Skip to main content

Full text of "Missionary Visitor, The (1923)"

See other formats


Compliments of 

General Mission. Board 

E&ixv Illinois 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



r x 

Church of the 'Brethren 


Jasauasiipy, 192; 

NO. 1 

God Waits 

t^OD waits for man to do his will, 
^* He wails, and Waiting longs to fill 
The hearts of those who love him true 
With all the power he can endue. 

He waits; the years go sweeping past, 
A nd Time tolls dirges loud and fast, 
As men go down without a hope, 
Forever in the depths to grope. 

He waits; his servants are so few--- 
So few who'll give him all his due--- 
But, brother, while all longing wait, 
You, too, must stand without the gate. 

Tis only those who give away, 
May see the light of eternity. 
He who gives aid to those in need 
Has sown in self eternal seed. 



The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- ^ 
terested in reading the Visitor. H 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for = 

every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no M 

matter how large the donation. ^ 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will i§ 

be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. m 

Foreign postage, IS cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
it possible under the same name as irt the previous year. H 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postofnee of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. |§ 




All over the Brotherhood are showing a wonderful* missionary spirit. 
They desire to help and would like some method by which they can keep 
informed as to the progress of their work. The support of individual 
pupils and native workers causes an excess of correspondence on the 
part of the missionary. Because of this condition mission supporters are 


a better method called the Share Plan. The contributor can subscribe 
for a share of any amount above $25.00. A neat certificate is issued with 
each share, and quarterly reports are sent from the station where the 
money is used. More than 280 shares have been issued. The Lord will 


all who contribute freely of their possessions that the children in foreign 
lands may know Jesus. Information concerning the plan will be cheer- 
fully given by 

(general Mission. Board 



^^ ♦♦♦♦ ^ ♦♦♦ ^ ♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ^ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦» + * 



Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXV 

JANUARY, 1923 

No. 1 





The Missionary's Opportunities. By Adam Ebey, 4 

Missionary Joys, By Eliza B. Miller, 5 

The Missionary's Hope, By Lillian Grisso, 7 

The Missionary's Motive, By Elsie N. Shickel, 9 

Temptations of Missionaries, By J. E. Wagoner, 10 

The Missionary's Call, By L. A. Blickenstaff, 12 

The Missionary's Program, By Elizabeth Kintner, 13 

China Notes for October, By Anna Crumpacker, 15 

How Much Do You Care? 16 

India Notes for October, By Anna Brumbaugh, 20 

December Meeting of the General Mission Board, 22 


Nineteen Twenty-Three, By M. R. Z., 18 

Home Missions Councils to Meet, .... 18 ' 

Problems of Religious Education at Miami, New Mexico, By Ira J. Lapp, 19 


General Missionary News, 21 

West Dayton Church School of Missions, 22 


By the Evening Lamp, 26 

Indian Mother Love, By Jennie B. Miller, ' » 27 



An Urgent Word About Relief 

The Brethren shall not be found wanting 
when there is physical suffering. In both 
Russia and the Near East the pangs of hun- 
ger, of cold, of broken homes exist as evi- 
dence of hatred, greed and war. We cannot 
group around our happy firesides and enjoy 
the comforts of our country until we have 
shared with those less fortunate. The relief 
campaign launched in January should have 
the attention of every church in the Brother- 
hood. The 21st of January is designated as 
the day when a liberal offering should be 
taken. The following facts about relief 
work should be remembered: 

First. Let us give our relief work through 
our denominational channels. Statistics are 
valuable and money sent through other 

channels cannot be included in our record of 
giving. Gifts in the name of the church help 
to make disciples. 

Second. Let us give generously and ac- 
company our gifts with prayer. We can do 
more than save life. We believe in peace. 
Not only do we refuse to fight, but we want 
to create such international good will that 
we shall not be called on to fight. Our relief 
gifts will do much to make war impossible. 

Third. Our mission work also helps to 
prevent war by teaching the nations Christ. 
Ministering to the spirits of men as well as 
to their bodies is the work of the church. If 
your church has given generously for relief, 
why not make this January offering a gift 
to the mission work of the church? 


The Missionary Visitor Ja ?™ ry 

Jl New Year's Message for Brethren 

The one great fundamental thing to be done in this world is to make 
Christians. This is the message given to the church by Christ himself, and 
it is the message that we herald at the beginning of the new year. If there 
is any great task for the church today, it is right here: V Go make disciples!" 
The activities of the church in this modern day are many and varied, but unless 
they contribute to the work of helping men to become and to continue to be 
disciples of Christ they are not worthy of a place in the program of our church. 

What will the Church of the Brethren do as it faces this new year? 
Our churches are exempt from taxation. Our boys were excused from com- 
batant service in the war. Our pastors receive clergy rates on the railroads. 
When public speaking is to be done in our communities the ministers often are 
given the opportunity to bring the message. We are exempted from certain 
income taxes because of our financial gifts to the church. The president of 
our country has openly led the nation in the Lord's Prayer and called on us 
to express thanks to Almighty God for blessings of the past year. It would 
seem that governments, railroads, steamship companies and our local com- 
munities are all challenging us to " make disciples." 

Dare I prophesy that, as we enter this new year, our church, the Church 
of the Brethren, the church we love, will meet the challenge? We will leave 
off our low, sordid ideals, our narrow selfishness, our provincialism, and our 
indifference, and instead we will, with the Word of God in mind and the 
spirit of Christ in heart, go forth into the most successful year at " making 
disciples " that we have ever experienced. 

To do this it will mean that missionaries will need to serve with more 
diligence; that more folks must be willing to teach Sunday-school classes in 
the home churches; that we will be willing to prepare for more efficient service; 
that we will agree to differ when necessary, but always resolve to love. It will 
mean the building oj a more devoted loyalty to our church. It will mean less 
self and more Christ. The pouring out of self and money, that disciples shall 
be made, will be the watchword in our hearts. 

Will the church, this year, "Go" and do what the Master commands? 

The January issue of the Visitor is, annu- never before. There is a new attitude to 

ally, a special India number. The articles Christ, and it is one of admiration. The 

are mostly from our missionaries. We think magnanimous spirit of Christ and his vica- 

they have written especially well this year. rious sacrifice are compelling attention and 

We will be well entertained, informed and even adoration. Many are studying his life, 

amply repaid by a careful reading of what and some have become his disciples, though 

they have written. We are especially in- not all openly as yet. "May Jesus Christ be 

debted to Bro. Fred M. Hollenberg for as- praised!" ^ 

sembling the material. " What I spent I had — what I kept I lost 

tf ^ — what I gave I have." 

INDIA EDITORIALS The last census shows that during the 

J. M. Blough past ten years the Christian population of 

And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, India increased more than twenty times as 

will draw all men unto myself.-John 12: 32. fast as the total population of the country, 

£ and in Bombay Presidency the Christians 

We praise the Lord that the thinking increased thirteen per cent while the total 

people of India are being drawn to Christ as population declined. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Some time ago a Hindu Sadhu at Allaha- 
bad, speaking in good English, said: "I'll tell 
you this: I believe the whole of India will 
come to Christ. Not only India, but the 
whole world is to be Christian one day. 
The blood of Christ saves. It is a wonderful 
and comforting teaching. I am an old man 
of 75. I am soon coming out openly to de- 
clare myself a follower of Jesus Christ. In 
my boyhood and youth I was a student in 
the Jamna High School, Allahabad. Let us 
join in the prayer of the Lord Jesus — the 
Lord's Prayer." ^ 

A National Missionary Society worker 
reports: " Educated Brahmans, including the 
clerks and other officials, headed by the tah- 
sildar, the elite of the town, Marwaris, Jains, 
Banias and other merchants — the factory 
hands, the domestics, menials, and the draw- 
ers of water and the hewers of stone, all 
were listening to the simple gospel message 
with rapt attention. Such a spectacle con- 
vinces me that the current flows towards 
the once rejected and despised Jesus of 
Nazareth." ^ 

Since the arrest of Mr. Gandhi the activity 
of the Non-Cooperation Movement has 
seemingly declined, and the widespread un- 
rest has greatly diminished. Though there 
is still revolt against the government, it is 
not so manifest. & 

" Unless Jesus Christ is Lord of all, he is 
not Lord at all." ^ 

There are fifty million untouchables in 
India. From among them thousands and tens 
of thousands have been saved though Chris- 
tianity and made respectable, so that they 
can associate freely with the best classes in 
India. Mr. Gandhi has rendered valuable 
service in preaching the curse of untoucha- 
bility to his followers, and he succeeded in 
leading many to regard these outcastes of 
society with greater civility, even to sitting 
together and dining together. Pray for the 
salvation of the outcastes. 

One prominent Hindu objected to the 
Non-Cooperation Movement, saying that it 
was too Christian. A prominent Christian 
has said that all that is good in the move- 
ment is Christian. It is true that Gandhi has 
learned at the feet of Jesus and has been 

largely inspired by the perfect teaching of 
Christ. ^ 

The Indianization of Christianity is be- 
coming a popular theme in certain Indian 
circles. The charge is made that Christian- 
ity is too western and too foreign; it must 
be more Indian. We have some sympathy 
for this criticism. Christianity should be 
like Christ, and not fashioned after certain 
national ideals or customs. We pray that in 
making the church more Indian she may 
not become less Christlike. 

The "Devolution of Missions" is also a 
live subject at the present time. This means 
turning over the work that missions have 
been doing to the management and, as far 
as possible, also to the support of the Indian 
church. No one is happier than mission- 
aries themselves when the Indian church 
can replace the missions and bear the re- 
sponsibilty of evangelization, for then the 
mission societies can look to the unoccupied 
regions beyond. Two old missions in India 
put devolution schemes into execution dur- 
ing the past year. Our mission is looking 
forward to the same thing as soon as the 
church is strong enough to take over the 
work. ^ 

During 1921 the National and Provincial 
Councils were reconstructed and new consti- 
tutions adopted. The most important change 
proposed is to call them Christian Councils 
instead of Mission Councils, and the repre- 
sentatives will now be chosen from churches 
as well as missions, the purpose being to 
make at least half the representation Indian, 
thus securing the help and cooperation of 
the Indian church. At the meeting of the 
Bombay Council in September, which two 
of our missionaries attended, almost two 
days were spent adopting a new constitu- 
tion. & 

Mission cooperation has brought good 
results in India, especially in educational 
and training institutions. It secures better 
efficiency and less expenditure. Overlap- 
ping in mission work is to be deplored. It 
creates confusion. Church union also is 
strongly urged by many, but there are nu- 
merous difficulties in the way. The blame for 
disunion lies upon the western churches and 
(Continued on Page 6) 

The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary's Opportunities 


O.P P O R T U N I- 
I T I E S— open 
doors; oppor- 
tunities — closed doors. 
Opportunities! Three 
hundred and forty mil- 
lion people in India 
alone. Each one a 
bundle of opportunities! 
Each one a houseful of 
doors open and to 
open! Man of God; 

handmaid of the Lord, 
are you still waiting for 
something to do? Still 
looking for open doors? 
It was just after the 
terrible scourge of "flu" 
in March, 1919. Kalab- 
hau S., his wife and three little girls came 
staggering up to the mission house. They 
were weak, sick, hungry and almost naked. 
The missionary took them in. They were 
given medicine. He was given work, but 
he was too weak to do a man's work; he 
was too weak, too sick. While he could 
not earn enough to feed self and family, 
he was given enough for food. They were 
also> given some old clothing. They seized 
their opportunities; the missionary improved 
his. All but the six-year-old girl are Chris- 
tians now, growing in grace. They are well 
and happy and useful. They have plenty of 
food and clothing. The three girls are in 
school and are doing well. 

The missionary can help the people get a 
more dignified idea of labor. Even leaders 
get careless and lazy and like to stand on 
their dignity. Use the hands and feet. Teach 
the people by example. Do not be afraid 
of walking a mile or two. Carry your own 
grip and umbrella. Use the axe, the saw, 
the hammer, the shovel. Herein lie numer- 
ous opportunities. Not all who see the 
missionary at work will get busy, but many 
will soon see the beauty of hard manual 
labor and become more industrious. There 
are thousands and thousands of opportuni- 
ties to set good examples before the peo- 

It was just after the terrible scourge 
of M flu " in March, 1919. Kalabhau 
S., his wife and three little girls came 
staggering up to the mission house. 
They were weak, sick, hungry and 
almost na^ed. The missionary took 
them in. They were given medicine. 
He was given work, but he was too 
weak t° d° a mans work: he was too 
weak, too sick. While he could not 
earn enough to feed self and family, 
he was given enough for food. They 
were also given some old clothing. 
They seized their opportunities; the 
missionary improved his. All but the 
six-year-old girl are Christians now, 
growing in grace. 


The missionary sees 
sick people. He helps 
them. With a prayer 
for the souls of those 
to whom he ministers, 
he gives out remedies. 
He wins their confi- 

Then the children! 
At first many of them 
are afraid of the mis- 
sionary. He gives them 
a bit of sugar, or a few 
grains of parched corn, 
or a little picture. The 
next day he can stroke 
their hair and tickle 
their ribs. Fear . is 

Opportunities for service are numberless! 
The Peace Durbar was to meet on Sunday 
morning. The missionary objected. It met 
later. The Annual Durbar was to be held 
on Friday, Saturday and Sunday. The 
children's races and games were to be on 
Sunday. Again the missionary objected. 
The results made him both sorry and glad. 
He was sorry the children's program was 
canceled; he was glad he witnessed for the 
Lord's Day. 

Questionable sports and plays had been 
used at the previous durbar. The mission- 
ary spoke. There was a cleaning up. 

A liquor shop was near by. Some of the 
higher officers were disgusted with it. 
They spoke and acted; the missionary 
spoke and acted. The shop was closed. 
What blessings resulted! 

Everything the missionary sees, hears, ex- 
periences becomes an opportunity to him. 
Protest, request, encourage, discourage, 
walk, stand still, reprove, rebuke, exhort. 

Most of the people who become Chris- 
tians are poor and thriftless. They know, 
little of the value of time. They are not 
industrious. Here is a large field of op- 
portunities." To take these thriftless, care- 
less people and get them to a place where 
they desire better clothing and food is not 
a very hard matter, but to get them ready 


The Missionary Visitor 

to do the things that lead to a fulfillment 
of their desires, is a hard task, a long, long 
one. It is much easier to get these jungle 
people to become Christians than to build 
them up into real spiritual characters, who 
are ready to undertake hard, rough means 
to meet the end in view. 

To teach them to work cheerfully and 
regularly; to teach them to be really in- 
dependent of money lenders; to teach them 
to attend services, to sing, to pray, to love 
one another fervently, is no little job! The 
missionary has opportunities. He tries to 
improve them, but often the expected re- 
sults are not fully attained. Nevertheless, 
he sees much that is hope-inspiring and 

Two years ago there was a man, a 
Christian, who seldom did a day's work. He 
was always depending on his wife's efforts 
to supply food. When such a man gets 

busy and works nearly every day, the mis- 
sionary is encouraged. The improved op- 
portunity has resulted in some good. 

To get Christians to act in unison, if not 
in perfect unity, is a forward step. Thank 
God! Take courage! 

The improved opportunity cheers the mis- 
sionary. The one missed, or not improved, 
should be a burden on the heart and lead 
to a burning sense of responsibility, such 
as Paul had, leaving no peace night or day. 

Put all opportunities together. There is 
but one great opportunity. It is to save 
lost souls by getting them to Jesus. It is 
to win them and build them up in Christ. 
Whether the missionary preaches or teach- 
es, gives medicine or advice, the opportuni- 
ties should all be one in aim and purpose, 
— Jesus, to get lost souls to him. Blessed 
opportunities! Blessed opportunity! 

Ahwa, Dangs, India, Sept. 26, 1922. 

Missionary Joys 


GETTING to the field of appointment 
is a great joy to every missionary 
who has "counted the cost" and 
wholly given himself up to the will of his 

Settling down to the study of the lan- 
guage and the people among whom the 
missionary is to work, adjusting to a new 
land and conditions, is also a great joy to 
those who have fully consecrated them- 
selves to the task and have looked forward 
to the new experiences with happy antici- 

Mingling with fellow missionaries, band- 
ed together with the one aim in view; strug- 
gling with the problems in hand, worked 
out with divine help; and facing the com- 
mon problems courageously, remembering 
him who went over the way before, fills 
the heart of the servant of God with much 

Once a year our own mission workers 
look forward to a time of general meeting 
and fellowship together. To all, and espe- 
cially to those who live in isolation from 
June to November, and to those who are 
hindered from attending the regular meet- 

ings, this is a time of blessed fellowship and 
renewal of spiritual strength. 

A few days ago one of our missionaries 
returned to his station after being confined 
in the Bombay Hospital for fifty-two days. 
It is needless to say there was a happy 
meeting with the foreign and Indian staff at 
his station that day, after such a long time 
of waiting and anxiety. 

Sept. 22 the good ship "Scindia" brought 
into our midst our "beloved physicians," the 
Drs. Cottrell, who had been absent from us 
for two and one-half years, the last six 
months of which we had been without a 
mission physician at all. Do you wonder 
they were received with joy and with open 

Quite a number of our new missionaries 
completed their second language examina- 
tions this year, very much to their delight; 
for now they are ready for active service, 
to which they had been looking forward 
ever since arriving on the field. 

One of the missionary children in recent 
weeks was bitten by a mad dog. What a joy 
to the parents to know that a Pasteur In- 
stitute, opened in Bombay in April, was 

The Missionary Visitor 


available for treatment, saving the boy from 
the dreadful rabies! 

For years one of our isolated stations has 
had but one mission house, making- it pos- 
sible for but one family to live there. This 
year a second house has been completed, 
and another family has been appointed to 
the place. What joy this brings to the fam- 
ily that hitherto has lived in the jungle 
alone, wrestling with the problems natural- 
ly coming to the station! 

For more than twenty years our girls' 
main school in Gujarat had been mixed up 
with a boys' school or Christian families 
living on the same compound. This year 
the place has been cleared, so that there is 
added dormitory room, and a new school 
building has been provided, making condi- 
tions so much more favorable for both the 
school-children and the management. 

Missionary experiences are filled with 
joys and pleasures if their eyes are open to 
see them and their hearts ready to accept 
them. These mentioned are but some of the 
external and visible objects and interests 
that touch and refresh the worker like 
transient showers of rain. 

After all, it must be said the missionary's 
life and surroundings are fraught with too 
many uncertainties, irregularities and dan- 
gers to depend upon external conditions to 
keep up his spirit of joy. No event or ma- 
terial improvement in his surroundings or 
friends or helpers will suffice to keep the 
fountain of joy flowing continually. There 
must be "something in his life greater than 
his occupation or his achievements; grander 
than acquisition of wealth; higher than 
genius; and more enduring than fame," to 
keep and sustain him through the hours and 
days and months and years of his mission- 
ary career. 

This "something" must be his vital con- 
nection with Jesus Christ, that alone can 
bring him the "peace of God which passeth 
all understanding," and "the joy unspeakable 
and full of glory." True missionary joy 
knows no geography. It's as radiant in 
India as in America. No crossing the seas 
or change of friends can change its fullness. 

Paul, who was the most joyful mission- 
ary of history, could truthfully say, "Sor- 
rowing, yet always rejoicing; poor, yet mak- 

ing many rich; having all things, yet pos- 
sessing nothing; troubled on every side, yet 
not distressed; persecuted, yet not in de- 
spair; unknown, and yet well known; dying, 
and behold we live; chastened, and not 

Happy is the man or the woman who goes 
to the mission field possessing the abundant 
fountain of joy. He who carries the "good 
tidings of great joy" above all needs to be 
the most joyful. 


(Continued from Page 3) 

their representatives. The Indian for the 
most part has no interest in the theological 
reasons that caused the divisions of the 
church, and he laments the fact that these 
divisions are brought to India. Can we 
blame him? Oh, for the unity which Jesus 
desires! ^ 

Our new institution at Anklesvar is to be 
called "Vocational Training School." The 
plans for the buildings and their location 
are being completed, and we hope that work 
on the buildings may be begun during the 
winter. We are much encouraged in our 
plan for this school, for missionaries and 
Indians all over the country are waking up 
to the fact that children need a more prac- 
tical training, and so do their teachers. They 
need to learn to work with their hands as 
well as to read, and their curriculum must 
be more closely related to their life and cir- 
cumstances. ^ 

In this number of the Visitor you learn 
something of the feelings and experiences <of 
your missionaries in India. Pray that we 
all may live up to the will of Christ for us. 
We bless the Lord for your loyal support. 
May his peace be yours evermore. 

The ministry was never sp attractive as 
it is today. May God keep out of it those 
who think it is easy — for they will fail. 
May God bring into it those who know that 
it is hard — for they will be the happiest of 
mortals, and they will help the world to be 
glad in the light of Jesus Christ. — Bishop 


The Missionary Visitor 

The Missionary's Hope 


industrially, edu- 

1NDIA— what does 
it mean? Dirt, 
disease, poverty, 
ignorance, superstition, 
slavery, child-marriage, 
downtrodden woman- 
hood, hopeless widows, 
caste, lying, impurity — 
all these and more does 
it mean to those who 
are trying to fight these 
great evils. Physically 
cationally, socially, morally and spiritually, 
India is in darkness. Read what all this 
is like in India, and then meditate until 
something of its meaning dawns upon you, 
and then remember that it is against all 
this that the missionary has set his face. 
Who can estimate the suffocating influences 
of the atmosphere of sin by which he is 
surrounded? Often he longs to get into 
purer air. The task seems endless, and 
the response small. Those whom he trusts 
prove untrustworthy, and his dearest de- 
sires are 1 thwarted by the evil one. Why 
does he remain amidst all the discourage- 
ments? He is sustained by a "hope that is 
an anchor to his soul, both sure and stead- 
fast." In his heart is a vision of a new 
India — an India that is reborn in Christ. 

The India that now is shall be trans- 
formed. Dirt and disease shall be con- 
quered by Christian ideals. The Chris- 
tian education that the boys and girls are 
receiving shall overcome the ignorance and 
superstition. Little girls of 13 or 14 years 
shall no longer be compelled to bear the 
burdens of motherhood. Womanhood shall 
be uplifted and love shall rule in India's 
homes. In the new day that shall be, 50,- 
000,000 of human beings shall no longer be 
condemned to a life of social ostracism as 
untouchables, but the hopeless outcastes shall 
be lifted into a new life of usefulness and 
power, for the power of caste shall for- 
ever be broken. Impurity shall cease to 
exist under the protection and in the name 
of religion; neither shall it lie like a dark 
cloud at the background of so much of 
India's social life. Here in the Vyara 
district, the common way the village peo- 

The India that now is shall be trans- 
formed. Dirt and disease shall be 
conquered by Christian ideals. The 
Christian education that the boys and 
girls are receiving shall overcome the 
ignorance and superstition. Little girls 
of 1 3 or 1 4 years shall no longer be 
compelled to bear the burdens of 

pie use of finding suita- 
ble husbands for their 
daughters is as fol- 
lows: A young man is 
called into the home 
and is allowed to live 
with the family for 
awhile and with the 
girl as her husband. 
If all are satisfied, 
very well; if not, the 
young man is dismissed and another called 
in, and this process may be repeated until 
all are satisfied. Such are the social condi- 
tions out of which our boarding-school girls 
come. But we are sure that the ideals of Jesus 
Christ will some day be wrought out in 
the life of these village people and a purer 
life will result. Moral and spiritual dark- 
ness shall flee away before the truth of the 
Gospel of the Son of God, and for this day 
we pray and hope. 

And even now there are not wanting 
gleams of the new day that shall be. Al- 
ready the mass movements have brought 
thousands of the outcastes into the Chris- 
tian church, and whole communities are 
being transformed. From among these out- 
caste communities have come those who 
are now respected and loved even by the 
higher castes. Many leaders among the 
Hindus have yielded to the influences of 
Christian teaching and are taking up the 
fight against caste. It is not uncommon to 
see accounts of feasts, at which the peo- 
ple of all castes ate together. In our own 
mission territory there are now at least 
two schools where the outcastes sit in the 
same room with the other children. 

Whereas, among the population at large, 
only 10 per cent of the men and 1 per cent 
of the women are literate, among the Chris- 
tians nearly 10 per cent of the women and 
more- than 21 per cent of the men can read 
and write. And this Christian community 
is growing. In the decade previous to 1911, 
while the Hindu and Mohammedan religions 
both lost in the number of members per 
10,000 of the population, the Christians 
gained, from 99 in 1901, to 123 in 1911. 
All this is having its effect on child mar- 


The Missionary Visitor 


riage and the status of women. 
Our Christian girls attend school 
and remain unmarried until they 
are 15 to 19 years old, and then 
they choose their own compan- 
ions. Our Christian widows re- 
marry and are treated with kind- 
ness and consideration. Now In- 
dian leaders are taking up the 
cause of Indian womanhood and 
are advocating later marriages 
and the remarriage of widows. 
Notices of the remarriage of some 
Hindu widow is occasionally seen 
in such papers as the Indian So- 
cial Reformer. 

Who can doubt the power of 
the Gospel to remake India when 
he thinks of such names as Pandi- 
ta Ramabai, Sundar Singh, Tamil 
David, Bishop Azariah, and many 
humbler ones among India's 

The Indian Christian church is 
growing, both in numbers and in 
strength. In the last few years 
rapid strides have been taken to- 
ward self-government. There are 
independent native churches where 
the government is entirely carried 
on by the Indian people. In all the 
established missions the Indian 
people are taking an ever-increas- 
ing share in the work. This last 
year at Rudha, where the work is 
carried on by our District Mis- 
sion Board, the first converts were 
baptized. Can we not look for- 
ward when the responsibility for 
the evangelization of India will be 
carried entirely by the Indian church? Self- 
support is coming more slowly but none the 
less surely. Some of the leaders among the 
Indian Christians are looking forward to 
the time when Christian work in India will 
be entirely supported by the church in In- 
dia. In the larger missions there are now 
churches that are supporting their own 
pastors, and we hope it may not be many 
years until we can say the same of our own 
mission. "It must increase and we must de- 
crease," and in thus decreasing our highest 
hopes will be realized for the Indian church 

Mr. Kosti, the Pundit 

This is Mr. Kosti the pundit who taught two years .at 
Dahanu. He is a very young man but is regarded as one of 
the best teachers. In the picture are his mother, his wife 
and his little sister. 

and ultimately for the millions of India's vast 
population. Our hopes are as bright as the 
promises of God and they shall not fail. "For 
as the rain cometh down and the snow from 
heaven, and returneth not thither, but water- 
eth the earth, and maketh it bring forth 
and bud, and giveth seed to the sower and 
bread to the eater; so shall my word be 
that goeth forth out of my mouth; it shall 
not return unto me void, but it shall ac- 
complish that which I please, and it shall 
prosper in the thing whereto I sent it." 


The Missionary Visitor 

The Missionary's Motive 


UNLESS men go 
to the mission 
field with the 
right motive it is im- 
possible for Jesus 
Christ to work in and 
through them, and un- 
less he do this there can 
be no results of an abid- 
ing character." We 
must acknowledge that 
the underlying motive 
is the big factor in de- 
termining the value of 
any action. Now what is the missionary's 
motive, the impelling force behind his work? 
Everyone who knows the power of sal- 
vation, and has come into close fellow- 
ship with the Christ, knows that intense 
yearning that all men may hear the Gospel, 
that constant internal desire to lead others 
to Christ. It was this motive that led 
Andrew, when he had found the Messiah, 
to go at once and bring his brother. Sure- 
ly, this hunger for souls is fundamental in 
whatever line of work the missionary un- 

On every hand the great world needs 
press in "upon us. Just the other day a 
government inspectress of schools told me 
that her work has taken her through miles 
and miles of territory and likely hundreds 
of villages where the name of Christ had 
never been heard. All of us have within 
our reach information concerning similar 
conditions in many lands. Such needs are 
a challenge to every Christian. The mis- 
sionary has launched out on their appeal, 
and it continues to urge him on. 

The Father so loved the world that he 
gave his only Son. That love reached out 
to even the most insignificant of them that 
have not heard, just as much as to you and 
to me. But how shall they ever know of this 
love unless we tell them? The Master com- 
mitted this task of spreading the Gospel to 
his followers — " Go ye." This is the Divine 
authority for the missionary's work, the 
Master's definite command, and it continual- 
ly prompts to push on. 

Everyone who knows the power of 
salvation, and has come into close fel- 
lowship with the Christ, knows that in- 
tense yearning that all men may hear 
the Gospel, that constant internal de- 
sire to lead others to Christ. It was 
this motive that led Andrew, when he 
had found the Messiah, to go at once 
and bring his brother. Surely, this 
hunger for souls is fundamental in what- 
ever line of worf^ ^ ne missionary under- 


Yes, all of these fac- 
tor in the missionary's 
motive. But it seems 
to me that the one out- 
standing thing that in 
a way involves all the 
others, that makes the 
missionary glad to be 
just where he is and 
doing just the work he 
is doing, is the convic- 
tion that he's working 
out the Father's definite 
will for his life in the 
big task of giving the Gospel to the world. 
Without this conviction, when reverses come 
and work does not prosper as we'd like, we 
might question whether we could not 
have done more good and served better 
somewhere else. But when God has made 
plain his will to the fully-surrendered man 
who has been willing to wait and listen, and 
has led step by step into a definite field 
of service, then whatever comes, or what- 
ever conditions must be met, the man is 
willing to do his best with the Father's 
help and leave the results with him, and 
be content. I've heard missionaries say 
in substance, " If I did not know that this 
is the Father's will for me, some things 
would be much harder to bear. But I 
know. Therefore I shall press on, what- 
ever comes." 

How prominent is this motive of doing 
the Father's will in the life of our Master 1 
" As the Father sent me, even so send I 
you." " I came not do mine own will but 
the will of him that sent me." " My meat 
is to do the will of him that sent me." Even 
in the garden this was the victory, " Not my 
will, but thine be done." 

Some one has said, " Consecration is a 
determination to know God's will for my 
life, and an equal determination to do that 
will!" When God makes it plain to a per- 
son so consecrated that his will for his 
life is to spread the Gospel in a foreign 
land, this assurance alone is sufficient mo- 
tive to make him ready to meet any con- 
ditions, brave any hardships, and give his 


The Missionary Visitor 


Good Possibilities for the Kingdom of Christ 

A group of folks Sister Shumaker gathered into a Sunday School just outside of Bulsar. With this 
group Elsie Shickel made her first attempt at teaching in the native language. 

life, if necessary, for the task to which God 
has called him. And that constant deter- 
mination to work out God's will in his life 
makes the missionary faithful in the small- 
est details of his duties, and makes him 
reflect the Christ life in even the most 
trying circumstances. 

After all, is the missionary's motive dif- 
ferent from that behind any other conse- 
crated, fully-surrendered life? Surely, no 
one can know the richest joys of Chris- 

tianity until he has accepted God's will and 
guidance in his own life, whatever his busi- 
ness or line of. work may be. Would that 
every Christian, whether in America or 
other lands, whether farmer, homemaker, 
storekeeper, banker, servant, or one in 
authority might realize his responsibility in 
giving the Gospel to mankind, and be de- 
termined to work out God's will for his 
life! Then there'd be prayers, money, and 
men in abundance for work at home and 

Temptations of Missionaries 


AS will be seen from a perusal of this 
article, the temptations of missiona- 
ries are various and "too numerous 
to mention." Personally, I feel that I have 
been on the field too short a time really to 
speak with authority on such a subject. And 
it was because of this feeling that I sent out 
some thirty questionnaires to our mission- 
aries, asking the following questions: 

What are the chief temptations of mis- 

At what time, or times, are they the most 

Are newer missionaries, or older ones, the 
more afflicted? and what are the peculiar 
temptations of each? 

If we can count husbands and wives as 
couples of two instead of couples of one, 
then we may say tha^t nineteen answers were 
received. Nine of these came from mission- 
aries who have been on the field more than 
one term of service, and ten from those 
whose term has been less than one. For 
convenience the answers have been grouped 
in six divisions: First, the actual number 
from the first group of missionaries. Sec- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ond, the same, counting husband and wife 
as two. Third, and fourth, the same, regard- 
ing the newer missionaries, and fifth and 
sixth, the totals of the two corresponding 

Regarding the difference in temptation be- 
tween the older, and the newer missionary, 
those who wrote about it at all pretty gen- 
erally agree that the second is more subject 
to the temptation of discouragement, and 
the first to that of the usurpation of authori- 
ty, and to become calloused to sin, the rea- 
sons for both of which are evident. 

Considering the diagram, a few remarks 
may be in place. About impatience, one 
has written that ft seems to be a cardinal 
sin to try to hurry the East. And with their 
slowness, and with Western progressiveness, 
we often, perhaps, are tempted almost be- 
yond the point of endurance. Regarding the 
second it is, or was, written that we are 
woefully tempted to become physically, 
mentally and spiritually lazy. The 
fourth means, according to the contrib- 
utors, that the constant presence of sin, the 
slowness of spiritual growth, the lack of 
others whose example stirs us upward and 
onward, are great contributing causes, and 
that one must be constantly on the alert to 
overcome. Under seven one writes: "All 
of us are human enough to like power and 
authority, and that a missionary has plenty 
of temptations to want it, and to use it with- 
out love and in wrong places, is patent at 
once. A noted missionary on being asked 
why so many educated Indian leaders had 
left mission service said, 'It is largely be- 
cause missionaries have been so autocratic 
in their work that educated Indian leaders 
have not wished to remain in service.' " 

I think that the rest are self-explanatory. 
A careful study of them will tell you more 
in a few minutes than I could write in a day. 
However, a word of warning — or perhaps 
two words. This list cannot be conclusive. 
It is the opinion of some eighteen people. 
Perhaps it shows as much as any other 
thing that we are subjective. The other is, 
that in interpreting this it does not necessa- 
rily mean that seven missionaries think the 
rest are too busy for Bible study. It means, 
rather, that seven people have found out 
that they are themselves subject to such a 

temptation. It does not mean that they have 
fallen. It would, indeed, be a staggering 
list if it meant that the missionaries were 
guilty of the lot. But it seems to me that 
the very fact that they have listed so many, 
shows how careful they are as a body to 
walk carefully and circumspectly among 
the people with whom they are to work. 
If, for instance, only two had answered, 
and both had said that all the missionaries 
preach one thing and practice another, I 
should have thought that instead of being 
subjective, we were very much objective, 
and more given to watching our neighbor's 
faults than to correcting our own. But the 
answers are not like that. 

















































Inefficient and sluggish 

Too critical 

Lower standard for ourselves 


Too busy for Bible study 

To want authority and power 

Lower standard for Indians 

To feel superior to Indian 

First things secondary 

Too patient 




Too little exercise 

To stand on authority as 


To think mission not properly 


To preach and not practice 

To have no definite program 

Prejudice between old and new 

To recognize caste 


Self-dependence instead of God- 

Judging by American standards . 

To insist upon one's own ideas ., 

A stereotyped way of working ... 



Too mistrustful 

Temptations same as those of 
other people , 






























10 0.1 


I 01 

I ol 
I l! 




I 11 

I 0| 



II 1 




















































































The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary's Call 


wisdom of that 

IT must have been a 
divinely inspired D. 
L. Moody who, 
when asked for advice 
concerning going to a 
foreign field, answered, 
" Young man, if you 
can stay at home, do 
not go." One need not 
have many years of ex- 
perience in foreign work 
until he appreciates the 

There may be found on any foreign field 
missionaries who, after having had experi- 
ence in the work, become discouraged and 
conscientiously believe that they were mis- 
taken in their call. They therefore look 
toward other work, usually in the homeland. 
It is not entirely unfair to wonder if they 
may not be among the ones who could have 
remained at home but did not. I once heard 
of a missionary who, before sailing for a 
foreign field, remarked, " We do not know 
if we will like it there or not, but we will 
try it, and if we do not, I suppose we can 
come back home." If that worker's field 
was India and he made a success here, God 
must have worked a miracle in his life 
sometime after he uttered that almost in- 
credible statement. It requires the grace 
of God and an absolute knowledge of hav- 
ing come here under divine guidance to re- 
main contentedly in India and render effi- 
cient and acceptable service to her needy 

You will find missionaries in foreign 
fields, just as you will find workers in the 
homeland, who experience considerable 
difficulty in continuing diligently at their 
tasks. It is sad, but nevertheless true, that 
a few actually appear to be indolent. On 
the other hand, some of the most careful 
and diligent people are found exerting every 
energy in the service on foreign fields. Is 
it not true that in a majority of cases the 
difference in attitude toward the work is 
due to the existence of a definite divine call 
in the one case, and the absence of it in 
the other? A call to which the only recon- 

A foreign missionary often finds him- 
self face to face with very trying cir- 
cumstances, and he is subjected to bit- 
ter trials and disappointments which 
try him almost beyond human endur- 
ance. One's own strength is then de- 
cidedly insufficient, and unless some 
stabilizing influence has been maintained 
the worker is doomed to failure. 

cilement was to " Go " 
will hardly be forgotten 
and disregarded by one 
who has entered the 
field of service, unless 
his remaining there is 
rendered quite impos- 
sible because of cir- 
cumstances over which 
he has no control. 
A foreign missionary 
often finds himself face to face with very 
trying circumstances, and he is subjected to 
bitter trials and disappointments which try 
him almost beyond human endurance. 
One's own strength is then decidedly in- 
sufficient, and unless some stabilizing in- 
fluence has been maintained the worker is 
doomed to failure. In the experiences of 
many missionaries nothing has contributed 
so much to perseverance in their tasks as 
to rest securely in a previously confirmed 
knowledge of a call from God. The con- 
sciousness of a divine call proven and set- 
tled before entering upon the work has been 
a great stabilizer to many a discouraged 
foreign missionary. An efficient mission- 
ary's view must at all times be forward, but 
he will be many times able to see the step 
just ahead by referring to a definite call 
which, when received, was proven to be 
unmistakable and over which, in the light 
of experience, nothing can cast a darken- 
ing shadow. 

There was a time in the experience of 
all denominations when mission boards 
found it extremely difficult to secure efficient 
workers for foreign fields. The candidates 
were so few in comparison to the great 
need that those who would go, were sent. 
The earnest prayer of the church for men 
is being most wonderfully answered, and it 
seems particularly so for the Church of 
the Brethren. Those in charge of secur- 
ing candidates for foreign fields are either 
now facing a tremendous responsibility in 
making selections, or will be so confronted 
in the not far distant future. Every pos- 
sible error in selection is to be avoided, in 
order that lives may not be spoiled and the 


The Missionary Visitor 


mission cause greatly hindered. The only- 
guaranty against mistakes is in seeking and 
finding the certain will of God, and the 
individual candidate must assume a great- 
er portion of the responsibility in determin- 
ing whether he should serve his Master in 
the homeland or is unmistakably directed 
to foreign fields. The young person who 
looks to the foreign field with a life to in- 
vest can well afford to be confident of. his 
call. The channel through which the call 
comes and its verification is a matter be- 
tween the individual and God. The method 
may be as varied as the personalities of 

those who seek divine guidance, but the 
essential condition in every case is that 
the seeker be sincere and ready to follow 
the light he receives. God is not mocked, 
and he knows how sincerely an inquirer 
for his will intends to hear and follow. To 
an honest inquirer he will answer as often 
and as definitely as is sincerely desired. It 
is only after having determined his course 
by most intimate communication with an 
all-wise and a thoroughly sympathetic God, 
that a foreign missionary may proceed to 
his work with the full assurance that, 

" Before me, even as behind, 
God is and all is well." 

The Missionary's Program 

PROGRAMS? Yes, we have them — 
some daily, some weekly, some 
monthly and for some yearly, but 
sometimes, instead of being able to work 
them, they work us. 

Naturally those who are connected with 
the schools are more nearly able to work 
out their scheduled plans than are those en- 
gaged in other work, but even their plans 


for the day often are spoiled by accidents. 
Since I have mentioned those connected 
with our schools let me tell you some of the 
things that keep them busy from day to 
day. With the ladies who are in charge of 
boarding schools, much time is taken in 
helping to plan the clothing, while in some 
of the newer schools they'even help to make 
the garments. The women are used to cut- 

A Wedding Feast in India 

One of the widows of the mission was married and this is a part of the wedding feast in the home 
of one of the relatives. The missionaries have been invited to the feast. The home is considerably 
better than the average native home. 


The Missionary Visitor 


ting from small pieces of material, and they 
must be taught how best to cut from a long 
piece. Then there is the ordering of the 
grain and other foodstuffs, though in many 
cases this is looked after by the house mas- 
ter or mistress, who has general oversight of 
the routine of the boarding, but not the 

Sometimes, as in the case of the boys' 
boarding school at Dahanu, it is some dis- 
tance from the compound, and in order to 
have close supervision, much time is taken 
in going back and forth. Many missionaries 
have the direct supervision of groups, or the 
entire school as they meet for daily prayers. 
Where there is no nurse or doctor close, to 
take care of the sick, the one in charge of 
the school often is called upon to diagnose 
cases and give out medicines. 

With all those who handle funds, the last 
day of the old month or the first of the new 
is always a busy one, for that is "pay-day," 
and like all of us the Indian people are 
ready for that day when it comes. If the 
missionary has many on the pay roll, that 
day is pretty well gone by the time the funds 
are all paid out, for each one pauses for a 
bit of conversation and thus the time goes. 

Each month a report of the finances must 
be filled out and sent to our banker Saheb, 
as the Indian people call Bro. Blickenstaff. 

In most places every missionary is con- 
nected with the Sunday-school as a teacher, 
an officer or both. Some though not all of 
the ministers, are relieved of this kind of 

Those who do district evangelistic work 
might be said to have yearly programs, for 
unfortunately the touring season in India 
is limited largely to November, December, 
January and February. During the remain- 
der of the year most of the evangelistic 
workers have charge of work at the stations, 
such as women's work, general oversight of 
the station work, evangelistic work in the 
neighborhood or a boarding school. Class- 
es for the study of the Bible are also held 
when the village workers can most conven- 
iently come to the stations for such study. 

The program of the Madam Sahebs is per- 
haps the most varied of all. With taking 
care of the needs of the children — though a 
few of these needs are taken care of by the 

aya (Indian nurse) — and looking after the 
housekeeping, she has no small task, even 
with the help of our Indian servants. Those 
who live at our main stopping points, and 
especially at Bulsar, have an extra amount 
of entertaining to do, owing to the coming 
and going of many of our workers. Some 
of the workers of a neighboring mission 
"drop in" occasionally, as the bazaar here is 
better fitted for their needs than the one in 
their small town. Many times beds must be 
gotten ready, a room set in order, and toilet 
articles gathered together — for all travelers 
do not remember to take the ever-necessary 
bedding roll and toilet articles with them. 

Then the sahebs at these same stations 
have extra work, too, because the tonga 
(carriage) must be ordered and boys or men 
sent to meet the folks who are coming, or 
take their goods to the station when they are 
ready to go. 

Then sometimes our own sickness or the 
sickness of a fellow-missionary leaves added 
work for those in good health. 

Often we begin some task and in the 
midst of it some one comes to the door and 
fells us that they have seen a big snake in 
their house. Some of us Miss Sahebs are 
not brave enough to tackle a job like that, 
especially in a country where sticks are not 
so plentiful as at home, so we run off to tell 
the saheb to come with his gun. He comes, 
and after several attempts succeeds in end- 
ing the life of the offender. It takes some 
time to settle down again after such excite- 

One day we had just settled down for our 
noonday rest, when we heard one of the 
children from near by, crying as if some- 
thing was decidedly wrong. On going to 
the door and inquiring, we found that the 
child had been stung by a scorpion. We 
quickly got a bit of absorbent cotton and 
the stronger ammonia and the crying soon 

Just as I am writing this article (9 : 40 P. 
M.) a call comes to help prepare for burial 
the body of a little girl of one of the railway 

Thus I might go on giving instance after 
instance of the events that go to fill up our 
days with joys and sorrows, such as calling 
in the homes of Christians and non-Chris- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tians, visiting the sick and trying to comfort 
those whose loved ones pass away, giving 
out the little Sunday-school cards, and thus 
being able to tell the "old, old story" as we 
go about from place to place, but these will 
suffice to show you that our work is not a 
dull monotony, even though the body grows 
weary many times. "In the strength of his 
might" we go forth, doing what we can, 
which to us sometimes seems but little. But 
it must be "precept upon precept, precept 
upon precept, line upon line, line upon line; 
here a little, there a little." 

Pray that what w r e may be able to ac- 
complish may be to his glory. 


Anna Crumpacker 

This has been a particularly happy, profit- 
able month for our country evangelists. Bro. 
R. C. Flory had a warm reception at our 
out-stations at Liao. The native Christians 
are doing more financially toward their 
services. Bro. Flory is holding classes of 
a week's duration at several of the out- 
stations. Bro. Heisey has also been busy at 
out-station work. All the out-stations from 
Ping Ting have been visited. The inquirers 
will come to the central station for a two 
weeks' class, beginning Xov. 19. 

Sister Valley Miller also is out in her 
work. She is looking after Sister Nettie 
Senger's work during her furlough. Miss 
Schaeffer and Miss Horning also made a 
trip to the Yu Hsien district — the first 
woman's work that has been done there for 
two years. ^ 

Our recruits are happily settled in lan- 
guage study work in Peking. Bro. Sollen- 
berger escorted them to Peking and helped 
them to get settled. Brother and Sister 
Blickenstaff joined the party a week later. 
They were detained at Ping Ting Chou be- 
cause of illness and then, only the second 
day after their arrival in Peking, Bro. 
Blickenstaff was taken to the hospital with 
dysentery. We are exceedingly glad for his 
speedy recovery. ^ 

We bid a hearty welcome to Sylvia Jean 
Seese, who was born at Liao Oct. 26. 

Mr. Chen, a Y. M. C. A. secretary, visited 

the Ping Ting boys' school this month. He 
had visited a number of other associations 
in the province, but pronounced the one at 
Ping Ting'the best. 


Imagine the excitement at the boys' and 
girls' schools at the hospital at Ping Ting 
when the electric lights were turned on Nov. 
4. Practically none of the pupils had seen 
electric lights. This is a much-appreciated 
gift to our work here. 

There has been an unusally large number 
of patients with fractured bones in Ping 
Ting this month; also several men with 
broken backs, the result of coal-mine ac- 
cidents. There also have been two railroad 
accidents this month. One man came in 
with both arms cut off. Accidents on the 
railway into Shansi are very rare, and to 
have had two in one month "beats record." 

The Vanimans moved into their new home 
this month. Their house was not completed, 
but they moved, anyway, so that their for- 
mer quarters could be repaired and made 
ready for Dr. Coffman's. 

Again China is threatened with war. 
Peace parties are at work, and there is some 
hope that war can be averted. Nov. 1 there 
was an increase of 50 per cent in postal 
rates with all foreign countries but Japan. 
The internal rates were also increased, so 
now we can send a letter to Japan cheaper 
than we can to any of our sister stations. 
There is also an advance in telegraph rates. 

A girls' athletic meet was held in Peking 
this month. Eight hundred girls, represent- 
ing the various high schools and academies 
of the city of Peking, assembled in an ath- 
letic field in the west part of the city. There 
were a number of drills, races, etc. The 
girls did splendidly and showed good physi- 
cal strength. Think of the wonderful 
change it means from bound feet and sitting 
behind brick walls, to an athletic meet with 
nearly ten thousand spectators! 
J* J* 

If thou knewest the whole Bible by heart, 
and the sayings of all the philosophers, 
what would it profit thee, without the love of 
God and without grace? — Thomas a Kempis. 


The Missionary Visitor 



How Much Do You Care? 

The great world war is over, but not the suffering it caused. Hatred and 
crime follow in its wake. The misery caused by the war is keenly felt by 
many peoples, especially in Russia and the Near East, where the hand of the 
oppressor has been doubly 4iard. 

The Church of the Brethren does not believe in war, but she does believe 
in relieving suffering. She has a fine record to her credit. She again has an 
opportunity to feed the hungry, clothe the naked, minister to the sick and visit 
those in prison. 

Conference has entrusted the General Mission Board with the work of 
relief. The Board has designated a subcommittee to manage this work. The 
committee has investigated and is ready to act. It believes you will want 
to share your bounties with those who have not. Hear John say, " But whoso 
hath the world's goods, and beholdeth his brother in need, and shutteth up his 
compassion from him, how doth the love of God abide in him?" Yours is a 
practical and pure religion. James defines pure religion in part thus, " Pure 
religion and undefiled before our God and Father is this, to visit the fatherless 
and widows in their affliction, . . ." The third Sunday in January has been 
designated as Relief Day for the churches and Sunday-schools of the Church 
of the Brethren. Let all our churches and Sunday-schools take a liberal offer- 
ing on that day. (Should the day set not suit you, choose your own time.) 

The funds are to be administered in Russia under the Friends, and in the 
Near East under the Near East Relief. Undesignated funds will be designated 
by the committee, but you may designate your gifts. The need is great. What 
shall be our response? "Then shall the King say unto them on his right 
hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you 
from the foundation of the world: for I was hungry and ye gave me to eat; 
I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger, and ye took me in; 
naked, and ye clothed me; I was sick, and ye visited me; I was in prison, and 
ye came unto me. Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when 
we saw thee hungry, and fed thee? or athirst, and gave thee drink: And when 
saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? And 
when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? And the King shall 
answer and say unto them, Verily, I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it 
unto one of these my brethren, even these least, ye did it unto me." 

You can pay in cash or spread your payment throughout the year. Your 
treasurer will gladly remit from time to time. Whatever you give, accompany 
it with the prayer that your gift may relieve suffering, may foster world peace 
and may lead some to know your Christ. 

Needle Work by Refugee Girls 

Exquisite needlework has for centuries been an art in the :Near East. These refugee girls 
are not only keeping alive this ancient art but are makirfg their way towards self support. 


Talk about relil 
greatly relieved. t| 
traveled thirty nl 
to see the Amer 1: 

Gratitude smile: 1 1 
matched only by §>| 
doctor, who is gls I 
the suffering of m 

American genet la 
sible. There is lb 
need. The gifts I 
care of the worl lei 
East have greatl tp 
phans, of widows 11: 
less creatures. 

Shall America It 

January 21 ill 
the Churcf 

Relief for I 
East is 

Send all 




The Missionary Visitor 



1 little fellow is feeling 
[H g was broken and he 
I a slow bumpy ox-cart 
|;tor at the Orphanage. 
i all his features. It is 
k oiness of the American 
Hi in a position to relieve 
I ls made this work pos- 
,\ owever, a tremendous 
I:d only begin to take 
« nt events in the Near 
I >lied the number of or- 
c, of starving and help- 


LIEF Sunday in 
the Brethren. 

ia and the Near 
Intly needed 

tributions to 

ssion Board 

Children's Home, Russia 

Orphans whose parents died from hunger. 


An Orphan Boy in Russia 

A boy orphaned by cholera and famine who lived on water melon rind for two days. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Qnme 0tflia 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 


THERE are only three hundred and 
sixty-five days before another first of 
January. The inventory for 1922 
has been taken; The record is sealed for- 
ever. The opportunities unmet are against 
us. Achievements of the year give beauty 
and strength to the building of the centuries. 
As we review the experiences of the year 
just past, in the field of Home Missions, nu- 
merous reasons for encouragement and grat- 
ification appear. The uncertainties at the 
beginning of the year have crystallized into 
definite realities or have been discarded. The 
church is beginning to THINK HOME 
MISSIONS. This is sure to bring action. 
What will be said one year from now will 
depend upon the vision of today. Let us 
look back, inventory the year, and on that 
build for tomorrow. 

There are some major problems ahead if 
we are to make the progress we ought to 
make during the next year. 

There must be developed and maintained 
an unquenchable loyalty to the program of 
Christ. Loyalty to the church and its pro- 
gram is the acid test. Through the activi- 
ties of the church we have come to know 
Christ. The program of the church today 
is still the presenting of Christ to those who 
know him not. Certainly a Christian dare 
not pass this year without an increasing 
passion that Christ be presented to thou- 
sands more than during the last year. 

How shall we put into practice the* prin- 
ciples of Christian stewardship? Real Chris- 
tian stewardship means more than the giv- 
ing of money. Collections, every-member 
canvass, financial campaigns and other 
movements may have their value, but "the 
gift without the giver is bare." There can 
be no sound practice of stewardship which 

does not involve intellectual apprehension 
of, and volitional commitment to, the ob- 
jects benefited or to be benefited. There 
must be an intelligent understanding and a 
sympathetic participation in the program of 
the church. Study the program of 
Missions and seek the will of God, to know 
your part in it in relation to your life and 

How can we make available the unlimited 
resources of prayer? Christ urged his dis- 
ciples to pray for power. He is still urging 
his followers to pray. We ought to pray for 
the seemingly impossible. We ought not to 
pray for things we can do ourselves. Let us' 
pray to achieve far beyond our finite plan- 
ning. Seeing the world of sin and suffering 
let us pray that God will bring us at the 
end of 1923 torn and bleeding in life and 
possession, and that he will give us a big 
heart, filled with a world passion, that 
we may leave in our wake of the year a host 
of saved men and women for Christ, and 
thousands saved from the torturing famine 

death ' M. R. Z. 


The annual meeting of the Home Missions 
Council and Council of Women for Home 
Missions will be held at Atlantic City, N. J., 
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, Jan. 17, 
18 and 19, 1923. The general theme of the ses- 
sions will be " Home Mission Achievements 
in America to Date." The joint executive 
committee will meet on Tuesday, Jan. 16, 
morning and afternoon; and separate meet- 
ings will be held the evening of that day. 
Reports of committees will be considered by 
the joint executive committee at its session 
and will come before the annual meeting by 


The Missionary Visitor 


presentation in print; and by brief state- 
ments by the chairmen. Ample time for dis- 
cussion of each report will be allowed. 

The executive committee of the Commis- 
sion on the Church and Race Relations 
voted to seek the observance of a Race Re- 
lations Sunday in 1923, and has considered 
Feb. 11, the Sunday preceding Lincoln's 
birthday, a very appropriate day to call to 
the attention of the white and colored 
churchmen their mutual interests and the 
need for a better understanding between 
the two races. ^ 

The Home Mission Department received 
with appreciation a copy of the Scalp Level 
Visitor, published by the Scalp Level con- 
gregation, Pennsylvania. The hard-work- 
ing pastor is the editor. He hopes by this 
method to reach the hearts of many that 
cannot be reached otherwise. The purpose 
of the paper is significant. " It is published 

in the interest of the religion of Jesus 
Christ." £ 

Also from a country parish, Pine Creek, 
111., comes the Pine Creek Community 
Booster. J. W. Fyock, the busy pastor, is 
the editor. Through this medium he speaks 
every month to the homes of the com- 
munity in a very interesting and helpful 
way. The work of the past in this com- 
munity is called to the attention of the folks, 
and the future program is in print in every 
home for reference. 

Bro. J. H. Moore, of Sebring, Fla., writes 
that the Sebring church has appointed a 
Home Mission Board, the duty of which 
will be to care for the mission field of that 
congregation. This congregation is going 
to reproduce itself, and thus build up a com- 
munity of churches. This is very essential 
for Christian fellowship. Clippings from the 
local paper there indicate also that the 
Church of the Brethren is known through 
the local press. 

Problem of Religious Education at Miami, N. Mexico 

Pastor Church of the Brethren 

THERE is a growing conviction that 
men and women, in order to be equal 
to the strain of our complex and 
highly-organized civilization, must have 
greater spiritual insight and a new moral 
strength. Today men control and manipu- 
late power which would have struck men 
dumb a century ago. Their only safeguard 
from using this power to destroy themselves 
and society is their moral character. 

Dr. Henry Churchill King, president of 
Oberlin College, says: "We need three 
things to make the most of life — character, 
influence and happiness — and these three 
can be gained by Bible study." 

Count Tolstoi, the great Russian, testifies, 
" Without the Bible the education of the 
child today is impossible." The Bible has 
entered into the training of all great char- 
acters. John Ruskin said: "Whatever there 
is of merit in anything I have written is due 
to the fact that when a child my mother 
made me familiar with the English Bible." 
Daniel Webster declared: " If there is any- 

thing of eloquence in me it is because I 
learned the Scripture at my mother's knee." 

A new appreciation of the Old Book and 
growing consciousness of the flagrant crime 
to permit a boy or girl to go out into life 
self-centered and morally illiterate has 
caused a number of communities to under- 
take the problem of correlating religious 
instruction with the public school system. 
These communities are blazing pioneer 
trails and no universal working plan has yet 
evolved. Perhaps this will never be so as 
the problem must be worked out in the 
light of local peculiarities and should ever 
be under the prophetic voice of the church. 

1. The Miami Program 

Besides a well-organized and graded Sun- 
day-school and Vacation Bible School the 
church has correlated religious and moral 
instruction with the high school program. 
The classes meet in the schoolroom, as do 
all other classes. The courses are on the 
same academic basis and the same efficient 


The Missionary Visitor 


standard of work is required as in other 
courses listed in the curriculum. 

2. Subjects Offered 

Hebrew history is offered to the sopho- 
mores and juniors. Who with a proper con- 
cept of educational ideals can question the 
wisdom of this subject being a part of the 
high-school course of study? The Greeks 
gave to the world art, the Romans law, the 
Hebrews a monotheistic religion — a concept 
without which there never would have been 
scientific investigation. Hebrew history is 
more than historical data. It is the pro- 
gressive revelation of God's CHARACTER 
and WILL, and so it must be and is taught 
at Miami. As a text we use "Kent's His- 
tory of the Hebrew People." 

Ethics is offered to the seniors. As only 
a small per cent of high-school graduates 
finish their college work, for them to be 
denied a course in ethics during their high- 
school days simply means that the vast ma- 
jority of our students return to their life 
work with a "sharpened tooth and a longer 
claw" to prey upon the society which has 
made their education possible. Besides the 
teachings of Jesus and numerous outside 
readings we have been using "Wilson's 
Talks on Ethics to Young People." 

3. Does the Work Not Threaten Free 
Conscience and the Prophetic Voice of the 

It does not. The courses are taught by 
the pastor, who is not remunerated out of 
the school funds but paid by the community 
as pastor. The courses are offered as elec- 
tives, so to parents or students to whom the 
work might be objectionable there is no 
compulsion. The school authorities coop- 
erate by placing the courses in the curricu- 
lum of study, giving use of the building; full 
recognition of its merit by granting one- 
half unit of credit to each course. Thus it 
is readily seen that the program is legal and 
not a confusion of church and state. 

This work was started at Miami in 1920, 
so at this writing we are beginning our 
third year of work. — Published by Miami 
Board of Education. C. E. Metzger, F. W. 
Gibson, D. M. Eller. 


Anna Brumbaugh 
The weather in October was hot. This 
is characteristic of the period following the 
heavy monsoons. Soon winter will be 
here, the season we all enjoy so much. 

The general health of the mission family 
for the month has been good. With the 
exception of Sister Jennie Miller, who suf- 
fered from "flu," we have all been quite well. 

This month the all-India Sunday-school 
examination was held. Representatives of 
all our stations sat for it. The results are 
not yet out, but we know they will be ac- 
cording to the efforts put forth. Some can- 
didates will make commendable records, 
while others will not. 

Bhat is a fishing village in the Jalalpor 
district. In its vicinity the mainland is 
constantly being encroached upon by the 
sea. Our school there will soon be swept 
away from its foundation unless moved 
farther back. While this is going on, the 
spiritual foundation of these people is firm. 
Recently seven of them were baptized. 

Brethren Wagoner and Miller and Sister 
Replogle have been spending some time at 
Vyara, under the instruction of Bro. 
Blough, preparatory to taking their second 
year Gujerati examinations. We wish them, 
as well as Sister Shickel, who takes her 
first year examination, glowing success. 

The memorial to Mark M. Hollopeter, 
Rockton, Pa., has recently been completed. 
Mark Hollopeter, a sincere Christian, do- 
nated a sum of money to be used in the ad- 
vancement of God's kingdom in India. Aft- 
erwards he died in camp. The memorial 
consists of pillars and tanks for retaining 
water at the well that is being used at the 
new compound at Anklesvar, where the Vo- 
cational Institution is to be located. 

Bro. Hoffert, with a number of Indian 
brethren, as helpers, has held a number of 
temperance meetings in and around Bulsar. 
There seems to be a good response in a 
number of villages. 

(Continued on Page 24) 



The Missionary Visitor 



©he ©nrkfra' Garner 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

From Chowchilla, Calif., comes a splendid 
offering for Near East Relief. The writer 
of the letter says that, even though they are 
small in numbers, most of them struggling 
to pay for homes, supporting their District 
Mission work, helping their college and rais- 
ing a building fund for a churchhouse in the 
future, yet they want to help the children of 
Armenia. This is especially fine, since the 
whole church is uniting during the month of 
January in this worthy cause. One young 
brother of their church gave $50. The solic- 
itor thought it was too much, but the yoftng 
man said he wanted to give it. 

The Manchester (Ind.) Sunday-school ac- 
cepts the challenge of Frederick (Md.) Sun- 
day-school and will raise $200 or more for 
the Brooklyn Italian church. As this is 
written it is too early to know what other 
schools will meet the challenge to give the 
amount of $200. 

Clothing for Russia. There will be need 
for clothing for the destitute of Russia all 
the winter. The Church of the Brethren is 
cooperating with the Friends, and we are 
consigning clothing shipments to their ware- 
house, where they bale and ship to Russia. 
Address your shipments, Church of the 
Brethren Warehouse, 1521 Cherry St., Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. 

Bro. R. C. Flory writes us a fine big letter 
since he arrived in China from his furlough: 
" It is a mighty pleasant sensation to get 
back home again. I believe we enjoyed it 
more than when we returned to the States. 
Ihere is no place like home — a place where 
you can snuggle up to your fireplace with 
your family around you and also where your 
work and interest is. . . . Things look very 
promising for the future, and I am sure 
going to do my best to assist in bringing the 
life-saving Gospel to these people. Pray for 
us, that we may have the Holy Spirit to in- 

spire and to lead us in all that we do." 
The foregoing is a sample of the interesting 
things found in his letter. 

The Thanksgiving Offering, as this is 
written, Dec. 12, has amounted to $16,000 to 
date. More is coming in. This is the 
amount that has been received strictly for 
mission work. In addition to this a number 
of the churches designated their gift for re- 
lief purposes. 

Success for our Africa Mission is the 

prophecy of Dr. A. L. Warnshius, secretary 
of the International Missionary Council. 
He says that if the Church of the Brethren 
continues to send men like Brethren Helser 
and Kulp, consecrated, and able to direct the 
work, nothing but success can be the result. 
If these men (as we believe them to be) 
are as consecrated and able as Dr. Warn- 
shius pronounces them, only the failure of 
the home church will prevent the estab- 
lishment of the Christian church in the 
section where we are to locate. 

A Prayer Group for Africa. Over in 
Southeastern District of Pennsylvania a 
group of folks have been faithfully praying 
that the way would be opened for the start- 
ing of our mission in Africa, that Brother 
and Sister H. Stover Kulp and other volun- 
teers would be enabled to enter this field, 
and that the necessary funds for the work 
would be given. The answer to the prayer 
is being realized, for the first workers, as 
you will read this, are going northward, en- 
tering Nigeria, and a group of folks, includ- 
ing isolated members of the church, are col- 
lecting money, over and above regular mis- 
sion contributions, that the work be not 
hindered in established fields, and that the 
new Africa work can be launched. 


For six weeks we enjoyed studying the 


The Missionary Visitor 


books on "A Church School of Missions." 
Much interest was shown, and all who par- 
ticipated are looking forward for further 
study. It seemed that up to this time mis- 
sion classes were composed mostly of young 
people, but in this study all ages took part. 

The school met on Friday evening for 
study. The classes were divided into Pri- 
mary, Junior, Young People and 'Adult. 

The primary class was taught by Mrs. Ir- 
vin Seitz. This class did not use a regular 
textbook, but received some helps from the 
United Brethren Missionary Association. 
The lessons consisted of story telling per- 
taining to giving, loving one another, and 
living right; also of picture cutting. 

The juniors were taught by Mr. Lester 
Slauter. About fifteen were enrolled in this 
class. They studied the book, "Wonder of 
India." The children enjoyed this book 
very much. It seemed that not enough time 
could be given to study in order to get the 
greatest success. 

Some of the important points that they 
received were the different customs of the 
people and their way of living. It compared 
their ways with ours, and also gave us an 
idea of what is yet to be done in that land 
for the good of all people. 

The young people's class of twenty was 
taught by Mr. Harry McPherson. The book 
that was studied was "Playing Square with 
Tomorrow," by Fred Eastman. 

We, as young people, have many gigantic 
tasks to complete if America is to fulfill her 
mission among the nations. We have two 
great crossroads fronting us. The question 
is, which one are we going to choose — the 
road of "Service," our life service for the 
Master, or the road of "Self-Interest," by 
following the crowd, which laughs or sneers 
at the one who tries to do what is right? 

The call for more education is greater 
than ever, for there are many, many people 
who need to be taught, in order that they 
may live better and cleaner lives. 

The adult class of twelve, taught by our 
pastor, Rev. W. C. Detrick, studied "From 
Survey to Service," by Paul Douglass. 

The adult class also found its book very 
interesting and did not complete it. The 
class will finish it as soon as the Billy Sun- 
day campaign is over. Meda E# Garber. 


Visitor readers will be interested in the 
items of business transacted by the Board as 
handled in the December meeting, which is 
just over as this is written. We list only 
such items as we believe are of interest gen- 
erally over the Brotherhood. 

The regular routine of the Board was de- 
lightfully interrupted by a box of most de- 
licious nuts, sent by Sisters Mary Schaefrer 
and Grace Clapper, from China. 

Specialized Training for Missionaries 

The Board has had a committee studying 
the question of specialized training for mis- 
sionaries, and as a result of its report the 
following general policies were adopted: 

1. That for the first term of service we 
do not require our new missionary appli- 
cants to have training beyond the A. B. de- 
gree, granting that a proper proportion of 
Bible training has been included in the A. 
B. course. 

2. That more specialized training be given 
on the first furlough. (It is the experience of 
the Board that at the time of the first fur- 
lough, a missionary is in a much better posi- 
tion to take advanced work than previous to 
going to the field.) 

3. For Bible training work, we recom- 
mend that such be taken in our own church 
schools when possible. 

The Board also seriously discussed the 
matter of having a short training school 
each summer for the new outgoing mis- 
sionaries. In such a school it would be 
possible to have as speakers and teachers, 
those who know best the problems in- 
volved in the work and the message the 
home commissions them to give. 

Financial Field Man 

The Board decided not to employ a finan- 
cial field man at this time, but suggests that 
the secretaries in the office give as much 
time as possible in teaching and cultivating 
the field to promote missionary giving. 

The Calgary Missionary Convocation 

The Board decided, at the request of the 
Conference Program Committee, to ask Sis- 
ter Eliza B. Miller, who will be home on 
furlough, and Bro. H. C. Early to give the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conference missionary addresses at Calgary. 
District Mission Board Grants 

Financial help was given to five Districts, 
as follows: Middle Missouri, Southern 
Iowa, Southeastern Kansas, Southwestern 
Missouri, and Idaho and Western Montana. 

Ministerial Relief Grants 

Assistance was given to five aged minis- 
ters who are no longer able to maintain 
their own support. 

Greene County Industrial School 

A report was made concerning the dedi- 
cation of the new Greene County school- 
building, which promises to be a very 
important factor in our Home Mission work 
in Virginia. 

Home Mission Workers 

The following workers have been placed 
in the home field through the activities of 
the Board: Bro. W. J. Horner, at Fort 
Worth, Tex., Bro. E. R. Fisher, at Broad- 
water, Mo., and Bro. Amsey Bollinger, his 
wife and Nelie Wampler, in the Greene 
County school. Also Bro. H. S. Knight, who 
is superintendent of the farm. 

Summer Pastorates 

A report was made, which shows the 
splendid results of the summer pastorates in 
1922. The cost of this work amounted to 
$2,726. The plan of using summer pastor- 
ates for 1923 was approved and the appro- 
priation of $2,500 provided for this work. 

Bro. Williams' Grave at Mombasa 

Report was made that a nice cement cov- 
ering has been placed over Bro. Williams' 
grave at Mombasa, Africa. We believe our 
church is glad to provide this small evidence 
of our appreciation of our departed brother. 

New Missionaries 

Several splendid young people were rec- 
ommended for Conference approval as mis- 

The General Mission Board Budget for 1923 

The urgent mission work of the church 
impelled the Board to approve a budget 
amounting to $400,000, as the missionary 
need for 1923. Of this amount, $150,000 is 
for India; $88,000 for China, and the balance 

of the total amount for Sweden, Denmark, 
Africa, Home Missions, and publications. It 
is estimated that sufficient income will be re- 
ceived from endowments and the Brethren 
Publishing House, so that the amount asked 
of the Brotherhood will be $366,000. This 
is the budget for missions as administered 
by the General Mission Board. 

Furloughs for Missionaries 

Furloughs were granted to the following 
missionaries for 1924: Myrtle Pollock, 
Frank Crumpacker, Mary Schaeffer, and 
Samuel Bowman. It will be a pleasure to 
have these workers fellowshiping for a year 
with us in the homeland. 

Beds for Liao Chou, China, Hospital 

An appropriation of $700 was made to 
purchase beds for our hospital in China. Al- 
though the hospital has been in use for some 
time, they have been using wooden beds, 
which are unsatisfactory, and are to be re- 
placed' by metal beds. It is estimated that 
the cost of the bed, the transportation to the 
field and some minor equipment, amounts 
to $50 each. The Board would be very 
glad to have donors provide the cost of 

Public Health Work in China 

The Board approved a plan for Dr. Fred 
Wampler to do part-time itinerating work in 
our mission territory, giving lectures and 
demonstrations in the interest of more sani- 
tary conditions and better health. This un- 
selfish Christian work creates a wide-open 
door for the evangelist to follow where 
health work has been done. 

New Workers 

The following call for workers in China 
and India was approved, the same to be 
secured as soon as suitable workers can be 


1 man for coast agent and treasurer. 

1 woman evangelist. 

1 kindergartner. 

1 nurse. 

1 Y. M. C. A. man. 


2 doctors. 
2 nurses. 


The Missionary Visitor 


2 evangelists. 

1 educational man. 

3 single women. 

Agricultural Work in China 

The mission in China raises the question 
of establishing an agricultural department of 
its work in China, and the Board deferred 
definite action until further information can 
be secured. 

As we look over the minutes of this busy- 
session of the Board, we cannot but feel the 
responsibility entrusted to us in directing 
the missionary affairs of the church of 100,- 
000 people. We ask an interest in the 
prayers of the Brotherhood, that the work 
may be promoted for the highest good of 
the kingdom of Christ. 


Prayer and Converts. During the Christ- 
mas vacation, 1886, I was preaching at a 
small Baptist church in the west of England. 
At the close of the morning service, a young 
school-teacher, who was aware of my keen 
interest in foreign missions, requested me to 
join with her in praying that God would 
give a hundred converts on the Congo be- 
fore midsummer day. 

I reminded her that that was a big prayer, 
for although the Baptist Missionary Society 
had been working on the Congo for fully 
ten years there had been practically no 
visible results. Many lives had been laid 
down; Hartland, Doke, Butcher, Comber 
and others had made the supreme sacrifice, 
but converts were practically nil. To pray 
for one hundred converts within six months 
seemed like praying for the impossible, but 
"all things are possible to him that be- 
lieveth," and with Matt. 18 : 19 before us we 
covenanted together to pray thus definitely 
for God's blessing upon the work, up till 
then attended with so much danger and 

Long before midsummer God's Spirit was 
outpoured upon the church at San Salvador 
and there was a great ingathering. I believe 
the actual number baptized was one hundred 
and one. 

It is significant that when Elijah, on the 
top of Mount Carmel, prayed for rain, after 
many intercessions and much waiting there 

came "a little cloud out of the sea, LIKE 
A MAN'S HAND." Why like a man's 
hand? I do not know, unless it was to show 
that man had a hand in the coming of the 
showers which were so soon to fall upon 
the parched land. 

We need more pair meetings which be- 
come prayer meetings. " If two of you 
shall agree on earth as touching anything 
that they shall ask, it shall be done for them 
of my Father which is in heaven." — George 
A. Huntley, M. D., Oberlin, Ohio. 


(Continued from Page 20) 

In this land there are always those try- 
ing to profit from the ignorance and super- 
stition of the people, but fortunately they 
are always found out. Following are two 
examples, reported by Sister Ebey of Ahwa: 

" A few weeks ago, one of the shopkeep- 
ers of Ahwa brought several sacks of cocoa- 
nuts from the railway. He refused to sell to 
any who would not promise to> sacrifice to 
the demon that is supposed to be torment- 
ing the people of the villages. However, 
when the head official learned of it, the 
shop was placed under police control and 
the cocoanuts sold at a reasonable price." 

'"The goddess has come! The goddess 
has come to town!' With a shout and a 
rush, people — men, women and children — 
hurried to the government quarters, where 
stood a gentle, old buffalo cow, with her 
forehead marked with streaks of red. This 
was the goddess, and the people bowed and 
worshiped and were about to bring offerings 
of cocoanuts and grain. 

" Some crafty ' Ghantes,' merchants from 
Nasik District, taking advantage of the ig- 
norance and superstition of the simple 
Dangis, had brought in this cow goddess 
and instructed the people to sell their goats 
and chickens and grain for a mere pittance. 
These same merchants, who robbed the 
people of their few animals, sold cocoanuts 
for four times the proper price, saying the 
goddess must have offerings of cocoanuts, 
lest she bring sickness and death to their 
homes. From village to village, these avari- 
cious merchants slyly followed the goddess 
and fleeced the people. But when the god- 
dess came to Ahwa, government officers laid 
hold of her, held a public auction and sold 
the goddess for thirty rupees. The goddess 
in a single hour became a domestic animal 
and the country was rid of a public nuisance. 
The people rejoice that the goddess comes 
no more to do them harm. From reports, 
this goddess visited Vyara, also." 


The Missionary Visitor 


The "Juniata" bungalow at Bulsar, which 
was condemned as unfit for living purposes, 
has been found capable of repair. Bro. 
Lichty, while recuperating from his late ill- 
ness, is overseeing the work. 

A very spiritual and beneficial Sunday- 
school meeting was held at Vada the latter 
part of the month. One of Mr. Annett's 
representatives was the chief speaker 
throughout the sessions. Mr. Annett is a 
well-recognized Sunday-school worker 
throughout all India. 

Drs. Cottrell opened their work in the dis- 
pensary Oct. 1, and were nearly over- 
whelmed with work that day. They are 
kept very busy. ^ 

Sister Eliza Miller returns to her station, 
after spending a pleasant vacation at Lan- 
dour. Sister Brumbaugh returns after a de- 
lightful six weeks in Poona. 

The following interesting incident comes 
from Ahwa: 

" One of our schoolboys went with his 
father to bring home a hand mill for use 
in their home. Several others from our 
Christian community went with them, to 
visit relatives in the little kingdom of Sur- 
gana, which borders on the Dang states. 
As they were passing by the raja's (native 
king's) palace, they stopped to see some 
jugglers performing tricks. The king, who 
is notorious for drunkenness and cruelty, 
seeing the boy with one of the Christian 
men who had been one of the raja's serv- 
ants, had them arrested and thrown into 
prison. The father and others tried to ex- 
plain who they were, and begged for their 
release, but the raja refused to release them 
until they brought a letter from the mis- 
sionary. When he received the letter stat- 
ing that the boy belonged to our school and 
the man was a farmer, whose crops needed 
attention, they were promptly released." 


The mission family are all looking for- 
ward to the coming of Brother and Sister 
Long and our new worker, Sister Wolf. 
We hope to see them soon. 

Our mission isn't the only one which 
loses workers now and then. A short time 
ago the Rev. L. S. Gates, of the American 
Congregational Mission, met a tragic death, 
being struck by an enraged Mohammedan. 
He had a deep wound inflicted on his leg 
and shoulder which, entailing the loss of so 

much blood before he could get medical 
aid, caused his death, rather suddenly. He 
had served in his mission, south of Bombay, 
for forty-seven years, and had done excel- 
lent service, known far around in the land, 
as such. Less than two years ago his son, 
also a missionary, met a tragic death, while 
motorcycling in the Western Ghats. This 
is the third death of its kind this year in 
mission circles, each time taking valuable 
mission men. In March, Dr. Shelton, among 
the Thibetans; July 27, Mr. Tom Dobson, 
of the Scottish Mission, at the hands of an 
Arab; and Rev. Gates, as above stated, by a 
half demented Moslem. 

Plague rats are reported as dying at the 
boys' school near Dahanu. Dr. Cottrell in- 
oculated the boys, and we are hoping noth- 
ing serious will result. 

" The true missionary must not only have 
a message, but he must be the living em- 
bodiment of that message and the incarna- 
tion of the truth which he teaches." 

" God wants many saved, but he wants 
you and me to be saviors." 

" We can never serve God without serving 
humanity." ^ ^ 

"The great life is the life that hears; the 
little life is the life that catches not the 
voice divine." & & 

" If the missionary passages were to be 
cut out of the New Testament it would 
bleed to death, for it is a missionary Volume 
from beginning to end." 

" The life of Jesus in the human soul is 
revealed by him who has prepared himself 
by long communion with Jesus to show it 
forth to the world." 

" If I toil hard to save my soul, it may 
be that I shall succeed, but of one thing I 
am sure, that if I give my life to save the 
soul of another, there will never be a ques- 
tion about my own salvation. ' He that 
loseth his life the same shall save it.' " 

" They are never far from home who are 
at home with God, and who have the sym- 
pathy of human hearts." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Across the fields he gaily comes, 
Accompanied by windy drums; 
Heigho! New Year, we need your tunes 
To cheer us up for twelve more moons. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: Some of our mis- 
sionary friends have told us about the circle 
"By the Evening Lamp," and I thought I 
would like to join it. I am eleven years old, 
and the boarding school here at the mission 
is the only home that I know. Perhaps some 
will think, "How sad," but I wish you could 
see the village where I came from. It is 
not far from here, on the bank of a stag- 
nant pond in which so many mosquitoes 
breed that some one has fever all the time. 
But that is not the worst. 

Every little girl of my age wears a red 
dot in the middle of her forehead which 
means that she is married. Some of them 
are now living in their husband's home, and 
I have often heard them cry because their 
mothers-in-law were so cruel to them. Then 
I feel that I never want to get married. 
But again I see how happy our Madam 
Sahebs are and how kind their husbands 
are that I think — just now Miss Saheb saw 
what I was writing about and said that I 
had better write about something else when 
I write to Juniors, because in America 
children do not marry. 

So I will tell something about our Sun- 
day-schook About a year ago it was de- 
cided that we were to have our opening 
exercises separate. We didn't know what 
that meant, except that we were to go in a 
different room, but we found out. When 
our superintendent read from the Bible, she 
read to us; when she talked, she talked to 
us — it was all our very own. Then our 
songs! We always did like to sing, although 
we didn't always understand what they 
meant. But now we have songs that we 

One time our superintendent read about 
Jesus the Good Shepherd, and the first thing 
we knew we were singing it. Then she asked 
where the sheep went when the shepherd 
called. We said, "They follow him," and 
then to the same tune we sang, "Follow 
me, Follow me, Follow me, that's what 
Jesus says." At first we older girls thought 

it was babyish, but we saw the boys of our 
class singing and we were not going to let 
them get ahead of us. We have many more 
verses now and love to sing them. 

Last week the superintendent of the main 
department said that we should conduct the 
opening exercises for them on the following 
Sunday. So last Sunday we went in with 
the larger folks. First we repeated the 
verse about the Lord being in his Holy 
Temple. Some who were whispering stopped 
at f once. Then we sang a song that was 
really a prayer. Our teacher said you sing 
it too. It starts out, "Father, we thank thee 
for the night." For our Scripture reading 
we read a part of the Psalm that tells about 
God's loving kindness enduring forever. Our 
superintendent read the first part of the 
verses and we always repeated the "reasons." 
I wonder how many of you know which 
one that is. She talked a little to us about 
God's gifts, then we sang another song that 
you sing. In this one we praise the Lord 
for our schools, teachers, homes and every- 
thing we can think of. One girl said we 
should praise him for our songs. After 
this three of our girls led in prayer, then 
we gave our offering, singing, "Our bodies, 
hearts and money, Lord, we lay at your 

Then we went to our classes wondering 
what our story was going to be about. 

My letter is long, but this is our very first 

From one of your Indian Juniors. 

Mary Speicher Shull. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India. 

While a zero wind is howling around the 
house, we are doubly glad to welcome a 
warm breath from the tropics. We are so 
interested in your descriptions, Mary, that 
we don't mind the mosquito bites. Come as 
often as you can. 

Two little girls were starting out to play. 
One insisted on going to a place some 
distance away. " Why do you want to go 
so far?" asked the other. " So that if 
mama calls me I won't hear her," was the 
candid reply. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Hidden Missionaries (in India) 

1. It tastes like vinegar, nervous people 

2. Hannibal, Mo., was his last address. 

3. He gave a small sum, merely for char- 

4. I wish a melon; get it for me. 

5. He went to the picnic keyed up for fun. 

6. Three little burros strayed away. 

7. He doctored his wart zealously. 

8. Water makes a stove rusty. 


I am composed of eight letters. 
My first is in green, but not in blue. 
My next is in awl, but not in screw. 
My third is in haze, but not in mist. 
My fourth is in hand, but not in fist. 
My fifth is in gray, but not in black. 
My sixth is in pile, but not in stack. 
My seventh is in wheat, but not in rye. 
My eighth is in dough, but not in pie. 
My whole is a famous town of ancient 

(Answers next month) 

November Nuts Cracked 

Enigma. Nehemiah. 

A Fish Pond. 1. Halibut. 2. Mackerel. 
3. Pickerel. 4. Sardine. 5. Salmon. 6. 
Sucker. 7. Bullhead. 8. Grayling. 

Curtailments. 1. Dane — Dan. 2. Ruth — 
rut. 3. Mark — mar. 4. Palm — pal. 5. Warm 
— war. 6. Damp — dam. 7. Card — car. 8. 
Leaf — lea. 

December Nuts Cracked 
A Christmas Dinner. 1. Turkey. 2. Pota- 
to. 3. Cranberry. 4. Pumpkin. 5. Pudding. 
6. Custard. 7. Piccalilli. 8. Mayonnaise. 

9. Gingerbread. 10. Doughnuts. 11. Mince 
pie. 12. Chocolate. 13. Ice cream. 14. 

Transformations. 1. Plum — glum. 2. 
Peach — teach. 3. Rose — nose. 4. Lily — 
wily. 5. Dog — hog. 6. Bear — dear. 7. 
Gull — dull. 8. Dove — cove. 9. Barn — darn. 

10. Shop — chop. 

Crossword. — Christmas. 

It is not often that the very essence of 
Christianity is so clearly expressed as it 
was in the case of a foreigner, who, strug- 
gling with the difficulties of the English 
language, had to parse the verb " to love." 
He wrote it down as the perfect tense of 
the verb " to live." Love is indeed life 
perfected. — Tertius. 

"The quickest way to get on to your feet 
is to get on to your knees." 



* **asf ^Fsp* -■ 

HE? - • * 


Jennie B. Miller 

I know that as you look at this picture 
you are wondering — What is this little fel- 
low's name? How old is he? Was he once 
a little beggar boy? Was he put in the 
Boarding School because he has neither 
father nor mother? 

I will not let you wonder very long. This 
little boy's name is Joseph. But we call 
him Yuseph in Gujarati. He says he is five 
years old, never was a beggar boy and does 
not want to be. He is just a good little boy, 
who has always - been loved by his father 
and mother, brothers and sisters and the 
missionary children. 

Yuseph is a leader among the other 
children. He likes to be captain on the sand 
pile. He likes to play better than work. 
But who wouldn't rather play when there 
are other folks around to work? However, 
we must not get the idea that Yuseph does 
not do what his father and mother tell him 
to do. I never saw children sit "straighter" 
in church than Yuseph and his brother. I 
often see Yuseph sweeping the house and 


The Missionary Visitor 


scouring the cooking pans. But Yuseph is 
like all boys. He would rather be outside 
and help eat the "keecherdee" his little 
friends cook on a play "chula" out of doors. 

This "keecherdee" is a sort of rice with 
other grains mixed with it. It is a food 
loved by all the Indian folks and most of 
the missionaries. I am sure you can all 
make a "chula." The Indian children just 
dig out a small hole in the ground, and place 
three rather large stones around the edge of 
the hole. That is their "chula." Then they 
bring out a pan from one of their homes 
and put it on top of the stones. In this pan 
is imaginary "keecherdee." If the cooking 
pan is delayed on the way by a father, 
mother or an older brother or sister, a small 
square board or stone will do instead. 

Yuseph is not all boy either; for he likes 
to wrap up a stick in a piece of cloth and 
call it a dolly. Our Indian children do not 
have nice dollies to play with like the 
American children have except what they 
may receive at Christmas time. But they 
perhaps get just as much pleasure out of the 
homemade "dolly." 

One of Yuseph's chief pleasures is to 
come to the bungalow and play with the 
children here. His father does not allow 
him to come often. But sometimes he comes 
on an errand; and then the verandah swing 
is too much of a temptation. But he is 
always polite. He swings the "Missy" long 
and high and then asks if he may sit in the 
swing and enjoy the same treat. 

One day Yuseph came to the bungalow as 
you see him in the picture. His belongings 
were all packed nicely, and perhaps each 
with a tear, into the tin box that you see on 
the step in the picture. "Well! Where are 
you going?" I asked. I .got no response, 
only a smile that you don't see in the 
picture. He was going to "Boarding." He 
was on his way to the station to go to the 
Bulsar Boys' Boarding School. He had 
come to give the Madam Saheb good-bye. 
I was glad to see him before he left our 
little group of children. To show him that 
the Madam Saheb cared for him and would 
be interested in him while he was away 
from us, I put an orange in his hand. He 
was pleased at once; for oranges are a treat 
to the Indian children. When the camera 

was brought for a picture, the smile "came 
off." Perhaps yours would too if you had 
not been before a camera any oftener than 

So Yuseph bade his mother and father, 
brothers and sisters good-bye and was off 
to Bulsar, where many other little boys 
play and learn in school. When he was 
asked as to where he came from, he would 
reply "I came from the new bungalow at 
Anklesvar." He meant that his home was 
on the new compound instead of at the old 
compound where all the Anklesvar Chris- 
tians used to live. 

Yuseph kept on having a fine time with 
the other boys. He was a favorite among 
the boys and the teachers as well. Finally 
the time for vacation was at hand. At vaca- 
tion time the boys who have parents else- 
where or relatives usually take up their tin 
boxes or trunks and their books and go 
home for a short time. Yuseph had not seen 
his "home folks" since he left, so he was 
glad to pack his box again; and with his 
books on his shoulder, he was aboard the 
train for home. 

If you think the Indian fathers and 
mothers do not love their children as your 
parents do you, you should have seen 
Yuseph's mother go to meet her little boy, 
who was away from her longer than any 
time before. The father brought him from 
the train, and of course carried his tin box. 
But Yuseph carried his books himself; for 
he was so eager to show them to his mother. 

When his mother came in sight over the 
little knoll, he ran as fast as his little legs 
could carry him to meet her. I am sure 
too that the mother's pace was not slack- 
ened. It did not take long for her strong 
mother arms to surround him and a kiss of 
joy was planted on his warm cheek. There 
were tears, too, but tears of joy. Her boy 
was with her again. They hastened to the 
little home where the baby brother and his 
younger brother were waiting with cheery 
faces to see their "big brother" who would 
play with them again as he used to. 

Anklesvar, Brpach Dist., India. 

" Our lives hang by a single thread, but 
that thread is held by a Father's hand." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tract Distribution. During the month of Novem- 
ber the Board sent out 5,601 tracts. 

Conference Offering. The Conference (Forward 
Movement) offering for the year ending Feb. 28, 
1923, at this time stands as follows: 
Cash received all funds since March 1, 1922, $133,663.43 
Pledges outstanding, 31,186.55 

Total $164,849.98 

October Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during November: 

Arkansas — $10.00 

First Dist., Indv. : W. H. Clark, $ 10 00 

California— $16.35 

So. Dist., Cong.: Orville C. Ogle (Glen- 
dora) $6.35; A Brother & Sister (Pomona) 

$10.00, 16 35 

Idaho— $18.68 

S. S. : "Truth Seekers' Class," Nampa, 
$8.68; Indv.: Mrs. W. C. Addison & Mrs. 
Lillian Morrisey in memory of their mother 

Lizzie Green, $10, 18 68 

Illinois— $41.80 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $18.55; No. 
60034 Louisa (Waddams Grove) $1; R. D. 
Dierdorff (Mt. Morris) $15; Neal Whitehead 
(Chicago) $2.25, 36 80 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. R. A. Forney (Hud- 
son), 5 00 

Indiana— $235.78 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Kewanna, $5.37; Monti- 
cello, $5.85; Pleasant View, $73; Wm. J. 
Tinkle, (Portland) $5; Viola Priser (Spring 
Creek) $.25; Claude H. Leslie (Spring Creek) 
$10; S. S.: Primary Dept., Loon Creek, $5, 104 47 

No. Dist., Cong.: Yellow Creek, $42.81; 
Samuel B. Reppert & Wife (English Prairie) 
$40 82 81 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rossville, $37; Mrs. Geo. 
Kitch (Lick Creek) $5; J. A. Miller (M. 

N) $.50; Indv.: No. 60099, $6, ■ 48 50 

Iowa— $37.13 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: S. B. Miller (M. N.) 
(Cedar Rapids) $.50; S. S. : Bagley (Coon 
River) $10.23, 10 73 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elsie J. Hersch (So. 
Waterloo) $5; Indv.: Mary D. Welty, $5, 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, $8.40; Mrs. 
Mattie Johnston (Franklin) $3; Indv.: Mrs. 

Geo. M. Replogle, $5, 16 40 

Kansas— $27.75 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mary Hickerson, (Mc- 
Louth) $5; E. D. Steward (M. N.) (Abilene) 
$.50; Indv.: W. W. Peebler, $10 15 50 

N. W. Dist., Unknown donor of Salina, 5.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (McPherson) 

$5; Mrs. J. R. Trimmer (Miami) $2.25, 7 25 

Maryland— $35.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: S. D. Glick (Washington) 
$8; Mrs. D. A. Ebaugh (Meadow Branch) 
$2, 10 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Welsh Run, 15 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: H. S. Coleman (Cherry 

Grove) 10 00 

Michigan— $11.13 

Cong.: Rev. Arthur O. Mote (M. N.) 
(Detroit) $.50; Lake View Cong. & S. S., 

$10.63, 11 13 

Misouri— $22.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, $10; 
A Sister (Warrensburg) $2 12 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mary J. Mays (Cedar 

County), 10 00 

Montana — $2.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grand View, 2 00 

Nebraska— $17.95 

Cong.: A Brother (Octavia) $12; A Sister 
(Silver Lake) $2.50; S. S. : Kearney, $3.45, 17 95 

New Mexico— $79.40 

Cong.: Clovis, $24.40; Ira Shively (Clovis) 

$50; Indv.: Cora Brower, $5, 79 40 

North Carolina— $4.50 

Indv.: Mattie Smawley, 4 St 

North Dakota— $55.80 

Cong.: Williston, $35.80; D. T. Dierdorff 
(M. N.) (Surrey) $.50; G. I. Michael (M. 
N.) (Kenmare) $.50; Aid Soc. : Williston, $19, 55 80 

Ohio— $267.28 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton Center, $47.01; 
John H. Kahler & Wife (E. Chippewa) $25; 
No. 60128 (New Philadelphia) $25; Alfred & 
Elizabeth J. Longanecker (Zion Hill) $10; 
J. S. Leckrone (Jonathan Creek) $5; A Sister 
(Mohican) $8; Indv.: M. E. Dell, $1, 121 01 

N. W. Dist., Cong. : "Logan, $5; Silver 
Creek, $60.89; Lydia Fried (Lick Creek) 
$10; S. S. : "Perseverance Band" (Green 
Spring) $8, 83 89 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rush Creek, $16.20; 
Ash Grove, $3.50; Mrs. Fanny Sotzing (W. 
Milton) $5; Mrs. H. S. Chalfont (Beech 
Grove) $6; No. 31 (Greenville) $11.08; S. S. : 
Shepherd (W. Charleston) $10; Bethel (Sa- 
lem) $10.60, 62 38 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

S. S.: "Helping Hand" Class and Teach- 
er, Clovis, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $292.35 

E. Dist., Cong.: P. H. Zendt (Hatfield) 
$50; Mrs. John Rodecker (Lake Ridge) $5; 
Nathan Martin (M. N.) (Lebanon) $.50; 
S. S.: Paxton (Big Swatara) $5; Indv.: No. 
60081, $25, 85 50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary A. Kinsey (Dun- 
nings Creek) $10; Margaret Coble (James 
Creek) $10; Elizabeth Over (New Enterprise) 
$5, 25 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: H. T. Shallenberger & 
Wife (Lost Creek) $5; Mrs. B. E. Byers 
(Lower Cumberland) $2; Mrs. Mary E. 
Bashore (Lost Creek) $3; Amanda Krisseng- 
er (Lost Creek) $5; Indv.: Mrs. Mattie F. 
Hollinger, $3, 18 00 

S. E. Dist., Indv.: D. G. Hendricks, 5 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Elk Lick, $53.35; Middle 
Creek, $10; I. M. Schrock & Wife, Rayman 
(Brothers valley) $25; J. Lloyd Nedrow (M. 
N.) Conemaugh (Johnstown $.50; John Ja- 
coby & Wife (Plum Creek) $50; Aid Soc: 

Geiger, $20, 158 85 

Sweden— $49.50 

Cong. : Vanneberga, 49 50 

Virginia— $13.67 

First Dist., Cong.: Oakvale, 2 17 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Valley Bethel 11 50 

Total for the month, $ 1,243 07 

Total previously reported, 25,061.95 

Total for the year, $26,305.02 

Illinois— $70.00 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 

Bible School $ 70 00 

Pennsylvania— $7.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Esther Kreps (Cov- 
entry), 7 00 

Total for the month, $ 77 00 

Total previously reported, 2,402 43 

Total for the year, $ 2>479 43 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $2254)0 

No. Dist., Aid Societies 225 00 

Iowa— $57.00 
No. Dist., Aid Societies, 57 00 

Kansas— $12.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Oakland (Topeka), 12 00 

Maryland— $145.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: So. Brownsville 
(Brownsville) $10; Hagerstown, $65; Pleas- 
ant View, $65; Berkeley, $5, 145 00 

Michigan — $30.00 

Aid Societies, 30 00 

Ohio — $133.60 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies, 133 60 

Pennsylvania— $125.95 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, i HI 10 

W. Dist., Aid Soc: Uniontown (Georges 

Creek), 14 85 

Virginia— $50.00 

Sec Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant Valley. 
(Dorm. Equip.), 50 00 

Total for the month $ 778 55 

Total previously reported, 360 28 

Total for the year, $ 1,138 83 


Pennsylvania— $50.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: P. H. Zendt (Hatfield), 50 00 

Total for the month $ 50 00 

Total previously reported 380 18 

Total for the year $ 430 18 


Illinois— $10.00 ■ ' . 

So. Dist., S. S.: Young Mothers' Class 

( Virden), $ 

Pennsylvania— $200.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc. 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Lewistown (Dorm. 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: First Philadelphia 
(Dorm. Equipt.) $50; Germantown (Dorm. 
Equipt.) $50, 

Ephrata (Dorm. 

10 00 

50 00 

100 00 

Total for the month $ 210 00 

Total previously reported, 328 27 

Total for the year, $ 538 27 


Pennsylvania— $200.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, . .$ 200 00 

Total for the month $ 200 00 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 200 00 


Iowa — $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Rebecca C. Miller 100 

Michigan— $10.00 

Indv.: Ruth Vaniman, 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $24.18 

E. Dist., S. S.: D. V. S. Elizabethtown, .. 5 18 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Huntingdon (Children's 
School), 10 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Eastville (Sugar Valley), 9 00 

Virginia— $5.60 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. Mill Creek 5 60 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported 

40 78 
722 19 

Total for the year $ 762 97 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: J. E. Young, 

Indiana — $20.00 

No. Dist., S. S. 

Guardian " Class, No. 

Michigan — $10.00 

Cong.: W. R. Miller & Wife (Onekama), 
Vir g inia— $1454)0 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Western (Mill Creek) 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: W. F. Walter (Barren 

Ridge) $70; Aid Soc: Bridgewater, $40, .... 

20 00 
10 00 
35 00 
110 00 

Total for the month, $ 185 00 

Total previously reported, 1,118 54 

Total for the year, $1,303 54 

Indiana — $304)0 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Loon 

Creek, " 30 90 

Iowa — $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, 5 00 

Ohio— $1.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Logan, 100 

Pennsylvania — $40.18 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Spring Run, 10 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, 25 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Morrellville 5 18 

Virginia — $35.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc. : Pleasant Valley 35 00 

Total for the month, $ 112 08 

Total previously reported, 1,662 65 

Total for the year, $1,774 73 

California — $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Empire, 

Indiana— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Manchester, 

Kansas— $12.50 

S. W. Dist., C. W. Band: Larned, 

Maryland — $75.00 

E. Dist., Cong. : Amanda L. Ausherman 
(Middletown Valley) $50; S. S. : Edgewood, 


Minnesota— $12.50 

S. S. Elementary Dept., Monticello, 

Nebraska— $10.00 

C. W. S.: Alvo, 

Ohio— $150.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Beech Grove (Chip- 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleasant 
Hill) $50; S. S.: " Berean Bible Class" W. 

Dayton, $50 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, 

Wisconsin — $12.50 

Cong. : Owen L. Harley (White Rapids), 

25 00 

100 00 

12 50 

75 00 

12 50 

10 00 

50 00 

100 00 
25 00 
12 50 

Total for the month $ 422 50 

Total previously reported 3,524 67 

Total for the year $3,947 17 

Michigan— $175.00 

S. S.'s of Mich 

175 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

175 00 

10 00 

Total for the year, $ 175 00 

California— $150.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : M. F. Brumbaugh 
(Glendora) (for support of Chiao Yu and 
Su Chen) $60; Bro. & Sister F. Hepner 
(Glendora) (for support of Wang Yen Fang) 
$60; S. S.: Elder Sisters' Bible Class, Glen- 
dora (for support of Li Chu Jung) $30 150 00 

Colorado — $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Indv. : " In memory of our 
dear mother, Theresa Lohmiller," 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Iowa— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Rebecca C. Miller, 

Kansas— $6.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Paint Creek, 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Cong.: A Sister (Silver Lake) 

Pennsylvania — $35.00 
Mid. Dist., S. S.: Huntingdon, 

2 00 

6 00 

5 00 

35 00 

and Junior Classes, Ottawa, 

38 22 

Total for the month, $ 203 00 

Total previously reported, 1,602 13 

Total for the year, .„ $ 1,805 13 


Kansas — $7.60 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Xo. 60077 (Morrill), 

Oregon— $7.60 

Cong.: No. 60078 (Portland), rV. 

7 60 
7 60 

Total for the month, $ 15 20 

Total previously reported, 417 64 

Total for the year, $ 432 84 


Indiana — $30.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, 

Cedar Lake 

Michigan— $11.00 

Aid Soc. : So. Woodland (Woodland), .... 

Pennsylvania— $2.59 

W. Dist., S. S.: Morrellville, 

30 00 
11 00 
2 59 

Total for the month, : $ 43 59 

Total previously reported, 957 98 

Total for the year, $ 1,001 57 


Michigan— $11.00 

Aid Soc: So. Woodland (Woodland), 11 00 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: A Sister (Silver Lake), 2 50 

Ohio— $10.10 

So. Dist., S. S.: W. Dayton, $7.10; C. W. 

S.: Jr. E. Dayton, $3 10 10 

Pennsylvania— $2.59 

W. Dist., S. S.: Morrellville * 2 59 

Total for the month, $ 26 19 

Total previously reported, 423 47 

Total for the year, $ 449 66 

California— $67.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Community Helpers" 
Class, McFarland, 

So. Dist., S. S. : Hermosa Beach, $25; Mis- 
sionary Class, Covina, $37.50, 

Colorado— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Haxtun 

Indiana — $25.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S. : Xappanee, 

Iowa— $31.25 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Greene, 
$6.25; Volunteer Class, Waterloo City, $25, 
North Dakota— $25.00 

S. S. : Kenmare, 

Ohio— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Church Pillars" Class, 

New Mexico— $15.80 
S. S. : "Comrades" Class, Miami, 

5 00 

62 50 

50 00 

25 00 

31 25 

25 00 

10 00 

15 80 

Total for the month $ 224 55 

Total previously reported, 1,288 58 

Total for the year, $ 1,513 13 

Kansas— $38.22 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Beginners, Primary 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 

Indiana — $30.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Wm. J. Tinkle (Port- 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Four Mile 

Iowa — $20.00 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Elsie J. Hersch (So. 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Liberty ville, 

Maryland— $111.05 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fulton Ave., Baltimore, 
Michigan — $2.00 

Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: A Sister (Silver Lake), 

New York— $2.00 

Indv.: D. L. Cripe & Family, 

Ohio— $20.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: John Culler (Hart- 

So. Dist., Cong.: A. D. Coate (Green- 

Oregon— $35.00 

Cong.: Newberg, $10; Portland, $25, 

Pennsylvania — $1,326.03 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mountville, $100; Mingo, 
$77.22; Ridgely, $30.71; Indian Creek, $137.05; 
W. Green Tree, $132.54; Lancaster, $30; 
Ephrata, $10; Kathryn Ziegler, (Mingo) $10; 
Franklin Buckwalter, (Lancaster) $12; 
S. S. Palmyra, $320; Midway, $30; Young 
Men's Bible Class, Spring Creek, $5; " Hope- 
ful Class" Spring Creek, $5; Aid Soc: 
Palmyra, $50; Mountville, $25; W. Green 
Tree, $10, ' 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geiger Mem. (Phila- 
delphia) $10; Christian Endeavor Soc, Park- 
er Ford, $25, 

W. Dist, Cong.: Plum Creek, $18.70; H. 
F. Holsinger & Wife (Rummel) $20; W. D. 
Keller, Conemaugh (Johnstown) $35; Walnut 

Grove (Johnstown) $232.81 

Tennessee — $5.00 

Indv.: A Sister, 

Virginia— $15.25 

E. Dist., S. S. : Dranesville (Fairfax), .... 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

38 22 
37 00 

75 22 

5 00 
25 00 

5 00 
15 00 

111 05 

2 00 

2 50 

2 00 

15 00 

5 00 

35 00 

984 52 

35 00 

306 51 

5 00 

15 25 

1,568 83 
3,073 71 

Total for the year, $ 4,642 54 

Ohio— $1.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Marie Zellner (Rich- 

1 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

1 00 
736 85 

Total for the year, $ 737 85 

Iowa— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Class No. 10, Dallas 

Center, 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $115.60 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, 115 60 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

130 60 

Total for the year $ 130 60 

Indiana— $20.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Yellow River 20 00 

Iowa— $25.90 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Waterloo City, 25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Kansas — $5.00 

S. W. Dist., Indv. : Kate Yost, 5 00 

Missouri— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Warrensburg), 2 00 

West Virginia— $10.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Geo. T. & K. E. Leath- 

erman, (White Pine), . . 10 00 

Wiscon s in — $50 .00 

Cong.: J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 112 00 

Total previously reported, 25 85 

Total for the year, $ 137 85 

Iowa — $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Rebecca C. Miller, .... 2 00 

Ohio— $512.03 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Hartville, $70; Green- 
wood, $10.27; Richland, $12.30; Goshen, $30.06; 
Owl Creek, $48.10; No. Bend, $81.45; Hart- 
ville, $259.85, 512.03 

Total for the month, 514 03 

Total previously reported, 695 53 

Total for the year, $ 1,209 56 

Illinois— $12.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 12 00 

Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, 25 00 

Virginia— $6.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smith Creek, 6 00 

Total for the month, 43 00 

Total previously reported 19,322 11 

Total for the year, $19,365 11 

Calif ornia— $50 .00 

,No. Dist., Reedley 50 00 

Illinois— $295.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 295 50 

Indiana— $198.32 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : Flora, 20 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sec. So. Bend, $21; 
Bremen, $55; Congs. of No. Ind., $98.72, ... 173 82 

So. Dist., Cong.: White, $3.50; Mrs. D. 

H. Thomas, (Ladoga) $1, 4 50 

Missouri — $3.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Warrensburg, 3 00 

Nebraska— $26.00 

Cong.: Ida Ward (So. Loup), 26 00 

Ohio— $401.80 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Akron, $95.40; Black 
River, $45; Owl Creek, $29, 169 40 

So. Dist., Cong.: W. Charleston, $217.40; 
Jacob S. Petry (Prices Creek) $10; Ft. 

McKinley, $5 232 40 

Pennsylvania— $269.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Woodbury, 269 CO 

Tennessee— $21.00 

Cong. : New Hope, 21 00 

Virginia— $150.62 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Valley Bethel, 36 85 

So. Dist., Congs., 113 77 

Total for the month, $ 1,415 24 

Total previously reported, 51,458 19 

Total for the year, $52,873 43 

Ohio— $15.61 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Canton Center, 15 61 

Total for the month, $ 15 61 

Total previously reported, 86 35 

Total for the year, $ 10196 


California— $37.50 

So. Dist., Covina Missionary Class for 

Delbert Vaniman, 37 50 

Colorado— $225.00 

N. E. Dist., S. G. Nickey (Haxtun) for 

Dr. B. M. Nickey, 225 00 

Illinois— $609.59 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris College Missionary 
Soc. for D. J. Lichty, $225; Cherry Grove S. 
S. (No. 111. S. S.) for Kathryn Garner, $22; 
Franklin Grove for Mae Wolf, $340.09, 587 09 

So. Dist., Primary & Junior Depts. of De- 
catur S. S. for lone Butterbaugh, 22 50 

Indiana — $320.00 

Mid. Dist., Pipe Creek Cong, for Anna M. 
Forney, 140 00 

No. Dist., Walnut S. S. for A. T. Hoffert, 180 00 
Iowa— $265.71 

Mid. Dist., S. S. for S. Ira Arnold 115 71 

No. Dist., Waterloo City S. S. for Mary 
Shull, 150 00 

Maryland— $328.22 

Mid. Dist. S. S. for H. B. Garner and B. 
F. Summer, 328 22 

Michigan— $267.00 

S. S. of Mich, for Pearl Bowman, $195; 
Primary Classes of S. S.'s for Daniel H. 
Bowman, : . 267 00 

Nebraska— $30.00 

Bethel Cong, for Raymond C. Flory, .... 30 00 
Ohio— $249.04 

N. W. Dist., Pleasant View S. S. for Ellen 
H. Wagoner, 225 00 

So. Dist., Bethel S. S. (Salem) for Esther 
Bright, 24 04 

Pennsylvania — $712.50 

E. Dist., Richland Cong, for B. Mary 
Royer, $225; Conestoga Cong, for Leah S. 
Glasmire, $225; Elizabethtown Cong, for 
Bessie M. Rider, $225, 675 00 

Mid. Dist., Francis Baker (Everett Cong.) 
for Feme Coffman, 37 50 

Total for the month, $ 3,044 56 

Total ( previously reported, 22,591 22 

Total for the year, $25,63578 


Indiana— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc. : Spring Creek, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 
W. Dist., Aid Soc: Maple Glen, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 150 00 

Total for the year, $ 160 00 

The Bishop of Nelson (New Zealand), at 
a recent meeting, told of two men who met, 
and one asked the other for a subscription 
for his church. The reply was that the 
church was always wanting money. The 
other friend said, " When my lad was a 
boy, he was costly; he always wanted boots 
and shoes, stockings and clothes, and wore 
them out fast, and the older and stronger 
he grew the more money had to be spent 
on him, but he died, and does not now cost 
me a shilling." " Yes," said the Bishop, " a 
live church always wants money." 





H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, 
North Manchester, Ind. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 
Secretary, Elgin, 111. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 
All correspondence for the Board should 

be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 

Bronderslev, Denmark 

* Esbensen, Niels, 1920 

* Esbensen, Christine, 1920 


Friisgatan No. 1, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language 
School, Pekin, China 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Blickenstaff, Miles, 1921 
Blickenstaff, Ermal, 1921 
Dunning, Ada 
Ikenberry, E. L. 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie, N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 191* 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Miller, Valley, 1919 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Seese, Norman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 1917 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 


Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 192Q 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A„ 
Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z.. 1919 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

* Gwong, Moy, 1920 
On Furlough 
Rider, Bessie M., Elizabeth- 
town, Pa. 
Shock, Laura J., Hunting- 
ton, Ind., R. D. 
Senger, Nettie M. 57 Farm- 
ington Ave., Hartford, 
Wampler, Ernest M., Port 

Republic, Va. 
Wampler, Vida A., Port 
Republic, Va. 

Lagos, care of C. M. S., 
Nigeria, West Africa 
Kulp, H. Stover 
Helser. A. D. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 
Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Long, I. S„ 1903. 
Long, Effie V., 1903. 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Wolfe, L. Mae, 1922 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L^ 1919 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Shull, Chalmer G., 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 

Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 

Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 1908 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 

Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Replogle, Sara G., 1919 

On Furlough 

Holsopple, Q. A., Hunting- 
don, Pa., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R., 
Huntingdon, Pa., 1911 

Mow, Anetta, Sebring, Fla. 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 
Monticello, Minn., 1915 

Ross, A. W„ North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Detained beyond furlough 

Pittenger, J. M., Hunting- 
don, Pa., 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Hun- 
tingdon, Pa., 1904. 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 
111., 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Morris, 
111., 1894 

Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 1916. 

• Native workers trained in America. 

-—- , ■ , , ; .,.....,., ; -.. v; ,,. ,..., ,,.,■,,, ; ,,. ;,.,,; ..■,.,•. ;i ■: Iffl ,!;: :jH ; i! ;i ; ?£= 

Worth While 
Missionary Books 

George E. Haynes 

A serious study of the colored race problem 

by one who has made 
Negro race. 

life study of the 

Mrs. L. H. Hammond 

Twelve biographical sketches of Negro men 
and women who have made outstanding 
achievements in many fields of endeavor. 

Alden H. Clark 

A series of pictures of India and tales of 
adventure. The book is written in a popular 
form that will appeal to all. 

Basil Matthews 

In thirty-two stories Mr. Matthews depicts 
with enthralling realism the deeds of mis- 
sionary heroes. Old folks and young folks 
alike will enjoy it. 


Ethel Daniels Hubbard 

An unusual sketch of the life of Ann Hassel- 
tine Judson. A story of consecration, love, 
devotion and sacrifice. 


Anita B. Ferris 

A book of stories for the children to read. 
Planned so they deal with the home, school, 
church and community life of the Negro boys 
and girls. 

Margaret T. Applegarth 

A book for children which will help them 
catch a glimpse of the foreign mission prob- 
lem in America. The grown folks will like 
the book equally well. 


Margaret T. Applegarth, author of " Mission- 
ary Stories for Little Folks." 

Delightful stories for boys and girls of what 
happened to a Blot in India. Inimitable illus- 
trations by the author. 

Margaret T. Applegarth 

Fascinating and instructive tales of the 
" lamplighters " who translated the Bible into 
the languages of mission fields. 

Jean Kenyon Mackenzie author of " Black 
Sheep " 

In these remarkably vivid stories the chil- 
dren of Africa make a powerful appeal to the 
hearts of our American boys and girls. 


Mary M. Russell, author of ** Dramatized 

Bible Stories." 

Dramatized incidents in the lives of well- 
known missionaries for Sunday-schools and 
Young People's Societies. Little equipment 


Rev. J. H. Morrison, M. A., author of 

" Streams in the Desert." 

The author's wide travels in Africa give 
new material and a first hand flavor to these 
life stones of nine great missionaries of the 
Dark Continent. With map of Africa. 


Howard Anderson Musser 

Thrilling stories of adventure with bandits 
and beasts in India— almost incredible things 
that actually happened in the life of this mis- 
sionary. A fascinating book .that will leave 
a lasting impression in favor of Missions on 
the minds of its young readers. Illustrated. 



A splendid treatise on the subject of medical 
missions in the foreign field. It will be ap- 
preciated by the inquiring student. 



A delightful love story of Robert and Mary 
Moffat who gave their lives in service as 
Africa missionaries. It is a young people's 
book that is hard to excel in any field of 
novels or biographies. 


The Missionary Visitor (monthly) $1.00 per 

The Missionary Review of the World (month- 
ly) $2.50 per year. 

Everyland, a children's magazine (10 issues) 
$1.50 per year. 

Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois 


Churcliof the brethren 

v ^\\\v».™»'»*" 

Vol. XXV 

Fefos^airy, 1923 



ne Thin 

Help me to choose, O Lord, from out the maze 
And multitude of things that by me roll, 

One thing to work and pray for here on earth — 
Something to -'.eep before me as a goal; 

That when I die my days may form for thee, 

Not many fragments, but one perfect whole. 

I seek, O Lord, some purpose in my life, 

Some end which will my daily acts control. 

So many days seem wasted now to me — 
All disconnected hours that by me roll. 

Help me to choose, O Lord, while I am young, 
Something to keep before me as a goal. 

— Marjorie Hillis. 

\ i 

See editorial on page 34 "Greatly Needed Folks Whose Major Interest Is Missions' 








H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 

OTHO WTNGER. Vice-President, Secretary. 

North Manchester, Ind. TX __.„,.,._„„ , /I . T1 . T>TT ^ TT „, . , _ 

ra . urtl , „ ' , rF a *■ /- i H - SPENSER MINNTCH, Educational Secre- 

CHARI ES D PON^CK, Acting General tary arul Editor Missionary Visitor. 

Secretary, Elgin, 111. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. M - R - ZTGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 

A 11 correspondence for the Board should he nr'rf^rmsccj, +^ Flcr'n, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation o< two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collect'on, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gut. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more/ no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent 1o ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


Maps of Our Foreign Mission Fields 

Map of Our China Field 

The map shows the territory for which the Church of the Brethren is 
responsible in China. Drawn to show the main stations and also the smaller 
out-stations in which work is conducted. Size 20x28. Paper uncolored, 25c; 
Cloth uncolored, 40c; Cloth colored. 65c. 

Map of Our India Field 

The ten mission stations are located and the course of the British railway 
is marked as it passes through the territory. The map has been drawn by 
Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell who has served for seven years as medical mission- 
ary in this field. Size 16x28 inches. Paper uncolored, 25c; Cloth uncolored. 
4*c; Cloth colored, 65c. 

Address orders to 

(!ei\eral Mission. Board 


Elgin.. Illinois 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXV 


No. 2 




The Church's Opportunity in Public Health Work in China, By Fred 

J. Wampler, M. D., 34 

The Missionary's Trials, By J. I. Kaylor 36 

Resolutions Concerning Brother and Sister Kulp, 37 

India Notes for November and December, By Ellen H. Wagoner 38 

November Notes from China, By Anna N. Crumpacker, 40 


The Greene County (Va.) Industrial School — 

The Dedication of Sanger Hall, By Amsey F. Bollinger 42 

A Dream Coming True, By Nelie Wampler 43 

A View of the Farm, By Amsey F. Bollinger 44 

Snapshots from the Hills, By Mrs. A. F. Bollinger 46 


Missionary News, 50 

Our Book Department, 51 

Missionary Methods, 51 


The Evening Lamp, 53 

Billy's Questions (Poem), 55 

"To Remember Us By," By Mrs. Kathryn B. Garner, 55 



The Foreign Missions Conference of North 

The Foreign Missions Conference is the 
annual meeting of the representatives of the 
various churches and societies doing foreign 
mission work. The conference held this 
year at Bethlehem, Pa., for four days in 
January was attended by representatives 
from fifty-six organizations. It has been 
the custom of the General Mission Board 
to have representatives at this meeting. The 
writer wishes that somehow in just a col- 
umn the problems, the inspiration, the mis- 
takes, the successes, the heroism laid before 
the conference delegates could be given to 
the Visitor readers. The printed program 
listed a number of subjects for discussion, 
and to print these in the following lines will 

help you to see the problems of foreign mis- 
sion agencies. It is probably quite cor- 
rect to say that we are not immune from 
these problems common to many other 

Subject for Discussion 
From the viewpoint of the recent con- 
ferences in India, China, and Japan, should 
the Home Churches now modify any ele- 
ments in their thinking and missionary ac- 
tivity in order to help the Church in those 
lands to express more naturally and freely 
their Christian experience? 
I. Do our Churches at the Home Base car- 
ry points of view which tend to limit 
the usefulness of their missionaries as 
they seek to help the Churches on the 


The Missionary Visitor 


1. A sense of superiority due to our wealth and 

2. A pride of race due to the present position of 
the white peoples. 

3. ' Our Western interpretation of the .teaching of 
Jesus and His Apostles growing out of centuries 
of Christian history and study. 

4. An assertive quality naturally found in the prop- 

5. Training in the administration of our institutions 
which gives special skill in leadership in these 
forms of service. 

II. How may these limitations be overcome 
where they exist? 

1. By changes of emphasis in the choice of candi- 

2. By modifications in the training of missionaries 
at home and on the field. 

3. By including as a part of our theological training 
a study of the religious history, life and thought 
of oriental peoples, including any contributions 
which they may have made to the interpretation 
of Christianity. 

4. By portraying with deeper sympathy the life of 
mission lands. 

5. By more frequent interpretations of the point of 
view of the field by its own leaders. 

6. By a greater candidness in presenting to the 
home churches all the facts about conditions in 
mission areas. 

Greatly Needed— Folks Whose Major In- 
terest Is Missions 

Although every good Christian is mis- 
sionary in heart, we are needing, in this 
age of specialization, those whose major 
interest is manifest in a serious study and 
engagement of the missionary task. We 
do not have too many men in our church who 
are paid to be specialists at this work. 
Then there should be an ever-increasing 
number of laymen, men successful in busi- 
ness, whose major heart interest is in volun- 
tary missionary endeavor. 

But most of all is the overwhelming need 
in every congregation of at least one soul 
whose major interest is missions. This may 
be the pastor, but he has many interests, and 

for missions to be his major, as we wish 
it understood, he would neglect other im- 
portant duties. The situation is well nigh 
ideal in some congregations which have a 
person, or a committee, that day and night 
is thinking missions. 

Standards for Missionaries — a Restatement 

In reporting the December meeting of 
the General Mission Board, mention was 
made of the educational requirements for 
foreign missionaries. The Board passed 
a decision that educational attainments be- 
yond the A. B. degree would not be re- 
quired of missionaries going out for the 
first term of service. It was assumed that 
such A. B. graduates, to be accepted by 
the Board, would have had considerable 
Bible training in their college course. A 
few letters from interested individuals in- 
quiring about this action of the Board con- 
vince us that the Board's action was not 
fairly stated. The statement of the Board's 
decision was not intended to leave the im- 
pression that further preparation was un- 
welcome. Indeed, the Board is very like- 
ly to choose as missionaries those whose 
training is the most adequate for the work. 
Especially is a strong biblical training ap- 
preciated by the Board. The Board's ac- 
tion when rightly interpreted suggests the 
advisability of volunteers planning to go 
out to the field early with the intention of 
getting their specialized training after the 
first term of service, at which time they 
would be better able to decide along what 
lines specialized training would be neces- 

The Church's Opportunity in Public Health Work 

in China 


UP to the present time practically all 
the attention of the medical men 
and women in China has been de- 
voted to the healing of the sick. Often 
where we could help one, there were ten 
who contracted an infectious disease, which 
might have been prevented by giving some 
time to the teaching of the modes of in- 
fection and prevention of the different in- 
fectious and contagious diseases. 

A large percentage of the diseases we 
meet in China are preventable. When we 
were threatened with cholera, in 1920, we 
went out to teach the people along the 
route of travel the nature of the disease 
and how to prevent it. With simple reme- 
dies, which are very helpful in the treat- 
ment, we succeeded in saving twenty out 
of twenty-five people who contracted the 
disease. Besides these, we saved many more 


The Missionary Visitor 


who would have become sick but for the 
public health teaching. 

In like manner, in the plague times in 
1918, great numbers were saved from sick- 
ness and death by teaching the people the 
simple means of prevention. We would go 
into villages where great numbers were al- 
ready dead and the infection was still 
spreading. The protection against the pneu- 
monic plague was quarantine. Where con- 
tact with the sick was necessary, a mask 
covering the mouth and nose was worn. 
By these rules we were able to stop the 
spread of the disease and remove quaran- 
tine in a number of villages within ten days. 

There are other diseases, which are prac- 
tically wiped out of other civilized coun- 
tries, but which still play havoc here. 
Economic conditions will prevent the has- 
ty elimination of some of them, but others 
can be lessened very much or wiped out 
entirely by teaching the people the methods 
of prevention. 

To do curative medical work takes much 
and very expensive equipment, and then 
one man or woman can handle only a com- 
paratively few people. For public health 
work only a little equipment is needed, and 
one man or woman can reach great num- 
bers of people. Besides, public health work 
is not so localized as medical work. To do 
successful curative medical work in China 
it is necessary to have a place to keep 
many of the patients, as the orders given 
in the homes have little chance of being 
carried out, because of the great differences 
the Chinese have in giving medicines. This 
means a hospital, and the hospital means 
localized work. Thus, for advertising the 
Christian movement in a wide territory, 
public health work is very effective. 

An educational commission, composed of 
educators from America, England and Chi- 
na, visited China in the winter of 1921-22. 
They say in their report: 

" The prospect is that the properly 
trained health officer will in the future 
save, far more lives than the physician. . . . 
It is hopeless to attempt to cure the ills 
of China simply by healing the. sick. The 
obstacles are too great. But the Christian 
forces can render immeasurable service to 
the republic of China by training men and 
women to enter the field of health educa- 
tion. . . . We believe that this field [public 
health work] offers the Christian church 

its largest opportunity to manifest the 
spirit of philanthropy which underlies the 
whole Christian movement. Christianity 
could do nothing more effective for China 
and nothing that would further its own 
cause more rapidly." 

The National Christian Conference, 
which met in Shanghai May 2 to 11, had 
reports from five commissions, which had 
been appointed about two years before for 
the study of the different phases of the 
church's interests. Commission No. 11, 
which studied " The Future Task of the 
Church," was very emphatic in recom- 
mendations on public health education as a 
part of the Christian movement.' They say 
in their report: 

" That in many smaller mission stations, 
apart from the care of the Christian work- 
ing force and the regular medico-evangelis- 
tic work, the physician might, with greater 
profit to the community, devote himself to 
health propaganda and the teaching of hy- 
giene, sanitation, and the early recognition 
of disease rather than to the building up of 
an elaborate medical plant. . t . 

" Present public health conditions con- 
stitute a challenge to the Christian forces 
of China. There is a deplorable absence of 
intelligent appreciation of the laws govern- 
ing the communication of disease and the 
preservation of health, which results in the 
lamentable unsanitary conditions prevail- 
ing in the cities, villages, and homes of 
the people. 

" In this day, the Christian church can- 
not afford to confine itself to the tradi- 
tional practice of curative medicine upon 
the individual sick and ignore the large 
public health problems of the social group. 
There is a world-wide cry that the church 
apply Christianity socially as well as in- 
dividually. The field of health education 
offers the Christian church its largest op- 
portunity to manifest the spirit of philan- 
thropy which underlies the whole Christian 
movement. Christianity could do few 
things more effectively for China and noth- 
ing that would further its own cause more 

" Medical schools should give, more at- 
tention to the training of Chinese men and 
women who can enter the field of health 
education. This might be considered more 
important than for the mission boards to 
send out large numbers of foreign physi- 
cians to man hospitals, since it is hopeless 
to cure the ills of China simply by healing 
the sick." 

When you consider the personnel of 
these two commissions, their opinion must 
have some weight. 

Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, China, June 19. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Vada Missionaries Returning Home After Committee Meeting. 

Auto During the Rainy Season 

This River Is Not Crossable by 

The Missionary's Trials 


PERHAPS one of the things that try 
the missionary most is the continual 
dishonesty of those around him. Far 
too often our Christian people are no ex- 
ception. An opportunity to deceive and 
make a little money is perfectly legitimate 
as long as the saheb does not find it out. 
The house servants find many opportunities 
to slip choice bits of food to their children, 
who, it is true, get but little more than the 
very ordinary fare. It is not so much the 
food that we begrudge, as it is our desire to 
teach them the sin of deceitfulness. But, 
in spite of teaching, the practice continues. 
Some one has said, "Why should the 
Madam Saheb spend her energy and time 
trying to keep tab of all provisions? Those 
who try the hardest at best only reduce the 
amount taken, and do not reform the serv- 

Many of the everyday things about our 
home are vexing — to get our milk, meat, and 
vegetables as we want them, takes continual 
thought and attention. Our health must be 
guarded, as there are many things ready to 

prey upon it. Mosquitoes and fleas are al- 
ways ready with their hypodermics to inject 
disease-carrying germs into our system. 
Bedbugs also come in for a share of at- 
tention. Cockroaches, moths and white 
ants are plentiful and bent on destruction of 
books and clothing. Rats! Yes, they run 
over our beds at night, and we are thankful 
for our mosquito curtains, under which we 
feel safe from them. They chase around 
the room and often disturb our slumbers. 
They get into the wardrobe and chew the 
clothing. They run over the tables and 
dishes and get into cupboards and boxes. 
In fact, nothing is exempt, as they persist in 
making their way anywhere to get the cov- 
eted article. 

In all of our business dealings with the 
people we must continually be on our guard, 
as they try every way possible to get the 
advantage of anyone they think has money. 
For instance, last week there was an impor- 
tant meeting of missionaries in Bombay. 
The only way to get out at this time the 
thirty-three miles to the railway was by 


The Missionary Visitor 


hired tonga (a two-wheeled, horse-drawn 
vehicle carrying four passengers). Efforts 
were made on Saturday to engage a seat in 
one for Monday morning, but none was 
available. Monday afternoon one fellow 
promised to take me if he went, but made 
up his load and went without informing me. 
Tuesday noon one said he would start at 
once if I would take the tonga alone, a spe- 
cial accommodation just for me. He said 
there were no other passengers. This was 
apparently my only chance to get to the 
meeting on time, so I took it, and paid what 
should have been shared by four or five. 
Later we heard that there were other pas- 
sengers wanting to go that day, especially 
one man who had even engaged the tonga, 
but was turned down because a larger fee 
was to be gotten from me. We have the 
experience that they will not take us for 
the same price that they do other people. 

In building operations, if work is given 
by contract poor materials are put in, and 
many schemes used to get off with the least 
possible expense to the contractor. If it 
is done by day work, they kill all the time 
they can. Labor is very cheap here, true, 
but they accomplish just about as much ac- 
cordingly. The slow, easy-going man of the 
East is no end of trial to the hustling, ener- 
getic man who is keen to do things. Kip- 
ling has well expressed it: 

" It is not good for a Christian man 

To trouble the Aryan brown, 
m For the brown man smiles 

And the white man riles 

And it weareth the Christian down. 

" In the end of the fight is a tombstone white 
With the name of the late deceased. 
And an epitaph clear 
' A fool lieth here 
Who tried to hustle the East.' " 

Another thing that is very trying, and 
causes much concern, is the habit these 
people have of getting goods on credit and 
borrowing money. Even those under mis- 
sion employ are not free from it. They ask 
loans or advance of wage to pay off already- 
contracted debts to the shopkeepers, prom- 
ising to pay back a certain amount each 
month from their wage. If they get it they 
will continue to buy on credit and in six 
months' time ask for another loan. Of 
course we discourage this kind of thing and 
are closing down on it all we possibly can. 

The Tndian worker is indispensable, as he 

is able to reach his own people in a way that 
no foreigner can. These people are all hu- 
man, and on becoming Christian are no 
more angels than Christian people in other 
lands. They have many temptations and 
failings, and their standards of morality are 
low. The best are selected and trained for 
workers. After time and money have been 
spent on them, to have them prove un- 
worthy and unfaithful to the trust placed in 
them, to the extent that disciplining and 
sometimes dismissals are necessary, is per- 
haps one of the hardest trials of the mis- 
sionary. These mission employes are the 
leaders in the church work. Often they are 
prone to be jealous of each other, which 
leads to many other troubles. The efforts to 
keep peace and good feeling among them 
sometimes taxes the missionary's strength 
to the limit. The spiritual concern of the 
flock is, after all, the most important. 

But why dwell on the hard things? We 
rejoice in the progress of our work. The 
soil in this cas(t)e-hardened town seems to 
be softened a little, and some seed of the 
years' sowings seems to be taking root. 
Therefore we, like Paul, should "endure all 
things for the elect's sake, that they also 
may obtain the salvation which is in Christ 
Jesus with eternal glory." 
& J* 


From a Farewell Service for Brother and 

Sister H. Stover Kulp 

Whereas, after careful thought and 
prayerful deliberation, it has been deemed 
advisable that the cordial and pleasant 
relations existing between the pastor 
and his wife, Eld. H. Stover Kulp 
and Sister Ruth Royer Kulp, and the mem- 
bers of the first Philadelphia congregation, 
be severed, for the purpose of enabling them 
to accept the call to Africa as missionaries; 

" Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of 
the least of these my brethren ye have done 
it unto me "; 

" Pray ye therefore the Lord of the har- 
vest, that he will send forth laborers into 
his harvest "; 

We find these teachings of the Master 
answered when Brother and Sister Kulp 

(Continued on Page 64) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ellen H. Wagoner 

Oct. 27 Elizabeth and Emma Wagoner 
entered into a closer walk with Jesus by- 
receiving the rite of Christian baptism. On 
that day Elizabeth was ten years old. God 
bless the little ones as they enter the fold. 

Nov. 5, in the early morning, Loreta 
Irene Shull came to gladden the hearts of 
her parents. If she continues, as she put 
in her appearance, she bids fair to become 
a fine young lady some day. 

From Nov. 8 to 15 the devotional and 
committee meetings were held at Bulsar. 
At this time each year we have a three days' 
devotional meeting, which all the mission 
family enjoy very much. Most of the mis- 
sionaries were present. A few were kept 
away because of illness. 

Drs. Cottrell have been very busy since 
their return. Never before has there been 
such a continual stream of patients coming 
to the dispensary. All of the hospital rooms 
are full and many people are turned away 
each week. Besides dispensary and hospital 
work the doctors are also called 4nto homes 
in the bazaar. Dr. Raymond has also been 
summoned to the different stations over 
week ends. & 

David Prema and wife have been chosen 
as evangelists to work among the sick on 
the medical compound. In this way they 
are given spiritual as well as medical help. 

Sister Butterbaugh brought her sick baby 
to the doctors for medical treatment several 
days ago. After a week's stay baby Darlene 
was well enough for them to return to 
their home at Palghar. 

Sister Ebbert is slowly regaining her 
strength after an attack of influenza the 
first of November. & 

Sister Olive Widdowson has been trans- 
ferred to Umalla to assist Nurse Himmels- 
baugh in the medical work and Babies' 
Home. The medical work around Umalla 
has grown so that it became impossible for 
one person to do all there was to be done. 
The Lord has wonderfully blessed Nurse 
Himmelsbaugh in her work. 

In the absence of Dr. Nickey and Nurse 
Blickenstaff, who have gone to assist at 
Vada, Sister Hattie Alley finds herself ex- 
ceedingly busy explaining to the people why 
the doctor is not there, giving out medicines 
and caring for the sick, besides looking 
after her household. 

At Vali a baby and a mother, leaving three 
small children, have died. Also a number 
are sick with fever. Sister Summer writes 
that some are laying the cause of the sick- 
ness and deaths to witches. " Pray that 
we may be able to lead our people into 
fuller light," is her request. 

At Ahwa an epidemic, which seems to 
be a modified form of the " flu," has visited 
the little flock of Christians during the past 
month. In nearly every home one, two or 
more are sick. Thus far there have been 
no fatal cases. These simple-hearted Chris- 
tians do not fail to thank the Lord for his 
goodness unto them. They have not for- 
gotten the terrible epidemic of four years 
ago, when few homes were spared from the 
ravages of disease or from sorrow for their 



Sister Anna Brumbaugh recently spent 
a restful vacation in Poona Missionary 
Rest Home. She was greatly benefited by 
the change. On her return to her work at 
Vada she brought with her thirteen small 
girls, orphans, from Ahamendnagar for the 
boarding school. & 

The ladies at Vada expect to be settled 
in their much-needed new home by Christ- 
mas. jM 

The two weeks' Bible Institute at Vyara 
closed Nov. 29. The village workers were 
in. Good meetings and good class work are 
reported. Mr. Vishrambai, a worker among 
children, gave talks to the children and il- 
lustrated lectures. Sister Mohler gave to 
the women three lectures on hygiene and 
the care of children. 

Recently forty-five were baptized at 
Vyara. Many applicants could not be bap- 
tized, because of a reform movement which 
is sweeping over that district and which 
is partly idolatrous. On account of this 
same movement only a few villagers at- 
tended the nice, quiet love feast which was 


The Missionary Visitor 


held at the close of the institute, at which 
Bro. Long officiated. 

Bro. Blough also writes that twenty 
teachers took the examination in third book, 
Teachers' Training Course, and six women 
took examination in the women's course. 

Nov. 18 Bro. Longs and Nurse Wolfe 
landed in Bombay. The Longs immediately 
went to Vyara, and made preparation to go 
to Anklesvar, where they have been stationed 
to take charge of the evangelistic work. On 
Thanksgiving Day they arrived at Ankles- 
var. That evening the missionaries par- 
took of a real Thanksgiving supper and 
afterwards a service was held. Sister Mil- 
ler writes, " We are very thankful to have 
the Longs with us. They will carry on the 
work that has had to be so sadly neglected 
because of Bro. Lichty's illness and be- 
cause of the fact that Bro. Miller was new 
in the work and has had other duties to 
take his time." & 

Nurse Wolfe, after visiting a few days at 
Palghar and Bulsar, went to Anklesvar to 
take up language study for one year. This 
was on Nov. 25. She was welcomed at the 
station by the missionaries and a few of the 
girls. The rest of the boarding girls were 
lined up on both sides of the road leading up 
to the bungalow, and as she passed between 
them she was showered with flower petals. 
We hear Miss Mae has already found a 
warm spot in her heart for all the girls. 
The next day after her arrival she was about 
ready to sing one of their songs with them 
in their own language. She is now busy in 
language work. ^ 

There are thirteen teachers and mission 
workers in the Dangs, besides the Bible 
women and wives of these workers who as- 
sist in the schools. Some live a two days' 
journey from Ahwa, in far-away villages, 
where they are trying to teach the children 
and bring the message of salvation to the 
villages. That these workers need encour- 
agement, instruction, and spiritual help will 
be readily understood, if it be remembered 
that often the worker's family are the only 
Christians in his village. An attempt par- 
tially to meet this need is made by gather- 
ing all the workers together on the first of 
everv month when thev come for their 

wages. A season of Bible study and prayer 
is an inspiration to them. They are now 
studying the Gospel of Mark. Those who 
devote some time to the study of the chap- 
ters assigned and feed on God's Word daily 
are greatly helped. 

The railway is to be extended farther into 
the Dangs. The line as surveyed will bring 
the Ahwa mission station about fifteen 
miles nearer the outside world. It will re- 
quire several years to build the bridges and 
lay the track through the rough forests and 
over the hills. When completed, the jour- 
ney to the railway station can be made 
by bullock cart in less than half a day, and 
there will be no longer need of camping 
out for a night. & 

Sister Sadie Miller accompanied Miss 
Newton, of the Training College at Ghodra, 
with the girls, who have just finished the 
three years' course, on a trip to Bombay, 
where they will remain about a week and 
see the points of interest. We have two 
girls in the group. 


Sister Sara Replogle soon goes to Vyara 
to assist Sister Grisso in the Girls' Board- 
ing. ^ 

Bro. Hoffert, with his helper, Frickamlal, 
has been busy forwarding the temperance 
work. They visit villages, giving lectures 
and showing magic-lantern pictures. A few 
weeks ago they went to Dahanu where they 
gave temperance lantern lectures on the mis- 
sion compound, in near-by villages, and in 
the city of Dahanu. At the last-named place 
one thousand people were present and much 
interest was shown. 


Nov. 20-22 a temperance convention of 
the Bombay Division was held at Madiad. 
Besides our temperance workers, Sister 
Sadie Miller and Bro. I. S. Long delivered 
splendid talks. Sister Ida Shumaker gave 
two fine demonstration lessons on how to 
teach temperance to children. It is won- 
derful how India's men and women are 
taking hold of temperance work. They see 
the need and want temperance. In the 
Punjab no one under eighteen years is per- 
mitted to go into the drink shop. Boys are 
not allowed to use liquor. These shops 
are open only from noon until evening. 


The Missionary Visitor 


After 6 P. M. they must be closed. Many 
have been boycotted and taken away. Pray 
for India! ^ 

The rains being over, and the cool 
season — our winter — having set in, now is 
the best time of year to get out into the 
villages. Our evangelists are making 
preparations for this. Those who are go- 
ing soon are: The Kaylors, at Vada; the 
Garners, at Palghar; Bro. Alley, at Dahanu, 
goes into Chickli district to tour near-by 
villages; Sister Royer also at Dahanu, goes 
to Vangoan to work among the women and 
children; Bro. Bloughs go into Vyara district. 
Because of a joint institute of the Anklesvar 
and Vali workers, the Longs, the Summers, 
and Sister Ziegler will be detained for two 
weeks. Brethren, pray for these workers, 
who go out into the districts; pray for those 
who stay by the stations. All is the Lord's 
work. May his kingdom come. Pray! 
Pray!! Pray!!! 


Anna N. Crumpacker 
From Ping Ting 
The fall station class at Ping Ting began 
Nov. 19 and continued two weeks. Dec. 3 
seventy-two were baptized and in the even- 
ing about two hundred and fifty surrounded 
the Lord's table. It was the most quiet, most 
worshipful love feast we have ever had at 
Ping Ting. We are extremely glad to see 
the native church grow in this way. The 
Chinese enjoy excitement, and it is a hard 
lesson learned when they really enjoy quiet- 
ly worshiping the Father. 

Not all of our mission work. is a smooth- 
sailing growth, and perhaps it is only fair 
to our readers to know, now and then, of 
a problem we have to meet. Our church at 
Ping Ting recently experienced a very hard 
blow. We have some trained workers from 
the outside. As they have had more and 
better training than our own men they also 
have a bigger salary. Can you imagine our 
distress when we were suddenly informed by 
thirteen of our most trusted local members 
that, unless some of the outside helpers 
were dismissed, and their own salaries in- 
creased, they would quit work at once. Out 
of it all we are sure good will come, but 

our native church is still weak and needs 
your prayers. & 

The boycott and strike idea is strong in 
China. It creeps into the schools and col- 
leges, both government and mission, as well 
as into politics. We have just had our first 
experience. Some of our boys in high 
school were asked to' sweep classrooms free 
of charge. They revolted and their most in- 
timate friends went with them. They left 
school, but are now trying to get back. 
China needs to learn that when one can 
read it still is no disgrace to work with the 
hands. - j& 

Dr. Maxwell, of the Peking Union Medi- 
cal College, accompanied by his wife, came 
to us on the 14th and stayed till the 21st. 
He came for the purpose of studying osteo- 
malacia, a disease of the bones, mostly found 
among women. Twenty-two cases were in-' 
terviewed. Six of these came into our hos- 
pital for treatment; others are being treated 
by sending medicine into their homes twice 
a day, and still others are being given medi- 
cine to take themselves. Some of the 
patients have shown marked improvement, 
but one or two have not improved. What 
a wonderful blessing it will be to these 
women if a cure can be found for this dread- 
ful disease! & 

Dr. Wampler has spent a portion of the 
month in conducting a health campaign in 
our entire territory. Dr. Appleton, a Y. 
W. C. A. worker, associated with the Public 
Health Board of China, has been the chief 
speaker. She is a woman of large experi- 
ence, having worked in Labrador and in 
France, as well as in the United States. She 
now travels throughout China, giving 
special attention to infant welfare, school- 
children and women. In our territory the 
officials have been very helpful in advertis- 
ing and securing audiences for these lectures. 

Liao Notes 

The kindergarten under Miss Cripe is do- 
ing unusually well, having an enrollment of 
sixty and an average attendance of thirty- 
five. The children are a lively lot, many of 
them having had no discipline in their homes, 
but they love to come and their faces beam 
with pleasure when the least kindness is 
shown them. As the room is small and there 


The Missionary Visitor 


are more pupils than one person can care for 
properly, Sisters Seese and Horning are 
giving much-appreciated help in the work. 

Bro. Raymond Flory, with his Chinese 
evangelists, is holding classes for inquirers 
at the out-stations, which have been well at- 
tended. Sister Valley Miller also is out in 
evangelistic work and reports a great deal 
of interest. ^ 

Wang Tzu Hsi, our Chinese doctor, is 
spending the month in medical work at the 
out-stations. Dr. Horning has just returned 
from a week's itinerating at Yu She. 

The fall session of the Liao Woman's 
School opened Oct. 2 with nineteen enrolled 
to date. Some yet to come are now finishing 
up the making of their wadded clothing for 
the winter. Though the enrollment is smaller 
than last spring, we are glad to say that the 
attendance has been better than that of any 
session yet. We greatly appreciate the ef- 
forts of a number of these mothers, who, in 
spite of many hindrances with their home 
work and children, are making a brave effort 
to get a little education and learn the Jesus 
doctrine. We regret that one of our bright- 
est women was called home last week, on 
the sudden death of her husband. 

Mr. Chen, of the National Committee of 
the Y. M. C. A., paid a visit to the boys' 
school a few weeks ago. He had a long con- 
ference with the cabinet in the afternoon and 
gave a fine talk to the whole student body 
in the evening. As this was the first visit 
we have had from one of the secretaries of 
the national committee, his advice and help 
were much needed and appreciated. It is 
apparent that the Y. M. C. A. will be able 
to do better work from now on. 
& .J* 
Shou Yang 

We have been preaching in the jail for 
several months. It is difficult work, since 
the people we have to deal with are mostly 
criminal and extremely ignorant. It ap- 
peared for a time that the work would close 
down when the weather became cold; how- 
ever the warden in the jail seems to appre- 
ciate the efforts that are being made by the 
mission to help the men. and he has repaired 
a dilapidated building, in which we are to 

speak each Sunday afternoon during the 
winter. We are most thankful for the 
sympathetic attitude manifested by all of the 
officials in the county towards the work of 
the mission. & 

All the evangelists have been busy during 
the month. The workers have been divided 
into two groups and have been preaching at 
theatricals and fairs. The people are con- 
stantly showing more of a welcome for the 
Gospel. For this we are very thankful. 

The chief official in the county is located 
in the city of Shou Yang, near the mission. 
He is not a native of the Shansi Province, 
but has been in Shansi for a number of years. 
While he is not outwardly a Christian, he 
seems to be very sympathetic toward the 
mission. He recently was called home on 
account of the death of his mother, and not 
long after he returned to his work he re- 
ceived a telegram that his father was ex- 
tremely ill. He has now gone home again. 
We are very sorry to have him away, since 
he is so svmpathetic to our work. There is 
some talk that he may not come back to 
Shou Yang. He seems in every respect to 
be an upright man. He has taken quite an 
interest in the Anti-Opium Society, and re- 
cently bore the full expense of having a rep- 
resentative of the council on health educa- 
tion come to Shou Yang to lecture. 

Recently we noticed a marked change in 
the attitude of the officials of a village where 
we have some Christians, towards the 
Gospel. Formerly the Christians were per- 
secuted because they did not pay the usual 
taxes for the idolatrous worship. A little 
while ago the village repaired the temple. 
The village elder made a public proclama- 
tion, that the Christians were exempt from 
taxes in connection with the idolatrous 
practices. He further invited the mission 
people to come over and preach to the 
people during the dedication of the temple. 
He also invited those who attended to a 
feast. From a hostile attitude this village 
elder has come to be decidedly friendly to 
the Christian religion. This village is Chin 
Chuan, twenty li out. 

^ -J* 

" The church is not intended for a hos- 
pital but for a barracks." 


The Missionary Visitor 



JJbtttf fiif lhfi 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

Home Fields Devoted Exclusively to Greene Co., 
Va., Industrial School 

The Dedication of Sanger Hall 


THE week before Sunday, December 
10 was surely a strenuous one. Up 
at 4: 30 in the morning, hurry all day, 
work until nearly midnight — that was the 
program. Workmen toiled all day, and 
sometimes nearly all night, in order that 
our chapel might be in readiness for the 
dedicatory services on Sunday. Saturday 
evening came and everything was ready, 
but no heat. The faithful men worked on, 
and about 2 o'clock Sunday morning the 
first fire was built in the great boiler and 
steam began to flow into the radiators. 

It was not intended to finish up so late, 
but the workmen were delayed by non- 
arrival of material and other causes, so that 
it began to look as though the chapel would 
not be ready for the dedication. But by 
hard work and cooperation the task was 
completed on time. Other parts of the build- 
ing were not finished, but it was thought 
best to hold the dedication as planned. 

It rained all Saturday night, and the 
prospects for Sunday were anything but 
bright. Sunday dawned gray and threaten- 
ing, but soon the clouds began to break 
and the weather turned out to be pleasant 
after all. Of course the people carried in 
bushels of mud on their shoes, because we 
are surrounded on all sides by sticky red 

When 10: 30 came, the hour set to begin, 
only a few were present, but in a few min- 
utes the people began arriving on foot, 
horseback, in wagons and automobiles. Be- 
fore the morning session was over the chap- 
el room was filled to overflowing. Perhaps 
there would have been hundreds more 
present if the weather had been more favor- 

able, for some people, living nearly a hun- 
dred miles away, had planned to come, but 
were prevented by bad roads. 

Bro. H. C. Early was chairman of the 
meeting. His interest in the work is shown 
by his traveling all the way from his new 
home in Indiana especially for this meeting. 
He spoke of how different workers had had 
this project in their minds for years, and 
how their prayers had at last been so richly 

Bro. W. H. Sanger, president of Hebron 
Seminary, delivered the dedicatory address. 
It was fitting that the son of the man who 
spent so many years in service among these 
people, and in whose honor the first building 
has been named "Sanger Hall," should 
speak on this occasion. He spoke briefly 
but reverently of the work of his father, and 
then passed to his text, "I am among you 
as one that serveth." If the Church of the 
Brethren Industrial School were to select a 
motto, these words would surely be most 
appropriate, because the school is dedicated 
to the service of Christ through serving the 
needs of the people, even unto the "least." 

Sister P. S. Thomas, of Harrisonburg, Va., 
spoke as a representative of the Sisters' Aid 
Society. She gave a brief history of the 
society, sketched a few of the enterprises 
the Aid has helped in the past, and outlined 
what the sisters have done and propose to 
do in Greene County. Brethren, we must 
take off our hats to the Sisters' Aid Society. 

The people of the community around the 
school were asked to furnish money to buy 
chairs for the chapel, and on the day of 
dedication they subscribed approximately 
$200 for that purpose. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Dream Coming True 


MORE than twenty years ago a 
pioneer worker of the mountains 
of Virginia, in the person of Eld. 
S. A. Sanger, began to dream dreams and 
see visions of great things that might be 
accomplished for the mountain people that 
lay so near his heart. As time went on, 
and his vision of the great needs and pos- 
sibilities became keener, he decided that 
the only solution would be in providing 
some plan by which the children could be 
cared for and at the same time trained for 
future usefulness. 

It is a fact that if anything worth while 
and permanent is to be accomplished, the 
children must be gotten away from their 
present environment and given a chance in 

His dreams lay heavy upon his heart, w r ith 
a few faithful workers who came to know 
conditions as he knew them. For ten years, 
praying, toiling, and patiently waiting upon 
the Lord to open the way; then the answer 
came. The farm that Bro. Bollinger is 
describing, and the building, " Sanger Hall," 
which stands a memorial to Bro. Sanger, is 
the result, he having passed to his re- 
ward just before the farm was purchased. 
We sometimes wish that he could have lived 
to see and enjoy at least the beginning of 
the plan of his own heart. But the Father 
knew best, and to his will we are submis- 
sive. Bro. Sanger's life will ever be 
cherished, remembered, and honored by this 
people. On entering the chapel the other 
day, a good brother remarked, " I love to 
think of Bro. Sanger as I come into this 
building. I am glad that it is named for 
him. He has done so much for us." 

In September, 1920, Bro. M. R. Zigler, 
our Home Mission Secretary, paid a visit 
to this field and was favorably impressed 
with the idea of making this a point for 
something very definite in home mission 
work. From this a few other folks began 
dreaming and planning in a quiet way, leav- 
ing the Lord free course in the working 
out of his own will. 

A little more than a year ago it was 
definitely decided by the General Mission 
Board to take steps toward the launching 

of the project. In December, 1921, a home, 
now the parsonage occupied by Eld. C. M. 
Driver, pastor, was purchased, and our 
workers were housed until the new build- 
ing was ready. We moved into it Dec. 2, 

The year 1922 was one ever to be re- 
membered by some of us. It was large 
and full. The windows of heaven seemed to 
have been opened and unthought-of bless- 
ings showered upon the people of Greene 
County. No greater evidence was needed 
to show how marvelously the Lord had 
prepared hearts to respond in a most won- 
derful way. I wish that we might give 
personal recognition to every one who has 
contributed in any way. Aid Societies, Va- 
cation Schools, Sunday-school classes, and 
individuals from all over the Brotherhood 
have shown interest, desiring a share some- 
where in the movement. 

Xine of the eleven dormitory rooms are 
furnished by the following Aid Societies, 
and in their honor: Pleasant Valley, Second 
District of Virginia; Ephrata, Eastern Penn- 
sylvania; Lewistown, Pa.; First Church, 
Philadelphia; Germantown, Pa.; Midway, 
Eastern Pennsylvania; Dallas Center, Mid- 
dle Iowa; Midland, Eastern Virginia; the 
Elite Sunday-school Class, Elkhart, Ind. 

Others that have contributed beds or cots: 
Louisville Aid Society, Southeastern Ohio; 
Sangerville, Second District of Virginia; 
Barren Ridge, Second District of Virginia; 
Mill Creek, Northern District of Virginia; 
Troutville, Va., First District of Virginia; 
Daleville, First District of Virginia; Fair- 
fax, Eastern District of Virginia; Nokes- 
ville, Eastern District of Virginia; St. John, 
Kans.; Lancaster, Pa.; Richland, Pa.; Go- 
shen, Ind. 

Those contributing clothing and Vaca- 
tion School contributions: Queen, Pa.; 
Johnstown, Pa.; Altoona, Pa.; Bareville, Pa.; 
Bellwood, Pa.; Lancaster, Pa.; Manheim, 
Pa.; Akron, Ohio; Broadway, Va.; Wirtz, 
Va.; Mill Creek, Va.; Pleasant Valley, Va.; 
Bridgewater, Va.; Germantown, Philadel- 
phia; Washington, D. C, Aid Society and 
Vacation School. 

Bro. Geo. A. Maupin donated the first 


The Missionary Visitor 


cow to the farm. He also gave apples for 
twenty-two gallons of apple butter. Bridge- 
water Aid Society contributed a crop of 

We must not forget the " Ford," a much- 
appreciated gift from the Sisters' Aid 
Societies. Sister M. C. Swigart was re- 
sponsible for a large share in working it 

Those who have contributed in specified 
gifts: Miss Hochenson, Philadelphia, $5 for 
the benefit of the children; a Sunday-school 
class, Spencer, Ohio, $10; Mrs. Hattie 
Sanger's Sunday-school Class, Parkerford, 
Pa., $3.40 towards a wagon for the boys; 
Mrs. O. D. Eller, Vacation School, Dale- 
ville, Va., $10 towards the support of the 
children; Mill Creek Aid Society, Northern 
District of Virginia, $6 towards a rug for 
our living room; Mary Cook Vacation 
School, Southeastern Ohio, $10.25; Mrs. 
Spitzer, Ohio, 75 cents; Bridgewater Junior 
Workers' Society, $3.28; Aid Society, War- 
rensburg, Mo., $5; Amos Wampler, War- 
rensburg, Mo., $2; Harry K. Zeller, Hagers- 
town, Md., $5. 

Our first Christmas in the new Industrial 
School building will ever be remembered by 
our family of fourteen. It brought great 
joy and happiness to each one. Many were 
the remembrances of clothing, toys, dolls, 
books, candy, cash, etc. Those who re- 
membered us so generously: A Vacation 
School, Dayton, Ohio; Aid Society, Salunga, 
Pa., clothing and dolls; Miss Esther Swigart, 
Germantown, Philadelphia, sweaters for the 
family, and other things useful for the girls, 
toys and dolls, etc.; Mt. Morris, 111., Vaca- 
tion School contributions; Mothers' Jewels 
Class, Fulton Ave. church, Philadelphia, 

Christmas box of toys; Young People's 
Class, also from the same place, twenty 
pounds of candy; a splendid Christmas box 
from Mattie Davis, Lansdale, Pa.; one 
dozen school companions, and a contribu- 
tion to the library from two primary 
classes, Lancaster City church, Lancaster, 
Pa.; Mary Rothgab, Washington, D. C, a 
large box of candy; Mrs. Lizzie Rooch's 
Sunday-school Class, Germantown, Phila- 
delphia, a useful gift of wash clothes, soap 
and towels for the family. Money also was 
sent for school use: Aid Society, Heidelberg, 
Pa., $10; Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Snavely, North 
Manchester, Ind., $10; Mr. and Mrs. W. L. 
Moyer, Glenside, Pa., $10 and a box of 
toys; Miss Anna Keenes, Greenville, Ohio, 
$5; Phoebe Longanecker, Palmyra, Pa., $5. 

We feel that words fail to express in the 
least our appreciation for the multiplied 
blessings that have come to us especially 
during the past year — blessings beyond our 
conception. Just now, with Christmas spirit 
still running bright, we had the children 
share up with the community children and 
sent them out with some of their own gifts 
to other children; also sent packages, back 
to their little friends and relatives at home. 

We pray a large blessing upon all who 
have contributed to our work in any way. 
May we be mutual workers together for the 
development and working out of the best 
plan of the Father and for his glory. May 
we always, with your contributions, have 
your prayers in our behalf. Some of us 
feel keenly the responsibility of making 
good your project in this new undertaking. 
Your prayers will mean everything to us. 
We have had them and we need them more. 

Jan. 1. 

A View of the Farm 


YOU are standing on top of a small 
ridge in full view of God's beautiful, 
forest-covered mountains on three 
sides, and a broad valley of rolling hills 
on the fourth; on the east Parker Mountain, 
to the northwest Snow Mountain, and be- 
yond that, Hightop, the highest point for 
many miles. What fitter place could be 
found for the location of a school — a school 
dedicated to the making of men and women, 

devoted to the great task of moulding in- 
tellect, forming Christian character and 
training the hand to perform the daily 
tasks of life more efficiently? 

It is on this very ridge that the plant of 
the Church of the Brethren Industrial 
School of Greene County, Va., is located. 
It is on the east side of the Blue Ridge 
Mountains, almost in their very shadow, and 
the beauties of nature all around will surely 


The Missionary Visitor 


be reflected in beautiful characters as the 
product of our school. Stretching eastward 
from the main building, and running to the 
very top of Parker Mountain, lie the broad 
fields and woodlands of the 350-acre farm 
owned by the Church of the Brethren. 
This is not the most fertile nor the most 
highly-improved farm in the county, but 
it is very well suited for its purpose — for 
a school of this kind should be a leader in 
using good methods of farming, and this 
can be demonstrated best by taking an 
average farm and making it the best farm 
in the community. This has been pro- 
nounced the best grazing farm in the 
neighborhood, making it suitable for dairy 
farming. The farm is well proportioned as 
to tillable, grazing and wood lands. The 
bottom lands are suitable for growing crops, 
the rougher portion will supply adequate 
pasture for a large herd of cattle, and the 
steep slopes of Parker Mountain are cov- 
ered with trees that have furnished all the 
rough lumber for the building and fuel for 
the heating plant. Several creeks, " runs " 
and " branches " flow through the farm, 
furnishing an abundance of water in the 
various pastures. 

The farm is under the supervision of Bro. 
H. S. Knight, a man who has lived all his 
life in this neighborhood. Bro. Knight 
comes well fitted for his task because of his 
knowledge of local soil and climatic con- 
ditions and his years of experience as farm 
manager of a similar school in the Bhie 

There are several small houses on dif- 
ferent parts of the farm, one to be used 
at present as a home for little children, one 
as a home for Bro. Knight and his family, 
and one for the man hired as a regular 
laborer on the farm. 

As I sit in my room on the top floor, 
I can hear below me the hammering and 
sawing of workmen who are adding the 
finishing touches to our splendid " Sanger 
Hall." It is a substantial wooden structure, 
measuring 34 by 58 feet, and four stories 
high, built by the best carpenter in this 
section. The first floor, which is several feet 
under ground, contains dining room, kitchen 
and pantry. The second floor is occupied 
by the large chapel room, which can seat 
300 people, the office and the library. The 

third floor is taken up by four school class- 
rooms, and the fourth floor is given over 
entirely to dormitory rooms. This floor 
is divided, one end being intended for the 
girls and the other for the boys. There are 
two bathrooms and eleven sleeping rooms, 
it being planned to put three children in 
each room. Last, but not least in impor- 
tance, is the spacious ten-foot porch extend- 
ing along the front and one end of the 
building, measuring 152 feet over all. This 
porch adds beauty and proportion to the 
building and will be a source of great 
pleasure and comfort in pleasant weather. 
Look at the picture of the building, and' try 
to visualize the structure without the porch. 
We who live here cannot imagine it now. 

The building is heated by steam, lighted 
by electricity and has running hot and cold 
water on every floor. The heating plant 
is in a small two-story building about 100 
feet away and contains in the concrete base- 
ment a " National " boiler, a " Duro " auto- 
matic pumping plant, and a " Phelps " farm- 
light plant. The second floor will contain 
two rooms, one to be equipped as the school 
laundry, the other probably to be used at 
present for isolation of contagious diseases. 
Back of the school building is a garage large 
enough for two cars, and it is already hous- 
ing a shiny new Ford car, the very useful 
gift of our generous Sisters' Aid Societv. 

This is the complete list of our buildings 
at present, but the plans for the next year 
call for a large barn to care for the farm 
produce and animals and a two-story house 
comfortably to care for the workers. 

When our buildings are all equipped we 
will have a school plant in whjch our peo- 
ple may take great satisfaction because it 
is work well done, and then it will depend 
upon the faithful efforts of the workers, the 
generous support and prayers of the church 
and the help of God to reap a great harvest. 

" It is not enough that we speak sound 
doctrine with phonograph accuracy if we 
lack the infinite tenderness of God." 
— Charles E. Hurlburt, of the Africa Inland 

&5* «<$• 

" Take the ache out of religion and the 
blessing will get in." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Snapshots From the Hills 


FROM my window, through which I 
look as I am writing, I see near the 
top of Parker Mountain a pine. It 
stands alone in bold relief against the sky, 
and since it is so near the top I know the 
trail leading up to it is not smooth. Since 
we have come to our new home, the school, 
and Mr. Bollinger and I have claimed one 
lovely room as our very own home, I have 
loved to watch that pine from our window. 
I have enjoyed it today, especially as J 
have been looking at it for some time, 
for it seems expressive of life and work 
here. This is just one ordinary day and a 
scene of busy activity it is, with many 
workmen laboring in outstanding trails 
which are somewhat rugged, for the season 
of the year is advanced and makes working 
difficult. Near the foot of the mountain I 
see the smoke of a sawmill cutting fuel 
for our furnace to keep us warm when the 
snow is knee deep and the wind blows a 
gale which some folks around here say will 
blow us from our high building and scat- 
ter us over the fields. Below me I hear the 
carpenters building stairways, the plumbers 
installing heating and bath fixtures, and the 
painters following in line with their finish- 
ing touches. From the room next to me 
come the sounds of one of our children, 
who is convalescing from scarlet fever, busy 
and happy with building blocks and watch- 
ing the progress of the work from the win- 
dow. And down in the kitchen is Miss 
Wampler, working and keeping the chil- 
dren. This afternoon my place will be in 
the kitchen and hers at writing, for it is in 
this cooperative way that each of us must 
labor in order to accomplish all the neces- 
sary duties. What today brings forth is 
like that of many other days, and I am 
happy in it, as I have been in many other 
ordinary days since we came to the heart 
of these beautiful mountains in early Octo- 

Our coming to Virginia was not a sud- 
den move, for we had planned it for years, 
and our trip from Pennsylvania, moving 
our things in our old car, was an interest- 
ing and enjoyable one, especially as we 
followed the last hundred miles of roads 

winding and honeysuckle-bordered, fording 
every half mile or mile a little stream, until 
at last we approached the Blue Ridge, beau- 
tiful and brilliant in autumnal coloring of 
scarlet, green and gold. As to actual place 
or general direction, we knew little, except 
that we were bound for Pirkey, Va. After 
plowing through mud roads, recently rained 
upon, the night dark and still, darker from 
the shadow of the woodlands, the little 
runs seeming to get deeper and slicker as 
the miles stretched out, our car, queerly 
covered with canvas, causing excitement 
among some of the villagers, who thought 
we were an approaching " show," we finally 
landed safely and happily after most of the 
home lights were out and the hearth fires 
covered for the night. It was pleasant to 
receive a welcome from Miss Wampler 
and the six children, the latter already in 
bed, and equally pleasant to find rest which 
carried us past the^ hour of sunrise. When 
we did awake it was to find the sun glorious- 
ly shining through the windows and through 
cracks in the walls and ceiling, providing 
a means of enjoying a double share of sun- 
shine and moonlight on many days and 
nights thereafter. 

The children had been fully impressed 
that each person connected with the school 
must work or be sent away. A few days 
after our arrival I received my recognition 
of approval from the oldest child, when she 
spoke to Miss Wampler about not sending 
the Bollingers away, because she said they 
worked. And there surely was enough 
work to be done. I felt that though we 
were not the supposed " show," we certain- 
ly were in a " show " of some sort. 

After being with Miss Wampler only 
two days she sent us to a little run-down 
country church, Cedar Grove, for a week 
of meetings. There were only ten members 
in the community, but after a few nights 
the services were well attended by other 
friends and we all enjoyed the week to- 
gether a great deal, and felt that a new in- 
terest was stirred in the church. The season 
of the year was glorious, and we certainly 
enjoyed among other things the beauties 
of nature — holly bushes turning red, spruce 


The Missionary Visitor 


and hemlock on the lawns and woods, and 
golden chrysanthemums; and, after night 
services, when the air was frosty, a fire 
crackling in the hearth and apples passed 
around the circle. 

Not many newly-weds have the privilege 
of beginning their family life on such a 
large scale as we had. We were in Vir- 
ginia only two weeks when four more chil- 
dren were added to our circle, and together 
with Miss Wampler we cared for a family of 
ten children, exclusive of ourselves, making a 
family circle of thirteen. Let all the good 
mothers who read this remember their fami- 
lies of six, eight, or ten, and think how many 
buttons there were to be sewed on, holes to 
be mended, mouths to be fed, dirty faces 
and hands to be washed, wounds and bruises 
to be healed, and so on, through a list of 
these and similar duties. I almost had to 
undo a large part of my training at home 
and in school, for lack of time necessitated 
less thoroughness than according to my 
former methods. Our children are a source 
of pleasure most of the time. They are 
a happy and healthy lot. The new cloth- 
ing which we make for them and which 
our kind friends send in for them delight 
them so much. When it comes to the 
weekly baths, little seven-year-old Tommy 
declares I never scrub half hard enough, 
but I tell him that he, like all the other 
children, shine because they are so clean. 
Baby Frank, three years old, smiles away 
his bumps, and all his ailments are cured 
by a kiss. When they eat a whole box of 
oatmeal and four or five pancakes apiece at 
a breakfast, and never have a doctor, we 
feel pretty certain that they are healthy. 
While in the home that now is used as the 
parsonage, the walls were unplastered and 
sounds carried all over the house. I often 
wondered at myself that, hearing from be- 
low, their prayers at times almost drew 
tears to my eyes. They always remembered 
all those who had done anything for them. 
My wonder increased the next day when I 
felt an impulse to spank the group when in 
mischief. I have thanked God many times 
I have often thought of an illustration 
on " Rest " which Bro. Bonsack gave in the 
Manchester College chapel. It was that 
of two painters' ideas of rest expressed in 
pictures. Picture one portrayed a serene, 

quiet mountain pool, unruffled and undis- 
turbed by any breeze or current. Picture 
two portrayed a rushing, turbulent mountain 
stream, on the bank of which stood a large 
broken tree, and on an overhanging branch 
was a nest and a mother bird nestling over 
her young, undisturbed by the danger — 
just peacefully trusting. The first picture 
was considered incomplete, representing 
stagnation and inactivity rather than rest. 
The second picture showed the true idea 
of rest and work under any circumstances — 
just trusting all to higher point of power. 
One of the first things we have had to 
recognize and exercise down here is the 
value of a mind and body calm and un- 
ruffled by the daily round of duties. At one 
time I would not have supposed it possible 
to be at peace with ten children continually 
around and no place to keep them except 
in immediate presence. This has been neces- 
sary because of crowded conditions, first, 
alone in the parsonage, and then doubly 
increased after the arrival of Bro. Driver 
and his family, making a family circle of 
twenty in that six-room house, which was 
undergoing plaster-boarding. Now, since 
we are in the new school building, which is 
unfinished, it is necessary to keep the chil- 
dren in shelter and out of the way of work- 
men, so our living quarters have been the 
kitchen and at night cold dormitory rooms. 
In our crowded circumstances I think there 
has been no incident more amusing to me 
than that of a dinner preparation one night 
when the first meeting of the school board 
was convened at our former home. There 
were only two available rooms and the 
brethren were talking business in the one. 
It was also mealtime and too cold and dark 
for the children out of doors. The kitchen 
was too small for ten children and the 
cooks, so the only place left for the chil- 
dren was -under the table, and under the 
kitchen table they all went and remained 
until mealtime, while we, the cooks, felt 
like exclaiming, with the orator of old, 
" These are the times that try men's souls." 
The glorious blaze of autumn color has 
faded, and, save for mountain ferns, laurel 
and pine, the gold and scarlet have given 
way to grey and brown. But local color 
continues to add interest to our life as much 
as ever. 


The Missionary Visitor 





Church of the Bret 

Greene Count 

Miss Nelie and the tzvo babies 

This is the first outstanding Home 
Mission Enterprise designed for a 
special group undertaken by the Church. 
Notwithstanding the handicap in start- 
ing late, sixty-two are novo enrolled 
in the school The first Sunday- 
school January 7 zvas attended by fifty- 
four. The next Sunday ninety-three 
were present. January 21 the first 
preaching service zvas conducted. 

On guard duty, wt 

Through Prayer Everyone 

May Share in This 


The Workers with the nine orphans 

Henry S. Knight, the Farm Manager. 

Brother Knight has had fourteen 

years of experience and is 

very faithful 


The Missionary Visitor 


of the 

n Industrial School 

eer, Virginia 

This school dedicated to the Lord's 
Work December 10, 1922 is supported 
largely by the Sisters' Aid Societies of 
the Church. It is significant that the 
women of our church will have the 
honor of starting a new epoch in the 
history of our Home Mission enter- 
prise. Never before has such a project 
been launched by the Church of the 
Brethren in the Homeland. 

le of the teams on 

Amsey F. and Florence Bollinger, A. 
B. Graduates of North Man- 
chester College. Both are 
teaching in the School 

A Worth While In- 
vestment for Christian 

Sanger Hall, dedicated December 10, 

The orphans in a row. This is very meaningful. 
Hoiv does your heart react? 



The Missionary Visitor 



Cftfp ffiarkem' Qarnet 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


49 Baptized at Vyara, India. In a letter 
dated December 13, from Lillian Grisso, 
at the Vyara station, India, she reports 49 
baptisms during the month of November. 
Thirty of these are from the boarding 
school. This is splendid encouragement to 
those who have been supporting the school 
work at that station. 

84 Baptisms at Ping Ting Chou, China. 
December 17 is the date of a letter writ- 
ten by Brother I. E. Oberholtzer in China, 
telling us of the splendid ingathering at 
Ping Ting. After a two weeks' station in- 
quirers' class which was well attended, 84 
souls were buried with Christ in baptism. 
Now the problem has grown still bigger, 
for all of these folks must be taught and 
helped to grow Christian characters. It is 
a task for the home folks to remember them 
in prayer. 

Brother and Sister Ira W. Moomaw to 
Sail for India. February 10 is the sailing 
date for Brother and Sister Ira W. Moomaw. 
They will sail from New York on the S. S. 
" City of Harvard." Mail can be sent to 
them addressed New York City, c / Norton 
Lilly Steamship Co., for Outgoing Vessel 
S. S. " City of Harvard." 

Pastor William Fetler, who was in Amer- 
ica several years ago enlisting volunteers 
for mission work in Russia, writes us a 
letter from Warsaw, Poland, saying that at 
the beginning of 1922 they had forty-five 
missionaries and at the close of the year 
117 workers, scattered as life-giving seed 
from the hands of the bountiful Father, to 
Russians in Poland, Bulgaria, Roumania, 
Germany, and in parts of soviet Russia. He 
says he prays that we, in the sweet security 
of our American and English homes, may 
never see the misery his eyes have seen, 
nor hear the cry of the widow and orphans 
as it has rung in his ears during the in- 
terminable days of this memorable year. 

Bro. Dan Lichty, in India, writes a good 
letter, saying a number of things, among 
which we mention the following sentences: 
" It is a great pleasure to have the I. S. 
Long family with us again. Sister Mae 
Wolfe, who has just come to us, seems to 
be a good-spirited girl and is making her- 
self perfectly agreeable while she studies 
language at Anklesvar. In spite of the 
Turkish question we are enjoying com- 
parative political peace. Some of the home 
folks feared for our safety, but we are 
thankful that all is well so far. Drs. Cot- 
trell have been exceedingly hard-worked 
since coming back from furlough and the peo- 
ple literally flock to them. The best of it 
is they are being touched for good and they 
are far more friendly to Christianity than 
formerly. The bungalow we are repairing 
is nearing completion. You will be glad 
to know that the cost of building material 
is gradually coming down; however, the 
price of day labor is the highest ever. You 
will be pleased to know that a greater num- 
ber of our missionaries than usual are plan- 
ning to get out into the villages during 
this winter. Tomorrow I shall have to ap- 
pear at Bombay to get my teeth X-rayed. 
The doctor thinks that possibly some root 
infection may be the cause of all the ail- 
ments I have had in the last four years." 
You will see that his letter was quite full 
of news items. 

The Willing Workers' Class of the Kings- 
ley (Iowa) church gave $15 for the Brooklyn 
Italian church-building. The class con- 
sists of eight boys and girls and we com- 
mend them for their generous gift. 

The Bellefontaine Sunday-school reports 
an enrollment of forty-six for the year 1922, 
and a total offering of $126.83, of which 
$57.48 was for missions. They say they 
intend to make it still better for next year. 

The Roann (Ind.) School of Missions was 
a splendid success. Its examination papers 


The Missionary Visitor 


showed a splendid interest in the school. 
Nineteen people wrote examinations and 
received certificates from the General Mis- 
sion Board. 

A World Mission Conference will be held 
at Dayton, Ohio, Feb. 2-5, for the benefit 
of all denominations. Since Dayton and 
vicinity are so heavily peopled with Breth- 
ren it is quite fitting that our members 
should contribute their best in attendance, 
ideals and whatever we have, to this meet- 
ing. Information will appear in the Day- 
ton newspapers and can be secured from 
Bro. W. C. Detrick, pastor of the First 
Church of the Brethren at Dayton. 

The Brothersvalley Congregation, Pa., has 
had a very splendid Mission Study class 
studying, " The Better World," by Dennet. 
Thirty-four folks wrote examinations and all 
made very creditable grades. Certificates 
were awarded them. Certainly the mis- 
sionary pulse of a church must be con- 
siderably stronger on account of such a 
class. jj ^ 

Japan in Transition, $1.25, by Loretta L. 
Shaw. The George H. Doran Co. 

A vivid and authoritative work on pres- 
ent-day conditions in Japan. A 1922 book 
that shows the present situation in Japan 
from the Christian viewpoint. The transi- 
tion of Japan is so rapid that only a book 
such as this, telling the current situation, 
adequately describes Japan. The past his- 
tory of the people of Japan, the influence of 
Christianity on present-day laws and ideals, 
are adequately portrayed. Special emphasis 
is given to the place of women. The book 
will be much appreciated by the thought- 
ful student of missions. Also the reader 
making casual inquiry of present world con- 
ditions will find a generous store of in- 
formation. & 

Real Religion, $1.35,. by Gipsy Smith. The 
Geo. H. Doran Co. 

Gipsy Smith is undoubtedly the most 
unique figure in the whole realm of evan- 
gelistic effort. In the spring of 1921 he 
visited America for the twentieth time and 
conducted a series of campaigns with won- 
derful results. Whole cities were swayed 
and scores of thousands accepted the Chris- 

tian faith because of his appeal. He 
described the meetings as " the most notable 
of my experiences on five continents." He 
was at the very zenith of his power. 

The sermons he delivered in this cam- 
paign were marvels of direct, forcible, heart- 
felt eloquence on the greatest of themes, 
with no resort to slang or sensationalism. 
They have been gathered in this volume be- 
cause the many thousands who heard him 
will wish to have this permanent record of 
his inspiring words, and because in this form 
they will bear the Gospel in a never-to-be- 
forgotten way to those who may never hear 
the world-famous evangelist. 

Missionary Entertainments, 65 cents, in 
paper, by Sara Estelle Haskin. Smith & 
Lamar, publishers, Nashville, Tenn. 

Just what the missionary leaders and 
committees have been wanting. There are 
recitations and exercises for both the 
primaries and juniors. It also contains 
seventeen brief dialogues of missionary in- 
terest. £ 

Missionary Heroes of Africa, $1.50, by 
Rev. J. H. Morrison, M. A. The George 
H. Doran Co. 

Ten wonderful stories of ten great mis- 
sionaries. No man is better qualified, both 
because of the original- material which he 
has gathered and because of his skill as a 
writer to tell the stories of these devoted 
pioneers of the cross. With an introductory 
chapter on the History of African Missions 
he writes of Robert Moffat, David Living- 
stone, John Mackenzie, Stewart of Lovedale, 
Laws of Livingstonia,^ Mackay of Uganda, 
Grenfell of the Congo, Coillard of the Zam- 
besi, and Mary Slessor of Malabar. A book 
of rare interest to both old and young. 


Missionary Lessons in Sand 
If you have never used a sand table 
in teaching missionary lessons to children, 
you have one of the most effective meth- 
ods yet before you. The process is not 
half as involved as is generally supposed 
by those who have never tried it. 

Simple directions for making a sand table 
are given in the books of Sunday-school 




The Missionary Visitor 


methods. If you cannot get a regular sand 
table, have a wooden frame with a strip 
about five inches high nailed around the 
four sides, laid on a low table. Some in- 
genious leaders have used simply a very 
large bread pan or the lid of a large paste- 
board suit box. The table or stand should 
be low enough that the children can easily 
look down on it. Sprinkle the sand with 
water to make it damp enough to pack 
easily. The simpler the objects used, the 
more effective they are. People may be 
represented by tooth picks or by little paste- 
board figures. Tiny animals may be bought 
with Noah's arks at ten-cent stores. The 
African Village Set, with instructions for 
making it, which may be procured at the 
various Board headquarters for fifteen cents, 
is much more effective when made on a 
sand table than on a plain table. Jungles 
made of branches of trees and tangled vines, 
full of wild animals, afford opportunity for 
emphasizing the stories of the fetishes on 
which the African child depends for pro- 
tection. Round houses with straw-covered 
roofs may be quickly made from the flexible 
cardboard the laundries obligingly slip in 

Beautiful Japan lends itself readily to 
sand reproduction. Pieces of mirror on the 
bottom of the sand table may be uncovered 
to show the streams and lakes; stones and 
tiny shrubs bring out the beauty of the 
garden. Some of the boards have boxes 
in the shape of Japanese houses from which 
a village may be made. Cherry blossoms 
of pink paper fastened by wire to branches 
of trees, are effective. They may also be 
made by gluing pop corn dipped in pink 
colorite to bare branches. As the story 
is told the coming of the missionary may 
be pictured, with the building of churches 
and schools (made of pasteboard) and the 
downfall of the idol gods. The stories of 
North American Indians work out especial- 
ly well on the sand table. The tepees may 
be made of brown wrapping paper, cut in 
half circles with flaps folded back, decorated 
with bright design in water colors or cray- 
ons. Real woods made of branches stuck 
in the sand surround the tepees. Paste- 
board Indians with feathers in their head 
dresses may be outlined, colored and cut 
out. When made double they stand alone. 

The papoose in his pasteboard cradle may 
be hung " on the tree top." 

The sand table may easily be transformed 
for an Eskimo scene by a snow storm of 
white cotton. The Eskimo huts of white 
cardboard, supported by easel backs should 
have grey outlines to indicate blocks of 
ice from which they are built. Dogs mod- 
eled of clay or plasticine may be fastened 
to sleds of pasteboard. Work the stories 
out on the sand table, as you tell them. 
Keep objects to be used hidden in box until 
you come to them in the story. 

Do not permit the children simply to 
play in the sand or with the objects used. 
Keep sand table covered until you are 
read} 7- to use it. Let children stand back 
from it so all can see and call forward those 
who are to place certain objects or help 
make the mountains, rivers and forests. — 
From Missionary Review of the World. 


As stated in our price list (which will be 
sent on request), we give 40 per cent 
discount, postage paid, on all orders sent 
direct to us. 

Since your denomination has an organized 
stewardship department, send your orders 
direct to the Forward Movement, Elgin, 
111., enclosing at the same time at the rate 
of 25 cents in money, or its equivalent, for 
every hundred pamphlets you order priced 
at $1 per hundred; 75 per cent discount on 
all others not marked net. Send for price 

With your first order only send an addi- 
tional 25 cents for a large envelope contain- 
ing samples of nearly forty pamphlets, over 
400 pages, by more than twenty-five differ- 
ent authors; from these you can select for 
future orders. 

Do not send orders to The Layman 
Company at a greater discount than 40 per 
cent from list prices. 

For 50 cents we will send to any address, 
thirty-five pamphlets, over 400 pages, by 
more than twenty-five authors. The pack- 
age includes a Tithing Account Book and 
three Playlets. 

The La3'man Company. 

35 North Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Your name 
and address 


General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 

For Aunt Adalyn. 



Dear Aunt Adalyn: I like to read the 
Junior Missionary letters. I am nine years 
old. I like to go to Sunday-school. We 
live close to church, and go almost every 
Sunday. I am in the fourth reader at school. 
I have to go about two and a half miles. I 
like my teacher. We live on a farm, and 
have horses, cows, pigs and chickens for 
pets. I have two sisters. One will be five 
in December, and the other is three months. 
A question for some one to answer: What 
became of the ark of the covenant? Now I 
will give room for some one else. 

Your friend, 

Mansfield. Mo. Thelma Hill. . 

It is fine when there are so many things 
that one can "like." You feel better your- 
self, and so does everybody else that you 
touch. I expect that baby is your pet! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: This week has gone 
very fast. I am in the sixth grade. I like 
school very much, although I missed going 
several times. I think the recitations you 
put in this magazine are just the thing. I 
am sending you the answer to the Novem- 
ber "Enigma." It seemed very easy. 

Yours truly, Viola Bollinger. 

Shipshewana, Ind. 

When you get as old as your aunt, you'll 
think Time is made of nothing but wings! 
We'll have to make our programs full, and 
then get down to business, or we'll come 
short in our accounts when our Headmaster 
asks to see them! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I wish very much to 
join the Junior circle. I am ten years old. 

and in the sixth grade. I like my teacher 
very much. I am a " Junior " at Sunday- 
school, so I feel like being a part of this 
circle too. On Sunday evening from 7 
to 8 we have a Junior Band at the church. 
It is the Brethren church. I am sending 
the answer to " Crossword " in the Decem- 
ber number. I think the rest are hard 
"Xuts" to crack. I tried a long time to 
crack them. I do not want to take any 
more room, so I only ask that some one 
write to me. 

Egeland, N. Dak. Maxine Williams. 

They say it gets very cold in North 
Dakota, Maxine. Do you have to wear 
"galoshes" through the snow? Did you 
ever look at a snowflake through a magnify- 
ing glass? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am very sorry I 
haven't written before. I did not know there 
was a " Junior Missionary " until I was look- 
ing through the Visitor, and became inter- 
ested in reading the letters some of. the 
girls have written. We were down town 
today buying our Christmas presents. I 
guess everybody is in the Christmas spirit 
because it is so near the time. I will try 
to write again. Yours truly. 

Lois Heckman. 
Bethany Bible School, Chicago, 111. 

And isn't it lovely that we can keep the 
Christmas spirit in us the whole year round? 
I wonder if that isn't what Jesus meant, 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: Open the happy circle 
and let me in. if you please. I enjoy the 
" Junior Missionary " so much that I de- 
cided to join and make it a little bigger. 
I am sending the answer to a question in 
the December number: "What is the Gold- 
en Text of the Bible?" John 3: 16. Here 
is another: What queen risked her life to 
save her people? I am nine years old and 
in the fourth grade. I go to Hillcrest 
school. My teacher's name is Miss Hardin. 
I would like to have some of the Juniors 
write to me. Yours lovingly, 

Gladys Ethel Snavely. 

Flowing Springs Ranch, Wauneta, Nebr. 
That sounds delightful — a " flowing 
spring " means so much for grass, flowers, 


The Missionary Visitor 


crops, cattle, people, and. general utility. 
Just like the Bible, isn't it? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I thought I would 
step in for a few minutes. This is my first 
attempt to write for your circle. I am- nine 
years old, and will be ten in June. I am 
in the fifth grade. I live with my grand- 
parents. My mother died when I was four 
days old. I wish you all a happy Christ- 
mas. I would like to get a letter from 
some of you writers. I love to get letters 
and read them too. I will tell you about 
our trip to Florida. We have spent two 
winters there. We saw many orange groves 
and lakes on the way. I saw a man with 
a deer's head. He had killed the deer out 
in the forest. I went in bathing with some 
other girls while I was there. I will make 
room for some one else. 

Your friend, 

Wirtz, Va. Mozelle Boone. 

I have no doubt your grandparents are 
taking good care of you. I should think 
it would be a delightful sensation to bathe 
in the warm waters of the Florida Atlantic! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I wonder if there is 
room for any more in the circle? I love 
to read the Junior Missionary. I am thir- 
teen years old and in the seventh grade at 
school. In our class at Sunday-school there 
are four girls and two boys. Well, I will 
leave room for some one else. 
Yours truly, 

Martha Stayer. 

R. A, Box 230, Fresno, Calif. 

I should think those two boys would 
hustle around and get two more boys, so 
your work would be better balanced! Sup- 
pose you dare them in a contest. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I can hardly wait for 
the Junior Missionary to come. I like to 
read the letters and make out the puz- 
zles. I am sending the " Crossword " for 
December. I wish some of the other girls 
would write to me, as I like to receive 
letters from other States, although I re- 
ceive letters quite often from Michigan 
from my niece. I am eleven years old. I 
must close, so more will have room. I re- 
main. Your loving niece, 

Viola Bollinger. 

Shipshewana, Ind., Box 102. 

Doesn't it seem a little odd to be an 
" aunty " when you are only eleven years 
old? First thing you know you'll be 
" grandma "! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am sending you 

some new puzzles which you may use for 

the Junior Missionary if you want to. I 

am also sending answers to the December 

puzzles. I think it is fun to work out puz- 

zles, and make them too. I found the 
Decapitations in the Synonyms and Anto- 
nyms. I think it helps to increase one's vo- 
cabulary, and that is what we have been 
doing at school. We were very pleased to 
get your letters and greeting, and we will 
write later. Wishing a Happy New Year 
to you and the Junior Missionaries, 
Your friend, 

Nellie O. Moser. 

Dallas Center, Iowa. 

You did a good job with your puzzles, 
Nellie. Now I am sure the rest of the 
Juniors will come running for the snow- 
shovel to dig a path to the inside of their 
brains! It's good exercise. 


(The " Nuts " this month are contributed by Nellie 
Moser, Dallas Center, Iowa.) 


1. Behead a food and leave something 

2. Behead to cancel and leave a yard. 

3. Behead a medicine and leave sick. 

4. Behead a fruit and leave a part of the 

5. Behead part of the body and leave 

6. Behead a stock food and leave a verb. 

7. Behead a young animal and leave aid. 

8. Behead fun and leave a harbor. 

9. Behead to vex and leave comfort. 

What Tree Is 
1. Warmest? 2. Sad? 3. Good to chew? 
4. Bright and alert? 5. Grows by the sea? 

6. Dead while alive? 7. Part of the hand? 
8. Not fancy? 

Jumbled Books of the Bible 
1. O Sam. 2. Repet. 3. Cats. 4. Thru. 
5 Theres. 6. Bad Ohia. 7. Nip his lip as. 
8. Rachie haz. 9. Nor Sam. 10. Am he 
hen I. 11. Raze. 12. Lampss. 13. Tut is. 
14. E in lad? 15. Keez lie. 16. O mye rude 

(Answers next month) 

January Nuts Cracked 
Hidden Missionaries. — 1. Garner. 2. Mow. 
3. Summer. 4. Long. 5. Nickey. 6. Ross. 

7. Swartz. 8. Stover. 
Crossword. — Nazareth. 

" When the young people get to going 
for God we will put the devil in the hospital 
in about two weeks." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Choral Society " of Vyara Boarding School Girls, Using the New Children's Song Book. 
They Sing Very Well, and Enjoy the Songs Also 


Mama, tell me, if you please, 
How the water comes in seas? 
Why can flies walk on the wall? 
I have tried, and often fall. 
What are pipes on engines for? 
Answer these and then some more. 

Mama, tell me, when can I 
Eat a great big custard pie? 
Hold a razor in its place, 
Shaving jaggers from my face? 
May I buy things at the store? 
Answer these and then some more. 

Mama, tell me once again, 
How to count to more than ten. 
Will you buy for me this fall 
Just a rubber-tired, big ball? 
Why tell me that I'm a bore? 
Answer these and then some more. 

Mama, tell me, who is God? 
Why can't I make trees and sod? 
Why does frost kill garden things? 
Can birds fly with broken wings? 
Why do lions loudly roar? 
Answer these and then some more. 

Mama, what are preachers for? 
Do you think they know much more 
Than the teacher or the class 
Or the other folks that pass 
By our window and our door? 
Answer these and then some more. 

Mama, may I cross the sea 
A missionary child to be? 
Would they understand my talk? 
Do they ride or must they walk? 

Do their shoes make their feet sore? 
Answer these and then some more. 

Mama, when I've grown so tall 
Shall I preach and teach like Paul? 
Why do bears in winter sleep? 
Why do angels vigil keep? 
Does God love me o'er and o'er? 
Answer these and then some more. 

Billy's Mama. 


Mrs. Kathryn B. Garner 
I wonder what you boys and girls would 
do if you wanted to give some one a pres- 
ent and you were very poor and had nothing 
to give. I will tell you what some little 
Indian boys did one time. 

These boys were living in a boarding 
school. A certain missionary and his wife 
were overseeing the school. The boys al- 
ways called the missionary Saheb, and his 
wife Madam Saheb, so we will speak of them 
by those names in this story. 

Saheb looked after the school work and 
the buying of things for the school. 
Madam Saheb was like a mother to the 
boys. She saw that their food was well 
cooked, that their clothes were mended 
and if any were sick she gave them medi- 
cine. If the small boys were quite sick 
she sometimes took them to the bungalow 
and cared for them until they were well 


The Missionary Visitor 


Saheb and Madam Saheb loved the boys 
very much and the boys loved them too. 
So when these missionaries were to go to 
another station to live the boys hated to 
see them go and wanted to give them a 

All of the boys were very poor. Some 
of them were orphans. Because of this 
they were brought into the school and 
cared for. While in the school they were 
given food and clothing and only the things 
they needed to use, except when they did 
special work, when they were paid for it, 
and that money Madam Saheb kept for 
them. The one thing they had that was 
really their own was a brass drinking cup 
that had been given each one for Christ- 

One afternoon a few days before the 
missionaries were to leave, one of the boys 
came to Madam Saheb and asked, " Will 
you come over to the school? We want to 
see you." She replied, " Yes." After a 
little while she went. 

As she came near the school the boys 
all came out in front to greet her. She 
noticed that all of them were holding their 
hands behind them. One . little fellow 
stepped up to her and presented his cup 
that he had been holding behind his back 
and said, " You take this." She said, "Why, 
no, that is yours, you keep it." 

" But we want to give you something 
and we don't have anything else." 

" Well, never mind," said Madam Saheb, 
" I can't take your cups." 

Then one asked, " Well then, will you 
give us some of our money? We want you 
to have something to remember us by." 

So they were given some of their money 
and they bought two nice brass cups and 
gave one to Saheb and one to Madam 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India. 

A little boy came home from Sunday- 
school and said that the Golden Text was, 
" Whatsoever a man ' seweth ' that shall 
surely ' rip.' " He was not so far wrong, 
when we remember God's Word that " Ex- 
cept the Lord build the house, they labor 
in vain that build it." 


The specimens which follow were culled 
from the composition papers of a school in 

The sun is beginning to set down. 

I jump when I have cool. 

The sun is unsetting. 

When the temperature is cold the boys 
are very alive. 

The beans grow in Chile, the Chilean is 
very good for the bean. 

When a woman is going to marry it will 
put on a pretty garb. 

If you put a glass on the floor where 
the sun can see it it will gleam. 

An ant is tiny but its fingernail is an 

We know that the earth is round because 
men have turned around and have reached 
that same place from which they started. 

The stones go kicking each other and 
make soil. 

It is cold on high mountains because near 
heaven it is very cold. 

When the cow do not want to be taked 
of her milk we can give her salt and she 
will be much kinder. 

The girl put the dough in the fire and in 
a moment the bread was boiled. 

Susie made the bread swift and it was 
ready almost. 

A country is a nation what is dominated 
by a king. 

The Indian boys not work, the girls yes. 

While the prairie fires were sweeping 
over. the Middle W T est, a rescue party rode 
out to see if any would need help. Rid- 
ing past a charred cottage, they saw what 
appeared to be a black chicken on the 
ground. On going up to it, they found 
that it evidently had been a hen, but was 
quite dead, the head and back being burned 
almost to a cinder; but the bird sat in 
such a striking way, with her wings partly 
spread out, that one of the men gave her a 
kick with his foot, and three little chicks 
ran out. Bravely the mother hen had 
covered them, in face of the roaring fire; 
and bravely she had sat still in the midst 
of the scorching flames, choosing rather to 
be burned to death than that one of them 
should perish. — Mrs. Stephen Menzies, in 
" Traveler's Guide." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tract Distribution. During the month of December 
the Board sent out 976 tracts. 

Correction No. 8. See November Visitor, page 429, 
under World Wide. Credit to Greenmount Cong., 
No. Va., of $50.00 has since been designated for sup- 
port of I. S. Long and wife. 

Conference Offering. The Conference (Forward 
Movement) offering for the year ending Feb. 28, 
1923, at this time stands as follows: 

Cash received, all funds since March 1, 
1922, $167,651.80 

Pledges outstanding, 20,665.43 

Total, $188,317.23 

December Receipts. The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during Decem- 

Arizona— $12.59 

Cong. : Phoenix, $ 12 59 

California— $1,220.40 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $45.70; Chico, 
$12.08; Empire, $22.75; Figarden, $25.46; 
Golden Gate. $25; Laton, $37.25; Lindsay, 
$368.10; McFarland, $45.02; Patterson, $47.60; 
Reedley, $116.08; Waterford, $28.48; C. Ed- 
ward Wolf (Rarsin) $2; P. E. Robertson 
& Wife (Lindsay) $100; S. S. : Laton, $5; 
Reedley D. V. B. S., $13.65; Indv. : Rev. C. 
C. Price, $5; Mrs. Clara A. Holloway, $2, .. 901 17 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, $109.70; Pasa- 
dena, $105.40; Santa Ana, $25.04; Inglewood, 
$55.76; C. W. S.: Hemet, $8.33; Indv.: Ira 
Studebaker, $10; Theron Cooney & wife, $5, 319 23 
Canada— $25.50 

Cong.: Treva Strycker (Battle Creek), 

$25.00; Indv.: Luther Shatto, $.50, 25 50 

Cclorado— $272.92 

X. E. Dist., Antioch. $8.56; Colorado 
Springs, $3; Denver, $21.21, 32 77 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $215; 

First Grand Valley, $25.15, 240 15 

Florida— $171.40 

Cong.: Sebring, $151.40; Indv.: Wm. 

Wertz, $10.00; J. E. Young, $10.00, 171 40 

Idaho— $112.45 

Cong.: Xezperce, $24.65; Xampa, $20.02; 
Moscow, $8; Boise Valley, $55.78; L. H. Eby 

& Family (Weiser) $4, 112.45 

Illinois— $1,226.41 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, $101.24; 
Milledgeville, $145.33; Polo, $190.68; Hast- 
ings St. Mission (Chicago), $25.49; Free- 
port, $16.18; Sterling, $7.86; Yellow Creek, 
$27.00; Franklin Grove. $222.80; Bethany 
(Chicago) $35.34; Shannon, $72.20; Elgin, 
$79.95; Hickory Grove, $7.38; J. H. & Birdie 
Morris (Chicago), $5; A. F. Wine (Chicago) 
$25; Clement Bontrager (Chicago) $5; Xo. 
61035 (Louise) (Waddams Grove) $1; Jennie 
Harley (Elgin) $1.20; S. S. Adult Dept., 
Bethany (Chicago), $21.87, 1,054 56 

So. Dist., Cong.: Astoria, $82.28; Allison 
Prairie, $5; Macoupin Creek, $30; Wood- 
land, $24; Cerro Gordo. $16.05; Evelyn M. 
Bowers (Big Creek), $6; S. S. : So. Fulton 
(Astoria) $3.52; Signal Light Girls' Class 

(Astoria), $5.00, 171 85 

Indiana— $2,087.82 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Walton Mission (Up- 
per Deer Creek), $50; Ogans Creek. $41; 
Sugar Creek, $7.25; Clear Creek, $50; Xettle 
Creek, $98.51; Pipe Creek, $23.40; Pleasant 
View, $42.30; Markle, $3.50; Flora, $68.20; 
Santa Fe, $14; W. Manchester, $50; Emma 
J. Reiff, (Burnettsville). $5; Manchester, 

$107.05; Pleasant Dale, $28.20; A Sister 
(Spring Creek), $1; Grace Miller Murphy 
(Courter) (Mexico), $5 594.41 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Wakarusa, $7.50; Cedar 
Lake, $10; Elkhart Valley, $33.80; Blue 
River, $16.23; Goshen City, 101.75; New 
Salem, $17.36; Cedar Creek, $10.90; Sec. So. 
Bend, $39.09; English Prairie, $15; Ply- 
mouth, $17; Xo. Liberty, $24.50; First So. 
Bend, $56.36; Bethel, $18; Camp Creek, 
$11.15; Middlebury, $6.96; Baugo, $28; Mrs. 
Xellie C. Zimmerman (Goshen) $3; Martha 
A. Marquart (Ft. Wayne) $5; Mrs. G. W. 
Shively & Son Edgar (Xo. Winona Lake), 
$2.50; Mrs. Lucinda Weaver (Wawaka), $1; 
S. S.: Elkhart City, $28.83; C. W. S.: Bethel 
Junior, $2.04; Indv.: Jacob A. Eberly, $5, 460 97 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $40; Pyrmont, 
$34.51; Mississinewa, $26; Mt. Pleasant, 
$9.35; Anderson, $48.70; Mattie Mathews 
(Middletown), $2; E. W. Garrett (Muncie) 
$864.22; Mrs. Elizabeth Miller (Xew Hope) 
$1; Ettie E. Holler (Xettle Creek) $5; 

Indv.: Henry Acker, $1.66, 1,032 44 

Iowa— $903.64 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $181.24; 
Garrison, $36.18; Cedar, $83.10; Moses Dear- 
dorff & wife (Coon River), $2; C. B. Rowe 
(M. X.) (Dallas Center) $.50; Indv.: S. 
Schlotman, $.40 303-42 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Grundy Co., $182.94; 
Greene, $17.60; Franklin Co., $10; A. M. 
Sharp (Fredericksburg) $6; Eld. A. P. 
Blough (M. X.) (So. Waterloo) $.50; Mrs. 
Tete Zapf (Ivester, Grundy Co.) $5; Re- 
becca Heagley (Sheldon) $5; David Brallier 
& family (Curlew) $10; Wm. Perkins 
(Greene) $3.80; S. S.: Franklin Co., $11.01; 
Indv.: Mrs. Frances Beeghly, $10 261 85 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, $67.80; Coun- 
cil Bluffs. $3.10; English River, $55.88; Fair- 
view, ^i3; Monroe Co., $5; Libertyville, 
$125.45; Leander Smith (Council Bluffs), 
$.50; E. S. & D. H. Fouts and S. W. Rob- 
erts & wife (Monroe Co.) $15; H. & B. A. 
Kurtz (Salem) $5; S. S. : Monroe Co., $2.32; 
Osceola, $7.50; Salem, $10.00; Council Bluffs, 

$2.82; Aid Soc. : Monroe Co., $5, 338 37 

Kansas— $960.46 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: Overbrook, $35; Sa- 
betha, $4; Olathe. $25.90; Richland Center, 
$34.07; Chapman Creek, $7.54; Ozawkie, $17; 
Morrill, $203; Topeka, $8.50; Ottawa, $44.20; 
Washington Creek, $17.20; McLouth, $3.25; 
Lawrence. $12.95; Mrs. Lydia Kimmel (Mc- 
Louth) $10; Rock Creek, $3.02; Mrs. D. E. 
Bower (McLouth), $2; Geo. Manon (M. N.) 
(Abilene) $.50; E. W. Funderburgh & wife 
(Sabetha), $125, 553 13 

X. W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove, $15.25; 
Burr Oak, $18.71; White Rock, $8.97; Kate 
Wheatstone (Maple Grove), $4, 46 93 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parsons, $20; Mont Ida, 
$4.10; Osage, $26.45; Two individuals of Xew 
Hope, $20; Aid Soc: Osage, $10, 80 55 

S.. W. Dist., Cong.: W. Wichita, $13.60; 
Larned, $11.80; E. Wichita, $11; Xevvton, 
$21.45; McPherson. $65.50; Bloom. $10.50; No. 
60301 (W. Wichita), $30; Indv.: John Frantz 
& wife, $10; J. N. Bailey & Son, $100; Jo- 
hanna Jolitz, $5; Mary G. Morelock, $1, 279 85 

Louisiana — $17.15 

Cong.: Roanoke 17 15 

Maryland— $1,188.29 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Woodberry (Baltimore), 
$117.17; Beaver Dam, $10.75; Meadow 
Branch, $73.36; Fulton Ave. (Baltimore), 
$75.25; Washington City. $150; Bethany, 
$40.00; Chas. F. Miller & wife (Pipe Creek), 
$5; Anna M. Klein (Frederick City), $5; 


The Missionary Visitor 


A family in Middletown Valley, $50; S. S.: 
Farmington (Bethany), $5; Westminster 
(Meadow Branch), $16.16; Indv.: O. A. Hel- 
big & wife, $15 562 69 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Longmeadow (Beaver 
Creek), $17; Welsh Run, $55.40; Brownsville, 
$197.06; Manor, $42.24; Broadfording (Welsh 
Run), $80.34; Mt. Zion (Beaver Creek), $20; 
S. S.: Pleasant View, $100; Aid Soc: Pleas- 
ant View, $5; C. W. S.: Pleasant View, 
$10, 527 04 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $25; Fair- 
view, $48.56; Arthur Scrogum (Bear Creek), 

$25, .! • 98 56 

Michigan— $369.50 

Cong.: Thornapple, $72; Detroit, $40; 
Grand Rapids, $9; Sunfield, $8.50; Wood- 
land Village, $45.50; Battle Creek, $23.28; 
Homestead, $6; Rodney, $6.90; Beaverton, 
$119.86; Sugar Ridge, $13; Durand Mission 
(Elsie), $15.50; S. S.: Zion, $3.46; Aid Soc: 
Onekama, $5; Indv.: Mrs. Amanda Sielske, 

$1.50, 369 50 

Minnesota— $143.42 

Cong.: Worthington, $8.42; Root River, 
$84.57; Minneapolis, $20; Mrs. Susan Hen- 
ninger (Nemadji), $5; S. S.: Root River, 
$25.43 143 42 

Missouri— $386.65 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Warrensburg, $32.50; 
Prairie View, $14.00; Happy Hill, $3.20; 
Kansas City, $13.83; Elda Gauss (Center- 
view), $5 68 53 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wakenda, $54; Bethany, 
$12.24; Rockingham, $95.10; Smith Fork, $41; 
E. N. Huffman (No. St. Joseph), $25; S. S-.: 
"Live Wire" Class, Rockingham, $15.05; 
" Merry Maids " Class, Rockingham, $4.32; 
"Dorcas" Class, Rockingham, $5; "Ever 
Ready " Boys' Class, Rockingham, $2; 
" Sunbeam " Class, Rockingham, $14.75, .... 268 46 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 23 66 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $11; D. H. 
Wampler (Dry Fork), $5; C. I. Masters 
(Peace Valley), $2; No. 60865 (Cabool), $5; 
Mrs. Louisa Shaw (Cabool), $3, 26 00 

Montana — $13.83 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grandview, 13 83 

N eb raska— $199.02 

Cong.: Falls City, $7.14; So. Red Cloud, 
$8.28; Octavia, $53.90; Omaha, $20.44; Lin- 
coln, $18.50; So. Beatrice, $66.76; S. S. : Af- 

ton, $19; Indv.: Dennis Saylor, $5, 199.02 

New Mexico— $17.77 

Cong. : Clovis, 17 77 

North Carolina— $82.45 

Cong.: Maple Grove, $11.25; Bethel, $9.95; 
Pleasant Grove, $2.15; Mill Creek, $11.10; 
Brummetts Creek, $10; H. H. Masters 
(Pleasant Grove), $5; Grady Masters 
(Pleasant Grove) $5; H. B. Layman & 
wife (Bethel) $16; Indv.: Mrs. Nellie M. 
Frisbee, $12 82 45 

North Dakota— $91.01 

Cong.: Ellison, $64.01; Kenmare, $20; 
Berthcld, $5; Indv.: J. M. Sadler, Sr., $2, .. 91 01 

Ohio— $1,968.25 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Akron, $42.40; Hart- 
ville, $107.52; Black River, $41.75; Ashland 
City, $25.70; Reading, $33.78; Wooster, $60; 
Baltic, $102; Woodworth, $28.33; Maple 
Grove, $64.71; Akron, $20; Lucinda Stuckey 
(Freeburg), $10; Catharine Wohlgamuth 
(Mohican) $20; A Sister (W. Nimishillen), 
$5; Mrs. Tena Keller & children (Owl 
Creek), $5; Elizabeth Toms (Owl Creek), $5; 
D. H. Bowman & wife (Black River), $5; 
Missionary Committee (Jonathan Creek) 
$26.05; S. S.: Reading, $20.22; Aid Soc: Orr- 
ville (Wooster), $25; Reading, $10; Indv.: 
Unknown donor of Alliance, $15, 672 46 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, $40; 
Pleasant View, $114.51; No. Poplar Ridge, 
$27.40; Logan, $24.81; Green spring, $23; 
Fostoria, $92.46; Eagle Creek, $17.71; Baker, 
$175; Carnet Roberts & wife (Pleasant 
View), $5; E. H. Rosenberger & wife 

(Sugar Ridge), $5; S. S. : Junior Girls' 

Class, Pleasant View, $18; Wyandot, $25. .. 567 89 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ft. McKinley, $127.81; 
Pleasant Hill, $29; Greenville, $68.50; Poplar ' 
Grove, $27.17; Ludlow (Pitsburg), $10; New 
Carlisle, $65.53; Strait Creek Valley, $4.63; 
Castine (Prices Creek), $37.50; Marble Fur- 
nace, $4.51; Salem, $73.25; W. Charleston, 
$120; Beaver Creek, $17.12; Painter Creek, 
$26.10; E. Dayton, $9.38; Pleasant Valley, $20; 
Lower Miami, $20; A sister & brother (Day- 
ton), $5; S. S.: Painter Creek & Red River 
(Painter Creek), $8.30; Junior & Inter- 
mediate Mission Study Classes, Painter 
Creek, $20.40; Bethel (Salem) $31.45; Indv.: 

Aaron Weaver, $.25; Katie Beath, $2, 727 90 

Oklahoma— $197.55 

Cong.: Thomas, $71.10; Washitaw, $111; 
Guthrie, $8.45; D. L. Kinzie (Big Creek), $2; 

Indv., E. L. Lawver & wife, $5, 197 55 

Oregon— $74.25 

Cong.: Grants Pass (Williams), $20; Ma- 
bel, $10; Albany, $11.25; Portland, $30.70; S. 

S. : Albany, $2.30, 74 25 

Pennsylvania — $2,412.02 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mechanic Grove, $15; 
Palmyra, $45.26; E. Fairview, ^37; Indian 
Creek, $68.05; W. Green Tree, $69.04; Little 
Swatara, $57.25; Mingo, $63.27; Lake Ridge, 
$10.77; Chiques, $155.16; Lititz, $145.73; 
Mountville, $32; Hatfield, $111.35; Big Swa- 
tara, $82.50; Freeville, $15.60; J. G. Meyer 
(M. N.) (Elizabethtown), $.50; A. M. Kuhns 
(Big Swatara), $6; M. S. Stoner (Ephrata), 
$.50; Eld. I. W. Taylor (M. N.) (Ephrata), 
$.50; No. 60376 (Myerstown), $50; S. S.: Mt. 
Hope (Chiques), $14.50; " Up-Streamers " 
Class (Lake Ridge), $5, 984 88 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Burnham, $6.84; Fred- 
ericksburg (Clover Creek) $24.52; Warriors 
Mark, $1.80; Glendale (Artemas) $9.19; Ar- 
temas, $12; Jos. Crawford (Everett) $5; 
Susan Rouzer (Dunnings Creek), $10; Mary 
A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $2; Mrs. M. M. 
Claar Exline (Queen) $10; Missionary Meet- 
ing, Fredericksburg (Clover Creek) $15; S. 
S.: Warriors Mark, $2.22; Y. P. Meeting, 
Warriors Mark, $2.75; Aid Soc; Fredericks- 
burg (Clover Creek), $5, *> 106 32 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, $127.27; Rou- 
zerville (Antietam), $9; Lower Conewago, 
$4; Codorus, $157.64; York, $51.71; Upper 
Conewago, $69.68; Pleasant Hill, $89.23; Han- 
over, $30; Upper Cumberland, $30.65; A sis- 
ter (Hanover) $5; Catharine Garland (Car- 
lisle), $5; Mrs. Otelia Hereter (Marsh 
Creek) $5; L. K. Baker & wife (Upper Con- 
ewago), $10; Nora Sieber Sausman (Lost 
Creek), $25; S. S.: Lower Cumberland, $10; 
Indv.: Ellen Strauser, $1; Alice M. Win- 
and, $5, 635 18 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Germantown, $165; 
Lizzie Brower & mother (Parkerford), $5; 
Emma N. Cassel (Norristown), $10, 180 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Run (Connells- 
ville), $38; Quemahoning, $27.32; Johnstown, 
$18.17; Geiger, $11.00; Rockton, $20; Shade 
Creek, $22.11; Beachdale House (Berlin), 
$32.51; Montgomery, $83; Pittsburgh, $20.30; 
Purchase Line (Manor), $41.07; Manor, 
$13.50; J. Lloyd Nedrow (M. N.) (Johns- 
town), $1; W. N. Myers (M. N.) (Manor), 
$.50; Andrew Chrise (Marklesburg), $5; D. 
L. Callihan & wife (Windber), $5; Wm. K. 
Conner (M. N.) (Harrisburg), $.50; Lucy J. 
Berkey (Johnstown) $5; D. P. Hoover & 
wife (Moxham), $100; John D. Minser & 
wife (Rockton), $30; Nannie McMillen (Plum 
Creek, $1; Alice A. Roddy (Johnstown), $5; 
S. S.: Greenville (Rockton). $7.25; Susie 
McKeown of Greenville (Rockton), 5; 
Women's Bible Class (Red Bank), $3.41; Aid 

Soc. : Elk Lick, $10, 505 64 

South Dakota— $35.73 

Cong.: Willow Creek, ." 35 73 

Tennessee — $57.75 

Cong.: Limestone, $13; Beaver Creek, $5; 
Meadow Branch, $9.50; Knob Creek, $10; 
New Hope, $12.25; Indv.: F. G. Davis, $3; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mrs. Mary E. Shadow. $5 57 75 

Texas— $7.60 

Cong.: Nocona 7 60 

Virginia— $426.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: Locust Grove, $12; Bel- 
mont. $5; Oronoco. $4; Hollywood, $20; Val- 
ley, $22.20; Movella E. Utz (Madison), $5; 
Mrs. Hontas Utz (Madison), $5; Aid Soc. : 
Mt. Herman (Midland), $5 78 20 

First Dist., Cong.: Chestnut Grove, $45.83; 
Mrs. Mary Tucker (Johnsville), $3; Mrs. M. 
A. Riner (Chestnut Grove), $1, 49 83 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rileyville (Mt. Zion), 
$40.86; Newport (Mt. Zion), $7.05; Valley 
Pike (Woodstock), $13.52; Cedar Grove (Flat 
Rock) $45.40; Cooks Creek, $17.53; Unity, 
$37.95; Salem, $9.50; S. H. & Rebecca Cas- 
ady (Cooks Creek), $3, 174.81 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Sangersville, $8.50; Bar- 
ren Ridge, $11.15; Chimney Run, $2.06; Val- 
ley Bethel, $15.62; A sister (Barren Ridge), 
$10; S. S.: Hevener, $3.71, 5104 

So. Dist., Cong.: Burks Ford, $4.50; Red 
Oak Grove, $8.25; White Rock, $4.15; Pleas- 
ant Valley, $18.62; Topeco, $21.50; Chris- 
tiansburg, $6.15; Schoolfield, $7.65; Mrs. 

Nannie Sutphin (Red Oak Grove) $2, 72 82 

Washington— $152.05 

Cong.: Sunnyside, $25.69; Olympia, $5.80; 
Seattle, $28.35; Centralia. $8; Wenatchee, 
$20.41; Outlook, $28; Jas. Wagoner & wife 
(Okanogan Valley), $5; Mrs. L. P. Dun- 
ning (Wenatchee), $4; B. F. Glick (Tacoma), 
20; B. J. Fike (M. N.) (Sunnyside), $.50; C. 

W. S.: Yakima, $6.30, 152 05 

West Virginia— $519.84 

First Dist., Cong.: Maple Spring (Eglon), 
$188.47; Brookside (Eglon), $26.82; Glade 
View (Eglon), $37.66; Harman, $17.00; Green- 
land, $7.60; Beaver Run, $35.44; Bean Settle- 
ment, $5.61; White Pine, $1; Tearcoat, $5.78; 
Red Creek, $17.57; Sandy Creek, $120.67; Old 
Furnace, $10; Streby Church, $5.69; C. H. 
& B. H. Baker (Eglon), $11; S. P. Idleman 
(Greenland), $3.18; Mrs. C. H. Poling 
(Greenland), $5; Stella A. Cosner (Alle- 
gheny), $1; B. F. Wratchford (Eglon), $5; 
Fannie M. Bane (Beaver Run), $5; Indv.: 
Maude Hanlin, $2, 51149 

Sec. Dist., Beans Chapel, 8 35 

Wisconsin— $25.25 

Cong.: Chippewa Valley, $7.48; Stanley, 
$12.77; Rice Lake, $5, 25 25 

Total for the month $ 15.379 67 

Total previously reported 26.305 02 

$ 41,684 69 
Correction No. 8, 50 00 

Total for the year $41,634 69 

Indiana— $188.00 

Mid. Dist., Students & Faculty of Man- 
chester College $ 188 00 

Pennsylvania— $66.00 

E. Dist., Students & faculty of Elizabeth- 
town College 66 00 

Total for the month $ 254 00 

Total previously reported, 2,479 43 

Total for the year, , $ 2,733 43 

Arizona — $5.00 

Aid Soc: Phoenix, $ 5 00 

California— $15.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, 15 00 

Colorado — $25.00 

W. Dist., Aid Soc,: Fruita 25 00 

Illinois— $125.00 

No. Dist. Aid Societies 125 00 

Iowa— $50.00 

Mid. Dist.. Aid Soc: Dallas Center 
(Dorm. Equipt.) 50 00 

Maryland— $65.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Brownsville, 65 00 

M'ssouri— $25.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc, Smith Fork, 25 00 

Ohio— $368.40 

X. E. Dist., Aid Societies 213 40 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Beech Grove, $10; So. 

Dist. Aids, $145, 155 00 

Pennsylvania — $245.00 

E. Dist.. Aid Soc. : Midway, 50 00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Germantown, $100; 

Parkerford, $25; Coventry, $50; Pottstown, 

$10; Bethany, $10, 195 00 

West Virginia— $10.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Sandy Creek, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 933 40 

Total previously reported, 1,138 83 

Total for the year, $ 2,072 23 

California— $4.50 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: Hemet $ 4 50 

Illinois— $2.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Susie Hodge (Lanark), 2 00 

Indiana — $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A brother (Roann), ... 5 00 

Michigan — $11.00 

Cong.: Shepherd, 1100 

Virginia— $100.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: N. A. Evers (Beaver 
Creek), 100 00 

Total for the month $ 122 50 

Total previously reported, 430 18 

Total for the year, $ 552 68 


Illinois— $12.38 

No. Dist., C. W. S. : Franklin Grove 

Junior, $ 12 38 

Indiana — $52.93 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eld. H. C. Early 
(Flora), $15; S. S. : Lower Deer Creek, 

$37.93, 52 93 

Minnesota — $5.00 

Indv.: John W. Ogg & wife, 5 00 

Nebraska— $4.00 

Cong.: S. Beatrice, $2; Omaha Ladies' 

Sewing Bee, $2 4 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Women's Bible Class, Red 

Bank, 10 00 

Virginia— $164.13 

E. Dist., C. S. Pence (Midland) (Furnish- 
ing 1 room) $50; Dedication Service at 
school. $104.13 154 13 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: A sister (Barren Ridge) 10 00 

Total for the month $ 248 44 

Total previously reported 538 27 

Total for the year $ 786 71 

California — $15.00 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Pasadena, $ 15 00 

Minnesota— $5.26 

Cong. : Hancock 5 26 

Ohio— $44.50 

N. E. Dist.. Cong.: E. Chippewa 32 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Toledo 12 50 

Pennsylvania— $75.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parkerford, 75 00 

Virginia— $102.75 

First Dist., Cong.: Spruce Run (Monroe) 2 75 

Sac. Dist., Cong.: N. A. Evers (Beaver 

Creek), 100 00 

West Virginia— $25.25 

First Dist.. S. S. : Harness Run (Knobley 
and Beaver Run), 25 25 

Total for the month $ 267 76 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 
Total for the year, 

200 00 

$ 467 76 

California— $1.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Bessie Morefield, 

(Hemet), $ 1 50 

Illinois— $13.30 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $4.50; S. S. : 

Greenwood (Rock Creek), $8.80, 13 30 

Indiana — $3.77 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Primary Classes, Man- 
chester .- 3 11 

Pennsylvania— $63.73 

E. Dist., S. S.: Spring Creek D. V. S., .... 10 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Hollidaysburg, 27 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Nora S. Sausman (Lost 

Creek), $15; S. S.'s of So. Pa., $11.13, 26.13 

Virginia— $47.68 

No. Dist., Cong.: Anna F. Thomas (Cooks 
Creek), 44 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Burks Fork, 3 68 

Washington— $25.00 

Indv. : S. Bock, ....." 25 00 

West Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Arnold (Eg- 
lon), 5 00 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

159 93 
762 97 

Total for the year $ 

Iowa— $120.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Dr. D. F. Walker (Pan- 
ther Creek) , 

No. Dist., S. S.: Men's Bible Class (So. 

Waterloo) , 

Michigan— $80.00 

S. S. : Onekama, 

Ohio— $40.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc. : Pleasant View, 

So. Dist., S. S. : Greenville, 

Pennsylvania— $37.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Leamersville, 

922 95 

60 00 

60 00 


25 00 
15 00 

37 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

277 00 
1,303 54 

Total for the year, $ 1,580 54 

California— $8.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Quiet Corner Bible 

Class" Covina, $ 

Illinois— $12.35 

No. Dist., S. S.: Waddams Grove, 

Ohio— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Millard & Mary 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, 

Oklahoma— $35.00 

Indv.: Jennie M. Garber, 


E. Dist., S. S.: Indian Creek, $32; "Other 
Folks" Class, Hatfield, $8.75; Aid. Soc: 
W. Green Tree, $17.50, 

8 00 
12 35 

25 00 
5 00 

35 00 

58 25 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

143 60 
1,774 13 

Total for the year, $ 1,918 33 

Illinois— $169.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin Junior, $25; Kath- 
arine Boyer (Waddams Grove), $50; S. S. : 
" True Blue " Class, Pine Creek, $19; Pri- 
mary Dept., Hastings St. (Chicago), $25; 
Primary Dept. (Elgin), $25; Aid Soc: 

Hickory Grove, $25, 

Indiana — $100.00 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Andrews, $25; Nondas 
L. Parker (Andrews), $25, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Solomons Creek 

169 00 

50 00 
50 00 

Kansas— $135.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : "Servants of Master" 
Class, Morrill, $50; Primary Dept., Morrill, 
$35; "Shining Lights" Class, Sabetha, $50, 
Michigan— $12.50 

S. S. : Sunfield, 

Ohio— $87.50 

N. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Silver Creek, 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Triangle" Class, Troy, 
$25; C. T. N. Missionary Class, Sidney, 


Pennsylvania — $331.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, $25; Amanda R. 
Cassel & Rosalinda Young, $50, 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Sunbeam" Class, Car- 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mohican (Johnstown), 
$25; J. E. Eicher (Jacobs Creek), $50; S. S. : 
Women's Adult Bible Class, Geiger, $50; 
" Golden Rule " Class, Maple Spring (Que- 
mahoning), $50; " Sunshine " Class, Maple 
Spring (Quemahoning), $50; C. W. S. : 

Meyersdale, $25, 

Texas— $12.50 

S. S.: Manvel 3 

135 00 
12 50 
50 00 

31 50 

75 00 
6 25 

250 00 
-12 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

847 75 
3,947 17 

Total for the year, $ 4,794 92 

Indiana— $36.61 

So. Dist. Congs., $ 36 61 

Ohio— $29.14 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Logan, ■ 29 14 

Total for the month, $ 65 75 

Total previously reported, 00 

'Total for the year, , $ 


So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, $ 

65 75 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

5 00 
12 04 

Total for the year, $ 17 04 

Ohio— $182.26 

So. Dist., Cong.: Prices Creek, $20.38; 
Greenville, $45; Painter Creek & Red River, 
$24.65; Castine (Prices Creek), $16.31; Pits- 
burg, $29; Pleasant Hill, $12; Harris Creek, 
$23.16; W. Charlestown, $11.76, $ 182 26 

Total for the month, $ 182.26 

Total previously -reported, 12.10 

Total for the year $ 194.36 

California— $1.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Bessie Morefield 
(Hemet) $ 1 50 

Total- for the month $ 1 50 

Total previously reported, 72 11 

Total for the year, $ 

Colorado— $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford 

Illinois — $165.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $4.50; No. 

61055 (Franklin Grove), $161.00, 

Ohio— $3.91 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Nora Sausman (Lost 


Washington — $24.00 

Indv.: S. Bock, 

Total for the month, $ 208 41 

£ 13 61 

p 5 00 

165 50 

3 91 

10 00 

24 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported 1.805 13 

Total tor the year $ 2,013 54 

Michigan — $13.75 
S. S.: Sugar Ridge $ 13 75 

Total for the month $ 13 75 

Total previously reported 432 84 

Total for the yar S 446 59 

California— $5.00 

Xo. Dist.. C. W. S.: Figarden Junior S 5 00 

Indiana— $22.00 

Xo. Dist.. Aid Soc: Walnut 22 00 

Missouri — $13.06 

Xo. Dist.. Bethany S. S. & C. W. S., 13 06 

Oregon— $2.50 

Cong.: Arden Floyd (Myrtle Point) 2 50 

Total for the month S 42 56 

Total previously reported 1.001 57 

Total for the year S 1.044 13 

California— $30 00 

So. Dist.. Aid Soc: Covina $ 30 00 

Nebraska— $2.00 
Cong. : So. Beatrice 2 00 

Oregon— $2.50 

Cong.: Arden Floyd (Myrtle Point) 2 : " 

Total for the month S 34 50 

Total previously reported 449 66 

Total for the year S 484 16 

California— $4.00 

Xo. Dist.. S. S. : " Community Helpers" 

Class. McFarland $ 4 00 

Illinois— $25.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: "The Class in the Cor- 
ner."' Dixon 25 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

X. E. Dist.. S. S. : "Servants of Master" 

Class. Morrill 25 00 

Maryland— $62.50 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Fulton Ave. (Baltimore). 
S50; S. S. : Woodberry (Baltimore). $12.50. .. 62 50 

Missouri— $25.00 

Xo. Dist.. Cong.: Pleasant Grove 2} 00 

Ohio— $55.00 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: "Church Pillars" 
Class. Akron 15 00 

X W. Dist., S. S. : "King's Daughters" 
Class. Lima 15 00 

So. Dist.. S. S.: "Brotherhood Bible 
Class." Middle District. S12.50; C. T. X. 

Missionary Class, Sidney, S12.50 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $125.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Ever Faithful" Class. 
Lancaster, ■ 25 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Fairview 75 00 

W. Dist.. Cong.: Mohican (Johnstown). .. 25 00 

Wisconsin— $6.25 

Cong.: A Friend (Rice Lake) 6 25 

Total for the month $ 327 75 

Total previously reported 1.513 13 

Total for the year S 1.840 88 

Illinois— $16.52 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Two Classes of Mt. Mor- 
ris S 16 52 

Total for the month S 16 52 

Total previously reported 75 22 

Total for the year $ 91 74 

Pennsylvania — $15.00 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Heidelberg S 15 00 

Total for the month $ 15 00 

Total previously reported 161 70 

Total for the year $ 176 70 

California— $69.11 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Laton S 7 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne. $40.25; Santa 
Ana. $16.86; S. S.: Primary Dent.. So. Los 

Angeles. $5, 62 11 

Colorado— $112.20 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Owl Creek Union 12 20 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford 100 00 

Illinois— $180.27 

Xo. Dist.. Cong.: Elgin. $5.00; Bethanv 
(Chicago) $167.86; S. S. : Beginners' Class. 

Bethany (Chicago), $7.41, 180 27 

Indiana— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Elsie M. White (New 

Bethel), 10 00 

Iowa— $81.77 

Mid. Dist.. Mrs. M. R. Hoover (Cedar 
Rapids) $25; Ora L. Hoover (Cedar Rapids i. 
$50.00 75^00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Council Bluffs 6 77 

Maryland— $113.24 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Monocacy, $24.80; Edge- 
wood. $17.54; Bush Creek, $10.00 52 34 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: , W. Brownsville 
(Brownsville) 40 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove, 20 90 

Michigan — $1.00 

Indv. : Unknown donor of Brutus 1 00 

Minnesota — $10.00 

Indv. : John W. Ogg & wife, 10 00 

Missouri— $38.83 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Lizzie Fahnestock 
(Deepwater) 3 25 

Xo. Dist.. Cong.: Smith Fork 35 58 

Montana — $9.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Florendale at Paxton 9 00 

Nebraska— $5.75 

Cong.: Red Cloud 5 75 

North Dakota— $45.90 

Cong.: Surrey, $33.40; Egeland. $12.50 45.90 

Ohio— $56.50 

X. E. Dist.. Cong. : Akron 51 50 

So. Dist.. Cong.: A. Brumbaugh (Green- 
ville) 5 00 

Oregon— $102.60 

Cong.: Xewberg, $62.60; Portland, $10; S. 

S. : Mabel, S30 102 60 

Pennsylvania— $979.41 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Heidelberg. $20.30; Me- 
chanic Grove, $53; E. Fairview. S3"; Myers- 
town. S40; Springfield. $22.75; Midway, 
$54.25; Richland, $47.50; Jas. X. Wright & 
wife (Big Swatara). S25; S. S. : Young Men's 
Bible Class. Spring Creek. $25; E. Peters- 
burg, $30; Midway, $30; " Little Workers ". 
Rheems (W. Green Tree). $12; Ephra.a. 
$101; Aid Soc: Ephrata, $25; Heidleberg. $25. 547 80 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Artemas. $1; Drv 
Vallev. $23.11; Carson Vallev. $15; Fair- 
view. $23.22; Mrs. M. M. Claar Exline 
(Queen). S5; S. S. : Dry Valley. S7.58; Car- 
son Valley. $17.27, 92 18 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Isaac S. Miller 
(Upper Conewago) $100; S. S. : Fairview 
(Xew Fairview), $100 200 00 

S. E. Dist.. Cong.: Parkerford 50 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Locust Grove. $20.02; 
Mrs. P. A. Berkey, $2; Mrs. O. J. Rhoades. 
$1; Mrs. Wm. Seese, $5; Mrs. L. J. Stutz- 
man, $5 of Maple Grove (Johnstown); S. S. : 
Plum Creek, $44.41; Aid Soc: Maple Grove 

(Johnstown). $12, 89 43 

Virginia— $100.61 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Trevilian 27 50 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, 26 12 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sec. Dist., Cong.: Elk Run, 18 63 

So. Dist., Smiths River, $25; Merimac, 

$3.36, 28 36 

Wisconsin— $56.00 
Cong.: J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,966 19 

Total previously reported, 4,642 54 

Total for the year, $ 6,608 73 

Arkansas— $10.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Springdale, $ 10 00 

Illinois— $20.95 

No. Dist., S. S.: Elgin, 20 95 

Iowa— $60.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Unknown donor (First 

Des Moines), 60 00 

North Carolina— $16.35 

Cong.: Brummetts Creek, 16 35 

Ohio— $22.10 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: A. F. Shriver & wife 

(New Philadelphia), 22 10 

Pennsylvania— $39.96 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, $2; Upper Co- 
dorus, $25.21; S. S. : Melrose (Upper Codor- 

us), $12.75, 39 96 

Tennessee— $35.52 

Cong.: Pleasant Hill, 35 52 

Virginia— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Hinton Grove (Cooks 
Creek), 15 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: A sister (Barren Ridge), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 229 88 

Total previously reported, 737 85 

Total for the year, $ 967 73 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept. (So. Los 

Angeles), 5 00 

Indiana— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Spring Creek, 5 00 

Kansas— $37.75 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Appanoose, $30.25; 

Indv.: H. R. Tice, $7.50, 37 75 

Kentucky— $1.00 

Indv.: Owen Barnhart, 1 00 

Michigan— $1.00 

Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, 1 00 

Missouri — $5.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: No. 60865 (Cabool), .. 5 00 

Ohio— $10.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Donnels Creek, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $24.60 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Richland, 17 60 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Emma V. Small (First 

Phila), 7 00 

Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc: 9th St. Mission, 
Roanoke, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 94 35 

Total previously reported, 1 ,057 38 

Total for the year, $ 1,151 73 

Iowa — $60.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Franklin, $25; " Up- 
Streamers " Class, Fairview, $35, $ 60 00 

Total for the month, $ 60 00 

Total previously reported, 31 70 

Total for the year, $ 91 70 

California— $90.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chico, $7.35; S. S.: Em- 
pire, $36.40; ' Figarden, $19; C. W. Band, 
Figarden, $5, $ 67 75 

So. Dist.. Cong.: N. Kail (First Los An- 
geles), $5; S. S.: Riverside, $18, 23 00 

Canada— $24.21 

S. S. : Bow Valley, 24 21 

Idaho— $5.00 

Cong.: J. B. Lehman (Nezperce) 5 00 

Illinois— $511.92 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany (Chicago), $1; 
Shannon, $3; Kate Strickler (Lanark), $3; 
Mary C. Lehman (Franklin Grove, $25; 
Susie Hodge (Lanark) $.50; S. S.: Batavia, 
$6.32; Bethany (Chicago), $200; Elgin, 
$142.02; Polo, $50; Shannon, $25; Adult Dept., 
Hickory Grove, $8.34; Children's Dept., 
Hickory Grove, $14.52 478 70 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rachel Phillips (Cerro 
Gordo), $6; S. S. : LaMotte Prairie, $27.22, .. 33 22 

Indiana — $663.39 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: So. Whitley, $11.54; 
Clear Creek, $16.44; Manchester, $200; No. 
61054 (Spring Creek), $1; Eld. I. J. Howard 
(Landessville), $5; S. S. : Bachelor Run, 
$25; Spring Creek, $26.01; Delphi, $50; Lower 
Deer Creek, $25; " Young People's Live 
Wire Class," Courter (Mexico), $25; 
Women's Class, Manchester, $20; A Junior 
Class, Manchester, $2.50 40/49 

No. Dist., Cong.: Center, $20; Lake View 
Mission (LaPorte), $13.30; S. S. : Rock Run, 
$16.14; Baugo, $16; Blue River, $14.07; Go- 
shen, $10; Nappanee, $27.85; Bethany, $12.01; 
Bethel, $15.48; Primary Dept., First So. 
Bend, $5; Infant Class, First So. Bend: 
Mary A. Wiltfong (Middlebury), $10 164 85 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ladoga, $6.25; Four 
Mile, $47.80; Ettie E. Holler (Nettle Creek), 
$10; Kokomo, $10; Fairview, $11; S. S.: Tri 
Mu Class, Ladoga, $5; Indv.: A brother & 

sister of Borden, $1, 91 05 

Iowa— $364.81 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar, $25; Lydia Om- 
men (Coon River), $4; S. S.: Ankeny, $11; 
Begley (Coon River), $25; Brooklyn, $25; 
"Victor" Class, Dallas Center, $15, 105 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, $24.05; S. S.: 
Franklin Co., $22.52; So. Waterloo, $126.86; 
Greene, $22.05; "Willing Workers" Class, 
Kingsley, $15, 210 48 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, $27.33; Si- 
mon Arnold (Mt. Etna), $2; S. S.: Liberty- 

ville, $20, 49 33 

Kansas— $147.57 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Chapman Creek, $25; 
Overbrook, $37.50; Rock Creek, $7.77; Oak- 
land (Topeka), $9.25, 79 52 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Fredonia, $15; Indv.: 
Fannie Stevens, $3 18 00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Monitor, $28.55; "Pio- 
neer" Class, Monitor, $10.50; Children's Div., 

Monitor, $11, 50 05 

Kentucky— $1.00 

Indv.: Owen Barnhart 100 

Maryland— $28.75 

E. Dist., Indv.: Mary E. Bixler 5 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Long Meadow (Beaver 
Creek), $11; C. W. S. : Pleasant View, $12.75; 23 75 

Michigan— $25.91 

Cong.: Durand Mission (Elsie), $15.33; 

Tina Mullenix (Battle Creek), $10.58 25 91 

Minnesota — $25.65 

S. S. : Minneapolis, 25 65 

Missouri — $73.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: So. Warrensburg, $43; 
Indv.: Mrs. B. S. Kindig. $5 4S 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $5; S. S.: 
Fairview, $20, 25 00 

Nebraska— $92.15 

S. S.: So. Beatrice, $82.15; Bethel, $10, ... 92 15 

North Carolina— $10.00 

S. S.: Melvin Hill, 10 00 

North Dakota— $18.04 

Cong.: Willow Grove, $12.50; S. S. : Ber- 
thold, $5.54 18 04 

Ohio— $463.52 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: T. M. Arnold & wife 



The Missionary Visitor 


(Mohican). $5; A. \V. & Elizabeth Longa- 
necker. (Zion Hill), $1; Elizabeth Toms (Owl 
Creek). $5; S. S. : Canton Center, $46.22; 
Paradise (Wooster), $25.70; " Kings Daugh- 
ters ' Class. E. Chippewa, $5.56; " Loyal 
Women's" Class, Ashland City, $5 93 48 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Jesse A. Yoder 
(Bellefontaine), $10; S. S. : Pleasant View, 
$87.31; Swan Creek, $9; Walnut Grove (Sil- 
ver Creek), $45.15; Ross, $6; Oak Grove 
(Rome), $17.20, 174 66 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Beech Grove, $7.65; Sid- 
ney, $26; S. S.: Cedar Grove, Prices Creek, 
$13; E. Dayton, $10; Greenville, $66; Don- 
nells Creek, $28.18; " Loyal Gleaners " 
Class. Loramie, $1.55; " Willing Workers " 
Class. Red River (Painter Creek), $10; 
"Mothers" Class, Loramie, $8; Aid Soc: 

Bear Creek, $5; Greenville, $20, 195 38 

Oklahoma— $23.20 

Cong.: Mrs. S. Latimer (Washitaw), $5; 
S. S.: Okla. City, $8.20; Indv., Mrs. H. J. 
Frantz. $5; Audience in Griggs Consolidated 

School Bldg., $5, 23 20 

Pennsylvania— $1,051.55 

E. Dist., Cong.: Palmyra, $45.26; Mrs. W. 
J. Newland, $2; S. S. : Myerstown, $50; Eliz- 
abethtown. $76.94; Hummelstown (Spring 
Creek), $7; Manheim (White Oak), $25; 
Women's Organized Class, Mt. Hope (Chi- 
ques). $6; Aid Soc: Lancaster, $25, 237 20 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Everett, $40; Fairview, 
$8.83; Fredericksburg House (Clover Creek), 
$21.79; S. S.: Waterside (New Enterprise), 
$20; Leamersville, $10; Fairview, $11.32; 
Riddlesburg, $6; Fredericksburg House 
(Clover Creek), $9.82, 127 76 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill (Codorus), 
$12; E. J. Egan (Back Creek), $5; New Fair- 
view Cong. & S. S., $35.53; S. S. : Melrose 
(Upper Codorus), $13; Mechanicsburg (Low- 
er Cumberland), $32.28; Hanover, $25; Chest- 
nut Grove (Upper Codorus), $13.75; New 
Freedom— Shrewsbury (Codorus), $26.17, .... 162 73 

W. Dist.. Cong.: Maple Spring (Quema- 
honing), $25; Roxbury, $126.55; Hooversville 
(Quemahoning), $23.64; Mrs. Carrie Forney 
(Pittsburgh), $20; Mrs. Annie Koontz, Hoo- 
versville (Quemahoning), $100; Rosey Bru- 
no, $.50; John Beningo, $.25; Angelo Jentile, 
$.25; Mike Guido, $.25; Mrs. Albeno Moral- 
tie, $.25 of Montgomery; Mrs. Melita Rip- 
ple (Montgomery), $1; S. S.: Pike Run 
(Middle Creek), $6.25; Morrellville, $25; Con- 
nellsville, $15; Ridge (Shade* Creek), $11; 
Beachdale (Brothersvalley) $10.84; Rock- 
ton, $30; Geiger, $25; Montgomery, $51; 
Greensburg, $20; Aid Soc: Pittsburg, $15; 
Hooversville (Quemahoning), $10; C. W. S. : 

Penn Run (Manor) $7.08, 523 86 

South Carolina— $5.00 

Cong.: J. I. Branscom (Melvin Hill), 5 00 

Virginia— $136.38 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Carl F. Miller (Midland), 4 00 

First Dist.. S. S. : New Bethel Mission 
(Troutville). $5; Daleville College, $10, 15 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Grove (Flat 
Rock), $33.84; S. S. : Upper Lost River, $1.45; 
Sunnyside (Mill Creek). $9.50; Rileyville, 
$10; Dayton (Cooks Creek), $16, 70 79 

Sec. Dist., S. S. : Lebanon, $13.81; Hevener, 
$13.32; Oak Grove (Lebanon), $5.46, 32 59 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Topeco, $12; Sarah J. 

Hylton (Coulson), $2, 14 00 

Washington— $7.50 

. Cong.: Reuben Breshears (Omak), $2.50; 

S. S.: Tacoma, $5, 7 50 

West Virginia— $8.86 

First Dist., S. S.: Salem (Sandy Creek)... 8 86 

Wisconsin— $20.10 

Cong.: Chippewa Valley, $12.35; S. S. : In- 
termediate Boys' Class, Rice Lake. $1.50; 
Rice Lake, $3; Aid Soc: Rice Lake, $3.25, .. 20 10 

Total tor the month, $ 3,798 26 

Total previously reported, 137 85 

Total for the year $ 3,936 11 

Illinois— $4.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $2; A sister 

(Naperville), $2.50, 4 50 

Kentucky— $1.00 

Indv.: Owen Barnhart, 100 

Ohio— $60.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Hartville 60 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Chas. Calvert Ellis 
(Huntingdon), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 70 50 

Total previously reported, 1,209 56 

Total for the year $ 1,280 06 

Indiana — $27.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntington City, $ 27 00 

Total for the month, $ 27 00 

Total previously reported 19,365 11 

Total for the year, $19,392 11 

California— $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chico, $5; Reedley, $30, 35 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Inglewood, 15 00 

Idaho— $42.50 

Cong.: Winchester, 42 50 

Illinois— $336.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin 325 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: LaMotte Prairie, 1100 

Indiana— $511.51 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Andrews, $12; Bachelors 
Run, $45; Flora, $50; Huntington City, $85; 
Chas. R. Oberlin (Logansport), $5; Plunge 
Creek Chapel, $9, 206 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $69.40; Brem- 
en, $10; Elkhart City, $16.75; New Salem, $5; 
LaPorte, $34.82; Rock Run, $50, 185 97 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $110; White, 
$9.54, 11954 

Iowa— $140.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, 140 00 

Kansas— $27.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Two boy tithers of 
Morrill 2 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong. : Belleville, 25 00 

Maryland— $579.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bush Creek, $37.50; Lo- 
cust Grove, $42.20 79 70 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View 500 00 

Michigan — $8.35 

Cong. : Sugar Ridge, 8 35 

Minnesota— $120.00 

Cong.: Lewiston 120 00 

North Dakota— $27.00 

Cong. : Cando, 27 00 

Ohio— $784.13 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Owl Creek, $67.60; 
Wooster, $20, 87 60 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Greenspring, $45; 
Ross, $20; Pleasant View, $200; S. S. : 
Eagle Creek, $205.93 470 93 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $150; Green- 
ville, 29.60; Pitsburg, $7; Poplar Grove., $39, 225.60 
Oregon— $50.00 

Cong.: Ashland, 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $1,238.48 

E. Dist., Cong.: Indian Creek, $91.99; 
Spring Creek, $54.75, 146 74 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: First Altoona, $450; Ar- 
denheim* $50.62; Roaring Spring, $20; Wil- 
liamsburg, $108.85, 629 47 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, 400 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rurarael, 62 27 

Virginia— $519.17 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Fairfax 67 17 

First Dist., Congs., $335.64; Antioch,, 
$111.36 447 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Flat Rock, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Washington— $E0 00 

Cong.: E. Wenatchee, .. 
Wisconsin— $27.59 

Cong.: Chippewa Valley, 

Total for the month $ 4,511 43 

Total previously reported, 52,873 43 

50 00 

27 59 

Total for the year, $ 57,384 86 

Illinois— $7.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $2; Aid Soc: 
Elgin, $5, 7 00 

7 00 
160 00 

Total for the month 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 167 00 

Kentucky— $1.00 

Indv. : Owen Barnhart, 1 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. N. A. Schrock 
(Baltic), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 6 00 

Total previously reported, - 101 96 

Total for the year, $ 107 96 

Calif orniar-$l ,086.87 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for E. D. Vani- 
man & wife and L. A. Blickenstaff & wife, 
$861.87; Isaiah Breneman for John I. Kay- 

lor, $225, $ 1,086 87 

Illinois— $537.11 

No. Dist., Butterbaugh family for A. G. 
Butterbaugh (% support) $150; Naperville 
S. S. (No. 111. & Wis. S. S.) for Kathryn 
Garner, $18; Mt. Morris S. S. for Sadie J. 
Miller, $112.50, 280 50 

So. Dist., Okaw Cong, for J. E. Wagoner, 
$31.61; Virden S. S. for Dr. Laura Cottrell, 
$112.50; Girard S. S. for Dr. Laura Cot- 
trell, $112.50, 256 61 

Indiana— $855.00 

Mid. Dist., Pipe Creek Cong, for Anna M. 
Forney, $60; Manchester S. S. for Alice K. 
Ebey, $450, 510 00 

No. Dist., Walnut S. S. for A. T. Hoffert, 45 00 

So. Dist. S. S.'s for W. J. Heisey, $225; 

Pyrmont S. S. for Moy Gwong, $75, 300 00 

Iowa— $620.00 

Mid. Dist., Dallas Center % support Anna 
Hutchison 75 00 

No. Dist., So. Waterloo C. W. S. for A. S. 
B. Miller, $225; So. Waterloo S. S. for Jennie 
Miller, $225; So. Waterloo Junior & Pri- 
mary Dept. for Marjorie E. Miller, $45; So. 
Waterloo " Loyal Helpers " Class for Jose- 
phine Miller, $50 545 00 

Kansas— $225.00 

S. W. Dist., Monitor Cong., for Myrtle 

Pollock, 225 00 

Maryland— $131.00 

E. Dist., Pipe Creek Cong, for W. B. 
Stover, $12; Pipe Creek Point (Pipe Creek), 
for W. B. Stover, $51; Union Bridge Church 

(Pipe Creek), for W. B. Stover, $68, 131 00 

Michigan— $32.00 

S. S.'s of Mich, for Pearl S. Bowman, ... 32 00 

Nebraska— $147.26 

Bethel Cong., for Raymond C. Flory 147 26 

Ohio— $118.34 

N. E. Dist., Jonathan Creek Miss'y Com. 
for A. D. Helser, 50 60 

N. W. Dist. S. S.'s for Hattie Z. Alley, .. 39 31 

So. Dist. Bethel S. S. (Salem), for Esther 

Bright, 28 43 

Pennsylvania— $1,317.50 

E. Dist., S. S.'s: for Kathryn Ziegler, $450; 
Chiques Cong, for Alice M. Graybill, $180, 630 00 

Mid. Dist., Francis Baker (Everett Cong.) 

for Feme H. Coffman, $37.50; New Enter- 
prise S. S. for Sara G. Replogle, $450; Ever- 
ett Cong, for Carl Coffman, $200, 

Tennessee— $15.00 

Central Point S. S. (Knob Creek) for Anna 
B. Seese, $5; Limestone S. S. for Anna B. 

Seese, $10, 

Virginia— $915.00 

First & So. Dist. S. S.'s for Rebecca C. 

No. Dist. S. S.'s for Dr. Fred J. Wamp- 
ler, $275; Greenmount Cong, for Sara Z. 
Myers, $175 and I. S. Long, $40, 

Sec. Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 

Wisconsin— $3.00 

Rice Lake S. S. (No. 111. & Wis. S. S.'s) 
for Kathryn Garner, 

Total for the month, $ 6.003 08 

Total previously reported, 25,635 78 

687 50 

15 00 

225 00 

490 00 
200 00 

3 00 

Correction No. 8, 

$ 31,638 86 
50 00 

Total for the year, $ 31,688 86 


(Continued from Page 37) 
laid down their lives on the altar, as their 
sacrifice for Africa; 

Therefore, It gives us great joy, as mem- 
bers of the First Church of the Brethren, to 
extend to them this token of love and ap- 
preciation of their work with us; 

To Brother Kulp, for the faithful and un- 
tiring work as our pastor, his splendid qual- 
ities as a teacher of young men, and his 
magnificent character as a leader every- 

To Sister Kulp, . for her loyalty to her 
Christ and her husband, in being so faith- 
ful in all the activities of the church and so 
true to the vow as Ruth of old — 

" Entreat me not to leave thee, and to re- 
turn from following after thee; for whither 
thou goest I will go; and where thou lodgest, 
I will lodge; thy people shall be my people, 
and thy God my God." 

We rejoice that we as a church have this 
opportunity of wishing you Godspeed in 
this magnificent work, and want you ever 
to remember that our prayers are with you 
for God's guidance and protection over you. 

May grace, mercy and peace, abide with 
you now and evermore. 

Resolved, That a copy of this testimonial 
be engrossed, signed by the committee and 
sent to Brother and Sister Kulp, and a copy 
spread on the Church Minutes. 

Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schnell. 



Supported in whole or in part by funds administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bedsted St., Thy Denmark 

"TTasmirer W. E., " 19W" 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 

Bronderslev, Denmark 

* Fshen-en. N'els, 1920 
... * Esbensen, Christine, 1920 

Friisgatan No. 1, Malmo, 
Sweden _ 

GraybiH, T. F., ion 

GravHM. Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 


P'nrr Ting Hs'en, Shansi, 


n-:~ht $ T H-Miier, 1911 
Brrght, Minnie F., 1911 
To^rran, Dr. Car', 19~>1 
Toffrran Ferne H., 19^1 
Cnimparl-er, F. H., '9C8 
Crumpnr1-er, Anra N., 1908 
^lorv. E^na R.. 1917 
Horning, Er-ma. 1T08 
Met/~er, Minerva, 1910 
O'^rholtzer, I E., 1916 
Orerholtzer, Fliz. W., 1916 
So'len' erger, O. C , 1919 
Soll^nbergrr, Hazel C. 1919 
Vanimln, Ernest D.. 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C. 1913 
WampW, F>r Fred T., 1913 
^ampler. Reherea C. 1913 
Ullom. I.ulu, 1919 

North CVna L->n?uage 
Schcol, Pekin, Ch'na 

Bni-er. EH*abe*h, 1922 
B lick en staff. Miles, 19't 
Blickenstaff, Ermal. 1921 
Flnntiinn', A-'a. 1922 
Ti-en' erry, E T.., 1^2 
Ikf^erry, Olivia Dickens, 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B.. 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory. Ravmon'L 1914 
Florv, T,i zz ie N., 1914 
Cline, Marv E., 19m 
Cripe, Winnie E.. 1911 
Horninpr, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horn'ng, Martha D., 1919 
H«*chison. Anna, 1913 
Miller. Vallev, 1919 
Pollock. Myrtle, 1917 
Seese, Norman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 1917 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Bvron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
He'sev, Walter L, 1917 
HHsev. Sue R., 1917 
Schaeffer, Marv, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

* Native workers trained in 



Tai Yuan care of Y. M. C. A., 
Shrnsl, China 

Myers;— Mfnor -M.r 1919- 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

* Gwong, Moy, 1920 

On Furlough 

Rider, Bess'e M., Elizabeth- 
town, Fa. 

Shock, Laura J., Hunting- 
ton, Ind., R. D. 

Sep ger, Nettie M., 57 Farm- 
mgton Ave., - Hartford, 

Warn pier, Ernest M., 
Republic, Va. 
. Wampler, Vida A., 
Republic, Va. 

Lagos, care of C. M. 
Nigeria, West Africa 

Kulp, H. Stover 

Helser, A. D. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 
Bilimora, India 

Ehev, Adam, 1900 
E'-ev, Alice K., 1 r 00 
Fhull. Chalmer G., 1919 
Shull. Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Long, I. S., 1903 
long, Effie V., 1903 
Miller, Eliza B.. 1900 
Miller, Arthur S. B.. 1919 
Mi'ler, Tennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., l r 05 
Wolfe. L. Mae, 19122 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
BTckenstaff, Lvnn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B.. 19m 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Ehv, E. H., 1 r 0l 
Ebv, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler. Tennie. 1916 
Shickel. Elsie, 1921 
Shumaker, Ida. 1910 
Wagoner, L Elm^r, 1919 
Wagoner. Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Allev, Howard L., 1917 
Allev, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebhert, Ella, 1917 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Hollenlerg, Fied M., 1919 
HolPnherg, Nora R., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 . 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919' 
Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 p : 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 19C8 
Summer, Nettie B,, 1919 <h 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
B'ough, Anna Z., 1903 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Replogle. Sara G., 1919 

On Furlough 

Holsopple, Q. A., Hunting 

don, Pa., 1911 
Holsopple, Kathren R 

Huntingdon, Pa., 1911 
Mow. Anetta, Sebring, Fla 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 

Monticello, Minn., 1915 
Ross. A. \V., North Man 

Chester, Ind., 1904 
Ross, Flora N., North Man 

Chester. Ind., 1904 

Detain 2d beyond furlough 

Pittenger, J. M., Hunting- 
don, Pa.. 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Hun- 
tingdon, Pa., 1904 

Stover. W. B., Mt. Morris, 
111., 1874 

Stover, Marv E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, III., 1874 

Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 1916 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Vir- 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 


Red Cloud, Nebraska 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 

Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 

Greene County, Pirkey, Vir- 

Driver, C. M., 1922 

Broadwater, Dexter, Mis- 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

* 4i4i4'' i l ' l l < l, t o t ,, l ' > t' , t , ' t <> t M I , » t '' $ l, t o t ' , f l > I ' 4 , t <, t t ' , t"$"t o l ' ^ t * >l« ♦ » fr »fr 'fr *t * * * t * 1' % »K+<~fr***^*»H" H « * X * » l « » fr »> * * * 

Worth While 
Missionary Books 


George E. Hayne» 
A serious study of the colored race problem 
y one who has made a life study of the 
"egro race. 



Mrs. L. H. Hammond 
Twelve biographical sketches of Negro men 
and women who have made outstanding 
achievements in many fields of endeavor. 

Alden H. Clark 

A series of pictures of India and tales of 
adventure. The book is written in a popular 
ferm that will appeal to all. 

Basil Matthews 

In thirty-two stories Mr. Matthews depicts 
witn enthralling realism the deeds of mis- 
sionary heroes. Old folks and young folks 
alike will enjoy it. 


Ethel Daniels Hubbard 

An unusual sketch of the life of Ann Ilassel- 
tine Judson. A story of consecration, love, 
devotion and sacrifice. 


Anita B. Ferris 

A book of stories for the children to read. 
Planned so they deal with the home, school, 
church and community life of the Negro boys 
and girls. 

Margaret T. Applegarth 

A book for children which will help them 
catch a glimpse of the foreign mission prob- 
lem in America. The grown folks will like 
the book equally well. 


Margaret T. Applegarth, author of " Mission- 
ary Stories for Little Folks." 

Delightful stories for boys and girls of what 
happened to a Blot in India. Inimitable illus- 
trations by the author. 

Margaret T. Applegarth 

Fascinating and instructive tales of the 
" lamplighters " who translated the Bible into 
thfc languages of mission fields. 

Jean Kenyon Mackenzie author of " Black 
Sheep " 

In these remarkably vivid stories the chil- 
dren of Africa make a powerful appeal to the 
hearts of our American boys and girls. 


Mary M. Russell, author of " Dramatized 

Bible Stories." 

Dramatized incidents in the lives of well- 
known missionaries for Sunday-schools and 
Young People's Societies. Little equipment 


Rev. J. H. Morrison, M. A., author of 

"Streams in the Desert." 

The author's wide travels in Africa give 
new material and a first hand flavor to these 
life stories of nine great missionaries of the 
Dark Continent. With map of Africa. 


Howard Anderson Musser 

Thrilling, stories of adventure with bandits 
and beasts in India— almost incredible things 
that actually happened in the life of this mis- 
sionary. A fascinating book that will leave 
a lasting impression in favor of Missions on 
the minds of its young readers. Illustrated. 



A splendid treatise on the subject of medical 
missions in the foreign field. It will be ap- 
preciated by the inquiring student. 



A delightful love story of Robert and Mary 
Moffat who gave their lives in service as 
Africa missionaries. It is a young people's 
book that is hard to excel in any field of 
novels or biographies. 


The Missionary Visitor (monthly) $1.00 per 

The Missionary Review of the World (month- 
ly) $2.50 per year. 

Everyland, a children's magazine (10 issues) 

$1.50 per year. 

Brethren Publishing; House 

Elgin, Illinois 


Church of the 'Brethren 

Vol. X2CV 

Maffclh, 192S 

J^ •"jt - * ''iJ - * rj - * Ht"* *~t"* * b 4-* **t - > ^J^ *-^-» *^J-* *-t--* »-^-» *"!** *"1 ** •'X^* *^^ *^^ *^ - * *^** Hl^ *tl^ *^^ *^l^ HSr *"i^ ^i^* rt^ *"i^* rl** *^^* *St^ *"J^* •^i - ' "^J -1 *^jE^ *"J^ H»* *^* *"*^ rxYxxxxxxxxxTxxx 







H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, Secretary. 



North Manchester, Ind. 

ri i. DTt . -p. ' CArir A ... n . H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General ta and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

Secretary, Elgin, 111. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. M - R - ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 

A P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
•|< Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 

scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. . 



For Children 

Mook, True Tales of a Chinese Boy, by Sites 50 

Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Applegarth 60 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Blake 75 

For Juniors and Intermediates 

Frank Higgins, the Trail Blazer, by Whittles 75 

Red, Yellow and Black, by Fahs 75 

The Book of Missionary Heroes, by Matthews 1.50 

For Young and Old 

With Williams Our Secretary, by Miller 1.00 

The Moffats, by Hubbard 75 

Ann of Ava, by Hubbard 75 

The Bishop's Conversion, by Maxwell 1.50 

Stewardship Books 

Enduring Investments, by Babson 1.50 

The New Christian, by Cushman 50 

Money, the Acid Test, by McConaughy 75 

Program Material 

Missionary Programs 35 

Making Missions Real, by Stowell 75 

These Books Sent Postpaid 



Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXV 

MARCH, 1923 

No. 3 





Our Missionary Committees and the Every Member Canvass, By Chas. 

D. Bonsack, 67 

Ira W. Moomaw. " A Big Man for a Big Field," By A. O. Mote, 68 

Mabel E. Moomaw, By Agnes Kessler, 69 

Workers Together for India, 70 

Our First Work, By I. S. Long, 71 

A Trip to the Great Wall and Ming Tombs, By Esther Bright, 72 

China Notes for December, By Anna Crumpacker, 74 

India Notes for December, By Ellen H. Wagoner, 75 


A Noble Life, By M. R. Zigler, 77 

Foreign Mission Work at Home — Falfurrias, Texas, By H. D. Michael, 79 


Missionary News, 80 

Missionary Methods, 81 


The Evening Lamp, 83 

Sona and Rachel, By Kathryn Garner, 85 

The Story of Eden (Poem), , 86 


The "passing" of our dear Sister Swigart 
compels us to think of the accomplishments 
of the Sisters' Aid Society of our church. 
Not only have they achieved, but they have 
vision of things to be done. The women of 
our church have, in a very large way, but 
quietly, kept interest aroused to the cause of 
missions. They have been seeking the will 
of God. God has been, and is, leading them 
into sacrificial service. Larger opportuni- 
ties are coming to them to demonstrate 
to the church what sacrifice, passion, and 
service mean as we face the challenging, un- 
met needs of the world at home and over- 
seas. Somehow, the mother love that per- 
meates their bodies and fills the atmosphere 
about them responds spontaneously to world 
needs. This same love helps them to under- 
stand and endure sacrifices. Sister Swigart 
loved everybody, everywhere. Her heart 
went to the uttermost parts of the earth. 

Our Front Cover 

Her heart not only responded to the needs 
in America and the foreign fields, but was 
a heart of love, and her hands, hands of 
service in her own community. 

In the placing of Sister Swigart's picture 
on the front cover, we are not only paying 
tribute to her wonderful, far-reaching, 
sacrificial and personal Christian life, but, 
also, to the womanhood of our church that 
is consecrating itself unselfishly to the 
world-wide saving of men and women from 
sin and hunger. 

God bless our women that they may go 
on in a larger way so that through their 
sacrificial, untiring efforts, millions will see 
Christ. Let us thank God for the life of 
Sister Swigart and all our mothers and 
sisters who consecrate themselves unselfish- 
ly to meeting world needs in the name of 

M. R. Z. 


The Missionary Visitor 



" Your Church Must Stand Back of Them 

These are the words we quote from Dr. 
A. L. Warnshuis, secretary of the Inter- 
national Missionary Council, with head- 
quarters at London. The editor met him at 
Bethlehem, Pa., during the Foreign Mis- 
sions Conference in January, and an intro- 
duction was easily made by saying that 
Brethren Helser and Kulp are going to 
Africa to. represent our church there. " Oh, 
yes, I know them; they were in my office, 
and they are mighty fine men, and your 
church must stand back of them in EVERY 
SPIRITUAL WAY." He put so much em- 
phasis on the SPIRITUAL WAY that I 
could not forget his words. Then I re- 
membered Paul's message to the Galatians: 
" The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, 
longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithful- 
ness, meekness, and self-control." If I am 
able to interpret what Dr. Warnshuis meant 
mean for our whole church to give evidence 
by our fruit that we are backing these men 
and all our missionaries to our fullest ca- 
pacity. " Love never faileth," and we will 
not dare to fail our workers abroad. Hard 
and difficult times are ahead. If we assume 
work among the Moslems we shall surely 
have a difficult task. Since 1914, 95 per 
cent of the Christians of Turkey have dis- 
appeared, largely through the atrocities of 
the Moslems. We cannot guarantee im- 
munity from such persecution for our con- 
verts, and it will require a love that never 
faileth to take us through such a period of 
persecution. The home church will also 
pass through its periods of financial depres- 
sion, and we will be required to stand back 
of our work, and we must do it with joy. 
Perhaps there is nothing so hard on a mis- 
sionary as to detect a lack of interest in 
the home church. Failure on the field is 
secondary in its Repressing effect to the 
sight of a home church that is not faith- 
fully, joyfully, long-sufferingly, meekly, 
holding the ropes and supplying the sinews 
for the workers abroad. Yes, in EVERY 
SPIRITUAL WAY we must back our 
workers over there. 

If War Should Come in 1923, Where Stand 
the Brethren? 

If our boys should be called to the 
colors tomorrow, what would they say and 
do? If they refused to fight, saying that 
their church did not believe in war, and the 
officer asked for a statement of their own 
personal convictions on the subject, what 
would they say? And if- we were in war, 
and the government requested an official 
statement from our church as to our po- 
sition, what would we say? 

Are we in any better position to speak 
now than we were in 1917? If we stated 
our position for peace and we were asked 
what we have been doing to restore peace 
in the world, what would we say? How 
much have we influenced our government 
or tried to influence our statesmen in their 
attitude toward other nations? Have we 
given our full testimony of good will for 
mankind by feeding the hungry, clothing 
the naked, and visiting the sick in destitute 
lands? What are we doing to promote 
peace? Have we done as much to testify 
for peace and against war as have the Men- 
nonites and Friends? Is our church as 
strong in the promotion of peace as it is 
in its position against war? Are not many 
of us slower at peace-making in 1923 than 
we were in refusing to fight in 1918? 

Why should not the Calgary Conference 
appoint a commission to study this great 
and grave question? Our position for peace 
against war is right. Of this we are sure. 
For God's Word is back of it. But are we 
working at the job? As Christians we are 
not of the world, but we are in it. What 
is our contribution to world peace? 

9,379 Missionaries to Foreign Lands 

The Student Volunteer Movement has just 
isued its annual statement, showing that 
9,379 missionaries have been sent i by the 
various sending agencies of North Amer- 
ica. During the year 1921, 637 were sent, 
and this is the largest number for any one 
year. The sending of these large numbers 
of workers forces us to stop and ask what 
is being accomplished? In some sections 
of the world the results are not large. In 
Mohammedan lands the converts are few. 


The Missionary Visitor 


In some parts of India the converts are 
quite numerous, but their ability to ad- 
vance the church is still very dependent on 
the missionaries. In lands like Korea, Japan, 
China, and certain parts of Africa, the con- 
verts have been numerous, and in places 
considerable strength is being developed in 
the native Christians. It is an outstand- 
ing fact that many of China's best and most- 
used men either are Christians or at least 
received their training in mission schools. 
Ten members of the Chinese delegation at 
Washington were given their training in mis- 

sion schools. Four of them were sons of 
Christian pastors. The names of Dr. W. 
W. Yen, Dr. C. H. Wang, General Feng, 
and a host of others are closely associated 
with the leadership of China and the Chris- 
tian forces. The governor of Shansi Prov- 
ince, where our own missionaries labor, is 
a close friend and helper of the Christian 
missionaries. These facts encourage us to 
believe that our missionary labors are not in 
vain, but that quietly and slowly the non- 
Christian lands are acknowledging and ac- 
cepting Christ. 

Our Missionary Committees and the Every Member Canvass 

Acting General Secretary for General Mission Board 

IN looking over the recent revised Min- 
utes of the Annual Conference we were 
somewhat surprised to see how the 
General Conference has urged and provided 
that every member of the church should be 
solicited in support of the work of foreign 
missions. When the book and tract work 
was consolidated with mission work, in 1893, 
we have the following: 

" We recommend that each member give 
for the mission and tract work of the church 
as the Lord has prospered him, upon the 
principle taught in 1 Cor. 16: 2. Let each 
congregation throughout the Brotherhood 
appoint solicitors to solicit all members an- 
nually and receive their offerings, and for- 
ward same to the General Committee, who 
shall receipt for the amount" (page 96). 

Then again, in 1911, when a plan " for se- 
curing unity, cooperation and the fullest ef- 
ficiency of each congregation, whereby the 
church shall be enabled to fulfill its mis- 
sion to the world," was considered and 
adopted, we have the following plan ap- 
proved, which we give in full: 

"I. That a committee of three or more, 
who are actively interested in missions, pref- 
erably representatives of the various organi- 
zations of the congregation, be appointed in 
each congregation by the church in council, 
whose duties shall be in cooperation with 
the elder or pastor. 

" 1. To develop the home and foreign 
missionary interest, by the use of literature, 
missionary meetings, mission study or other- 

" 2. To have some system of giving by 
every one, along the scriptural lines of 
cheerful, proportionate and weekly giving, 
and to solicit all personally to that end. 

" 3. To promote personal service and de- 
votion in the life of the individual. 

" II. That the District Mission Boards 
appoint a District Secretary to be approved 
by the District Meeting, whose duty shall 
be to assist congregations to organize, adopt, 
and make operative the plan herein out- 
lined. That the secretary report annually 
to the District Meeting and to the General 
Mission Board. 

" III. It shall be the duty of the General 
Mission Board to assist in every way in 
making effective this work, through corre- 
spondence, traveling secretaries, tracts or 

With these decisions and requests, now 
thirty years old, and all the machinery pro- 
vided for their development, it seems we 
ought to be reaching more folks for their 
cooperation in the mission work of the 
church. About two hundred congregations 
have taken no part this year, and but a 
few families in that many more congrega- 
tions. Yet the Conference has decided that 
every member shall be solicited. Have we 
done our part toward these members? We 
cannot believe that it is altogether indif- 
ference or inability on their part; but we 
have failed to reach them. 

This seems to be a matter for our local 
missionary committees, as well as our Dis- 
trict Secretaries, to become interested in. As 
we look toward the missionary offering for 
the coming Conference, and the every mem- 
ber canvass in May for that purpose, will not 
every Local committee and District Secretary 
plan now to cooperate with their various eld- 
ers and pastors, to give the opportunity to 
every member of the church to become en- 
listed in the evangelization of the world? 
It is not the large amount of the gift, but 
the cooperation of all the church family. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ira W. Moomaw, "A Big Man for a Big Field" 

Pastor First Church of Brethren, Detroit, Mich. 

IN the life of Ira W. Moomaw we have 
another of those earnest, devout, and 
noble young farmer boys, so common 
among the rural homes of the Church of the 
Brethren, who was 
aspiring, and had his 
goal seemingly fixed, 
to be one of God's 
noble tillers of the 
soil. This goal was 
both legitimate and 
Christian, but the 
ideals and sincerity 
of purpose that will 
make a good Chris- 
tian farmer, God can, 
and so often does 
call into spiritual 
leadership for the 
doing of his will and 
purposes. God only 

Ira W. Moomaw 

the execution of 


knows, but we must wait to see what such 
consecration will do in his kingdom. 

Near Canton, Ohio, is where I. W. Moo- 
maw came to be a blessing to the home of 
P. P. and Ida Moomaw as their fourth 
child and third son, July 8, 1894, two sisters 
being born later. At six years of age Ira 
lost his father, but, like many boys, he was 
blessed with a noble, whole-souled, and de- 
vout mother to guide and shape his life, 
which she so nobly did. The wholesome in- 
fluence of this godly mother made it possible 
for Ira to feel at the age of twelve that he 
desired to consecrate his life to Jesus and 
the ideals of his kingdom by uniting with 
the Church of the Brethren at Canton Cen- 
ter, Ohio. After making this start he grew 
in Christian grace and stature until the 
church with which he united gave to him 
the high and noble calling of the Christian 
ministry in August, 1919. 

This life was made more useful and was 
greatly enriched by the splendid training 
received in educational institutions and by 
fellowship with Christian men and women of 
vision. He completed the Canton High 
School course of study in 1915, after being 
hindered for some time by home conditions. 
The following year found him in the College 

of Agriculture in Ohio State University, 
which was under the direction of Dean 
Vivian. While at the university he was busy 
in Christian service, and taught a class of 
colored boys at the Seventh Street Mission. 
It was while he was at Ohio State Univer- 
sity that he had his vision of life enlarged, 
and his goal extended to the India mission 
field, through the life and influence of Dean 
Vivian and Samuel Higginbottom, who is an 
agricultural expert in India. With his goal 
in life changed he entered Manchester Col- 
lege for further preparation, from which 
college he graduated in the spring of 1920. 

College days at M. C. were a great ex- 
perience in his life. Here he experienced 
the growing belief that it was God's will for 
him to go to India, and he made use of 
every opportunity to equip himself for that 
service. The days of preparation, which 
were so rich with experiences to him, were 
also a feast to his classmates and the student 
body. Every contact was Christian, and 
every address given in the Christian organ- 
izations of the college warmed the hearts 
of the hearers, and inspired them to nobler 
living and fuller consecration. In his senior 
year he had charge of the West End Mis- 
sion Chapel, now known as the West End 
church, where he loved and was loved by all. 
One of his college friendships culminated 
in marriage Sept. 1, 1920, when Mabel 
Winger, of North Manchester, Ind., the 
youngest sister of President Otho Winger, 
became his devout companion. During this 
friendship, as their lives were more and more 
united, their life work became one, and she, 
too, decided to make her chosen field of 
service that of India. They then planned 
their lives together more definitely, and after 
"their marriage entered Ohio State Universi- 
ty for their post-graduate work. Here he 
received his M. Sc. degree in the spring of 
1921, majoring in rural economics, and hav- 
ing industrial education as a minor. During 
his stay at the university he filled the ap- 
points at Olivet Brethren church. 

During the year 1921-1922 he was engaged 
in teaching vocational agriculture in Wil- 
liams County, Ohio. His experience and 


The Missionary Visitor 


success in this year of teaching were great 
factors in equipping him to direct the Indian 
boys in the field of vocational education for 
which he goes forth, with his wife, on the 
S. S. City of Harvard, Feb. 10. 

He has many noble qualities that will fit 
him to become a power and great factor in 
the India mission field. The same loving 
touch that was so much appreciated with 
us will become the possession of the Indians. 
That same respect for his mother will go to 
his field of service and radiate kindness in 
every human relation. Not the least of 
the striking qualities he possessed is that 

sincere faith in God, and the willingness 
to devote every pound of energy to bring 
honor to his name, and spread his kingdom 
abroad in the hearts of men. His whole 
being, his faith, his helpfulness, and his phys- 
ical carriage and activity recall this bit of 
a poem,which so well describes the life we 
have tried to bring forth in biography: 

"He most lives, 
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the 

Life's but a means to an end, 
That life beginning, mean, and to all things 


Mabel E. Moomaw 

Secretary North Manchester Church Missionary Committee 

Whatever I have tried to do in life, I have tried 
with all my heart to. do well. Whatever I have 
devoted myself to I have devoted my9elf to it 
completely; in great aims and in small I have al- 
ways been thoroughly in earnest. — Dickens. 

THIS is one of 
the motivat- 
ing principles 
in the life of Mabel 
E. Moomaw, and one 
of the secrets of the 
success of her work. 
She has a steadfast- 
ness of purpose and 
true devotion to the 
tasks, whether great 
or small. 

From her parents, 
John M. and Mary 
Ann Winger, she 
learned the blessing 
of service to others, and living in a Chris- 
tian home where the work of the church 
was given a prominent place, it is but natur- 
al that she, with her brothers and sisters, 
would find pleasure in placing the cause of 
Christ first. 

She was born Feb. 8, 1899, and lived on a 
farm near Marion, Ind., until the family 
moved to North Manchester, that they 
might be more closely affiliated with the 
work of the college. 

After finishing the academic course, she 
completed the course of liberal arts in 1920. 
While she was a student here she became 
a member of the Volunteer Band, purpos- 

Mabel Winger Moomaw 

ing to give her life to a distinctively Chris- 
tian vocation. j 

Sept. 1, 1920, she and I. W. Moomaw were 
united in marriage. Believing they could 
best serve their foreign purpose by more 
adequate preparation, they at once entered 
the Ohio State University, where they com- 
pleted their work the following summer. 
While there Mabel gave her full attention to 
the study of home economics and sociology. 
For her M. A. degree she prepared a thesis 
on "The Social Status of India's Women." 
The information and deepened sympathy 
acquired in this work will stand her in good 
stead as she goes out to be a friend to 
India's women. 

She believed that being a Student Volun- 
teer means a career to be lived rather than 
an idea or a spirit of heart alone. With this 
in mind she was always "seeking opportuni- 
ties to develop her missionary purpose 
through practical use. While in the univer- 
sity a call came from the Godman Guild 
Social Settlement for a worker in their 
nutritional clinic. Mabel took up this work 
and gave several hours each week to the 
weighing of malnourished children and sug- 
gesting proper food for them. As a result 
of this work she had the joy of seeing many 
pale-faced little ones recover and start on 
the way to ruddy health and happiness. 
While working with the children her abid- 
ing cheerfulness and love won for her a 
large place in the hearts of the Italian 
mothers of the community. 


The Missionary Visitor 


She takes with her the practical exper- 
ience of teaching home economics at Man- 
chester College and one year in the West 
Unity, Ohio, public schools. 

In December, 1921, they were appointed 
by the Mission Board for missionary service 
in India. Since then they have been happily 
anticipating the time when they may begin 
work in their new field. 

Mr. and Mrs. Moomaw had been very 
happy in planning for the coming of their 
little daughter, Miriam Eileed, but God had 
arranged otherwise, and took her home to 
himself Nov. 5, just a few hours after her 
arrival here. Their Christian faith has made 
this sorrow more easily borne. 

As Mabel goes out to her new field of 
endeavor she takes with her the good will 
of her family and large number of friends, 

all of whom feel confident that she will give 
herself unreservedly to the great task to 
which she has been called. 

The following little poem is one which 
Mabel has inculcated in her life, and one 
which shows more clearly the dominating 
motive in her life as she goes forward to 

If I can live to make some pale face brighter, 
And to give a second luster to some tear- 
stained eye, 
Or e'en impart one throb of comfort to an 
aching heart, 
Or cheer some way-worn soul in passing 
If I can lend a strong hand to the. fallen or 
The right against a single envious strain, 
My life, tho' bare, perhaps, of much that 
seemeth dear and fair, 
To us of earth will not have been in vain. 

Workers Together, for India 

New Workers for India 

INDIA needs a new God and a new 
Savior. Since the Wise Men came from 
the East seeking the Babe, Jesus, Mo- 
hammedanism and Hinduism have reigned 
there. For centuries India's people have 
followed in the ways of heathen religions 
with childlike devotion. Now they find 
pestilence, poverty, ignorance, disappoint- 
ment and death as their reward. Babes are 
robbed of their divine right to be well born. 
Lives of young men and women are void of 
all that Christ called "abundant." The old 
folks go down to a dark death alone and 
without hope. 

At the door of India's heart Christ knocks. 
To the Church of the Brethren he speaks in 
the same clear voice as when he told some 
other friends of his, "Ye shall be my wit- 
nesses." Brethren, we are neither witnesses 
nor true friends of Christ until we desire 
for the boys and girls of the world the same 
opportunities we desire for our own chil- 
dren. What if India's children were ours? 
Our talk of race superiority is Christ-sham- 
ing and heathenish. No people have ever 
acquired honor or prestige except for the 
love of God. 

We rejoice in the hope of going so soon to 
the work to which we have been so positive- 
ly called. We are proud of the Christ we 

know. We believe the heart and soul of his 
message are adequate for all the needs of 
India. We are proud of the great church 
we represent. Her qualities of brotherliness, 
unselfishness and devotion can quiet thou- 
sands of troubled hearts in India. Our work 
is one — those who remain and those who go. 
Some of the happiest souls in eternity will 
be those who had "big interests in missions" 
while they passed this way. 
Let's give, pray and carry on." 


From Ira Moomaw's Mother 

I feel very grateful to our dear Heavenly 

Father that he has chosen one of my sons 

for a long, hard task, that of helping to 

make known his name among the heathen. 

It makes one's declining years just a little 
sweeter and brighter. So, though separa- 
tion is hard, I can say to Ira and his dear 
companion, "Go, God bless you and keep 
you as he sees best." 

Mrs. Ida A. Moomaw. 


It has been hard to part with Mabel, as 
she leaves for India. Not that I do not 


The Missionary Visitor 


want her to go, but because of the joy she 
has been to me. While there are seven chil- 
dren in the family, yet Mabel is the youngest. 
By her helpfulness and sunny disposition 
she has always been a joy and a comfort 
to us. Since Father Winger has so recently 

departed, it makes my loneliness all the 
greater. But I have always taught the chil- 
dren and prayed that they would do the 
Father's will. Since this seems to be his 
will, I shall gladly give her to him. 

Mrs. Mary A. Winger. 

Our First Work 

I. s. 

Missionary to 

IS it not evangelism? The Master said, 
"Go ye therefore and make disciples of 
all the nations." In the wake of this, 
but second, is the work of "teaching them 
to observe all things." Not till he comes 
again may we cease either. 

While at home, recently, it occurred to 
me again and again that we are not really in 
earnest about the evangelization of the world. 
Rather, I somehow felt the Brethren are 
taking times rather easy. There seemed to 
me to be but few evangelists on fire for the 
Master. And, sad to me, at least, I found 
some of our Brethren desirous of checking 
the zeal of these few. Some fear too young 
children give their hearts to Jesus; others 
fear too many of all ages may get into the 
church, apparently. 

I wondered next how the young people 
feel in the matter of evangelism. It was 
glorious to find so many volunteering for 
service anywhere. However, one cannot 
deny that there is a bit of apathy amongst 
these even, but it is hardly their fault. They 
hear the Board doesn't have the funds to 
send them out; hence, are sort of lying down 
on the job. A few of these volunteers, how- 
ever, are so. zealous that they would go 
out under the Board of another denomina- 
tion. Personally, I think the zeal of such is 
greater than their wisdom. Suppose they 
do go under another Board, when 
they return on furlough, seven years hence, 
who will receive them with open arms? 
Where will their church home be? This is 
worthy of serious thought, really. Rather, 
why should their zeal not burn out in serv- 
ice of their mother church on the home 
base? If one is at home by the will of God, 
and another is abroad by his will also, both 
have literally "gone into all the world to 
preach the Gospel." 


India Since 1903 

Again, I found many of the volunteers 
wondering what special work or thing they 
might do abroad. Educationists, kinder- 
garten teachers, nurses, and even agricul- 
turists are willing to go abroad. What I 
wondered and wondered at is the fact that 
so few seemed really afire to do the first 
work, that of soul winning. 

Not long ago we arrived for the third 
time on the field, and lo, even the workers on 
the field somehow lag in respect of this first 
work. It's so easy to do the chores about 
the main station, or to be allowed to tie up 
with institutional work. We are blaming 
no one, but merely stating the facts; for we 
do have to care for the institutions we have 
built up. 

Wouldn't it be glorious if we had scores of 
men like Philip who would go to Samaria 
and Damascus and Antioch and do such 
great things for the Master that the old 
church would get excited and send some 
leaders around to see what great things 
are taking place? It would be great if we 
had to follow up some of our wide-awake 
evangelists, who push out merely because 
they can't sit still. Most of us need the 
kind of revival that sort of forces us into 
the current, where we'll be carried along. 
This is the sort of revival I'm praying for — 
a real movement from within. When we 
get that going out here, we'll have to call 
for educationists, nurses, doctors, agricul- 
turists to care for the masses pressing into 
the kingdom. Won't that be glory? 

Now I do not care whether the reader 
agrees with my method or not. I would 
like you to agree that the billion now in 
darkness, not knowing our Christ, should be 
shortly evangelized. Let us unite in prayer, 
that the church may speed up to the best of 
her ability. The need of the lost is the call 
to this first work. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Trip to the Great Wall and Ming Tombs 


WE spent the week-end on the trip 
to the Great Wall and Ming Tombs. 
We thought that as we could not 
go to Peitaiho for at least several days, we 
might as well do a little sight-seeing, so 
five of us, Mr. Wampler, Dr. Coffman, Miss 
Flory, my father and myself made up a 

We had early breakfast Saturday, and 
then took rickshas across the city to Hsi - 
Chih Men. It was about an hour's ride. 
There we took the train to Nankou. At 
Nankou we tried to make arrangements to 
spend the night at the railway hotel, but 
it was too expensive for us. Besides, we 
had brought some bedding along and two 
cots for Miss Flory and me. We 
hired donkeys and went across the coun- 
try for about seven miles, when we came to 
a great stone pailo, a gate with five arches. 
This (so our donkey-boys told us) was the 
first entrance to the valley of the tombs. 
It was noon, so we stopped under its 
shade and ate our lunch. A villager brought 
out a peculiar looking " tin can," made a 
fire in the bottom and put water in the top, 
and boiled us some water with which to fill 
our canteens. We sterilized some apricots 
in this water with potassium permanganate, 
so we could eat them raw. A lot of little 
children gathered around and watched us. 
You should have seen them scramble for the 
dried beef tin we threw away! 

From this pailo stretches the old road, at 
one time paved, but now nearly obliterated, 
over which the funeral processions moved 
to the burying ground of the Mings six and 
a half centuries ago. The road leads north, 
as Chinese temples and cemeteries always 
face south. Some distance farther on we 
came to another gate, this one built of 
brick, covered with plaster painted red. The 
top was a roof of yellow tile. This gate 
is so old that there are trees ten and twelve 
feet tall growing on the top. 

Farther down this old royal road was a 
big square gate with four arches, one in 
each wall. Under the center was a huge 
slab of stone resting on a great turtle. The 


turtle is about six feet high and the tablet 
looks to be about forty. After we came 
out of this gate we entered the famous 
avenue of stone figures. There are eighteen 
pairs in all — twelve pairs of animals and 
six of men. The only animals recognizable 
were the elephant, camel, and horse. After 
we left the avenue we rode for some miles 
farther up the valley, and now we could 
see the tombs on both sides and some up 
a gully to the left. There are thirteen in 
all, but I was able to count only twelve. 

We went to the main one, the tomb of 
Ch'ien Lung, one of the earliest and most 
famous rulers of the dynasty. First there 
was a gate, then a weedy court, then a 
kind of huge porch with a thin wooden 
partition through the center, and another 
court. Here was a- huge building, the an- 
cestral hall. Three marble terraces with 
carved railings and many steps led up to 
a kind of porch that surrounded the whole 
thing. Inside was one big empty room with 
a lot of huge, bare pillars supporting the 
roof. Unlike most Chinese buildings of 
this sort, it was unadorned by paintings or 
decorations of any sort. In the center was 
a kind of wooden cage surrounding the 
shrine, where a single ancestral tablet 

Back of this building were another gate 
and another court. In this last court was a 
great stone altar, on which were several 
stone urns for sacrifice. Beyond this was 
a high square building of solid brick. The 
only opening was a kind of underground 
passageway that led to the porch above. On 
this was another building, like the one at 
the beginning of the avenue, of stone ani- 
mals, and inside was another stone tablet, 
somewhat smaller than the first, but huge 
even so. This tablet was in honor of Ch'ien 
Lung, and the writing on it was praise of 
him. Back of this structure was a hill 
covered with trees, mostly evergreen, on 
the very top of which was a high mound, 
the grave of the monarch. From this high 
place we got a splendid view of the whole 
valley and we could see similar buildings 
with the wooded hills behind them, the last 


The Missionary Visitor 


resting place of the rulers of the Ming 

After we had explored the location we 
went back to the porch and tried to make 
ourselves comfortable. Mr. Wampler and 
Dr. Coffman went to see what another one 
of the tombs looked like, but the rest of 
us were too tired and sore from riding. 
We made a fire and fried bacon and eggs, 
got more hot water, which the attentive 
keeper provided from another one of the 
"tin cans," and had a royal meal, in spite of 
the shortage of cutlery. The breeze blew 
soft and cool, bright shining stars came out, 
and the courts were wrapt in soft silence. 
We put up our cots on one side of the 
partition of the porch, and the keeper and 
his boy went to bed on the other. We 
stretched our weary limbs, stiff and sore 
from the unaccustomed exercise, and wel- 
comed sleep with grateful hearts. 

Suddenly, I do not know how long after- 
wards, I sat up in bed and rubbed my eyes. 
It was hot and I was conscious of a keen 
sense of discomfort. Somebody at the other 
end of the porch was talking and walking 
the floor. Miss Flory was offering me the 
citronella bottle and rubbing her hands. 
Sandflies! There was little sleep for any 
of us from then till early morning. The 
breeze had gone down and it was too hot 
to cover up. The air was full of sandflies 
and they bit every exposed portion, even 
through my stockings! Miss Flory cov- 
ered all except her nose and they began 
chewing on that. We arose early next 
morning and each got a melancholy satis- 
faction out of the fact that everyone else 
was as badly spotted as he. We set out 
about six o'clock and rode back to Nankou. 
We took a shorter road than coming out, 
and passed through a portion of the old 
wall that formerly surrounded the whole 
cemetery. Most of it is now in ruins. 

At Nankou we again took the train and 
went farther north. The road lay uphill 
most of the way, so our pace was slow 
and we were afforded ample opportunity to 
see the beautiful valley, rich in orchards. 
Just at this time everything is very dry 
and the crops look rather poor. 

At the Great Wall a bright little chap 
who knew some English was engaged as 

our guide and carried lunch and things for 
us. He had a watch which he pulled out 
occasionally. It was not very reliable, but 
served to show his superior worth. He 
talked all the way up and all the way back, 
and was very attentive to us, trying to point 
out all the places of interest. We ate our 
lunch on the wall and then climbed a steep 
hill. There we took out the field glasses 
and looked around us. We were able to 
see miles of the wall winding over the 
mountains, zigzagging back and forth as it 
followed the outline of the steep ridges. At 
this place it is about ten feet wide. The 
height varies from ten to twenty feet, de- 
pending on the place. The outer edge is 
built up to afford protection to those on the 
wall. At intervals there are steps leading 
down to the ground on the inside. This 
wall was built during the Ch'in dynasty, 
about 214 B. C, to keep out the roving 
tribes of Tartars from the north. They 
broke through later, however, and so did 
the Mongols at a time when the Chinese 
had lost much of their military vigor. 

It was very windy on top of the wall and 
we had all we could do to keep our hats 
on. In fact, the wind was so strong that 
it blew my handkerchief out of my pocket. 
Several little boys carried our umbrellas 
and canteens and anything else that might 
hinder our progress. They are always very 
anxious in this way to earn a few coppers 
from tourists. Miss Flory was climbing up 
the wall somewhat behind the rest of us, 
when one of the boys came up and said, 
" Missy, you are tired." 

" No, I'm not tired." 

"Yes, you are tired. Let me help you 
up the hill; then you give me some money." 

After the long train and ricksha ride 
back, we were all pretty dirty and tired, and 
hungry too. But it was a great trip, and I 
for one feel that I looked upon wonders that 
week-end. Even the pyramids of Egypt are 
not more wonderful, nor did they take more 
work or cost more than these monuments 
of China's past glory. 

It's over three years since we began rav- 
ing about the blessings of peace, and we 
are still raving. — Columbia ReconJ, 


The Missionary Visitor 



Anna Crumpacker 
This month saw the" release of all the mis- 
sionaries and other foreigners whom the 
bandits of Honan Province had been hold- 
ing for ransoms. The releasing was com- 
pelled by the Chinese government. 

Another interesting political action was 
the return of the former postage rate, Jan. 
1, 1923. Nov. 1 there had been an increase 
'of 50 per cent for foreign postage, except 
for Japan, and one of twenty-five per cent 
for local mails. The pressure from outside 
governments was so great that the advance 
in postal rates was withdrawn. 

There is a movement on foot to unify the 
schools for American children in China and 
Japan. A committee has been appointed 
and conferences are being held with this end 
in view. The schooling of American chil- 
dren in the Orient is a problem that has 
to be faced to be appreciated. 

We have had our first experience with 
a strike on our interior railway this month. 
All the workmen struck, and consequently 
all traffic was stopped. Some of our peo- 
ple landed at the junction just outside Shansi 
province the morning the strike began. It 

was a trying, expensive experience for them. 

Brother and Sister M. G. Blickenstaff are 
scheduled to sail for America Jan. 27, be- 
cause of the health of Sister Blickenstaff. 
She has not been well since in China, and 
now the doctors recommend their return. 
It is the cause of deep regret to our mis- 
sion. This makes a loss of five workers in 
less than a year. 

At this writing Sister Sue Heisey is very 
ill. Dr. Coffman and Sister Pollock are at- 
tending her in her home at .Shou Yang. 
We can but pray our Father to speedily 
restore her. £ 

. The Christmas season brought its usual 
number of programs and festivities to our 
various departments of work. One of the 
most interesting features at Ping Ting was 
from the Men's Bible School. They played 
the " Rich Man and Lazarus." They 
worked many interesting phases of Chinese 
thought into their play. 

Bro. M. M. Myers reports an unusual in- 
terest in Bible study among the students 
in Ti Yuan Fu. There are about one hun- 
dred and fifty students enrolled in Bible 
study from the government schools of that 

The Chart Used in Public Health Lectures 

These lectures are given to teach better means of sanitation and disease prevention 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ellen H. Wagoner 

Dec. 6 and 7. Miss Shickel, first year 
language study and Miss Replogle, A. S. B. 
Miller and J. E. Wagoner, second year 
language study, took their examination. All 
passed, making good grades and Miss 
Shickel made honors in her work. 

Dec. 19. Miss Edith Brubaker, sister of 
Mrs. L. A. Blickenstaff, landed at Bombay, 
on her trip around the world. Needless to 
say all are glad to welcome her to India. 
She will visit India, making her home with 
her sister at Bulsar, until Feb. 24, when she 
sails for Ceylon, China and Japan. 

Dec. 20. Mrs. E. H. Eby and the boys 
were welcomed at Bulsar. They have been 
at Naini Tal in school for 9 months. 

The first two weeks in December an 
Institute was held at Anklesvar for the 
special benefit of the Anklesvar and Vali 
village teachers. Others from the school 
took in as much as they could. Bro. Long 
and Premchand Ganesh did most of the 
instructing. The teachers received much 
inspiration to get back to their villages 
and help the people whom they have gone 
to serve. 

Bro. Alley and Miss B. Mary Royer are 
out in their work at different villages in 
their district at Dahanu in evangelistic 
work, Bro. Garner at Palghar and the 
Bloughs in Vyara District. The people are 
responsive and the work progresses. Bro. 
Blough reports thirty-one baptisms. In 
Anklesvar district, Dec. 31, baptism was ad- 
ministered to fifteen applicants. Nine of the 
number were from a village where previous- 
ly there had been no Christians. A work- 
er had been quietly working among them 
for three years. These lives are the first 
fruits. Let us pray that these nine may 
be true witnesses and so let their lights 
shine that others of their own people may 
turn and be saved. 

Because of a special hard attack of ma- 
laria, Bro. Long's have been hindered from 
taking their tent into the villages at Ankles- 
var. They are improving and it is hoped 
they may get out by the first of the new 
year. Miss Ziegler also hopes to be out 
in evangelistic work among the women in 
the same district. 

At Bulsar, every Sunday evening two or 
three groups of boarding boys with masters 
and missionaries go out to prominent places 
and sing, pray and testify for the Master. 
Preparations are being made to launch out 
farther in Bulsar district. Bro. E. H. Eby 
will have charge of this work. At present 
in the village of Khergam a worker is do- 
ing personal work and is making splendid 
progress. Recently temperance meetings 
were held there and the people were glad 
for them. 

The religious movement which is sweep- 
ing over India among the backward classes 
(village people), has reached many of the 
villages in the Jalalpor district. In this 
movement the goddess enters into one cer- 
tain person and the people then all worship 
this person as a god. Whatever he says 
they do. Mrs. Forney writes: "At Bhat, a 
number who became Christians during the 
past year, were asked to offer to this spirit 
but they refused. One of them, a fourteen- 
year-old boy, was persecuted and fined but 
he stood firm through it all. In this test- 
ing time we were caHed to the village to 
see what could be done for the men who 
were Christians. After talking with the 
head men of the village, some of whom 
were doing the persecuting, and showing 
them that these men were honorable, do- 
ing no evil of any kind, they finally asked 
to be forgiven for what they did. The 
testimony of these Christian people, under 
trial and persecution, is a testimony that 
will be for the glory of God. 

A short time after the thirteen orphan 
girls, from Ahmendnager, were added to 
the Girls' Boarding at Vada, twenty boys 
from the same district were added to the 
Boys' School. 

A new loom and blacksmithing outfit has 
recently been added to the industrial work 
in the Boys' School at Bulsar. 

Bro. and Sister Long, Mrs. Alley, Bro. 
Blough, Bro. Garner and Magdalene Long 
have, during the past few weeks, been af- 
flicted with malaria. This is Bro. Blough's 
first attack since he has been in India. All 
are better at the present time. 

Bro. Butterbaugh is busy these days look- 
ing after the building of the Boys' School 
building on the new compound at Palghar. 


The Missionary Visitor 


On Wednesday, Dec. 27, one of the 
masters in the Boys' School and one of the 
teachers in the Girls' School at Dahanu 
were united in marriage. Bro. Lichty per- 
formed the ceremony. After the wedding 
all but a few of our Hindu friends, who 
were present, partook of the wedding din- 
ner of rice and curry. 

Another Christmas season- is over. At all 
stations, this time of the year is always a 
busy one. Programs at the stations, also 
in the villages were given suitable to the 
season. At Bulsar, beginning on Sunday 
before Christmas and lasting during the 
week until New Year's day, different pro- 
grams and recreations were held. At 
Anklesvar on Christmas Eve, a pantdmine 
was given by the Anklesvar Sunday-school. 
It took in the events in connection with 
the birth of Christ. There was a deep 
reverence throughout the service. At the 
close an offering- was lifted for the benefit 
of the Russian Sufferers. The offering 
amounted to over fifty rupees (Appro x. 

At Vada, Fast Week was observed just 
a week before Christmas. The Fast was 
observed at this time so that the Christians 
might come to church on Christmas morn- 
ing with their offerings of sacrifice as a 
gift for the Lord's work in their church 
district. The children in the schools did 
without meat that week and once a day one 
meal was reduced to about half of what 
they usually get. The missionaries also 
reduced their largest meal to one dish, be- 
sides bread and butter for the week. The 
offerings were largely of money, some 
brought chickens, grain, eggs and clothes. 
These were disposed of in auction after- 
wards and brought good prices because the 
bidders were eager to increase the offering. 

The boys and girls at Dahanu, after giv- 
ing their program at the station on Satur- 
day evening before Christmas, on Christ- 
mas day went into some of the villages 
nearby, where there are mission schools and 
helped these children in their programs. 

At Vyara, on Saturday before Christmas, 
there were sports for the children, then 
in the evening both boarding schools and 
the Christian community had a meal to- 
gether. Sweets were given to all. The 

Christmas cheer and good will was broad- 
cast throughout the mission. 

The Wagoners, with Miss Kintner, spent 
a pleasant Christmas with the Ebeys at 
Ahwa. What a splendid work is being done 
among these poor people! The Shulls by 
the first of the year are to take up their 
abode at this place. Their help will be 
greatly welcomed. The new bungalow there 
is completed and ready for the Shulls. 

Just before we left to come home, Leah 
Ruth took sick and was ill for several days. 
The programs held at Ahwa were splendid 

The Blickenstaffs, accompanied by Miss 
Brubaker, spent the last few days of the 
old year in Dangs. They also report a 
splendid time. 

The Kaylors, Hollenbergs and Miss Wolf 
spent Christmas with the Garners and But- 
terbaughs. At that time, Bro. Garner was 
ill but is better. 

The children's school for missionary chil- 
dren at Bulsar, with Miss Kintner as teach- 
er, is going nicely with eight children en- 
rolled. Splendid work is being done. 

Friday evening,- Dec. 29, a quiet and very 
impressive communion service was held. 
A goodly number were present. 

On Sunday evening, Dec. 31, a commun- 
ion service was held at Anklesvar. The 
house was crowded, a large number being 
present from the villages. It was an es- 
pecially impressive service. The follow- 
ing Monday afternoon a business meeting 
was held. An important item of business 
was the electing of four deacons. The 
meeting had decided to elect only three, 
but after voting four times with four names 
always in the lead it seemed clear that the 
Lord was calling four to serve in this 
special way. 

Now another new year is upon us. Let 
us pray that His will be done, that His 
name may be glorified at home and abroad. 

All school histories ought to be burned. 
The ancient and medieval history taught 
the pupil is a menace soiling the mind of a 
child. Julius Caesar and Attila, the Hun, 
are more familiar than Aristotle and the 
Apostles. — Ex-Senator L. Y. Sherman. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Qome Htflina 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

A Noble Life 

M. R. 

ANNA A. SWIGART, wife of EM. M. 
C. Swigart, was born April 17, 1870, 
in Mifflin County, Pa., and died Jan. 
7, 1923, in Philadelphia, Pa., aged 52 years, 
8 months and 20 days. She was the third 
daughter and ninth child of eleven born to 
Levi and Rebecca Clinger Swigart. Because 
she did not change her name at the time 
of her marriage, Dec. 29, 1891, virtue was 
supposed, by some, to lie in bread baked 
by her, for the whooping cough, so folks 
seeking relief from this troublesome and 
annoying disease called on her for bread. 

Sister Swigart's mother died when Anna 
was only fifteen years old, and her father 
five years later. Because of this orphaned 
life she did not receive much school train- 
ing and none after the death of her mother. 
Her school life practically ended at the age 
of fifteen. She was by force of circum- 
stances well trained in home duties and be- 
came a careful, interested and able home 
maker and housekeeper. It was after her 
marriage that she became the interested and 
able church worker and women's leader she 

She and her husband took up the pastoral 
work of the Germantown church April 5, 
1906, almost seventeen years ago. From 
the beginning she proved a leader and 
moved out in the community, then in the 
District, and then to the Brotherhood at 
large, and all this without an effort on her 
part in seeking position, but simply be- 
cause her ability was recognized and the 
positions were given her. She was a good 
counselor, both in private and public; was 
never quick to jump at conclusions, but 
weighed her thoughts before speaking arid 
thus spoke with judgment. She cared not 
for the foolish, light, idle talk, in private or 
in public. She was able with her needle, 
and in her Aid Society could do any work 


that needed to be done, either with needle, 
shears, or what not. She was' a good pas- 
tor's wife — none better than she. She made 
many calls and could speak on spiritual sub- 
jects to strangers or friends, in public or 
private, with ease and comfort. Many are 
the people in the community in which she 
lived that knew her as the " lady with the 
sweet face in the little black bonnet." When 
sickness or death came, Sister Swigart's 
presence was sought, and on different oc- 
casions when her husband was away and 
was wanted in the homes of the sick and 
dying, she went in his stead and gave words 
of comfort and prayed by the bedside. She 
was straight from the heart in her con- 
versation, plain in her speech. Many times 
hurt by others, she always forgave and for- 
gave right. She lived her convictions. 

Many fields of activity will miss her pres- 
ence and help, first of all, her own home, her 
husband and one daughter. She loved her 
home and took pride in keeping it com- 
fortable in every way. The family of three 
were closely devoted to each other and all 
were much interested in church activities. 
She will be missed in the church at German- 
town. She there did the work of three or 
four women. She had a class in Sunday- 
school that averaged about forty every Sun- 
day. They respected her leadership in 
every way, and in her home are many tokens 
of that respect in the way of useful and 
costly gifts given by that class of women. 
The Aid Society was one of the best in 
the Brotherhood. Sister Swigart never 
missed a meeting, day or night; was the 
first there and the last to leave. Last year 
her own society gave over $300 to missions. 
The mothers' meeting, the last Friday even- 
ing of every month, gave her much concern, 
as she always secured some one who had a 
message worth while, to speak to the 


The Missionary Visitor 


mothers. It was a mothers' meeting Sister 
Swigart last attended and presided over one 
week before her death. The District will 
miss her, for she was just as much interested 
in that and worked until she reached the goal 
of an Aid Society in every congregation. 
The Brotherhood at large will miss her, 
for she was the national president of our 
Aid Societies and worked hard for and saw 
completed by them the Girls' School in In- 
dia, the Quinter Memorial Hospital in India, 
and the hospital in China and was as much 
interested in the Industrial school in Greene 
County, Virginia. That project has lost a 
good friend and supporter in Sister Swigart. 
The past summer she and her husband 
visited the farm and saw the building erected, 
and therefore she was prepared to back the 
work to her full ability. The General Mis- 
sion Board elected her as a trustee of the 
school, but her work is done, and she has 
gone to the schoolhouse in the skies. Sister 
Swigart was a liberal giver to missions. All 
money picked up in the home, street, or 
anywhere went into her missionary box. All 
rag money and old paper money went to 
the same place. She more than tithed her 
income, giving more than do many men 
with large farms and bank accounts. 

With all these duties pressing on her, 
she found time to write for the Messenger, 
keeping all posted on the doings and needs 
of the Aid Societies. She wrote several 
articles on the same line for our Yearbook. 
Her last one appears in this year's issue. 
Besides all this she was constantly getting 
letters asking for advice and information 
from Aid Societies all over the Brotherhood. 
She meant to answer all these personally. 

With these numerous duties she found 
time to read her Bible. Since her passing 
away the Bible she most used was shown 
the writer of this article; the way the Book 
is marked and underscored from beginning 
to end is marvelous. All through the book 
are pencil markings in blue, red, and black. 
On the margins and on blank spaces I found 
these notes: "Blue marked the year 1915"; 
"read the Bible through in 1913"; "read the 
New Testament in 1914"; "read the whole 
Bible in 1915 by reading three chapters each 
day and five on Sunday. Missed four days' 
reading the entire year." On a margin is 
written this: "Forgot to read May 2, 1916." 

At the 119th Psalm, written around the 
margin, " Read the 15th of June, 1916, at 
Conference, Winona Lake, in our room." 
Then again, " Read June 16, 1917, in our 
study room," and again, " Read June 20, 

1918, Thursday evening"; again, "read Aug. 
21, 1919; Esther at work. Her father in 
Georgia at the camps." This, on another 
margin: "Oct. 25, 1920, Miss Lizzie Paul 
buried. Died Oct. 22, 1920. A good Chris- 
tian woman"; then this: "Aug. 5, 1918, 
read here, Monday morning. Sister Mc- 
Cann here yesterday." At Hosea, 8th chap- 
ter, " Sept. 7, 1916, Sister Geiger died." 
Then" she gets as far as Zephaniah and on 
the margin, " Sept. 18, 1916, Esther goes 
to college again — her third year." At the 
end of the Old Testament is written, "Read 
the Old Testament the last on Oct. 8, 1915," 
in red; " read the Old Testament the last on 
Sept. 24, 1916. Sunday, very cool day," in 
black. " Read the Old Testament the last 
Sept. 23, 1917. Sunday, rather cool," 
"read the Old Testament the last 
Sept. 29, 1918. Sunday, cool. Milton at 
Palmyra, preaching." Then in the New 
Testament at Mark 7 is written, " Read- 
ing here when word came Mr. Dewees was 
killed Jan. 12, 1918." Then at the end of 
the Bible are written these sentences, 
" Finished reading on Dec. 28, 1916, Thurs- 
day morning;" " finished reading the Bible 
on Dec. 31, Monday, 1917. We had a watch 
meeting. We also sewed for Red Cross"; 
" finished reading the Bible Tuesday, Dec. 
31, 1918. Raining. Women's class to come 
here tonight. Five times read the Bible 
through"; "read the Bible through in year 

1919. Watch meeting. Good." At the be- 
ginning of Mark's Gospel, " Read the en- 
tire book of Mark, Sunday, Oct. 13, 1918. 
Church closed for two Sundays." At an- 
other place, "Read Oct. 20, 1918, Sunday. 
No church. The third Sunday church 
closed. ' Flu.' " On the second day of her 
last illness she remarked that the New Year 
had started and she had not got to read- 
ing her Bible, for she wanted to read it 
through again this year. Her marked Bible 
is a veritable diary of many years. 

As she lay in her house on the day of 
her funeral, two little dirty, ragged boys 
came in, and as they stood by her they said, 
" This is too bad about Mrs. Swigart, for 


The Missionary Visitor 


we surely did like her." A half-witted 
young man to whom Mrs. Swigart had often 
given good things to eat, came to the door 
a couple of times, wanting to see her be- 
fore the proper time. When he last came 
he brought two large artificial leaves, tied 
with a ribbon, and with tears in his eyes 
asked that they might be laid on her grave, 
for he liked Mrs. Swigart. Since her pass- 
ing away, Bro. Swigart and daughter have 
received from the official councils of the 
Second Baptist Church, St. Michael's 
Lutheran Church, St. Michael's Episcopal 
Church, and the Men's Class of the Presby- 
terian Church the kindest words of sym- 

pathy, an expression of her loyalty to her 
church and to the community. 

We question if any woman, anywhere, 
when passing out of this life, will be more 
missed by more people than Sister Swigart. 
Her simple faith in her Christ and her 
church was lived every day by her. Her 
sunny, cheerful disposition was an influence 
that left an impression on all whom she 
met anywhere and everywhere. As one let- 
ter of sympathy expressed it to the bereaved 
father and daughter, " The maturing woman- 
hood of the community has lost a good in- 
fluence." May we be inspired by her noble 
life, for she, " being dead, yet speaketh." 

Foreign Mission Work at Home — Falfurrias, Texas 

H. D. Michael 

THE Industrial School for Mexicans at before them. 
Falfurrias, Tex., is now open and 
making problems every day; in fact, 
so many that each twenty-four hours makes 
more than that day can find solved. One of 
the largest of these staring us in the face at 
the present is the turning away of some 
of the boys who desire to come. It is hard 
to do. We have as yet no schoolroom 
furniture except that made by the writer. 
A number of the rooms are not yet fur- 
nished, other than with beds, and with the 
addition of more boys to our list it will 
mean higher running expenses. 

These people are teachable, peaceable, 
willing to be led, and once they have their 
eyes opened they are willing to suffer if 
need be for the name of Christ. Yet they 
have for generations had very low ideals 

They have had no chance 
given them to develop. To be to them what 
we should be requires the highest of ideals 
and best influence being held before them 

Far be it from me to suggest that we as 
a church have ever sent too many mission- 
aries across the seas, or more funds than 
should have been so used. I fully believe 
the reverse, but with that I believe that in 
doing the fine work that has been done for 
foreigners in other lands we have neglected 
those in our midst. We have more than 
one-tenth of Mexico's people now with us. 
Among them are more than a million chil- 
dren to be reached for Christ and country. 
How many may be the jewels lost that 
should have been brought to our Christ? 


Modern minds have discovered how to 
broadcast news from high-power stations. 
The world is becoming accustomed to listen- 
ing in. The early Christians knew a more 
powerful wireless. It is the privilege of 
every member of our Fellowship to make 
credible as a working force this same pow- 
er. Today men are hungry to know how 
they may have this inspiration; how to 
make God's thoughts their thoughts. Let 
us give at least ten minutes every morning 
so that God may flash his truth to us and 
through us to others. 

" Be still and know that I am God."— 
February Student Challenge. 

Go forward then with courage, cheer and 
resolution. Give yourself to your beloved 
country, your community, your church, like 
a prince. Make Scalp Level a happier and 
safer place in which to live. Stamp the 
burden of "Others" upon your heart. If 
the torch of life has fallen from your hand 
the past year, leap forward and relight it 
at the altar of God. Let us make this the 
most useful, and thereby the most beautiful, 
year of our lives. — L. S. Knepper, Pastor of 
the Scalp Level Church, Pa., in Scalp Level 

" The best wealth is health." — Emerson. 


The Missionary Visitor 




©Iff QJnrkfrs' Qmmfr 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


The Arcadia Church (Ind.) is entering 
upon the study of missions. The members 
are using Bro. Royer's book, " Christian 
Heroism in Heathen Lands." They have 
also ordered the reading course books, and 
it appears they intend to complete the full 
course. They have not neglected the chil- 
dren for they have ordered missionary pic- 
ture material for them. 

Bro. William Beahm, the traveling secre- 
tary for the United Student Volunteers, has 
completed his work of visiting each of the 
colleges this winter. From some of the 
schools he reports very refreshing evidences 
of a forward movement in the missionary 
program of the church. Some schools are 
developing strong stewardship volunteers, 
while in others the emphasis for foreign 
work continues strong. 

Brother and Sister Miles Blickenstaff, mis- 
sionaries sent to China, who found it neces- 
sary on account of sickness to return to 
America, arrived at Seattle Feb. 13. We 
pray sincerely for their restoration to health, 
and their active participation in the work of 

Bro. J. M. Pittenger, one of our faith- 
ful missionaries to India, who is detained 
in America for lack of health, wrote us a 
letter the other day that greatly touched our 
hearts. He sent a check for the work in 
Africa. He said the offering was made pos- 
sible through the generosity of a good 
brother at Elizabethtown, Pa., of whom he 
purchased a pair of shoes. After the broth- 
er had sold him the shoes he informed Bro. 
Pittenger that he would make no charge, 
as the shoes were a gift. Now Bro. Pit- 
tenger was so glad to give an extra gift to 
missions that he sent the price of the shoes 
in addition to another check, a quarterly 
payment of a Share of Support in India. 
We are publishing this without Bro. Pit- 
tenger's consent, but it warmed and softened 

our hearts. If you who read this have any 
need for heart warming it may help you, 

The Ottawa (Kans.) Junior C. W. is hav- 
ing a splendid time studying missions. The 
members have already read the following 
books: "Fez and Turban Tales," "Next- 
Door Neighbors," " Stay at Home Jour- 
neys," " Wonderland of India," " The 
Honorable Crimson Tree," " Giovanni," 
" Frank Higgins, the Trail Blazer," "Junior 
Folks at Mission Study — China," " Junior 
Folks at Mission Stud}' — India," " Mook," 
and " Lamp Lighters Across the Sea." They 
are now reading the " Life of Brother J. H. 
B. Williams." Mrs. J. E. Throne, their 
superintendent, reports that because of the 
splendid interest they do not have a disci- 
pline problem. 

The Ladies' Missionary Union of Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, have written a brief sketch 
in memory of Sister S. B. Miller, of that 
city, who was killed by an automobile last 
summer. We quote the following sentence 
from the article: " She was one of our faith- 
ful workers, always with a helping hand 
ready to do the Master's work. She was a 
true friend, a commander, and a guide to 
better things." The Church of the Breth- 
ren lost in the death of Sister Miller one 
of her most interested and faithful students 
of the missionary program. 

New Mission Study Classes have recently 
been started in the Scalp Level and Rum- 
mel congregations in Western Pennsylvania. 
There is a "growing spirit of interest for 
mission work in Western Pennsylvania. 

The Dayton (Ohio) World Missions Con- 
ference was a very important missionary 
event for the city of Dayton. The Foreign 
Missions Conference of North America ar- 
ranged with all churches in the city, that 
from Feb. 2 to 5 the claims of foreign mis- 
sions would be presented. On Sunday, 104 


The Missionary Visitor 


spalSHl pptJSS5H5S^^ss^ 


;4\ '-ft * f 

*;< ^4&"^t ira:.:.. i ;:-f •- — I 



1 ^* ^ • 




^^^^ - ™~: «^" 


Front Row, from left to right, Mrs. E. M. Knepper, pianist. Mrs. C. R. Bauermaster, Mrs. 
C. E. Reiman, Mrs. H. R. Knepper, Mrs. Ralph E. Shober, Rev. Ralph E. Shober (teacher), Margaret 
Christner, Gaye Reiman, Elta May, Gladys Knepper, J. L. Knepper, J. C. Reiman. 

Second Row: E. M. Knepper, C. R. Bauermaster, G. S. Reiman, C. E. Reiman, H. R. Knepper, 
(president), Earl Saylor, Clarence Knepper, Meyers Knepper, Homer Saylor, Everett Shober, Eva 
Hittie, George Crist, Mrs. J. C. Reiman. 

Back Row: Sherman Yoder, Albin Knepper, E. L. Knepper, (Chorister), Mrs. E. L. Knepper, 
Mrs. C. K. Shober, C. K. Shober, Glenn Reiman, Elbert Reiman, A. J. Mostollar. 

messages were given in the churches. Be- 
sides this there were special conferences 
for laymen and ministers. About twenty- 
Church of the Brethren ministers were pres- 
ent in the ministers' conference, and all 
felt that it was quite worth while. It was a 
special privilege to have a very clear and 
concise story of the whole Moslem situation 
in the world, as told by Dr. Samuel M. 
Zwemer, who is perhaps the world's great- 
est authority on missionary work among 
Moslems. On Sunday "afternoon a meeting 
for all of our Southern Ohio churches was 
held at the West Dayton church. This 
was very well attended, and we were well 
entertained by Bro. W. C. Detrick, pastor, 
and the members of the church there. 

The General Mission Board will meet next 
April 18. Matter pertaining to any business 
to be presented to this meeting should be 
received as far in advance of this date as 
possible. It is desirable that all missionary 
applicants to be approved by the Calgary 
Conference in June should have their appli- 
cations before the Board in April. 

Our Brethren in Africa, according to our 
latest word from them, written January 11 
from Lagos, says, that on the next day they 
planned to start for the interior of Nigeria. 

They had hoped to have Mr. Alvarez, a 
missionary of the Church Missionary Society, 
to accompany them on their investigations 
but at the last minute it was impossible for 
him to go. The private secretary of the 
Governor of Nigeria invited them to dine 
with His Excellency in the government 
house, but because they did not have dress 
suits, they had to decline. News will not 
be so frequent since they are in the interior. 
Now is when they need our prayers most. 
As this is being written, another letter, 
written January 15, comes, saying they had 
arrived safely at Kaduna, 569 miles north of 
Lagos. & js 


Zero and 112 Present. It was a cold, bit- 
ter, windy night. The streets were bare. 
One church in the city had put a notice in 
the newspaper that there would be no 
prayer meeting that night on account of 
the weather. 

But at the church of our story, having 
about 165 resident members, a Church 
School of Missions was in progress. They 
had been meeting on Wednesday evenings, 
with an attendance of about 125. But with 
a zero night would many come to study 


The Missionary Visitor 


A brief explanation of the management 
and program of the school is in place. The 
local missionary committee, seeing the need 
for more study of missions, brought as an 
item of business before the Church Council 
the matter of the church using Wednesday 
evening for a six-week Church School of 
Missions. The church approved the plan 
and asked the Board of Religious Education 
to make the necessary plans for its manage- 
ment. The following plan was adopted and 
carried out: One man was elected superin- 
tendent of the school. Six teachers were 
selected to teach the following classes: Be- 
ginners, 3 to 6 years; primaries, 7 to 9 
years; juniors, 10 to 13 years; intermediates, 
14 to 16; young people, 17 to 24, and adults. 
The beginners and primaries were taught 
from pictures and stories, the juniors 
studied " Lamp Lighters Across the Sea," 
the intermediates studied " Christian Hero- 
ism," the young people studied the " Manual 
of the General Mission Board," and the 
adults made a study of the missionary his- 
tory of the Church of the Brethren. 

An evening's program of the school was 
as follows: Six o'clock, supper at the church; 
6:40, recreation; 7:00 classes assemble for 
study; 7:35, whole school assembles for 
church family worship; 7:55, adjournment. 

The feeding of 125 people at the church 
was no small task, but it was easily handled 
in the following way: One woman with good 
business ability was selected to manage the 
suppers. The price for adults was 25c and 
for children 15c. On Tuesday evening, 
after public school, a class of intermediate 
boys set up the tables. On the next after- 
noon some members of an adult class in the 
Sunday-school met and commenced prepara- 
tions for the supper. At six promptly the 
meal was served, but those who prepared 
the meal were not responsible further, as 
another class did the serving. After the 
meal still a third class did the dishwash- 
ing. The enlistment of people in the work 
of the supper gave many something to do 
and helped to increase the attendance. After 
supper a few table games were engaged in 
for ten or fifteen minutes. Then all went 
into classes, where each group worked as 
hard at their study as they had at eating 
and playing. After the class period all 
assembly in the main room of the church 

for a fifteen-minute family worship period. 
The name of the family was God's Church 
of the Brethren family, and the elder of the 
church, leading the worship period, had 
verses read and quoted by others after 
which he commented briefly on the scrip- 
tures and then invited a number to pray. 
After singing a song we were dismissed. 
The whole program of the evening had 
lasted just two hours. 

The class period, of course, is the main 
reason for the school. It is the ideal way to 
secure a general study of missions in a 
local church. It is just as illogical for a 
half dozen to pull apart from the main 
body of the church and study missions as 
it would be for only a half dozen to attend 
Sunday-school. The fact that the whole 
church is doing it helps to tide over the 
discouraging spots that come to small class- 

The family worship period, while second- 
ary to the study period, is nevertheless a 
most valuable time. After the foregoing 
events of the evening the people are in a 
splendid attitude of worship, and to con- 
sider all as members of the one family 
creates unity. 

As to the value of the supper, there is 
room for difference of opinion. The sup- 
per idea in churches has sometimes been 
overdone, and likely the church will not be 
built as substantially around the supper 
table as it will around the cross. Yet Jesus 
used the fellowship of eating together many 
times to create the atmosphere that would 
help in his work. The good breakfasts the 
morning after the communion are great social 
occasions in the Church of the Brethren. 
It is quite possible to see much merit in 
the suppers in connection with the school. 

The Church School of Missions plan is 
very flexible, and any part or all of the fore- 
going plan may be used to suit local con- 
ditions. In the country, Sunday evening 
may be better than a week night. Some 
will use the entire evening, while others will 
use only the Christian Workers' hour. Some 
will have a six weeks' school, while others 
will have more or less. A leaflet describe 
ing the school in more detail will be sent 
upon request tp the Qeneral Mission Board^, 
Elgin, 111, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Your name 
and address 



General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 


For Aunt Adalyn. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: I would like to join 
your circle. I enjoy your stories very much. 
I also enjoy trying to crack the " Nuts." 
I tried hard to get them right this time. 
I am ten years old and am a Junior. 
Yours truly, 

Middlebury, Ind. Rachel Schrock. 

See what comes of sticking to it. You 
found all the missionaries that were " hid- 
den " in the woods! 

My Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have not joined 
your circle yet, but I think I am welcome. 
I was twelve years old the last day of Janu- 
ary. We have a Junior C. W. here and T 
like it very much. Whenever the Mission- 
ary Visitor comes I always turn to the 
Junior page first. I have been reading it 
for quite a long time, but have been afraid 
to write, but here I am anyway. I am send- 
ing the answers to the January puzzles. 
Hoping they are right, I am, 

Sincerely yours, 

Milledgeville, 111. Sarah Gnagey. 

Well, the ice is broken now, and next 
time you'll tell us what your Workers' 
Society does besides hold meetings. Do 
you have programs of good deeds, every 
day in the year? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: Here I am again. I 
hope I don't bother you. But I am not so 
busy now and have more time to visit. We 
did not have our mid-term exams at school, 
but will have them in the spring. We live 
one-fourth mile from the canal, but I have 
never skated any yet. The boys have 
though. I was at a Sunday-school class 
party last week. We all had a good time. 
Well, as my letter is getting lengthy, I 

will close. Here are my answers to Janu- 
ary puzzles. 

With lots of love, 

Ruth A. Cook. 

Spencerville, O., R. D. 2. 

What is the name of the canal? Are any 
boats used on it at present? The winter 
hereabouts has been so mild that the ice 
dealers have given up getting a crop from 
the river. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have been reading 
the Junior letters for some time, and thought 
I would like to get acquainted with the 
rest of you. I am twelve years of age 
and in the fifth grade. I go to a country 
school. I like to hear from other lands or 

With love from 

Emma Frances Isenberg. 

Jonesboro, Tenn., Route 10, Box 119. 

I suppose you do not have to shiver like 
we do up North. What is your nearest 
large city? Do you expect to go to col- 
lege some day? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I wish the Junior Mis- 
sionary letters would come once a week, 
for I can't wait till they come, I like to 
read them so well. I wish very much to 
join the Junior circle if there is any room 
for me; but I hope so, very much. I am 
twelve years old, and I go to Sunday- 
school every Sunday. I haven't missed a 
Sunday for about four years. I go to the 
First Church of the Brethren. I also be- 
long. I have belonged for about six years. 
I wish some of the other girls would write, 
because I like to receive letters. I will 
close, so there is room for some one else. 
Yours truly, 

Nyleta M. Stilwell. 

1618 S. Leer St., So. Bend, Ind. 

That is a fine record. I suppose you have 
a diploma, and are beginning to put seals 
on it? I was in your beautiful church last 
summer, a few weeks before dedication. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am a little girl eight 
years old. I go to Broadfording, Md., to 
Sunday-school, and to Maugansville, Md., 
to day-school. I lost half of my school this 
winter by being sick, but I am well again. 
I love to go to school. I am in the third 
grade. I am the only child mother and papa 


The Missionary Visitor 


have. But we have taken a little girl baby 
to raise. We got her through the Child 
Rescue. Her mother died when she was 
four days old. She is twenty months old 
now and is lots of company for me. I love 
to read the Junior Missionary letters. 
Your friend, 

Mary Buterbaugh. 

Hagerstown, Md., Route 4. 

When I was your age we lived at Linga- 
nore, Md., and I heard my mother speak of 
the Broadfording church. Too bad you 
had to miss so much school. But most 
everybody was sick this season. I'd like 
to see the little darling you have adopted. 
What do you call her? 


Alice King Ebey 
One morning different members of the 
household at the mission rest home in the 
Himalayas were looking at the beautiful 
snow-capped mountains that loomed up in 
the distance. An Indian servant exclaimed, 
" Why, that snow is our god. Every year 
we make a pilgrimage up to the snows to 
worship our snow god." 

A missionary's little daughter, lately come 
from America, said, " O mother, how rich 
we are!" " Why do you think so, my dear?" 
asked the mother. " Because India is ours 
and America is ours," was the prompt reply. 

The same little girl, on seeing the naked 
Indian babies, asked, " Mama, why does 
God give American mothers babies with 
lovely white dresses on, and these Indian 
mothers only naked brown babies?" 

One day a little Indian girl was found 

rubbing and rubbing her brown hands with 

soap and ashes. Finally with a disgusted 

air she said, " I have rubbed and rubbed 

and rubbed but my hands don't get white 

like the little missybai's hands." 

Ahwa, Dangs, India. 

" When you give a piece of your mind, 
you lose your peace of mind." 

" Man doesn't need a clean shirt — he 
needs a clean heart. When he gets one 
he will get the other." 

Broken Church Furniture 

1. Lit pup. 

2. Bleat. 

3. As rich. 

4. P crate. 

5. Spew. 

6. Slap et. 

7. Sly hamn. 

8. Lies BB. 

9. Rich leaned. 

10. K. C. Col. 

Hidden Countries 

1. See the Juniors march in a row. 

2. He invested all his money in diamond 

3. A group of missionaries went to upper 

4. They had a dish of spaghetti between 

5. We saw Phyllis wed Ensign Peterson. 

6. It is either good grain or wayside weed. 

7. The tiger will break from his den; mark 
my words! 

8. The critics call it a lyrical composition. 

9. You and I will never agree, Cecilia. 

10. He thought the young American a dash- 
ing cavalier. 


1. Curtail to delight, and leave to burn. 

2. To subside, and leave evil. 

3. A time of day, and leave a bird. 

4. First in rank, and leave precise. 

5. *A swamp, and leave one of the planets. 

6. Benevolent, and leave relatives. 

7. A fireplace, and leave a vital organ. 

8. A conflagration, and leave a tree. 

9. A reservoir, and leave sunburn. 

(Answers next month) 

February Nuts Cracked 

Decapitations. — 1. Rice-ice. 2. Blot-lot. 3. 

Pill-ill. 4. Pear-ear. 5. Thigh-high. 6. 
Bran-ran. 7. Whelp-help. 8. Sport-port. 
9. Tease-ease. 

2. Pine. 3. Gum. 4. 

6. Ash. 7. Palm. 8. 

Trees. — 1. Fir. 
Spruce. 5. Beech 
Plane (plain). 

Jumbled Books. 

Acts. 4. Ruth 
Philippians. 8 
Nehemiah. 11 

■1. Amos. 2. Peter. 3. 

5. Esther. 6. Obadiah. 7. 

Zechariah. 9. Romans. 10. 

Ezra. 12. Psalms. 13. Titus. 

14. Daniel. 15. Ezekiel. 16. Deuteronomy. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The name of the little lady to the left is Dya Lakshuan. The midget perched on the table 
is Levita Tulsia. Their parents are village workers at Umalla, India. Photo sent by Kathryn Ziegler. 


Kathryn Garner 

Let me tell you of a little Indian girl 
whose name was Sona. Her mother was 
not a good woman, so she did not love this 
baby girl. When she was only fifteen days 
old her mother gave her away. Although 
her parents did not love her, God did. He 
had prepared a good home for her. So 
when she was brought to a Christian fam- 
ily, they were ready to take her and care 
for her as their own. 

Sona's parents were Hindu, but since her 
foster parents were Christians, they were 
glad to get her. They hoped to train her 
to become a Christian. They fed her the 
best they knew how, and she grew real well 
for six or eight months. Then she be- 
came sick. Her food did not digest well. 
She had fever and became very weak. She 
was given medicine, and after several weeks 
she got better and seemed pretty well again. 

Her parents thought she was getting along 
all right. Her food seemed to agree with 
her and she was stronger. Then suddenly 
one afternoon she became ill. When she 
awoke from her afternoon nap she began 
to cry, so her mother took her up. In a 

few minutes she began to breathe very 
hard and soon became unconscious. She 
remained that way for about one hour and 
a half and then she stopped breathing. She 
had gone to be with Jesus. 

Her foster parents had loved her as their 
own. They had done all they could for her. 
Now that she had gone they felt very 
badly. But they loved God, and knew that 
He did everything well, so they said, "God's 
will be done." 

I want to tell you of another little Indian 
girl. Her name is Rachel. Her parents 
were Christians. They were very faithful in 
having family prayers every evening, so 
Rachel had learned to pray when she was 
quite young. Her father died when she 
was five or six years old. Her mother went 
out with the lady missionary to tell Bible 
stories to the women and children. 

One evening, when Rachel was eight or 
nine years old, her mother went out to a 
village to tell the story of Jesus. Rachel 
stayed in the bungalow with a missionary 
who had not been in Indian very long. 
Rachel was quite a little talker. She told 
stories and asked many questions. 

When it became time to get ready to go 


The Missionary Visitor 


to bed, she said, " You select a chapter to 
read and I will pray." The new mission- 
ary was very much interested in all this 
little girl could do. She was especially sur- 
prised to find one in this country who was 
so able and willing to read the Bible and 
pray when as small as Rachel was. 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India. 

One of our busy foreign workers sends 
us the following 

Cracker Story 

A missionary went to Bombay, and 
among his purchases were some crackers. 
On the way home he got hungry, so he 
opened his tin of crackers. He stopped to 
visit a fellow missionary and stayed all 
night. His baggage and the tin of crackers 
were in his bedroom. As they were visiting 
rather late at night, a rat came and opened 
the cracker box. She saw at once she 
couldn't eat them nearly all, so she began to 
store some away for a future day. She 
made a little too much noise, so v/as dis- 
turbed by the two missionaries, though she 
had the tin nearly empty. After a search, 
the crackers were found behind a box or 
cupboard, not broken. What to do? They 
looked too nice to leave them. Then the 
missionary assured his visitor that the rat's 
teeth were perfectly clean, as she came 
every night and cleaned them with his soap 
in the bath room. 

I have read of a little colored boy down 
-in Mississippi who was converted to God, 
and he was so happy he did not know 
what to do with himself. He laughed, and 
finally he cried out, " Oh, it is sweet, it is 
sweet as molasses!" Yes, you laugh at that; 
but twenty-eight hundred years before that 
Israel's royal singer said: "It is sweeter 
than honey and the honeycomb." One 
lived in a honey country, and the other 
in a molasses country; but the sentiment 
is exactly the same. — Dr. Meredith. 

" There is a close connection between 
empty church pews and full jails." 

" People pray by wholesale and then wor- 
ry by retail." 

"Judas bought a through ticket to hell — 
and there was no return ticket on it either." 


(For Recitation) 
A is for Adam, first man in the line, 
B is the Breath of his Maker divine; 
C is the Cattle that browsed in the shade, 
D is the Dust out of which they were made; 
E is for Eve, made for company's sake; 
F is the Fruit she was tempted to take. 
G is the Garden so green, cool, and fair, 
H is for Helpmeet, the tending to share. 
I is for Innocence fled — precious boon! 
J is the Justice that followed full soon; 
K is the Knowledge that brought them dis- 
L is the Law which they could not efface. 
M is the Mother of all humankind; 
N is the Nakedness sin brought to mind. 
O is Obedience — broken their vow, 
P is their Punishment, reaching till now. 
Q is the Question that made them afraid; 
R is the Rib from which woman was made; 
S is the Serpent, pretending to know; 
T is the Thistles that started to grow; 
U is the Undone, the Unhappy pair, 

V is the Voice they could no longer bear. 
W is the Woe which the Evil One wrought; 
X is the Xcellent promise God brought; 

Y is the Year the Deliverer came; 

Z is the Zeal we should use for his name. 

A. H. B. 

A little village lad once -had to make a 
long journey to a distant town. When he 
was ready to start, he paused, and hesitated 
at the doorway. 

" Mother," he said in a trembling voice, 
" it's so far, and it is a strange road. I — 
I'm not 'zactly afraid, but could you come 
a teeny way with me?" 

The mother caught the anxiety in the 
childish appeal, and, taking his little hand 
in hers, said, " My son, mother will go all 
the way with you." 

And so, with his hand in hers, the lad 
walked along fearlessly. Even so with us, 
we have no need to fear the future if God 
be our guide. 

" God is Before me, He will be my guide; 
God is Behind me, no ill can betide; 
God is Beside me, to comfort and cheer, 
God is Around me, so why should I fear?" 


" God's grace is not put up in cans and 
sent out — but it's always on tap." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tract Distribution. During the month of January, 
the Board sent out 1,474 tracts. 

Corrections. No. 9— By refund of $37.50 to Raisin, 
Calif. Junior C. W., contributed in 1920 for mis- 
sionary support assignment that could not be made. 
(See China Mission account below). 

No. 10 — Provision has been made by Leland C. 
Moomaw, Virginia, to transfer $500.00 previously 
received in excess of needs for missionary support 
to establish a library at Bulsar, India. This is 
notice of adjustment. 

Conference Offering. The Conference (Forward 
Movement) offering for the year ending Feb. 28, 1923 
at this time stands as follows: 

Cash received, all funds since March 1, 1922, $196,997.21 
Pledges outstanding (estimated), 15,000.00 

Total, $211,997.21 

January Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during January: 

Arizona— $16.53 

S. S.: Glendale, $ 16 53 

Arkansas— $1.65 

1st. Dist., Indv.: Miss E. H. Babb, 1 65 

California— $193.56 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rio Linda, $19.60; Sarah 
J. Beckner (Reedley) $1, 20 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Long Beach, $148.16; 
Tropico Cong. & S. S., $9.30; J. P. Dickey, 
(LaVerne) $.50; David Blickenstaff (La- 
Verne) $5; Mary M. Hepner (Covina) $5; 

Henry S. Sheller (Long Beach) $5, 172 96 

Canada— $2.90 

Indv.: Mrs. C. S. Blong, 2 90 

Colorado— $36.85 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister 
(Denver) $10; Conrad Fitz (Denver) $2.50, 12 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Wiley, 24 35 

Florida— $2.65 

Indv.: H. J. Shallenberger, $.65; No. 

61794, $2, 2 65 

Idaho— $94.00 

Cong.: Twin Falls, $50; L. Clanin (Clear- 
water) $2.50; B. Garrison (Clearwater) $1; 
W. F. E. Harlacher (Clearwater) $2.50; A. 
J. Detrick (Clearwater) $10; S. S.: Payette 
Valley, $28, 94 00 

Illinois— $225.56 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockford, $17; Rock 
Creek, $13.16; Mt. Morris, $34.70; Pine Creek, 
$2; Elias Weigle (Shannon) $5; Wm. Wing- 
erd (Lanark) $12; Wm. R. Thomas, (Mt. 
Morris) $1; E. P. Trostle (Mt. Morris) $5; 
Jennie Ruble (Chicago) $2; A. L. Moats 
(Dixon) $1.20; W. E. West (Mt. Morris) 
$5; Jno. C. Lampin (Polo) $5; Mary C. Lah- 
man (Franklin Grove) $100; John M. Lutz 
(Chicago) $1; Lizzie Shirk (Mt. Morris) $1; 
Nannie C. Wagner (Chicago) $2.50; Wm. H. 
Wagner (Chicago) $2.50; Andrew L. Rainey 
& Wife (Chicago) $12.50, 222 56 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. D. C. Vaniman 
(Virden), 3 00 

Indiana— $484.85 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Loon Creek, $116.01; 
Mexico, $10.20; Salamonie, $31.76; Ogans 
Creek, $25; Roann, $13.65; Burnettsville, 
$91.52; J. Edson Ulery (M. N.) (Manchester) 
$.50; S. S. Ulrich (Salamonie) $25; John W. 
Hoover (Manchester) $1.25; J. D. Rife 
(Roann) $1.20; Odis P. Clingenpeel (Flora) 
$2; Wm. M. Eikenberry (Manchester) $1; 
Frank Fisher (Mexico) $1; M. E. Miller 
(Peru) $1; Wm. J. Tinkle (Portland) $5; No. 
62601 (Manchester) $20; Indv.: Frances A. 
Crill, $2.25; Walter Balsbaugh, $5 353 34 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shipshewana, $21.26; 
Solomons Creek, $18; Jacob B. Neff, (Bethel) 
$5; Enos W. Bowers (Wakarusa) $1; Samuel 
E. Good (No. Liberty) $1; Annetta Johnson 
(Nappanee) $2.50; Indv.: Christ Cripe, $25.25; 
Mrs. Irene Musser, $8.50; Melvin D. Neff, 
$10 92 51 

So. Dist., Cong.: Nettle Creek, $2.50; 
Indianapolis, $22.50; Catharine Stout, (Nettle 
Creek) $5; S. S. : "Bright Light" No. 
8 Class (Anderson) $5; Indv.: B. F. Shill, 

$4, 39 00 

Iowa— $475.47 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $2; E. 
L. West (Des Moines Valley) $79; Franklin 
Rhodes & Wife (Dallas Center) $200; C. Z. 
Reitz (Maxwell) $40, 32100 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, $21.42; Edw. 
Zapf, (Grundy Co.) $5; Louisa Messer 
(Grundy Co.) $2.50; Hannah C. Messer 
(Grundy Co.) $1; Conrad Messer (Grundy 
Co.) $2.50; W. C. Kimmel (Sheldon) $5; C. 
E. Wells (Waterloo City) $2.55; U. S. 
Blough & Wife (So. Waterloo) $4; Geo. A. 
Lininger (Waterloo City), $3; Mary M. 
Slifer (Grundy Co.) $2; Indv.: Vinton Artz, 
$.50; Eliz. B. Albright, $5, 54 47 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, 100 00 

Kansas— $121.84 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sabetha, $48.60; Wade 
Branch, $20.75; C. A. Shank (M. N.) (Hol- 
land) $.50; S. S.: "Servants of the Master" 
Class, (Holland) $5.20; C. W. S. : Morrill, 
$25, 10005 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Paint Creek, 14 79 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Ida A. Frantz (Con- 
way Springs) $3; M. Keller & Wife (Larned) 

$4, 7 00 

Louisiana — $1.20 

Indv.: W. B. Woodard 120 

Maryland— $174.77 

E. Dist., Cong. : Long Green Valley, $30; 
John D. Roop (Meadow Branch) $3; B. B. 
Brumbaugh (Denton) $1; Annie R. Stoner 
(Pipe Creek) $15; Wm. A. Hochstedler & 
Wife (Bethany) $55; S. S. : Westminster 
(Meadow Branch) $25.27 129 27 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Broadfording (Welsh 
Run) $5; Beaver Creek, $40; John S. Bowlus 

(M. N.) (Pleasant View) $.50, 45 50 

M ichigan— $124.94 

Cong.: Harlan, $15.25; Woodland, $102.69; 
Jos. S. Robinson (Vestaburg) $1; S. S.: 
Vestaburg, $6, 124 94 

Minnesota — $19.50 

Cong. & S. S. : Winona, $18; D. F. Landis 
(Lewiston) $1.50 19 50 

Missouri— $133.58 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Carl Breshore (Happy 
Hill) $3; Indv.: Mrs. B. S. Kindig. $5; Nancy 
J. Harris, $10, 18 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chas. Mason (Pleasant 
View) $10; Mrs. L. Cummins (Kidder) $10; 
S. S.: Rockingham, $47.58, 67 58 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, $27; E. 
R. Fisher & Wife (Broadwater) $15 42 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: A. Killingsworth (Oak 
Grove) $1; Mrs. W. P. Jacobs (Carthage) 

$5 6 00 

Montana— $7.52 

E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. Dees (Poplar Val- 
lev) $2; Indv.: Mae Shoemaker, $.52; Wm. 
Gilead, $5, 7 52 

Nebraska— $128.16 

Cong.: Haxtun, $19.16; Alvo, $3.50; A 
Brother (Octavia) $5; David Neher (Beat- 
rice) $100; Eld. J. R. Smith (M. N.) (Lin- 
coln) $.50, ....... 12816, 


The Missionary Visitor 


New York— $3.75 

Indv. : Mrs. Lloyd Waybright, 3 75 

Ohio— $435.01 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton City, $35.92; 
Wm. Doner (Baltic) $5; Ernest Rowe 
(Woodworth) $10; Mrs. Sadie Moherman 
(Ashland City) $1; Mary Ann Shroyer (Tus- 
carawas) $3; Mary E. Swallen (Freeburg) 
$10; Sarah A. Dupler (Jonathan Creek) 
$15.38; Louisa Burkhart (Tuscarawas) $2; S. 
S.: Beech Grove, $5; Indv.: A Sister of 
Zanesville, $5, 92 30 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Ridge, $13.36; 
Silver Creek, $78.75; Lick Creek, $6.; Pleas- 
ant View, $100; Indv.: E. Y. Garling, $2, 200 11 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $100; Sarah 
E. Johnston (Brookville) $1; Levi Stoner 
(Rush Creek) $7.50; John H. Rinehart 
(Union) $1.20; Susie M. Blocher (Poplar 
Grove) $10; Jesse K. Brumbaugh (W. Mil- 
ton) $1.20; S. S.: Harris Creek, $20; Indv.: 
Hugh Miller (M. N.) $.50; W. H. Folkerth, 

$1.20, 142 60 

Oklahoma— $3.20 

Cong.: Mrs. J. E. Franks (Oklahoma City) 

$2; Indv.: Wm. P. Bosserman, $1.20, 3 20 

Oregon— $17.19 

Cong.: Portland, $2.60; Myrtle Point, 
$13.09; S. S.: A Class of Portland, $1.50_ ... 17 19 

Pennsylvania— $1,612.55 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fredericksburg, $30.75; 
Spring Grove, $8; Annville, $60; Springfield, 
$11; Harrisburg, $15.43; Shamokin, $7; 
Lethe A. Liskey (Lebanon) $1.20; Samuel 
H. Hertzler (Elizabethtown) $5; Henry R. 
Gibbel (Lititz) $1.20; Nathan Martin (M. N.) 
(Lebanon) $.50; Samuel F. Gottshall (Mingo) 
$100; S. S.: Sister Ella Carper's Class (Pal- 
myra) $10; Mingo, $24; E. Fairview, $50; C. 
W. S.: Palmyra, $18.92; Aid Soc. : Mingo, 
$15; Indv.: S. S. Lint, $3; Jos. Fitzwater, 
$3, 364 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Juniata Park, $18.22; 
Lewistown, $159.61; Spring Run, $348.03; 
Maggie Coble (James Creek) $2; T. T. Myers 
(Huntingdon) $1.50; John Snowberger (New 
Enterprise) $3; Galen B. Royer (Hunting- 
don) $1.40; Jas. C. Wineland (Clover Creek) 
$1; Mrs. Samuel R. Snyder (New Enterprise) 
$3; O. Perry Hoover (Huntingdon) $6; D. 
G. Snyder (Clover Creek) $2; C. B. Teeter 
(New Enterprise) $2; S. S. : Lewistown, 
$36.15, 583 91 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $246.06; Beth- 
any, $35.23; Germantown, $28.43; Norristown, 

$19.83 ; S. S. : Norristown, $16.07, 345 62 

• So. Dist., Cong.: Upton (Back Creek) 
$35; Carlisle, $25; Upper Conewago, $5; Chas. 
C. Brown (Upper Conewago) $10; Samuel 
C. Johnson (Lower Cumberland) $35; Daniel 
E. Brown (Marsh Creek) $10; Helen Price 
(Antietam) $2.50; S. S. : Ridge, $10; Indv.: 
J. S. Harley, $8; Susie W. Resser, $1, 141 50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Meyersdale, $34.80; Glade 
Run, $20.40; Union town (Georges Creek) 
$16.30; Walnut Grove (Johnstown) $38.67; 
Mt. Union, $10; Eld. Irvin R. Pletcher (M. 
N.) (Johnstown) $.50; I. G. Miller (Rock- 
wood) $1.20; Sadie Wareham (Pittsburgh) 
$3.65; H. A. Rummel (Quemahoning) $5; H. 
L. Griffith (Meyersdale) $16; Linda Griffith 
(Meyersdale) $10; A Brother & Sister (Man- 
or) $15; Indv.: D. L. Miller, $6, 177 52 

Tennessee— $8.00 

Indv.: D. G. Bashor, $5; Mrs. M. M. 

Fine, $3, 8 00 

Texas— $3.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Mary Hanna, 3 00 

Virginia — $1,000.09 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, $13.12; Manassas, 
$16.98; J. M. Garber (Trevilian) $1.20; Indv.: 
S. A. Sanger (Deceased) $2.40; B. F. A. 
Myers, $.25; Ella L. Myers, $1 34 95 

First Dist., Cong.: Troutville, $175; Beth- 
esda (Cloverdale) $21.60; Cloverdale, $61.11; 
Selma, $11.15; Roanoke City, $30.70; Oak 
Grove (Peters Creek) $10; Antioch, $8; 
Bethel, $8.22; . Copper Hill, $6.21; T. S. 

Moherman (Daleville) $1.80, 333 79 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $67.47; 
Powells Fort, $1.25; Flat Rock, $45.50; Mt. 
Zion, $21.21; Timberville, $81.05; Harrison- 
burg, $100; Rena S. Miller (Harrisonburg) 
$.50; S. C. Miller (Harrisonburg) $1; John H. 
Kline (Linville Creek) $5; D. R. Miller (Har- 
risonburg) $.25; J. N. Smith (Linville Creek) 
$1; Madison Kline (Linville Creek) $.50; E. 
G. Wine, (Cooks Creek) $.25; S. N. Wine 
(Cooks Creek) $.25; D. M. Good (Mill Creek) 
$2.50; S. T. Glick (Cooks Creek) $1; A. B. 
Glick (Dayton) $.50; Frank Stultz (Brocks 
Gap) $8; Indv.: Benj. Cline, $.50, 337 73 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $5.69; 
Mrs. B. F. Miller (Beaver Creek) $20; Sam- 
uel Garber (Bridgewate-r) $3; S. I. Stoner 
(Middle River) $3.70; R. E. L. Strickler 
(Bridgewater) $.25; Bettie E. Caricofe (Day- 
ton) $.50; Mattie V. Caricofe (Dayton) $.50; 
S. L. Huffman (Elk Run) $2.40; Mary S. 
Zimmerman (Bridgewater) $2.50; S. A. 
Garber (Lebanon) $1; M. D. Hess (Bridge- 
water) $.25; J. W. Wright (Elk Run) $1; 
N. A. Evers (Bridgewater) $1; D. S. Thom- 
as, (Bridgewater) $1; Mary R. Evers, 
(Bridgewater) $.25; Lucy E. Evers (Bridge- 
water) $.25; Mrs. P. J. Craun, 
(Lebanon) $.50; John L. Driver (Bridge- 
water) $1; S. Frank Cox (Bridgewater) 
$.50; John S. Flory (Bridgewater) $1.50; 
A. J. Miller (Bridgewater) $1; Indv.: E. D. 
Kendig, $1; D. C. Cline, $1; Bessie V. 
Wampler, $1.10; Barbara A. Wampler, $1.10; 
Fannie A. Wampler, $1.10; Bible Institute of 
Bridgewater College, $16. 17, 69 26 

So. Dist., Cong.: Spray, $10.83; Beaver 
Creek, $8.08; Cedar Bluff (Bethlehem) $28; 
Monte Vista (Bethlehem) $31; Fraternity, 
$15; Snow Creek, $8.10; Bethlehem, $27; 
Antioch, $34.50; Germantown, $17.34; Stone- 
wall, $7.51; Magdalen Naff (Cedar Bluff, 
Bethlehem) $2; Mrs. Pauline Nolley, (Chris- 
tiansburg) $10; W. H. Lintecum & Wife 
(Coulson) $8; Indv.: F. F. Fitzsimons, $15; 

Mrs. P. G. Newman, $2, 224 36 

Washington — $12.65 

Cong.: Tacoma, $2.65; Melissa C. Long- 
henry, (Yakima) $5; J. W. Graybill (E. 

Wenatchee) $5, 12 65 

West Virginia— $72.50 

First Dist., Cong.: W. W. Bane & Wife 
(Beaver Run) $55; Wm. H. Flory & Wife 
(Tearcoat) $5; S. S.: Beaver Run, $12.50, .. 72 50 

Wisconsin— $100.00 

Cong.: J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 100 00 

Total for the month, $5,514 47 

Total previously , reported, 41,634 69 

Total for the year, $47,149 16 

Illinois— $56.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany (Chicago) $25; 
Indv. : Students & Faculty of Bethany Bible 
School, $30; Ruth H. Stech, $1, 56 00 

Total for the month, $ 56 00 

Total previously reported, 2,733 43 

Total for the year, $ 2,789 43 

California— $30.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Pasadena, 30 00 

Illinois— $145.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, $80; Hickory 

Grove, $15; Elgin, $50, 145 00 

Indiana — $353.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 225 50 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Locust Grove (Net- 
tle Creek) $10; Arcadia, $7.50; Buck Creek, 
$15; White, $15; Muncie, $15; Brick (Nettle 
Creek) $32.50; White Branch (Nettle Creek) 

$32.50, , 127 50 

Maryland— $340.00 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, . ." 300 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: So. Brownsville, $10; 

W. Brownsville, $30 (Brownsville), 40 00 

Minnesota— $15.00 

Aid Soc: Minneapolis 15 00 

Missouri— $25.00 

Aid Soc: Rockingham 25 00 

Nebr. & N. E. Colo.— $109.00 

Aid Societies, 109 00 

Ohio— $125.00 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, 125 00 

Oregon— $8.00 

Aid Soc: Myrtle Point, $3; Ashland, $5, 8 00 

Pennsylvania— $115.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Green Tree, $50; 
Norristown, $25; Upper Dublin, $15; Har- 
monyville, $10; Brooklyn, $10; Royersford, 

$5 115 00 

Virginia— $197.25 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 87 25 

No. Dist. Aid Societies, $105; Mt. Zion 
(Greenmount) $5, 110 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,462 25 

Total previously reported, 2,072 23 

Total for the year, $ 3,534 48 


& Wife 

Indiana— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: D. D. Peters 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 552 68 

Total for the year, $ 557 68 

Kansas— $21.94 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept. (Mor- 
rill), 21 94 

Ohio— $56.08 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Primary & Junior 
Classes, Maple Grove, 45 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Hickory Grove (Silver 

Creek), 1108 

Virginia— $20.00 

E. Dist., Dedication Service of Greene Co. 
School, 20 00 

Total for the month ;...$ 98 02 

Total previously reported, 786 71 

Total for the year $ 884 73 

California— $140.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: 1st Los Angeles, 

Iowa— $11.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : " Upstreamers " Class, 

Ivester, (Grundy Co.), 

Kansas— $77.77 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $16.27; 
Unknown donor of W. Wichita, $61.50, ... 
Oklahoma— $6.64 

Cong.: Washita, 

Oregon— $46.98 

Cong.: Myrtle Point, 

Pennsylvania— $68.06 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $11; Parker 

Ford, $57.06 

Virginia— $40.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, 

Washington— $.75 

Cong.: J. S. Secrist (Olympia), 

140 00 

11 00 

6 64 

46 98 

68 06 

40 00 


Total for the month, $ 39120 

Total previously reported, 467 76 

Total for the year, $ 858 96 


Illinois— $22.46 

So. Dist., Cong.: Evelyn M. Bowers (Big 
Creek), $12; S. S. : Woodland D. V. S., $10.46, 

Kansas— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Cradle Roll Dept. (Mr 
rill) (For Baby Home), 

Michigan— $16.95 

Cong.: Sunfield, $9.50; Woodland Village, 


Minnesota — $15.00 

Indv.: Belle Miller 

Missouri— $3.97 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Ever Ready" Class, 

Prairie View, 

Pennsylvania— $75.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $16.70; S. 

S.: Royersford, $58.30, 

Virginia— $17.30 

First Dist., Cong.: Bluefield, 

5 00 

16 95 
15 00 

3 97 

75 00 

17 30 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

155 68 
922 95 

Correction No. 10, 
Total for the year, 

1,078 63 
500 00 

.$ 1,578 63 

California— $20.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Gleaners" Class, First 

Los Angeles, 

Florida— $20.00 

Indv.: J. E. Young, ..." 

Indiana— $20.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Guardian" Class, No. 

Winona Lake, 

Maryland— $160.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Edwerd C. Bixler & Wife 
(Pipe Creek) $40: S. S. : Chapel Class, Blue 
Ridge College (Pipe Creek) $40; Meadow 

Branch, $80, 

Michigan— $20.00 

C. W. S.: Woodland 

Pennsylvania— $40.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Huntsdale (Upper Cumber- 

South Dakota— $12.50 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 

20 00 
20 00 

20 00 

160 00 
20 00 

40 00 
12 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

292 50 
1,580 54 

Total for the year, $ 1,873 04 

Indiana— $40.05 

So. Dist., S. S. : Fairview, $35; Arcadia, 


Iowa — $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, 

Kansas— $40.75 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: E. Wichita, $10; 
Bloom, $25; Primary & Junior Dept., Salem, 

Minnesota— $25.00 

C. W. S.: Lewiston, , 

Ohio— $10.00 

Aid Soc: New Carlisle, 

Oregon— $.20 

Cong.: Portland, 

Pennsylvania— $323.65 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lititz, $70; C. W. S. : 
Indian Creek, $50, 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Smithfield, $1.80; Young 
Men's Bible Class, First Altoona, $17.50; 
Aid Soc: Koontz, $35.35; Spring Run, $10, .. 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Parkerford, 

W. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister 
(Manor) $35; S. S.: O. A. B. Class, Purchase 
Line (Manor) $19; Pike Run (Middlecreek) 
$20; Aid Soc: Meyersdale, $30, 

Virginia— $35.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Class No. 6, Mill Creek, . 

40 05 
5 00 


25 00 

10 00 


120 00 

64 65 

35 00 

104 00 
35 00 

22 46 

Total for the month, $ 479 65 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 1,918 33 

Total for the year, $2,397 98 


California— $50.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, Live 

Oak, $25; Empire, $25, 50 00 

Illinois— $125.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Lanark, $100; Ladies Div. 
of Mustard Seed Class, Milledgeville, $25, .. 125 00 
Indiana— $225.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Andrews, $25; S. S.: 
" Willing Workers " Class, Loon Creek, $25; 
"Excelsior" Class, Huntington, $50,- 100 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Henry E. Foust & Wife 
(Plymouth) $50; S. S. : Primary Dept., (Wal- 
nut) $25; Anchor Class, No. Winona Lake, 

$50, 125 00 

Iowa— $12 50 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: So. Keokuk, 12 50 

Kansas— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., " Onward Circle " Class, 

Sabetha 50 00 

Michigan— $12.50 

Cong.: Dr. and Mrs. C. M. Mote (Beaver- 
ton), 12 50 

Nebraska— $34.19 

S. S.: Beatrice, $25; C. W. S.^ Alvo, $9.19, 34 19 
No. Dakota— $5.00 

Cong.: Jos. D. Reish & Wife (Berthold), 5 00 

Ohio— $121.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Claude G. Vore & 
Wife (Lima), $25; S. S. : Primary Classes, 
Pleasant View, $12.50; Indv. : Jonas & 
Gertrude Groff , $75, ,, 112 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Sisters' Bible Class, 
Beech Grove, 9 00 

Oregon— $25.00 

Aid Soc. : Portland, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $556.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, $25; Hatfield, 
$25, 50 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Delia A. Bechtel (Hunt- 
ingdon) $50; S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Snakespring, $25, 75 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lower Cumberland, $150; 
S. S.: "Sunbeam" Class, Ridge, $6.25, ... 156 25 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, $25; S. S. : 
" Grater Missionary Class," Norristown, 
$25, 50 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: S. L. Fyock & Wife 
(Manor) $50; Mrs. Annie E. Koontz (Que- 
mahoning) $50; S. S. : "Friendly Bible 
Class " Brothersvalley, $25; Loyal Men's Or- 
ganized Class, Rummel, $100, 225 00 

Virginia— $56.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Mill Creek, $6.25; C. W. S. : Linville 
Creek, $50, 56 25 

Washington— $50.00 

S. S. : "Soul Saver's" Class, Outlook, 
$25; Young People's Dept., Seattle, $25, ... 50 00 

Wisconsin— $12.50 

Cong.: Owen L. Harley (White Rapids), 12 50 

Total for the month, - $ 1,335 69 

Total previously reported, 4,794 92 

Total for the year $ 6,130 61 


Ohio— $210.62 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Silver Creek, 40 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middle Dist., $25.80; 
Salem, $31.55; Eversole, $17.47; Lower Still- 
water, $46; Bear Creek, $15.01; W. Milton, 
$34.79, '. 170 62 

Total for the month, $ 210 62 

Total previously reported, 194 36 

Total for the year, ;...$ 404 98 

Oregon— $8.71 

S. S.: Portland, 8 71 

Total for the month, $ 8 71 

Total previously reported, 73 61 

Total for the year, $ 82 32 

Florida— $3.00 

Indv. : No. 61794, 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Total previously reported, 56 04 

Total for the year, $ 59 04 

Michigan— $.30 

Cong.: Woodland, 30 

Nebraska— $12.60 

S. S.: Primary & Junior Depts., Bethel (for 
support of Flory children), 12 60 

Pennsylvania— $82.90 

E. Dist., S. S.: W. F. Garber's Class, 

Palmyra, 13 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $10; S. S.: 

Royersford, $59.45, 69 40 


Total for the month, $ 95 80 

Total previously reported, 2,013 54 

$ 2,109 34 
Correction No. % 37 50 

Total for the year, $ 2,07184 


California— $20.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Ned Stoner (Inglewood), 20 00 
Iowa— $80.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Loyal Workers" Class, 
Ivester (Grundy Co.), 80 00 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Appanoose, 30 00 

Missouri— $26.95 
No. Dist., S. S. : Wakenda, 26 95 

Total for the month, $ 156 95 

Total previously reported, 446 59^ 

Total for the year, $ 603 54 

Illinois— $22.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Harvey Mote (Chi- 
cago), 22 00 

Indiana— $10.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : " Willing Workers " 

Class, Cedar Lake, 10 00 

Ohio— $2.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers Mis- 
sion Study Class," Pitsburg, 2 50 

Virginia— $15.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Daleville, 15 00 

Total for the month $ 49 50 

Total previously reported, 1,044 13 

Total for the year, $ 1,093 63 


California— $5.38 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach, 5 38 

Indiana— $11.60 . 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S.: Markle, 1160 

Ohio— $2.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Mis- 
sion Study Class, Pitsburg, 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 19 48 

Total previously reported, 484 16 

Total for the year, $ 503 64 


The Missionary Visitor 


Arizona— $6.27 

S. S. : "Workers & Standard Bearers for 

Jesus" Class, Glendale, 6 27 

Illinois— $13.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Cora Clingingsmith, 13 00 

Indiana— $18.75 

No. Dist., S. S.: " Elite" Class, Nappanee, 18 75 

Iowa— $93.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : Ira E. Long (Andrews) 
$50; S. S.: "Gleaners" Class, Dallas Center, 
$37.50, 87 50 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Greene, .. 6 25 

Kansas— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Onward Circle" 

Class, Sabetha, ■ 50 00 

Maryland— $50.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc. : Westminster (Meadow 

Branch), 50 00 

Missouri— $3.12 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Dry Fork, 3 12 

North Dakota— $6.25 

S. S. : " Banner " Class, Surrey, 6 25 

Pennsylvania — $68.75 

E. Dist., S. S.: "The Gleaners" Bible 
Class, Lancaster 50 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Always There" Class, 

Antietam, '. . . 18 75 

Virginia— $37.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Mothers' Class," Oak- 
ton (Fairfax), 37 50 

Washington— $12.50 

S. S.: Junior & Primary Depts., Seattle, . 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 359 89 

Total previously reported, 1,840 88 

Total for the year, $ 2,200 77 

Kansas— $15.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Monitor, 15 00 

Minnesota— $25.00 

Cong.: Frank Broadwater & Wife (Root 
River), 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 40 00 

Total previously reported, 9174 

Total for the year, $ 13174 

Florida— $2.00 

Indv.: Sara Bigler, 2 00 

Pennsylvania — $157.65 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, 
Palmyra, $40; Indv.: Bessie M. Rider (re- 
ceipts from lectures), $92 65, 132 65 

W. Dist., S. S. : Hooversville (Quemahon- 
ing), 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 159 65 

Total previously reported, 176 70 

Total for the year, $ 336 35 

Washington— $2.40 

Cong.: Reuben Breshears (Omak), 2 40 

Total for the month $ 2 40 

Total previously reported, 3 89 

Total for the year, $ 6 29 

Arkansas— $1.50 

S. S. : Bodcaw Union, 150 

California— $221.46 

No. Dist., Cong.: McFarland, $15.86; S. S. : 
Primary Dept., McFarland, $3.50; Golden 
Gate, $61.57; Lindsay, $47.81, 128 74 

So. Dist., Cong.: First Los Angeles, $70.35; 
Inglewood, $11.73; S. S. : Glendora, $10.64, .. 92 72 

Colorado— $72.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Colorado Springs, ... 6 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 66 00 

Florida— $15.00 

Indv.: J. V. Felthouse & Wife, $10; J. E. 

Young, $5, 15 00 

Idaho— $21.83 

Cong.: Nezperce, $9.58; S. S.: Clearwater, 

$12.25, 21 8J 

Illinois— $489.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Grove, $173.33; 
Milledgeville, $97.51; Naperville, $28; S. S. : 
Louisa (Waddams Grove) $27.05; Cherry 
Grove, $10.14; Shannon, $45; Dixon, $20; Hast- 
ings St. (Chicago) $20.36, 421 39 

So. Dist., Cong.: Kaskaskia, $10; D. T. 
Wagner (Kaskaskia) $1; S. S.: Macoupin 
Creek, $20; Allison Prairie, $7.11; " Priscilla " 
Bible Class, $2.50; " Stand True & Ready" 

Class, Woodland, $27 67 61 

Indiana— $668.12 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, $19.07; So. 
Whitley, $10.68; Cart Creek, $12.75; S. S. : 
Hickory Grove, $15; Spring Creek, $18.78; 
Santa Fe, $34.15 110 43 

No. Dist., Cong.: First So. Bend, $39.84; 
New Paris, $50; Oak Grove, $10.36; Ft. 
Wayne, $14.25; Goshen, $145; English Prairie, 
$33.50; Middlebury, $25; Maple. Grove, $9.40; 
Pleasant Chapel, $24.14; Mrs. Sarah Wolf 
(Yellow River) $2.50; No. 62376- (Union 
Center) $25, 378 99 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $15; Buck 
Creek, $22.08; Anderson, $54.52; Nettle Creek, 
$36.81; S. S. : Union Grove (Mississinewa) 
$30.25; White Branch (Nettle Creek) $2.54; 
Brick (Nettle Creek) $1.50; Four Mile, $8; 
Howard, $5.50; Aid Soc: White Branch (Net- 
tle Creek) $2.50, 178 70 

Iowa — $236.55 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Rhodes (Dal- 
las Center) $10; Panther Creek, $107.44; 
Des Moines Valley, $16.70; S. S. : Panther 
Creek, $28.67, 162 81 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Co., $15; Rebec- 
ca Heagley (Sheldon) $10; A. M. Sharp & 
Wife (Spring Creek) $5, 30 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, 43 74 

Kansas— $69.90 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Wade Branch, $13.30; 
Aid Soc: Richland Center, $25; C. W. S.: 
Kansas City, $7.77, 46 07 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Fredonia, $9.26; Indv.: 
Fannie Stevens, $2.50, 1176 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Newton, $9.07; Kate 

Yost (Peabody) $3, 12 07 

Maryland— $183.30 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $7.50; Mrs. 
Duvall (Bush Creek) $10; Mrs. Cora L. 
Black (Pipe Creek) $1.50; S. S. : Detour 
(Monocacy) $5; " Willing Workers " Class, 
Westminster (Meadow Branch) $35.05, 59 05 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $100; S. 

S. : Manor, $24.25, 124 25 

Michigan— $54.93 

Cong.: Woodland, $32.43; Detroit, $2.50; 
S. S.: "Bound to Win" Class, Sunfield, 

$20, 54 93 

Minnesota— $52.59 

Cong.: Minneapolis, $38.12; S. S. : Minne- 
apolis, $2.47; Aid Soc: Minneapolis, $10; 

Indv.: A. C. Willard & Wife, $2, 52 59 

Missouri— $104.69 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, $20.83; 
Happy Hill & S. S., $15; S. S.: Mineral 
Creek, $10; Aid Soc: Mineral Creek, $5, .. 51 33 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. St. Joseph, $11.50; 
Rockingham, $28.70, 40 20 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, 13 16 

Montana — $2.50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Jas. Harp & Family 

(Kalispell) 2 50 

New Mexico— $25.66 

S. S.: Clovis, 25 66 

North Dakota— $10.00 

Cong.: W. W. & Emily J. Keltner (Wil- 

liston), 10 00 

Ohio— $590.56 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Black River, $23.35; 
Wooster, $36.50; E. Chippewa, $20; Matilda 


The Missionary Visitor 


Groff (Canton Center) $10; D. H. Bowman 
& Wife (Black River) $10; Elizabeth Toms 
(Owl Creek) $10; S. S. : Springfield, $33.70; 
Missionary Bible Class, Black River, $10; 
Maple Grove, $41.33; Aid Soc. : Owl Creek, 
$25; Black River, $10; Indv.: Unknown donor 
of Alliance, $5; J. D. Miller & Wife, $1, .. 235 88 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $102.20; 
M. N. Snider (Lima) $30; S. S. : Pleasant 
View, $73.35, 205 55 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ludlow (Pitsburg) $10; 
Salem, $13.56; Lower Miami, $6.09; Pleas- 
ant Hill, $22; Greenville, $45; Harris Creek, 
$28.43; S. S.: Middle District, $6.55; Bear 

Creek, $12.50; Indv.: Elsie Petry, $5, 149 13 

Oklahoma— $52.10 

Cong.: Big Creek, $9.60; Thomas, '$20; L. 
M. Dodd & Wife (Guthrie) $5; S. S.: Bart- 
lesville, $7.50; Indv.: Isaac Williams, $10, .. 52 10 

Oregon— $100.53 

Cong.: Newberg, $15; Portland, $51.50; S. 

S. : Portland, $34.03, 100 53 

Pennsylvania— $4,036.32 

E. Dist., Cong.: Little Swatara, $89.32; 
Maiden Creek, $300; Harrisburg, $104; W. 
Green Tree, $76; Chiques, $215.31; Myers- 
town, $25; Conestoga, $85.10; Richland, $10; 
Shamokin, $8.50; Akron, $57.66; Walter W. 
Hartman (Annville) $5; Harper Snavely 
(Spring Creek) $5; A Sister (Elizabethtown) 
$5; No. 62104 (Hatfield) $5; S. S. : E. Peters- 
burg, $14.37; " Truth Seekers " Class, 
Chiques, $10; Salunga (E. Petersburg) $18.34; 
Midway, $30; Elizabethtown, $104.08; Bare- 
ville (Conestoga) $11.48; Richland, $18.82; 
Springville, $65; Spring Creek, $170.85; 
Ephrata, $5; Rankstown (Fredericksburg) 
$14.88; Hatfield, $50; Akron, $12.50; "Glean- 
ers " Class, Akron, $15; Lititz, $50; E. Fair- 
view, $25; Paxton (Big Swatara) $30; Pri- 
mary Dept., Spring Creek, $15; Aid Soc: 
Akron, $2.50; C. W. S. : Lebanon, $50; Akron, 
$12.50, 1,716 21 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Koontz, $53; Riddles- 
burg, $4.50; Upper Claar, $10; Curryville 
(Woodbury) $78; Williamsburg, $71.78; 
Queen, $5; Woodbury, $50.62; Sarah Rep- 
logle, Roaring Spring) $5; F. B. Gartland & 
Wife (Roaring Spring) $2.50; S. S. : Spring 
Run, $37.32; Dry Valley, $5.88; Huntingdon, 
$365.59; Aid Soc: Clover Creek, $18; Koontz, 
$12.40; Y. P. Dept., Spring Run, $5, 725 09 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hanover, $23.54; York, 
$228.88; Upper Cumberland, $40.86; Upper 
Conewago, $173.26; Chestnut Grove (Upper 
Codorus) $10.50; Codorus, $73.31; Waynes- 
boro, $93.75; Alice Leister (Lost Creek) $3; 
S. S.: Hanover, $21.76; York, $60.60; "Plus 
Ultra " Class, Farmers Grove (Perry) $30; 
Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) $20.16; 
Newville (Upper Cumberland) $25; Waynes- 
boro, $163.20; Aid Soc: Newville (Upper 
Cumberland) $15; York, $50, 1,032 82 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Geiger Mem. (Phila- 
delphia) $10; Harmonyville, $50; Parker 
Ford, $60, 120 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove (Johns- 
town) $13; Plum Creek, $21.33; Elk Lick, 
$50; Maple Spring (Quemahoning) $43.52; 
Connellsville, $13.75; Mt. Union, $5; W. D. 
Rummel (Quemahoning) $10; M. W. Reed & 
Wife (Mt. Union) $10; Mrs. John L. Daily 
(Walnut Grove) $100; S. S. : Greensburg, 
$95; Rayman (Brothers Valley) $29.60; Aid 

Soc: Markleysburg, $5, 376 20 

Tennessee— $2.00 

Cong.: S. H. Beckner (White Horn), .... 2 00 

Texas— $16.00 

S. S. : Manvel, 16 00 

Virginia— $179.04 

E. Dist., S. S. : Midland, 20 27 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. L. N. Moomaw 
(Roanoke City) $25; S. S. : Pleasant View 
(Chestnut Grove) $37.97; Trinity (Troutville), 

$10, 72 97 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $33.80; 
S. S.: Salem, $25; Aid Soc: Linville Creek, 

$12.50, 7130 

So. Dist., Cong.: Schoolfield, $12; Sarah 

J. Hylton (Coulson) $2.50, 14 50 

Washington— $99.14 

Cong.: Forest Center, $8.30; Olympia, $22; 
S. Bock (No. Spokane) $10; S. S.: Sunny- 
side, $13.61; Aid Soc: Wenatchee Valley, 

$45.23, 99 14 

West Virginia— $25.91 

First Dist., Cong.: Eglon, $20.41; Wm. H. 
Flory & Wife (Tearcoat) $5, • 25 41 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, 50 

Total for the month, $ 7,264 63 

Total previously reported, 6,608 73 

Total for the year, $13,873 36 

Canada— $10.66 

Cong. : Bow Valley, 10 66 

Illinois— $56.08 

No. Dist., S. S.: Lanark, 56 08 

Indiana — $17.54 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Liberty, $10; Topeka, 
$2.54, 12 54 

So. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Pleasant, 5 00 

Maryland — $1.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Cora L. Black (Pipe 

Creek), 1 50 

Missouri — $4^50 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Prairie View, 4 50 

Montana— $10.00 

W. Dist., Indv.: No. 62655 10 00 

Ohio— $55.63 

So. Dist., Cong.: Brookville, $50; S. S.: 

Union City (country house) $5.63, 55 63 

Oregon — $4.00 

Cong. : A. B. & Lizzie Q. Coover (Grants 

Pass, Williams), 4 00 

Pennsylvania — $85.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Arthur Myers (Cham- 
bersburg) $5; S. S. : Codorus, $60, 65 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. S. F. Rieman 
(Brothersvalley) $10; G. S. Rieman & Wife 

(Brothersvalley) $10, 20 00 

Virginia— $29.31 

First Dist., Cong.: Troutville, 29 31 

Washington— $24.16 

Cong.: Centralia, $11; Wenatchee City, 
$13.16, 24 16 

Total for the month, $ 298 38 

Total previously reported, 967 73 

Total for the year, $ 1,266 11 

California— $58.88 

No. Dist., Cong.: McFarland, 15 86 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, 43 02 

Canada— $10.66 

Cong.: Bow Valley, 10 66 

Illinois— $148.74 

No. Dist., Cong.: Naperville, $10.10; S. 
S.: Louisa (Waddams Grove) $27.05; Cherry 
Grove, $10.14; Aid Soc: Milledgeville, $10, .. 57 29 

So. Dist., Cong.: Kaskaskia, $6.45; Astoria, 
$48.27; Wm. S. Gibble (Astoria) $5; S. S. : 
Cerro Gordo, $13.23; " Priscilla " Bible Class, 
Virden, $2.50; So. Fulton (Astoria) $15.95, .. 91 45 
Indiana— $167.23 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Peru, $31.30; No. 62601 
(Manchester) $30; S. S. : "Bethany" Class, 
Peru, $10; Aid Soc: Flora, $5, 76 30 

No. Dist., Cong.: Solomons Creek, $9.73; 
Berrien, $2.85; Mrs. Sarah Wolf, (Yellow 
River) $2.50 15 08 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $15; Nettle 
Creek, $36.81; Mattie Mathews (Middletown) • 
$2; R. M. Arndt (White) $2; S. S. : White 
Branch (Nettle Creek) $2.54; Brick (Nettle 
Creek) $1.50; Four Mile, $8; Howard, $5.50; 
Aid Soc: White Branch (Nettle Creek) 

$2.50 75 85 

Iowa— $55.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Rhodes (Dal- 
las Center) $10; Aid Soc: Brooklyn, $10; 
Panora Branch of the Sisters' Mission Circle 


The Missionary Visitor 


(Coon River) $10, 30 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rebecca Heagley (Shel- 
don), 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, 15 50 

Kansas— $37.41 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Richland Center, $11.87; 
S. S. : Olathe, $11 22 87 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Prairie View, 14 54 

Maryland— $5.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Detour (Monocacy) 5 00 

Michigan— $29.50 

Cong.: Onekama, $17; Detroit, $2.50; Aid 

Soc: Durand Mission (Elsie) $10, 29 50 

Minnesota— $10.00 

Cong.: A. L. Montz & Wife (Morrill) 10 00 

Missouri— $15.96 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Prairie View, $4.50; 

Indv.: Mary M. Cox, $1, 5 50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bethany (Pleasant View), 10 46 

Ohio— $227.63 

N. E. Dist., Hartville, $60.50; C. W. S. : 
Hartville Junior, $2; Indv.: J. D. Miller & 
Wife, $1 63 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $22; Lower 
Miami, $6.10; Salem, $13.57; Ludlow (Pits- 
burg) $10; New Carlisle, $43.03; O. E. Youn- 
ker & Wife (Sidnev) $10; S. S. : Bear Creek, 
$12.50; Potsdam (Salem & Pitsburg) $16.93; 
Aid Soc: Middle Dist., $5; Bradford, $10; 

Greenville, $15, 164 13 

Pennsylvania— $376.19 

"E. Dist., Cong.: Akron, $57.66; E. Fair- 
view, $37.46; S. S. : E. Fairview, $25; Akron, 
$12.50; Aid Soc: Akron, $2.50; Mingo, $25; 
C. W. S.: Akron, $12.50, 172 62 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $6; F. B. 
Gartland & Wife (Roaring Spring) $2.50; 
Aid Soc: Lewistown, $5, 13 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Chestnut Grove (Upper 
Codorus) $10.50; S. S. Shewsbury & New 
Freedom (Codorus) $29.57; Aid Soc: York, 90 07 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Royersford, 100 00 

Texas— $5.00 

Aid Soc. : Ft. Worth, 5 00 

Virginia— $126.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Carl F. Miller (Midland) 
$4; S. S. : King's Cross Roads Union (Nokes- 
ville) $5; Two Indv. of King's Roads Union 
(Nokesville) $3 12 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel (So. Fork) 
$30; S. S. : Mt. Carmel (So. Fork) $10; " Sun- 
shine " Class, Fairview (Unity) $4.50; Aid 
Soc: Linville Creek, $12.50, 57 00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc. : Oak Grove (Lebanon) 
$20; Pleasant Valley, $10 30 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah J. Hylton (Coul- 
son) $2.50; Aid Soc: Topeco, $5; Brick 

(Germantown) $20 27 50 

Washington— $39.37 

Cong.: Seattle, $23.85; S. S. : Richland Val- 
ley, $10.50; Tacoma, $5.02, 39 37 

West Virginia— $6.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Shickel (Han- 
over) $.50; Indv.: J. L. Bohrer & Wife, $2.50; 
W. H. Royce & Wife, $1; W. S. Royce, $1; 
E. J. Royce, $.50, 5 50 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, 50 

Wisconsin— $8.40 

Cong.: Rice Lake, $5; Aid Soc: Rice Lake, 
$3.40, 8 40 

Total for the month, $ 1,327 97 

Total previously reported, 1,15173 

Total for the year, $ 2,479 70 

California— $158.79 

No. Dist., Cong.: Live Oak, $23.67; S. 

S.: Laton, $135.12 158 79 

Colorado— $6.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Haxtun, 6 00 

Illinois— $148.24 

No. Dist., S. S. : Yellow Creek, $50; Indv.: 
Unknown donor, $5, 55 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Girard, $66.24; Aid Soc: 
Girard, $25; Indv.: E. S. Brothers, $2 93 24 

Indiana — $376.67 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek, $6.84; W. 
Manchester, $25.45; S. S. : Wabash City, 
$7.27; Guernsey (Monticello) $6; Salamonie, 
$51.20, 96 76 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pine Creek, $106.44; 
Wakarusa. $23.10; Walnut, $34; Bethel, $10.25; 
Osceola, $5; S. S. : Nappanee, $53; Camp 
Creek, $9.34; First So. Bend, $20.35 261 48 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $8.43; C. W. 

S. : Fairview, $10, 18 43 

Iowa— $74.54 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greene, $20.50; S. S. : 
Sheldon, $6.10, 26 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Osceola, $5; Fairview, 

$20.37; S. S. : Salem, $22.57 47 94 

Kansas— $85.94 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Jno. Beckner & Wife 
(Overbrook) $25; S. S. : Chapman Creek, 
$7.79, 32 79 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: No. Solomon, $30.15; 
Rock Creek, $3, 33 15 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: W. Wichita, $5.55; E. 
Wichita, $11.45; Unknown Sister (McPher- 

son) $3, 20 00 

Michigan— $18.00 

Cong.: Elmdale, $7.50; S. S. : Battle Creek, 

$10.50 18 00 

Minnesota— $34.00 

Cong.: Lewiston, $16; Winona & S. S., $6; 
S. S.: Lewiston, $10; "Busy Bee" Class, 

Lewiston, $2, 34 00 

Missouri— $26.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, 24 50 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Louisa Shaw, (Green- 
wood, Cabool), :... 2 00 

Nebraska— $6.39 

Cong.: Falls City, 6 39 

North Carolina— $3.30 

Cong.: H. C. Early Masters (Brummetts 

Creek) 3 30 

North Dakota— $13.08 

S. S. : Carrington, $; Minot, $4.08, 13 08 

Ohio— $164.86 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: E. Chippewa, $27; 
Richland, $13.86 40 86 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: So. Poplar Ridge (Pop- 
lar Ridge) $10; Sugar Ridge, $10; John C. 
Helser & Wife (County Line) $18; No. 62238 
(Lick Creek) $10; L. G. Younkman & Wife 
(Lima) $5; S. S. : Swan Creek, $11; Sand 
Ridge, $10.50; No. Poplar Ridge (Poplar 
Ridge) $14, 88 50 

So. Dist., S. S. : Castine (Prices Creek) 

$25.50; Beech Grove, $10, 35 50 

Oregon— $42.50 

Cong.: Grants Pass (Williams), 42 50 

Pennsylvania — $52137 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Artemas, $20; S. S. : 
Holsinger (Dunnings Creek) $5; Bethel (Yel- 
low Creek) $6.50; Juniata Park, $12; Mrs. 
Anna Cox (Warriors Mark) $1, 44 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Chambersburg, $10; E. 
Berlin (Upper Conewago) $40; Melrose (Up- 
per Codorus) $15; Indv.: A Sister of Dills- 
burg, $3 68 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $10; Rox- 
bury, $114.80; Meyersdale, $63; Garrett (Ber- 
lin) $3.80; Mrs. C. B. Spicher (Rockton) 
$5; S. S.: Scalp Level, $173.17; Mt. Joy 
(Jacobs Creek) $20.53; Hooversville (Quema- 

honing) $17.57; Ten Mile, $1, 408 87 

Virginia — $50.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: I. N. Zigler & Family 
(Belmont) $5; S. S. : "Character Builders" 
Class, Belmont, $2.50; Belmont, $2.50, 10 00 

First Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale (Trout- 
ville) 2 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Frank Stultz (Brocks 
Gap) $2; S. S. : Dayton (Cooks Creek) $21.70; 
Upper Lost River, $3.35, 27 05 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Buena Vista, $3.70; S. 

S.: White Hill (Mt. Vernon) $7.75, 1145 

Washington— $12.90 

Cong.: Wenatchee Park, $10.90; Ann C. 
Castle (Stiverson) $2, 12 90 


The Missionary Visitor 


West Virginia— $38.75 

First Dist., Cong.: Bethel (White Pine) 
$10; J. D. Beery (Tearcoat) $15; S. S.: Bean 
Settlement, $6.75; Dry Fork (Red Creek) 
$7, 38 75 

Total for the month, $ 1,782 33 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 1,782 33 

Iowa— $13.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Council Bluffs, 13 00 

Total for the month, .- 13 00 

Total previously reported, 9170 

Total for the year, 104 70 

Arizona— $40.47 

S. S.: Glendale, $25; Phoenix, $15.47, ....$ 40 47 
Arkansas— $6.50 

First Dist., S. S. : Bodcaw Union, $1.50; 

Indv.: J. J. Wassam, $5, 6 50 

California— $337.99 

No. Dist., Cong.: E. T. Boone (Modesto) 
$5; S. S.: Live Oak, $11.39; Primary Dept., 
Live Oak, $27.38; Lindsay, $38; Modesto, 
$16.50; Bethel, $5.61; McFarland, $14.63, .... 118 51 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ned Stoner (Inglewood) 
$10; S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, La Verne, 
$13.25; Pasadena, $87; Tropico S. S. & Cong., 
$10; Hemet, $12.60; San Diego, $20.45; First 
Los Angeles, $56.18; Sage Union (Hemet) 

$10, 219 48 

Colorado— $161 .80 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $25; S. S. : 
Sterling, $58.50, 83 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 50 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: First Grand Valley, $23.30; 

Grand Junction, $5, 28 30 

Florida— $115.87 ^ 

S. S.: Sebring, $99.87; Primary Dept., Se- 
bring, $16 (for chairs in Primary Dept.), .. 115 87 
Georgia— $12.00 

Cong. : Ocmulgee, 12 00 

Idaho— $186.44 

Cong.: A. J. Detrick & Wife (Clearwater) 
$10; S. S. Winchester, $22.63; Primary & 
Adult Dept., Boise Valley, $78.77; Fruit- 
land, $29.39; Twin Falls, $15.50; Nampa, 

$25.15; Aid Soc. : Nampa, $5, 186 44 

Illinois— $794.99 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pine Creek, $18; Naper- 
ville, $28.12; Milledgeville, $54.39; Mrs. A. D. 
Helser (Chicago) $4; A Sister (Dixon) $1; 
Little L. Myers & Wife (Waddams Grove) 
$5; S. S.: W. Branch, $25; Mt. Morris, 
$54; Yellow Creek, $35; Franklin Grove, 
$156.98; Sterling, $57.29; " Class in the Cor- 
ner," Dixon, $15.20; Hastings St. (Chicago) 
$34.49; Rockford, $16.22; Elgin, $2.60; Lanark, 
$38.08, 545 37 

So. Dist., Cong.: Springfield, $7.50; Wm. 
S. Gibble (Astoria) $5; A. B. Gish (Astoria) 
$1; An old widow (Astoria) $.25; S. S. : 
Astoria, $75; " Old Men's " Bible Class, As- 
toria, $4.25; "Women's Bible Class," As- 
toria, $5.25; Cerro Gordo, $28.10; Decatur, 
$22.27; Macoupin Creek, $30; Virden, $56; 
" Stand True & Ready " Class, Woodland, 
$15, 249 62 

Indiana— $979.98 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, $15; Hunt- 
ington City, $26.08; Huntington, $25; S. S. : 
" Friendship " Bible Class, Huntington City, 
$7.55; Plunge Creek Chapel, $17.25; Hickory 
Grove, $30; Pipe Creek, $25; " Young Men's " 
Bible Class, Manchester, $9; Andrews, $22.03; 
W. Manchester, $25; Sugar Creek, $2.10, .... 204 01 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. Winona, $25; No. 
Liberty, $2; Sec. So. Bend, $30; Solomons 
Creek, $6; Wakarusa, $15; Goshen City, 
$60.77; Pleasant Valley, $9; Yellow Creek, 
$14.02; Oak Grove, $17; First So. Bend, $39.35; 
New Paris, $100; Ft. Wayne Cong. & S. S., 

$21.03; John H. Markley (No. Liberty) 
$11.25; F. Reed & Family (Shipshewana) 
$5; Pearl Bontrager (English Prairie) $5; 
Samuel Reppert (English* Prairie) $5; S. S.: 
Cedar Creek, $14.08; Union Center, $21.25; 
Cleveland Union (Elkhart) $14.60; Maple 
Grove, $11.15; Auburn, $7.50; Elkhart City, 
$27.20; Elkhart Valley, $35; Pleasant Hill, 
$11; W. Goshen, $100; Aid Soc: Pleasant 
Valley, $5; C. W. S. : Elkhart City Junior, 
$3.82, 616 02 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pyrmont, $60; Beech 
Grove, $8; Mt. Pleasant, $5; Arcadia, $9.72; 
Buck Creek, $16.18; Indianapolis, $14.27; Lo- 
cust Grove, $16.78; Howard, $5; Ander- 
son, $25, 159 95 

Iowa— $666.74 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: E. L. West (Des Moines 
Valley) $25; S. S. : Cedar Rapids, $60.42; 
Panther Creek, $55; Prairie City, $16; Fern- 
aid, $5; " Gleaners " Class, Dallas Center, 
$13.42; " Men's " Class, Dallas Center, $12.90; 
Indv.: E. O. Slater & Family, $10, 197 74 

No. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $4.40; S. 
S.: Spring Creek, $10.88; Sheldon, $30; 
Waterloo City, $215.71; Ivester (Grundy Co.) 
$96.44, 357 43 

So. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $5.50; Sarah Wil- 
liams (So. Keokuk) $2; S. S.: English 
River, $30; " The Golden Gleaners " Class, 
Fairview, $6; Fairview, $32.50; Franklin, 
$8.45; Salem, $5; Osceola, $12.35; No. English, 
$9.77, 11157 

Kansas— $472.68 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Wade Branch, $8.74; 
Ottawa, $38.96; Ozawkie, $5; McLouth, $10.53; 
Jno. Beckner & Wife (Overbrook) $25; S. 
S.: Olathe, $3.55; E. Maple Grove, $4.43; 
Appanoose, $10; Richland Center, $25; Sa- 
betha, $29.31; W. H. H. Sawyer's Bible 
Class, Morrill, $35.50; " Service " Class, Mc- 
Louth, $3.38; Holland, $9.96; Kansas City, 
$100; C. W. S.: Chapman Creek, $5.41, 314 77 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Belleville, $4.65; S. S. : 
Maple Grove, $23.71, 28 36 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Osage, $6.95; New Hope, 
$24; Parsons, $15; S. S.: "Helping Hand" 
Class, Osage, $10, 55 95 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Bloom, $7; Newton, 
$25; Pleasant View, $6.65; N. F. Brubaker 
(McPherson) $1; Mrs. J. A. Thomas (Pea- 
body) $5; S. S.: Miami, $28.95, 73 60 

Kentucky— $7.00 

Cong.: & S. S. : Constance, $5; Indv.: Mary 
E. Ralston, $2, 7 00 

Maryland— $1,220.29 

E. Dist., Cong.: Rev. J. Kurtz Miller & 
friends (Frederick) $500; S. S. : Frederick, 
$200; Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) $10; Den- 
ton, $31.40; Detour (Monocacy) $10; "Gold- 
en Rule " Class, Sams Creek, $10; San/s 
Creek, $12; " Willing Workers " Class, Beth- 
any, $2.29; Locust Grove, $12.89; Blue Ridge 
College (Pipe Creek) $25; Pipe Creek, $50; 
Beginners & Primary Depts., Fulton Ave., 
Baltimore, $15.92; Fulton Ave., Baltimore, 
$60.44 939 94 

Mid. Dist'.,' CongV:' Brownsville',' $82;' S. S. : 
Hagerstown, $137.25; Mt. Zion (Beaver 
Creek) $6.10, 225 35 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pine Grove, $5; John 
Spoerlein (Bear Creek) $25; S. S. : Maple 
Grove, $25 55 00 

Michigan— $249.01 

Cong.: Woodland, $30.51; Onekama, $8.65; 
Grand Rapids, $22.50; Lake View, $25; S. S.: 
Thornapple, $21.03; Shepherd, $10; Primary 
Dept., Beaverton, $7; Beaverton, $109.32; 
Aid Soc. : Woodland Village, $15 249 01 

Minnesota— $109.30 

Cong.: A. L. Montz & Wife (Morrill) $10; 
Jacob Harshman (Lewiston) $2.90; S. S.: 
Lewiston, $25; Cong. & S. S., Winona, $5; 
" Gallant Workers " Class, Lewiston, $5'; 

Root River, $61.40, 109 30 

Missouri— $290.47 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Prairie View, $4.14; S. 
S.: " Ever Ready " Class, Prairie View, $2.50; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Warrensburg, $27.37; Fristoe Union (Turkey 

Creek) $5.50; Kansas City, $15, 54 51 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockingham, $27.13; S. 
S.: Shelby Co., $25; No. St. Joseph, $5; 
Wakenda, $37.72; Bethany, $10; Walnut 
Grove, (Smith Fork) $36.61; Aid Soc. : Shelby 
Co., $10, 151 46 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Two Sisters (Nevada) 

$82.50; Indv.: Adda E. Amos, $2, 84 50 

Montana— $8.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Milk River Valley, 8 00 

Nebraska— $144.15 

Cong.: Bethel, $64; S. S. : Enders, $36; 
Kearney, $15; Cong. & S. S., Lincoln, $12.50; 
Octavia, $15.65; Indv.: Lizzie V. Miller, $1, 144 15 

New Mexico— $6.94 
S. S.: Clovis, 6 94 

North Carolina— $3.12 

S. S.: Mill Creek 3 12 

North Dakota— $37.15 

Cong.: New Rockford, $14.15; S. S. : Ken- 
mare, $10; Surrey, $8; Brumbaugh, $5, 37 15 

Ohio— $1,514.80 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: E. Chippewa, $45.50; 
Canton City, $104.88; Jonathan Creek, $37.80; 
Gertrude Rennecker (Beech Grove) $10; Em- 
ma Kilmer (Springfield) $2; Elizabeth Toms 
(Owl Creek) $10; Louisa Burkhart (Tuscara- 
was) $2; S. S.: Maple Grove, $41.34; Owl 
Creek, $32.25; Canton Center, $6; Ashland 
City, $51.85; Baltic, $101; W. Nimishillen, 
$56.60; Springfield, $59.01; Zion Hill, $30.55; 
New Philadelphia, $23.41; Aid Soc: Reading, 
$26; Indv.: Rev. A. C. Schue, $5, 645 19 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Rome, $40.05; Fair- 
view, $10; Marion, $.60; Hickory Grove (Sil- 
ver Creek) $26.30; Gladys McDorman (Baker) 
$5; E. H. Rosenberger & Wife (Sugar Ridge) 
$5; John C. Helser & Wife (County Line) 
$18; S. S.: Marion, $17.52; Lima, $35; Bel- 
lefontaine, $6.25; Deshler, $10; Lick Creek, 
$13.45; No. Poplar Ridge (Poplar Ridge) 
$34; " Harvesters " Class, Fostoria, $25; In- 
termediate Boys' Class, Fostoria, $9,^.. 255 17 

So. Dist., Cong.: Eversole, $6; Painter 
Creek, $1; W. Charleston, $40.29; W. Milton, 
$68.03; Lexington, $5; Marble Furnace, $2.17; 
Salem, $5; S. S. : Harris Creek, $15.59; 
Union City, $15.70; Happy Corner (Lower 
Stillwater) $37.50; Ft. McKinley, $15.87; 
Strait Creek, $2.50; Middle Dist., $30; Red 
River & Painter Creek (Painter Creek) 
$101.50; Circleville, $8; Bradford, $5; Trot- 
wood, $48.53; Primary Dept., Lower Miami, 
$7.69; Lower Miami, $10.57; Toms Run 
(Sugar Hill) $16; Bear Creek, $30.75; Moth- 
ers' Class, Loramie, $2; Grater (Upper 
Twin) $20.75; Potsdam (Salem-Pitsburg) $50; 
New Carlisle, $59; Aid Soc: Brookville, $10, 614 44 
Oregon— $59.61 

Cong.: A. B. & Lizzie Q. Coover (Grants 
Pass, Williams) $2; S. S. : Ashland, $31.62; 
Portland, $21.99; C. W. S.: Grants Pass 
Junior (Williams) $4, 59 61 

Pennsylvania— $2,447.19 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. C. Hartman (Palmyra) 
$2; E. E. Ream (Palmyra) $5; S. S.: Class 
No. 13 (Palmyra) $13; Paxton (Big Swatara) 
$25; E. Fairview, $50; Mohrsville (Maiden 
Creek) $90; Chiques, $55.51; Mountville, $50; 
Hanoverdale (Big Swatara) $25.20; Manor 
(Mountville) $10; Shamokin, $2.50; Mt. Hope 
(Chiques) $25; Rheems (W. Green Tree) 
$14; Bareville (Conestoga) $14.05; Earlville 
(Conestoga) $14; Frystown (Little Swatara) 
$15; Me-rkey's (Little Swatara) $26; Ziegler's 
(Little Swatara) $7.57; Big Dam (Schuylkill) 
$15; Quakertown (Springfield) $27; Aid Soc: 
E. Fairview, $25; Big Swatara, $10; Mingo, 
$10; C. W. S.: Lebanon, $55, 585 83 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Spring Run, $79.25; 
Juniata Park, $5; Woodbury, $26.25; Queen, 
$5; No. 62706 (Clover Creek) $1; Mary A. 
Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10; Maggie Ful- 
ton (Stonerstown) $2; Eleanor J. Brum- 
baugh (Huntingdon) $6; S. S. : Stonerstown, 
$11; "Work & Win" Class, Lewistown, $5; 

Bethel (Yellow Creek) $5; Yellow Creek 
$25; " Truth Seekers " Class, Clover Creek 
$10; " Heroes of the King " Class, Clover 
Creek, $9; Replogle (Woodbury) $24.62 
Smithfield, $6.50; Upper Claar, $15; New 
Enterprise, $54.53; Indv.: Jennie Henderson 

So. Dist., Cong.: York, $103.54; Mrs. M 
B. Dittmar (Carlisle) $2; S. S.: Upton 
(Back Creek) $9.33; Codorus,- $15; Pike (Buf 
falo) $5; Bermudan (Lower Conewago) $8.75 
Farmers Grove (Perry) $10; York, $281.32 
" Adult Men's Bible Class," Hutitsdale 
$5.10; Ladies Bible Class, Huntsdale, $14.37 
" Sunshine Band " Huntsdale, $17; "Willing 
Workers " Bible Class, Huntsdale, $4.88: 
" Truth Seekers " Bible Class, Huntsdale 
$10.60; " Golden Rule Circle " Huntsdale 
$2.50; Juniors, Huntsdale, $1.10 (Upper 
Cumberland); Latimore (Upper Conewago) 
$12; Brandts (Back Creek) $20.07; Newville 
(Upper Cumberland) $8.04; C. W. S. : Me- 
chanicsburg (Lower Cumberland) $10, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn Italian Mis- 
sion, $40; S. S. & Cong., Wilmington Mis- 
sion, $10, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Locust Grove, $5.50; Red 
Bank, $16.48; Mt. Union, $5; Mrs. Wilbur H. 
Bloom (Greenville) $2; Pasquale Difelice 
(Ligonier) $50; John D. Minser & Wife 
(Rockton) $15; Rayman (Brothers Valley) 
$20; " Ever Faithful " Class, Red Bank, 
$5; "Golden Rule" Class, Red Bank, $5; 
Mt. Joy, Jacobs Creek, $42.36; " Willing 
Workers " Class, Diamondville (Manor) $10; 
" Willing Helpers " Class, Diamondville 
(Manor) $15; Diamondville (Manor) $4; Cone- 
maugh, $20.50; Rummel, $90; Pleasant Hill, 
$31.13; Cong. & S. S., Uniontown (Georges 
Creek) $32.89; Elk Lick, $26; Maple Spring 
(Quemahoning) $150; Scalp Level, $67; Maple 
Glen, $12.18; Purchase Line (Manor) $66.64; 
Garrett (Berlin) $7; " Sunbeams " Primary 
Class, Berkey (Shade Creek) $12; Pitts- 
burgh, $28; Maple Grove (Johnstown) $11; 
Moxham, $62.69; Pike (Brothersvalley) 
$44.74; Women's Bible Class, Red Bank, $10; 
Meyersdale, $100; C. W. S. : Rockton Junior, 


South Dakota— $25.00 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 

Texas — $7.74 

S. S.: Manvel, 

Virginia— $385.53 

E. Dist., Cong.: An Indv. (Madison) 
$25; S. S. : Lower Union (Locust Grove) 
$6.10; Hollywood, $5; Cannon Branch 
(Manassas) $25; Mt. Hermon (Midland) 
$4.25; Trevilian, $7, 

First Dist., Cong.: Troutville, $29.31; Mol- 
lie Manges (Troutville) $5; S. S. : Pleasant 
View (Chestnut Grove) $22; Selma, $17.19, .. 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pine Grove (Green- 
mount) $7.79; S. S.: Salem, $25; Indv.: D. 
P. & Rebecca F. Wine, $10, 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Barren Ridge, $10.39; 
Middle River, $33.03; Sue R. Miller (Beaver 
Creek) $5; Effie Cline, (Pleasant Valley) $5; 
S. S.: Pleasant Valley, $58.91; Hevener, $1; 
Bridgewater, $36.95; Barren Ridge, $14.61; 
Indv.: O. D. Simmons, $2, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harvey L. Wolfe (St. 

Paul) $25; S. S. : Antioch, $5, 

Washington— $116.99 

Cong.: Richland Valley, $10.40; Reuben 
Breshears (Omak) $8; S. Bock (No. Spo- 
kane) $10; Ann C. Castle (Stiverson) $10; 
Jas. Wagoner & Wife (Okanogan Valley) 
$5; S. S.: Outlook, $27.59; Wenatchee Park, 
$15; Sunnyside, $25; C. W. S. : Olympia 

Junior, $6, 

West Virginia— $81.05 

First Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Shickel (Har- 
man) $.50; S. S. : Maple Spring (Eglon) 
$77.50; Kelley Chapel (White Pine) $3.05, .. 
Wisconsin— $12.52 

Cong.: Stanley, $9.28; S. S. : Maple Grove, 

301 15 

540 60 
50 00 

969 61 

25 00 

7 74 

72 35 

73 50 
42 79 

166 89 
30 00 

116 99 

81 05 
12 52 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total for the month $10,50132 

Total previously reported, 3,936 11 

Total for the year, $14,437 43 

California— $5.00 

No. Dist., Indv. : Nannie A. Harman, ... 5 00 

Illinois— $35.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 35 00 

Kansas— $35.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Overbrook, 35 00 

Ohio— $70.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Hartville, 70 00 

Oregon— $13.03 

S. S.: Grants Pass (Williams), 13 03 

Pennsy lvania— $27 .00 

E. Dist., S. S.: E. Fairview, 25 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Blanche Griest (Upper 

Conewago), , 2 00 

Washington— $18.75 

Cong.: Reuben Breshears (Omak) $2.40; C. 

W. S.: Omak, $16.35, 18 75 

West Virginia— $1.00 

First Dist., Cong.: C. W. Martin (Green- 
land), 100 

Total for the- month, $ 204 78 

Total previously reported, 1,280 06 

Total for the year, $1,484 84 

Virginia— $20.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 20 00 

Total previously reported, 19,392 11 

Total for the year, $19,412 11 

California— $25.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Golden Gate, 25 00 

Illinois— $311.35 

No. Dist., Cong.: Naperville, $4; Mt. Mor- 
ris, $126.35; Franklin Grove, $136, 266 35 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cerro Gordo, 45 00 

Indiana— $640.66 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Salamonie, $60.24; Spring 
Creek, $111.74; S. S. : Pleasant View, $31.96; 
Salamonie, $11.82; Class No. 6 Salamonie, 
$16.27, 232 03 

No. Dist., Cong.: First So. Bend, $157.69; 
Pleasant Valley, $46; W. Goshen, $106.94; 

Elkhart City, $17, 327 63 

- So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $13; Ross- 

ville, $68 81 00 

Iowa— $54.87 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Rapids, 25 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ottumwa, $15; Mt. 

Etna, $14,87, 29 87 

Kansas— $51.93 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, 5193 

Maryland— $58.40 

E. Dist., Cong.: New Windsor (Pipe 
Creek), 58 40 

Minnesota— $99.00 

Cong. : Monticello, 99 00 

Ohio— $424.93 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton City, $87.40; 
E. Chippewa, $104.53; Black River, $13.50, 205 43 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Hill, $106.50; 
Salem, $12; Lower Stillwater, $75; Green- 
ville, $26, t 219 50 

Pennsylvania— $1,021.19 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntingdon, 555 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Pottstown, 10 03 

W. Dist., Cong.: Meyersdale, $143.50; 
Scalp Level, $186; Summit Mills, $100; Maple 
Spring (Quemahoning) $19; S. S. : Ten Mile, 

$7.66, 456 16 

Virginia— $511.85 

First Dist., Congs., 409 35 

No. Dist., Cong.: Powell's Fort, 2 50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, 100 00 

Washington — $10.00 

Cong.: Mrs. Verne Francisco (Omak), .. 10 00 

West Virginia— $30.50 
First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, 30 50 

Total for the month $ 3,239 68 

Total previously reported, 57,384 86 

Total for the year, $60,624 54 

Ohio— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc. : Canton City, 5 00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Union City, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 167 00 

Total for the year, $ 177 00 

Idaho— $75.00 

Nezperce Cong, for Dr. D. L. Horning, ... 75 00 

Illinois— $31.38 

So. Dist., S. S.'s for Eliza B. Miller, 31 38 

Indiana— $1,058.15 

Mid. Dist., Mexico Cong, for Lillian Gris- 
so, $450; Pipe Creek Cong, for Anna M. 
Forney, $25; Congs. of Mid. Ind. for Mrs. 
I. W. Moomaw, $168.75, 643 75 

No. Dist., Pine Creek Cong, for Winnie 
E. Cripe, 225 00 

So. Dist., Pyrmont S. S. for Moy Gwong, 
$52.40; Buck Creek Cong. & S. S. for Nettie 

L. Brown, $137, 189 40 

Iowa— $712.50 

Mid. Dist., Cedar Rapids S. S. for Emma 
Horning, 450 00 

No. Dist., Rebecca Heagley (Sheldon) for 
Geo. H. Coffman, 37 50 

So. Dist., No. English S. S. for Nettie 
Senger, $75; English River S. S. for Nettie 

Senger, $150, 225 00 

Kansas— $1,050.00 

N. W. Dist., & N. E. Colo. S. S.'s for 
Howard L. Alley 450 00 

S. E. Dist., A. C. Daggett (Independence) 
for Martha D. Horning, 450 00 

S. W. Dist., Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker 

and wife, 150 00 

Maryland— $212.00 

E. Dist., Pipe Creek Cong, for W. B. Stov- 
er, $110; New Windsor Church (Pipe Creek) 

for W. B. Stover, $102, 212 00 

Missouri — $96.50 

Mid. Dist. Congs. for Jennie Mohler, 96 50 

Nebraska— $24.72 

Nebraska Foreign Fund for balance sup- 
port of Josephine Powell" 24 72 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Eversole Cong, for J. Homer 

Bright, 100 00 

Pennsylvania— $718.29 

E. Dist., Harrisburg Cong, for Nora R. 
Hollenberg, $5.79; Spring Creek Cong, for 
one-third support Andrew Butterbaugh, 
$150; Midway Cong, for J. F. Graybill, $450, 655 79 

Mid. Dist., Francis Baker (Everett Cong.) 
for Feme H. Coffman, 37 50 

S. E. Dist., Royersford S. S. for H. S. 

Kulp, 25 00 

Tennessee— $100.00 

Knob Creek Cong, for Anna B. Seese, ... 100 00 
Virginia— $349.13 

No. Dist., Greenmount Cong, for Sara Z. 
Myers, $50; for I. S. Long & wife, $48.70, .. 98 70 

Sec. Dist., Middle River Cong, for Byron 
M. Flory, 245 43 

So. Dist., Burks Fork S. S. for Rebecca C. 
Wampler, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 4,527 67 

Total previously reported, 31,688 86 

36,216 53 
Correction No. 10, .500 00 

Total for the year, $35,716 53 





Supported in whole or in part by funds administered by the Genera] Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 
Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 

Bronderslev, Denmark 

• Esbensen, Niels, 1920 

# Esbensen, Christine, 1920 

Friisgatan No. 1, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill. Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman. Feme H., 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language 

School, Pekin, China 
Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens. 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Miller, Valley, 1919 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Seese, Norman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 1917 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 

Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M.. 1919 

Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

* Gwong, Moy, 1920 
On Furlough 

Blickenstaff, Miles, 1921, 
Quinter, Kans. 

Blickenstaff, Ermal, 1921, 
Quinter, Kans. 

Rider, Bessie M., Elizabeth- 
town, Pa. 

Shock, Laura J., Hunting- 
ton, Ind., R. D. 

Senger, Nettie M., 57 Farm- 
ington Ave., Hartford, 

Wampler, Ernest M., Port 
Republic, Va. 

Wampler, Vida A., Port 
Republic, Va. 

Lagos, care of C. M. S., 
Nigeria, West Africa 

Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Helser, A. D., 1922 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 
Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K, 1900 
Shull, Chalmer G., 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Erne V, 1903 
Miller, Eliza B.. 1900 
Miller, Arthur "S. B.. 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Wolfe, L. Mae, 1922 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler. Jennie, 1916 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 1923 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 
Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 1908 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Replogle, Sara G., 1919 

On Furlough 

Holsopple, Q. A., Hunting- 
don, Pa., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Huntingdon, Pa., 1911 

Mow, Anetta, Sebring, Fla. 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 
Monticello, Minn., 1915 

Ross, A. W., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Detained beyond furlough 

Pittenger, J. M., Hunting- 
don, Pa., 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Hun- 
tingdon, Pa., 1904 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 
111., 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., 1894 

Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 1916 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Vir- 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 


Red Cloud, Nebraska 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 

Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 

Greene County, Pirkey, Vir- 

Driver, C. M., 1922 

Broadwater, Dexter, Mis- 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 

* Native workers trained in America. 

Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

*** *J*V V W '** , ^»^rt*VT^»*WWVVVVVVVVVVV fvV*K^ u t*VWVTVWTWYVV 




Jl This legend appearing on each coined Amer- 
:II ican dollar is symbolic of the faith you may ex- 
ercise in devoting your American dollars to God's 
Kingdom enterprises. 


JT Your trust in God will help carry on His work 

ji after your lifetime needs have been taken care 

of from income earned from investment in our 





They provide: 

1 . A good income during your lifetime. 



2. That at your decease the principal, or income only (as 
you may choose) will be used to carry on evangelical, 
medical and industrial missions at home and in foreign 

3. Proof of your " trust in God " by your works. 

Write us for information. Just a postal request ask- 
ing about our Annuity Plan will bring you information. 

General Mission. Board 


£lgii\. Illinois 



CliuTcluof tKe Brethren 

Iri iefviGe 

Volume XXVII 

April 1923 


*ttt , M^ r k ir ic ffi^TTfr^y^yy yrr^r rTTTXTyTTxTxTjrTT 3s 







D. BONSACK, Acting General 


H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, 

North Manchester, Ind. 
CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 

Secretary, Elgin, 111. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A, P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 



H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 
All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

C* v ktt«AiXtfrAA^^>fr^*&Ai^«^i^».|<i^t^»|'«vfr ^iv|<^»i^it|» t ^»>^<t|<.^.^<i^i>^.i,'^ n Sjh|j JltAJjA Jji^^i^Jji^AAi^iXi,T< J<JjAAJ<>)|jt|j»|<>^i3^ 






Lost Cover Page ? 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXV 

APRIL, 1923 

No. 4 


Volunteer Items Secured by Galen B. Sargent 


EDITORIAL, By William H. Beam, 97 


What of China? By Dr. O. G. Brubaker, 99 

A Volunteer — My Reasons, By Minneva J. Neher 100 

Saved from the Pit, By Walter J. Heisey, 101 

Is It Nothing to You? By Albert D. Helser, 102 

What the United Volunteers Have Done, By Galen Sargent 103 

Why I Am a Volunteer, By Jesse D. Reber, 103 

A Volunteer's Experience in Tithing, By J. Emmert Stover, 104 

Incentives to Missionary Work, By Chester Royer 104 

Volunteer News from Our Colleges, 106 

China Notes for January, By Sara Zigler Myers Ill 


One Reason Why I Am a Country Preacher, Bv Rev. E. C. Hedge- 

peth, 112 

The Challenge of Arkansas, By Harry Smith, 113 


Our Clothing Contributions for Russia, 115 

Missionary Handwork Material, By Maud Newcomer 117 

The Roann Church School of Missions, By L. W. Shultz 117 

The Blessings of Stewardship, 118 


By the Evening Lamp, 119 

April (Poem), By A. H. B., 121 


Editorials for This Issue 

Traveling Secretary, United Student Volunteers 
Our Front Cover 

Designed by Dorothy Butterbaugh, from 
Manchester College, represents the spirit of 
the United Volunteers of the Church of the 
Brethren. Each one of our eleven schools 
is carrying its life of light by the way of 
the cross, which is the only title to a crown. 


There is great need for unity in our 
church today. We are scattered over four 
continents. We are in thirty-five States of 
our Union. We are in the country. We 
are in the city. Some have had educational 
advantages. Others have not. Some have 

made more money than others. Other races 
are coming into our fellowship. Added to 
all this is the perennial problem of uniting 
an older generation and a younger genera- 
tion and their problems of mutual under- 
standing. It is possible for us to become 
sectional and provincial in our interests. 
Our schools are scattered over wide terri- 
tory also. This increases the necessity of 
our becoming united and using all possible 
means for keeping together. 

With Christ 

The volunteers have felt a great need for 


The Missionary Visitor 


picking out the most central fact around 
which we can rally. And immediately 
Christ arose and said, " I am the Way." 
In our schools, from California to Virginia, 
we have endeavored to increase our fellow- 
ship upon the basis of our common faith 
in Christ and our church experiences with 
him. And one wonders if we have made 
enough of this item in our general church 

In Service 

But our great objective is the service 
which we are called to render this Christ 
in this tremendous generation. We feel the 
urgency of this, because it is our generation, 
and if we fail who will do our service? 
There is increasing need for us to bind our- 
selves together for our common task. It 
will mean that a higher percentage of our 
church members must become enthusiastic 
about what we can do as a church for the 
sake of the world's need of Christ. There 
is an abiding summons for an increasing 
number of our folk to pour out their lives 
in a distinctive religious service. There is 
also the urgent call for an increasing number 
of laymen to put the spirit of evangelism in- 
to their work and to place their gifts at the 
disposal of Christ through the church. 

On All Fronts 

In the Bay of Fundy a young child had 
been swept out beyond her depth. All the 
shore folk gasped in panic. But one young 
man quickly seized a rope, handed one end 
to some bystanders, and with the other end 
tied around his waist, dashed out into the 
waters in frantic effort to save the child. 
After exhausting swimming and tense con- 
cern he reached the child's side, grasped her 
in his tired arms and waved a signal, "Pull." 
But there was no pulling, for in their eager 
excitement they had let go of the rope to 
cheer the now futile rescue. 

Unless great care be taken this same error 
will befall our foreign missions program. 
We get so excited over the work being done 
that we forget that the, very progress of 
the work lays greater obligations upon us 
to support it. But a greater danger than the 
above is apt to befall us. The shore folk 
have heard the cries of another child in 
danger on the land behind them. Eagerly 
and heroically they rush to this child's res- 

cue and therefore forget to hold the rope of 
the rescuer out in sea. I refer to the in- 
creased interest in home missions and the 
natural but both dangerous and unnecessary 
decreased interest in foreign missions. 
Many students at one time thinking serious- 
ly of foreign missions are now either on the 
fence or have decided that their place is 
in the homeland. Home churches eager 
for help have greeted this change heartily. 
Foreign missions enthusiasm is therefore 
below par. And there is imminent danger 
that this lack of enthusiasm will result in 
dire diminution of the support of foreign 

Suppose we do see a great need in Amer- 
ica (God pity us if we do not!), who will 
discharge our obligations to India, Africa, 
and China? We need just as much enthusi- 
asm for foreign missions as we had five 
years ago. Working in America in no wise 
absolves any of us from our obligation to 
the foreign program, because the church in 
America is the base of supplies. " Beginning 
at Jerusalem," yes, but suppose the dis- 
ciples had not ventured out until Jerusalem 
was thoroughly Christianized! And be- 
sides we have been in " Jerusalem " for two 
centuries. Furthermore we have a thousand 
members in America to one worker overseas. 

We must wage war simultaneously on all 

Your Money or Your Life! 

That is the call of our Christian work 
in the world. Now I know that life well 
used will produce money. And I know that 
money represents real life. But the call 
comes to each one afresh to get in on the 
program of our church. A large group, 
ever increasing in number and purpose, are 
going into full time Christian service for 
our church. For that they are training. But 
their service will be conditioned by the 
substantial and prayerful generosity of the 
money producers of our church. An ever- 
increasing number of our church members 
should enlist in the task of giving wise 
financial support to the program of the 
church. Your money or your life. 

It should be said further and with per- 
sistent emphasis that the real call is "Your 
money and your life." For full time workers 
must face the same problem and principles 
of stewardship regarding their use of money 


The Missionary Visitor 


as any other Christian. And on the other telligent administration of funds falls upon 

hand every wealth producer has a personal him also. I tell you we are in no baby's 

and spiritual obligation to the Christian game. But the harder it is the greater claim 

program which he can not buy off with fat we have upon the infinite resources of God. 

fees. The obligation of intercession and in- Your money and your life. 

What of China? 

THERE is nothing very sure about the 
future of China unless it be that 
within the year they will have an- 
other national war of more or less im- 
portance. The last war of any consequence 
to China was fought last year between Chang 
Tso Ling, the bandit general of Manchuria, 
and General Wu Pei Fu, whose soldiers 
came mostly from the central and northern 
provinces. It was a decisive victory for 
Wu Pei Fu and every one- interested in 
China's welfare was feeling good because 
General Wu is a man of considerable educa- 
tion, has his country's best interests at heart 
and fought not for selfish gain but for his 
country's good. Wu has proven himself a 
strong fighter and a heroic general with deep- 
seated convictions of honesty, full pay and 
justice to his army, qualities which are 
scarcely heard of among the soldiers of 
other war leaders with their debasing sense 
of " squeeze," half-pay and injustice, yet as 
a statesman and political leader he has 
failed utterly and at the present time seems 
to be sulking in his tent several hundred 
miles from Peking hoping that some one will 
rise up with sufficient ability to wrest the 
government at Peking from the corrupt, 
thieving mongrels, and make of it a strong 
central government worthy of the name. 

Government at Peking — we can hardly 
think of it in those terms! There is no such 
thing at the present time. Peking is the 
recognized capital of China but the orders 
issued there have no authority whatsoever 
outside the city walls. Dr. Sherwood Eddy 
gives this as an illustration of ho.w weak and 
tottering the government is: Some time ago 
a number of airplanes were taken over by 
the Peking authorities with the explicit 
agreement with the other nations that these 
planes should not be used for military pur- 
poses. A few weeks later Chang Tso Ling 
swooped down upon Peking, captured the 
planes and took them en masse to Manchuria 

Returned Missionary from China 

as part of his army equipment. When taken 
to account the wiry politicians at Peking 
replied that they had decided to build the 
government airdome in Mukden, thus 
"keeping" the agreement and at the same 
time not offending the dictator of Man- 
churia. Tsao Kung of Pao Ting Fu has 
recently played the same kind of trick and 
China now has a government shed at two 

Religiously, as well as politically, China 
has gone to pieces. Crisis and chaos are 
terms often used in describing her condition. 
They have never been more applicable than 
at the present hour. Each province is ruled 
over by military governors, most of whom 
are very selfish and bigoted. Taxes and 
revenues are often levied by them on the 
pretext that they are for the central govern- 
ment, but most of the levies go to increase 
the salaries ^nd fill the pocket books of 
useless and idle officials in the governor's 
yamen. The government railroads are out- 
standing examples of reckless waste and de- 
bauchery. Half a dozen employees with as 
many assistants doing no more work, yet on 
full pay, than two men could easily do. 
Graft, " squeeze," and corruption are ram- 
pant everywhere. These and other contribut- 
ing evil influences have led to the worst 
form of selfish militarism. A few months 
ago Wu Pei Fu, finding it impossible to pay 
his soldiers because the government did 
not come across with any more money, and 
not being willing to allow his men to steal, 
rob, and murder, as hundreds of other gen- 
erals have done, found it imperative to dis- 
charge a lot of them. They have gone out, 
and being joined with numerous bands of 
highwaymen, are burning towns and villages 
and laying the country in waste. Men are 
shot down and women are violated. Even 
missionaries and their children are being 
captured and held for ransom. The dis- 
c uraging thing about it is that Wu not 


The Missionary Visitor 


only refuses to do anything, himself, but 
also refuses to allow Feng Yu Hsiang, that 
fine type of Christian General, to use his 
forces in stopping them. There are hun- 
dreds of bands in many parts of China deal- 
ing even worse with the people than these 
ex-soldiers of General Wu are doing. 

From a political point of view the main 
issues in China seem to center around a half 
dozen military leaders. They are Chang Tso 
Ling of Manchuria, Wu Pei Fu of Hu Nan, 
Tsao Kung of Pao Ting Fu, Cheng Hsiung 
Ming of Canton, Dr. Sun Yat Sen, also of 
Canton, and Feng Yu Hsiang. Of these, 
for the present at least, Wu and Cheng are 
out of the reckoning. Wu, because he 
refuses to do anything, and Cheng because 
he will neither fall in line with Dr. Sun 
completely, nor will he take the initiative him- 
self. Dr. Sun still has a large following in 
the south and is always to be considered 
when China's future is at stake. For, think 
what we may of Sun, he is far and above 
more patriotic than most militarists in 
China. A writer of considerable authority 
predicted less than a year ago that the next 
Chinese war would probably be fought be- 
tween Chang Tso Ling and Dr. Sun. 

There can be no doubt but that General 
Chang is strengthening his forces prepara- 
tory to swooping down upon Peking in the 
early spring. And unless Wu changes his 
attitude quickly he will be ill prepared to 
meet him. Tsao Kung is so selfish, conniv- 
ing and ambitious to become head of the 
central government, that he will stoops to 
anything to gain his point and he will be the 

last man to take up the sword against 
Chang. No one knows what will happen but 
some of us dare to hope that as the skies 
darken for battle — and it seems that war is 
inevitable — Feng Yu Hsiang, that stalwart 
Christian general, and a warrior second only 
to Wu Pei Fu, will lead the victorious army. 
If he does there will be the minimum of 
blood shed, and as far as he can make it so, 
righteousness will replace corruption. 

Fellow Volunteers, the outlook for China 
looks almost hopeless, doesn't it? But what 
a challenge! Sherwood Eddy has recently 
written that " no country in the world pre- 
sents such a religious opportunity today as 
does China. No other non-Christian people 
has such a deep moral consciousness. No 
race is naturally more honest." General 
Feng unfurls this banner to Christian Ameri- 
ca: "The burning question of our time is to 
make men unselfish and pure with the reli- 
gion of Christ. Otherwise there is no possi- 
bility to reunite the various provinces and 
disband superfluous troops. Thanks to God 
the church in China is growing day by day 
and our brethren are more and more having 
the clear knowledge of the truth. So China, 
after all, is hopeful and her outlook prom- 

No. Manchester, Ind. 

" We look to America for help and need it 
badly." Feng Yu Hsiang. 

" The government is becoming demoral- 
ized and only men in China like tire great 
Christian General Feng can save the situa- 
tion, if they are allowed to do so." 

Sherwood Eddy. 

A Volunteer — My Reasons 

Traveling Secretary, 1921 and 


SOME folks here and there have heard 
the voice of God through a " burning 
bush " experience in their lives. Others 
have been. struck down on the road to Da- 
mascus and through bitter experience have 
found the way of the Lord. Still others 
have in a quiet place on life's wayside met 
the Master face to face and there in the inner 
stillness of their souls have heard him call. 
Some have seen his call on the written page. 
Some have heard it from the pulpit. To 
others it has come through the voice of a 
friend. God in his great wisdom has various 

and numerous ways in which he speaks to 
his children. 

In my own experience I can point to no 
mountain peak of vision, nor to any sacred 
hour or place where I definitely received my 
call or made my decision. To be sure there 
have been a few times when I have been 
led up onto a mountain peak of vision, and 
there have been places and hours which are 
sacred- in my memory; but these have only 
given inspiration and strength to the purpose 
that was already there, deep in the back- 

(Continued on Page 114) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Saved From the Pit 


tian of about four years' standing. 
His age in years, as men count birth- 
days, is past sixty. He is virile, active, and 
"as full of wit and sensible humor as most 
men of higher educational attainments. 
While conducting station classes at Ch'in 
Chuan it has been my privilege to live with 
him for two weeks at a time. He has helped 
me, perhaps, more than any other single 
individual, to understand China and the 

Some time ago I asked him to tell me the 
story of his life and conversion. He very 
humbly declined, on the ground that he was 
not a man of letters and could not write it. 
It was a long time before I succeeded in get- 
ting him to make an attempt to put on paper 
the account of his life. In the course, of 
time he wrote a simple story, a translation of 
which I insert below. It has been my pur- 
pose to make the translation as literal as 

" Christian, Li Pan Tso by name, when a 
young man was of a very poor family. My 
early vocation was farming. When about 
twenty years of age I began the use of 
opium. This marks the beginning of a very 
bad career. Later I took up the trade of 
horse jockey in my local village. In this 
profession I became the vilest and most un- 
trustworthy. I was an inveterate drinker of 
whiskey and a slave to the use of tobacco. 
In no place did I perform good deeds. 
Every sort of bad deed was the thing in 
which I delighted most. 

"After a while I opened a small inn. 
Later I added a food shop and used my in- 
fluence and position to assist men in buying 
the contraband opium. In the course of 
time I opened an opium den which was of 
the lowest standard. I was steeped in adul- 

'' When I finally came to the place where 
I could not move a foot another inch (Tsun 
Pu Nan Hsing), my home was so poor that 
I had nothing to eat. I surely had no means 
of support and maintenance. I began to 
think of reform. I quit the opium business, 
including its use. It was my intention to 
quit all of my meanness. 

" My only knowledge was of Chinese su- 
perstitious practices. Accordingly I col- 
lected bits of paper wherever I could find it. 
I burned < it in the fire and put the ashes in 
the river, hoping thereby to gain virtue and 
wealth. Finding this insufficient to cleanse 

to China 

my life and bring me happiness or wealth, 
I sought further comfort in a form of Bud- 
dhism. After following this for half a year 
I found it as helpless as myself to bring 

" I was getting up in years, and when I 
found the superstitions, and religious prac- 

Li Pau Tso and His Cousin 

The cousin is changing from idolatry through the 
influence of Li Pau Tso and is now an applicant for 

tices of China insufficient I was moved upon 
by the Spirit to believe in Jesus Christ. 
This I tried to do, but with great difficulty. 
Being poor, dirty and ignorant I was often 
rejected and cast aside. I did not become 
discouraged, but when there was a mission 
chapel opened in our village I persisted in 
studying the Bible. In the course of a 
couple of years the church received me by 
baptism and I became a follower of Jesus. 
Until then I had no peace. Nothing I did 
satisfied my hungry soul. Now I am per- 
fectly happy. 

" I am uneducated and unable to write, 
but this is my testimony, humble though it 
may be." 


The Missionary Visitor 

Is It Nothing to You? 




GOD has called us to the stewardship 
of bringing 2,000,000 of our brothers 
in India, 2,000,000 of our brothers in 
China, and 2,000,000 of our brothers in 
Africa into the family of the Lord. Are you 
in the habit of responding when you hear 
his voice or is it nothing to you? 

About two years ago I was in a home 
where the father did everything possible for 
his five sons. Three of these sons were most 
ungrateful while the other two were really 
concerned about all the father's interests. 
Our heavenly Father has redeemed us at 
the price of his Son's life. Certainly it is 
only fair that we should hear his voice and 
shoulder a definite part of his work in the 

These things fall into their proper rela- 
tionship when Christ is at the center of your 
life. Some of you will not allow yourselves 
to be possessed by Christ and as a result the 
temple of your soul is not only empty but it 
is ruined for time and eternity. Others are 
miserable in their Christian life because they 
are trying to serve God and mammon at 
the same time. My experience with men is 
that they find the light sooner by whole- 
hearted service to one or the other. 

This-very hour the Church of the Brethren 
is opening work in North Central Africa on 
the Mohammedan frontier. There are 
mountains of difficulty to be cast into the 
sea. We are advancing on our knees and 
we need the choice spirits of the church to 
advance with us. We need wrestling 
PRAYERS. The last thing Brother Kulp 
and I want is sympathy from our fellow- 
students or from our brothers and sisters of 
like precious faith in the Lord Jesus. We 
want the investment of your life. 

Christ needs strong men in Africa who are 
out for souls. Men who will go ahead through 
six or seven years of hard training and come 
out of it with a deep and compelling faith 
in the simple Gospel of life. Within the 
next five years we need at least fifteen men 
with their wives in Africa. At least three 
of these should be well trained doctors, one 
trained mechanic and practical builder, one 
trained agriculturist, four trained evangelis- 

to Africa 

tic teachers and four trained educators. I 
put "trained" in each time because the best 
we can put into the great harvest field of the 
world is poor in comparison with what our 
Master deserves. All of these must be men 
and women who count it a joy to hazard 
their lives for Christ. The kingdom of 
Christ is our first aim in Africa. Men and 
women of this student generation, you are 
come into the kingdom for just such a time 
as this. How dare you say it is nothing to 

Brother elders, and brother ministers, we 
have been called to these sacred offices to be 
prophets and seers and leaders of our flocks. 
Let us add to our stewardship mentioned in 
the first paragraph, 1,000,000 souls in Amer- 
ica, and then set ourselves seriously to the 
task. Will some of us ever be forgiven 
for holding back rather than pushing for- 
ward the work of the kingdom? How long 
will those choice spirits in the membership 
have to furnish all the vision and the faith 
and the example of giving in your church? 

When I came through Philadelphia on Nov. 
12th I had the privilege of seeing the grave 
of Alexander Mack. His willingness to 
follow light at any cost has had a great in- 
fluence on my life. It was this spirit that 
made him so much like the disciples of the 
first century. This attitude is summed up 
by Phillips Brooks when he says, "Be sure of 
God and of yourself and of the love between 
your soul and his, and then shrink from no 
changefulness, cling to no present, be ready 
for new skies, new tasks, new truths." 

Your servants are in Africa now and will 
proceed to the interior soon. Is- it nothing 
to you? How much is it to you? Is it 
enough to claim your life? " Leave all and 
follow me and then you will be worthy to be 
called my disciples," says the voice to your 

We shall sing as we march into the 
strongholds of Satan, 

" In the Cross of Christ I glory, 
Towering o'er the wrecks of time; 

All the light of sacred story, 
Gathers 'round its head sublime." 

Lagos, West Africa. 


The Missionary Visitor 


What the United Volunteers Have Done 

Vice-president United Student Volunteers 

volunteers through 

IN 1914 the Volunteers of eleven colleges 
united in a central organization for a 
closer union, mutual helpfulness, and 
increased missionary activity. A constitu- 
tion was formed, Elgin Moyer being ap- 
pointed chairman of the committee. 

The following table shows the number 
of volunteers sent out as foreign mission- 



















In 1918 the United Volunteers pledged 
$5,000 for an institution of learning in 
India; in 1919 $12,4C0 was pledged for the 
Ping Ting Chou Hospital, China; in 1920 
$12,000 was pledged for a mission farm in 
India; and in 1921 $7,500 was pledged 
toward the Shou Yang Boys' School. 

A new Declaration Card has been adopted, 
making three classes of volunteers — home, 
foreign, and Christian stewards. Christian 
stewards are those who pledge themselves 

to support the active 
finance and prayer. 

In recent years the United Volunteers 
have given a public program at the Confer- 
ence annually. During Conference week a 
business session is held. Volunteers meet 
daily for an early morning prayer service, 
holding up the needs and opportunities of 
the Conference. 

A traveling secretary is financed by the 
United Volunteers. Each year he visits the 
eleven schools of the organization, studies 
their problems, and carries away with him 
enthusiasm and ideas to give to sister col- 

The West and the East join hands 
through the United Volunteers. Whether 
face to face, or separated for all time, at 
home, or " at home over there," hearts are 
grappled together with steel bonds of love. 
In the doing of God's blessed will all are 

" To me remains nor place nor time, 
My country is in every clime. 
I can be calm and free from care 
On any shore, since God is there! " 

Why I Am a Volunteer 


NEARLY two thousand years ago 
Christ left this earth. And just be- 
fore leaving he made some very 
definite statements. There are people to 
whom these statements had no meaning, 
but to the apostles of old they had a force- 
ful meaning. When Jesus came to this 
earth he brought the plan of salvation with 
him. Upon leaving, he put into the hands 
of his followers his unfinished task. And 
in these last statements he told them in 
unmistakable tones just how the plan should 
be carried into execution. 

We have to wonder sometimes whether 
these statements really mean anything to 
the Christian people of America. They 
meant something to him. They mean that 
he has left the work in our hands and 
that without our help he is unable to save 
the millions of unsaved souls. Without our 
cooperation he is absolutely powerless in 


this respect. Thinking of the faith" that 
Christ has in us , surely should challenge 
the best that is in us. 

God does not draft men into his service. 
The volunteer always makes the best soldier. 
There are only a few who receive a very 
definite call from God to go. I have not 
received such a call. He has given me no 
assurance that I will get into the foreign or 
any other field, but he can much more 
easily stop me from going than he' can 
start me. God can only guide moving per- 
sons. Is it not good logic that a man 
should fill the most needy place first? 
Surely the world needs nothing as badly as 
she needs the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and 
without a doubt the foreign field is the 
most needy. 

What was it that called Christ to die on 
the cross? What was it that called our 
forefathers into heathen darkness? Was 


The Missionary Visitor 


it not the need of dying men? What called 
our Brethren into the jungles of Africa? 
Was it not the need of the black race? 
Should not this same need stir my soul and 
drive me to action, cause me to open my 
eyes and see the darkest spots of the world, 
and then fill me with a resolve to go to 

those places unless God definitely calls me 
elsewhere? Oh, that we might, at least to 
a partial degree, experience the passion for 
souls which Jesus experienced in the 
Garden. "God's way is the best way." 

A Volunteer's Exp 


THERE are three things necessary for 
successful and joyful tithing: keep 
accounts, decide to give the tithe, 
and carry out your decision. 

But the question often arises, how in the 
world is a student Volunteer, who is always 
incurring debts as he gets his schooling, 
going to give one-tenth to the Lord? Shall 
he go into debt more deeply? Is that fair? 

The best answer I have ever heard to 
this is to go ahead and incur more debt by 
giving five per cent, then as the debt is being 
worked out, give another five per cent. If 
you will think a minute, you will see how 
the total earnings will be correctly tithed. 

However, if you have done as I have, just 
given at random during your educational 
period so far, without any special system, 
having decided to give one-tenth as soon as 
you begin earning, then you really ought 
to give a tenth when that time comes. 

The simplest method, I find, is to keep ac- 
count of all income, and of expenses in- 
curred in securing income (not personal 
expenses), and the difference is the sum to 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 

erience in Tith 



be tithed. For instance, I make and sell 
photographs. I subtract all photo expenses 
therefrom, and of the balance, which is 
profit, one-tenth belongs to the Lord. And 
it gives me great pleasure to return it to 
him as opportunity presents. 

Perhaps the greatest convenience that I 
find in this system is the fact that when 
some good cause comes along, to which I 
want to give, the question comes up, "How 
much have I accumulated for the Lord, from 
which I may give?" and not "How much 
can I afford to give?" And if I don't have 
it accumulated, I can say with a clear con- 
science that I can't give it, for I don't have 
it to give. Of course, if I want to give to 
some special cause above the tithe, that is 
my privilege, and sometimes it turns out to 
be a very blessed privilege. 

The promise made in the Old Testament 
(Malachi 3: 10) still holds good today, 
" Bring ye all the tithes into the store- 
house, and prove me, saith the Lord, whether 
I will not pour you out such a blessing that 
ye will not be able to receive it." 

Incentives to Missionary Work 


MISSIONARY work involves hard- 
ships, sufferings and sacrifice. Yet 
in spite of this fact there are many 
who surrender comforts, conveniences and 
joys of home life; they give up friends and 
bright prospects of becoming prominent and 
influential in their own native land in order 
to enter this calling; to go down into the 
darkness and degradation of heathendom. 
What then is it that impels such a sacrifice? 
In other words what are the incentives to 
be a missionary or to do missionary work? 
There are at least two primary or funda- 
mental incentives. The one is the personal 

experience with Christ, and the other is the 
assurance of victory and success in this 

It is that personal touch and experience 
with the Master, such as Paul had, that im- 
pels one to do all in his or her power to 
bring "the glad tidings of great joy" to 
other sad, ignorant, benighted souls so that 
they, too, can enjoy salvation and all that 
goes with it. 

One who is permanently healed from a 
disease by a certain physician can't help but 
make it known; can't help but recommend 
this same physician to others who are 


The Missionary Visitor 


afflicted with the same disease. Just as this 
is true physically, so it is true spiritually. 
One who has been healed from the awful 
disease of sin by Jesus, " The Great Phy- 
sician," is just as eager, if not more so, to 
make it known and to recommend the same 
Physician to others who are sick with sin. 
So it is the impulsion of a great experience 
with Christ that causes folks to aspire to 
missionary work. Can any one imagine 
having such a transforming experience as 
Christ brought to Paul without also having 
an impulse to share this treasure with the 
world? The peace, the power, the hope that 
had come to him, were surely to become the 
birthright of every creature. The greater 
and richer the experience with Christ the 
greater is the impulse to bring him to 
others. David Livingstone said to the Mis- 
sion Board, " My desire is to see the king- 
dom of ray Savior established in the hearts 
of all those who are in the same state I once 
was in." Jeremiah also had this experience 
and was filled to overflowing with it, as he 
expressed it in Jer. 20:9: "And if I say, I 
will not make mention of him, nor speak 
any more in his name, then there is in my 
heart as it were a burning fire shut up in my 

bones, and I am weary with forbearing and 
I cannot contain." 

Such is always the spirit of those whom 
Christ has touched. The spirit of Christ is 
the spirit of missions, and the nearer one 
comes to him the more intensely missionary 
must he become. 

Then, too, there is always adequate inspi- 
ration to enter missionary work in the fact 
that it is God's work, and that he called us 
unto his fellowship to be his fellow-worker. 
Thus we have an incentive to do missionary 
work, because if we are linked with him in 
this work we are sure of victory and a great 
reward. If God works with us success is 
sure. If God is helping in this work then 
his strength, his knowledge, his skill are 
employed upon it. We are no longer dis- 
couraged and enfeebled by our own incapaci- 
ty, our own ignorance and inexperience. No, 
there is beside us an inexhaustible fountain 
of ability from which we can draw. It is 
God's work. It must triumph. Nothing can 
prevail against the work, nor against us, as 
his fellow-workers. 

In conclusion, then, the personal exper- 
ience with Christ which gives one that burn- 



^mu ■HKZ. ^B£2flm ' i^Bjratfai 


fe-- ^va~. m mm . 

m$ 1 

mm* ' h£^4HH ■■".J'^' *"' 'iil "* *■■ 

- MM 

*!■* ** She Hr, 

i S ■ 







Appreciation from Natives — An Incentive 

A. \V. Ross and family, and Dr. Barbara Nickey (at left) in a farewell service. Lillian Grisso at right. 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing love and passion for souls, and the 
honor and dignity of working with God, 
which gives the promise of his help, and 

the assurance of victory, are the big incen- 
tives to do missionary- work. 
Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Volunteer News From Our Colleges 


Last September we began the session with 
a membership of thirty. About ten days 
after we effected our change in the organiza- 
tion, the various committees and officers 
were functioning in a fine way. The re- 
cruiting committee found twenty-two new 
and old students who were willing to sign 
the declaration card. The spirit of coopera- 
tion and missionary zeal has characterized 
the group's work this year. 

In deputation work, our plans are to touch 
all of the congregations and most of the 
churches in the Second aiftl Northern Dis- 
tricts of Virginia. This will mean the com- 
pletion of a fifty-program schedule. At 
this writing the greater portion of this work 
lies in part and we fully expect to complete 

We are entering into a cooperative plan 
with the Y. W. C. A. and Y. M. C. A. in 
mission study classes. Membership in 
these classes is voluntary. They are taught 
by faculty members. As in the case with 
most college volunteer groups we were rep- 
resented at the State Conference for Vol- 
unteers. We send greetings to the nine 
other volunteer groups in the schools and 
colleges of the Brotherhood, who have re- 
membered us during the year. 

Cameron G. Yagel. 


Our membership consists of thirty foreign 
and fifty home volunteers. Including all the 
Brethren students in other institutions we 
have about one hundred volunteers who are 
"doing their bit " in this large city of Chi- 

We meet for intercessory prayer twice a 
week and for a public meeting on Wednes- 
day night. A testimony meeting on " Why 
I Am a Volunteer " was very helpful. 

We were very fortunate in securing as 
speakers for our group Dr. Paul Harrison, 
of Arabia; Alma Doering, a Mennonite 
worker from Africa; Mr. Chung, a Chinese 

Christian, and our own A. D. Helser and H. 
Spenser Minnich. 

At present the missionaries among us are 
Goldie Swartz, Anetta Mow, and Dr. Bar- 

Bethany Volunteers Out to Feed the Hungry 

bara Nickey from India, and Mrs. A. D. 
Helser appointed to sail for Africa. 

Last July, before Elizabeth Baker and 
Ada Dunning sailed for China, we held a 
social in their honor. In October we also 
had a social in Mae Wolfe's honor before 
she sailed for India. After they gave their 
farewell messages, the poem " Mizpah " was 
read and all joined hands as we sang, " Blest 
be the tie that binds." 

Goldie Swartz visited several Michigan 
churches and a team served two churches in 
Northern Indiana during the holidays. More 
deputation work is planned. We hope that 
our group will continue to develop their 
inner life and to serve others. 

Ada Douty. 

Mcpherson echoes 

The Mission Group of McPherson College 
has shown much interest in cooperating with 
the other Christian organizations of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


school this year. The social relationships 
of the group, both in and out of the group, 
have been strengthened because the entire 
student body is made to feel that the volun- 
teer group is not an exclusive one. The 
group's quota for the new Shou Yang Boys' 
School in China is $900. Approximately one- 
half of this amount has been raised by 
pledges from the student body. Besides the 
regular weekly meeting of the group, Sun- 
day after church services, every Thursday 
morning before breakfast is devoted to a 
prayer service, which has been quite inspira- 
tional both to group members and others in- 
terested in missionary work. 

The deputation work is left to a committee 
of three appointed by the president. This 
committee is responsible for sending out 
teams to surrounding churches whenever a 
call is made. Dec. 17 six of our students gave 
a program at Navarre, Kans. About every 
three weeks a quartet is sent out to visit the 
shut-ins near the campus who are unable to 
attend church services. On Christmas Eve 
about fifty students went from house to 
house on College Hill, singing songs of 

Dec. 15 Bro. William M. Beahm, traveling 
secretary for the United Student Volunteers 
of the Church of the Brethren, gave a timely 
message to the student body in the chapel 
and also to the group. The purpose of the 
Volunteers, according to Bro. Beahm, is 
threefold: first, an absolute and unqualified 
loyalty to the will of God; second, an intel- 
ligent appreciation of the needs of the 
world; and third, a definite declaration of the 
purpose to fulfill that need. Bro. Beahm 
also gave some helpful personal conferences 
to those interested in Volunteer work. The 
outlook for the future work is very bright. 


The Blue Ridge Volunteer Group has been 
somewhat reduced in numbers during the 
past year, and consequently restricted and 
limited accordingly in our special group and 
personal work in the actual name of the 
group. For this reason, and because we 
have felt the need of creating in some way 
more direct sympathetic interests in the 
hearts of others who are not already vol- 
unteers of the cause which we. are repre- 

senting, we have slightly changed the pur- 
pose of our program and have been working 
more coordinately with the Christian associ- 
ations of the college. We have felt that in 
previous years, working as an entirely sep- 
arate organization, with only a few things 
in common, we somehow failed to come in 
direct contact with the other students of 
the school and as a result they misunder- 
stood us and we misunderstood them — a 
thing which so often happens where the stu- 
dents of a school, and especially other asso- 
ciations, feel that the volunteers are rivaling 
them in working selfishly toward their own 
ends as an organization, and as individuals 
trying to seem a little above the rest of the 
school. That is not the spirit that we as 
volunteers should represent. We are pledged 
by the nature of our call to work for others 
and always to consider first the needs of 
others and what we can do in service for 
their good. Therefore we have reconstructed 
our plans. The presidents of the Y. W. C. 
A. and the Y. M. C. A. and the volunteers 
have with the president of the college, 
formed a sort of Student Council, and it is 
this council which directs the movements 
of the three organizations. And around all 
these activities the group has been studying 
its influence by having its members take part 
in them whenever and as inconspicuously as 
possible, with no outward show of an " I 
am better than thou " feeling at all. \Ve have 
found t that the associations really appreciate 
this helpfulness and it has done very much 
to bring about the eradication of any feel- 
ing of distinction between the Volunteers 
and the other students, most of whom are 
members of the " Y's." 

The volunteers are also very well rep- 
resented in our athletic activities and it is 
here that we feel they can lend a hand in 
making for clean and wholesome athletics 
and sportsmanship. 

The volunteers with the " Y's " have fre- 
quently had talks on missions and the great 
world needs, in morning chapel services, and 
only recently the missionary committee of 
the Y. W. C. A., with a foreign volunteer at 
its head, put on a campaign which lasted for 
a week, bringing in speakers, lantern slides, 
literature, posters; and also using home tal- 
ent in making the program a very successful 

Thus, though as an individual group, we 


The Missionary Visitor 


have had our regular group meetings for the 
purposes oi intercessory prayer and a study 
of conditions which we as volunteers will 
have to face; have given several programs 
among the neighboring churches in deputa- 
tion work (a plan in which the " Y's " have 
followed us); have conducted a daily Morn- 
ing Watch Service, open to all students; and 
have frequently sent our group among the 
various churches at their request to preach 
— one of our ministers even holding a pas- 
torate at several mission points in West Vir- 
ginia while doing his school work; yet we 
feel, as we look back over our year's work, 
which is so near the close, that the greatest 
part of it has been to make the spirit of the 
volunteer prevalent among the other stu- 
dents and to make them feel that we are 
here to serve them humbly and happily in 
the spirit of the Master and for his sake. 
Rebecca Swartz, 
Corresponding Secretary. 


This year has been one full of interest and 
inspiration for the La Verne volunteers. The 
group has been active, but as an organization 
has not been so prominent in student func- 
tions as in the past few years. The emphasis 
has been placed rather on personal work, to 
develop strength within the group. The 
growth has been intensive rather than ex- 

Much valuable help has been received 
from the Student Volunteer Movement for 
Foreign Missions. This has been made pos- 
sible by a closer association with the South- 
ern California Union. La Verne has been 
represented by a large delegation at all Stu- 
dent Volunteer Conferences of the Union. 
This year the traveling secretary was with 
us two days. His visit was one of inspira- 
tion and helpfulness, not only for the volun- 
teers but for the entire student body. An- 
other helpful event was a Leaders' Confer- 
ence of this Union held in La Verne College 
Jan. 13-14. The association of volunteer 
groups from other colleges has meant much 
both socially and spiritually. 

This year for the first time regular home 
and foreign group meetings have been held. 
These are simultaneous and are from seven 
until eight each Thursday evening. Occa- 
sionally a joint program is planned. These 
meetings have been most helpful, for more 
intensive study of both the home and the 
foreign field has been possible. The interest 
and response have been good. 

The regular Sunday morning volunteer 
program is continued with good interest. 
Greater effort has been made to challenge 
students to investment of life in full-time 
Christian service. 

A new feature in the college library is a 
special table for missionary literature. New 
books and pamphlets are added frequently 
and made attractive to students bv means 

. — . _ — „ . , ; — . 


tJfpT\f£ * F -jL-tfajh, if 

|1f| ♦ ^ * i lfTpX . 


Wmiim&m/t* ■ Imf 


La Verne Volunteer Group 



The Missionary Visitor 


of posters. Interest in mission study classes 
also is promoted in this way. 

A number of missionary social programs 
have been given this year, fostering the spirit 
^ of unity and fellowship in a common inter- 
est. Brother and Sister J. B. Eramert have 
been a great inspiration to the voLunteers. 
An interesting feature of one of our socials 
was the language school, conducted by Bro. 
Emmert. The Emmert girls assisted also 
in singing a number of songs in the native 
language. Brother and Sister J. E. Throne, 
who spent a number of years in Malaysia, 
have also been associated with the group in 
a most helpful way. They have a large col- 
lection of curios. These were on exhibit at 
one of our socials and gave an oriental 
color to the entire evening. Meetings of 
this kind are not only for entertainment, 
but are educational and devotional. 

The deputation work of the group has 
been quite extensive this year. The first 
semester a team consisting of eight members 
visited all the churches in Southern Califor- 
nia. The same program was given in each 
church. During Christmas vacation an- 
other team visited nine churches in the 
Northern District. The theme used in both 
Districts was the same, " The Task of the 
Church of the Brethren in World Evangel- 
ism." Another team is visiting the churches 
of Southern California again the second se- 
mester. There has been a most hearty re- 
sponse in each of the churches and a warm 
welcome given to the group to come again. 

A number of activities are being planned 
at present. One is that of a stereopticon 
lecture to be given soon, using slides from 
the Student Volunteer Movement, New 

A committee is working on a missionary 
pageant, to be presented near the close of 
the year. jj 


The experiences of the Manchester Vol- 
unteer group have been many and varied this 
year. It was considered best to divide the 
group into two parts, Home and Foreign, 
so that each group might more effectively 
study its respective field. 

The home group has been making surveys 
and reports of the conditions and greatest 
needs of the Districts from which the stu- 

dents come. They have been privileged to 
have such speakers as Rev. J. Edson Ulery 
and Professor L. W. Shultz to present the 
challenge of the home field. 

The foreign group has been studying the 
fields in which it is most interested, namely, 
India, China, and Africa. This group has 
been fortunate in being able to have Dr. and 
Mrs. O. G. Brubaker and Rev. and Mrs. A. 
W. Ross in their midst to help them in learn- 
ing more about India and China. 

The two groups have a joint session every 
two weeks. Many of the volunteers have ex- 
pressed themselves as being well pleased 
with the work that is thus being accom- 
plished and the help and inspiration they 
are receiving. 

Some of the speakers who have addressed 
and given vim and zest to the united group, 
are: Pres. Otho Winger, Miss Goldie 
Swartz, and Prof. V. F. Schwalm. 

Another source of -inspiration this year 
was the visits of former volunteers who were 
en route to fields of service. Among these 
were Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Helser, Mrs. Hel- 
ser going to Bethany and Mr. Helser to 
Africa; Mr. and Mrs. Amsey Bollinger, on 
the way to Greene County, Va.; Mr. William 
Beahm, traveling secretary of the U. S. V., 
and Mr. and Mrs. Ira Moomaw, on the way 
to India. 

The M. C. group was invited to visit the 
Huntington, Ind., volunteers at the begin- 
ning of the school year and were royally 
entertained. We had previously become 
better acquainted with them at M. C. 

The deputation work has not been as ex- 
tensive so far this year as in other years. 
However, one team gave a program to a 
very appreciative audience at the church in 
Indianapolis in February. 

The practical work being done this year 
by the group is: conducting the Sunday- 
school at the Mission Chapel, sending out 
home-visiting teams on Sunday afternoons, 
and solving intangible problems through the 
weekly intercessory prayer meeting. 

Mildred Greenawalt. 


" That the World May Know " was the 
motto of the Indiana Missionary Convention 
of Colleges which was held at College of 
Missions and Butler College, neighbor 
schools in Irvington of Indianapolis, Feb. 


The Missionary Visitor 


9 and 10. Manchester College Volunteers 
were represented by a delegation of forty 
merry and earnest young people. A small 
part of their time was consumed in " get 
acquainted " meetings, but the long hours of 
the day were spent in solemn and serious 
consideration of the world's great needs and 
the methods of acquainting the great college 
bodies of these needs. 

Manchester returned with eager hearts to 
put on a larger and better campus program 
for inserting the volunteer's interests into 
the entire school body. 

Sadie Wampler. 


From the very beginning of the present 
school year there has been a consciousness 
of a deeper feeling of unity among our stu- 
dent volunteers, and, with this spirit of unity, 
there has been manifested a stronger deter- 
mination and purpose to work in the Lord's 

During the summer our pastor, anticipat- 
ing the return of the students and their de- 
sire for activity, was busy in searching out 
the most needy places in the vicinity of Mt. 
Morris, where they might be able to work 
effectively. Because of this effort, it was 
possible to organize the work earlier in the 
school year than would have been possible 

Grand Detour, one of the small towns, 
about ten miles distant, where work was 
started last year, is proving to be an inter- 
esting field. From the volunteer group, two 
go regularly each Sunday, holding both Sun- 
day-school and church services in the after- 
noon, and a short service in the evening. 

Another vicinity, where a Sunday-school 
is conducted each Sunday afternoon, is Mt. 
Zion. This is a country community which 
has had no religious services recently. While 
the work as yet is only begun, the attend- 
ance is gradually increasing and indications 
are such that, with continued effort and per- 
severance, much good will ultimately result. 

Haldane is another little town, about 
seven miles from Mt. Morris. Here a good- 
sized churchbuilding was found, although 
interest along religious lines seemed to have 
waned and all services had been discontin- 
ued. Each Sunday evening a group of work- 
ers gives a program, consisting of talks, 

readings, special music "and occasionally a 
sermon. That this community is responding 
to the efforts made is shown not only by the 
attendance, but by the eagerness of these 
people to make improvements in the appear- 
rance of their church. 

The work at these various places is sup- 
plemented occasionally by socials or gather- 
ings during the week, with a hope of becom- 
ing better acquainted with these people and 
ultimately leading them to a fuller Christian 

While we, as a group, have not met often 
in a social way, we have appreciated associ- 
ation in homes such as those of W. B. Stover 
and C. H. Gnagy. During the visit of Miss 
Mary Baker, Traveling Secretary for United 
Student Volunteers of Foreign Missions, the 
Stovers gave the Foreign Volunteers a pleas- 
ant evening in their home. A short time 
previous to this the entire group enjoyed an 
evening in the Gnagy home. 

The Mt. Morris Volunteers are glad for 
the privilege of being represented at the New 
York council by one of their number. Op- 
portunities such as this help to keep the 
group in closer touch with the work of the 

Anna M. Hamer. 


Activities of the Group 

Since our last writing to the Visitor our 
group has done quite a bit of deputation 
work. The group was active during the 
summer school last year. Several programs 
were given during this time. 

Our group is working in connection with 
two outpost Sunday-schools. In this way 
these young people from the group get in 
touch with young people who do not have 
the same privileges that we have, and we 
hope that these young people will be led to 
see the joy of real service for the Master. 

Each Sunday we have one or two teams 
out visiting in the homes in the town. These 
teams visit those who, for different reasons, 
cannot go out to their places of worship. 
They sing for them, and the people seem to 
appreciate these visits very much. It is a 
great inspiration to us to see how these aged 
people enjoy having young people in their 
midst, and talking with them. 

Ilda Bittinger. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sara Zigler Myers 
Miss Horning spent almost the entire 
month out holding classes for the country 
women. She takes two Bible women with 
her and they conduct a ten slays' class at 
each place. The women are eager to read. 
There is almost no limit to the work that 
could be done if we had properly-trained 
native workers, but it takes time to find and 
train them. 

In December the leading women of Ping 
Ting organized a Public Health Association 
with the county official's wife as chairman. 
In January they had their first regular meet- 
ing, which was well attended. Dr. Wampler 
gave the principal address at this meeting. 

Mr. and Mrs. Crumpacker are the proud 
parents of a little daughter, Haven, who ar- 
rived in their home early Sunday morning, 
Jan. 28. ^ 

Mr. Sollenberger, Pastor Chao, and Mr. 
Chang spent two weeks in the Fifth District, 
preaching, teaching phonetic script and 
building up and strengthening the Chris- 
tians who were taken into the church last 
fall. They were well received everywhere 
and often given meat, potatoes, or pears. 
The prospect throughout the Fifth District 
is very encouraging. The help which was 
given the needy during the famine has not 
been forgotten and will continue to bring 
forth fruit for many years. 

Two of the girls from the Girls' School 
at Ping Ting Chou, accompanied by Sister 
Metzger, attended a mid-winter Y. W. C. A. 
conference held at Taiku, a neighboring mis- 
sion, Jan. 27-29. Miss Grace Yang, one of 
the Chinese National Secretaries for China, 
was present, and gave the association girls 
some very inspiring talks. The keynote of 
the conference was " Ministering Unto 
Others." Our delegates were made to feel 
their responsibility to live an upright life 
themselves, and to lead other students to 
know the Christ. 

The week of prayer, observed Jan 7 to 

13, inclusive, was largely in the hands of 

the Chinese. Owing to the sickness of Sister 

' Heisey at that time, Bro. Heisey was unable 

to attend. The arrangements were in the 
hands of the native evangelist, Mr. Kuan, 
and the attendance and interest were excel- 

lent - jl 

Owing to the cold Weather, preaching at 
the jail will be discontinued for two months. 
The poor fellows in the Chinese prisons 
have just about clothes enough to cover their 
nakedness, and they must stay largely in a 
warm room. There is no way of heating 
the chapel in which we are preaching. We . 
are glad for a little vacation from here, as 
it gives us an opportunity to concentrate our 
efforts on some special enquirers' classes. 

Sorrow came to the Shou Yang Girls' 
School on Saturday morning, Jan. 27, when 
death entered the mission compound at Shou 
Yang for the first time, claiming as its own 
eleven-year-old Liu Yin Ming, a pupil in 
the school. She was a victim of typhus fever 
and was ill only about ten days. A short 
service was conducted at the school by Bro. 
Heisey, after which the relatives and friends 
of the deceased took charge of the interment. 

Jan. 18 last Dr. Hsing moved his family 
to Shou Yang. This date will be remem- 
bered, since it marks the opening of regular 
medical work at Shou Yang. During the 
first two years of our work here there was 
no medical assistance provided. During the 
last year Dr. Wampler began weekly visits, 
which later were taken over by Dr. Hsing. 
As Dr. Hsing is now living here, the dis- 
pensary will be open daily. Dr. Hsing is a 
promising young man. He finished his 
medical work at the Shantung Christian 
University a year ago. The past year was 
spent in the hospital at Ping Ting Chou. 
He has had a good training, and will be kept 
busy at his new location. He is a Christian, 
a native of Shou Yang. 

Upon visiting the new compound at Shou 
Yang, one sees acres of wood, brick, tile, 
and stone. This is in preparation for the 
contractor the first of April. Last Septem- 
ber and October work was begun on the new 
Boys' School building, the basement walls 
being completed up to the first floor. The 
contractor will return the first of April, and, 
with all materials ready, the building should 
be completed in the early summer. 


The Missionary Visitor 



M. R. Zigler Home Mission Secretary 


One Reason Why I Am a Country Preacher 


I FEEL that more than pity and funeral 
orations are needed. The patient is not 
dead yet — only asleep. Hence I am will- 
ing to sound the reveille and see if I can- 
not awaken and arouse at least one country 
church from its lethargy and indifference to 
a spirit of deep concern, alertness and loyal- 
ty to the whole New Testament program. 
Our country churches emphasize mostly the 
first two items in the Great Commission, 
namely, making disciples, and baptizing dis- 
ciples. And to tell the whole truth, our 
rural churches have been a little stronger 
on baptizing disciples than in making dis- 
ciples. One reason for this I think is that 
it is much easier to baptize one who is 
already a disciple than it is to lead one 
to become a disciple. But when it comes 
to the teaching of disciples — well, in this 
matter our country churches have simply 
ignored and neglected their duty. - One 
-reason why there is so little teaching be- 
ing done in our country churches is be- 
cause we are willing to do things in the 
rural church just like we did fifty and one 
hundred years ago. We are building better 
homes, and in some places installing tele- 
phone and water and light systems. Modern 
farm machinery is being purchased and used, 
and the best and most scientific methods of 
farming are being adopted. We are length- 

ening our school terms, purchasing cars, 
and building good roads, and in all material 
things we are moving forward, yet country 
churches content themselves with once-a- 
month or half-time preaching services, call 
absentee pastors, select for their Sunday- 
school teachers, men and women that know 
nothing about the Bible, the pupil, or the 
laws of teaching. We receive new converts 
into our churches but fail in "teaching them 
to observe all things whatsoever I have com- 
manded you." We are saved to serve. But 
the young converts coming into our 
churches do not know this. They are not 
taught that when they gave their hearts to 
Jesus they also gave their influence, their 
time, their talent, and their earthly posses- 
sions to him and that all these are to be 
used in helping to extend that kingdom to 
other hearts, homes, communities, and na- 
tions, until the kingdoms of this world shall 
become the kingdoms of our blessed Lord. 
It is not only important but exceedingly 
urgent that the churches of the countryside 
be shown and led to accept their obligation 
for carrying out not only a part but all of 
the Great Commission. To this end have 
I dedicated my life to the country church 

— Home and Foreign Fields. 


Sacrifice, surrender, negation, are inherently involved in any great onward- 
marching life. They go with any choice that can be made of a rich and intense 
life. It is impossible to find without losing, to get without giving, to live without 
dying. But sacrifice, surrender, negation, are never for their own sal^e; they 
are never ends in themselves. They are involved in life itself. 

Rufus M. Jones, in Christian Work for Feb. 24, 1923 


The Missionary Visitor 



The discrimination made between home and foreign missions seems to drop 
out of our thinking over here. I can hardly conceive of our being interested and 
praying for our work here without being interested in and praying for the work 
at home. Our land, our buildings, our equipment — everything we use and handle 
belongs to the home church, and even we ourselves are merely its representatives 
here. A sort of peculiar sense of the responsibility to the church at home has 
gripped me since I'm here that is different from anything I had thought of at 

nome - Elsie Shickel, Missionary to India. 

The Challenge of Arkansas 


WHEN many of our people think of 
Arkansas, they think of the book 
entitled, " The Slow Train Through 
Arkansas." However, this does not give a 
good description of the State. In this short 
article I shall try to give what seems to me 
to be a truer picture of actual conditions as 
I have seen them. Across it is a network 
of railroads, and on these road's we have 
trains that are second to none. Here, too, 
we have fine cities, very prosperous and 
flourishing; one of them being Hot Springs, 
known all over the world for the wonder- 
ful springs that are located there. In the 
southern portion of this State are many 
oil wells and coal mines. In the south 
central portion is one of the largest rice 
sections of the world. In the north are 
very fine orchards and in the central and 
eastern portions are large stretches of tim- 
ber. Above all, it contains the only diamond 
mine in the United States. But in spite of 
all the natural' resources many counties of 
this State are in great need of true Chris- 
tian leadership. 

In many portions of the State we find that 
religious leaders have led the people away 
from the truth of God's Word and taught 
them to believe in an emotional type of 
religion; for example, "The Holy Rollers" 
and similar religious organizations have 
gained much ground. One afternoon I 
overheard a conversation carried on by a 
few business men of a small town that has 
three churches of this type. A revival had 
just been closed in which extreme emotional- 
ism was predominant. One said: "The time 
has come when this kind of religion does not 

have the influence over the people that it 
had one day." Another one said: "What 
this town needs is some one to come in 
and organize a church that has sound doc- 
trine for its foundation and abides by the 
truth of the Scriptures." Is not this a chal- 
lenge to the Church of the Brethren? 

The other day I received a letter from 
a young brother who lives in Arkansas and 
is teaching school in order to secure money 
to go to college. He says: "The people of 
my county have never heard of our church 
before. I am giving them some talks on 
our church and its doctrines. The people 
seem very well pleased with our beliefs and 
want me to organize a church in this city." 
Beloved readers, these are not the only 
places where the people have not heard of 
our church in this section of our country, 
for many of the communities do not have 
an organized church of any denomination; 
in some places, not even any church services. 
Are we carrying the Gospel to every one as 
our Master commanded us? 

It may come as a surprise to some of 
the Visitor readers that we, as a church, 
are not accomplishing more through the 
church congregations which we have or- 
ganized in this section. However, we have 
but one elder in the whole section, com- 
prising more than half of the State; to this 
elder's credit it must be said that he has 
kept a spiritual fire burning in the hearts of 
our members and is still doing, splendid 
work, although now quite aged. There have 
been but few ministers working here in the 
past, also, but, although they did good work, 
yet many districts are without anything like 


The Missionary Visitor 


adequate Christian leadership. The fields 
are now white unto the harvest; are we go- 
ing to allow the Lord of the harvest to send 
us out? I would say to you, who are 
planning to spend your lives in service for 
Christ, to think seriously of the fields in our 
home land; for by building up the home 
field we will be able to accomplish more on 
the foreign field. 

Our Heavenly Father, wilt thou lead us 
on; on into the needy fields of our own 
beloved land and then to the uttermost parts 

of the earth. 


Of the fifty million Protestant church- 
men in the nation are we not safe in saying 
that not more than one million take a 
religious journal? 

Frederick Lynch, 
Editor of the Christian Work. 

The District Mission Board of Middle 
Iowa has issued a Bulletin, the purpose of 
which is to inform the members of the Dis- 
trict of what is being done, the problems to 
be met and to challenge the church to 
adequately, persistently, and courageously 
face the unfinished tasks in Middle Iowa. 
W. H. Royer is the editor with four associ- 
ates. It is to be published semi-annually. 


(Continued from Page 100) 

ground of my life. When it came I cannot 
say, only it was back there in my childhood 
days. My Christian home, the influence, of 
my mother, missionary talks fostered it, but 
I think God himself put it there. That con- 
viction that God wanted me to give my life 
among a heathen people has grown as I 
have grown. There have been times when I 
would like to have gotten away from it,. 
when I wished it were not there. While I 
have not been always keenly conscious of 
it, yet it has been there in the undercurrent 
of my life, and get away from it, I could not. 
In trying to analyze the incentives which 
have played a part in the molding of that 
undercurrent of my life into a clearly defined 
and clearly recognized life purpose, I must 
first go back to my childhood days. There 
were several pretty well defined reasons why 

I wanted to be a missionary. In the first 
place there was the appeal of the heroic. 
Missionaries to me were heroes of the truest 
type. I wanted my life to count for real 
heroism. I think this was the strongest 
motive at that time. Then there was the ap- 
peal of the need of the non-Christian 
peoples. The pitiable needs as they were 
pictured by returned missionaries touched 
my heart and I longed to help. The desire to 
please Jesus entered in too. I felt that a 
sacrificial life for such a needy people surely 
would be more acceptable to him than any 
other life. While these motives or incentives, 
as I think of them now, were not in their 
real content of the highest, yet they had a 
very real influence in the forming of a pur- 
pose which later would become more intelli- 
gent and be sustained by more worthy 

For a long time this purpose of mine re- 
mained more or less passive. .Even after I 
entered college and declared my purpose by 
signing the declaration card of the Student 
Volunteer Movement, and even though I 
was planning my education in accordance 
with that purpose, yet that purpose had not 
gripped me, heart and soul. I felt I was in 
line with God's will and that sometime I 
would find myself in the place to which he 
was calling me, but I must confess that I 
was not very enthusiastic about it. I had 
not yet learned what it meant to love God's 

Seasons of doubting and testing came. It 
was through the darkness that the light 
gleamed brightest, and I came to know and 
appreciate my Lord in a new and fuller way. 
I learned what it meant to pray " not my 
will but thine be done," and what it really 
meant to want that WILL because it was 
the very best that a loving Father had 
planned for me. Then it was that my life pur- 
pose began to grow more real and vital. 
When I think of what Jesus means to me 
and of what he is and what he has done — 
why am I a volunteer? — " the love of Christ 
constraineth me." 

" I heard him call, ' Come, follow,' that 

was all; 
My gold grew dim, my heart went after 

Who would not follow if you heard him 


La Verne, Calif. 


The Missionary Visitor 



©jljp QJnrkrra' Gnrnrr 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 


Church of the Brethren Relief Work. As 

a result of the January appeal for relief 
money, plus what has been contributed dur- 
ing the past twelve months, $25,505 has been 
received at the office of the General Mission 
Board. This money has been distributed 
for work in the Near East and to the Ameri- 
can Friends Service Committee for work in 
Russia. The following letters are written 
in appreciation of our gifts: 

March 8, 1923. 
Mr. Clyde M. Culp, Trcas., 
22 South State Street, 
Elgin, Illinois. 
Dear Mr. Culp: 

We are very glad to receive your check for 
$6,134.66, covering the balance of the desig- 
nated sums received from your constituents 
from December 1, to the date of your letter, 
Feb. 28. Official receipt for the same is en- 
closed herewith. We have previously acknowl- 
edged the check for $8,000 on the same oc- 

Your people are sincerely interested in the 
work and we appreciate their interest. We 
are hoping that additional sums will be re- 
ceived from them so as to bring the amount 
somewhere into the .neighborhood of their 
previous offerings. 

Cordially yours. 

C. ]'. I'ick re v. 
General Secretary. 

March 7, 1923. 
Clyde M. Culp, Trcas., 
General Mission Beard 
of the Church of the Brethren. 
Elgin, Illinois. 
Dear Friend: 

We are indeed most grateful to the friends 
of the Brethren for the splendid assistance 
given us, as expressed through the generous 
contribution of $6,089.51. 

In answer to a cable received by us from 
Russia, requesting the extension of the Quaker 

relief work into other districts of the Rus- 
sian famine zone, we are opening feeding 
centers in Pugachiev County, south of the 
district in which zee have been working. 
Quaker workers who visited this adjacent ter- 
ritory last summer found that the famine there 
had never been gotten under control, and now 
we have been asked to assume responsibility 
for part of the district. 

On the fact that having assumed this re- 
sponsibility there is no wonder that zee are 
not only grateful but greatly encouraged when 
zee receive such help as the friends of the 
Brethren have given us. 

With continued appreciation, 

Wilbur K. Thomas, 
Executive Secretary, 
Amer. Friends Service Com. 

Our Clothing Contributions for Russia. 

Last November we published a call for 
clothing to send to Russia. The response 
has been generous, and by this time many 
Russian bodies are clothed because of our 
gifts. Each week the American Friends at 
Philadelphia, through whom we have been 
forwarding our clothing, have sent us a 
statement of clothing received for the 
previous week. The following list shows the 
names of those who have contributed cloth- 
ing. The names of individuals in many 
cases represent a gift by the congregation 
and not by the individual: 

Mrs. Anna Taylor. Rockwood, Pa.; Aid 
Society, Meyersdale, Pa.; Flora A. Bowser, 
Kittanning, Pa.; Mrs. Charles Fifer, Wyom- 
ing, Del.; Mrs. A. L. Monts, Foley, Minn.; 
Jacob Coppock, Tippecanoe City, Ohio; 
Jorgen Boe, Kenmare, N. Dak.; Bertha 
Stoner, South English, Iowa; Mrs. Mary 
Knepper, Rockwood, Pa.; D. B. Stump, YVa- 
waka, Tex.; Hopewell Farm, Manheim, Pa.; 
First Church of Brethren, Altoona, Pa.; 
Church of Brethren, Orrville, Ohio; H. L. 
Miller, Ligonier, Pa.; Levi K. Ziegler. Den- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ton, Md.; General Mission Board, Elgin, 
111.; E. M. Grosh, Mt. Joy, Pa.; Leora 
Wales, Pond Creek, Okla.; Aid Society, 
Meyersdale, Pa.; Mrs. J. M. Lufy, Oak Park, 
111.; Aid Society, Elizabethtown, Pa.;- Mrs. 
E. M. Weaver, E. Petersburg, Pa.; C. S. 
Miller, Vienna, Va.; Mrs. E. Ausherman, 
Brunswick, Md.; Annville Aid Society, Ann- 
ville, Pa.; Mrs. John Rowland, Maugans- 
ville, Md.; Wooster Aid Society, Smith- 
ville, Ohio; Mrs. Mattie V. Graun, Bridge- 
water, Va.; M. F. Hollinger, Abbottstown, 
Pa.; Burton Metzler, Benton, Ind.; Eva 
Kingery, Greene, Iowa; Lucy A. Bosser- 
man, Bryan, Ohio; Mrs. A. P. Bucher, 
Quarryville, Pa.; A. W. Madeira, Harris- 
burg, Pa.; Martha Minnich, Greenville, Ohio; 
Clover Creek Aid Society, Martinsburg, Pa.; 
Mrs. B. F. Priser, Goshen, Ind.; Mrs. B. H. 
Funk, Bedford, Va.; Sisters' Aid Society, 
Manheim, Pa.; Brethren Church Sewing 
Circle, Richland, Pa.; Daisy Evans, Los 
Angeles, Calif.; Walter Heiser, New Castle, 
Ind.; Mrs. H. McConnell, South Whitley, 
Ind.; Church of the Brethren, Surrey, N. 
Dak.; Mrs. G. Nevinger, Onekama, Mich.; 
Selma Slouth, Union, Ohio; Church of the 
Brethren, Ottawa, Kans.; Church of the 
Brethren, Delta, Ohio; Mrs. J. E. Hartman, 
Westover, Md.; Emma Rohrer, Akron, 
Ohio; Mrs. J. Jordin, Richardson Park, 
Del.; Maple Glen Aid Society, Fort Hill, 
Pa.; Hugh Miller, Troy, Ohio; Letha 
Holmes, Smithville, Ohio; S. Studebaker, 
Pearl City, 111.; Pleasant Valley Association, 
Weyers Cave, Va.; Harry H. Ziegler, Sham- 
okin, Pa.; Mrs. A. W. Oren, Clayton, Ohio; 
Brethren Church, Lewistown, Pa.; Church 
of the Brethren, Selma, Va.; Church of the 
Brethren, Bridgewater, Va.; A. R. Coff- 
man, Pottstown, Pa.; Clara E. Steerman, 
New Germantown, Pa.; Doris Byrd, Beans 
Mill, W. Va.; J. P. Merkey, Rehrersburg, 
Pa.; Goshen City Aid Society, Goshen, 
Ind.; Clover Creek Aid Society, Martins- 
burg, Pa.; O. L. Harley, Amberg, Wis.; 
Harry Wenger, Ephrata, Pa.; Lillian A. 
Hufford, Rossville, Ind.; C. F. Miller, Beale- 
ton, Va.; Mary L. Eshleman, Middlebranch, 
Ohio; C. H. Murray, Creston, Ohio; Mrs. O. 
E. Younker, Sidney, Ohio; Wayne Gerdes, 
Chicago, 111.; Mrs. Lena Boyce, Shelby, 
Ohio; Salisbury, Pa.; Mrs. George jPuter- 
baugh, Lanark, 111.; Floyd M. Irvin, Can- 
ton, Ohio; D. G. Berkebile, Bradford, Pa.; 

Mrs. Otto C. Townsend, Woodland, Mich.; 
Sisters' Aid Society, Harrisonburg, Va.; 
J. W. Miller, Broadway, Va.; V. M. Lentz, 
Waterloo, Iowa; M. Seese, Nokesville, Va.; 
Church of the Brethren, Somerset, Pa.; 
Mrs. D. H. Swartz, Clymer, Pa.; Rebecca 
Montel, Claypool, Ind.; J. R. Snavely, 
Waterloo, Iowa; M. M. Taylor, Louisville, 
Ohio; Mrs. S. L. Fyock, Clymer, Pa.; Parker 
Ford Aid Society, Parker Ford, Pa.; Har- 
riet Cradlebaugh, New Carlisle, Ohio; Mrs. 
D. D. Sheller, Eldora, Iowa; Mrs. Anna 
Cripe, Syracuse, Ind.; Church of the Breth- 
ren, Rockford, 111.; C. E. Kimmel, Sheldon,. 
Iowa; Sannie F. Shelley, Williamsburg, Pa.; 
A. P. Musselman, Kitchel, Ind.; Astoria 
Aid Society, Astoria, 111.; Mrs. Samuel Mil- 
ler, Nappanee, Ind.; J. W. Fyock, Polo, 111.; 
Mrs. H. S. Replogle, Oaks, Pa.; The Pike 
Aid' Society, Berlin, Pa.; Westminster Aid 
Society, Westminster, Md. 

A Letter of Appreciation From the Friends. 

March 7, 1923. 
Mr. H. Spenser Minnich, 
General Mission Board 
of the Church of the Brethren, 
Elgin, Illinois. 
My dear Mr. Minnich: 

I am glad to have this opportunity to tell 
you what splendid clothing contributions we 
have received from the Church of the Breth- 
ren. The members seem to understand the 
kind of clothing which is most useful and many 
splendid contributions are the result of your 

Yours very sincerely, 

Anna B. Dudley, 
Assistant Secretary, 
Anier. Friends Service Com. 

A Brand New Gift came to the home of 
Brother and Sister Frank Crumpacker, in 
China, Jan. 28. They call her Haven, and 
judging by what some of the other mis- 
sionaries have written us confidentially she 
is a wonderful delight to her parents. We 
wish for Haven a happy, successful life as 
a second generation missionary. 

A Farmer Brother, supporting one of our 
missionaries, sends in $600 for this support. 
After commenting on depressed financial 
conditions affecting the farmer he says,. 
" This $600 just cuts another slice off my 
home, but we are hoping that a change will 
come soon that will make things look dif- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ferent." What faith! And those who know 
God and the cause will say it is a good piece 
of financiering to borrow from an earthly 
home for the sake of an investment " over 

A Pastor in Kansas writes that " the 
Stewardship Slides were shown to an ap- 
preciative audience last night. I have dis- 
tributed nearly all the package of steward- 
ship literature you sent me. Next week I 
am planning to make a personal effort with 
the members for a systematic manner of 
giving. Plans are being made for our evan- 
gelistic meeting around Easter time." We 
are watching eagerly to see the fruits of this 
pastor's wise planning for his church. We 
believe he is on the right road. 


Teachers in Sunday-school, Vacation 
Bible schools and Church Schools of 
Missions are often unable to pro- 
cure proper material for handwork to 
be used in connection with the stories 
and lessons which they use. Objects 
are often desired to make more real 
the customs and manner of living of the 
people of different countries. If these teach- 
ers knew where they could find patterns for 
making the desired objects they would be 

The Missionary Education Movement of 
the United States and Canada, 150 Fifth 
Avenue, New York, N. Y., offers just such 
material for the very reasonable price of 
twenty-five cents for each plan. 

There is a pattern and directions for mak- 
ing a Japanese home, complete. This con- 
sists of a house, its furnishings, a garden 
lamp, old pine tree, fish lantern, the figures 
of a boy and a girl, with an extra suit for 
each, and two dolls. The patterns are good 
and the directions clear. Almost any one 
could use them with good results. 

From this place similar patterns of other 
countries can be secured. 

The little house and all that goes with 
it, when completed can be set up on a 
table, or in a sandbox, making a very 
pleasing effect, which is sure to delight the 
boys and girls and increase their interest in 
the country studied. — Maud Newcomer. 


L. W. Shultz 

A very unique and successful school this 
was — the first of its kind in Middle Indiana. 
The plan and course followed in its twelve 
weeks of work are to be recommended to 
others who are contemplating a similar 
school. In this short article it is merely 
aimed to give a statement of the curriculum, 
the schedule, the character of the folks who 
did the work, the closing exercises, and the 
plans they have for the future. 

The twelve weeks' curriculum was: 
Primaries — " The Magic Box." Ferris. 
Juniors. — " Junior Folks at Mission 

Study." Berkebile, India. 
Young People — Missionary Textbook 

Church of the Brethren. 
Adults — Missionary Textbook Church of 
the Brethren. 

This latter text is a very splendid manual 
built by Sister S. L. Cover of the local 
church — one of its pastors. This manual 
should be published for use by our church 
schools of missions. 

These four groups met every Sunday even- 
ing from 6: 30 to 7: 30 during the last quarter 
of 1922. A ten to fifteen minute devotional 
period was enjoyed in each of the groups 
and then the too short forty to forty-five 
minute period of study was held. The in- 
terest and attendance was all that could 
have been hoped for and a similar school of 
church ordinances is now in progress. 

The Roann School was fortunate in hav- 
ing teachers who are alive and willing to 
put their soul into this work. The classes 
were ably led. Following is the faculty of 
the school: Adult Teacher, W. E. Rife. 
Young People, Tressie Huffman. Juniors, 
Stella Musselman. Primaries, Mrs. W. E. 

The pupils in this school numbered sixty 
and some of the best work was done with 
the folks from four to eight years of age. 
How they did like that book " The Magic 
Box." Now these folks at Roann are not 
unlike other church folks. Others can do as 
well as they have done if they will. And 
every church ought to. The charts of our 
mission fields and acquaintance made with 
our missionaries on the field and at home 
were very vital aids in making clear to 


The Missionary Visitor 


young and old just what our church is doing 
in a foreign missionary movement. 

On the evening of February 25 a com- 
mencement exercise was held in honor of 
those who had completed this course. Di- 
plomas were given to forty-eight graduates 
ranging in age from four to seventy years. 
It was a historical occasion for our District. 
The writer had the privilege of giving the 
address of the evening. The theme title used 
was "And Now What Shall We Do?" 

Plans are on foot already at Roann for a 
series of courses of this kind to alternate 
with expressional work during the Christian 
Workers' hour on Sunday evenings. Some 
future courses dreamed of are': Doctrines, 
District Survey, Trip thru Palestine, Church 
History, History of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, Church Government, Old Testament 
History, New Testament Times, Early 
Church History, etc. Won't that be fine? 


A Bethany Volunteer 

What infinite results come both sub- 
jectively and objectively in performing 
faithfully our duty as God's stewards of the 
things which he has intrusted into our 
hands. Just as we would account for, and 
handle, the money and property of another 
intrusted to us, so we are indebted to God 
for the handling aright of that with which 
he has blessed us. 

No one but the tith^r knows the joy that 
comes from paying back to God, that which 
is due him. Not only do we rejoice in know- 
ing that we are doing our duty, but also in 
seeing the kingdom advanced because of 
our investment. 

Is not the thing which we dispense unto 
the Lord a true index of our lives? Have 
you ever known anyone who was less happy, 
less generous, or less financially prosperous 
because he was a tither? " Give and it 
shall be given unto you, good measure 
pressed down, heaped up, shaken together 
and running over, will men give into your 
bosom." When we see the generosity of 
God it should beget in us a liberality that 
would in turn produce in others a similar 
response to him. " There is that which 
scattereth and increaseth yet more, and there 
is that which withholdeth more than is 
meet, but tendeth only to poverty. The 
liberal soul shall be made fat." 


This picture shows a Bible for the blind 
printed in American Braille by the American 
Bible Society. It requires nineteen volumes, 
weighs 150 pounds, and costs $75 to produce. 

The small volume held by the young lady 
contains a number of selected passages, such 
as the twenty-third Psalm, the fourteenth of 
St. John, the thirteenth of First Corinthians. 
It is available in New York Point, and Re- 
vised Braille. It weighs only -one pound, is 
small enough to be put into a man's over- 
coat pocket, and sells at a very small price. 
It is published by the American Bible So- 
ciety and is the first such volume ever pro- 
duced. The blind, as a rule, cannot meet the 
expense of these books, even when offered at 
cost. The society depends upon the gifts of 
Christian people to make possible this 
service of love. For further information 
write the American Bible Society, Bible 
House, Astor Place, New York, N. Y. 

" Knowledge unused for the good of 
others is worse than the miser's gold." 



The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Your name 
and address 


General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 

For Aunt Adalyn. 



Dear Aunt Adalyn; I don't see many 
letters from the boys, and I just hate to have 
the girls' get ahead of the boys, so now I 
am writing. In October I was playing foot- 
ball, and the next day I got sick. I was sick 
for six weeks. Now I am well enough to 
play and go to school. I am seven years 
old. We have a Junior society in our church. 
We get up special services and our church is 
full every time. We were going to have one 
just when I got sick and of course you 
know what a good time I missed. I have 
my third seal on my Sunday-school at- 
tendance certificate. Now I must close and 
tell some more boys to write. 

Denton Emmert. 

9 N. Penn St., Shippensburg, Pa. 

You are a brave little chap to wade right 
in among the girls like that. We don't want 
all hair-ribbons and sashes in our circle. A 
sprinkling of knickerbockers would be better 
for us all around. Girls, give Denton the 
Chautauqua salute! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I like the "Junior 
Missionary" so muth that I decided to join. 
I like to go to Sunday-school, and always 
like to attend regularly, but I was not there 
since the latter part of September on account 
of sickness. This afternoon four girls that 
belong to my Sunday-school class were here 
to see me. I am fourteen years old, and this 
is my first year at high school, but I went 
only three weeks because I was sick. I am 
sending the answer to a question in the Feb- 
ruary number: Queen Esther risked her life 
to save her people. Here is another question: 
How long did it take Noah to build the ark? 
I will give room for some one else. 

Your friend, 

Lebanon, Pa., R. 4. Rhoda F. Kreider. 

It takes a lot of patience to endure being 
" laid by " so long as that. I am sure all 
the boys and girls who haven't missed a 
day are feeling sorry for you. But when 
spring begins to laugh, then you'll be able to 
run again, won't you? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am sorry I have 
not written before. I did not know there 
was a Junior Missionary until I was looking 
through the Visitor. My grandmother be- 
longs to the Church of the Brethren at Har- 
risburg, and I go with her almost every 
time she goes. I enjoy it very much. I en- 
joyed the Brethren's Sunday-school outing 
very much. We live so far away from the 
church we can hardly wait till the Visitor 
comes. I wish some of the other Juniors 
would write me. I will now let some else 
step in. Youn. friend, 

Miriam Sweigart. 

436 Water St., New Cumberland, Pa. 

If you live on " W^ater Street," I infer 
there is a river not far away. Do you go to 
church by automobile, train, wheelbarrow 
or boat? Can you ride a bicycle? 

Dear Aunt 'Adalyn: I like to read the 
Junior Missionary letters, so I thought I 
would write too. I am nine years aid, and 
in the second year of Junior Sunday-school. 
For Christmas I got a -doll that walks and 
talks. I call her Nelly May. I have a pet 
goat. It sure likes to play. They have lots 
of goats out here. Do you like goat milk? 
And do you like to skate on roller skates? 
That's the only way they skate here. I have 
lived here only about a year, but I like it. 
How would you like to see the orange and 
lemon trees and eat what you like? I was 
raised in Wenatchee, Wash., on an apple 
ranch. Yours lovingly, 

La Verne, Calif. Thelma Ikenberry. 

I expect it would seem almost like an 
Eden to get into a fruit orchard and eat all 
I wanted. I love oranges. And apples too. 
But as to going roller-skating with you — 
please excuse me. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: When I looked at the 
Missionary Visitor and read the letters that 
the boys and girls wrote, I was sorry I did 
not write before. I like to read them. I am 
ten years old, and in the third grade. I like 
my teacher very much. I will try and write 
again. . Yours truly, 

Catlett, Va. Margaret Heddings. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Do you have far to school? What studies 
do you like best? Is your teacher a lady? 
What is the enrollment? Do you live in one 
of the " beautiful valleys " of Virginia I 
have heard about? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I wonder if there is 
any room in the circle for me? I love to 
read the Junior Missionary and solve the 
puzzles. I am thirteen years old and am in 
the eighth grade, I go to the Ogans Creek 
Sunday-school and to the Huntington coun- 
try church every first and third Sundays of 
the month, for my father is pastor there. 
It is ten miles from here. I have five sisters 
and two brothers. I welcome any one who 
wishes to come here on a visit. We have a 
pond where gravel was taken out of, , and 
it is a fine place to skate and slide. So come 
whenever possible — any one. I am sending 
the answers to the Jumbled Books of the 
Bible. I wish some one of the Juniors would 
write to me. Your loving niece, 

Madeline Gilbert. 

N. Manchester, Ind., R. 1. 

I should think some of the Juniors would 
be glad to visit yoUj^ven though the ice will 
be melted by the time they read this letter. 
But think of the green meadows and the 
berry-pickings ahead! I suppose you are 
planning to go to Manchester College be- 
fore long? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: Here I come agajn, 
to take up a small corner in the Junior Mis- 
sionary circle. First I want to thank you, 
Auntie, for your nice letter and also its con- 
tents. I appreciated it very much. I also 
want to«thank the girls that wrote to me; but 
I wish some more would write. The other 
week I got a letter from Lois Ebey, India. 
Here is a question: Who was the first trans- 
gressor? The name of our Sunday-school 
class is Sunshine Bearers. It consists of 
seven members. It is our aim to bring sun- 
shine to those who can not enjoy life as we 
can. Enclosed you will find February 
"Nuts" cracked. I hope they are correct. 
Your loving niece, 

Telford, Pa., R. 2. Beula Ziegler. 

I think we all notice a little more " sun- 
shine " since you came in. Our circle is like 
rubber — it stretches. But I would like to 
ask, did you ever see a " circle " that had a 
" corner "? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I wonder whether 
you and the other boys and girls will allow 
me in their circle. I love to read the Junior 
Missionary. I am eleven years old, and in 
the sixth grade at school. In our class at 
Sunday-school there are seven girls and four 
boys. I wish some of the other girls would 
write to me. I must close, so more will 
have room. Yours lovingly, 

Berlin, Ohio, Box 38. Alice Krieger. 

Well, you're "in," now, Alice,' and next 
time you write you must say " our " circle. 
Show this page to those boys in your class, 
and ask them if they will not write too. 
We're awfully scarce of boys. 

Bird-house Upset 

1. On rib. 10. X wigwan. 

2. Fog child. 11. Dr. one vib. 

3. Pap is rend. 12. Lier oo. 

4. K tin leg. 13. V. rib bled. 

5. Drest rat. 14. Has herrt. 

6. Ogre us. 15. D. crook weep. 

7. Cap line. 16. New R. 

8. Warr sop. 17. Elk crag. 

9. Heade cick. 18. Crayan. 

(Contributed by Nellie O. Moser) 

Hidden American Cities 

1. New York is a seaport; land touches 

2. The general's name was DeKalb; any- 
body knows that^ 

3. Say the word "cabal," Tim; or explain 

4. That bird is a " roc," he sternly said. 

5. Six guests were bidden; Vera couldn't 
' come. 

6. Sambo stoned the yellow, wild-looking 

7. When I saw the frantic mob, I left hur- 

8. She ought to wear a low heel in growing 

9. The trip was anything but pleasant; a 
fearful experience it proved. 

10. The guide in the grotto led Olive safely 

Cross Word 

My first is in tin, but not in brass. 
My next is in pane, but not in glass. 
My third is in house, but not in store. 
My fourth is in gate, but not in door. 
My fifth is in mirth, but not in joy. 
My sixth is in girl, but not in boy. 
My seventh is in certain, but not in sure. 
My eighth is in rich, but not in poor. 
My whole is a Bible character who stuck to 
his business. - 

(Answers next month) 

March Nuts Cracked 
Broken Church Furniture. — 1. Pulpit. 2. 
Table. 3. Chairs. 4. Carpet. 5. Pews. 6. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Plates. 7. Hymnals. 8. Bibles. 9. Chande- 
lier. 10. Clock. 

Hidden Countries. — 1. China. 2. India. 
3. Persia. 4. Tibet. 5. Sweden. 6. Norway. 

7. Denmark. 8. Italy. 9. Greece. 10. Cana- 

Curtailments. — 1. Charm-char. 2. Sink- 
sin. 3. Dawn-daw. 4. Prime-prim. 5. 
Marsh-Mars. 6. Kind-kin. 7. Hearth-heart. 

8. Fire-fir. 9. Tank-tan. 


Sometime ago, while visiting in a village, 
I met a little Daniel, not a whit behind the 
Daniel of the Bible in bravery. If there is 
any difference he excels him in courage and 
firmness. For we believe that Daniel had 
Christian training, and the little Daniel I 
want to write about has far from exemplary 
parents. His father is an habitual drinker. 
If he can possibly'get the stuff, he does not 
do a day without a strong drink. He wanted 
his boy to take a drink too, and the boy 
said, " No, I will not touch it." 

God bless the little boy, and let us pray 
that he will ever stick to his firm decision 
and not touch the destructive stuff. He at- 
tends the village mission school. So we 
hope he will grow up a young soldier of 
the Cross and use all his strength in rid- 
ding India of this great evil which causes so 
much misery and so many sad and unhappy 
homes, and which is a great hindrance to 
the Lord's work here. 

Dear young friends, remember and pray 
daily for this little Daniel who has a 
drunkard for a father. May the father even 
be rescued by his son is our prayer. — From 
an India Missionary. 

The late Dr. Lelacheur, of the Christian 
and Missionary Alliance, used to tell of tak- 
ing a caravan into the borders of Tibet. 
They were no better armed than Ezra's 
party (Ezra 8: 22), and in a defile in the 
mountains saw a robber band lined up on 
either side of the road. After prayer, they 
rode forward, through the array of pointed 
spears, while the liers-in-wait seemed to 
have been paralyzed in their attitude of 
menace, standing still, with spears still 
pointing across the way, until the mission- 
ary party passed out of sight. 

Moses Mitha and Maitha Mitha. Their mother is 
dead, but they have a fine stepmother. Their 
father is a nice man, a minister now. He worked 
for Stovers many years. Maitha is in high school, 
and Moses is in school too, but at Bulsar yet. He 
is a fine singer. He is so little, but is fourteen 
years old.— Photo sent by Kathryn Ziegler, Umalla, 


O sad-eyed April, 

With teary frown, 
Look how you're splashing 
Your fresh green gown! 
And yet you know, I'm certain, how to smile, 
Because the sun peeped out a little while. 

Dry up, my' April! 

I'd like a rest; 
Show us some color — 
A robin's vest! 
If you'll display a little jolly sense, 
I'll race you hurdles o'er the garden fence! 

A. H. B. 

" Please do not come here for the next two 
weeks. We like to have you come, but, you 
see, the next two weeks is our special time 
for thieving, and your message of Jesus 
creates in us a desire to be honest and right- 
eous. If you continue to come, we will not 
have the desire or the courage to steal." 
This was a request made by a robber tribe 
in India of a missionary. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tract Distribution. During the month of February, 
the Board sent out 1,527 tracts. 

Corrections. No. 11— See August, 1922 Visitor- 
Forward Movement 1922— N. E. Ohio, of the credit 
of $291.30 to Hartville, $97.72 has since been desig- 
nated for the support of Arma Brumbaugh in India. 

No. 12 — See March Visitor — Forward Movement, 

1922, of the $58.40 credit to New Windsor, E. Md... 
$35.00 has since been designated for support of an 
India orphan by the Primary Class of the Sunday- 

No. 13— See August, 1922 Visitor— Forward Move- 
ment 1922, So. Pa., Antietam, $665.00, of this sum 
$300.00 has since been designated for support of 
D. L. Forney in India. 

Conference Offering. The Conference (Forward 
Movement) offering for the year ending Feb. 28, 

1923, at this time stands as follows: 
Cash received all funds since March 1, 

1922, $224,054.27 

Pledges outstanding, 12,304.98 

Total, $236,359.25 

January Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during February: 

Arkansas — $2.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. M. Babb & 

daughter, $ 2 00 

California— $39.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $12; Ray Beekly 
& Wife (Empire) $25; Mrs. Walter Pence 

(Figarden) $2, 39 00 

Idaho— $12.13 

Cong.: Chloe Gross (Nampa) $2.13; Indv.: 

M. E. Bowers & Wife, $10, 12 13 

Illinois— $72.84 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, $58.34; 
Franklin Grove, $5; P. R. Keltner (M. N.) 
(Yellow Creek) $.50; O. D. Buck (M. N.) 
(Franklin Grove) $.50; Wm. R. Bratton 
(Mt. Carroll) $5; D. C. McGonigle (Sterling) 
$2.50, 71 84 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mary Hester (Girard), 1 00 

Indiana— $75.80 , 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Flora, $28; Walton Mis- 
sion (Upper Deer Creek) $25, 53 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: H. S. Bowers & Wife 
(Wakarusa) $10; C. W. S.: Plymouth, $12.80 22 80 

Iowa— $2.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: D. E, Hufford (Des 
Moines), 2 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Jasper E. Smith (M. N.) 

(English River), 50 

Kansas— $94.94 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Washington Creek, 5 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: N. Albin (Maple 
Grove) $5; C. W. S.: Maple Grove, $9.19, .. 14 19 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Bible Normal held at 

McPherson College & Church, 75 75 

Maryland— $63.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bush Creek, 43 70 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Henry Laughlin, ...... 20 00 

Michigan— $3.00 

Cong.: Zion, 3 00 

Missouri— $7.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, 7 00 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Indv. of Octavia Cong., 5 00 

North Carolina— $4.00 

Indv.: S. L. Smawley, 4 00 

North Dakota— $2.75 

Indv.: M. Snowberger, 2 75 

Ohio— $382.18 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton Center, $25; 

W. Nimishillen, $102.88; S. S.: W. Nimishil- 
Jen, $108.13 236 01 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove (Rome) 
$28; Pleasant View, $100; Emma Kyser 
(Lick Creek) $5, 133 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bradford, $10.17; Earl T. 

Helman (Sidney) $3, 13 17 

Pennsylvania— $601.82 

E. Dist., Cong.: Akron, $37.65; White Oak, 
$192.54; Elizabethtown, $200.88; Barry T. Fox 
(Peach Blossom) $.50; S. S.: Mt. Hope (Chi- 
ques) $5, 436 57 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary A. Kinsey (Dun- 
nings Creek) $10; H. M. Sell (Hollidays- 
burg) $.10; S. S.: Cherry Lane (Snake 
Spring) $3; Indv.: J. T. Smith & Wife, $2, 15 10 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Valley, $8.10; S. 
S. : Latimore (Upper Conewago) $6; Indv.: 
M. O. Myers, $5.50, 19 60 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, $16.63; Indv.: 
C. Eichenberger, $5, 21 63 

W. Dist., Cong.: Viewmont, $38; Rockton, 
$2; S. S. : Junior Boys' Class, Rummel, 
$13.50; Beginners' Class, Rummel, $14.80; 
Junior Girls' Class, Rummel, $12.62j Inter- 
mediate Boys' Class, Rummel, $28, 108 92 

Tennessee— $2.50 

Cong.: Mrs. T. A. Mooney (Meadow 

Branch), 2 50 

Virginia— $199.22 

E. Dist., Cong.: Nokesville, $11.91; Geo. 
W. Shaffer (Nokesville) $2, 13 91 

First Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy, $3.50; Lynch- 
burg, $5; Daleville, $25; Cloverdale, $28; 
Green Hill, $22; Mrs. E. B. Parker and 
daughter (Crab Orchard) $2; S. S.: Mt. Joy, 
$2.50; Troutville, $17.31, 105 31 

No. Dist., Cong.: Salem, $9.53; D. Frank 
Cave & Wife (Mt. Zion) $3; Indv.: No. 
63253, $2, ' 14 53 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Elk Run, $40.19; Mrs. 
Ida B. Showalter (Lebanon) $5; O. D. Sim- 
mons (Headwaters) $8; Indv.: Jacob D. 
Miller, $1.20, 54 39 

So. Dist., Cong.: Laurel Branch, 1108 

West Virginia— $18.90 

First Dist., Cong.: W. W. Bane (Beaver ; 
Run) $5; E. G. Bean & Family (Red Creek) 
$2; R. L. Byrd (Red Creek) $4; Indv.: P. F. 
Bowers, $2, 13 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, 5 90 

Total for the month, '. $ 1,589 28 

Total previously reported, 47,149 16 

Total for the year, $ 48,738 44 

Illinois— $16.00 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 
Bible School, $ 16 00 

Total for the month, '. $ 16 00 

Total previously reported, 1,387 70 

Total for the year, $ 1,403 70 

Illinois— $271.00 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 

Bible School, $ 271 00 

Indiana— $600.50 

Mid. Dist., Student Volunteers of Man- 
chester College, 600 50 

West Virginia— $10.00 

Sec. Dis., Cong.: Mary F. Miller (Beans 
Chapel), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 881 50 

Total previously reported, 2,789 43 

Total for the year, $ 3,670 93 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $218.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Pomona, $15; Long 
Beach, $33; La Verne, $150; Glendora, $20, .$ 
Idaho— $66.71 

Aid Societies, $61.21; Winchester, $5.50, .. 

Indiana— $146.50 

No. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Iowa— $167.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, $136; Fairview, 


Kansas — $234.50 

N. E. Dist., Aid Society, 

S. W. Dist., Aid Societies, $88.50; Eden 

Valley, $50 (furnishing room), 

Maryland— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Mt. Zion (Pleasant 


Michigan— $47.00 

Aid Societies, 

Nebraska— $9.00 

Aid Soc: Alvo, 

Ohio— $170.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 

Oregon— $43.00 

Aid Societies, 

Pennsylvania— $143.90 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Amwell, $5; Wil- 
mington, $5; First Philadelphia, $100 

Texas— $6.00 

Aid Soc: Ft. Worth 

Washington — $60.00 

Aid Societies, 

218 00 

66 71 

146 50 

167 00 

96 00 

138 50 

15 00 

47 00 

9 00 

170 00 

43 00 

33 90 

110 00 

6 00 

60 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,326 61 

Total previously reported, 3.534 48 

Total for the year, $ 4,86109 

Ohio— $50 00 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: A Sister of Buckeye 

City $ 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $16.65 

E. Dist., S. S.: Heidelberg 16 65 

Virginia— $44.10 

E. Dist., Dedication Service of Greene Co. 
School, 36 25 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Valley Bethel 5 85 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah J. Hylton (Coul- 
son), 2 00 

Total for the month $ 110 75 

Total previously reported, 884 73 

Total for the year, 


995 48 

Ohio— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Beech Grove (Chip- 
pewa), $ 30 00 

Pennsylvania— $1.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Upper Dublin 1 00 

Total for the month, $ . 31 00 

Total previously reported, 858 96 

Total for the year $ 


Iowa— $20.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Dallas 

Center), $ 

Virginia— $326.04 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wm. J. Gochenour 
(Valley Pike of Woodstock Cong.) (For the 
erection of " Gochenour Memorial Church), 

So. Dist., Cong.: Katie Bowman (Boone 

Washington— $50.00 

Cong.: A Brother & Family (Yakima), .. 

889 96 
20 00 

300 00 
26 04 
50 00 

Total previously reported, 
Total for the year, 

. 1,578 63 
.$ 1,974 67 

Nebraska— $60.00 

S. S.: Kearney, $ 60 00 

Ohio— $3.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Emma Kyser (Lick 
Creek), 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

63 00 
1,873 04 

Total for the year, $ 1,936 04 

Indiana— $18.50 

No. Dist.,-C. W. S.; Turkey Creek, $ 

So. Dist., S. S. : Arcadia, 

Missouri — $35.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Wakenda, 

Ohio— $17.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Bellefontaine, 

Pennsylvania— $178.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: In memory of Leach Ida 
Leiter (dec'd) (Elizabethtown) $17.50; S. S. : 
Intermediate Class, Hurnmelstown (Spring 
Creek) $4.25; R. B. Heisey's Class, Palmyra, 
$16.25; Aid Soc: White Oak, $35, 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Everett, 

So. Dist., S. S.: First York 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, $6.25; S. S. : 
Maple Glen, $17.50, 

To'al for the month, $ 

Tolal previously reported, 

17 50 
1 00 

35 00 
17 50 

Correction No. 12, 
Total for the year, 

73 00 
25 00 
57 00 

23 75 


249 75 
2,397 98 


2,647 73 

35 00 

2,682 73 

Colorado — $2.87 

W. Dist.. C. W. S.: First Grand Valley, ..$ 2 87 

Illinois— $75.00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: LaPlace (Okaw) $50; 

Indv.: Elmer M. Hersch & Wife, $25, 75 00 

Indiana— $75.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lona Swihart (Mexi- 
co) 25 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: First So. Bend, 50 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

X. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Ottawa, 25 00 

Missouri— $175.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Oscar Early & Wife 
(Rockingham) $50; Mary H. Williams 
(Smith Fork) $100; S. S.: "Sunbeam'.' 

Class, Smith Fork, $25, 175 00 

North Dakota— $50.00 

S. S.: "Beacon Light" Class, Minot, .... 50 00 

Ohio— $39.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: "Sunshine" Class, 
Lick Creek, 14 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleas- 
ant Hill), 25 00 

Oklahoma— $25.00 

Cong.: " Okla. Live Wire Union" (Big 
Creek, Guthrie, Paradise Prairie and Okla. 

City), 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $375.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: No. 63018 (Elizabethtown) 
$50; Aid Soc: Elizabethtown, $50, 100 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Williamsburg, $50; S. 
S.: Clover Creek, $50; Snake Spring, $50; 
" Sheaf Gatherers " Class, Roaring Spring, t ♦ 

$25, 175 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, $25; No. 
63157 (Brooklyn) $50 75 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: " Willing Helpers " Class, 
Diamondville (Manor), 25 00 

Total for the month, f. $ 

Total previously reported, 

841 87 
6,130 61 

Total for the month. 

.$ 396 04 

Total for the year, $ 6,972 48 


The Missionary Visitor 




Indiana — $85.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 


Total for the month $ 85 00 

Total previously reported, 65 75 

Total for the year, $ 150 75 

Illinois— $12.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Springfield, $ 12 00 

Total for the month, $ 12 00 

Total previously reported, 17 04 

Total for the year, : $ 29 04 

Indiana— $17.20 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale, $ 17 20 

Ohio— $17.00 

So. Dist., Junior Christian Endeavor Soc, 
Trotwood, 17 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

.$ 34 20 
404 98 

Total for the year, $ 439 18 

Ohio— $30.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Trotwood $ 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 30 00 

Total previously reported, 82 32 

Total for the year, $ 112 32 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: J. E. Young, $ 10 00 

Iowa— $20.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Dallas 

Center), 20 00 

Washington— $50.00 

Cong.: A Brethren Family (Yakima), .... 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 80 00 

Total previously reported 2,07184 

Total for the year, $ 2,151 84 


Kansas— $82.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: No. 62857 (Morrill), . .$ 7 50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: "Gospel Workers" 

Class, Quinter 75 00 

Oregon— $7.50 
Cong.: - No. 62858 (Portland), 7 50 

693 54 

Total for the month, $ 90 00 

Total previously reported, 603 54 

Total for the year, $ 

Illinois— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, $ 

Indiana— $4.09 
So. Dist., S. S.: Rossville 

Iowa— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Greene, .. 
Kansas— $3.40 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Elementary Dept., 


Maryland— $17.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Sams Creek, 

Pennsylvania— $3.12 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, 

10 00 

4 09 

6 25 

3 40 

17 50 

3 12 

Total for the month $ 44 36 

Total previously reported, 1,093 63 

Total for the year, .•$ 1,137 99 

Illinois— $10.00 
So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, $ 10 00 

4 10 

3 40 

8 87 
3 13 

Indiana— $4.10 

So. Dist., S. S.: Rossville, : 

Kansas — $3.40 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Elementary Dept., 


Ohio— $8.87 

N. E. Dist S. S.: "Good Samaritan" 
Class, E. Chippewa, $3.62; " True Blue " 

Class, E. Chippewa, $5.25, 

Pennsylvania — $3.13 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, 

Total for the month, $ 29 50 

Total previously reported, 503 64 

Total for the year 533 14 

California— $58.82 

So. Dist., Hermosa Beach, $ 58 82 

Illinois— $125.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Sterling, 25 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, $75; "Stand 

True & Ready " Class, Astoria, $25, 100 00 

Maryland— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Altruistic Bible Class." 

Hagerstown 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $75.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mechanic Grove, 25 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Glen, 50 00 

Virginia— $12.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: " Up-Streamers " Class, 
Oakton (Fairfax), 12 00 

Total for the month, $ 295 82 

Total previously reported, 2,200 77 

Total for the year, $ 2,496 59 

Indiana— $20.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary Brubaker (Man- 
chester) $10; Ida A. Brubaker (Manchester) 
$10, $ 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

20 00 

$ 20 00 

Arizona— $95.28 

S. S.: Glendale, $ 95 28 

California— $212.33 

No. Dist., Cong. & S. S.: Empire, 36 72 

So. Dist., Cong.: Belvedere, $107.92; First 
Los Angeles, $50; Mrs. Alice Vaniman (Pas- 
adena) $5; S. S.: Hemet, $12.69, 175 61 

Canada— $.30 

Indv.: Mrs. Ella Stutsman, - 30 

Colorado— $41.31 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Antioch, 8 25 

S. E. Dist., Cong. : Wiley, 32 06 

W. Dist., Cong.: A. A. Weaver (Grand 

Jet.), 1 00 

Florida— $114.27 

Cong. : Sebring, 114 27 

Idaho— $45.55 

Cong.: Bowmont, $13.25; Weiser, $22.30; 

Indv.: M. E. Bowers & Wife, *$10, 45 55 

Illinois— $95.31 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Grove, $2; 
Rock Creek, $5.50; Mrs. Anna Fry (Bethel) 
$5; S. S.: Waddams Grove, $1.80; Aid Soc: 
Waddams Grove, $44.75, 59 05 

So. Dist., Cong.: Coal Creek, $14; Wood- 
land, $19.56; S. S.: Champaign, $2.70, 36 26 

Indiana— $362.18 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ogans Creek, $19.10; 
Pipe Creek, $50; Huntingdon City, $17.90; A 
Friend (Huntington City) $2.50; S. S.: 
Pleasant Dale, $40.67 130 17 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $20.08; 
West Goshen, $126.43; Cedar Creek, $18; Ce- 
dar Lake, $25; S. S. : Rock Run, $22.50, .... 212 01 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mississinewa, 20 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Iowa— $172.63 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Dallas Center, $61.63; 
Ida E. Miller (Cedar Rapids) $25; Catharine 
Bluebaugh (Cedar Rapids) $10; J. K. Miller 
(Cedar Rapids) $75; Mrs. D. K. Miller (Dal- 
las Center) $1, 

Kansas— $17.27 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: Effie Steffey, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Quinter, 

Kentucky— $2.00 

Indv.: E. F. Reed & Wife, 

Maryland— $235.97 

E. Dist., Cong.: Long Green Valley, $15; 
Bush Creek, $43.70; Pipe Creek, $72.94; Lo- 
cust Grove, 7.51; Mrs. A. W. Ecker (Thur- 
mont) $5; S. S.: Edgewood (Pipe Creek) 
$22.52; " Royal Juniors " Class, Locust 
Grove, $5, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Welsh Run, $71; Indv.: 
Mrs. Minnie Rice, $5, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pine Grove, 

Michigan— $86.74 

Cong.: New Haven, $19.54; Zion, $12.10; 
Sugar Ridge, $25.03; Roy Winey (Detroit; 
$2.50; Katherine Rinehart (Battle Creek) 

$15; S. S.: Beaverton, $12.57, 

Minnesota— $55.39 

Cong.: Monticello, $2.39; Root River, $48; 

Mrs. G. R. Hahn (Root River) $5, 

Missouri— $15.00 

No. Dist.. Cong.: Perry Williams & Wife 
(Smith Fork), 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mary J. Mays (Cedar 


Montana— $8.70 

E. Dist., S. S.: Milk River Valley, $4.70; 

Union (Poplar Valley) $4, 

Nebraska— $31.20 

Cong.: Octavia 

North Dakota— $4.25 

Cong.: Brumbaugh, 

Ohio— $492.44 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Danville, $20.75; Eliza- 
beth Toms (Owl Creek) $5; Mrs. John Fet- 
ter (Wooster) $1; S. S.: Reading, $25; W. 
Nimishillen, $65.45; Aid Soc. : Reading, $10; 
Orrville (Wooster) $10, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Donnells Creek, $23.84; 
Trotwood, $44.24; McKinley, $106.45; Painter 
Creek, $73.16; Salem, $42.55; H. S. Chalfont 
(Beech Grove) $5; S. S.: Poplar Grove, $60, 
Oklahoma— $96.74 

Cong.: Washita, $51.74; Antelope Valley 
Church & Friends, $20; Aid Soc: Washita. 


Oregon— $44.94 

Cong.: Ashland, $12.25; Mabel, $7.42; New- 
berg, $10; A Friend (Newberg) $3; S. S. : 
Ashland, $12.27, 

Pennsylvania— $1,503.23 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mingo, $20.08; Little Sua- 
tara, $23.32; Spring Grove, $39.10; W. Green 
Tree, $10; Palmyra, $139.76; Hatfield, $7; 
Conestoga, $5; W. Conestoga, $121.35; Simon 
Lint (Springfield) $5; Miss E. M. Grosh 
(Lititz) $5; S. S. : Springfield, $15; Midway. 
$30; Middlecreek (W. Conestoga) $25; Kem- 
per's (Spring Grove) $4.20; Primary Dept.. 
Palmyra, $20.68; Palmyra, $145.72; Young 
Married Ladies' Bible Class, Spring Creek, 
$15; Shamokin, $5; Heidleberg. $20; Indian 
Creek, $25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Martinsburg (Clover 
Creek) $19.37; Fairview, $37.09; Dry Valley, 
$10.92; Bannersville (Dry Valley) $11; S. S. : 
Smithfield, $6.66; Martinsburg (Clover 
Creek) $5.36 

So. Dist., Hanover, $10; Lost Creek, $36.87; 
Falling Spring, $65.73; New Fairview, $150; 
A Sister (Hanover) $5; S. S.: Greenspring 
(Lost Creek) $7.10; Good Will (Lost Creek) 
$15.52; Brandt's (Back Creek) $14; Black- 
Rock (Upper Codorus) $19.15; Aid Soc: 
Bunkertown Jr. Ladies (Lost Creek), $3, .. 

S. E. Dist.. Cong.: Coventry, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Conemaugh (Johnstown) 

172 63 

1 00 
16 27 

2 00 

149 97 

76 00 
10 00 

86 74 

55 39 

10 00 

5 00 

8 70 

31 20 

4 25 

137 20 

355 24 

96 74 

44 94 

681 21 

90 40 

326 37 
10 00 

$10.09; Rummel, $135; Beachdale (Berlin) 
$16.76; Summit Mills, $10; Viewmont, $48.25; 
Walnut Grove (Johnstown) $18; John L. 
Daily & Wife (Walnut Grove — Johnstown) 
$50; J. C. Ankeny (Ligonier) $3; J. W. 
Rummel & Wife (Quemahoning) $15; W. H. 
Blough & Wife (Cjuemahoning) $3; S. S. : 
Pike Run (Middle Creek) $8.50; Pleasant Hill 
(Middle Creek) $20.11; Ten Mile, $10; Pur- 
chase Line (Manor) $22.29; " Willing Work- 
ers " Class, Berkey (Shade Creek) $15; 

Montgomery, $10.25, 395 25 

South Dakota— $39.25 

S. S.: Willow Creek, $33; S. S. at Blunt, 

$6.25, 39 25 

Tennessee— $5.00 

S. S. : Knob Creek, 5 00 

Virginia— $298.05 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Herman (Midland), .. 8 25 

First Dist., Cong.: Selma, $10.67; S. S. : 
Green Hill, $34.17; Aid Soc: Cloverdale, $25, 69 84 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Run (Cooks 
Creek) $15.28; A Brother, Sister and Chil- 
dren (Woodstock) $7; S. S. : Pine Grove 
(Greenmount) $2 24 28 

Sec Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $120.51; 
Lebanon, $37; G. B. Flory (Bridgewater) 
$4.50; Dr. J. D. Miller & Wife (Bridge- 
water) 4.50; S. S.: Oak. Grove (Lebanon) 
$11.17, ; 177 68 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fraternity, $10; Mrs. 

Isaac Hooker (Smith River) $8, 18 00 

Washington— $174.45 

Cong.: Yakima, $41.45; A Brethren 
Family (Yakima) $100; S. S. : Spokane, $3; 

Aid Soc: Seattle, $30, 174 45 

West Virginia— $16.43 

First Dist., S. S. : Harness Run (Beaver 

Run & Knobley) 16 43 

Wisconsin— $11.16 

Cong.: Maple Grove, $5; S. S.: White 
Rapids, $6.16, 11 16 

Total for the month, $ 4,277 37 

Total previously reported, 13,873 36 

Total for the year 18,150 73 

California— $20.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena $ 20 00 

Indiana— $23.42 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, SJ0; 

Pleasant View, $13.42 23 42 

Michigan— $5.00 

Cong. : Thornapple, 5 00 

Ohio— $30.01 

N. E. Dist.. Cong.: Chippewa, $5.01; Aid 

Soc : Ashland, $25, 30 01 

Oklahoma— $4.36 

S. S. : Oklahoma City, $2.36; Indv.: Leora 

M. Wales, $2, 4 36 

Pennsylvania— 18.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. H. B. Winey (Lost 
Creek) 10 00 

W. Dist.. Indv.: J. Clark Brillhart 8 00 

Virginia— $6.42 

So. Dist., S. S.: Spray, 6 42 

Total for the month $ 107 21 

Total previously reported, 1,266 11 

Total for the year $ 1,373 32 

California— $109.77 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 63328 (Laton), ...,$' 5 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena, $88.07; S. S. : 

San Diego, $9; Tropico, $7 70 104 77 

Colorado— $18.10 

W. Dist., Cong.: First Grand Valley, 18 10 

Illinois— $33.30 

No. Dist.. Cong.: Rock Creek, $5.50; S. S.: 
Waddams Grove, $1.80, 7 30 

So. Dist , Cong.: La Motte Prairie, 26 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana— $369.78 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, $9.75; 
Manchester, $194.38; Mexico, $72.24; A Friend 
(Huntington City), $2.50, 278 87 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, 75 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rossville, 15 91 

Iowa— $7.58 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Iowa River, 7 58 

Kansas— $7.70 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Belleville, 7 70 

Michigan— $46.87 

Cong.: Crystal, $12.87; Woodland Valley, 
$13; S. S.: Thornapple, $16; Indv.: An Old 

Order Mennonite Brother, $5, 46 87 

Minnesota— $2.40 

Cong. : Monticello, 2 40 

Missouri— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary M. Cox (War- 

rensburg), 2 00 

Ohio— $47.72 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton Center, $10; 
Chippewa, $5.01, 15 01 

So. Dist., Cong.: Eversole, $20.71; S. S. : 
Cedar Grove (Prices Creek) $7; Aid Soc. : 

New Carlisle, $5, ; 32 71 

Oklahoma— $2.36 

S. S.: Oklahoma City, ' 2 36 

Oregon— $22.00 

Cong. : Mabel, 22 00 

Pennsylvania— $315.47 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mingo, $20.09; Miss E. M. 
Grosh (Lititz) $5; S. S.: Quakertown 
(Springfield) $16.29; Aid Soc: Spring Creek, 
$10, 51 38 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Martinsburg (Clover 
Creek) $19.38; S. S.: Smithfield, $6.66; Mar- ' 
tinsburg (Clover Creek) $5.35, 31 39 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, $16.64; Par- 
kerford, $63; Coventry, $117.72; 197 36 

W. Dist., Cong.: Conemaugh (Johnstown) 
$10.09; Mrs. M. S. Peck (Geiger) $5; S. S. : 

Rockton, $10; Montgomery^ $10.25, 35 34 

Virginia— $139.66 

E. Dist., Nokesville, $10.42; S. S.: Holly- 
wood, $9.82; Aid Soc: Mt. Herman (Mid- 
land), $10, 30 24 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Cloverdale, 25 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Timberville, $41.66; S. 
S.: Mt. Zion (Greenmount), $21.51, 63 17 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Sangerville 13 25 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Young Folks Bible 

Class" Brick (Gefmantown), 8 00 

Washington— $8.88 

S. S.: Outlook, 8 88 


Cong.: Chippewa Valley, $8.35; Aid Soc: 
Chippewa Valley, $5.10, 13 45 

Total for the month, $ 1,147 04 

Total previously reported, 2,479 70 

Total for the year, $ 3,626 74 

California— $61.64 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waterford, $ 6164 

Idaho— $47.18 

Cong. : Fruitland, 47 18 

Illinois— $104.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, 8100 

So. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (LaMotte 
Prairie) $3; S. S.: Centennial (Okaw) $20.50 23 50 

Indiana— $154.11 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Wabash, $11; Markle, 
$8; W. Eel River, $13; S. S. : Bachelor Run, 
$25, 57 00 

No. BVst., Cong.: Yellow Creek, $39.88; 
Mrs. Amos Sheets (Union Center) $2.50; S. 
S.: Tippecanoe, $5.55; Baugo, $10.08; Second 
So. Bend, $13.75, 71 76 

So. Dist., S. S.: Arcadia, $4.28; Locust 

Grove, $21.07, 25 35 

Iowa— $217.66 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Garrison, $34; Brook- 
lyn, $9.29; S. S.: Muscatine, $11.34; Dry 

Creek, $28.31 82 94 

No. Dist., Cong.: Grundy Co., $105; Kings- 
ley, $19.54, 124 54 

So. Dist., Cong.: Liberty ville, 10 18 

Kansas— $40.65 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Lone Star, $10.65; S. 
S.: Overbrook, $17, 27 65 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove, 13 00 

Maryland — $66.14 

E. Dist., Cong.: Denton, $27.32; Beaver 
Dam, $6.25; Long Green Valley, $9.57; Mer- 

cersburg (Welsh Run) $23, 66 14 

Michigan— $59.63 

Cong.: Lake View, $18; Grand Rapids, $22; 
Zion, $3; S. S. : Shepherd, $15.63; Indv. :- - 

Unknown donor of Brutus, $1 59 63 

Missouri — $8.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Broadwater, 8 00 

Ohio— $160.75 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Friends (Wooster), .. 2 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Silver Creek, $66.02; 
S. S. : Lima, $25, 91 02 

So. Dist., Cong.: Troy, $11.08; Springfield, 
$8; W. Charleston, $32; Unknown Sister 
(Sidney) $1; S. S. : Toms Run (Sugar Hill). 

$15.65, 67 73 

Oregon— $38.67 

Cong.: Myrtle Point, $11.22; Albany, $10; 
S. S.: Evergreen (Myrtle Point) $17.45, .... 38 67 

Pennsylvania — $456.58 

E. Dist., Cong.: Indian Creek, $113; Rich- 
land, $75; Ephrata, $24.53; S. S. : Ephrata, 
$104.05; Salunga (E. Petersburg) $30, 346 58 

Mid. Distr., S. S.: Cherry Lane (Snake- 
spring) $12; Rockhill (Aughwick) $10, 22 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Codorus, 20 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Wilmington, 5 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Middle Creek, $43; S. S. : 

Sipesville, $20, : 63 00 

Virginia— $222.97 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, $5; Mt. 
Grove 'Chapel (Mt. Carmel) $2.25, 7 25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $7.83; S. 
S.: Bethlehem (South Fork) $29; Valley 
Pike (Woodstock) $20.75; Cong. & S. S. : 
Flat Rock, $32.28, 89 86 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch. $48.60; Bethle- 
hem, $45; Germantown, $32.26, 125 86 

Washington— $8.36 

Cong. : Sunnyside, 8 36 

West Virginia— $73.88 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, $71.17; 
S. S. : Bethel (White Pine) , $2.71, 73 88 

Total for the month, $ 1.720 72 

Total previously reported, 1,782 33 

Total for the year, $ 3.503 05 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc. : White Oak, $ 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 14 00 

Total for the year, $ 24 00 

China— $25.00 

Cong.: W. Harlan Smith and Wife (Shou ~ 
Yang), 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 104 70 

Total for the year, $ 129 70 

Alabama— $6.40 

Cong. : Fruitdale, $ 6 40 

California— $64.62 

No. Dist., S. S.: Laton, $7.81; Reedley, 
$25, . ; 32 81 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, 3181 

China— $25.00 

Cong.: W. Harlan Smith & Wife (Shou 


The Missionary Visitor 



Idaho— $40.98 

S. S. : Boise Valley 

Illinois— $53.76 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waddams Grove 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. M. VanSyckle (Coal 
Creek) $4; R. D. Deirdorff (Romine) S10; S. 

S.: Woodland, $14.75, 

Indiana— $173.88 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View, $30.12; 
Mexico, $25; Walton, $5; Pleasant Dale, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Amos Sheets 
(Union Center) $2.50; S. S. : "Shining 
Lights" Class, No. Winona, $5; Plymouth. 
$20; " Women's Christian Service " Class, 

Goshen City, $30, 

Iowa— $12.45 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Beginners Class, Dallas 
Center, $7.10; Sisters' Bible Class, Dallas 

Center, $5.35, 

Kansas— $22.87 

N. E. Dist.. S. S.: "Gospel Workers" 
Class, Navarre 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Hutchinson. 

Maryland— $271.47 

E. Dist., S. S. : Westminster (Meadow- 
Branch) $38.32; Washington City, $85.40; 
Green Hill, $25; Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Hagerstown. S87.75; 

Broadfording (Welsh Run; $30. 

Michigan— $5.00 

S. S. : Rodney, 

Missouri— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv. : Lizzie Fahnestock 

Nebraska— $17.15 

S. S. : Omaha, 

North Dakota— $1.60 

Egeland Junior Band, 

Ohio— $387.77 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey. $28.57; 
S. S. : Canton Center, $20.54; Wingioot 
Corner (Springfield) $7; S. S.'s of District. 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Triangle" Class, Troy, 
Oregon— $4.07 

C. W. S.: Grants Pass (Williams) 

Pennsylvania— $725.71 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, $25; Lizzie Will 
(Elizabethtovvn) $10; S. S.: Heidleberg, $20; 
Indian Creek. $27.44; So. Annville (Annville) 
$22; Richland. $50; Spring Creek, $71.36; C. 
W. S. : Lancaster, $50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bellwood. $6.13; Fran- 
cis Baker (Everett) $100; S. S. : Koontz. 
$10; Replogle (Woodbury) $20 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Waynesboro, $231; S. S.: 
Carlisle. $33.72 

W. Dist.. Cong.: Yiewmont, $18.51; Indi- 
vidual iRummt!) $5; S. S. : Berkey (Shade 
Creek) $15.55; "Willing Workers" Class, 
Berkey (Shade Creek), $10, 

Tennessee— $15.00 

S. S. : Knob Creek, $5; Limestone. $10, .. 

Virginia— $92.16 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Character Builders" 
Class, Belmont 

First Dist.. Aid Soc. : Cloverdale 

Xo. Dist.. S. S.: Garbers (Cooks Creek) 
$12.50; Mt. Zioffl (Greenmount) $10.78; Class 
No. 3, Greenmount, $10.45; Greenmount, 

Sec. Dist.. Cong.: Mrs. Ida B. Showalter 
(Lebanon) $5; C. W. S. : Intermediate, 
Bridgewater. $3 

Washington— $17.83 

Long.. Spokane, $12.53; S. S. : "Lambs of 

the Fold" Class, Sunnyside, $5.30 

West Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., S. S. : Furnace Chapel (Old 

25 00 
40 98 
25 01 

28 75 
116 38 

57 50 

12 45 

16 87 
6 00 

153 72 

117 75 

5 00 

5 00 

17 15 

1 60 

372 77 
5 00 
in 00 

4 07 


136 13 

264 72 

49 06 

15 00 

10 00 
20 00 

54 16 

8 00 

17 83 

5 00 

Wisconsin— $3.22 

Cong. : Worden .' 3 22 

Total for the month, $ 1,950 94 

Total previously reported, 14,437 43 

Total for the year, $ 16,388 37 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Alice Yaniman 

(Pasadena), $ 5 00 

Illinois— $13.43 

So. Dist., S. S. : W'oodland, 13 43 

Indiana— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong. : Oak Grove, 5 00 

Iowa— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Dallas 

Center), 10 00 

Maryland— $1.00 

Cong.: Brother Johnson, colored (Wash- 
ington City), 1 00 

Ohio— $51.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Hartville, 50 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleas- 
ant Hill), 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $6.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: W. A. Withers (Eliza- 
bethtown), 6 50 

Total for the month $ 91 93 

Total previously reported, 1,484 84 

Total for the year, $ 1.576 77 

Illinois— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: LaMotte Prairie, $ 5 00 

Washington— $20.00 

Cong. : Sunnyside, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported 19,412 11 

Total for the year, $ 19,437 11 

California— $41.57 

No. Dist., Cong.: Golden Gate $ 25 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Inglewood, 16 57 

Canada— $32.00 

Cong. : Fairview 32 00 

Illinois— $1,019.87 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Chicago, $463.16; Dixon, 
$148; Franklin Grove, $178.66; Freeport, 
$43.44; Hickory Grove, $27.96; D. C. Mc- 
Gonigle (Sterling) $12.50; Yellow Creek, 
$17.15 890 87 

So. Dist., Cong.: Astoria, $19; Woodland, 

$110 129 0C 

Indiana— $959.26 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Bachelors Run, $47; 
Plunge Creek Chapel, $13; W. Manchester, 
$158; S. S.: W. Manchester, $30, 248 00 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Bremen, $10; Elkhart 
City, $67; Oak Grove, $167.42; Xappanee, 
$67.84; New Paris, $225; Rock Run, $35; 
Wakarusa, $90, 662 26 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mississinewa, $24; Fred 

A. Replogle (Pyrmont), $25, 49 00 

Iowa— $376.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: O. C. Long (Cedar 
Rapids), 10 0C 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, 366 00 

Kansas— $231.13 

N. E. Dist.. Cong.: Topeka 27 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong., Belleville, 40 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.:. McPherson, 164 13 

Maryland— $1,290.38 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Bethany, $50.60; Locust 
Grove, $70.30; Washington City, $199; Annie 
R. Stoner (Pipe Creek) $100, 419 90 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Pleasant View, 870 48 

Michigan— $66.00 

Cong.: Elsie, $21; Grand Rapids, $45, 66 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Minnesota— $69.00 

Cong.: Lewiston, $19; Root River, $50, ... 69 00 

Missouri— $80.33 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, 80 33 

Ohio— $2,104.81 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $24.75; 
Bethel, $37.05; Black River, $52.50; Bristol- 
ville, $19.24; Beech Grove (Chippewa) 
$179.66; Goshen, $50; Jonathan Creek, 
$214.56; Mohican, $8.60; Owl Creek, $26; 
Richland, $126.10; Springfield, $50; Wooster, 
$21, - 809 46 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Bellefontaine, $13.60; 
Eagle Creek, $158.03; Green spring, $48; 
Lima, $142; Sugar Creek, $33; Swan Creek, 
$54.15, 448 78 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $29.24; Beech 
Grove, $30; Donnells Creek, $107.44; - Harris 
Creek, $400.76; Painter Creek, $49; Poplar 
Grove, $58.50; Prices Creek, $16.03; Salem, 
$16; Sugar Hill, $136; Indv.: B. F. Petry, 

$3.60, 846 57 

Pennsylvania— $634.38 

E. Dist., Cong.: Palmyra, $44; Spring 
Creek, $38.75, 82 75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $28.50; Spring 
Run, $11, 39 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Upper Cumberland, $10; 
Amelia Boone (Sugar Valley) $3, 13 00 

S. E. Dist.. Cong.: Brooklyn, 150 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Brothers Valley, $12; 
Maple Glen, $87.13; Scalp Level, $126.50; S. 

S. : Elk Lick, $123.50, 349 13 

Virginia— $1,343.60 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, $30; Nokes- 
ville, $21.34; Valley, $6.29, 57 63 

First Dist., Cong.: Peters Creek, $68.10; 
Smith's Chapel, $30; Individual, $5, 103 10 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks CreeTc, $8.75; Flat 
Rock, $5; Mill Creek, $68; Unity, $118.50, ... 200 25 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, $711.12; 
Mt. Vernon, $17.50; Pleasant Valley, 
$254, 982 62 

Total for the month, ; $ 8,248 33 

Total previously reported, :. 60,624 54 

68,872 87 
Corrections No. 11, 12, 13, 432 72 

Total for the year, $ 68,440 15 

California— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister 

(Pomona), 10 00 

Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Sterling, 10 00 

Ohio— $15.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, $5; Mrs. 
S. H. Vore (Lima) $5, 10 00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Harris Creek, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 35 00 

Total previously reported, 177 00 

Total for the year, $ 212 00 

Minnesota— $25.00 

Cong.: Mrs. J. E. Burkholder (Monti- 
cello), $ 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 107 96 

Total for the year, $ 132 96 

Canada— $646.48 

Bow Valley Cong., $356.97; Bow Valley S. 
S., $42.09; Bow Valley C. W. S., $247.42 for 

Fred M. Hollenberg, 646 48 

Idaho & W. Mont.— $164.39 

C. W. Societies for Anetta C. Mow, 164 39 

Illinois— $884.00 

No. 111. & Wis. S. S.'s for Kathryn Garner, 182 00 

So. Dist., Frank Hufford of Cerro Gordo 

Cong, for Eliza B. Miller, $2; Virden Cong, 
for Chalmer G Shull, $450; Cerro Gordo S. 
S. for Dr. A. R. Cottrell, $225; Woodland S. 

S. for Eliza B. Miller, $25, 702 00 

Indiana— $723.00 

Mid. Dist., Manchester College S. S. for 
Laura J. Shock, 200 00 

No. Dist., S. S.'s for Mary Stover, Mary 
Schaeffer and Minerva Metzger, $258; Tip- 
pecanoe S. S. for Minerva Metzger, Mary 
Schaeffer and Mary Stover, $40, 298 00 

So. Dist., Locust Grove S. S. (Nettle 

Creek) for Ina M. Kaylor, 225 00 

Kansas— $1,500.00 

S. E. Dist., G. E. Shirkey of Verdigris 
Cong, for E. H. Eby, 600 00 

S. W. Dist., J. D. Yoder of Monitor 
Cong, for Lulu Ullom and Myrtle Pollock, 900 00 
Maryland — $258.20 

E. Dist., Edgewood S. S. (Pipe Creek) for 
W. B. Stover, 34 00 

Mid. Dist., Hagerstown Y. P. S. for Vida 

M. Wampler, 224 20 

Nebraska— $30.00 

Bethel Cong, for Raymond C. Flory, $ 30 00 

Ohio— $2,133.33 

N. E. Dist., E. Nimishillen S. S. for Anna 
B. Brumbaugh, $225; Jonathan Creek Mis- 
sionary Committee for A. D. Helser, $53.55; 
Hartville Cong, for Anna B. Brumbaugh, 
$127.28, 405 83 

So. Dist., Trotwood Cong, for Elizabeth 
Oberholtzer, $190; Four Congs. for Hazel C. 
Sollenberger, $225; So. Dist. S. S.'s for J. M. 
Pittenger, O. C. Sollenberger and Elizabeth 

Baker, $1,312.50, 1,727 50 

Pennsylvania— $2,692.50 

E. Dist., Peach Blossom Cong, for Anna 
Hutchison, $150; Chiques Cong, for Alice 
Graybill, $180, 330 09 

Mid. Dist., Francis Baker of Everett 
Cong, for Feme H. Coffman, $37.50; Everett 
Cong, for Dr. Carl Coffman, $150, 187 50 

So. Dist., Rec. No. 63105 (Upper Cone- 
wago) for Ermal Blickenstaff, $450; 
Waynesboro Cong, for Lizzie N. Flory, 
$150, 600 00 

W. Dist., Rummel Cong, for Anna Z. 
Blough, $112.50; Shade Creek Cong, for 
Anna Z. Blough, $112.50; W. Dist. S. S.'s 
for Ida Shumaker, Olive Widdowson and 

Grace Clapper, $1,350.00, 1,575 00 

Virginia— $1,482.28 
E. Dist., H. F. Myers of Fairfax Cong. 

for Minor M. Myers, 300 00 

First Dist., Troutville S. S. for Rebecca C. 

Wampler, * 50 00 

No. Dist., Mary E. Myers of Timberville 
Cong, for Minor M. Myers, $60; No. Dist. 
S. S.'s for Dr. Fred J. Wampler, $130; No. 
Dist. Congs. for I. S. Long & Wife, $215.25. 405 25 

Sec. Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $50; Elk Run Cong, for Sara Z. 
Myers, $2.03; Bridgewater S. S. for Norman 
A. Seese, $225; Pleasant Valley S. S. for 
Edna R. Flory, $450, , 727 03 

Total for the month, $ 10.514 18 

Total previously reported, 35.716 53 

46.230 71 
Corrections Nos. 11 and 13, 397 11 

Total for the year, $ 46,628 43 

In 1916 alone America expended $328,809,- 
999 for religious work at home and abroad 
through its 227,487 religious organizations. 
Religion is not a negligible element in 
America, even in market terms. — Dr. Wal- 
ter Laidlaw, Statistician. 

»J» 'J,* *f* *V *♦**♦* V *** *4^V * 


• * 



♦ » 




Supported in whole or in part by funds administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 

Bronderslev, Denmark 

• Esbensen, Niels, 1920 

• Esbensen, Christine, 1920 

Friisgatan No. 1, MalmS, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, I. F., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eli:. W., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca G, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language 

School, Pekin, China 
Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Homing, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Miller, Valley, 1919 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Seese, Norman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 1917 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 

Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M.. 1919 

Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning 
Canton, China 

• Gwong, Moy, 1920 
On Furlough 

Blickenstaff, M : itS, 1921 

Quinter, Fans 
Blickenstaff, ^rmal. 1921 

Quinter, K^ns. 
Rider, Bessie If., Elizabeth 

town. Pa. 
Shock, Laura J., Hunting 

ton, Ind., R. D. 
Senger, Nettie M., 57 Farm 

ington Ave., Hartford 

Wampler, Ernest M., Port 

Republic, Va. 
Wampler, Vida A., Port 

Republic, Va. 

Lagos, care of C. M. S., 
Nigeria, West Africa 

Kulp, H. Sto- er, 1922 
Helser, A. D , 1922 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 
Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam, l*X) 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmc- G., 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Effie V., 1903 
Miller, Eliza B . 1900 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J . 1903 
Wolfe, L. Mae, 1922 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler. Jennie, 1916 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 1<*23 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Hollenberg, Fred M„ 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 
Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 1908 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Replogle, Sara G., 1919 

On Furlough 

Holsopple, Q. A., Hunting 
don, Pa., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Huntingdon, Pa., 1911 

Mow, Anetta, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 
Monticello, Minn., 1915 

Ross, A. W., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester. Ind., 1904 

Detained beyond furlough 

Pittenger, J. M., Hunting- 
don, Pa., 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Hun- 
tingdon, Pa., 1904 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 
111., 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., 1894 

Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 1916 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Vir- 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger. Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 


Red Cloud. Nebraska 

Eshelman. E. E., 1922 

Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horrur, W. J., 1922 

Greer e County, Pirkey, Vlr- 
gir a 

Dn-.-r, C. M., 1922 

Brcilwater, Dexter, Mie- 
s' ».ri 

Fii oer, E. R., 1922 

Native workers trained in America. 

Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c tor each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 



" Every Man to His Post" 

^TT If we were only able to M broadcast M this to reach every 
^11 member of the Church of the Brethren within the three 
corners : from Florida to Canada to California. 

MT{ May, 1923, is Financial Month, to raise by subscription 
*]] and cash the 1 923 Forward Movement Budget of $435,508 
(about 80% for home and foreign missions, balance for help 
to our schools and our several national Boards and Commit- 

Every Member Must Be Reached 

1. By the Rvery Member Canvas*. 

2. Bach individual should have opportunity to do hig part 

3. The "pass the hat" way of raising funds, when only a part of the 
dmrch helps, will not care for the nearly one-half million dollars 
certainly required annually for our national and world-wide church in- 
terests, although the casual offerings de help considerably. 

4. But $2.00 raised per member last year, for our general church interests, 
must be more than doubled in 1923 to avoid disaster. (The General 
Mission Board is now practically without mission funds.) A Pittsburgh 
sister, a washerwoman, herself gave nearly twice what the average 
member gave. How? By systematically "laying aside" a penny a day 
for the Lord. Will "Every Member" do less in 1923? 

5. The solution of our financial problem is " The Every Member Canvass," 
whereby every church will be organized with sufficient teams of two 
to visit every member " at his post " and ask him to do his duty by 
subscribing his reasonable share ef the $435,500.00 Budget, payable on 
or before February 28, 1924 — in fact paying in " as the Lord prospers." 

NOTICE: Our pledge cards especially provide that if within the year reverses come 
the pledges may be cancelled without reflection on the good faith of the pledger. " Every 
member can only give as he prospers and as he can do so cheerfully. 

6. Every " man at his post " before subscribing will have explained to 
him by the visiting team the needs requiring $435,500.00. A well illus- 
trated prospectus describing these needs will be supplied from Elgin 
headquarters in sufficient quantities to supply " every member." 


Write us at once. State how many M prospectuses M you 
can use in the May financial effort so every member will get 
one and be intelligently informed as to why $435,500 is needed. 


Elgin, Illinois 


Chuvcltv of the brethren 

Vol. XXV 

May, 1925 

No. 5 



The Church of the Brethren in recognition of God's goodness and 
her responsibility to his work asks its members to pay $435,500 
to its Forward Movement work during this year. MAY 
is the month for all members to pledge their alle- 
giance to the church. 

The WORK of the CHURCH is the work of LOVE 

Let us prove our love to God by investing in His work — 
the work of the church. 



. t- -*--♦--•--»--!- -I- -i--l- -*--l--l--l--l--t- -t. -l- -1. .1. 1 -t. »* 







H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. 
OTHO WINGER. Vice- President, North Man 

Chester. Ind. 
CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting Genera 

Secretary, Elgin, 111. 

J. J. VODER, McPherson. Kans. 
A. P. B LOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

All correspondence for the Boai 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 


If. SPENSER MINN1CH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. Z1GLER, Home Mission Secretary. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

hould be addressed to Elgin. 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one "individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or mere, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage IS cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin. Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 



The Share Plan Opens the Doors 


and let the light of Jesus shine on 
the children of India and China? 

TICAL METHOD whereby Sunday- | 
schools and individuals can do mis- ! 
sionary work and receive regular re- J 
ports from the field where their | 
money is being used. 

Write for information 


Church of the Brethren 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Beard 

Volume XXV 

MAY, 1923 

No. 5 




The Calgary Missionary Offering, 130 

The Missionary's Message, By B. F. Summer, 132 

The Missionary's Diversions, By Ella Ebbert, 133 

Young People's Work in Sweden, By Ida Buckingham, 135 

Our First Service in Nigeria, By H. Stover Kulp, 135 

Student Activities in China, By I. E. Oberholtzer, 136 

Is Christ Able? By E. H. Eby, 139 

A Native Son of India Speaks, By Leo Lillian Wise, 140 

January Notes from India, By Ellen H. Wagoner, 140 

China Notes for February, By Mrs. M. M. Myers, 142 


The Detroit Chinese Sunday-school, By M. B. Williams, 144 

What I Saw in Piney Woods, By Kenneth Smith, 145 

Our Industrial School in Greene Co., Virginia, By Mrs. A. F. Bollinger, 147 


Missionary News, 149 

Our Book Department, 150 


By the Evening Lamp, 151 

Bring the Nut Cracker, 153 

The Indian Widow (Poem), By Nora E. Berkebile, 154 



Can a Farmer Tithe — Why Should He? 

One farmer who tithes says, " As a tiller 
of the soil I must acknowledge that God di- 
rectly enters into and is largely responsible 
for all the process of crop production, not 
excepting even the labor of my hands. As 
a Christian I must believe that I am not my 
own; I have been bought with a price. 
Therefore I and all that I produce belong to 
God. According to the Word of God I am 
God's steward (or trustee) and as such I 
should be willing to place all that I possess 
at his disposal, confident that he will put 
no unreasonable demands upon me." 

A common difficulty is found in the ina- 
bility of the farmer to know what his in- 
come will be. One farmer has solved this 
problem to his satisfaction by tithing on the 
basis of his previous year's income which he 
ascertains by keeping accurate records. 

Still some farmers find it so difficult to 
figure that they do not attempt it. About 
the easiest way to answer such folks is to 
ask if a farmer could figure a tenth of his 
income if the church were to pay him a 
tenth provided he could figure how much it 
would be. 

A farmer should tithe his net income. 
This of course is difficult to determine to 
the cent, but by keeping simple records a 
farmer can know app oximately how much 
gross income he receives and from this sub- 
tract all expenses of farm operation. Not 
his personal living. 

Prayer and Mission Finance. In the early 
days of the China Inland Mission, Mr. Hud- 
son Taylor, its founder, was asked to ad- 
dress a large missionary gathering at Exe- 
ter Hall, London. The invitation was ac- 

130 The Missionary Visitor May 

The Board's Annual Appeal 

Not everybody will be able to go to the Calgary Annual Conference. 
This is one of the disadvantages of a location that is not central. But we 
can all be represented in our gift to the onward march of faith and truth. Be 
present in person, if possible; but if not, make some gift to the work in P ro ~ 
portion to your appreciation of Christ and the church and your ability to give. 
We submit the following seven reasons why we should do our best this year 
for this great cause: 

/. To all nations and every creature, is the last definite command of 
our Lord and the first great work of. the church. Let us do our best. 

2. It is the first year that our Conference assembles outside of the United 
Slates. Our offering should be world-wide in spirit, vision and amount. 

3. We are spending much more for ourselves. High prices make this 
necessary; but increased comforts and conveniences are the chief reasons. Shall 
our gifts to God diminish while this continues? 

4. At home we have been blessed with improved church houses, Sunday- 
schools, vacation Bible schools, good music and other blessings in worship for 
ourselves. As disciples of the unselfish Christ we must share the Light with 

5. The world is hungry for truth. War has wrought its havoc. Govern- 
ments are being shaken. Men and nations are seeking light. China bought 
more Bibles last year than any other nation. India is reading it as never be- 
fore. If Jesus is the Light of the world, we must act accordingly. 

6. The Church of the Brethren is built on self-sacrifice. This is the 
tradition of our fathers. The spirit of our Lord! Our habits of life have led 
in these paths. Shall we not maintain the honor of our cause in this same self- 
sacrificing spirit in these days of opportunity and need? 

7. There is nothing that we can do that will so vitalize ourselves and the 
whole church with life and enthusiasm for Christ, as to make a sacrificial 
offering to God for the spiritual welfare of the race! Doing right with daring 
faith is the most inspiring contribution we can make to our generation. God help 
us to do it with unfaltering faith! 


cepted on the distinct understanding that no red about their responsibility to Christ and 

collection should be taken. to China, but considered that it would be 

At the close of the address the chairman wrong to take a collection at such a mo- 

of the meeting insisted that Mr. Taylor fore- ment. Some with emotions deeply stirred 

go his condition that there should be no may perhaps give more than they ought, 

offering. He went on to state that the while others may give less than they ought, 

people were so moved that some would be He gave the mission's address and requested 

glad to give even their jewelry for so great his audience to go home and pray, "Lord, 

a cause. It would be a mistake not to give what wilt thou have me to do?" If after 

opportunity at so psychological a moment. that they desired to contribute to the work 

Mr. Taylor, in his quiet, inimitable way, th ey could use the mail or call in person, 
insisted that the condition should be ob- Next day there came a letter to the office 

served; was glad that the people were stir- of the China Inland Mission from the chair- 


The Missionary Visitor 


man of the meeting, admitting that on the 
previous evening he was inclined to be irri- 
tated at Mr. Taylor's persistence, but as re- 
quested he went home and prayed about it, 
and now enclosed a check for one hundred 
pounds; and added that if the collection had 
been taken as he desired his contribution 
would have been a five-pound note. — Mis- 
sionary Review of the World. 

A Poor, Weak Struggling Church 

" We are a poor, weak struggling church 
and we cannot help anybody else, we need 
help ourselves." " We are a small church 
with a heavy debt. and not many members 
that are able to help much but we have 
worked out a plan to meet our financial 
problems and we will take an offering at 
Conference time for the Forward Movement 
work of the church." The foregoing state- 
ments represent the attitude of two different 
churches. In which would you rather live? 
Well, that depends entirely on who you are. 
Undoubtedly it would be cheaper to live in 
the first church for they do not talk about 
riches and every member canvasses but 
about poverty. Likely the reason for being 
poor, weak and small is because the mem- 
bers have not been challenged for bigger 
things. The latter church will make an hon- 
est attempt to grow and certainly its mem- 
bers will be challenged to do their best in 
every way. Somebody has said that growth 
must first be visualized in the mind. Brother 
Frantz in a recent editorial in the Gospel 
Messenger shows us that progress is neither 
impossible nor inevitable. 

Our Loss of Foreign Workers 

Since 1919 more of our foreign mission- 
aries have found it necessary to withdraw 
from service than have been sent. This is 
almost a tragic loss since the experienced 
worker is the one who is valuable on the 
field. Granting that we can immediately re- 
place the loss with new workers, still the 
loss is great, for new workers must learn the 
language and be students of the country for 
some time until their period of real useful- 
ness commences. We have been fortunate 
in having only few deaths and resignations 
from the field. But there is a large number 
of workers who are not able physically to 
continue their duties. This forces us to ask 

if medical requirements for outgoing workers 
have not been sufficiently rigid? Or have we 
not taken proper care of workers when once 
they are on the field? Or have missionaries 
not taken proper care of their own health? 
It is difficult to fix the blame. Some in the 
homeland have wondered why it was nec- 
essary for missionaries to be taking regular 
vacations when many hard working mem- 
bers at home never experienced such a thing. 
Our tragic loss in workers is sufficient 
answer to the question. The General Mission 
Board as well as the misisonaries is study- 
ing the question and taking steps to remedy 
the situation as much as possible. 


The large responsibilities of the mission 
work of the church were felt keenly by the 
members of the Board as they entered into 
session on April 17. The work involves 
manyy duties, a few of which are most promi- 
nent, being the proper selection and care of 
workers, the enlistment of the prayerful and 
financial interest of the home church, and 
the proper management of the work at vari- 
ous places. The term missions is so inclu- 
sive, taking in such a large scope of work 
of the church, that there seems to be no 
end of the tasks for the Board to do. The 
Mission Board meeting was preceded by a 
joint meeting of the Educational, Sunday 
School, Christian Workers, and Mission 
Boards, at which the Tract Examining Com- 
mittee, Ministerial Board and Conference 
Program Committee were represented. 
District Mission Board Grants 

A number of requests from District Mis- 
sion Boards were made and financial aid 
was granted to Middle Missouri, Texas, and 
Southern Indiana. Reports from the vari- 
ous Districts indicated both gains and losses. 
One District, with twelve churches, reported 
only two growing. Our Home Department 
is making a study of this situation. 
New Missionaries for Foreign Service 

Twenty-one missionary applications were 
before the Board, and ten splendid young 
folks who greatly love the church were ap- 
pointed to foreign service to begin this fall. 
For India, Albert and Verona Smith, now in 
pastoral service at Grand Rapids, Mich., 
Baxter and Anna Mow, Harlan Brooks and 

(Continued on Page 149) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary Message 


SCATTERED throughout the world to- 
day there are in round numbers about 
25,000 missionaries, of which number 
approximately 4,000 are in India. And as 
Dr. S. M. Zwemer has said, "A missionary 
is not only one who is sent, but one who is 
sent with a message." The question then may 
be fairly asked, "From so large a force of 
sent-out messengers, what message is being 
given the world? What message should be 

The missionary is God's appointed mes- 
senger, sent out to give God's message. The 
missionary, then, is delivering a message, 
not his own, but one that has been com- 
mitted to him by highest authority and by 
highest judgment. We must then look up 
for the source of the missionary's message, 
and we must look out far and wide to 
glimpse its extensive need. Though the 
world, in the very beginning of the history 
of mankind, through the disobedience of 
man fell into sin and the terrible conse- 
quences thereof, yet God has never left the 
world to itself, alone in darkness, without a 
witness to the truth and his abounding love 
and grace. Beginning with Noah, there 
stands out in bold, white relief against sin, 
and pointing to righteousness and truth, a 
long line of God's messengers, and in this 
line of succession stands the missionary. 

God has spoken! What a wonderful fact! 
What has God spoken? The writer of the 
Epistle to the Hebrews answers, saying, 
"God, having of old time spoken unto the 
fathers in the prophets by divers portions 
and in divers manners, hath at the end of 
these days spoken unto us in his Son, . . . 
who is the effulgence of his glory." God's 
last and fullest message to the world, then, 
is Jesus Christ, toward whom all the proph- 
ets pointed, at whose birth the angels sang, 
of whom God himself said, "This is my 
beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: 
hear ye him," and concerning whom the 
church has ever since been witnessing. The 
world can expect no further or fuller mes- 
sage from God, and certainly the missionary 
should give no other. For the fullest ex- 
pression of the love of God is Jesus Christ, 

in whom alone is also the fullest sufficiency 
for man's need unto salvation from sin and 
the consequences thereof into full freedom 
for true worship and true service. Indeed, 
indeed, "Faithful is the saying, and worthy 
of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came 
into the world to save sinners." Then most 
surely as Donald Fraser, a missionary to 
Africa, stated in his message to the students 
at the Nashville Student Volunteer Conven- 
tion, "There is only one aim before us mis- 
sionaries, the presentation of Christ to the 
world." And so, once and for all time Paul, 
that greatest of all missionaries, in brief, 
clear terms in his first letter to the Corin- 
thian church declared the theme of the mes- 
sage of all true missionaries, saying, "We 
preach Christ crucified . . . Christ the 
power of God, and the wisdom of God." 

The world is most needy, and the mis- 
sionary speaks a message, not for entertain- 
ment, but for the meeting of a need. The 
waste of mind, body and soul in countries 
where people for the most part are idolaters 
and practice false religions, instead of wor- 
shiping the true God, is most appalling. 
But, however appalling and staggering is the 
need that the missionary faces, yet he stays 
by his post and presses still further into 
the "regions beyond," because of the assur- 
ance of the sufficiency of his message. The 
missionary message is a sufficient message. 
Again and again does the missionary with 
Paul ask himself the question, " And who is 
sufficient for these things?" and again and 
again does his heart answer, " None, save 
Jesus Christ," in whom "dwelleth all the 
fullness of the Godhead bodily, and in whom 
all are made full." 

The missionary message is a most at- 
tractive message. For, said he who was 
both the world's greatest Message and 
greatest Messenger, "And I, if I be lifted up 
from the earth, will draw all men unto me." 
He was so lifted nearly two thousand years 
ago, and is today drawing men from all 
countries of the globe more than ever be- 

Umalla, via Anklesvar, India. 



The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary's Diversions 


ALL work and no play makes Jack a 
dull boy" is just as true of the mis- 
sionary as it is of any other individ- 
ual. Never is the missionary happier than 
when in the midst of his work. And often 
he feels that it is quite the next thing to 
impossible for him to leave it even for a 
short time. But, knowing as he does that 
the iron in his constitution is not the wear- 
ever kind, he takes some thought along the 
line of keeping fit. He believes that giving 
ten months of efficient service is better than 
giving twelve of inefficient service. 

Therefore, one of the diversions of the 
missionary, and one without an exception, 
perhaps, all of the missionaries engage in, is 
that of taking vacations. Some take six 
weeks each year; others prefer to take three 
months every two years. Each year it is 
the privilege of not a few of them to spend 
their vacation in the Himalayas of North 
India, at Landour, Naini Tal, Darjiling, or 
Cashmere. The journey to these places is 
by no means an easy one, but one is repaid 
for the trouble when he is permitted to feel 
the thrill that comes as the words MIGHT, 
upon his mind as he gazes spellbound on the 
beauty of these gigantic snow-clad moun- 
tains. Some go to Kodakonal or Ootaca- 
mund, in the beautiful Nilgiris of South India. 
And those who want to spend all or a part 
of their vacation in language study go to 
Mahableshwar, in the Western Ghats. At 
practically all of these hill stations one has 
the privilege of meeting other missionaries 
from various parts of the country and en- 
joying their company and fellowship. There 
usually is held, during the season, at least 
one convention for the special benefit of 
the missionaries, which is always a real treat, 
to say the least. 

While the vacation is one of the principal 
diversions of the missionary, it comes at the 
most only once a year and usually only once 
in two years, so of course he must have 
some other diversions, some that come right 
along with his work. Reading comes first, 
probably, as one of the most common. Be- 

Killing snakes is a diversion enjoyed by some 

sides the foreign papers and magazines, with 
which he could not well get on without, 
there are the daily newspapers, and the 
weekly and monthy newspapers, organs of 
the various missions, which he usually 
finds time to read sometime or other during 
the day. Books relating to his particular 
phase of the work are read by every mis- 
sionary. Sometimes, however, he feels the 
need of something of a lighter nature, so he 
reads a bit of fiction. 

Next to reading comes letter writing. 
Some may think that not a diversion. In 
some cases it certainly is not; for instance, 
the correspondence of the treasurer and 
secretary, much of which is not a diversion, 
but their regular work. On the other hand, 
with most of the others it is a diversion. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A good deal of one's social existence is kept 
up by means of fingering a typewriter. 
There are friends at home and on the field, 
with whom constant personal relations must 
be kept up by correspondence. The little 
frills of daily life are related to our friends, 
little intimacies are indulged in, that count 
so much in the joy of life. Some, whose 
children are a thousand miles away in 
school, could not think of letting a day go 
by without writing a letter, or at least a 
postcard, and the day is long to them that 
does not have some word from the children. 

Some other diversions, not common to all, 
but in which some indulge, are as follows: 
Photography, study of botany or zoology; 
those musically inclined, singing; those me- 
chanically inclined, fixing typewriters, watch- 
es, etc. Some of the ladies do fancy work. 
Some of the Madam Sahebs, at Bulsar es- 
pecially, have their diversion in entertain- 
ing guests — a privilege they do not often 
have in the Dangs or Vada. 

The last, but by no means least is the di- 
version of physical exercise. Walking is 
the common outdoor exercise of most of 
our missionaries, and one would suppose, 
judging from the results obtained, it was 
not indulged in to any very great extent, for 
which there is, perhaps, a reason. Some of 
the men go hunting sometimes; they say 
not because they are so wonderfully fond of 
it, but because of a lack of something better 
to do. Most of them seem to think they 
have no money to spend building tennis or 
badminton courts, for it would take con- 
siderable to have them fixed properly, so 
they would not need to be made over 
every year. Living within one's income is 
necessary, and a tennis court, not being an 
absolute necessity, it is considered rather as 
a luxury. But is it? The following is a 
statement from one certain missionary who 
does not think it is, but believes that provi- 
sion should be made at the stations for tak- 
ing proper daily exercise: 

" Personally I believe that missionaries, 
and particularly those of our mission, neg- 
lect very much the taking of proper physi- 
cal exercise. I just wonder if we would 
have the nervous strains and breakdowns if 
we paid better attention to this phase of 
our activities. I believe that the mission 

At Mahableshwar, when missionaries go for vaca- 
tion, water is brought to them by a buffalo 

should provide good tennis courts and such 
other means of exercise as are desired at 
the stations, and further I believe the mis- 
sionaries should be required to use them. 
If they did I honestly believe that we would 
have less ill and disabled workers on the 
field and in the homeland. 

" The average English government official 
in India has much better health than the 
missionary does. In the European popu- 
lation here at Bulsar one seldom hears of 
anyone ill, but you may depend upon it they 
all go in for tennis or something every day. 
The railroad company provides tennis 
courts, and from the chief engineer down to 
the Indian employe they play tennis. No 
man can sit in his office all day and do effi- 
cient work without some sort of recreation 
and exercise. There are more missionaries 
sitting in offices than we have an idea of 
unless we study the matter a little. The av- 
erage station demands that a great deal of 
office work be done. Under our system of 
no clerks it means that the missionary does it 
all. He needs, therefore, to get out and 
take some kind of good hard exercise each 

• Diversions, as you see, have really a very 
important place in the life of the mission- 
ary. Keeping fit for the work is indeed very 
essential and by no means a thing to be 
considered lightly. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Young People's Work in Sweden 

Missionary to Sweden 

OUR work among the young people is 
interesting and we consider it as one 
of the most important branches of 
our work. We look to our young people's 
organization as a feeder for the church. 
During the past year several have made a 
confession and we hope will soon unite with 
the church. Several new members have late- 
ly come into our young people's society and 
the outlook at present is hopeful. The so- 
ciety is now ten years old and during the past 
has done much charity work, as well as 
helped with the local expenses and con- 
tributed to foreign mission work. During 
the past year twenty poor children were 
clothed at Christmas time and a dinner 
made for fifty aged poor people. We have 
regular Sunday evening meetings each week, 
and every other Monday evening our sewing 
circle meets with a good attendance. Our 
business meetings are held the first Monday 
evening of each month. We meet with 
many discouragements and occasionally 
when we begin to feel hopeless and down- 
cast we see prayers answered and new signs 
of life and take courage to push forward. 

We have an interesting and interested lot 
of children in our junior society. They are 
active in their work and meet each Tuesday 
evening for hand work and manual training. 
Their special programs are quite well at- 
tended and a number of their parents coop- 
erate with us in the help we are trying to 

give the children. Several of our juniors 
have been confirmed and a number more are 
now catechumens. Through the custom of 
confirmation the adolescent age is made 
more of a problem here. These children of 
thirteen to fifteen years usually quit school 
and feel that when they have been confirmed 
they are ready to meet the problems of life. 
Many of them are thrown on their own re- 
sources, get into wrong company and are 
often lost to all that is good. We have an 
organized Bible class for the older juniors 
and are doing what we can to keep them in- 
terested and win them for Christ and the 

Our Sunday-school has been moving along 
as usual. Since the war we find work, even 
among the children, more difficult than 
before. As a rule the children are quite 
regular in attendance. Our lack of helpers 
and of suitable quarters has been a great 
hindrance to the progress of the work, but 
we trust that with the advantage and added 
facilities of our new chapel that we hope to 
erect during the summer, a new impetus will 
be given to our Sunday-school, as well as 
every other line of work and that we can do 
more and better work for our Master in the 
future than we have done in the past. We 
thank God for what has been done in spite 
of the many drawbacks and by his grace 
and through his power we will go forward 
and trust in him for victory. 

Our First Service in Nigeria 


THIS service was held Sunday, Jan. 21, ters, but, as 
1923, at 10 A. M. The place was in 
a rest house at Jos, where we had 
arrived on Friday evening, Jan. 19. Jos is a 
city in the center of the tin mining region of 
the Bauchi Province highlands of Northern 
Nigeria. The church furniture was not 
elaborate — only a folding table and two 
chairs used by the white people present. 

The size of the congregation was not 
large, but there is no restraint with Jehovah 
to save by many or by few. In fact, there 
were but five people who participated in the 
service. This number included the minis- 

it sometimes happens in our 
churches in America, the number of minis- 
ters present was comparatively large, for 
two of the five were ministers. The others 
who took part in the service were Sheihu, 
John, and Garba. Sheihu is a Mohammedan, 
forty-five years of age, whom we secured at 
Zaria, and who will accompany us on our 
trek as headman of our carriers. We shall 
need from thirty to forty carriers to trans- 
port our loads where no railroad nor auto 
facilities are available. He will also salute 
the chiefs for us as we pass from tribe to 
tribe. He has acted in this capacity for 


The Missionary Visitor 


several important expeditions, and we were 
fortunate in being able to secure him 
through the kindness of Dr. Miller, a mis- 
sionary at Zaria. Sheihu is a friend of the 
emir, or native ruler of Zaria, who, upon 
learning of Sheihu's purpose to accompany 
us, presented him with a horse. He is a 
Moslem and has been saying his prayers 
rather regularly, and we were somewhat 
surprised that he came to the service. May 
the Person, Christ Jesus, through whom 
alone the true God is known, become his 
Lord and Savior. 

The other two, John and Garba, are boys 
whom we have secured to go with us to 
cook, wash, etc. John will act also as our 
interpreter, as he speaks English, Hausa, 
and Filani. He was a student at the mission 
school in Zaria and reads Hausa well. He 
has given up Mohammedanism, but has not 
yet been converted. Garba has spent a short 
time at the mission school and has ex- 
pressed his desire to become a Christian. He 
has just entered a class to prepare for en- 

trance into church fellowship. We hope to 
continue that instruction. 

The service was in English, interpreted 
by John into Hausa. We read Luke 2: 1- 
dO. John then read it from the Hausa Testa- 
ment, and gave a short exposition of it, 
which was likewise given to the others in 
Hausa by John. Bro. Helser led us in prayer 
and closed with the benediction. Thus the 
service ended — ended, no, never; only God 
can know where the influence of such a 
service may end. 

It was a simple service, amid humble 
surroundings; but God was present, and the 
Holy Spirit was taking of the things of 
Christ and revealing them to men. The 
place and the service will long be hallowed 
in our memories. We entreat you to pray 
with us, that this small seed sowing may 
have a rich fruitage in the harvest of a mul- 
titude of souls and that this service may be 
multiplied in size and in numbers a hundred- 
fold, as God shall use the Church of the 
Brethren for his glory in Africa. 

Jos, Nigeria. 

Student Activities in China 


THE potential influence of the. student 
on. the destiny of a nation is 
thoroughly accepted. He constitutes 
the dynamic element in the community in 
which he lives, inasmuch as all the activi- 
ties in that community derive their initia- 
tive from him. He is the thinker and archi- 
tect of the destiny of his own generation 
and the generations to follow. Nowhere in 
all the world is this fact so self-evident as 
in China during this period of national and 
social crisis. 

1. The New Thought Movemment 
A sense of thrill and enthusiasm all but 
carries one away as he sees the unprece- 
dented opportunity and strategic position 
of the student in the China of today. The 
missionary is not only conscious of it, but 
the proverbial indifferent complacency of 
the student class finally has been stirred to 
a consciousness of China's conservatism 
and antiquated attitude toward the affairs 
of life. Ever since 1905, when by imperial 
edict the old educational system was abol- 
ished and modern learning was adopted, 

has the younger generation of learned men 
been taking an inventory of " things Chi- 
nese." They have awakened to the position 
of China among the sisterhood of nations. 

Literary Revolution. — The impact of 
western thought has successfully brought 
about a revolution of a twofold nature, that 
in 1919 centralized itself into what is 
known as the New Thought Movement. 
The Ministry of Education in Peking in 
"that year founded an organization known 
as the " Society of Progressive Knowl- 
edge." One of the first things they did was 
to reform the literary habits of the past. 
They decided to adopt the spoken lan- 
guage, the Mandarin, in place of the old 
classical style, for all literary purposes. 
They urged that all textbooks for the ele- 
mentary schools be written in Mandarin. 
Not only did they do this, but they brought 
forth a " phonetic -script " alphabet that 
would make possible reading among the 
illiterate in an incredibly short time. AH 
this has led to a sudden increase in the 
literary output of the nation. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Intellectual Revolution. — This literary 
reform gradually enlarged its field until 
there has come about a complete intellec- 
tual reform that has developed a program 
for a thorough social reformation. Peking 
Government University is the seat of the 
movement known as the " Society of Pro- 
gressive Knowledge." Its purpose is to 
bring China into relation with the current 
of modern thought of western countries. 
Its motto is, " Save the Country Through 
Science and Democracy." It is an appeal 
to thinking young men to concentrate their 
attention to social service. Education has 
revealed the imperfections of what the 
sages held most sacred. It is therefore not 
strange at all that these students should 
take upon themselves the task of critically 
analyzing all the old customs of China, with 
an aim of destroying the harmful features 
of the old family, economic and political 
system, and then build a new society. One 
needs only to have a short acquaintance 
with Chinese institutions to appreciate why 
the social and ethical systems have ceased 
to be progressive and adapt themselves to 
the new conditions of the day. The feel- 
ing bears in upon one that the revolution- 
ary effects of the " New Thought " exceed 
the reaches of the imagination. 

The necessary intellectual equipment for 
this task is to be gained by the study of 
the writings of a group of European and 
American democratic and socialistic think- 
ers, translations of which are being spread 
over the country through modern periodi- 
cals and books. The movement also in- 
vites some of these scholars to give lec- 
tureships throughout China. Most of these 
are laudable features, but unfortunately 
" the necessary intellectual equipment " for 
the task is believed to be found in master- 
ing the writings of these scholars, many of 
whom are decidedly agnostic or anti-Chris- 

Upon the whole the movement needs to 
be commended for what it has already done, 
and especially for the sincere desire to 
wrest China from the ills that now hold her 
down. At present it is the most powerful 
educational agency in China and for the 
most part its activities have been literary 
and theoretical. It conducts lecture halls 
and public reading rooms in most of the 

largest cities of China. It is said that there 
are over four hundred periodicals and news- 
papers throughout the country that print 
the literary writings of this movement. 

There are, however, several outstanding 
dangers in the methods of the movement. 
Western thought and theory have been so 
largely borrowed that there are great ap- 
prehensions lest there will be a misfit to 
China's social and political conditions. 
Then, too, the movement anticipates launch- 
ing its program successfully without the in- 
clusion of any sort of moral and religious 
ideals, either pagan or Christian. It is 
wrongly supposed that science and social- 
ism have made the West great and power- 
ful, that what has been successful there 
may therefore be applied to China's ills. 
The richest offering that the. West has to 
give is not once included in the list of 
themes treated by these students. They 
fail to see what Christianity has to do with 
family, industry or state. The rank and file 
overlook the power in Christianity able to 
transform individual character and the dy- 
namic in it that will save any nation. 

2. Anti- Christian Movement 

There is still another movement that has 
recently sprung up; namely, the Anti-Chris- 
tian Movement. Just what relation this or- 
ganization has to the New Thought Move- 
ment we are unable to say. We know they 
are independent as organizations, though 
each embracing adherents of the other. 
There was very little anti-Christian demon- 
stration previous to the convening of the 
" Biennial Conference of the World's Stu- 
dent Christian Federation," which met at 
Peking, April 4-9, 1922, when a student 
movement came to the front declaring its 
opposition to the Christian conference and 
to Christianity in particular. 

The movement is certain proof of the 
impact of Christianity on China. There 
are many Christians who look upon the 
movement with a good deal of apprehen- 
sion and fear while others are seeing in it 
a hopeful sign of life both in and out of 
the church. Heretofore .Christianity has 
been looked upon with an attitude of in- 
difference and as a negligible factor in 
China. Now that Christianity is actually 
operating visibly in society, it is only natur- 
al that its opponents should make a'vigor- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ous stand against it. The aim is to sup- 
press the spread of Christianity. It has 
been announced that no distinction is made 
of race, country, sex, age, party or class. 
During the month of April a number of 
Christian gatherings were broken up by 
these leaders. They would work through 
the local official, who in turn would intimi- 
date the Christians. Christianity is labeled 
as a foreign superstition, which the Chi- 
nese are asked by the missionary to take 
in exchange for their native superstitions. 
However, it is not Christianity that is un- 
der fire so much as the, spirit of national- 
ism expressing itself. Christianity is op- 
posed, because the way it is brought to the 
Chinese is too foreign. When once Chris- 
tianity is clothed in an oriental garb op- 
position to it will abate and Christianity 
will be treated with the same tolerance as 
the other foreign religions — Buddhism and 

An editor recently said of this movement, 
" Opposition is much better than indiffer- 
ence. The anti-Christian movement indi- 
cates interest in religion, even if critical 
and negative. We would rather have re- 
ligion criticised than ignored. One never 
takes time to fight graveyards." The move- 
ment is not altogether to be despised. The 
very fact that Christianity is being studied 
and openly opposed is one of the best pos- 
sible ways of spreading it. In this way 
will not only non-Christians become more 
familiar with it, but it will cause Christians 
to look more carefully into the. religion of 
their choice. The tendency to complacency 
and credulity will give way to a more in- 
telligent understanding of Christianity. 

Moreover, the leaders of this movement 
are for the greater part young men, who 
have but a very superficial knowledge of 
the spirit and teachings of Christianity. 
They are men without a religious expe- 
rience, which alone can make them able to- 
evaluate the merits of Christianity. They 
are unable to differentiate between insti- 
tutions which are called Christian, those 
enterprises in which Christians happen to 
be engaged, and the real SPIRIT and ES- 
SENCE of Christianity. Some of the criti- 
cisms made against it are true, and its de- 
fenders should be willing to seek to make 
these criticisms less true. Whether the 

movement is short lived or not, Christianity 
in China needs to examine itself anew and 
have a' consistent apologetic for the faith 
that must ultimately save China. 

3. World's Student Christian Federation 

" Brotherhood, understanding of spirit, 
and sharing experience, characterized the 
eleventh ' Biennial Conference of the 
World's Student Christian Federation,' 
which met at Tsing-Hua College, Peking, 
April 4-9, 1922." Here 635 China dele- 
gates, representing more than 140 men's 
schools and fifty women's schools, met 
with delegates from all over the world. For 
six days they studied together the theme — 
" Christ in World Reconstruction." It was 
constantly held before the conference that 
the one dynamic that will save society as 
well as the individual is the " Church of 
Christ." It was the purpose of the con- 
ference to deal with the intellectual prob- 
lems connected with Christianity and set 
forth its claims in a frank and open way. 

One of the splendid features of the con- 
ference was the widening of the acquaint- 
ance of the Spirit. Friendships were formed 
that will outlive race prejudices. Chinese, 
Korean and Japanese students met with a 
view of uniting each other's confidence. 
Hearts met in understanding through the 
influence of the Spirit of Christ. The con- 
ference showed that there is a power great- 
er than instinct and stronger than national- 
ism; that Christ is the influence that can 
ultimately unite the disintegrating elements 
tha.t are preying upon the Chinese pe.ople. 
These Chinese students realized deeper than 
ever that the Christian task is to make the 
world Christian, and to press the Chris- 
tian spirit through all human relationships. 

China certainly needs this Gospel at the 
present time. It furnishes inspiration for 
the spirit of patriotism and nationalism that 
fires the New Thought Movement. It fur- 
nishes an intellectual, moral and religious 
guide, to the critics of the anti-Christian 
movement. And it offers to all spiritually 
minded inquirers a spiritual dynamic. 

A Jew who had done a worthy act on the 
Sabbath, which others refused to do, was re- 
proached for it, and replied, " Good deeds 
have no Sabbath." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Is Christ Able? 


Bulsar, India, Jan. 12, 1923. 
Dear Visitor Readers: 

Can Christianity Do It? Do what? Re- 
place all the great religions of the world 
and establish the kingdom of God among 
men of all races and nations? The im- 
mensity and difficulty of the task was im- 
pressed upon me anew the other day as I 
lay awake on a bench in a railway station 
in north India, waiting for a train. My 
oldest son and I had just completed a short 
tour and were ready to start home. We had 
visited the great centers of influence of 
three great religions — Mohammedanism, 
Hinduism and Buddhism. The Juma Mas- 
jid — the largest temple of the Moslems in 
India, Benares — the sacred city of Hinduism, 
and Saranath — the spot where the Gautama 
Buddha preached his first sermon, and is 
now a place of privilege for devout Bud- 
dhists from Ceylon and Burmah. 

How deep-seated is the devotion of the 
Mohammedan to Allah, of the Hindu to his 
idol temples and his bath in the cleansing 
waters of the sacred Ganges, and of the 
Buddhist to the memory of their deified 
teacher Gautama Buddha! What right has 
any other religion to overthrow these which 
are so deeply planted in the very life of 
the people? And by what power can it be 
accomplished? These questions compel at- 
tention and demand an answer. 

What is the chief element in these re- 
ligions which give them their hold on the 
people? One cannot walk through the nar- 
row, crowded streets of Benares and see 
the worship without coming to the conclu- 
sion that ritual, ceremonialism, is the founda- 
tion of it all. Here is a tree said to be the 
one under which Shiva sat one time, there- 
fore it is a sacred tree and the image of 
the god is enshrined under its branches and 
is worshiped by the passing crowds. There 
is a spot made sacred by the tradition that 
the goddess Sita once cooked a meal there. 
It is now a place of pilgrimage and is called 
the kitchen of Sita. It is sacred. The River 
Ganges is sacred. The place where Buddha 
first preached is sacred. The essence of re- 
ligion is to pay homage to these sacred 

But Christianity is not a whit behind in 
this matter. There is the tomb of Abra- 
ham, venerated by Jew, Christian, and Mos- 
lem alike, and with like results. There is Jeru- 
salem, the holy city, and so on. Christian 
churches have been built at Nazareth, Beth- 
lehem and Sychar and a score of other holy 
places, and Christians, as well as Jews, and 
Mohammedans, make long pilgrimages and 
pay big prices for the benefits of some sacred 
charm. This quality of sacredness adheres 
to certain ceremonies in all branches of the 
Christian Church. In the case of Hindus, 
Mohammedans and Christians the results are 
alike. If this worship of sacred things and 
places constitutes the chief element of Chris- 
tianity, then the task of transferring the 
devotion of the world's masses of devotees 
from their own sacred objects to those of 
the Christian religion is not only hope- 
less but useless. 

Christianity's claim, as well as its power 
to replace the other religions of the world, 
is based on Christ as a present, living reality 
in the lives of all who follow him. De- 
votion, not to a sacred place, but to him; 
seeking the virtue not of a holy thing but 
of his indwelling life and Spirit — this is 
Christianity, and this alone gives us hope 
for the gigantic task before us. 

The power of vicarious suffering for a 
cause is well illustrated in India today. Mr. 
Gandhi is still in prison and his followers 
seem as devoted to him as ever, and are 
carrying on the propaganda for home rule 
though deprived of the inspiration of the 
presence of their leader. Mr. Gandi is 
pointing his people to Christ as the great 
example of giving one's life for a cause. 
More people are studying the life of Christ 
today than ever before in India. While 
for the present the glory of Christ is ob- 
scured by the glory of India's hero, Christ 
will be able eventually to draw to himself 
the heart of India, IF WE ARE FAITH- 

Yours very fraternally, 

E. H. Eby. 

" A friend is one who knows all about you 
and still likes you." 


The Missionary Visitor 



A Native Son of India Speaks 


Being from several addresses given by V. M. 
Ilahibaksh, a native of India 

ALL are normally religious. It is only 
when a man becomes self-compla- 
cent that he comes to the place where 
he does not need God." 

" It would be a valuable lesson if we 
should learn the value of contemplation that 
we could read a small part of God's Word 
and know what we've really read." 

" Learn about other people's religion with 
sympathy, for, after all, all peoples are 
seeking God. Humanity is the same the 
world over." 

" The only essential thing about me is 
my soul." 

" In India there are 147 dialects and lan- 
guages. Six distinct types of nationalities 

" The program of foreign missionaries 
has brought about social unrest in India, 
for they haye taught two great principles — 
the value of individual worth, and ' Am I 
my brother's keeper?" 

" Change in form of government does not 
rectify wrongs." 

" In India the great need is to teach the 
dignity of labor." 

" M. K. Gandhi makes it his practice to 
read the Sermon on the Mount at least 
once every day and says, ' If everybody 
would read that and live up to it all wars 
would cease/" 

" No nation rises above the condition of 
its womankind, for mothers are the educa- 
tors of a nation. That is why India is 
classed among the backward nations." 

" The mother of India loves her off- 
spring, regardless of sex, but custom is 
binding, and if it is hard to rise above cus- 
tom here in America it is doubly so there." 

"We of India if trained can do more for 
ourselves than anyone else. Our womanhood 
has the same capacity for physical, mental 
and spiritual development as your women 
have. America is what she is because of 
the American mother, and the American 
mother owes it all to the Cross of Calvary." 

Most books written about India are from 
the angle of the great centers of life and 

therefore untrue, because 82j^ per cent of 
the population is rural. 

Agriculture is still carried on in the primi- 
tive manner described in the Bible. 

" You will help the farmer of India best 
by taking his implements and improving 
them, rather than by sending over expensive 
American machinery." 

" There are three sides to be trained in 
the life of India: the body, mind and soul. 
But one man can't be a farmer, industrial 
expert, teacher, preacher, all in one, and 
that's what you ask of your missionaries. 
Their business is to break the Bread of Life 
and teach the church to be the real function- 
ing power in the community." 

"I serve my people the way I do in the 
agricultural life because of the sixty mil- 
lion ' untouchables.' We who are educated 
must help to lift India." 

Bellefontaine, Ohio. 


Ellen H. Wagoner 

Evangelistic work among the various vil- 
lages continues with much interest. On ac- 
count of sickness of some of the workers 
the effort has been hindered in their particu- 
lar districts. Bro. Blough, because of fever, 
has not been able to get out the past few 
weeks in the Vyara District. His good wife, 
however, has done what she could by taking 
her tent and remaining with the native 
helpers. jt 

Miss Ziegler has been out in the villages 
the whole month. Although the nights were 
cool for open-air meetings, large crowds of 
thinly-clad villagers attended the services. 
Her lantern, which showed pictures on "The 
Life of Christ," was an asset to her meetings. 

We are glad to report that Bro. Long's 
eye has so improved that he and Sister Long 
have been able to be out most of the month 
in the villages. Large and attentive crowds 
are reported. Pray with us that Bro. Long 
may be entirely healed. 


Part of the month Brother and Sister 
Summer were out in Raj Pipla District. They 



The Missionary Visitor 


pitched their tents at two villages, working 
out from their headquarters in the mornings 
and holding meetings at the tent at night. 
At one village they found a Christian com- 
munity of twelve families, which appreciated 
very much the coming of these missionaries. 
At this place, two elderly women, a little 
girl and two boys were baptized. The 
Christians in these out-of-the-way places 
need our constant prayers, for they are sur- 
rounded by so much heathenism that has 
strong attractions for them. Brother and 
Sister Summer were made to realize very 
fully the protection of a kind heavenly 
Father when they were out in a tiger jungle. 
Two visits by night were made to their tent 
by tigers, but the beasts went on their way 
without any prey, because of the light which 
was kept burning on the outside. 

The movement that has been sweeping 
through the villages where the people fol- 
low the new goddess, which they think has 
come up out of the jungle, continues to de- 
velop new phases. Recently, in Vyara Dis- 
trict, the leaders baptized many of the people 
in the river, for cleansing. They learned this 
from the Christians, of course. They ask the 
people to make certain promises, such as ab- 
staining from drinking liquor, abstaining 
from meat eating, and disposing of their 
chickens, goats, etc., and then they are bap- 
tized. & 

In the village of Bhat, in Jalalpor Taluka, 
one Christian, who was persecuted because 
he would not worship this devi, or goddess, 
held out faithfully and as a result the cause 
of Christ has' gained. The people here, also, 
are instructed to put away strong drink and 
to clean their houses of filth. They were in- 
structed to do without liquor for two and 
one-half months. Then the missionary tells 
them that if they can do without it that long 
they can do without it all the time. 

The temperance workers are also busy. 
Jan. 22 fifty villagers met at Samor, one of 
our Christian villages, to sign the pledge 
against drinking liquor. The meetings con- 
tinued several days, after which a number of 
men from a near-by village came to the 
mission house at Anklesvar, asking for a 
teacher. They say they had attended the 
temperance meeting at Samor, and having 

given up liquor, want to become Christians. 
We pray that very soon a suitable teacher 
can be given them. 

Jan. 1 Nurse Himmelsbaugh, at Umalla, 
turned over the baby home work, with twen- 
ty-five healthy babies, to Miss Widdowson, 
who is getting started nicely in her new 
work and makes a fine little mother. 
The growing dispensary work and baby 
home work, together, made the burden too 
heavy for one person. Since Miss Olive has 
come to help, Nurse Himmelsbaugh can 
turn all her efforts towards the much-needed 
dispensary work. jj 

Bro. Forney, from Jalalpor, writes: "There 
are now thirty-five girls in Jalalpor Board- 
ing, the largest number in its history. The 
headmaster has been active in bringing chil- 
dren to the day-school, so that fifty-eight 
are enrolled, which includes boarders. Sun- 
day-school and church service attendance is 
above the one hundred mark." 

The middle of the month the Blickenstaffs 
were able to move into their bungalow again. 
It has been rebuilt and is now in good con- 
dition. £ 

Bungalow No. 1 has been repaired, painted 
and whitewashed recently. The Jalalpor 
bungalow has been repaired and also painted. 

The Christian community at Ahwa has 
again been saddened by the death of the 
wife of one of the boarding-school masters. 
This is the second death among the workers 
there in a very short time. 

Sister Shull, of Ahwa, writes: "This 
month the District Meeting was held here. 
The arrangements for lodging, as well as the 
program, were put in the hands of the Indian 
Christians. They furnished free transporta- 
tion to and from the railway to those com- 
ing from other stations. When they came 
near Ahwa, the boarding-school children 
and others went out to meet them, playing 
their drums and cymbals. We were pleased 
with the business sessions of the meeting. 
Our brethren were able to be charitable in 
their disagreements, which is a testimony to 
the changing power of Christianity. This 
meeting also indicated that there is a church 
consciousness awakening in the church. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Mrs. M. M. Myers 

The biannual meeting of the China Medi- 
cal Missionary Association was held in 
Shanghai, Feb. 14 to the 20th, inclusive.The 
subjects of medical evangelism, medical 
ethics, public health and hospital problems 
were discussed in general sessions. There 
were also sectional conferences on general 
medicine, surgery, eye diseases, obstetrics 
and gynecology, eye, ear, nose and throat, 
and public health. Evening sessions were 
given over to public health addresses and 
discussions, medical education and nursing, 
with two evenings of social fellowship. Drs. 
Coffman, Horning and Wampler attended 
these meetings and report a very profitable 
conference. Dr. Wampler was on the pro- 
gram, giving a paper on Osteomalacia, a 
peculiar bone disease occurring in the women 
of this section. Dr. Wampler was also 
elected a member of the Committee of Pub- 
lic Health of the China Medical Missionary 

The schools all closed the first part of 
February allowing the students to return 
home for three weeks to enjoy their New 
Year festivities. 

Mrs. Sollenberger, Mrs. Vaniman and Mr. 
Oberholtzer were sick for a short time 
during this month but now are well or nearly 

The China Medical Board has granted 
$1200 gold towards the installation of the 
X-Ray plant in the Pingting Hospital. 

The Annual Conference of the Chihli- 
Shansi Christian Educational Association 
wa,s held in Peking Feb. 24 to the 28th. Some 
of our educational workers were in attend- 
ance. From Pingting, E. D. Vaniman of the 
Boys' School, Miss Metzger and Miss Kao 
of the Girls' School. The two most impor- 
tant subjects discussed were the Six-six pro- 
gram for the elementary and secondary 
schools, and the Report of the China Educa- 
tional Commission. Special emphasis was 
given to Religious Education. The Student 
Movement in China is trying to rule out 
religious instruction in the elementary 
grades. Already ten thousand copies to this 
effect are being circulated throughout China. 
One of the greatest problems at present in 
our educational work is the lack of suitable 
text books. The Shansi delegation held a 
special session and discussed some questions 

pertaining to the Mission Schools of this 

Ping Ting 

During the evangelistic week eighteen 
women and eight school girls took part. 
Five women and eight school girls in four 
groups went to the farther villages to live 
during the week. The rest in five groups 
lived in their homes in the city and walked 
to the closer villages each day. Although 
their feet are unbound, still it is very tiring 
to walk any distance, but they counted it 
only a pleasure to thus work for the Lord. 
In all they visited eighteen villages, preach- 
ing in 436 homes to over seven thousand 

The school girls were a great help in the 
work. Their singing was a great attraction 
and their witness to the truth was effective. 
Among the women there were two over 
sixty years old. The oldest one with two 
pupils from the fifth grade were especially 
effective. Their preaching and singing 
moved many hearts. Over a dozen want to 
be baptized, and one home tore down all 
their idols. When they left, the village 
begged them to send them an evangelist to 
teach them, and a lady teacher to open a 
girls' school of forty or fifty pupils. 

In another village the officers of the place 
were so pleased that they had come to teach 
them that they beat the drums and called 
all the people together. Thus they had mass 
meetings several days. Everywhere the 
people are. eager to hear and many confess 
their faith in Jesus as their Savior. The 
workers say they have never seen anything 
like it before. 

One of our Christians went on a business 
trip the other day. One evening when he 
was at the inn some people heard that a 
Christian was there, so they came to talk 
with him. They were so eager to hear the 
Gospel that they stayed till nearly day- 
break. This Christian, when he told of his 
experience and heard the success of the 
many workers, said that Jesus must be com- 
ing soon. He certainly is coming already in 
the hearts of these people. 

Liao Chow 

This month has brought to us the Chinese 
New Year and with it the special week of 
Evangelism. It surely is a time when special 
efforts need to be put forth for especially at 


The Missionary Visitor 


this time the people worship their gods more 
devotedly than at any other time of the 
year with the hope that they will be pleased 
with them and give to them many blessings 
during the coming year. 

Miss Valley Miller has just left us to take 
up her work at Shou Yang where she will 
substitute for Miss Clapper during her fur- 
lough. We shall indeed miss Miss Miller 
but what is our loss will be gain for our 
sister station. 

Mr. Liu, one of our local boys, who is 
now in his second year of college work, is 
spending his vacation at home and in order 
to help meet his finances he is translating 
some of our much loved music into Chinese. 
I am sure you would like to get acquainted 
with him and you would not need to learn 
Chinese to talk with him as he would meet 
you on your own ground. This is the result 
of patient toiling, but I am sure it is worth 
it all. 

Dr. Wang, the young man whom we have 
been supporting in Medical School, has re- 
turned to us and is looking after the work 
while Dr. Horning is attending the Medical 
Conference at Shanghai. 

This month is the month for conferences 
and at this writing Mr. Bowman and Miss 
Cline and Mr. Seese are in Peking attend- 
ing the Educational Conference. 

A splendid five inch snow has fallen and 
the Chinese people are going about with 
much happier countenances. It has been 
quite dry but this comes as a blessing from 
our Heavenly Father. 

Shou Yang 

When the schools closed and the teachers 
and pupils returned to their homes for the 
Chinese New Year vacation we expected the 
church attendance to drop to the minimum. 
However, we have been greatly encouraged 
to find that the average attendance has not 
gone below sixty. To us this is a good, 
healthy indication. It proves that the 
Chinese have really a sincere interest in the 
worship of the true God. There is always a 
great deal of idleness and indifference to 
things that are real at this season of the year. 

Owing to the special efforts in preparation 
for the Bible classes soon to be opened at 
the outstations, we have not put on a full 
program for the special week of evangelism. 
However, Bro. Smith in company with two 

of the evangelists has visited and preached 
in over twenty villages in the vicinity of 
Shou Yang. They have received a hearty 
welcome in all of the villages and the in- 
terest in the Gospel story was good. They 
sold many Gospels and distributed tracts. 

On Feb. 26 a peculiar type of beggar 
came to the Mission compound. Several 
days before he had left his home about 
one hundred miles from Shou Yang with less 
than two dollars in his pocket, and was 
walking a total distance of five hundred 
miles to a Buddhist temple where he is ex- 
pecting to spend three years praying for 
eternal youth. His hope is to never see 
death. He stopped at the Mission compound 
to beg for millet and money. This afforded 
an opportunity to talk to him about the 
Real Eternal Life in Christ. He listened for 
a moment and then suddenly left without 
any ceremony. China has thousands of 
people who are being deluded by this type 
of doctrine. They leave perfectly comfort- 
able homes in quest of eternal happiness. 
They are conscious of a need and are hun- 
gry, but most of them in their quest con- 
tinue without being satisfied. What then 
is our relation to them? 

Tai Yuan Fu 

Minor M. Myers had the privilege of at- 
tending, with two others from Tai Yuan, 
the National Y. M. C. A. Conference at 
Nanking from February 5 to 11. It was a 
treat to meet with so many who are doing 
a great work in this country. One of the 
outstanding features of the Y. work in 
China, and which was quite evident at this 
conference, is the development of splendid 
native leadership. One of the forums which 
he attended discussed the training of native 
secretaries. It is really worth while to note 
the plan that is worked out and used to 
train the men. The foreigners in missions 
too might well learn to keep in the rear 
while the Chinese are pushed to the front, 
and at the same time make plans to train 
these promising men. 

Our little Tai Yuan group, three in num- 
ber, recently attended the Field Committee 
meeting at Ping Ting. The meeting was 
good, and well represented. It was a treat 
for some of us to visit our people there 
as none of them live in Tai Yuan yet and we 
seldom see them. We hope it will be differ- 
ent in the course of another year. 


The Missionary Visitor 




M. R. Zigler Home Mission Secretary 


The Detroit Chinese Sunday School 


AFTER careful and prayerful consid- 
eration a Chinese Sunday-school was 
organized in the First Church of the 
Brethren, 3523 Cadillac Ave., Detroit, Mich., 
on Aug. 29, 1917, for the purpose of Ameri- 
canizing and Christianizing those who would 
attend our school. At^that time there were 
about two hundred Chinese in Detroit. At 
present there are more than six hundred. It 
was quite a task to undertake a proposition 
of this kind with as small a membership as 
we had then. Sixteen Chinese were present 
at the organization. We have learned 
through Bethany Bible School and other 
sources, as well as through our own expe- 
rience, that a teacher is required for each 
pupil, especially when they are beginning. 
If there are any of our readers who would 
like to train for missionary work, a great op- 
portunity awaits you here. 

Special courses are given in the Y. M. C. 
A. and Y. W. C. A. Also in the churches. 
These are night courses. We have had 

eleven conversions. One of our teachers 
who won his scholar to Christ was baptized 
with him. Brother Moy Way, who has been 
elected to the ministry, is also our assistant 
superintendent and leader. He gives short 
sermons to Chinese each Sunday evening. 
We hope some time in the future to have an 
organized Chinese church at this place. 

More than $750.00 has been sent to for- 
eign missions. An average offering per 
Sunday for 1922 was $6.40. We have nine 
members in the city at present; the average 
attendance is about twenty-five. 

Mr. Pon Hong Sing is on his way back to 
China where he plans to build an industrial 
school. On Saturday night, Feb. 17, the 
pupils gave a treat and a musical program to 
the teachers, and invited the entire church, 
about ninety being present. On Sunday 
night, Feb. 18, from 7:00 to 9:00 o'clock, 
the pupils with some outside talent gave a 
missionary program, transforming the old 
Chinese school over to a Christian school. 

['"^* ''jvJ^S 


• rM ^ '.-'S9 

r , f M f : 1 g 

sat ■'W* 

- — ; — ■ "»•' — •- — ; — : — — : ; — , — I ' iJSL 


The Detroit Chinese Sunday School not only grows in numbers but in stewardship. They contribute 

generously for mission work 


The Missionary Visitor 


What I Saw in Piney Woods 

President Globe Tanning Co. 
T was Sunday Piney Woods School. 

Kenneth Smith 

morning when I 
**" stepped off the 
train at Braxton. It 
had been raining 
most of the time for 
some days and the 
air was brisk and 
damp. Being used to 
the more dry atmos- 
phere of the North, 
it seemed to pene- 
trate my very being. 
Not until Tuesday 
when it- was much 
warmer did I feel 
comfortable again. 

But, I'm ahead of my story. My readers 
cannot appreciate what I am talking about 
without an explanation. 

Some twenty years ago a negro boy by 
the name of Laurence C. Jones drifted into 
Marshalltown, Iowa, by some turn of Provi- 
dence (?) and worked his way through high 
school. From there he went to the State 
University, working at odd jobs to pay the 
necessary expenses that always confront a 
student who has no other resources except 
an ambition to be worth while in the world. 
Jones had that vision and more — a heart 
much like the Master. With diploma in his 
hand he journeyed south- 
ward, not knowing where. 
Furthermore, he told no 
one of his heart's desire 
for he was ashamed — 
ashamed to tell anyone that 
he was willing to be a 
missionary to his race. 
O Modesty, why are 
such transgressions com- 
mitted in thy name? 

He landed near Braxton, 
Miss. After some prelim- 
inary work with the more 
prominent people of the 
community he called a few 
together under a spread- 
ing cedar tree which still 
stands within the campus 
grounds of the famous 

It was there the 
school was organized. 

Within sight of the school still lives old 
Mr. Taylor, now an aged negro, who gave 
the first cash donation and deeded the first 
tract of land to the school. I had the pleas- 
ure of meeting him and can say that he is 
every inch a gentleman. 

From that day the school grew. Not 
without its difficulties, however, for few 
Southern white people have any vision re- 
garding the negro and there are many with 
limited vision in any direction. On one oc- 
casion Jones was forced to pay for a cow 
that committed accidental suicide by going 
through their barbed wire fence. Upon an- 
other occasion did he have the experience of 
having placed around his neck a hangman's 
noose. Only by Divine Providence through 
miraculous answer to prayer was he saved 
and exalted. 

There are now enrolled about three hun- 
dred students. All grades are taught begin- 
ning with kindergarten and including high 
school. The nature of their work and efforts 
is inclined to be industrial. I'm sure that 
is one of their great needs, for the people of 
that country move and act as sheep not 
having a shepherd. Industry is given the 
big place in their curriculum but ethics, 
sociology and last but not least of these "is 

The cabin which Mr. Jones found when he came 


The Missionary Visitor 


religion, or shall we say Christianity? The 
school is not denominational, neither was it 
organized for the purpose of teaching theol- 
ogy, but one need only to spend a few days 
there to know that Christ has a big part in 
the daily routine. 

Mrs. Jones, too, has much to do with 
the success of the school. I only know her 
present life and that is as much as space will 
permit. She is also versatile in her make 
up. Not only is she capable of teaching in 
the class room but I witnessed her work 
with the girls. Sewing, mending and practi- 
cally everything that goes to make up a busy 
mother's life, for that is the title she should 

Within a stone's throw of the present sub- 
stantially built girls' dormitory known as 
Dulaney Hall, stands the old cedar tree. 
Near by it stands the old log hut in which 
the first class graduated. When the school 
was organized this building was principally 
occupied by lizards and other creeping 
things so very common in that country. It 
was not a very inviting place but it served 
the purpose elegantly after some scrubbing 
had been done and several coats of white- 
wash applied. 

What I saw in Piney Woods has surely 
been a revelation to me. All through my life 
I have heard of missionaries and missionary 
efforts. I have heard their stories and be- 
lieved them. I have listened intently and 
wished I were one. Being raised in one of 
t.he Southern States I always felt that I 
knew something about the negro problem 
but I never knew it as 1 
know it now. I am now 
persuaded that love can 
work wonders when ap- 
plied in loving service. 

While there I observed 
every movement with ut- 
most care. I saw boys and 
girls going about as if they 
had caught the vision of a 
bigger life. I could see 
that they were looking for- 
ward to a life of greater 

My mission to Piney 
Woods was in answer to 
an invitation to give a 
series of religious and pa- 
triotic talks. The princi- 
pal subject was the life of 

Abraham Lincoln. Most of these talks were 
given on Sunday, Monday and Tuesday be- 
ing spent in visiting the school. 

Twelve years has brought their buildings 
and equipment from the old log hut to 
Goodwill Hall which is the main building. 
In this they have their class rooms, offices 
and chapel. Dulaney Hall is the girls' dor- 
mitory but serves temporarily several other 
purposes. They have also a good substan- 
tial building which is used for their primary 
department. Two fires have wiped out that 
number of their buildings, one of them be- 
ing the boys' dormitory. Temporary bar- 
racks serve the needs of the boys until an- 
other building can be constructed. 

In my wanderings I visited the black- 
smith shop, the carpenter shop, the green- 
houses, the barn with its silo, the electric 
light and power plant and other buildings 
too numerous to mention but each serves a 
definite purpose. 

In the hog lot were thoroughbred hogs 
which had replaced the razorbacks that had 
once roamed the pines seeking what they 
might devour. In another lot were thorough- 
bred cows, quite uncommon to even the 
native white farmers of that country. In 
the poultry division were fine looking hens. 
Woven wire had replaced the old rail fences 
on the farm and many other improvements 
had been made. 

Much of their equipment is still rather 
primitive but any of it is a big step from log 
huts and houses without any windows for 
light and ventilation. They learn to read 

Mrs. Jones and her class of girls making pine straw baskets 



The Missionary Visitor 


and write which is a big step from illiteracy. 
The Joneses have furnished the initiative 
and through their hard work and sincere 
efforts the people of the North have donated 
liberally of their means. The buildings have 
all been constructed by the boys who wished 
to earn an education. One practical me- 
chanic was the only skilled person employed 
during the whole process of making the 
brick and placing them in the walls. 

This story should never be closed without 
special mention of the activities of the girls 
and the work of Mrs. Jones. Monday is 
work day. About noon a fine big washing 
showed up on the line. In the afternoon I 
visited the shoe mending department. This 
work is also done by the girls. In the same 
building I was shown the baskets they made. 
I am convinced that no job is too hard 
for their instructor to tackle and she knows 
no such thing as failure. 

Monday evening Mr. Jones informed me 
that I was to give a talk after the regular 
class period which closed at nine forty-five. 
Having talked several times previously I 
thought they might wish to ask some ques- 
tions and suggested that they be given that 
opportunity. Forty-five minutes was the al- 
lotted time and not a moment was allowed 
to pass without its interesting question. 

The kind of -questions they asked proved 
to me that there was one particular thing 
they were vitally interested in — that thing is 
theology — just plain simple theology and 
lots of it. When I realized that we had 
spent all the time that we should spend that 
night, I closed by telling them that I had en- 

joyed being with them and wished them 
well. Upon taking my seat, one of the stu- 
dents arose rather embarrassed but made a 
very appreciative talk for my having been 
with them. This talk was proof to me that 
much progress had been made in training 
boys and girls. 

Next day two of the boys took me to the 
train and one of them said: "Mr. Smith, 
we certainly do appreciate your coming. 
Seems to us you know the Bible from Gene- 
sis to Revelation and that's what we want to 
know." Many times have I wished I did 
know the Bible as well as he suggested, but 
let that be as it may, the point I am trying 
to make is that they are hungry for the 
truth concerning Christianity. Naturally, 
being invited, my expenses were to have 
been paid by the school, but when I got 
there and saw the sacrifice of the missionary 
I could not take their money. Not until I 
had lived with missionaries for three days 
did I realize the sacrifice they really make. 

But it is a glorious work and I am sure 
that to a real missionary the sacrifice is for- 
gotten in the joy of service. In closing I 
want to say to the young that if you can't 
go to foreign lands, go South, for there is 
surely lots to do. In America we have nine 
million illiterates. If you stood by the road- 
side and watched them go by four abreast 
at regular marching pace, you would stand 
there for just four months before the last 
ones had passed. But that isn't all. If you 
stood there to watch the fifty-four millions 
of spiritual illiterates go by you would stand 
there for three long years. 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

Our Industrial School in Greene Co., Virginia 

MRS. A. F. 

ALTHOUGH the larks, robins and 
cardinals have announced spring in 
these mountains, blustery, rainy days 
with few glimpses of the sun make us believe 
that winter has not yet gone. 

The school is progressing in a very en- 
couraging manner. Even after beginning 
on the late date of Jan. 2, children continued 
to come in until the total enrollment up to 
March 19 was seventy-nine. At that time 
all the local schools were forced to close 
down for lack of funds, and in the past week 
the enrollment has been increased to about 


ninety, while more are expected in before 
long. The boarding family now numbers 
thirty and will soon be increased by the 
arrival of several more boarding children. 

On March 24 we anticipate the coming of 
Mrs. Maggie Miller and her two little girls 
of Oakton, Va. Mrs. Miller will receive a 
hearty welcome in the school where she will 
assume the duties of general house matron, 
and as a former worker in this vicinity, the 
entire community is welcoming her coming. 

Over the week end Feb. 24, 25, the school 
enjoyed the presence of Sister Bessie Rider, 


The Missionary Visitor 


returned missionary from China. Sister 
Rider was actively employed in three serv- 
ices on Sunday, namely at the school, the 
central church " Evergre n " and at " The 
Hollow." On Monday morning she also 
spoke to the school children in the regular 
chapel period. All of her messages stirred 
the keen interest of her listeners. Some 
were present who said they had never seen 
or heard a missionary before. The evening 
of her service in the chapel all the regularly 
used chairs, also the dining room stools and 
dormitory chairs were filled, and even with 
the platform steps lined with children, there 
was little room remaining for those who 
were standing. We are glad to say that the 
chairs to be permanently placed in -the 
chapel are being brought out from Char- 
lottesville today, March 23. 

Our Sunday-school is most interesting and 
encouraging. There are only four classes — 
adult, young men^ young women and juniors, 
taught respectively by the four teachers of 
the school. Sister Nelie Wampler is super- 
intendent of the school. The attendance and 
interest have been splendid, the highest num- 
ber ever present being 114, on Sunday, 
March 18. On alternate Sundays preaching 
services follow Sunday-school in the after- 
noon, or a young people's meeting is held at 
night. The young people's meeting has been 
started only recently with Bro. A. F. Bol- 
linger directing it. Bad roads and dark 
nights have handicapped the attendance con- 
siderably but the young people are much in- 
terested and the organization is one which 
will grow in value to all. 

We enjoyed a visit of the Board of Direc- 
tors of the school Mar. 13, 14 and 15. There 
was some difficulty in getting them here be- 
cause of the condition of the roads, but a 
pleasant and profitable time was spent after 
they all arrived. Plans for further building 
was one of the items of business. It was 
decided to begin at once to build a barn to 
care for the stock and crops, and later in 
the summer to build an apartment house 
large enough to accommodate two families. 
The permanent personnel of the Board was 
another important item. The membership 
of the Board was somewhat changed and 
will now consist of two members of the 
General Mission Board, two representatives 
of the Sisters' Aid Society and one represent- 
ative of the Eastern District of Virginia. 

The Board has visions of a great work to be 
done in this section. We hope the Brother- 
hood will respond to the call. 

Since the February issue of the Visitor 
came out many more donations and gifts 
have been sent to the school by Aid Socie- 
ties, Sunday-school organizations and indi- 
vidual friends. There have been gifts of 
money, books, several subscriptions to mag- 
azines, flags, bedding, towels, clothing and 
so on. For all these things we are truly 
grateful. The Sisters' Aid Societies have 
been wonderfully good in supplying us with 
the actual needs of our dormitory rooms in 
the way of bedding and in some cases other 
furnishings, as table and bureau coverings 
and rugs. For our present needs we are 
over supplied with bedding and we would 
appreciate it if now instead of sending bed- 
ding the Aid Societies would help meet some 
of our other needs. God has so richly blessed 
the work here, we feel that if each one who 
has given something could see the work, they 
would feel well repaid for their help. We 
are praying that God may continue his bless- 
ing upon us and that our efforts here may 
be fruitful for his cause. 


Dear friends, we're here to sing and praise 
Our Ladies' Aid of bygone days. 
They help the poor and feed the blind, 
And never shirk nor excuses find. 

O Ladies' Aid, dear Ladies' Aid, 
How oft in prayer we humbly plead 
That over the top we hope to be 
In nineteen hundred and twenty-three, 
To work and toil for him who died, 
Our Savior King, who was crucified. 
Their money goes to mission points, 
A Brooklyn church our Italians want; 
So it's up to us to give our mite 
That they may walk in truth and right. 


We're bound to win, we'll gain the fight 
To enlighten foreign children right. 
We'll gain the day and feel well paid 
By helping with the Ladies' Aid. 


Song composed and sung (to the tune of 
"Beulah Land") at Ladies' Aid Society, by 
Carrie Boyed. 


The Missionary Visitor 



©Ijf Qftorktra' Qnrttf r 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 



The Church School of Missions after less 
than one year's trial in the Church of the 
Brethren, has proven to be a desirable 
method of Mission Study. Some of its ad- 
vantages are as follows: It enlists all mem- 
bers of the church rather than just a few. 
It seeks to avoid any separation between 
those who are interested and those who are 
not interested in missions. It is easier to 
successfully complete a course if the mo- 
mentum of the whole church is back of the 

A text containing the essential elements in 
our own missionary history is in preparation 
and will be ready for use by the fall of 1923. 

Tithers a Great Help to Missions. " En- 
closed find check of $100.00 to be used in 
spreading the Gospel." This is the Lord's 
portion of a year and a half salary of a 
laboring man. When once all members 
tithe, our church will be able to finance a 
wonderful work for God. 

Gifts God Must Appreciate — Sacrificial. A 
young brother and sister attending one of 
our schools send in $10.00 for missions: 

" This is our tithing money that wife and 
I have saved up in the last several months. 
We are working our way through school, 
yet we find great joy in tithing our income." 


Back to the Long Grass, My Link With 
Livingstone, by Dan Crawford. Geo. H. 
Doran Co., $4. 

The author of " Thinking Black " has 
based his book on David Livingstone's last 
pioneer journey. Mile by mile he takes us 
southward through a still untouched Dark 
Continent, and as we travel he pours out for 
us the great wealth of his African knowl- 
edge. On such subjects as slavery and can- 
nibalism he speaks bluntly and with the 
backing of irrefutable facts. But the most 
noteworthy thing about the book is the 

author's rich and hearty personality, spilled 
out on every page in a style of crisp sen- 
tences and with an allusiveness that ranges 
all history and all literature to make its 
forceful points. Probably no other book is 
so mined with information about the African 
tribes and countryside. The text is enhanced 
by many beautiful photographs. 


(Continued from Page 131) 

Ruth Forney. In the going of Sister Forney 
the Board is sending the first second-gener- 
ation missionary for our church. She is the 
daughter of D. L. Forney and wife, who are 
now in India. For China, L. S. and Marie 
Woody Brubaker and Minneva Neher. For 
Africa, Dr. Homer and Marguerite Burke. 
William and Esther Beahm were approved 
for service, to go out in 1924, but their 
field has not been named yet. Bro. Beahm 
will spend the coming school year in the 
employ of the Student Volunteer Movement 
of New York, traveling among the colleges 
of America, enlisting the interest of students 
in the missionary work of our .Lord. For 
Denmark, Bertha Albin. 
South China Mission Work 

The Board definitely decided to try to 
secure an American and his wife to assume 
charge of the work in South China. The 
Board has a very good man in mind, but at 
this writing does not know for sure if he 
can be secured. 
Coast Agent for China 

A good missionary to serve as coast agent 
and treasurer of the China Mission is being 
China Agriculture Department 

Approval of the China Mission plan to 
open an agriculture department was given. 
This will provide a chance to help Chinese 
boys to learn scientific methods of farming, 
and will give a number an opportunity to 
help earn their expenses in their school 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary Standard 

Earnest discussion of the Missionary- 
Standard, which has been presented to the 
churches, was entered into to determine if 
the standard can be improved. A committee 
was appointed to bring a report to the next 
meeting of the Board. 

Missionary Cultivation of the Home Church 
Our treasurer made a report, showing that 
of our 1,000 churches, 300 of them contrib- 
uted 79 per cent of the mission money 
raised last year. These 300 churches have 
55 per cent of the total membership of the 
church. The record for them speaks well, 
but very bad for the balance of the church. 
The Board feels that there is much need to 
cultivate the home church to increase and 
spread the interest in the extension of the 
Gospel. A committee was appointed to 
make a study of the problem. 
Missionary Literature for Our Colleges 

The Protestant Mission Boards of Ameri- 
ca have jointly provided for the publication, 
of pamphlet literature on various phases of 
the foreign missionary enterprise. The Board 
decided to place a set of this literature in 
each of our college libraries. This is a part 
of the Board's program to secure workers 
who have a more thorough undertanding of 
the foreign missionary task. 
Ministerial Relief Grants 

Financial aid was approved for three 
widows of faithful ministers and for one dis- 
abled minister. 

Greene County, Virginia, Industrial School 

The Board approved a plan for the man- 
agement of the Greene County Industrial 
School, whereby there shall be a Board of 
five directors, two of whom shall be from the 
General Mission Board, two elected by the 
Sisters' Aid Society organization and one 
from the District of Eastern Virginia. 
Home Mission Reports 

The Home Secretary made encouraging 
reports from churches which the Board is 
helping to direct. The churches included 
in the report are Broadwater, Mo., Red 
Cloud, Nebr., Fruitdale, Ala., Ft. Worth, 
Tex., Rice Lake, Wis., and Carthage, Mo. 
Standards for Mission Churches 

Realizing the importance of an aggressive 
program in all churches, the Board is seek- 

ing a suitable standard of work to which a 
mission point should strive in order to re- 
ceive aid. 
District Mission Board Session at Calgary 

Since the special sessions of the District 
Mission Boards seemed so valuable at the 
Winona Conference last year, the Board 
authorized the Home Secretary, Bro. M. R. 
Zigler, to provide for similar conferencec of 
District Boards at the Calgary Conference. 
Summer Pastors 

The success of the last two years in plac- 
ing young student ministers out in needy 
mission churches caused the Board to ap- 
prove a list of young men for service this 
coming summer. 
Vacation Bible School Work in the South 

In order to enable certain southern 
churches to have Vacation Bible Schools 
the coming summer the General Mission 
and Sunday School Boards have agreed to 
jointly pay the portion of the expense which 
the churches will not be able to bear them- 
Missionary Salaries 

The standards of living have been con- 
stantly growing higher in India and China. 
Exchange rates are not favorable T:o the mis- 
sionary as they were after the war. For 
some time missionaries have found it a prob- 
lem how to meet their bare living expenses. 
Many of them have solved it by drawing on 
their friends or relatives for sufficient money 
to tide them along. The Board has hesi- 
tated for several years in making any new 
advances, but now feels it unfair to the 
workers over there to put it off any longer. 
The missionaries who are now in their first 
term of service have been raised $50 per 
year, and those serving beyond their first 
term are to receive $100 increase, bringing 
their supports up to $500 and $550, respec- 
tively. The rates for children remain un- 
Biblical Training for Missionaries 

A decision regarding training for mission- 
aries, made at the December, 1922, meeting 
of the Board, was somewhat misunderstood, 
and the Board made a ruling that whenever 
possible missionaries should have a special 
biblical course. 
India Vocational Training School 

This school has been in contemplation 

(Continued on Page 160) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Your name 
and address 


General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 

For Aunt Adalyn. 



My dear Juniors: What a crowd here tonight! 
And not a boy in the lot! Among grownups it 
would be called a " hen party." Say, girls, I like 
boys, don't you? Don't any of you have brothers 
big enough to go "out into society" with you? 

Speaking of contests, I have one to propose. My 
reason is this: Some of you have been breaking rules 
in writing your letters. Six of them in this issue 
were written with a lead pencil. Some sheets did 
not fit the envelope, and could not be folded neatly. 
And most of you wrote on both sides of the sheet. 
Now any one who writes for publication must 
mind some rules. The simplest are these: 

1. Use tablet paper, if possible, and not stationery 
for social correspondence. The paper should be of 
good enough quality so the ink will not spread. 

2. Use a good pen, and good ink. 

3. Write on one side of the sheet only. 

4. Let the width of the sheet be the same as the 
length of Jhe envelope, so it can be tucked in with- 
out doubling over the ends of the folded sheet. 

To these rules I want to add some emphatic 
" don'ts." Don't all write your letters as if they 
were cut over the same pattern. For instance: 
Nearly all of you say, " I have been reading the 
Junior Missionary letters for some time and enjoy 
them very much. So I would like to join your circle 
too." Now of course that is the way you feel, but 
when a dozen of you say the same thing in one 
issue, it gets a little monotonous, don't you think? 
Then, " I am twelve years old," " I like to go to 
school," " I am in the eighth grade," " I would like 
for some one to write to me." I had to trim some 
of these letters before allowing to be printed. 
Ask your schoolteacher to give you some lessons 
in composition. I am glad to say you all put the 
address on the envelope correctly. 

To make your letter interesting, think of some- 
thing nobody else has said. One girl wrote me 
(in lead pencil), copying almost word for word 
another girl's letter. For a sample of style I com- 
mend the letters of Lois Ebey and Sarah Pressel. 

Of course, they should not be very long, or we 
could not get very many in one number. As it 
is, I am afraid the managing editor will soon 
advise us to put out the light and go to bed! 

Now this is the contest: I would like to see who 
can write the best letter, considering neatness, 
good composition, interesting happenings, and orig- 
inality. Don't be like everybody else! Let your 
style identify you — same as a wart on your chin! 
The best letter every month will receive "honorable 
mention." Now, boys and girls (you see I said 
boys first), go to it! 

Aunt Adalyn. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I do wish you and the other 
Juniors had been here a few minutes ago. I know 
you would have wondered what the noise was 
all about. Since you were not here, I thought you 
might be interested in knowing what was going on. 

Just now the offering is being lifted > for the 
District Meeting, which will be held here in a few 
days. That the boys and girls of the boarding 
schools may have something to give, they deny 
themselves of a meal a day for a week, or do 
without some kinds of food. Our girls had decided 
to do without their morning meal for a week, and 
then later decided to do without it for two weeks, 
so as to have more to give into the offering. They 
also went without gorl (a kind of sugar), which 
they get once a week. Now their deciding this 
did not make the noise about which _ I spoke, but 
a suggestion was made by the missionary that if 
they had anything they wanted to sell they should 
bring it to us and we would give them money, and 
they could put that into the offering, too. Juniors, 
what do you suppose happened? This is what 
made the noise, too. When the missionary started 
for the bungalow, a large crowd of girls followed 
her, and began taking off their rings, bracelets 
and other jewelry and gave them in exchange 
for money to put into the offering. Just how many 
pieces of jewelry were collected I do not know at 
present, but had you seen how readily the girls 
did this, I am sure you would have felt like prais- 
ing the Lord. If you were here we might give you 
some of these things for a keepsake to remind you 
of what some of the girls of India were willing 
to do in order to get money to give for the Lord's 
work. The District Meeting offering is used for 
home mission work, so as you are giving money for 
the work here, these boys and girls are giving to 
helo other boys and girls. 

Now I must say " Good-bye." 

Vyara, Surat District, India. Sara G. Replogle. 

If the cost of sending were not prohibitive. I would 
like to ask for a few of those trinkets to keep in 
our curio drawer. Those girls are early learning the 
beautiful spirit of sacrifice. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have received letters from 
several Juniors, and was very glad for them. I 
love reading the " Junior Missionary " page, and 
alwavs look for it first. I have been at Landour, 
in the Himalaya Mountains, for nine months at 
school. I went in March. My mother and sister 
were with me until the first of June. Then I 
lived with Uncle Bloughs for a month. After they 
left, I went to stay with some other missionaries 
near the school. Lucile Forney came later. In 
November both of us went into the Boarding. She 
is my classmate and my special friend. She went 
home about the 4th of December, but I stayed 


The Missionary Visitor 


until the 18th, because I took the Preliminary Cam- 
bridge examination. My question papers were sent 
from Cambridge University in England and the 
answers were sent back to be graded. I reached 
home on the 22nd. There is no railroad in Landour. 
We came down the mountains in dandies to Rajpur, 
eight miles away. Dandies are carried by four 
men and resemble sedan chairs. Then we went in 
a motor seven miles farther to Dehra Dun, where 
our party of sixteen took the train about _ noon. 
We changed trains at Delhi, the historic capital of 
India. Uncle Forney met me at Baroda. About 
10 o'clock the third morning I reached Bulsar. The 
next morning Uncle Wagoners, Miss Kintner and I 
started homeward. At Kala Amba _ station we 
started for a twenty-four mile ride in a spring 
wagon drawn by oxen. All rode % in the spring 
wagon except Elizabeth Wagoner and me. We 
rode in a two-wheeled cart_ drawn by buffaloes. It 
was fun, even if it did jolt us. We spent the 
night in a little native hut, and reached Ahwa 
the next day. About a mile from home my mother 
and sister came to meet me. I was very glad to 
see them and get home again. 

Your friend, 

Ahwa, Dangs, India. Lois Ebey. 

You have had enough experience already for the 
whole bunch of us! I am afraid not many of us 
would want to give up our automibiles for a 
" dandy," except for a " lark." 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I have been reading and en- 
joying the letters from the other Juniors ever 
since you have conducted the circle, and I would 
like to join, although I am in _ the Intermediate 
class in Sunday-school. I am thirteen, and in the 
second year of High School. I would like for some 
Junior to write to me. I am sending the answers 
to " Broken Church Furniture " and " Hidden 
Countries." Yours truly, 

Nokesville, Va. Gladys V. Sanger. 

We don't draw the line precisely at Juniors — In- 
termediates are welcome too — in fact,- anybody that 
feels young enough to join in the conversation. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have always wanted to sit 
by your lamp and talk with you all, but somehow 
I have neglected doing so. This evening when I 
read the letters from the other girls I told mama 
I was going to write (she always wanted me to). 
I am going to write to Sarah Gnagey, from Illinois, 
because her letter interested me. I hope she an- 
swers, because I think I will like her. I am twelve 
years old, and in the eighth grade. 

Yours sincerely, 

Frances Steigner. 

402 E. Walnut Lane, Germantown, Phila., Pa. 

Pretty soon it will be warm enough to extinguish 
the lamp and sit on the veranda. Won't that be 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am ready to join your circle, 
as I would like to get acquainted with you folks, 
and also hear from you through letters. I at- 
tend Sunday-school nearly every Sunday. I am 
ten years old, and in the fifth grade at school. I 
have three brothers and one sister, but they are 
all married. With love, 

Bremen, Ind. Dorcas E. Blake. 

Looks as if you were the baby of the family! But 
when you are grown, some man will be looking for 
a " Dorcas," no doubt. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I enjoy the letters, so I am 
here to ask if I may join the circle. I am fourteen 
years old, and a student of the "Union District 
High School " of Aurora. I have been a member 
of the Church of the Brethren for almost six years. 
I have no brothers and only one sister. My mother 
is a widow. My home is on a farm of 150 acres, near 
Oakland, Md. I have not been there much for the 
last two years, but expect to spend my summer 
vacation there, which will begin the last of June. 
I wish some of the Juniors would write to me. 
Lovingly yours, 

Aurora, W. Va. Prema Bittinger. 

What with haying, and churning, and picnick- 

ing, and munching " Early Harvest " apples, what 
nice times you are going to have! You are not 
afraid of a little tan, are you? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I go to school at Brookside. 
I am eleven years old and in the sixth grade. I 
have two miles to go to school, and have not missed 
a day. But I do not get to Sunday-school and 
church very often in the winter, as it is three miles 
to our nearest church. I enjoy the letters very 
much. Lovingly yours, 

Oakland, Md . Wilma Bittinger. 

Wouldn't it be nice to have paved roads all over 
the country? We'd all feel like "hiking" then. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: When I wrote to you the 
other time, I lived in Pennsylvania. Now I live in 
California. The trip to California is very inter- 
esting. We started one evening and traveled four 
and one-half days. We left in September and it 
was beginning to get cold. But as we got farther 
and farther west it grew warmer. We saw many 
rivers and lakes. One town we got off at had a 
1 arge sundial in the center of a lawn, made entirely 
of white stones. At this place we changed time. 
While crossing the desert, we saw nothing but 
cactus plants and small shrubs. Sometimes we saw 
a large ranch, with cowboys on horseback. We 
could see tourists from the train window. There 
were mountains which seemed only a short distance 
away, but were really 25 or 30 miles off. The 
hottest place on our trip was Needles, Calif. We 
arrived there as night fell, and as we got off 
our car for a few minutes, some Indian women came 
out to sell us beadwork and other things. All along 
the way were the " Harvey Eating Houses." Every 
mealtime the train stopped at one of these houses. 
Your friend, 

_ „ . Sara Pressel. 

Fresno, Calif., Route A, Box 242. 

That trip will be something to remember as long 
as you live. Do you ever expect to come back 
east again? Will you go to the Calgary Con- 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: We live in Fresno, the 
center of California. Just now the wild flowers 
are all in bloom. The fields certainly look beauti- 
ful. The birds are here to keep us company when 
we are lonesome. The measles and the chicken 
pox are going around now. There" are also a few 
casts of diphtheria. It is a very sad thing to read 
in the papers about all the deaths caused by these 
diseases. Now I will tell you a little bit about our 
class at Sunday-school. We are having very inter- 
esting lessons now. There are three boys and six 
girls, but it is still very unevenly balanced. We 
are having a contest now between two classes to 
see who can read the most chapters in the Bible 
a week. Last Sunday we had one hundred and 
nineteen, and a boy and a girl were absent. We 
also have Junior Band in the evening. It is very 
interesting too. There we get our practice in 
praying and leading the meeting. 

Yours truly, 

Fresno, Calif., Route A, Box 230. Martha Stayer. 

How things are mixed up in this world — beautiful 
flowers, measles, sunshine, gnats, green grass, burrs, 
oranges, and blizzards! Can you figure out some 
good from all of them? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I read my letter in the 
Visitor. In the poem, " Billy's Questions," is a 
line that reads, '" Mama, what are preachers for?" 
My father is a preacher. I think I will keep the 
poem, " Billy's Questions." I hope Billy will be a 
missionary. There is a poem in a book that my 
sister got for Christmas. It goes like this: 

" Oh, animals dear, just listen and hear 
The sorriest thing I've heard — 
That a lady so fair is accustomed to wear 

In her bonnet a poor dead bird. 
I knew if you knew you'd all cry too 

For a terrible thing like that. 
I love to see a bird in a tree, 
But not in a lady's hat." 
Egeland. N. Dak. Maxine Williams. 


The Missionary Visitor 


How many birds of North Dakota are you ac- 
quainted with? Do you have groves to invite them 
to make their nests? When do you begin making 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I would like to join your 
circle. I am a little girl nine years old. I went 
to school most all fall and winter. I am in the 
third grade. I go to the Brethren Sunday-school. 
I would love to hear from other girls. 

Fountain City, Tenn., Route 3. Gladys Masters. 

I expect you will be smelling the blossoms before 
Maxine does. What is your favorite fruit? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I was a little too bashful to 
come sooner, but I'm here now. I am thirteen 
years old, and in the eighth grade at school. 
Next year I expect to go to high school. We are 
having so much rainy weather just now. The 
Branch Creek is ready to overflow its banks any 
time. I can hardly wait until spring comes. I 
would like a girl of my age to write to me. 
Your friend, 

Telford, Pa., Route 2. Elsie Ziegler. 

Which do you like best — wading, boating, fishing, 
or just looking at the water? There is something 
about water — shining streams or babbling brooks — 
that always fascinates me. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I enjoy reading the letters 
so much. I am eight years old. I like to go to 
school. I am in the third grade. My teacher is 
Miss Easton. My Sunday-school teacher is Miss 
Morrison. I am sending some answers to puzzles. 
Your loving niece, 

Woodland, Mich. Lavon Geiger. 

I had a sample of Michigan apples last fall, and 
they were very fine. Do you have all you can 
eat? They are very healthful, you know. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have been reading the let- 
ters for quite a long time. I have cracked the 
" Nuts " for March. I tried to crack them for 
February, but I did not know how. I am twelve 
years of age and am in the sixth grade in school. 
I go to the Harleysville Grammar School. I wish 
some of the Juniors would write letters to me. 
Yours truly, 

Harleysville, Pa. Blanche Price. 

Do you know anything about Abraham H. Cassel, 
who lived at Harleysville, and his wonderful library? 
It would be a liberal education to browse among 
his books. 

Degrees of Comparison 

1. A surname. 2. An instrument used for bor- 
ing. 3. A month. 

1. A charge. 2. An emotion. 3. A banquet. 

1. Bread before it is baked. 2. An opening. 3. 
To be plied with medicine. 

1. A prefix. 2. The heart of an apple. 3. The 

1. An ornamental knot. 2. To drill through. 3. 
To brag. 

1. To color. 2. Dreadful. 3. Cut into cubes. 

1. A meadow. 2. To look askance. 3. The most 

' 1. The cry of a crow. 2. A Hebrew measure. 
3. The price. 

(To give you a hint, the answer to the first is— 
Ogg, Auger, August.) 

A Clamor in the Zoo 

1. Pinch me eza. 

2. Real pod. 

3. Rose or chin. 

4. Ula, B off. 

5. Peal tone. 

6. Me dry road. 

7. Then leap.' 

8. No rag oak. 

9. Cure in pop. 

10. To mop up a ship. 

Cross Word 

I am composed of seven letters. 
My first is in sick, but not in well. 
My next is in read, but not in spell. 
My third is in love, but not in hate. 
My fourth is in Grace, but not in Kate. 
My fifth is in walk, but not in ride. 
My sixth is in run, but not in slide. 
My seventh is in gray, but not in brown. 
My whole is a large Canadian town. 
(Answers next month) 

April Nuts Cracked 
Bird-house Upset.-l. Robin. 2. Goldfinch 3 
Sandpiper. 4. Kinglet. 5. Redstart. 6. Grouse 
7.. Pelican. 8. Sparrow. 9. Chickadee. 10 Wax 

r4 mg Thr^he r 0ve K bird W "i ? ri ° le ' 13 ' bluebird. 
G 4 racS. ra l8. er Canary W °° dpeCker - * Wren ' 17 " 

3 Hid B,Tti^ eriCa ^ Cit ^T?' PortIan d. 2. Albany. 
£ Baltimore. 4. Rochester. 5. Denver 6 

10?" Toledo. M ° bile - 8 - Wheeli "S- 9. Sa V nt r a Fe! 
Cross Word.— Nehemiah. 


This little flower I bring to you— 
For your birthday I think it grew; 
May every petal sweetly say, 
I wish you lots of joy today! 


The newspapers of Cincinnati record that 
a poorly dressed woman went to Dr. George 
Herman asking him to make an X-ray ex- 
amination of her heart free of cost. She 
said she was very poor and couldn't pay. 
The doctor consented to do the work. But 
when he turned his machine a little below 
the^ heart he saw a concealed pocket in 
which was a purse with five twenty dollar 
gold pieces. "Your heart is very bad," h» 
said, "you lied when you said you were poor." 
In like manner all secret things will come 
to light before God. 

A little boy was on. the scales, and be- 
ing very anxious to outweigh his playmate 
he puffed out his cheeks and swelled out 
like a frog. But the playmate was a wiser 
boy. "Oho!" he cried in scorn, "that 
doesn't do any good; you can only weigh 
what you are!" How true this is of us 
bigger children who try to impress our- 
selves—and, yes, sometimes God Almighty 
— by the virtues we should like to have! 
It doesn't do any good. " You can only 
weigh what you are." — Wellspring. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Nora E. Berkebile 
I'm a widow, a poor little widow 

Who is only ten years old; 
When only a child they gave me away 

To an old man for his gold. 

They sent me away from mother's home 

Only two years ago, 
And I was the old man's little slave 

From morn till sun was low. 

He called me wife — me a little girl, 

And oh, he abused me so! 
But now he is dead, the cruel old man, 

And my heart is full of woe. 

I wept today and you wonder why, 

You think I should be glad, 
But oh, my troubles are beginning now, 

And I always shall be sad. 

They kick me about because he died, 
They say for sins I have done. 

The gods were angry and took him away — 
For those sins I must atone. 

I am their drudge — on me is laid 

The blame for every wrong, 
And oh, my life, this little life, 

I can not endure it long! 

My ringlets dark — my beautiful hair, 
From my head was closely shorn; 

My pretty clothes and jewels changed 
From a sarde faded and worn. 

My seat is the worst in all the house, 

I eat when all are through. 
And never again can I hope to have 

That which is bright or new. 

Oh, how I cried and wept and prayed 

And clung to mother dear, 
But gold and custom are so strong 

'Twas that which brought me here. 

Somewhere I've heard that far away 

Beyond our western sea, 
Young girls like me are still at home, 

Living a life so free. 

Pve heard it said that in that land 

Young girls are never sold, 
And sent away from mother's arms 

To old men for their gold. 

Oh, is it true, pale sister dear, 
That widows are happy there, 

That little girls are never wives, 
But safe in mother's care? 

You say 'tis true, my dear pale friend? 

Then why not to us come 
And free us from these toils and woes, 

Or find for us a home? 

If any one speaks evil of you let your 
life be so that none will believe him. 

When you retire to bed think over what 
you have been doing during the day. 


Dandy was a manse pet. He lived in Amer- 
ica. Now American stories are sometimes 
:onsidered rather "tall," but you need not get 
out the saltcellar, because I know and love 
his master so well that I can assure you this 
"tail" does not require a grain of salt! Dan- 
dy's one fault was jealousy, and one day, 
when a little girl came to tea at the manse 
the doggie was annoyed to see her having a 
good time, and forgot his better self so far 
as to jump up and bite her arm. Oh, what a 
scene of consternation! Dandy's mispress 
at once said, " Bad, wicked dog! You can- 
not go to the prayer meeting tonight." Oh, 
the head-hanging and the tail-hanging, and 
I think one or two silent tears fell too, for 
Dandy quite understood! He made no at- 
tempt to go with the family, as he always 
had done before, when they left home for 
the evening service, and for the first time in 
his life he was left lamenting. It was more 
than canine flesh and blood could bear, and 
after a few minutes' thought he determined 
to follow. Whilst the minister was at pray- 
er, a trembling little penitent crept up to his 
accustomed place in the reading-desk and 
seemed to bow his head in the petitions. 
Prayer finished, the minister would have ex- 
pelled Dandy, but some one came up and 
whispered, " Please don't send him home — 
may I take him into the vestry?" So he was 
led into the room adjoining, where he waited 
quietly till it was time to go home, and his 
punishment was over. I think it had taught 
him the foolish uselessness of jealousy, 
which brings so much sorrow into the world 
and adds no joy. — The Rising Tide. 

A father had a vicious kicking horse that 
he was anxious to sell. While trying to 
make a bargain with a man to purchase the 
horse, he said, " That horse is so gentle 
my little girl could go up behind him and 
twist his tail, and he would not raise a 
hoof." The child overheard the father's 
lie, and believed it. One day, being left 
alone in the barn, she tried the experiment 
and was killed. What do you think of that 
father's salesmanship? 

" A Christian should be like a piano — 
square, grand, and upright." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Forward Movement Goal 

For the year ending Feb. 28, 1924 


M25.000 — 

400,000 — 

375,000 — 

350,000 — 

325,000 — 

300,000 — 

275,000 — 

250,000 — 

225,000 — 

200,000 — 

175,000 — 

150,000 — 

125,000 - 

100,000 — 

75,000 — 

50,000 -. 

25,000 - 





(0 u 

= •■* 

.S E 





Tract Distribution. During the month of March, 
the Board sent out 3,997 tracts. 

Conference Offering, 1922. The Conference (For- 
ward Movement) offering for the year ending Feb. 
28, 1923, at this time stands as follows: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

1922, $231,879.84 

Pledges outstanding 9,333.03 

Total, $241,212.87 

(The 1922 Budget, $334,500 is 72.1% raised.) 
Conference Offering, 1923. The special financial 
effort to raise in cash and pledges the 1923 Budget 
of $435,500 will take place in May; hence at this 
time, April 1, there can only be reported: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

1923, $ 8,954.46 

March Receipts. The following contributions for 

the various funds were received during March: 

California— $80.50 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Community Helpers" 
Class, McFarland, $ 5 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Geo. H. Bashor (M. N.) 
(Glendora) $.50; S. L. Gross & Wife (Santa 

Ana) $50; Indv. : Annetta Yarger, $25 75 50 

Colorado— $3.00 

Cong.: Mary E. Haney (Wiley), 3 00 

Illinois— $159.24 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. E. West (M. N.) 
(Mt. Morris) $.50; E. B. Hoff (M. N.) (Chi- 
cago) $.50; J. W. Fyock (M. N.) (Pine 
Creek) $.50; A Brother (Waddams Grove) 
$100; Elizabeth Gnagey (Chicago) $2; S. S.: 
Adult Bible Class, Douglas Park Mission 
(Chicago) $15.74; Chelsea (Waddams Grove) 
$15, 134 24 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. H. H. Kindig (Pan- 
ther Creek) 25 00 

Indiana — $97.26 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eel River Cong. & S. 
S., $18.16; Ruby Crull (Salamonie) $10; Indv.: 
Daniel Shank, $1.25, 29 41 

No. Dist., Cong.: Goshen City, $46.85; J. 
W. Grater (M. N.) (2nd So. Bend) $.50; 
Eli Roose (M. N.) (LaPorte) $.50 47 85 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rossville, $10; Myrtie 
Foust (Anderson) $5; A Sister (New Hope) 

$5, 20 00 

Iowa— $24.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ankeny, $6; Robert L. 
Sink (M. N.) (Des Moines Valley) $.50, .... 6 50 

No. Dist., Cong.: N. W. Miller (Waterloo) 

$6; Samuel Fike (So. Waterloo) $12 18 00 

Kansas— $18.33 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. B. S. Katherman 
(Lawrence), 2 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Conway Springs, $6.33; 

J. D. Yoder (Monitor) $10, 16 33 

Maryland— $134.32 

E. Dist., S. S. : Westminster (Meadow 
Branch), 24 32 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: John A. Meyers (Lick- 
ing Creek) $10; S. S. : Pleasant View, p6; 
Young Men's Bible Class, Pleasant View, 
$5; "Willing Workers" Class, Pleasant 

View, $19, 110 00 

Michigan— $97.50 

Cong.: Beaverton, $11.37; Woodland, $6.60; 
Woodland Village, $34.28; Zion, $13; New 
Haven, $27.50; Indv.: Mrs. Alte . Mason, 

$4.75 97 50 

Missouri— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Elda Gauss (Center- 
view), 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Long (Broadwater) 

$5; S. S.: Broadwater, $5, 10 00 

Nebraska— $9.50 

Cong.: Ira Vanderkolk (Octavia) $4.50; 


The Missionary Visitor 



Mary A. Hargleroad (Silver Lake) $5, 

North Carolina— $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Sarah Cornish, 

North Dakota— $20.21 

Cong.: D. T. Dierdorff (M. N.) (Surrey) 

$.50; S. S.: Surrey, $19.71, 

Ohio— $34.76 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Sugar Creek, 

So. Dist., Cong.: W. C. Teeter (Dayton) 
$1.20; Daniel West (Pleasant Hill) $5; S. 
S.: Bethel (Salem) $12.07; Indv.: A Sister, 

Oklahoma— $20.00 

S. S. : "Live Wire" Class, Antelope 


Oregon— $8.60 

Cong.: L. S. Davidson (Baridon) $2; S. S. : 

Bandon, $6.60, 

Pennsylvania— $1,149.94 

E. Dist., Cong.: Springville, $16; White 
Oak, $79.23; W. Green Tree, $81; E. Fair- 
view, $33.62; Chiques, $109.48; Annville, $31.50; 
Ridgely, $21.31; Galen Kilhefner (Ephrata) 
$5; Mrs. Ellen Geessaman (Lancaster) $2.60; 
Fanny Yoder (Maiden Creek) $1; C. W. S.: 
Mingo, $27.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Browns Mill (Falling 
Spring) $5.28; Indv.: Frank S. Ebersole, 
$4 92 

S. ' E." ' Dist!,' ' Cong. : ' Green ' 'Tree,' ' '$500; 
Coventry, $230; Individual (Royersford) $1, 

W. Dist., A. J. Beeghly (M. N.) (Rummel), 

Texas— $250.00 

Cong.: Samuel Badger & Wife (Manvel), 
Virginia— $130.05 

E. Dist., Fairfax, $45.65; E. E. Blough 
(Manassas) $3; S. S. : Evergreen (Mt. Car- 
mel) $10.50, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $9; F. 
W. Cupp (Cooks Creek) $1, 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chimney Run, $3.50; 
Middle River, $56.40; J. H. Cline (Staunton) 


Washington— $4.00 

Cong.: A. T. Frantz (Wenatchee) $2; 
Reuben Miller (Wenatchee) $2, 

West Virginia— $2.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Susan Harnly (Alle- 

9 50 

2 00 

20 21 
14 49 

20 27 

20 00 

8 60 

408 24 

10 20 

731 00 

250 00 

59 15 
10 00 

60 90 

4 00 
2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2,260 71 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year $2,260 71 

Illinois— $65.50 

No. Dist. Students & Faculty of Bethany 

Bible School, 65 50 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

Cong.: Orpha Loshbaugh (Hollow), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

70 50 

Total for the year, $ 

California — $43.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc. : Pasadena, $26; Covina, 


Illinois— $15.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Dixon, 

Indiana— $74.25 

No. Dist., Aid Societies 

Iowa— $183.50 

No. la., Minn. & S. D. Aid Societies 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Monroe Co., $31; Ot- 

tumwa, $5, . . .• 

Kansas— $34.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Rock Creek, $22; 

Abilene, $12, 

Maryland— $65.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Manor, 

Nebraska— $60.18 

Aid Societies, 

70 50 

43 00 

15 00 

74 25 

[47 50 

36 00 

34 00 

65 00 

60 18 

North Dakota— $68.75 

Cong.: Cando, $6.75; Mrs. Emily Keltner 
(Williston) $4; Mrs. Sylvan Stemen (Edge- 
ley) $1; Mrs. Brown (Edgeley) $1; Aid Soc: 
Zion, $5; Pleasant Valley, $30; Kenmare, $8; 
"Helping Hand," Berthold, $5; C. W. S. : 
Golden Willow, $2; Indv.: Mrs. J. E. Gless- 

ner, $5, 68 75 

Ohio— $335.20 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies, 200 20 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Minnie E. Vore 
(Lima) 2 50 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, 132 50 

Pennsylvania — $101.00 

E. Dist. Aid Soc: Elizabethtown 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, $15; Spring Run, 

S. E. Dist. Aid Soc: Geiger (Philadelphia) 
$25; Parker Ford (for window shades) $21, 
Virginia— $104.00 

E. Dist. Aid Societies, 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Harrisonburg, $50'; 
Greenmount, $50, 100 00 

15 00 

40 00 

46 00 


Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, ...... 

1,083 88 

Total for the year $ j ( 083 


Illinois— $5.00 

,J??- Dist ' CoTi S-: L. D. Young & Wife 
(Chicago), * 

Ohio— $15.00 

N W. Dist., Cong.: Esther Kintner (Lick 


Pennsylvania — $42.95 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: First Philadelphia, .... 

Total for the month 

Total previously reported, !, 

5 00 

15 00 
42 95 

■ $ 

62 95 


Total for the year, $ 


Illinois — $7.50 

,J? -- N Dist > S.S.: Young People's Dept. 
(Elgin), _ 

Pennsylvania— $111.51 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, 

Virginia— $24.50 

First Dist., Cong.: Johnsville, $19.50; S. S.- 

Johnsville, $5, 

62 95 

7 50 
111 51 

24 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Illinois — $2.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Martin Wilson (Lanark)$ 

Pennsylvania— $17.75 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: First Philadelphia, 

143 51 

143 51 

2 00 
17 75 

19 75 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 1975 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, $ 10 00 

Iowa— $60.00 

Cong.: Garrison, 60 00 

Michigan— $10.00 

Cong.: Woodland, 10 00 

Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville, 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $17.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 

Class, Everett 17 50 

Virginia— $20.00 

Sec Dist., Aid Soc: Bridgewater, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 132 50 

Total previously reported 00 

Total for the year, $ 132 50 


The Missionary Visitor 



California— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept. (Pasadena), 25 00 

Indiana— $20.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept. (Man- 
chester) 20 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

S. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Senior, Independ- 
ence, 25 00 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: Mary A. Hargleroad (Silver Lake), 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $136.25 

E. Dist., S. S. : " Other Folks " Class, Hat- 
field, $8.75; Middlecreek (W. Conestoga) $35; 
Aid Soc: W. Green Tree, $17.50, 6125 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Alice E. Long (First 
Altoona), 40 00 

S. E. Dist., C. E. Soc: Parkerford, 35 00 

Total for the month, $ 208 75 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 208 75 

Indiana— $50.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Anderson, 

Kansas— $90.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Servants of the Mas- 
ter" Class, Morrill, 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Miami, 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: " Sunshine Band" Meadow 

Michigan— $12.50 

Cong.: Dr. & Mrs. C. M. Mote (Beaver- 

Ohio— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Hart- 

N. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Sugar Creek, 

Oregon— $87.50 

S. S.: Newberg, $12.50; "Friendship" 
Class, Portland, $25; C. W. S. : Myrtle Point, 


Pennsylvania— $112.50 

So. Dist., S. S. : " Sunbeam " Class, Ridge, 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary & Junior 
Depts., First Philadelphia, $25; "Help One 
Another" Class, First Philadelphia, $25, .. 

W. Dist., S. S.: " Willing Workers " Class, 
Pike (Brothersvalley) $25; " Comrades " 

class, Purchase Line (Manor), $25, 

Virginia— $43.75 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Mill Creek, 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Summit, $25; Oak 
Grove, (Lebanon), $12.50 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 

Minnesota— $5.00 

Cong.: P. A. Nickey (Hancock), 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported 

Total for the year $ 

Illinois— $1.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 63795, Louisa (Wad- 
dams Grove) 

50 00 

50 00 
40 00 

25 00 

12 50 

25 00 
25 00 

87 50 

12 50 

50 00 

50 00 

6 25 

37 50 

471 25 

471 25 

5 00 
5 00 


Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 

Indiana — $10.46 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roann, 

5 00 

1 00 

1 00 

1 00 

10 46 

Pennsylvania — $31.76 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lebanon, $17.06; Reformed 
Church, Elizabethtown, $5; Mechanicsburg, 
$3; C. W. S. : Palmyra, $5; Farm Women's 

Soc: $1.70, 31 76 

Virginia— $11.21 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel 11 21 

Washington — $1.00 

Cong.: Reuben Breshears (Omak), 100 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 

Illinois — $50. 

No. Dist., S. S. : Franklin, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

54 43 

54 43 

50 00 

50 00 

Total for the year, $ 50 00 

Pennsylvania — $35.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Huntingdon 35 00 

Total for the month $ 35 00 

Total previously reported, " 00 

Total for the year, $ 35 00 


Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: Mary A. Hargleroad (Silver Lake), 2 50 

Pennsylvania — $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 63776 (Lost Creek), . 2 00 

Total for the month $ 450 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 450 

California— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: " Friendship " Bible Class, 


Indiana — $6.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Shining Star" Class, 

White Branch (Nettle Creek), 

Kansas— $50.57 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Servants of the 
Master" Class, Morrill, 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: "Comrades" Class, 


Ohio— $35.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: "King's Daughters" 
Class, Lima, 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Dorcas Sisters" Class, 
W. Milton, 

Pennsylvania— $118.75 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Andrew & Philip" 
Class, Lancaster, 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: " Truthseekers " Class, 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Always There" Class, 

Total for the month $ 235 57 

Total previously reported, 00 

25 00 

6 25 

25 00 

25 57 

10 00 

25 00 

50 00 

50 00 

18 75 

Total for the year, $ 235 57 

Iowa — $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Coon River), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 5 00 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Ondv.: Annettat Yarger, 5 00 

Canada— $43.10 

Cong.: Irricana, $26.10; S. S. : Second, Ir- 
ricana, $12; Aid Soc: Irricana, $5, 43 10 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $37.26 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pine Creek, $21; Milledge- 
ville, $2.51, ". 23 51 

So. Dist., Cong.: Oakley, 13 75 

Indiana— $46.78 

Mid. Dist, Cong.: Peru 2100 

No. Dist., Cong.: Center, $20.33; Auburn, 

$5.45, 25 78 

Kansas— $1,031.40 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ottawa, $16.40; Chas. 
Glaser by H. L. Brammel (Ozawkie) $1,000, 1,016 40 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Larned, $5; J. D. Yoder 

(Monitor) $10, 15 00 

Maryland— $78.31 

E. Dist., Cong.: Locust Grove, $11.01; Mrs. 
Grossnickle, (Monocacy) $5; C. W.-S. : Union 
Bridge (Pipe Creek) $23.80 39 81 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : Manor, 38 50 

Missouri— $19.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Bethel (Bethel) 19 00 

New Mexico— $5.00 

Indv. : Cora Brower, 5 00 

Ohio— $46.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Baltic, $40.50; Eliza- 
beth Toms (Owl Creek) $6, 46 50 

Oregon— $31.00 

Cong. : Portland, 31 00 

Pennsylvania— $486.44 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, $60.13; Conewago, 
$41.53; Lancaster, $40; S. S. : Primary Dept., 
Spring Creek, $15; Lansdale (Hatfield) $75; 
Midway, $30; Lebanon (Midway) $50, 31166 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 63775 (Lost Creek), 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Pottstown, $67.21; 
Norristown, $5; Individual (Royersford) $2; 
S. S.: Junior Dept., 1st Philadelphia, $12.50, 86 71 

W. Dist., Cong.: Glade Run, $12.07; Wal- 
nut Grove, $11; Lewis Keiper -(Walnut 
Grove) $25; W. J. Hamilton & Wife (Rock- 
wood) $10; S. S.: Morrellville, $25, 83 07 

Texas— $50.00 

Cong.: Samuel Badger & Wife (Manvel), .. 50 00 

Virginia— $86.31 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, 66 16 

No. Dist., Cong. & S. S.: Flat Rock, $12.65; 
S. S.: Mt. Zion (Greenmount) $7.50, 20 15 

Total for the month, $ 1,966 10 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 1,966 10 

California— $10.00 

So. Dist., In memory of Katie L. Gibbel 

(deceased) (Pasadena), 10 00 

Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Mexico, 15 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Liberty, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 35 00 

Total previously reported 00 

Total for the year, $ 35 00 

Alabama — $1.80 

S. S.: Cedar Creek, 180 

Iowa— $4.40 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. H. Lichty (So. Water- 
loo), 4 40 

Kansas— $21.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: E. E. McElwain & 
Wife (Osage) $10; Francis McElwain (Osage) 
$1, 1100 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder (Monitor), 10 00 

North Dakota— $9.30 

S. S.: Egeland, 9 30 

Virginia— $40.64 

E. Dist., S. S.: Valley, $13; Nokesville, 
$10 23 00 

No. Dist., Cong. & S. S. : Flat Rock, 12 64 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Moscow (Elk Run), 5 00 

Washington — $5.00 

Cong.: James Wagoner & Wife (Okanogan 
Valley), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 82 14 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 82 14 


Pennsylvania — $102.09 

E. Dist., Cong.: Big Swatara, 102 09 

Total for the month, $ 102 09 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year $ 102 09 


California — $5.00 * 

No. Dist., Cong.: Unknown donor (Laton), 5 00 

Illinois— $3.20 

So. Dist., Cong.: Champaign, ■ 3 20 

Kansas — $10.30 

S. W. Dist., C. W. Band (Pleasant View), 10 30 
Maryland — $3.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Theresa S. Forney (Piney 
Creek), 3 00 

Michigan— $66.40 

Cong.: Woodland, $60.40; Indv.: No. 63591, 

$3; No. 63809, $3, 66 40 

Ohio— $79.49 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Freeburg 59 49 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rush Creek, $15; C. W. 

S. : Rush Creek, $5, 20 00 

Pennsylvania— $15.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Upton (Back Creek), ... 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Boiling Springs (Lower 

Cumberland), 5 50 

Virginia— $12.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Grove Chapel (Mt. 
Carmel), $2; Ella'L. Myers (Fairfax) $10, .. 12 00 

West Virginiar-$10.83 

First Dist., Cong.: Allegheny, 10 83 

Total for the month, $ 205 72 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 205 72 


Canada— $25.00 

S. S.: First, Irricana, 25 00 

Illinois— $26.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: L. D. Young & Wife 
(Chicago) $5; C. C. Myers & Wife (Waddams 
Grove) $6; S. S.: Franklin, $5, 16 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Emma Carstensen (Vir- 

den), 10 00 

Indiana— $20.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. J. H. Paulus (Elk- 
hart) $5; S. S.: "Children of the King" 
Class, No. Winona, $5, 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Myrtie Foust (Ander- 
son) $5; Indv.: Robt. M. Bowers, $5, 10 00 

Iowa— $201.18 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Garrison, $51.18; J. 
K. Miller (Cedar Rapids) $100; S. S.: Iowa 
River, $25 176 18 

No. Dist., Cong.: E. C. Whitmer (Curlew), 25 00 
Kansas— $34.63 
"S. E. Dist., S. S.: Verdigris, 8 66 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Salem, 

$3.75; E Wichita, $22.22 25 97 

Maryland— $210.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View, $200; 
" Willing Workers " Class, Pleasant View, 

$10 210 00 

Michigan— $1.00 

Indv.: Mrs. D. P. Schon, 100 

Minnesota— $5.25 

Cong.: Hancock » 5 25 



The Missionary Visitor 


Missouri— $6.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: M. S. Mohler (Mineral 
Creek), 5 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Louisa Shaw (Ca- 

bool), 1 00 

New Mexico— $10.00 

Indv.: Cora Brower, 10 00 

Ohio— $201.36 

N. E. Dist., 'Cong.: A Brother & Sister 
(Reading) $20; N. A. Schrock & Wife (Bal- 
tic) $50, 70 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Esther Kintner (Lick 
Creek) $25; J. O. Lentz (Baker) $3.50, 28 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Castine, $47.16; Mrs. Mina 
H. B. Miller (Bradford) $5; S. S. : Poplar 
Grove, $25.70; Aid Soc. : Castine, $5; Indv.: 

L. C. Riley, $20, 102 86 

Oklahoma— $20.08 

S. S.: Washita, 20 08 

Pennsylvania— $1,082.54 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lake Ridge, $17; Mattie 
Davis and Irma Reithmayer, $2; S. S. : 
Ephrata, $206.56; Lebanon, $50; Mechanics 
Grove, $50; Annville, $25, 350 56 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Huntingdon, $200; Low- 
er Claar, $20; Holsinger (Woodbury) $16.26; 
Lewistown, $40, 276 26 

So'. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, 30 15 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Individual (Royersford), 10 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Glade Run, $10.32; W. 
J. Hamilton & Wife (Rockwood) $25; Mrs. 
Eliza Sweitzer (Meyersdale) $100; Wm. Grif- 
fith & Family (Maple Spring) $60; S. S.: 
Ridge (Shade Creek) $5; Middlecreek, $13.25; 
Walnut Grove, $202, 415 57 

Texas— $1.50 

Indv.: Mrs. Irene M. Clark, $1; Vincent 

M. Clark, $.50, 1 50 

Virginia— $165.21 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, $16.25; S. S. : 
Oakton (Fairfax) $20.49; Valley, $25; Nokes- 
ville, $25, '• • • 86 74 

First Dist., S. S. : Bonsack (Cloverdale) 
$30; Tinker Creek (Roanoke) $17; Peters 
Creek, $31.47, 78 47 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: Susie E. Reber (Olympia), 10 00 

Wisconsin— $2.00 

Indv.: Neal Whitehead of Lake Geneva, .. 2 00 

Total for the month $ 2,021 75 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 2,021 75 

Illinois— $40.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Thos. J. Rench (Mulber- 
ry Grove), 40 00 

India— $45.00 

Cong.: Vali, 45 00 

Ohio— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Hartville, 20 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harry McPherson (W. 

Dayton), 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $56.75 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, $20; 

S. S.: First Philadelphia, $36.75, 56 75 

Washington— $2.00 

, Cong. : Reuben Breshears (Omak), 2 00 

Total for the month $ 173 75 

Total previously reported 00 

Total for the year, $ 173 75 

California— $167.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Raisin, $34; Reedley, 

$115; Golden Gate, $18.25, 167 25 

Colorado— $62.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch 62 00 

Florida— $4.25 

indv.: D. M. Irvin, 4 25 

Idaho— $25.00 

Cong. : Boise Valley, 25 00 

Illinois— $250.14 

No. Dist., Cong.: Naperville, $5; Polo, 
$117.14, 122 14 

So. Dist., Cong.: Allison Prairie, $61; 

Champaign, $27; Girard, $40, 128 00 

Indiana— $433.91 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntington City, $105; 
Monticello, $7.40; Pleasant View, $33.35, .. 145 75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $50; Cedar 
Lake, $49.41; Elkhart City, $87.75; New Sa- 
lem, $17; Pleasant Valley, $59, 263 16 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $20; White, 

$5, , 25 00 

Iowa— $1,022.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo, 1,022 50 

Kansas— $35.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Topeka, 2 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Belleville, 33 00 

Maryland— $19.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Denton, 19 00 

Michigan— $130.00 

Cong.: Grand Rapids, $25; Shepherd, $85; 

Zion, $20, 130 00 

Missouri— $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary M. Gibson (Kan- 
sas City), 100 

Nebraska— $174.00 

Cong.: So. Beatrice, 174 00 

Ohio— $763.26 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Black River, $82.80; 
Woodworth, $92.70; Bunker Hill, $30, 205 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Greenville, $27; Lower 
Stillwater, $23.71; New Carlisle, $224; Poplar 
Grove, $14.50; Salem, $109.50; W. Milton, 

$159.05, 557 76 

Pennsylvania— $1,380.85 

E. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, 9 75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: First Altoona, $806.60; 
28th St., Altoona, $70; Raven Run, $36.75; 
Stonerstown, $3; Woodbury, $95, 1,011 35 

So. Dist., Cong.: Brandts (Back Creek), .. 35 25 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany (Phila.) $50; 
Indv.: (Royersford) $2; Wilmington, $20, .. 72 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Meyersdale, $41.50; Rox- 
bury, $25; Rummel, $50; Viewmont, $136, .. .252 50 
Virginia— $1,931.53 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $5.86; Fairfax, 
$84.12; Mt. Carmel, $15.50 105 48 

First Dist. Congs., 816 25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $151; 
Unity, $142.40, 293 40 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Vernon, $35; Sum- 
mit, $571.85, 606 85 

So. Dist., Cong.: Brick (Germantown) 
$35.40; Laurel Branch, $16.80; Snow Creek, 
$9; Topeco, $43.35; Aid Soc: Pleasant Val- 
ley, $5, 109 55 

Washington— $75.00 

Cong.: Mt. Hope, 75 00 

Wisconsin— $25.61 

Cong.: Chippewa Valley, 25 61 

Total for the month, $ 6,500 30 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 6,500 30 


Illinois— $120.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, 120 00 

Michigan— $250.00 

Cong.: Detroit 250 00 

Total for the month, .$ 370 00 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 370 00 

Pennsylvania — $24.22 

W. Dist., Cong.: Scalp Level (for Amer. 
Bible Soc), 24 22 

Total for the month $ 24 22 


The Missionary Visitor 



Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 


California— $15.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: D. S. Musselman *.. 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ed. Forney & Wife (La- 

Idaho— $5.00 

Aid Soc. : Nampa, 


Illinois— $7.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: William & Adaline Hohf 

Beery (Elgin), 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Cerro Gordo, 

Indiana— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Catherine Neher (Man- 

Kansas— $5.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Soc: McPherson 

Missouri— $1.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Louisa Shaw (Ca- 

Ohio— $20.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister 
(Reading) $10; Aid Soc: Akron, $5; Canton 
Center, $5, 

Pennsylvania— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Lewistown, $5; 
Spring Run, $5, 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: E. Berlin (Upper 

Washington— $5.00 

Cong.: James Wagoner & Wife (Okanogan 
Valley), _ 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 


Washington— $10.00 

Cong.-: Susie E. Reber (Olympia), ........ 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 


Illinois— $259.55 . , 

No. Dist., Yellow Creek S. S. for Kathryn 

Garner, $15; Mt. Morris College Missy. Soc. 

for D. J. Lichty, $225 

So. Dist., Centennial S. S. (Okaw) for 

Eliza B. Miller 

Indiana— $352.60 

No. Dist., S. S.'s, $160; Tippecanoe (coun- 
try) S. S., $10 for Mary Stover, Mary 
Schaerfer and Minerva Metzger, 

So. Dist., Pyrmont S. S. for Moy Gwong, 
$76.60; Buck Creek Cong, for $106, 

Kansas— $724.19 

N. E. Dist., S. S.'s for Ella Ebbert 

S. W. Dist. C. W. S's for Mrs. E. H. 

S. W. Dist., Miami Aid Soc. for F. H. 
Crumpacker & Wife, $50; A. S. S. class of 
Garden City for F. H. Crumpacker, $25, ..... 

Missouri— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Congs. for Jennie Mohler, 

24 22 

5 00 
10 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 
5 00 

1 00 

20 00 

10 00 

5 00 

78 00 

78 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

240 00 

19 55 

170 00 

182 60 

450 00 

199 19 

75 00 

25 00 

Ohio— $1,116.27 

N. E. Dist. S. S.'s for Goldie Swartz, 
$200; Science Hill S. S. for Sue R. Heisey, 
$45.80; Freeburg S. S. for Sue R. Heisey,$406, 

N. W. Dist. Congs. for Hattie Z. Alley, 
$52.36; Lick Creek Cong, for Elizabeth Kint- 
ner, $225; S. S.'s of N. W. Ohio for Hattie 
Z. Alley, $83.61, 

651 80 

360 97 

So. Dist., Bethel S. S. (Salem Cong.) for 
Esther Bright, $22.50; Salem Cong, for Min- 
nie F. Bright, $81, 103 50 

Pennsylvania — $875.00 

E. Dist., Peach Blossom Cong, for Anna 
Hutchison 150 00 

Mid. Dist., Woodbury Cong, for Florence 
Pittenger, $225; First Altoona S. S. for Ida 
Himmelsbaugh, $450, 675 00 

S. E. Dist., Coventry Cong, for H. Stover 
Kulp 50 00 

Virginia— $189.58 

Sec. Dist., Elk Run Cong.: $28.08; Elk 
Run Aid Soc, $27 for Sara Z. Myers; Mid- 
dle River Cong, for B. M. Flory, $134.50,.... 189 58 

Total for the month $ 3,542 19 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 3,542 19 


(Continued from Page 150) 

for some time, the ground having been pur- 
chased several years ago with money con- 
tributed by the students and faculties of our 
colleges. The Board now approved the 
commencing of the building for the school. 

Physical Examinations for Missionary Ap- 

Since such a large number of workers on 
the field have become physically unable to 
continue their work, the Board appointed a 
committee to study the question of subject- 
ing missionary applicants to a more thor- 
ough physical examination before sending 
them to the field. The Board also took 
steps to make possible more recreation facil- 
ities, so that missionaries will not be so liable 
to become deeply engrossed in their work to 
the neglect of their physical exercise. 

God has given the Church of the Breth- 
ren a heavy responsibility and a big work, 
but he is ever near to guide and direct. Re- 
ports from the field show how he has helped 
his people in a wonderful way. Victory 
is ours if we walk with him. Reports show 
that in 1921 our people gave an average of 
$2.35 per person for the Forward Movement 
work of the church, and in 1922 the average 
was only $2.19. Brethren, we dare not ease 
up at the oars. Between the two years how 
many of us have eaten less or spent less for ' 
clothes? We pray that our zeal and un- 
selfishness may ever increase for the prog- 
ress of the kingdom. The program of the 
church demands contributions nearly twice 
as great as we gave last year. 

"t" 'I' T VtV*W *5*V '*' "P 'J* V 'I* VV '♦' 'J* "P "P'l* '** "if* 









Supported in whole or in part by funds administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

Glasmire, W. E 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 

Bronderslev, Denmark 

* Esbensen, Niels, 1920 

* Esbensen, Christine, 1920 


Frlisgatan No. 1, Malmo, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 


Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language 

School, Pekin, China 
Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond. 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper. V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Miller, Valley, 1919 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 

Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M.. 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 

Canton, China 

* Gwong, Moy, 1920 

* Native workers trained in 

On Furlough, Address, Elgin, 
111., % General Mission Board 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer. Eli*. W., 1916 
Seese, Norman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 1917 

On Furlough 

Shock, Laura J., Hunting- 
ton, Ind., R. D. 

Senger, Nettie M., 57 Farm- 
ington Ave., Hartiord, 

Wampler, Ernest M., Port 
Republic, Va. 

Wampler, Vida A., Port 
Republic, Va. 

Lagos, care of C. M. S., 
Nigeria, West Africa 

Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 

Helser, A. D., 1922 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 
Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1^00 

Ebey, Alice K., 1900 

Shull, Chalme- G., 1919 

Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Erne V., 1903 
Miller, Eliza B , 1900 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J , 1903 
Wolfe, L. Mae, 1922 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby. Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 1923 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 


Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 1908 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Renlogle. Sara G.. 1919 

On Furlough, Address, Elgin, 

111., % General Mission Board 
Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

On Furlough 

Holsopple, Q. A., Hunting 
don, Pa., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Huntingdon, Pa., 1911 

Mow, Anetta, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M.. 
Monticello, Minn., 1915 

Ross, A. W., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Ross, Flora N., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1904 

Detained beyond furlough 

Pittenger, J. M., Hunting- 
don, Pa. 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Hun- 
tingdon, Pa., 1904 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 
111., 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., 1894 

Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 Vnn 
Buren St., Chicago, 1916 


Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Goer, Vir- 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bollinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 


Red Cloud, Nebraska 

Eshelman. E. E., 1923 

Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 

Greene County, Pirkey, Vir- 

Driver, C. M., 1922 

Broadwater, Dexter, Mit 

Fifner, E. R., 1922 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c tor each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

>. .♦. .♦. .». .♦. .». .*. .» -«. .* .* » » * .* * .», .♦. .♦. ■>. . ■ 



Thou Shalt Love 
The Lord 

thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul and with all 
thy mind, and with all thy strength. — (Words of Christ) 

" This is the first Commandment." 

What has this to do with the raising of $435,500 in 1923? 

To some Christian* the presenting of financial needs is boresome, obnox- 
ious. They have yet to learn the full meaning of the above sacred words. 
To most real Christians the presenting of a yearly Budget expected to bo 
sufficient to carry on the work of Conference authorized Boards and Com- 
mittees gives the opportunity to do their Christian patriotic duty to furnish 
the sinews of righteous warfare against the hosts of heathendom and all 

Behold the work of the Church in home and foreign missions, 
in education, in social welfare, in temperance work, etc. 

Beware of the temptations that keep you from doing your 
duty, such as " putting it off," being satisfied just to put a 
little money you happen to have along into the Annual Meet- 
ing offering and then forget about the work the rest of the 

Get into this special May financial effort to raise the $435,500.00 Budget, 
with " heart, soul, mind and strength." Use your influence to have made 
the May every member canvass or similar effort in your church to raise 
in CASH AND PLEDGES the entire sum presented as the real needs of 
the cause. See that every member has available a copy of the " Prospectus 
of What $435,500.00 Will Do In 1923." If your church hasn't yet its supply, 





Church of the ^Brethren 

Vol. XXV 

Jusime,, 1923 


A Native India Preacher Telling the Gospel Story to His Own People 


. , ;>■ . ::,. . .- : . 







H. C. EARLY, President, Flora, Ind. CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, North Man- Secretary. 

r £ h x e p™ In £ nn M?iru a'C r i H - SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 

CHARLES D BONSACK, Acting General. tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

Secretary, Elgin, 111. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. M - R - Zj~LER, Home Mission Secretary. _ 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. CLYDE M. GULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage IS cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postofnce of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 






General Mission Board Budget, 163 

General Financial Statement, 166 

Supports of Missionaries, 166 



SWEDEN, 227-229 

DENMARK, 229-230 





The Thirty-Eighth 


of the 

General Mission Board 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 

For the Year Ending Feb. 28, 1 923 

Published by the General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 
For distribution free to all who are interested 

The Membership of the Board 

Chas. D. Bonsack, Elgin, Illinois, Term expires 1927 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas, Term expires 1926 

H. C. Early, Flora, Indiana, Term expires 1925 

A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa, Term expires 1924 

Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana,. . . .Term expires 1923 


• President, H. C. Early, Flora, Indiana 

Vice-President, Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana 

Acting General Secretary, Charles D. Bonsack, Elgin, Illinois 

Missionary Educational Sec, H. Spenser Minnich 

Editor, the Visitor 

Elgin, Illinois 

Home Mission Secretary, M. R. Zigler 
Elgin, Illinois 

Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp 
Elgin, Illinois. 

Office of the Board, Elgin, 111. Time of Annual Meeting, third 
Wednesday in August. Other regular meetings, third Wednesday of 
April and December and at Annual Conference. 

To insure prompt attention, all correspondence relative to mission 
work, or any activities of the Board, that is intended for the Board, 
should be addressed to General Mission Board, Elgin, HI. 

162 The Missionary Visitor \^ 

Our Thirty-Eighth Annual Report 

For the Fiscal Year Ending February 28, 1923 

IN making this brief report to the Conference, we first of all desire to thank our 
Heavenly Father for his care and guidance in our work, and the church for her 
cooperation and support. Without these we are helpless, and nothing could have - 
been done. 

In the ranks of our workers reasonable health has been given. For this we are most 
grateful, because the struggle in tropical climates, with strange foods and unsanitary sur- 
roundings, is a severe physical trial. 

The workers in China had the sorrow of losing, by death, the inspiration and help of 
the beautiful life of Sister Anna V. Blough. She fell asleep in Jesus May 9, 1922. She 
came from Waterloo, Iowa, that congregation that has contributed more lives and more 
dollars to missions than any other congregation in the Brotherhood. There her 
parents still live. Sister Blough's life was a constant inspiration to all her coworkers, be- 
cause of its consecrated goodness in unselfish service to her work. 

Workers sent out during the year were: To India, Mae Wolfe, Ira W. Moomaw 
and wife, Mabel. To China, Elizabeth Baker, Ada V. Dunning, E. L. Ikenberry and wife, 

This year marks the beginning of missionary work in Africa, under the care of the 
Church of the Brethren. For years some of our young people have longed to go to this 
land of darkness. The Board postponed this move as long as possible, believing that we 
should strengthen the work already established, and not extend the work beyond our 
ability to care for it properly. The death of Bro. Williams, in Africa, and the conse- 
quent impetus to continue the work to which he gave his life, made it seem wise to defer 
this no longer. Consequently, Brethren A. D. Helser and H. Stover Kulp were sent to 
investigate the field in Northern Nigeria, for the opening of a mission in that strategic 
land of need. They arrived in Africa Dec. 29, 1922. The Lord, up to the present, has 
been gracious to them in vouchsafing health and giving generous consideration upon 
the part of the English government and a kindly reception from the natives. May God 
grant his wisdom as the development of this work continues. 

The additions to the church, both in India and China, have been large for the year. 
This increase is limited only by the number of teachers necessary .to teach those seeking 
to enter the church. Especially in China, as the result of the famine relief work, are there 
great numbers who are much more approachable. Boys' schools, especially, are crowded, 
and many are turned away. 

There was never a more urgent opportunity in foreign missions than now. The havoc 
of war, and the awakening of national and racial consciousness, which is trying to ex- 
press itself, is a mighty challenge to the Christian faith. The Bible is being read as never 
before. Jesus, as a Teacher, is sympathetically considered. Shall we not present him 
as Savior and Lord? 

This very opportunity is creating many new problems in the work. The national 
Eastern consciousness is prejudiced against Westernism. There is a struggling for 
larger native control and power in the mission churches. Western ideas and traditions, 
that divide the denominations, are not very attractive to the Eastern way of thinking, and 
they desire a larger expression of unity in which their own traditions shall have some 
place. All these problems assure us that Christianity is, taking hold of these nations. It 
is no time for fear or discouragement; but for faith and courage to find a way to make 
Christ known, to their salvation and blessing. 

The enlarged interest in home missions is being supported heartily by the churches. 
The Board believes that as long as this effort can be kept unselfishly missionary, in 
the truest sense, it should be increased. The increase in the budget for this 
year is largely for this branch of the work. There are so many congregations 
that need help to build a churchhouse, or need sympathetic help to organize and 
direct their work more efficiently. Some of our splendid young folks in college need to 

J™ e Annual Report 163 

be given the real difficult problems of mission service in isolated fields, both for their 
training and the good they can do. All these and other opportunities abound in the home 
held, which should have the immediate attention and hearty support of the churche;. 

The details of the budget as well as the total amount needed for the year ahead are 
printedjn this report for the information and prayerful interest of each member of the 
church. If the necessary money is secured to carry on the work of missions in the 
church we shall need a larger response in cooperation from the resources of the congre- 
gations. Last year the church gave only $2.00 per member for the work of missions under 
the care of the General Mission Board. By prayer and sacrifice we can increase our 
present interest. The Board is elected by the churches sending delegates to its Confer- 
ence and the Board can only function as the local churches manifest their strength by 
furnishing men and money. 

During the past year we have endeavored in harmony with the 1911 decision of the 
conference to create missionary interest in every way possible. Each month a news 
sheet fresh with missionary information is sent to the missionary committee of every 

A plan of mission study called the Church School of Missions has been given con- 
siderable publicity. This plan provides for the organizing of a church similar to a Sun- 
day-school for the purpose of mission study. The plan has been quite successful for its 
first year. The old plan of expecting a few individuals to form themselves into a mission 
study class does not seem as successful as in days gone by. 

The Missionary Visitor is published monthly and sent free upon request to all who 
contribute $2 or more annually to the Board's work. The Visitor contains the records of 
what is being done by our workers in various parts of the world. We recommend more 
publicity of strong articles that appear in its pages. 

The Board is the servant of the Lord working in harmony with its directions from 
the church. Suggestions and criticisms are welcomed. It is impossible to conduct a work 
so large as ours without incurring the criticisms of a few people. We wish they would 
write us frankly as some splendid members do. This is far better than to simply keep 
quiet and cease supporting the work. 

With a prayer that we shall not be a disappointment to Him who expects much of us, 
we are, 

Faithfully yours, 

General Mission Board. 

Budget of the General Mission Board March 1, 1923, to Feb. 29, 1924, $355,000.00 

1. India Mission Field $150,000.00 

(a) Support of American Workers and families, $34,900.00 

23 men, 38 women, 38 children. 

(b) General Evangelistic, $30,260 00 

9 stations and organized churches; 106 villages occupied; 281 native 
evangelists; 2,681 members; 1,180,000 people to be reached in territory 
assigned to Church of the Brethren only. 

(c) Educational, $40,605.00 

74 day schools; 27 night schools; 103 teachers; 1,704 boys attending; 

310 girls attending; 854 boarding pupils. 

(d) Medical, $ 3,850.00 

(largely self-supporting) 4 hospitals or dispensaries; 3 American doc- 
tors; 3 American nurses; annual calls at dispensaries, about 30,000. 

(e) Furloughs, Language Schools, etc., $20,215.00 

Missionaries returning to States every seven years; learning native 
language, etc. 

(f) New Property, $20,170.00 

Talghar Boys' School, $6,000; Palghar Dispensary, $1,000; Bulsar Hos- 
pital, $2,000; Anklesvar Girls' Cottage, $2,520; Vyara Girls' School, 

$1,000; Native Workers' Quarters, $4,565; Stables, wells, fences, etc., 

164 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

2. China Mission Field $85,750,00 

(a) Support of American Workers and families, $25,425.00 

17 men; 33 women; 30 children. 

(b) General Evangelistic, $ 4,715.00 

3 stations and organized churches; 11 outstations occupied; 38 native 
evangelists; 535 members; 1,400,000 people to be reached in territory- 
assigned to Church of the Brethren only. 

(c) Educational, $10,125.00 

24 schools; 65 teachers; 610 boys attending; 296 girls attending; 183 
boarding pupils. 

(d) Medical, . $ 3,550.00 

(largely self-supporting) 2 hospitals; 3 American doctors, 3 Chinese; 

4 American nurses, 10 Chinese; about 16,000 treated annually. 

(e) Furloughs, Language Schools, etc., $ 9,885.00 

Missionaries return to America on furlough every seven years; it costs 

to learn the native language. 

(f) New Property, $24,050.00 

Liao Chou Middle School, $1,250; L. C. Hospital Water System, 
$2,750; L. C. Ladies' Residence, $2,500; L. C. Hospital Beds Equipped, 

$700; Ping Ting Hospital Beds Equipped, $2,000; Shou Yang Boys' 
School, $7,500; S. Y. School Heating Plant, $3,000; S. Y. Medical Build- 
ing, $2,0C0; S. Y. Native Quarters, $650; Miscellaneous property, $1,700. 

(g) Estimated Exchange Loss, $ 8,000.00 

At present but 90c on the American dollar is realized in converting 
dollars into Chinese currency, due to China being a silver standard 

3. Sweden Mission Field $22,230.00 

(a) Support of three American workers, $ 1,350.00 

(b) Evangelistic expenses, i $ 5,880.00 

(c) New Church building at Malmo, $15,000.00 

4. Denmark Mission Field $ 3,990.00 

(a) Support of American worker and family, $ 1,370.00 

(b) Evangelistic expenses, $ 2,620.00 

5. South China Field $ 687..00 

(a) Support of native pastor, $ 420.00 

(b) Chapel and school expenses, $ 267.00 

6. Africa Mission Field $12,000.00 

In November, 1922, Brethren Helser and Kulp left America to explore the interior 
of Nigeria, Africa, in order to seek a proper location for establishment of our Brethren 
Mission. No accurate estimates of the cost for the first year can be made. There will 
be the cost of completing the exploration, locating and " housing " three American 
missionary families, besides one American doctor and equipping him with adequate 
hospital facilities. Several millions of black natives await, the Gospel at the hands of 
the Church of the Brethren. 

7. Home Missions $32,200.00 

(a) Summer Pastorates, $ 2,500.00 

With this sum at least ten young ministers may be sent to needy places 

for the summer months to bring inspiration for larger possibilities. 

(b) Assistance to District Mission Boards, $11,000 00 

Last year 12 districts were helped in which church pioneering is still 
carried on and where members are not strong enough to carry the 

whole burden. 

J™J Annual Report 165 

(c) Pastorates in Southland, $ 3,700.00 

At Fort Worth, Texas, Fruitdale, Ala., Broadwater, Mo., etc. " Just a 

drop in the bucket " considering the largeness of the field and its needs. 

(d) Greene County, Virginia, Industrial School, $15,000.00 

Last year a 350 acre farm was purchased, a modern school and dormitory building 

constructed. This is the future field of the church to evangelize and bring Christian 
industrial and cultural training to the mountaineer boys and girls of the South. About 
$12,000 of the above sum is the annual quota of the Sisters' Aid Societies, who are pay- 
ing for the farm, building, etc. (What they raise each year becomes a credit on the 
Forward Movement Budget.) The balance is needed to keep the institution operating 
with five teachers and helpers and one pastor; also for maintenance and operation of the 
farm. The school is partly self-supporting. 

8. Student Loan Fund $ 5,000.00 

In order to recruit medical missionaries, the Board must help worthy 
young men and women get the special training required; to learn to 
become a doctor is an expensive undertaking. Several prospective 
doctors of promising ability and of good character are now being 
helped; other worthy students are being helped; more funds are needed; ^ 
more could be used than is here asked for. 

9. Ministerial and Missionary Relief $ 5,000.00 

32 superannuated ministers or widows of ministers or missionaries are 
now being helped at an expense of $10,000 annually. It is only neces- 
sary to ask for one-half of this annual requirement because of some 
accumulated funds. This is a worthy cause; it will make increasingly 
large demand on the benevolence of the Brotherhood. 

10. Church Extension $10,000.00 

To increase our fund (now about $12,000) for making loans to churches 
for building purposes. This is a revolving fund, that is, the money is 
loaned to the church, loan being secured by first mortgage, paid back in 
installments to make possible reloaning to other churches. Much more 
could be loaned than is asked for. 

11. Publications $ 8,460.00 

(a) Missionary Visitor (monthly), $ 7,000.00 

Not more than one per cent arc paid subscriptions, the rest of sub- 
scriptions are given free to donors of $2 or more; the cost of print- 
ing and mailing must be made up out of the donations. 

(b) Missionary Promotion, $ 1,460.00 

This is used for issuing pamphlets and general literature to keep our 

people posted on the missionary enterprise. 

12. General Expenses $19,683.00 

(a) Salaries, $13,383.00 

Of the General Secretary, Missionary Educational Secretary, Home 

- Mission Secretary, and the Treasurer, at no higher figure than is paid a 
good carpenter or other skilled mechanic in a large city of high rents 
and living costs. This sum includes wages of three competent 
stenographers and bookkeepers. 

(b) Traveling Expense, $ 2,800.00 

This includes cost of Board members attending business sessions; 

the secretaries looking after our interests in various parts of the coun- 
try, including the Home Mission Secretary, whose work is largely 
in the field. 

(c) Office Expenses, $ 3,500.00 

For printing, stationery of various kinds, postage, office supplies and 
equipment, rent, auditing, fidelity bonds, legal advice, etc. 

166 The Missionary Visitor J u 2 n 3 e 


The following comparative statement gives in summarized form essential facts of 
interest on the financial side of our work: 

A Comparative Statement of Mission Funds 


1921-22 1922-23 Increase 

1. Contributions of living donors, $216,631.85 $191,367.60 $25,264.25* 

2. Bequests, lapsed annuities and miscellaneous 

credits, 14,840.52 87,601.46 72,760.94 

3. Net income from investments (after paying an- 
nuities), 32,096.96 30,955.35 1,141.61* 

$263,569.33 $309,924.41 $ 46,355.08 

Endowment and Annuities, all funds, 22,430.44 58,735.51 36,305.07 

Special relief, all funds, 27,259.15 34,226.05 6,966.90 


1. "Visitor" and Missionary Education, $ 9,862.22'$ 7,649.32 $ 2,212.90* 

2. General Expenses, 14,405.01 18,509.92 4,104.91 

3. India Mission expense, 151,403.63 140,826.80 10,576.83* 

4. China Mission expense, 45,649.52 76,655.12 31,005.60 

5. Sweden Mission expense, 5,969.15 13,506.88 7,537.73 

6. Denmark Mission expense, 3,379.09 5,973.89 2,594.80 

7. So. China Mission expense, 586.68 485.19 101.49* 

8. Africa Mission expense, 3,353.27 3,353.27 

9. Home Missions expense, 13,038.25 64,550.72 51,512.47 

$244,293.55 $331,511.11 $ 87,217.56 

* Decrease 

It is in place at this point to make explanation of some of the items in which 
increases or decreases are noted. 

Under "Receipts" item 1 records the lamentable fact that our supporters have not 
kept pace with the normal needs to carry on the missionary enterprise, receipts dropping 
from the previous year. Unless there will be in 1923 a decided increase in contributions 
the mission interests will face an embarrassing situation. There will be no large balance 
from previous years to fall back on, the China famine balance is turned into use, 
and no larger income from investments and Publishing House earnings may be ex- 
pected. Item 2 shows an increase as the China famine balance transfer of $72,796.66 
is included in this year's receipts. Item 3 shows a decrease due to rather large legal 
expenses which were deducted from Publishing House earnings turned over, the ex- 
pense being incurred in securing exemption from paying about $20,000 in federal taxes 
charged by the U. S. Revenue Department. 

Endowment and Annuity fund receipts show a normal and satisfactory increase. 
Relief for Near East, Russia and other relief would be much larger if all contributions 
would go through our office as recommended by Conference and without expense to 
the funds. Unknown thousands of dollars are, no doubt, sent direct to relief head- 
quarters or through unofficial channels. 

Under " Expenditures," item 1 shows a decrease due to reduced " Visitor " sub- 
scription list and lower printing costs. Item 2 shows an increase, one-half in " Salaries " 
as this is the first full year of one other full time secretary and one stenographer; 
the other one-half of the increase is in " Traveling " and " Office " expenses. Item 
3 is lower, due to reduced building program and item 4 is higher, due to increased 
building program. Items 5 and 6 are higher, due to new Malmo church and purchase 
of a house in Denmark. Item 9 is the large item of increase, most of which is due to 
the cost of the farm and buildings for the Greene County, Virginia, Industrial School. 

Your attention is kindly called to the completely detailed financial report for the 
year, appearing in this number of the " Missionary Visitor." 


The following individuals and organizations are on our honor roll as financial supporters of workers 
on the foreign field: 

California — 

Breneman, I. and O., Bro. John I. Kaylor in India. 

Covina Missionary Class, Delbert Vaniman (son of Ernest D. Vaniman) in China. 
La Verne congregation and Sunday-school, Brother and Sister Ernest D. Vani- 
man, China, and Brother and Sister Lynn A. Blickenstaff, India. 

J™ e Annual Report 167 

Canada — 

Bow Valley congregation, Bro. Fred M. Hollenberg, India. 

Idaho — 

Nezperce congregation, Dr. D. L. Horning, China. 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Anetta C. Mow, 

Illinois — 

Blickenstaff relatives, Sister Verna Blickenstaff, India. 

Butterbaugh family, two-thirds support of Bro. A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India. 

Decatur Sunday-school, Primary Dept., one-half support of lone Butterbaugh 

(daughter of A. G. Butterbaugh), India. 
Franklin Grove congregation, Sister Bertha L. Butterbaugh, India. 
Heagley, Rebecca, Geo. H. Coffman (son of Dr. Carl Coffman), China. 
Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 
Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 
Northern Illinois Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Garner, India. 
Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 
Okaw congregation, Bro. J. E. Wagoner, India. 
Virden Sisters' Aid Society, one-half support of Leah Ruth Ebey (daughter of 

Adam Ebey), India. 
Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 
Virden congregation, Bro. Chalmer G. Shull, India. 
Wolfe, J. E, Mae Wolfe, India. 

Indiana — 

Buck Creek congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Nettie B. Summer, India. 

Locust Grove Sunday-school, Sister Ina M. Kaylor, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Sister Laura J. Shock, China. 

Manchester Sunday-school, Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 

Mexico congregation, Sister Lillian Grisso, India. 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools, Mabel W. Moomaw, India. 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, Sister Mary Stover, India; Sisters Minerva 

Metzger and Mary Schaeffer, China. 
Pine Creek congregation, Sister Winnie E. Cripe, China. 
Pipe Creek congregation, Sister Anna M. Forney, India. 
Pyrmont Sunday-school, Bro. Moy Gwong, South China. 
Southern Indiana Sunday-schools, Bro. W. J. Heisey, China. 
Walnut Sunday-school, Bro. Andrew Hoffert, India. 

Iowa — 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Sister Emma Horning, China. 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, one-third support of Sister Anna Hutchison, China. 

Grundy County congregation, Bro. W. Harlan Smith and family, China. 

North English and English River Sunday-schools, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Sister Jennie B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Christian Workers' Society, Bro. A. S. B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, " Loyal Helpers' Class," Josephine Miller (daughter 

of A. S. B. Miller), India. 
South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary and Junior Departments, Marjorie Mil- 
ler (daughter of A. S. B. Miller), India. 
Waterloo City Sunday-school, Sister Mary S. Shull, India. 

Kansas — 

Daggett, A. C, Sister Martha D. Horning, China. 

Northeastern Kansas Su.. day-schools, Sister Ella Ebbert, India. 

Northwestern Kansas Srnday-schools, Bro. Howard L. Alley, India. 

Southeastern Kansas Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Emma H. Eby, India. 

Southwestern Kansas congregations, Brother and Sister Frank H. Crumpacker, 

Shirkey, G. E., Bro. E. H. Eby, India. 

Yoder, J. D., Sisters Lulu Ullom and Myrtle Pollock, China. 
Maryland — 

Hagerstown Young People's Society, Sister Vida M. Wampler, China. 

Middle Maryland Sunday-schools, Brethren H. P. Garner and B. F. Summer, India. 

Pipe Creek congregation, Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 
Michigan — 

Michigan Sunday-schools, Sister Pearl S. Bowman, China. 

Primary Departments of Michigan Sunday-schools, Harold Bowman (son of 
Samuel Bowman), China. 

168 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Missouri — 

Middle Missouri congregations, Sister Jennie M. Mohler, India. 
Nebraska — 

Bethel congregation and Sunday-school, Bro. Raymond C. Flory, China. 
Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara Nickey, India. 

Bethel Sunday-school of Salem congregation, Esther Bright (daughter of J. H. 

Bright), China. 
East Nimishillen and Hartville congregations, Sister Anna B. Brumbaugh, India. 
Eversole congregation, Bro. J. H. Bright, China. 

Freeburg and Science Hill Sunday-schools, Sister Sue R. Heisey, China. 
Lick Creek congregation, Sister Elizabeth Kintner, India. 
Northeastern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Goldie F. Swartz, India. 
Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Hattie Z. Alley, India. 
New Carlisle, West Charleston, Donnels Creek and Springfield congregations, 

Sister Hazel C. Sollenberger, China. 
Olivet congregation, Bro. A. D. Helser, Africa. 
Pleasant View Sunday-school, Sister Ellen H. Wagoner, India. 
Salem congregation, Sister Minnie F. Bright, China. 
Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, Bro. J. M. Pittenger, India; Bro. O. C. Sollenberger 

and Sister Elizabeth Baker, China. 
Trotwood congregation, Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer, China. 

Pennsylvania — 

Altoona, First Sunday-school, Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Baker, Francis, of Everett congregation, Sister Feme H. Coffman, China. 

Brandt, D. E. and family, Sister Ermal Blickenstaff, China. 

Chiques congregation, Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden. 

Conestoga congregation, Sister Leah S. Glasmire, Denmark. 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Elizabethtown congregation, Sister Bessie M. Rider, China. 

Everett congregation, Dr. Carl Coffman, China. 

Harrisburg congregation, Sister Nora R. Hollenberg, India. 

Huntingdon congregation and college, Bro. J. M. Blough, India. 

Midway congregation, Bro. J. F. Graybill, Sweden. 

New Enterprise congregation, Sister Sara G. Replogle, India. 

Peach Blossom (Md.) congregation, two-thirds of support of Sister Anna M. 

Hutchison, China. 
Philadelphia, First, congregation, Sister Ruth R. Kulp, Africa. 
Richland congregation, Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp Level congregations, Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 
Southern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Bro. Adam Ebey, India. 
Spring Creek congregation, one-third support of Bro. Andrew Butterbaugh, India. 
Walnut Grove Sunday-school, Bro. Samuel Bowman, China. 
Waynesboro congregation, Sister Lizzie N. Flory, China. 
Waynesboro Sunday-school, Bro. D. L. Forney, India. 
Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdow- 

son, India; Sister Grace Clapper, China. 
White Oak congregation, Bro. W. E. Glasmire, Denmark. 
Woodbury congregation, Sister Florence Pittenger, India. 

Tennessee — 

Knob Creek congregation, Sister Anna B. Seese, China. 
Virginia — 

Barren Ridge congregation, Sister Nora Flory, China. 

Bridgewater Sunday-school, Bro. Norman A. Seese, China. 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools, Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China. 

Greenmount and Elk Run congregations, Sister Sara Z. Myers, China. 

Lebanon congregation, Sister Valley V. Miller, China. 

Middle River congregation, Bro. Byron M. Flory, China. 

Moomaw, Leland C, Sister Elsie N. Shickel, India. 

Myers Brothers, Bro. Minor M. Myers, China. 

Northern Virginia congregations, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Sister Edna R. Flory, China. 

West Virginia — 

Sandy Creek congregation, Sister Mary E. Cline, China. 

J"" e Annual Report 169 





NOTHER year of helping to share the "good news" 

with many of the needy people of India has closed, 

and with mingled feelings of joy and grief we here 

endeavor to give a brief report of the same. We rejoice in 

the great special privilege to have been here in the work, and 

because of the manifest sure progress of the kingdom of our 

Lord here among these many waiting people of low caste and 

of high caste. We have witnessed souls being born into the 

kingdom, and of the further deepening of Christian life we 

have strong assurance. But grief we also have, because of 

unlooked-for disappointments within and without, and because 

B. F. Summer the exodus out of the terrible bondage of sin and darkness is 

so slow and by so few, compared to the many who yet remain 

unmoved. But we have every reason to keep facing forward, and our joy is ever 

immeasurably more than our grief. 

Again, as last year, the report is not given by stations, but rather by departments, 
and each writer has endeavored to give a brief summary of the work throughout 
the mission, in the department or phase of work concerning which he has written. 
The accompanying pictures will help to explain much that words could not tell. 
But of all things that a missionary dislikes most to do, is to try to give a report 
of his work, for a missionary can never feel satisfied over any one day's work, much 
less that of a whole year; and, too, of all work, mission work is the hardest to give a 
report on, so as to convey only true impressions and to state real results. Some things 
cannot be told and some results cannot yet be seen, and so a report of mission work 
at the best can only be very relative and incomplete. But a complete record is being 
kept, and some day, on that Great Day to come, an accurate and full report for 
each year, each day, each hour, and for each effort by each worker will be read, and 
blessed be those who will be there to hear and see as well as all those who have 
shared in the work. 

Including those who went home on furlough during the fore part of the year, 
and those who returned from furlough the latter part of the year, the total number 
of missionaries on the field during the year was fifty-five. Those who went home on 
furlough were Brother and Sister Ross and family, Dr. Nickey, Sister Mow, and 
Brother and Sister Holsopple and family, the latter leaving early and permanently on 
account of continued sickness, and with whom we all deeply sympathize. Those 
returning to us the latter part of the year were Doctors Cottrell for their second term 
of service, and Brother and Sister Long and family (less one, their eldest daughter, 
who remained in America for school purposes), for their third term of service. The 
only new missionary was Sister Mae Wolfe, having come as a trained nurse, and for 
whose coming we all are very glad, as well as for the return of experienced workers 
from furlough. The total number of children, including those who went home on 
furlough with their parents, and those who returned, as well as those who arrived by 
the shorter route of birth, was thirty-two. No mission family would be complete 
without the bright faces and cheerful voices of merry children, and for whom we 
are all glad. 

With each year comes sickness as well as health. On the whole the general 
health of the missionary body has been quite good. It is seldom that any one escapes 
through a whole year without some sickness. Fever is a common visitor, though 
with some the visit is oftener and longer than with Qther§. We praise and thank 


The Missionary Visitor 


the Father for health and for recovery from all sickness. We sympathize deeply with 
Bro. Hollenberg, who, for several months, has been hindered in and from work on 
account of continued ill-health; for Sister Replogle, who is visited occasionally by 
sickness, and for all those on furlough whose ill health continues. The Lord grant 
to all a speedy recovery. 

We must not fail to mention the coming into our midst of Miss Edith Bru- 
baker, from southern California, who arrived in December, and whose visit extended 
into the new year. We greatly appreciated her short stay with us, and she enjoyed 
her visit to the full. We pray the Father to be with her as she continues her journey 
around the world, and to bless her efforts in telling " good stories " to children and 
grown-ups, in which work she is giving her whole self. 

The year is done. All failures and all accomplishments we place in the Father's 
hands. This brief and incomplete report we now give to you. We continue on 
into another new year. And we beseech you ever to continue praying the Lord of 
the harvest to thrust more workers into this great, needy field, and ever to continue 
praying for us who have come, and for Christ's growing church here in India. The 
Lord is here on this side with us and to abide with us unto the end of the world, and 
his Word which is being proclaimed is not returning unto him void. 

General Conditions and Progress 


J. M. Blough 


HE year 1922 is a year to be remembered. Conditions 
change every year, for the Orient is no longer un- 
changeable. Some changes mean progress, while 
others mean retrogression. India is in a state of flux, and 
changes are taking place very rapidly. In some respects con- 
ditions are chaotic, and yet we believe that on the whole 
India has her face forward and is making real progress. 
In this brief review we shall be able to present only a few 
of the significant events of the year. 

We began the year in great uncertainty. H. R.. H., the 
Prince of Wales, was making a tour through India and the 
Non-cooperators set upon this time to show their disap- 
proval of the British Government and her rule in India, 
hence the prince's visit to the large cities was attended by 
boycotts, strikes and riots. General unrest prevailed through- 
out the country. Nevertheless, the prince completed his tour in safety. His winsome 
personality won him many friends and his visit was declared a success. 

The Non-cooperative movement reached its greatest strength in the early months 
of the year. The government was very patient, but finally began to take strict 
measures, and the leaders of the movement were imprisoned in quick succession. 
Mr. Gandhi, the leader, was allowed freedom longer than he expected, but finally in 
March he was arrested, and without any defense, but pleading guilty before the 
British magistrate, he was sentenced to six years' imprisonment. With his arrest 
the activities of the movement died, down and the country gradually grew quiet. Go- 
ing to jail became a mania, and at one time as high as 8,000 political prisoners were 
lying in jail. The movement is not dead, but is working along safer lines. The 
doctrine of non-violence was unable to keep its followers from violence, and so the 
movement became disgraced. 

An Indian has said: "If ever there was a time when the educated Indian has 
consciously paid homage to Jesus Christ, it is in the year 1922." There is a new at- 
titude to Jesus Christ in India today, and it is an attitude of reverence. The chief 
reason for it is the life and teaching of Mr. Gandhi. In his trial he was compared to 
Jesus before Pilate. Jesus is recognized as the greatest and best Character. Mr. 

J™ 3 e Annual Report 171 

Gandhi's moral teachings he learned from Christ. In his paper an article was pub- 
lished on " The Sacrifice of Jesus," and it has drawn many educated people to the 
Bible and Christ, for they admire one who suffers patiently and innocently as Jesus 
did. The movement brought out a large sheet containing the pictures of " The Seven 
Great Men of the World." They were Mr. Gandhi, Krishna, Buddha, Christ, Tolstoi, 
Lenin, and McSweeney. Strange combination! True, not many of the higher classes 
have come out and openly confessed Christ, but it is reported that there are many 
secret disciples of Christ among them. 

Mr. Gandhi and his movement have accomplished good for India, in that he has 
set forth the evils of caste and untouchability, and also of intemperance. In a con- 
structive way they have urged upon Indians to produce in the country what they 
need for food and clothing, and not to depend on imports, which take the money out 
of the country. There has been a vigorous boycott of English clothing, and in many 
places there have been huge bonfires of English cloth. Even now in our own 
Navsari town you may see men and boys parading the streets before the cloth shops, 
wearing on their chests the placard, " Give up foreign cloth." Production of home- 
spun cloth has been encouraged, and there are thousands today who will wear nothing 
but this kind, even though it is not so nice in appearance. 

But caste is not dead. Think of what the poor Hindus, who were forcibly con- 
verted to Mohammedanism, have to do to get back into their caste. It was decided 
for men who had their tuft of hair cut off and repeated the Mohammedan confession 
of faith, and for women who had their ears bored and wore moplah jackets, that they 
must eat the five products of the cow for three days at any temple, make whatever 
offerings they can, and repeat the names of Narayana or Siva 3,999 times every day. 
If there has been circumcision or cohabitation they must repeat the names of the 
gods for twelve days and 12,000 times a day. If they have eaten food cooked by a 
Mohammedan they must wash their sins away in the " holy Setu " and observe the 
ceremonies for forty-one days. And this for people who were the victims of force! 

Yes, Hinduism! I quote from the paper, The Hindu: "The oldest and gentlest 
of our holy bulls passed away yesterday. In a moment all the bazaars, including the 
vegetable market, were closed. The holy bull was taken round the town on a miniature 
chariot, accompanied by thousands of people and by an innumerable number of 
bhajana (praying) parties. A sum of two 'thousand rupees was raised on the spot 
to erect a memorial over the grave of the noble animal." This is India! 

But there is progress in India, notwithstanding such incidents as the above. Social 
reforms are being pressed very vigorously by some of the Indian leaders themselves. 
Child marriage is being discouraged and widow remarriage is being encouraged. The 
movement for temperance and prohibition has spread over the whole country and 
all classes unite in urging it; many legislative councils have considered it and taken 
measures for the reduction of liquor consumption. 

The conscience clause has been passed in a number of the provinces in some form. 
In Bombay Presidency it will apply only to the schools in single school areas, i. e.. 
where people must send to one school, there being no other. In such schools there 
can be no compulsory attendance in the classes where religion - is taught. Bombay 
has also passed a compulsory education law, which will gradually in a period of years 
bring education to all the children of the presidency. 

In the Indian church there is developing a strong sentiment for one national 
church, which shall be less Western and more Indian and better suited to Indian 
ideals. There is strong reaction against Western denominationalism; efforts for church 
union are common, and a few of them have become successful. The national spirit 
is growing among Indian Christians, and the influence of the Indian community is 
being felt more and more in political life. 

Among missions the strong plea is in behalf of " devolution schemes," by which the 
work that is being done by the missions shall be taken over by the Indian church, i. e.. 
missions decrease and the church increase. This will require Indian leadership and an 
increasing amount of financial support on the part of the Indian church. It means 

172 The Missionary Visitor \™f 

also that the missionary shall yield his place and authority to Indian leaders as they 
are able to assume it. Last year two neighboring missions put such devolution 
schemes into operation, and others are planning to do the same. 

Another long step in the same direction is the change of the National Mission- 
ary Council to the National Christian Council, and the provincial councils have been 
changed in harmony with this plan, so the Bombay Representative Council of Missions 
becomes the Bombay Christian Council, for which a new constitution has been adopted, 
in which provision has been made that at least half of the representatives shall be 
Indian. This new constitution is now being submitted to all the churches and mis- 
sions in Bombay Presidency for their approval. 

During the last months of the year a " goddess " movement swept over a large 
part of our field. It came across the Dangs and moved westward and northward, 
covering practically the whole of our Gujerati field. It spread among our aboriginal 
classes and drew very many of our Christians into it. The people believe that the 
goddess possesses certain individuals, and when they are under her influence their 
utterances are to be considered sacred and must, be obeyed. The exhortations are 
given rn a kind of chant, with violent shaking of the head and shoulders. In this 
way the goddess has forbidden the use of all liquor, the eating of meat and the keep- 
ing of goats and chickens, and enjoined daily bathing and absolute cleanliness in and 
around the houses. The people obey out of fear, because, on account of ignorance 
and superstition, they do not understand. Thus thousands quit drinking liquor all at 
once and the liquor dealers began to mourn their loss. But, sad to say, many have 
begun to drink again. They disposed of their goats and chickens, selling them cheap 
or letting them run loose in the jungle. Now some wish they had them again. Many 
did not work for a whole month, but sat in the goddess' presence day after day and 
let their crops spoil. We never saw so much temperance and so much cleanliness among 
these people before; however, it is an idolatrous movement and has done us much 
harm. The miraculous element appeals to the people and inspires fear within them, 
and so they are drawn away. 

The above movement is both a call and a warning to the Christian church. It 
is a call to us to greater and more diligent and prayerful service among these super- 
stitious people, and it is a warning to us that we have failed in demonstrating the power 
of the true Spirit among them. What the Indian church needs is a revival; yea, the 
whole church of God needs a revival. Let us give ourselves to more earnest prayer 
and humble consecration, that the Spirit of God may work through us to do his 
will in power among the lost. 

The Present Outlook 


N some respects, if we take a look over our field, the pros- 
pects are not v?ry good, for at the close of 1922 and the 
opening of 1923 the work was hindered a great deal by sick- 
ness, both among the missionaries and the Indian staff. Most of 
our touring parties had to break up for part or all of the time of 
this touring season. At some of the stations none got out on 
tour at all. It appears that the adversary is doing all he can to 
keep the Gospel from being preached. 

Bro. Long writes: "The outlook at Anklesvar is fine, and 

I hope and pray God that we may revive things, teachers, and 

village Christians a bit. If so, to him be the praise. We have had 

good meetings at several villages, and I believe that the Master 

ICaylor has many unwon folks in this territory. Pray for us, that we may 

win them." 

In the Jalalpor District, where we have had work almost from the beginning of our 

India Mission, there have been many openings the last few months. Bro. Forney puts it 



Annual Report 


Youth and Age of India Standing on the Bank of a Stream Just Before Baptism 

this way: "At Bhat the work has responded after twenty years of effort, and seven 
have been baptized. East of Jalalpor, after many years of school and evangelistic work, 
six have been baptized from one village. Between Unai and Kala Amba (near the border 
of the Dangs), eight have been baptized since Jan. 1. In all these districts is most hope- 
ful territory. The Girls' Boarding School is gradually growing, now thirty-five, and more 
are expected. Workers are taking interest and taking earnest hold, that the work 
may advance. We know the work is the Lord's, and if we do our part he will do his." 

At Bulsar the main line of activity is in the Boys' Boarding School and the industries 
connected with it. There are about 200 boys in the boarding and as day scholars. Bro. 
Ebey says: " It is the aim of the school to fit the boys for life in the most practical way 
possible. We endeavor to give them a chance to work in several different trades, and 
finally to choose the one they prefer and develop skill in that before leaving school. 
Hence we have five different lines of activity — gardening, carpentry, blacksmithing, tail- 
oring, and weaving. In the Wankel Boarding there are thirty boys and thirty day 
scholars. Here they are given work in garden and stable. This is a splendid training. 
Raw boys from the villages get their first instruction in right ways of living, as well as 
in Christian living and the common branches. Village schools are the medium through 
which a contact is being made with the parents of these boys and other village folks. 
Caste prejudices are being broken down and a good feeling developed. Temperance prop- 
aganda has helped us gain the good will of the people." These and other lines are the 
opening wedges for the gospel preaching and a great work for the future in these parts. 
" The Joint Station Conference is the new feature of the year in the development of the 
work, and of right relations between the mission and the Indian church." 

In the Vali-Umalla territory Brother and Sister Summer are putting forth efforts 
to carry on the work. He reports as follows: " Now as for the present prospects here in 
Rajpipla State, first of all I will say that they are big, for the state is big, and the 
Lord's promises are sure. There seems to be no nearness of a large boom at present, but 
there is ground for taking courage. There is no marked opposition anywhere against the 
Christians, and as appears to me the spiritual life of the Christians seems to be deepening. 
A number have backslidden and are living in sin. But another large number are trying 
to be faithful, and thus are together doing some real witnessing. A number who have 
been in sin have confessed and thus are trying anew again. 

" There are in Rajpipla State in round numbers 670 villages. We now have schools 


The Missionary Visitor 


in nine of them, including Vali. So there is much room for further progress. A num- 
ber of other villages are requesting schools. Several young men are in training at 
Ahmedabad, and so in another year we can hope to open up more village school work. 

"At a village fifteen miles from here in the jungles there are thirty-one Christians, 
five of whom have been baptized recently. We have hopes of an organized church there 
some day. 

" With increasing faith and growing zeal on the part of the Christians, for the most 
part, we cannot help but foresee advancement in the future. 

" In our boarding school of more than 125 boys, about one-fifth of whom are Chris- 
tians, we have large prospects for advancement, for when these boys shall have finished 
their training their lives will tell in the respective villages where they will go and live. 

" Despite the slowness of advancement at present, and the need for more and better 
workers, in the language of a great former missionary we feel to say that the future out- 
look for Rajpipla State ' is as bright as the promises of God.' " 

The above are but samples of the work at most of our mission stations. The univer- 
sal testimony of our missionaries is that there is an openness now that has never been 
seen heretofore. The great seething movements of the Indian people toward self- 
government, and the growing uneasiness with past and present conditions and attain- 
ments — political, social, economic, and religious — and a longing for better things, seem 
to have opened their heart to listen to the claims of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Old reli- 
gions are waning and losing their hold on the people. Many who have been deaf and 
obstinate, because of caste prejudice, have become more lenient to Christians, and no 
longer consider them " defiled." 

In Vada the people have been asking for the printed page more and more the last 
few months, and it is hoped that arrangements can be made to open a reading room 
in the heart of the village, which will be a center from which the Light will radiate. 
It is hoped, too, that we will be more and more able to get out among the scores of 
villages about us and do more direct evangelistic work than we have been able to do in 
the past, and we are sure that there will be fruits from the years of sowing. We are 
working hard to develop and strengthen those that are Christians, to make them as true 
as possible to their profession, for it is their lives that are read more than any printed 
page, and that bear constant testimony for or against the truth. Both of our boarding 
schools have increased lately, and it is in these that we have the greatest hopes for the 
future. These children of today will furnish the workers and Christian communities of 
tomorrow, and so we are doing all we can to train these for God's service. All that we 
can do is but for him and for his glory. He has called us, and promised to be with us 
until the end of the age, when he will come and gather home his own — the saved ones 
from the ends of the earth. 

D. L. Forney 

Evangelism Among Men 


THE harvest truly is plenteous but the laborers are 
few " is as fitting in India today as in the day it was 

Among the masses of men in India there are several 
classes. There is one class who have had the opportunity 
of education in a small or larger way. They realize that 
many of the ideas they have held concerning God and re- 
ligion are imperfect or untrue. Many of these people have 
swerved from their ancestral beliefs and are open to larger 
truths. They have not the courage to accept the truths of 
Christianity as a whole, while admitting they are right. 

Among this class are many who have been influenced by 
the teachings of Mr. Gandhi, who himself is a reader of the 
Bible and an admirer of the Man of Galilee. Could the 
talent he is using to tear down English rule in India be em- 

June Annual Report 175 

ployed wholly in constructive work for the masses of India, how great might be the 

Another class includes the ignorant and backward, of whom there are more than 
sixty millions in India. It is from these classes that the largest numbers have been 
won for Christ in India. They are more teachable and accessible. In accepting Chris- 
tianity it has frequently been in masses. They are beginning to be recognized as a 
power in educational and governmental affairs. Given the opportunity, the young 
men of this class often outstrip their higher-class brothers, who look upon them with 
disdain. Their acceptance of Christianity is measured largely by the strength of the 
evangelistic effort that is used. The work of our own mission the past year was 
among both of the above classes, only in a limited way, however, among the first- 
mentioned class. As the missionaries and workers come in contact with them in the 
bazaars, in business relations, on the railway trains, have we been able to bring the 
message to them. The work of such evangelists as Stanley Jones is aimed to reach 
them in a larger and more definite way. Only a comparatively few, however, are 
brought to a definite acceptance of Christianity, though many discard the worship of 
idols and other superstitions to which they are bound. It will require much conse- 
crated and persistent effort, with prayer and the Spirit-filled life, to win these souls 
for God. 

From the reports received from the workers at our various stations it appears that 
something in a definite way has been accomplished among the second class mentioned. 
Vyara station reports that among the young men the best results are obtained. Very 
few of those above thirty-five years of age are baptized. ^Those who can be brought 
into the boarding schools or into the village night schools are more generally won. 
The work of some faithful teachers and of school supervisors has been the means oi 
bringing a number to Christ. The work at Bhat and other villages in Jalalpor district 
is further evidence of this kind of effort. Faithful, consecrated and concentrated labor 
brings results. Too often our work is scattered over too large a territory. The 
missionary tries to reach a certain number of villages in a certain time. With Indian 
assistants he holds a few meetings, preaches a few sermons, and with the aid of 
lantern views during a week or more in one village or a group of villages he gives the 
gospel message, then moves on to another village. The teacher in the village may 
follow up the work to the best of his ability, which is good, but it lacks in directness. It 
is not intensive. The missionary is not to blame; neither is the India worker. From 
the reports that have been received from the various stations on evangelism among 
men, a few observations may not be amiss. 

1. In many cases the missionary has building or boarding or industrial or several 
other lines of work that require his thought and energy. He is not directly evan- 
gelizing. For this and other reasons the call has been made for " evangelists " to 
be sent to the field, who can devote their time and energy to direct evangelism. 

2. The India worker does the best he can with the preparation and ability he 
has. He may have had training as a teacher, but not as an evangelist. More than 
one missionary feels the need of capable men whose " lips have been touched with 
coals from off the altar," and whose hearts are aflame with love for those who are 

3. India is now in transition. She is astir as never before. Old creeds, all 
creeds are being tested. Foundations are being tried. Government policies are 
questioned. The attitude of passive submission no longer exists. Independence is 
sought for. Now is the opportune time to point the men of India to him who is 
able to set them free from the bondage of sin and give them the glorious liberty of the 
children of God. This is the heart burden of every missionary on the field, though 
he be unable to give himself unstintingly to its realization. After all, the conversion of 
India's men rests largely with those who have themselves been saved and are moved 
to go out to those who are yet unsaved. 


176 The Missionary Visitor J"" e 

I Evangelism Among Women 


N our evangelistic work among women there were few visible 

results during the past year, if the number of converts be our 

criterion. But there was progress. With a firm conviction 

that faithful, conscientious service is bound to bring results, our 

women workers are pressing on. 

The women among whom we work are, for the most part, 
illiterate. There are several classes: Those who are Christian, 
but not far removed from heathenism; the heathen wives of 
Christian husbands, and in some sections of our field the only 
Christians in the villages are the teacher and his family. Work 
among the women of the last-named class seems the least fruit- 
ful. For it is all but impossible for a woman to become a Chris- 
B. Mary Royer tian unless her husband also is ready to take the step. 

In the northern part of our field the men have been accepting Christianity since the 
early days of our work in India. The women are kept more closely at home and have 
fewer opportunities to learn of the Way. Into these villages and homes our missionary 
sisters and their Bible women go to teach and win the women. 

Although they have access to the homes, leading the women to a higher plane is not 
easy. Old superstitions die hard, and the chains of ignorance are not easily broken. We 
of the West, who are accustomed to doing our work through organized effort, naturally 
want to gather these women into classes and give them systematic teaching. The women 
respond if convenient to do so. Usually it is not convenient many times in succession. 
The water must in many cases be brought from a distance. This is the work of the 
women and girls. The family washing at the village well or at the river and sitting on 
the tower in the field to watch the grain, are among the duties that take a village 
woman's time. 

One of our most experienced and successful women workers writes thus of a pro- 
gram she had planned for her district work during the touring season: " But alas! 
After the first week my program could not be carried out. Verily, sufficient unto the day 
is the program thereof. What then is the use of making an effort if nothing more 
definite can be accomplished? Even though these women do not develop as we would 
like them to, by keeping in touch with them a large percentage become willing to have 
their children taught. And who knows but that in our sowing beside all waters some 
seed may fall on good ground and bring forth fruit though the soil seems unpromising?" 
During the past year Sisters Widdowson, Ziegler, and Sadie Miller were working 
among the women of the villages. Sisters Blough, Garner, and Eby accompanied their 
husbands on tour and worked among the women. 

While most of our work is done among the village or country women, Sister Forney 
is giving some time to the women in the town of Jalalpor. Sister Kintner is giving part 
time to women's work at Bulsar. 

Jalalpor is fortunate in having two good Bible women for town work. During the 
year they made more than 650 calls and gave a gospel message to over 2,000 women. 

At Vada the work has suffered because of the unavoidable shifting of missionaries in 
the past few years. It takes time to win one's way into the hearts of the Indian people, 
and it is therefore difficult to build up a work when the missionary force is frequently 
changing. However, Sister Hollenberg is winning the confidence of the women by means 
of thread and needle. 

Vali has suffered a similar fate during the past year. On account of the ill health 
of the Holsopples, the station was left without a missionary a good part of the time. 
Several women are working in the district. One Bible woman in the village of Vali 
had a daily class of non-Christian women. Along with giving them Bible instruction 
she was able to interest them in mending their clothes. 

Vyara has twelve women workers in the district. They work among the women and 


Annual Report 


A Group of Bible Women in the Anklesvar District 

children of the village. They help them in times of trouble and sickness. They en- 
courage them to attend services and urge them to send their children to the mission 
school. When possible they conduct regular Bible classes. One of their Bible women 
succeeded in getting together a class of ten women and took them through a course of 
study during the year. 

Ahwa seems to be the most hopeful of our stations in the Marathi speaking area. 
The money lender is absent. The people pay little attention to caste. Sister Alice Ebey, 
who has charge of the women's work at this place, has from fifty to seventy-five women 
in her Sunday-school class and at her midweek women's meetings. Four were baptized 
during the year and seventeen inquirers are under instruction. In this part of our field 
there are ten Bible women at work; two in the village of Ahwa and eight in distant vil- 
lages. Their best-qualified Bible woman was called to her reward near the close of the 
year. On Sunday afternoons Sister Ebey, in company with the Bible women and school- 
girls, holds services in non-Christian homes in Ahwa. 

At one of our stations, where there are no Christians except the teachers and their 
families in the villages, the missionary and her Bible woman decided to direct their 
efforts to the children, their aim being to reach the girls whom the teacher was not yet 
able to get into the schools. At first the outlook was good. The girls were given daily 
Bible instruction. They were taught to read by the direct method, and sewing. Each 
girl, after she could make a backstitch fairly well, was given cloth for a jacket (a garment 
which takes the place of a blouse). This she sewed in class, and when the garment was 
finished it was her own. All who came thoroughly enjoyed the work. But it wasn't 
long until the landlords threatened them and made the parents suspicious. As a result 
the class was almost broken up. But the workers were not discouraged. They deter- 
mined to continue and see what could be done with the few who remained. Inside of a 
month's time those who were fairly regular in attendance were able to read sixteen les- 
sons in the primer and to make for themselves a garment. The teacher's wife in this 
village has little education, and a large family to care for, but she seems to be making 
an honest effort to continue the work with the few girls who come. 

To keep up an interest in the study of the Bible and better to fit them for their work 
a three-year course of study has been prepared for our women workers. A class of 


The Missionary Visitor 


the Vyara Bible women completed the second year's work during the past year. Not 
the least important phase of our women's work is to keep up the spiritual life of our Bible 
women. A large number are the wives of our village school-teachers. They are out in 
lonely places, surrounded by heathen influences which are not conducive to soul growth. 
They need our prayers and encouragement, that they may be real lights in the dark 
places of this needy land. 

Church and Sunday School Activities 



URING 1922 our Indian churches and Sunday-schools 

tried with faithfulness to meet something of the great 

need of the one and a quarter millions of people in our 

territory who are needing the Gospel of Light and Love. And 

in both the Gujerat and Marathi districts definite progress has 

been made. 

In all there are nine organized churches, ranging in mem- 
bership from sixty-seven to more than one thousand. There 
are nine fully-organized Sunday-schools, besides nearly one 
hundred other smaller ones. Together they have an average 
attendance of more than two thousand, and the offerings given 
were quite splendid, considering the poverty of the people. Most 
of the organized schools have separate primary and adult de- 
Alley partments, and at least one school has a junior department. 

The officers and teachers of our Sunday-schools are at least ninety per cent Indian. 
We are glad for the ability shown by them in teaching and in administration, but 
there is great opportunity for the missionary further to train and direct them in the 

The only organized church some distance from a mission station (fifteen miles) 
is the Amletha congregation in Rajpipla State. Although one of our Indian minis- 
ters lives there, there seems to be a great need of revival among the many who have 
been baptized, in order that the church's influence may be more powerfully felt in 
the community. 

The other church in Rajpipla State, at Vali, has a large churchhouse, which is 
practically filled each Sunday morning by the 125 boys of the boarding school, the 
teachers, and Christians and others from the village. There are also services on 
Sunday afternoon and a midweek prayer meeting each week. In several of the out- 
villages, where day and Sunday-schools are conducted, a number were baptized during 
the year. Some who were living in sin have made confession and been restored, and 
so prospects for the future look brighter. The main school is quite well organized 
and a number of lesser ones are conducted in a few of the many waiting villages. 

We rejoice with the church at Vyara because of the one hundred and thirteen 
baptisms during the year, as well as for much progress made in every way. In 
five villages, where a number of Christians live, love feasts were held with good 
results. At the station a fifteen days' Bible Institute was held, closing with a very 
spiritual love feast. 

In spite of these good things, Vyara, like some of our other churches, has 
felt the influence of a rather mysterious movement that has extended over a large 
area. Bro. Blough writes: "In the goddess movement which swept over our district, 
many of the village Christians took part, and so became demon worshipers for the 
moment — inspired by fear and dumbfounded by what seemed to them miraculous. 
This happened because they are ignorant and superstitious and not well grounded in 
the faith." During the year the number of Sunday-schools at Vyara increased from 
twenty to twenty-eight. Nearly all these schools made a good showing in the All-India 
Sunday-school Examination. 

Anklesvar is another of our large churches and is making splendid progress. 

Jj"* Annual Report 179 


Alice K. Ebey's Sunday-school Class, Ahwa, Dangs. Thirty-one Women Enrolled, Not One 

of Whom Can Read 

During the past year special efforts have been made to teach those who have been 
baptized, and properly to instruct applicants for baptism. Thirty were baptized and 
many others are being daily taught because they have asked to be admitted into the 
church. Of those baptized nine were from a village where a teacher has been work- 
ing for four years. Because the economic condition of these men is better than that 
of our average Christians, the prospects for permanent results in this village are 
especially good. 

In the district the number of Sunday-schools has increased and the attendance 
practically has doubled. In the villages in the outskirts of Anklesvar, as well as farther 
out in the district, there are opportunities for opening new schools at once if teachers 
can be found. 

The Jalalpor church is not so large, but shows a healthy growth of thirty per 
cent increase in membership. Here, as elsewhere, the children of the boarding school 
request baptism as soon as they are sufficiently taught. However, of the twenty-four 
baptized during the year there were a number of village school-teachers and others 
from the outlying districts who came as a sort of " first fruits " of the larger harvest 
which seems ready to be gathered in the near future. 

The Sunday-schools' work also shows that progress has been made. Difficulties 
are present here as everywhere. Bro. Forney writes of interruptions because of the 
"goddess" movement. He says: "We are glad that none of the Christians have 
been moved from their faith, though strong efforts were made to turn them. We 
praise God for grace and strength given in these times of testing. The cause of the 
Master has gone forward, and we pray that it may continue." 

The Bulsar church has a membership of two hundred. Bro. Eby writes: "The 
distinctive feature of church life at Bulsar is the growth in self-government. Every 
effort is being made to put responsibility on the shoulders of the Indian officials. The 
official board is ample for the needs of the church and (except the elder in charge 
and the other missionaries) all the officers of the Sunday-school and church are 

Bulsar is the only place in the mission where English services are held regularly. 
Because of the large English-speaking community of railway people and others the 
opportunities seem good for developing this part of our work if more attention can be 
given to it. 

A number of the pupils from the boarding schools, and others from the ranks 
of the Sunday-school, have been baptized. 

180 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Besides this splendidly-organized Sunday-school, with an attendance of about 
two hundred and fifty, there are three other branch Sunday-schools near by. One of 
these has an average attendance of one hundred and nine, while the other two are 
smaller. This work is very encouraging. 

Of our three Marathi churches, Ahwa, Vada and Dahanu, the Ahwa church leads 
in membership as well as in some other things. While the difficulties to be over- 
come are many, the awful caste barriers seem to be weaker than where our other churches 
are located. Sister Ebey writes as follows: "During the year we have had eighteen 
baptisms, and a number of others are waiting to be taken into the church. At our 
regular morning services we have had an average of two hundred and fifteen in at- 
tendance. Our little church has been crowded almost every Sunday. There are one 
hundred and forty-four members in the Ahwa church. All have been deeply moved 
by the recent death of the wife of our pastor. Rupees four hundred and seventy-two 
were given to the Williams Memorial Fund. Smaller gifts were made to the Bible 
Society, temperance cause, and over three hundred rupees were given to the District 
Meeting offering. 

" The Sunday-school has not been quite so well attended but all our Christians 
and some others attend. The room is inadequate and there are not enough teachers, 
though all available are being used. The men's and women's classes each number about 
forty. We have a separate primary department with four teachers and about fifty 
children. We organized a cradle roll during the year, with eighteen charter members. 
These babies come regularly with their mothers to the Sunday-school sessions. 

" There are also nine other village Sunday-schools in the district, whose influence 
cannot easily be measured. They are as lights, though small, dispelling the darkness 
of ignorance and sin." 

The Vada church has increased in membership and made progress along the lines 
of self-government. She now numbers eighty-one members. With the exception of 
the elder in charge the Sunday-school and church officers are all Indian. The Sunday- 
school at the station is well organized, while several other schools are conducted by 
village teachers in the outlying districts. 

The Marathi District Meeting was held here in January and was a good meet- 
ing in every way. The church bore all the expenses of bringing the delegates and 
others from the* railway — a distance of thirty miles — and cared for all in a most 
hospitable manner. One of the features of the meeting was the splendid addresses 
on Christian living given by Rev. R. S. Modak, an Indian missionary of the American 
Marathi Mission. 

Eight were added to the Dahanu church by baptism during the year. Most of 
these were pupils in our boarding schools. Much teaching has been done in the vil- 
lages by village and Sunday-school teachers, and by missionaries and Indian evan- 
gelists going out from the station. We are glad for the interest shown and for the 
fact that some seem near the kingdom. Palghar station is still a part of the Dahanu 
church. The Brethren there have conducted a Sunday-school during the year, and 
efforts have been made in other villages to bring the "good news" to the many who 
have not yet heard. 

Both Gujarat and Marathi Districts now have District Mission Boards at work. 
In the former district the work has been going on for several years and its progress 
is of much interest to the church. In the latter part of the year this work was also 
started by the Marathi Board at a place called Kasa, about fifteen miles east of 
Dahanu. We pray that success may attend these efforts, and that the Indian church 
may feel more and more the_ responsibility of evangelizing her fellow-countrymen. 
Our mission continues to prepare and publish in Gujarat the Sunday-school 
Quarterly which is used by all Gujarat and also published in Marathi by the Tract and 
Book Society and used by a number of Marathi missions. 

We are thankful to God who has called us and our Indian Brethren into this 
great work, and who has blessed his work in our hands. In his strength we press 
on in this great unfinished task. 


Annual Report 


From Vada to Vali in 1922 



OST of the Visitor readers have some friends on the 

India field and many know nearly all of them, so it 

might be of interest to say just where our workers have 

been the past year and what they have been doing. Suppose we 

take a hurried trip, beginning at Vada, and visit each station. 

At the beginning of 1922 the Kaylors, Hollenbergs, and 
Misses Brumbaugh and Brown were at Prospect Point, Maha- 
bleshwar. During the hot season all but Bro. Kaylor were here 
in language study. At the close of that season Miss Brown an- 
nounced her intention of resigning from the ranks of the Miss 
Sahibs, and Miss Blickenstaff was transferred to Vada in her 
place. Miss Blickenstaff has been helping Miss Brumbaugh with 
Mary Speicher Shull the qj^, Boarding School in connection with her nurse's duties. 

Bro. Kaylor had charge of the evangelistic work and Bro. Hollenberg of the educational. 
We will take the Ford now to Palghar; it will be quicker than a tonga or oxcart. 
Here were the Garners and Butter- 
baughs. Bro. Garner had charge of 
the evangelistic work. Bro. Butter- 
baughs moved here after spending 
the hot season in Mahableshwar in 
language study. He is looking after 
the building work. The " kiddies " 
here have good times, and Jasper 
will be missed when he goes on 

The next station north is Da- 
hanu. Here Miss Ebbert faithfully 
mothers her girls in the boarding 
school while her partner, Miss 
Royer, has charge of the women's 
evangelistic work. Miss Blicken- 
staff was here until she went to 
Vada in July. When she left, Mrs. 
Alley took the medical work. Bro. 
Alley has charge of the Boys' 
Boarding and the district work. 
During the year the Shulls were 
here assisting in the work and com- 
pleting their language study. Al- 
though transferred to Ahwa they 
were unable to go until the begin- 
ning of 1923. Some of Bro. Shull's 
time goes to the writing of the Sun- 
day-school notes. 

Bulsar comes next. Here we 
have quite a group of missionaries. 
Bro. Rosses left for America in 
March and Brethren Wagoner and 
Eby took over his work. Bro. 
Wagoner has charge of the indus- 
trial work of the school and super- 
intends the carpenter shop. His 
wife, thanks to her good nature, is like the proverbial cookie lady. Her larder must 

182 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

always be full, for the next train may bring in some hungry missionaries — and missionar- 
ies are double first cousins of preachers. 

In the same household are Misses Kintner and Shumaker. Miss Kintner teaches 
the missionaries' children, and also sees that the " widows are not neglected in the daily 
ministrations." Miss Shumaker is the friend of the children. We are indebted to her 
for a small children's song book in the vernacular and valuable suggestions to village 

Bro. E. H. Eby and wife were out in the district during the winter. Then Sister 
Eby took the boys to Naini Tal to school. Bro. Eby also has charge of the large 
Boys' Boarding which is here. Bro. Blickenstaff's task is constant — juggling with figures, 
calling on Bro. Culp in the Elgin office, for money, and handing it out to the mission- 
aries. The doctors and Nurse Mohler also have constant work among the sick and 
suffering. Dr. Nickey went on furlough early in the year, and from then until the coming 
of Drs. Cottrell in September the medical work was directed by Nurse Mohler. 

Bro. Hofrert also is at Bulsar, when he is not somewhere else. His temperance work 
takes him to all of our stations as well as to other missions and districts. 

Going north from Bulsar we transfer at Bilimora for the jungle trip to Ahwa. Bro. 
Adam Ebeys are here. They have been alone in the work. The work has been develop- 
ing rapidly, and during the year they were awaiting the coming of other recruits. Lois 
was in school at Landour and Mrs. Ebey and Leah Ruth spent a few weeks of the hot 
season with her. 

Jalalpor is just a short distance from Bilimora. For the most of the year Bro. 
Forneys and Sister Replogle were here. Early in November Sister Replogle was trans- 
ferred to Vyara to help Sister Grisso in the boarding school. 

Vyara is on a railway running east from Surat. Here Bro. Bloughs are in charge 
of the Boys' Boarding School and the large district work. However, Bro. Summer 
was here during the first half of the year and cared for the work during the hot season 
while Bro. Bloughs were away for a vacation. 

Sister Grisso has the Girls' Boarding, which was under Sister Mow's direction before 
she returned home. Sister Widdowson was doing work among the women here, and dur- 
ing the hot season cared for the Girls' Boarding. In Novmeber she was transferred to 
Umalla to help in the baby home. 

From Vyara we go to Anklesvar, where the Millers are. Eliza has the educational 
work of the large Girls' Boarding and Sadie the hostel work. Arthur is to develop 
agricultural work in connection with the new training school, but the past year much of 
the station work fell to him. Bro. Lichty's home was here most of the year, but his 
duties as mission builder necessitated his being absent from Anklesvar a great deal of 
the time. 

Bro. Longs, Miss Shickel, and Miss Wolfe are recent additions to the Anklesvar 
family. While completing her language study, Miss Shickel is becoming acquainted with 
the educational work of the girls' school, for which she will be responsible when Miss 
Eliza Miller goes home on furlough. Miss Wolfe was located here for language study 
and Brother and Sister Long for evangelistic work. 

From Anklesvar we go east on a narrow-gauge railway to Umalla. Here Miss 
Himmelsbaugh has been doing much medical work and also caring for the baby home. 
Recently Miss Widdowson moved here from Vyara and now has charge of the baby 
home, thus relieving Miss Himmelsbaugh of the too heavy work which she was carrying. 
Miss Ziegler also has been living here since last July, but for the most part her work 
was among the women of the Anklesvar District. 

Two and one-half miles from Umalla is Vali. After their wedding in July Brother 
and Sister Summer were located here to take up the work left by the Holsopples. Here 
there is a large Boys' Boarding and a large evangelistic work in the district. 

And now our journey is ended. We think that since Mrs. Summer made the trip 
last year she would have been better qualified to be your guide on the journey. 


Annual Report 


ian Grisso 

Girls' Boarding Schools 


THE year that has just closed marked steady progress in the 
work of oqr boarding schools. All but one of the schools 
had an increase in attendance, the total number of girls 
in training at the end of the year being 429. 

Most of the girls had good health. Dahanu had an epidemic 
of whooping cough early in the year, and the work in the Vada 
school was somewhat hindered by dysentery and malaria. The 
latter has visited all of our schools more or less. At Vyara there 
were many minor ailments, and investigation showed an ill- 
balanced diet. Some changes in the food were made, and are 
already resulting in better physical conditions. A marked im- 
provement in the health of the girls at Anklesvar has been 
noticed since the new school building, which affords plenty of 
light and air, has been in use. Three deaths have been reported 
from the six schools. 

All the schools prove good evangelizing agencies. Twenty-six young people were 
baptized during the year. Most of the girls who are old enough have become members 
of the church. 

Miss Ebbert continued in charge of the Dahanu school throughout the year. She 
taught the sewing and English classes. All of the girls over 9 years of age made their 
own clothes. 

The Rosa Kaylor Memorial School at Vada lost one of its workers in July, when 
Miss Brown became Mrs. Summer. Since that time Miss Brumbaugh has had charge 
of both the school and the hostel. She has demonstrated that modern American 
methods of teaching are worth while in Indian schools. Since the introduction of better 
methods of teaching in reading the children learn to read in one-fourth to one-fifth the 
time previously required when the alphabet method was used. Vada has been quite 
fortunate in securing a trained Bible woman, who gives graded Bible instruction three 
hours daily. 

During the latter part of the year fifteen little girls, most of them orphans, were 
brought from the famine district and are now in the boarding school. 

Concerning the school at Ahwa, Sister Ebey writes as follows: "Most of the girls 
counted as boarders live in their own homes and attend school. The parents are too 
poor to feed and clothe their children unless they keep them out of school to work and 
add to the family income. Hence the mission provides for each girl two suits of cloth- 
ing a year, and when she attends regularly about forty or fifty cents' worth of grain 
each month. We recognize that the girls do not thus come under the direct super- 
vision of the missionary as in our other boarding schools; but on the other hand, 
they carry back to their homes an influence for cleaner habits and for higher and better 
spiritual living. In one home the girls have taught the father to pray, and every even- 
ing they read to him the Sc.ipture lesson they had in school." These girls do all their 
own sewing. 

Miss Rcplogle was in charge of the Jalalpor school most of the year. During the 
latter part of the year she came to Vyara, and Sister Forney now cares for the 
boarding at Jalalpor. This is the youngest of the girls' schools. During the year it in- 
creased from twenty-five to thirty-four. A number of little girls were brought from the 
Anklesvar school, and two of the older girls were sent to Anklesvar, as the work at 
Jalalpor was carried through only the first three grades. Some of the girls from the 
district, that have been brought into the school, come from non-Christian homes. Many 
parents see no reason for educating girls. Poverty, child marriage, superstition and 
caste are also barriers to progress and can be overcome only gradually. But this school 
has already borne fruit. Five of the girls were baptized during the year. 

Miss Sadie Miller cared for the hostel of the Anklesvar school during the year and 


The Missionary Visitor 


Miss Eliza Miller was in charge of the school work. Including the girls sent to higher 
institutions, the largest number on the list during the year was 191. Two continued in 
training for nurses, four were in the Anglo-Vernacular school at Baroda, and fifteen were 
in the Normal Training College at Godhra. Two girls graduated from the latter 
school and will teach at Anklesvar during the coming year. Daily Bible classes were 
taught in all grades. The school was helped by a government grant of Rupees 605. 

Miss Mow was superintendent of the Vyara School at the beginning of the year. 
After her departure Miss Widdowson cared for the work for three months during 
the vacation season, and Miss Grisso took charge of the work from July. The school 
maintained an average attendance of about 100 during the year. Even this number 
overcrowded the dormitory. The attendance was more regular and the girls came back 
more promptly when given leave than in former years. At one time during the year the 
village people decided that all the girls must be taken out of the boarding school, lest 
they be defiled. For a few days the result was uncertain, but God heard our prayers and 
the decision of the people was changed. The loyalty of the older girls during the time 
of testing was a great encouragement. We believe the school is sufficiently established 
so that soon the girls can be selected and only the stronger ones admitted. 

Girls' Boarding School Industries 



Nettie (Brown) 

CERTAIN writer has said, " A man who gives his children 
habits of industry provides for them better than by giving 
them a fortune." This applies to a mission as well as a 
family. As yet the industries for our girls are not on an organ- 
ized basis, as is found in some other missions. Yet the training 
our girls are getting goes a long way in fitting them for the 
society which they enter on leaving school. They are receiving 
that which makes them homemakers. 

The girl who goes out from our schools wearing the clothes 
she has made and mended is an incentive to the village women 
and girls to want to do the same thing, and here is her oppor- 
tunity to improve the home life of the community. 

How true is the statement made by Simmons, "Industry 
keeps the body healthy, the mind clear, the heart whole and the purse full "! A curricu- 
lum that leaves out the training of the hand fails to have the best interests of the girls 
at heart. But teach the girl to work in an efficient way and see her develop physically, 
mentally and spiritually. 

It is the aim of our schools to teach the girls to be efficient homemakers, so they 
take their turns at cooking, grinding, carrying water, sweeping, or washing clothes. And 
they do it joyfully, often singing as they work. 

Some gardening is being carried on by the girls at Vyara. Other schools plan to be- 
gin this kind of work. A new feature has been added to the sewing classes at Vyara and 
Dahanu; that is, the cutting out by the girls of their own garments. Heretofore it has 
been done for them. 

At Jalalpor the girls are taken only to the Fourth Standard, so most of them are 
small, but Mrs. Forney says, " They are learning to sew and patch, and the older ones 
are learning to cook, make bread, and wash and take care of their clothes." 

At Dahanu, Miss Ebbert says: "All over ten are sewing, and some under ten are 
being taught to make their own clothes. All from kindergarten up have sewing regularly, 
the smaller ones every day and the larger ones several times a week." 

At Ahwa most of the girls live in their own homes and help with the work there. 
They often sew for others. 

We feel that we did not advance very far during the year, but hope to be able to 
push further forward in the coming years. 

J™| Annual Report 185 

A Peek Into Boys' Boarding School Life 

E. H. EBY 


HAGAN is a typical boy from a village of the jungle tribes. 
He is one among thousands of children who live with their 
parents within dark grass huts. Like the others, he took 
the cattle out to graze in the unfenced fields. He did what a boy 
could do about a hut. His outlook on life was as narrow as his 
abode, his aspirations as limited as his knowledge, until one day 
a Christian preacher came into the village and began to talk to 
his parents about the value of an education, and what a benefit 
would come to the family if they would send their boy to school. 
Chagan heard them talk. It meant nothing to him then. He 
knew of some boys attending a village school some miles away, 
but what a school is like he did not know. After repeated visits 
E 7J £ b the preacher came one day with a group of boys from the mis- 

sion boarding. They were well dressed, clean, and in every 
way different from the village children, though a few years ago 
they, too, had come from just such villages. That night the boys sang many songs 
while they played on native instruments. A large crowd of the villagers gathered to 
listen and wonder. They did not understand what was sung, but they enjoyed the 
music. Most of all they were surprised to see what had been done for some of their 
boys in the mission boarding. Chagan saw and heard, and a new desire was born in his 
breast. He wanted to be like these boys from the boarding. He made bold to tell the 
preacher. The suspicions and fears of the parents having been in large measure dis- 
pelled by the friendly visits of the Indian preacher, they were ready to have their boy 
leave home and go to the mission station. Knowing how liable they are to being in- 
timidated by a word from some unfriendly Hindu, the worker hurried things up, and 
next morning Chagan started in company with his father to walk to the boarding. 

What a change of view! What a lot of boys! How different they looked from the 
half-naked children of the jungle! His own clothes were dirty and torn. On his ar- 
rival these were removed and he was provided with a new suit, like the others were 
wearing. Mealtime came, and he did a thing he never had done in his life before; he 
sat down to eat with folks who were strangers, some of them not of his caste. He had 
been prepared for this by the worker, so he showed little signs of fear. The father 
left him and returned home. Chagan was allowed the freedom of the place, and he soon 
formed some acquaintances. At nightfall he saw the boys gather into lighted rooms for 
study. He sat by the door and looked on. Some teachers sat on chairs beside tables. 
To these the boys went fearlessly when they wanted help on some part of their lesson. 
After night-school all slept. In the morning he was awake at the ring of the bell. 
Sleepy boys arose and went about their morning duties — cleaning their teeth, washing 
face and hands, making their beds and sweeping their rooms. Chagan had never seen 
a sight like this. Soon the bell rang and the boys assembled in a room of the school. 
The boarding manager, called the " housemaster," sat on a chair. The boys began to 
sing; then the master read out of a big Book, and talked; then allthe boys bowed their 
heads and some one talked. Chagan looked and wondered. 

Again the bell rang, and again the boys, after having had some bread or porridge, 
gathered in the rooms, books in hand. Men came and sat on chairs. He was met by 
the headmaster, assigned to a place and given a book and slate. Everybody got busy 
and the teacher helped the stranger to get a start. This was what he had come for — now 
was his chance. But it was hard. In the afternoon he saw the boys put away their books 
and go here and there into other houses, whioh he had not before noticed. Some went 
into a shop, where tools were given to the boys and they began to work on pieces of 
wood. He saw chairs and tables and boxes which the boys had made. Others went 
into a shop where there were some curious machines beside which they sat, and worked 
them with their feet, and pushed cloth across the top. He heard a rapid clicking sound 

186 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

and saw the cloth take the shape of coats, such as he was wearing. Some boys were sit- 
ting on the floor and making buttonholes. Another group of boys went out to the garden 
to pull weeds or dig. Being new and not large, he was sent with this crowd. He knew 
something of this kind of work. It was new, in that there were so many boys together 
and the garden was larger than he had ever seen. Water came running down little 
ditches, and some of the boys guided it to the plants. 

Night drew on. He had seen and heard so much that was new and strange. He was 
far from home. Thoughts of the village life came trooping back. Why should he stay 
here and go through all this? He had a new suit and a full stomach — that was enough. 
Under cover of darkness he stole quietly away and turned up at his village home early 
the next morning. Word soon came to the worker who lived not so far away. He went 
over and had a talk with the boy and the parents. It was there they decided that he must 
go back. Chagan did not agree. He went without food that day. The parents told him 
to take off the new clothes if he was going to stay in the village. This sort of pressure 
was unexpected, and showed the boy that he had made a mistake in leaving school. So 
he returned, having been charged by the mission worker and parents not to run away 
again. He was kindly received on returning to the mission school, but was warned not 
to repeat his misdemeanor. 

Days went on, and gradually he became used to his new environment. Morning 
prayers, meals with the boys, school hours, work hours, night school, and on Saturday 
afternoon a walk to the river for a good bath and to wash his clothes — these events 
came and went. Then on a morning he heard a bell ring, and the people from the 
houses round about, big and little people, assembled. They sang, some one read out of 
a big Book, they all bowed and some one talked. Then they divided up into classes, 
then came together again and some one talked from behind a big box with a slanting 
top on which was the big Book. He understood little of this, but he found out that this 
was the way the Christians worship. He saw no idols, but saw the people pray. The 
friendly way in which he was treated by all, the quietness of it all in comparison with 
what he had ever seen — all this left its impression on his mind. He began to under- 
stand some things that were said and done. He learned the name of Jesus. The songs, 
though strange to him, left a deep impression. Sunday evening the big boys went out 
with the teachers to sing for people in other places. 

The months and years rolled on. Chagan advanced in his studies. He sat with the 
other boys of his class for Bible study. He learned how people should live and treat 
each other. His superstitions began to vanish. The futility of the gods of his parents 
came to his understanding. His ideas of the world were enlarged. One day he 
asked to become a Christian. He knew that his parents would not like this, and that if 
he went home his relatives would persecute him. He was warned, encouraged, and in- 
structed. His faith grew with his courage, and one day along with others of the school 
he was received by baptism into the Christian faith. His work goes on as usual, but now 
he begins to feel a new desire rising in his breast — the desire to do something for his 
heathen parents and village people. In this he is encouraged by the missionary and his 
Christian teachers. His studies are planned to help him prepare for just this kind of 
service for his country. He learns a trade, by which he can supplement the meager in- 
come of his parents. He is trained to help in the moral and social life of his village. 
He is sent away from the boarding to a training school, where he is prepared to teach a 
school in his own village, or another 

Chagan is one of some five hundred boys in the various boarding schools of the 
India Mission. It costs the mission some $4 a month to feed and educate him, but he is 
the greatest asset of the mission, both educationally and evangelistically. He is the 
hope of the future — the light that is to shine in the dark villages back in the jungle. Not 
all will become preachers and teachers. Many will become independent farmers or 
artisans, and do what they can for Christ while making a living for their families. 

Our boardings are our most hopeful agencies. 



Annual Report 


Village Schools 


Alice K. Ebey 

of supplying the need. 

VILLAGE schools are carried on at all of our mission 
stations. There is a total of eighty-six such schools, 
showing an increase of eleven over last year. Jalal- 
por district leads in the number of schools and in the 
number of pupils attending. Vyara follows, with almost 
as many schools and with fifteen night schools. Nine of 
these night schools are in villages where there are no 
day schools. There are some night schools in other districts. 
Mostly grown-ups or large boys, who must work in the 
fields in the day, attend these night schools. 

When we think of 679 villages in Raj Pipla State, and 
very few government schools, ten mission schools seem 
by far too few. Likewise 140 villages in the Dangs, with 
no government schools, nine mission schools fall far short 
There are more government schools in our other districts, 

A Village School Teacher With His Boys 

but hundreds of village children have no school within reach, and there remains a 
real need which the mission must supply. A number of villages have made definite 
requests for the mission to establish schools, but shortage of funds and scarcity 
of suitable teachers make it impossible to comply. 

Most of the pupils in the villages are in the lower standards. Many drop out 
even before they can read well. The scarcity of reading material causes many to 
drop back into illiteracy. However, some schools have the higher standards an 1 
are doing really good work. Many of these schools have government inspection 
and receive grant-in-aid, which amounts to several hundred rupees each year. 

These schools furnish centers for community life and an opportunity to influence 
the people by gospel teaching. In the Anklesvar and Vyara Districts, the schools 
are largely for the children of our village Christians. The school is a meeting place 
for the village people, and the teachers are expected to strengthen, encourage and 
build up these raw converts in the faith of the Lord Jesus. In our other station^ 
where the schools are largely for non-Christian children, the efficient teacher is a 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Home of a Supervisor in Charge of a Number of Villages Where Christian Teachers 
Work. He Is Also a Minister in the Vyara Church of the Brethren 

social worker and spiritual leader. In the village of Bhat, Jalalpor District, five 
schoolboys and two men who were once in the school were recently baptized. 

Some non-Christian teachers have been placed in charge of the smaller schools. 
These schools are usually supervised by a capable Christian teacher, who teaches in 
a larger school near by. In Dahanu the Varli boys, who have been in our mission 
schools for some time, are used in this way among their own people. They are 
able to enter into the life of the people and often reach the hearts of the people 
when an outsider could not. One such teacher near Dahanu is seriously consider- 
ing baptism, and we hope ere long that he, with his family and others, will accept 
Christ. A number of Hindu teachers had been employed in the Jalalpor District, but 
now most of these have become Christians and it is hoped that they may be able 
to lead others of their village to Christ. 

In the other stations all the teachers are Christian. These Christian teachers 
conduct Sunday-schools for their pupils and for other villagers who can be induced 
to come. There is also daily instruction in the Word of God, and the children are 
taught to pray and to sing Christian hymns. 

Anklesvar reports a number of high-caste children in attendance. Vada reports 
some from the outcaste untouchables. Fisher people, Bhils, Varlis, Kurnbis, Kolis, and 
other castes mingle in our village schools. In the Anklesvar District the Chris- 
tians are very poor and ignorant. Many are servants of and in debt to Mohammedans, 
who discourage and even hinder them from sending their children. Some of the 
more intelligent Christians send their children to the boarding schools at Anklesvar 
and Vali, in order to escape the oppression of these masters. The Christians in the 
Vyara District respond more readily but not all are in school. 

In the Dangs the number of girls in the village schools has more than tripled 
in number. It is most desirable that village girls as well as the boys be educated. 

There are great opportunities to serve the people through our village schools. 
They are opening wedges into the life of the people, and the wise teacher finds 
abundant opportunities to show forth the Christ to a people who need to know him. 
There are many difficulties and discouragements, but the outlook is good, and mission- 
aries agree that we must press forward in this important work, so that we may con- 
tribute more largely to the education and evangelization of the people in the villages 
of India. 


Annual Report 


Higher Education in the India Mission 



E are glad to introduce to you some of our splendid 
young men and women who, at the support of the 
church, are fitting themselves for efficient service 
by taking courses in higher education. The two photographs 
presented are those of the boys in the Bai Avabai High 
School at Bulsar and those of the girls in the Normal School 
at Godhra. The latter picture lacks three of the number in 
the class during 1922. 

The complete list of students in higher education in 
various schools during the year 1922 shows twenty-four girls, 
including three nurses, one high-school student in kinder- 
garten training, and the remainder normal school students; 
eleven boys in normal training schools, six boys in high 
school, and one young man in an agricultural school. 

" Service " is the slogan accepted by these who are 
ir work in these various schools. From past experience we believe that the 

Girls in Normal Training 

Exactly set for a picture but they smile when no photographer is around 

majority will be true to the purpose for which they are in preparation. To those 
who have watched the development of these young people from childhood to young 
manhood and womanhood there comes the assurance that those who have been with 
us from " the beginning " are best fitted to do the work the mission has in store 
for them. These young men and women are the type produced from our boarding 
schools and from the Christian homes represented in our various communities. In 
these young people lies the strength of the future activities of the Christian church. 
Will you therefore pray for them and their directors and instructors that this hope 
may not be fruitless? 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bulsar High School Boys 

The picture-taking man works havoc on their smiles same as girls on preceding page 

Temperance Progress in India 



ACH year finds India more in earnest for prohibition. 

More and more she shows her admiration of the 

United States for having made such a success of it. 

You ask Juniors what country has adopted prohibition and 

you need not wait long for the answer. It is predicted that 

India will be number three if not number two to adopt it. 

The home rulers used to cry " One day," with the hope 

that they would be independent. This not yet being in 

sight, I hear them use the term at a temperance conference 

in the hope of prohibition for their country. Mr. Gandhi's 

agitation has done considerable in stirring to action workers 

for prohibition. 

Our mission continues to keep herself on record as a 
force to the cause. In India no people are more alive to 
it than are missionaries and Christians the land over. The 
W. C. T. U., too, is pushing the work with no little vim. 
On Nov. 20-22 was held the first "all-Gujarat " conference in the interests of 
temperance. It was at Nadiad, where the Methodist people have splendid accom- 
modations for crowds of people. Their kind hospitality and helpfulness in every way 
was highly appreciated. One of their missionaries volunteered to give his services 
one day and night of each week to the temperance cause, challenging the help of any 
one present. With his Ford, magic lantern and other splendid equipment, much 
will likely be accomplished by him and all who respond to his offer. 

I believe the day is not far distant when India will have prohibition. Government 
allowed a year ago that it might come within ten years at the soonest, or twenty years 
at the longest. This is the more surprising when we consider that Great Britain has 
not yet adopted prohibition. 

Miss Campbell, the organizer for the W. C. T. U., has for the past year been 
absent from here, and while in the United States she succeeded in getting support for 

Sadie J. Miller 

J™! Annual Report 191 

five Indian organizers, who will now help in this work. Wait and see what comes 
of this added effort. There are a number of temperance organizations at work through- 
out India, which are sure to make havoc of the liquor traffic. 

At the Gujarat Temperance Conference Bro. I. S. Long was asked to tell about 
the success of prohibition in the United States. All were convinced that the false 
reports given in papers are from those who oppose giving up drink. They would 
have us believe that there is much distress in America because of prohibition. 

Dr. Clifford Gordon, of Australia, who is working so harcl to make his country 
dry, says this of American prohibition: "The greatest miracle of government in all 
history is the adoption of the 18th amendment and the success with which it is being 
operated. I have for the first time in my life seen empty jails. The children on your 
streets have a healthier, happier look, and everywhere I go I see indications that the 
banishment of the saloon has worked much good." 

Recently some organizations were effected in the M. E. Mission, mostly for 
Juniors. The headmaster of one of the schools decided that he would spend at least 
one day of the week for temperance work. He is not a Christian, yet is greatly in- 
terested in this cause of helping his fellow-men to get freed from the slavery of liquor. 
We have succeeded in securing a number of organizations during this year and 
trust that the good work may continue. 

Bombay division included two language areas until this year, when it was di- 
vided. We had won the temperance flag for having done the most work, under 
the W. C. T. U. in the Bombay division, but this will necessitate some hard work if 
we mean to keep the flag. The national temperance conference of the W. C. T. U. 
was held in Madras the last week in January. This flag will be ours until the next 
conference, when it will be found who has accomplished most. 

Literature is broadcast, and every month much is translated into the vernaculars. 
I know a man who read a good book on temperance and it induced him to put away 
drink. He is a leader of his own village and six others, so he went to work and se- 
cured over one hundred signers of the pledge, who are now, all of them, total abstainers. 
We are working on a book of Gujarat temperance songs, with the hope that it will 
be in print before many months. The national president of the W. C. T. U. has re- 
quested that we try to get it in several languages, so that it will be used everywhere 
as well as in our own language area. 

Bro. Hoffert and his assistant are working in the interests of the Blue Ribbon 
Association and are accomplishing much good. The wave of protest against the 
liquor shops continues and doubtless will aid in putting down of the traffic. Not only 
missionaries and Christians are fighting it. but many Hindus and Mohammedans also 
are giving themselves to the cause. Bro. Hoffert has written some strong articles 
for the Times of India in favor of prohibition, as well as handing out some valuable 
information about the falsehoods which are printed about American prohibition. 

Thus, though there is so very much yet to do, the cause of temperance is joyously 
progressing in India, and we may hope for marvelous victories within the near future. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Agricultural Report 


THE agricultural work on the India field has not been 
developed as a separate department of the mission pro- 
gram. It is merely a bud, which, like on the living tree, 
is gradually developing and growing, and will in time, we hope, 
produce fruit in a large way. This phase of work in the mission 
is not the root, nor even the trunk, but merely an undeveloped 
branch. This branch is pushing forth, and in spite of lack of at- 
tention given to it is making a place for itself. Since, however, 
this is merely a developing branch and not the main part of the 
tree we have been bound to follow this slogan: " Put first things 
first," which means that due to pressure of other duties, brought 
about by the shortage of workers, through the sickness of mis- 
sionaries, the agricultural work has been left to nurture itself 
along without close supervision. In reading this report the reader should keep this fact 
in mind. 

Ordinarily we judge agricultural work by the materials produced, i. e., by the 
amount of crops, animals and other salable products grown. If the value of these ex- 
ceeds the cost of producing we consider the project a success, according to the amount 
of the profit. This year we can show the amount of products grown in the fields, but 
the expenditure in labor and' effort has not been recorded. It is the consensus of 
opinion that if such had been recorded there would be no profit to show from the 
financial valuation of crops grown. 

However that may be, the agricultural work on the India field has more of a mean- 
ing than just growing of crops and farm products. Included in this part of the program 
are the all-important products of the surrounding villages; viz., the boys and girls. 

The agricultural work is largely in connection with the boarding schools. It is a part 
of the educational program; a character-building process, if you please. Who can 

Arthur S. B. Miller 

Industrial Shop at Bulsar. The Teacher Stands in the Background 


Annual Report 


Harvesting the Sugar Cane 

estimate the results when boys and girls daily till the soil and work among the grow- 
ing plants of field and garden? We cannot estimate fully the influence upon their 
character and lives, but experience tells us that it not only has an educational influence, 
but their bodies and hearts are strengthened. The following table shows only the prod- 
ucts of field and garden in this process. We have no instrument by which we may 
measure the bright faces, healthy bodies, and a knowledge that these youths of India 
are receiving a training which fits them better for the places they are to fill when they 
return to their village homes. This is a satisfactory incentive to hope that the work 
may thus continue. 

i\ame ot 

.Name of 

Area of 


Anklesvar I Sorghum 
|Garden crops | 



jGarden crops| 

| 50 bu. 

ioo tbs. 

[ 1,000 l bs. 

"12,000 lbs. 

|Garden crops| 2 A. 



2 A. 

50 bu. 



4 A. 

150 tbs. 


sy 2 a. 



y 2 a. 

15 bu. 

Sorghum » 

3/ 2 A. 

8 l / 2 bu. 


2 A. 

14 bu. 


y 2 a. 

13 bu. 

Garden crops 

2 A. 

8 T. 


50 trees 

1,400 lbs. 



4 A. | 

84 bu. | 

Garden crops 

3 A. 

Castor oil 

Vz A. | 




$ 66.50 






This land had been under Mission 
control only one year and was 
much in need of improvement 

| (Girls' Boarding School) 

|(Boys' Boarding School) 

(Boys' Boarding School) 

Planted with a part of cotton 
n a part of cotton 

| (Boys' Boarding School) 

J Amount and value not reported 

1 100.00 [(Boys' Boarding School) 

The success at the various stations cannot be judged by the value of the crops, for 
some crops, such as garden crops, rice, etc., take a great deal of manual labor, which 
increases the cost of production considerably. The market value of the crops at the 
various stations varies. 

In a country where 80 per cent of the people gain their livelihood from the soil, it 
is highly essential that some attention be paid to its basic industry. There is no better 


The Missionary Visitor 


way to do this than by educating the boys and girls. General Bramwell Booth, of the 
Salvation Army, who has been in India recently, said: "I do not believe in an educa- 
tion which takes people away from the village and trains them to be clerks." To the 
Indian mind, country life means toil and hardship; education a life of ease and luxury. 
To overcome this idea it is necessary to instill into the minds and hearts of our pupils 
that there is dignity in hand labor, and to do so it will be necessary also to show them 
that there is a possibility of profit, and that there is joy in agricultural work. Our 
boarding schools have taken an advanced step in this direction by introducing agricul- 
tural and correlated industries in the curriculum. The training institution which is being 
planned has this point in view. Every pupil or student who leaves our institutions 
should know how to work in the soil, should know the fundamentals of such work, and 
should enjoy it as well. Whether he is to be a preacher, a teacher, or in independent 
work he should have this training. 

In this branch of work it is not anticipated that we will essay extensive and ex- 
pensive experiments, but we will attempt more and more to introduce modern methods 
of culture, crop rotation, seed collecting, seed storage, etc., so far as practicable from 
the cultivator's standpoint. Already we are being convinced of the value of green and 
animal manures, although government experimenters have seemed to be denying their 
value in increased production. Experience and common sense ought to tell us that they 
have value, but how much can only be determined by further experiments along this 
line. In time we hope to work out some practical methods which will be useful to the 
many poor people of the villages, and thus will be helping our village Christians and also 
the non-Christians. 

If a boy can be trained to be a good Christian and at the same time a good 
farmer, he will have an evangelistic influence, even greater than a similarly trained in- 
dividual would have in America. If a teacher can be trained so that he can teach the 
boys and girls of the cultivators, among whom he works, the principles and fundamentals 
of agriculture by example, showing the dignity of labor, and give them a vision of the 
opportunities for the agriculturist, he will have done a great work. If the preachers 
who are trained can know about the farmer's work and at the same time preach well, 
perhaps the village Christian will not think him a humbug. 

Finally, then, the agricultural work is for the definite purpose of building Chris- 
tian character, and, though not directly, it most certainly must be for the purpose of 
reaching the hearts and lives of the masses. 

Jennie Mohler 

those who have been 1 

Medical Report 


BY giving a medical report, or in referring to it, we do 
not give only what is done by a doctor, or what is done in 
a hospital or dispensary. There is more or less help given 
for the healing of the body at each one of our stations. People 
will come, even though one does not have a stock of remedies, 
nor know much about administering them, even if there were a 
large stock within reach. Since it is about the easiest and quick- 
est way of winning the confidence of the people, one feels like 
giving what one can. And then when one sees suffering and dis- 
tress it touches the heart so that one is constrained to try to do 

Palghar is the only one of our stations that has not had 

some medical work done by the missionaries there. This is a 

new station, the missionaries having been there for less than two 

years, and the people have not yet learned to come to them. All 

iving on the mission compound have had good health. 


Annual Report 


One Corner of the Dispensing Room at Bulsar, Showing the Compounder and His 

Helper. These Were the First Two Helpers Taken on Work to Help in the 

Dispensary, Soon After the Medical Work at Bulsar Was Begun 

In our boarding schools we find less serious illness, as a rule, than elsewhere. One 
reason is that the missionary has a general oversight of the premises, food, clothing, and 
general conditions. Another reason is that any ailment usually receives more prompt 
attention, and being children and young people, they respond more quickly to treatment. 

The health of the people throughout the mission was fairly good the past year. 
There were no severe epidemics, though there was a light form of " flu," which reached 
about all of our territory, attacking some of the missionaries and the other people. 

Vali seems to have suffered quite heavily since the close of the rains, very few, if 
any, of the families having escaped, and there were six deaths since July. There were 
no deaths in the boarding, but sometimes there were as many as thirty-five boys down 
with fever and other aches at one time. This of course means much work for some one. 
Miss Himmelsbaugh has supplied the medical care and medicines from Umalla, three and 
one-half miles away, making many trips out to see them and care for them with the 
help of the housemaster. She has also made trips out into the villages about Umalla, and 
has given medical help. 

The Front of the Dispensary at Bulsar. Some of the Conveyances in Which 
Patients Are Brought 

196 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

In the Girls' Boardings at Anklesvar, Jalalpor, Vyara, and Dahanu, as at most places, 
much of the sickness consists of malaria and skin diseases, which are present the greater 
part of the year. There has been a deficiency in the diet of a number of cases, and ad- 
justing the diet and providing the proper food has required considerable time and 
thought. Some who were undernourished were required to take cod liver oil. At first 
they disliked it very much, showing their dislike in various ways, some by eating some- 
thing afterward, some by washing and scrubbing their mouths, some even using soap to 
scrub their mouths. But after taking it a while they learned to like it and came and 
asked for it. 

Two of the boys in the Boys' Boarding School at Vyara were bitten by a mad 
jackal, which had wandered into the compound and stayed until shot by one of the 
Christian men. They were sent away to take the treatment for rabies, and received the 
first dose within forty-eight hours after they had been bitten. So far neither one has 
shown any signs of the disease. 

The medical work at Anklesvar is limited almost entirely to the families of the 
Christian people, though others do come and ask for medicine. At Vyara all who come 
receive what help can be given. More than three thousand people came to the bungalow 
at Jalalpor within the year, most of them for ointments, but in the Christian community 
remedies are given for fever, bowel troubles, colds, and intestinal worms. At Dahanu 
many apply for the common remedies. At each one of these stations and also at Vada 
some confinement cases have been taken care of by the missionary ladies. 

There are still some who think the Dangs does not need a missionary doctor or nurse. 
Bro. Adam Ebey writes: "When we came here we thought we could keep out of 
strenuous medical work. With a government dispensary and hospital here, manned by 
two sub-assistant surgeons, we thought we need not get very heavy into medical work. 
We sent our people to the government dispensary, but they did not like the treatment. 
So the work has grown until we are tied up again. Police, clerks, officers, come past the 
government dispensary to the mission. Even the government compounder came to get 
medicine for his own child. The dispensary peons come. At first we refused to give to 
them, but for the sake of our work we dared not do that. So we are in it. We have no 
time to do it well; cannot keep up. Things look dirty and dingy, but people want 
good (?) medicine. One Sunday in December, after being up several hours the night 
before and preaching in the morning, we had to give medicine to over eighty persons. 
Tt was hard to do it graciously — ' heartily, as to the Lord.' The Lord has blessed us in 
the work, but we do wish we had a proper doctor." 

Miss Blickenstaff had charge of the work at Dahanu until she went to Mahablesh- 
war in March, when Miss Royer assumed charge until Mrs. Alley was able to take it in 
July, Miss Blickenstaff having been transferred to Vada. 

The work at Bulsar also has seen several changes during the year. Dr. Nickey had 
charge the first two months, until she left for her_furlough. After that time until the first 
of October, when Drs. Cottrell took charge after their return from furlough, it was in the 
care of Nurse Mohler, who carried on the work to a limited extent by the help of R. B. 
Jerome, our Indian assistant. He also was away part of the time to take the government 
medical examination, in which he passed. He now has the degree L. C. P. S. (Licentiate 
Physician and Surgeon). 

The dispensary and hospital were closed entirely for two weeks in March; then 
for three months following was open for only an hour a day. This cut down the number 
of attendances for the year to a much smaller figure. We could not carry on the work 
to the normal extent, but we were able to do some good to a number of people, especi- 
ally the Bulsar Christian community and the boys in the boarding school. All of the 
confinement cases were taken care of and also some from other stations. 

In the early part of September the young man that had been sent to the mission 
hospital, Miraj, for a course in compounding and dressings, came to us, having completed 
his course. He was added to our staff and we appreciate his help very much, because we 
had not had a trained compounder until he came. 

-^ Annual Report 197 

A man and his wife also were added to our number the first of December, to do evan- 
gelistic work among the patients. They come during dispensary hours and talk quietly to 
the people, the man with the men and his wife with the women. At other times they 
do what they can among the in-patients and others. The people gladly converse on 
religious topics. 

Since the Drs. Cottrell have taken the medical work again it has increased very much, 
being heavier than ever. The number of patients for the three months following their 
arrival was almost two-thirds of the total for the year. The month of November was 
the heaviest we ever had, with an average daily attendance of 109, the highest number of 
calls at the dispensary in any one day being 160. 

Since the number of patients has increased so, the demand for rooms in the hos- 
pital has far surpassed the number available. Many have had to be refused because 
there was not room. All classes have been in-patients, and all have used water from our 
well, though some are very careful to strain it before using it. All surgical cases must be 
refused or sent elsewhere because we do not have the necessary equipment for doing 
surgical work. 

We are indeed thankful for the return of our doctors to care for our people. A 
number of the missionariess have not been well during the year and have needed medical 
care. Some have gone to other doctors and other hospitals. Bro. D. J. Lichty was the 
most seriously ill. He was in St. George's Hospital, in Bombay, in a critical condition 
for a number of weeks. But by the healing of the Great Physician he is again well and 
strong and working hard every day. 

We were made sad to lose from our midst, and from the work on the India field, 
the Holsopple family because of continued sickness. The work is so great and the tried, 
experienced workers so few and so much needed. But we know they can do a great 
work in America also. 

We have rejoiced with the parents over the coming into our midst of Erma Alley, 
Donald Holsopple, Darlene Butterbaugh, and Lorita Shull. The first named made her 
advent in the Cama Hospital, Bombay. The other three in the medical bungalow, Bul- 
sar. We all thank the Father for these dear little ones who come, and pray they shall 
all be good soldiers in his great army. 

Baby Fold 


ES, the baby fold has had another good year. We began 
the year in good health, and for a while it seemed as though 
nothing of interest would happen; but where we have 
babies things do happen. Some interesting little folks began to 
come and made it lively enough with itch, sore eyes, and boils. 
The caretakers, as well as myself, lived on the hop, skip, and 
jump those months. Usually, though, the little things respond to 
treatment very readily, so we soon had them all fixed up, and you 
would not know them for the sickly-looking little things that 
came such a short time ago. 

One dear little thing was brought to us — Naomi we called her 
— and she was literally covered with sores — not a place on her 
Ida Himmelsbaugh entire body that was not covered with them: We scarcely knew 

how to take hold of her, but we bathed her and dressed her sores and it was amazing to 
see how quickly they healed up, and she was so sweet! In two or three weeks you 
would not have known her for the same child. She stayed long enough to make a place 
in our hearts for herself; her little face was so sweet and bright and we thought, " Here 
is a baby to take home to America and educate," but the Great Ruler saw it otherwise, 
and the sweet little bud was transplanted to our Father's garden, there to bask in his 
sunshine and to blossom for him who said, " Suffer little children to come unto me." 


198 The Missionary Visitor J» 2 n 3 e 

Do we weep for these little ones? Yea, verily, we love them. They are our sheaves to 
lay at the Master's feet. We would rather have kept them before him in prayer to guide 
their little feet into paths pure and true and leading up to the great white throne, so that 
they might have taught others, but that was not his plan. He held out his hands, and 
quickly she nestled in his arms and was gone from us. 

Others came with swelled feet and hands, and this kind gives us no little concern, but 
we lost only two in the year. All this keeps us ever on the watch. There is no letting 
up on the job. Often we are at a loss to know what to do, but a few minutes alone with 
our Father usually solves our problems. How glad we are that, though seemingly alone, 
we are never alone! We have a Helper. If we did not have we could not live, and we 
would not want to live under all the burdens that come. How he helps, how he comforts, 
how-he holds us under all sorts of trials! Truly, when we walk through deep waters he 
is our Stay and Help. 

Nov. 3. was a red-letter day in the Baby Home! We had an introduction to a new 
experience. We had twins!! — two boys less than twenty-four hours old. The mother's 
life went out when they came. What to do? I was ill at the time. We had as many 
children as the women could care for, and I could not take them into the house, as I 
usually do till arrangements can be made. I called my two most faithful helpers and told 
them. To my surprise they said, " Do not concern yourself; we will each of us take one." 
Moreover, one of them had a baby of her own a little more than a year old, and she 
said, " I will give Joseph second place and will nurse this one." Oh, how glad I was! 
I wondered how such would work out in America. If you saw the little boys now — 
Paul and Peter — you would scarcely think that they did not have a living mother. 
Yes, we do have some people here that are worth while, even though illiterate. But 
the dispensary, too, had grown, as well as the Baby Home, so on the first of December I 
turned the Baby Home over to Sister Widdowson, and she makes a fine little mother. 
She is as busy as can be from morning till night every day of the week. 

Babies, how I love them! I would not ask for a greater work than with babies, and 
that is what I hope to make my life work. Jesus loved little children, and it seems to 
me I cannot serve him better than by serving the little ones. He is so precious, he is so 
tender, and when everything goes wrong, when everything seems so dark, he puts his 
loving arms around us and gives us sweet songs in the night! 

Widows' Home, Bulsar 



ERE you to come to Bulsar and ask to see the Widows' 
Home you might think I had misunderstood you when I 
take you to the place. We have no separate building for 
them, neither do they eat and sleep together as folks do in a simi- 
lar institution in America. The Widows' Home is located in a 
line, that is, a line of rooms, " one deep," one after the other. On 
one side a partition divides their veranda from the part where 
some families live. At present there are five in the Home, 
though only two are widows. One is a blind maiden lady, an- 
other a "grass" widow; and another is a married woman, who is 

living here while her husband is away in school, taking his second 
Elizabeth Kintner S . . " J , ' S „. .> 

year of normal training. As this woman s people are non-Chris- 
tian it was thought best that she stay here in the Widows' Home 
for protection. She seems very happy here. Recently she went with her father to visit 
her own people for the first time in eleven months, though they have been here many 
times during that period. She stayed but two days. 

Each woman has a room for herself and family, or for herself if she be alone. At 
present there are only four children. Two belong to the woman whose husband is 
away, and two to the widow whose husband died when the baby was but a few days old. 

>™ Annual Report 199 

Another widow, whose husband died about the same time (July, 1921), went to live with 
her sister last August. 

The system of caring for the women is different, too, from that at home. I deserve 
no credit for the system, for it was in use when I came, but I am receiving a great deal 
of satisfaction from it. 

Each woman does her own buying of food and clothing, and does her own cook- 
ing — no common eating place. Each one who is able to work and earn part of her liv- 
ing is given three rupees per month for herself and four for each child, and then she is 
given work to do to earn the rest of her living. If she is able to earn ten or more 
rupees a month, one rupee is cut from her three for each rupee she can earn more than 
the ten. If they are unable to earn their living — as is the case with three of our number, 
one being blind, another unable to do anything but very light work, and the third 
having very poor hearing and somewhat poor eyesight — then they are given nine or ten 
rupees. Three rupees are worth a dollar. 

During monsoon, and up to the end of the year, I gave each of them an extra rupee 
per month, as grain and all provisions were very high-priced. They had complained a 
great deal before that time of the " high cost of living," so I told them I would give 
them each an extra rupee a month for four months, but extended it to six. No com- 
plaints have been heard since the first of June, and when we changed back to the old 
rate at the beginning of the year they were very grateful for the help they had received. 

In April one of our number was married. She had been a teacher and was able to 
support herself almost entirely. 

The blind woman is like a " light " among the rest. She was educated in a school for 
the blind in Bombay. She finds her way about in her own room, on the veranda, to the 
well, to my rooms, which are near, and does her own cooking and washing. Her room 
and clothing are kept as clean as those who can see. If she is sick or gone for a few 
days the others seem " lost " till she returns. She cares for the children when the rest of 
the women go to the bazaar, and they in turn do her purchasing for her. She is a 
motherly woman and has the love and confidence of the children. Her sense of hearing 
is very highly developed, and she enjoys the pranks of the children more than some who 
can see. 

We all meet four evenings each week for Scripture reading and prayer. Only one 
of the number besides myself is able to read, so most of the reading falls to my lot. 
Prembai, the blind woman, has a part of the New Testament in the blind characters, but 
it is not the part which we are reading at present. All take turns leading in prayer. 

Besides the ones we support in the home we also support a woman at Dahanu, whose 
husband left her with five children to support, and also an elderly widow at Vada. They 
are doubtless more content in their own neighborhoods, and it would be difficult for us 
to find work for all who might come here. Pray for us, that we may not only supply 
them with the physical needs, but with the spiritual, and that through this work God's 
name may be glorified. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Language Study 


HE first big task that confronts every missionary as he 
comes to the field is the study of the language. He is not 
in India many days before he begins the process, and he 
spends most of his time at it for the first two years. 

We have work in two language areas. In each of these there 
is a language board made up of representatives from each of the 
missions in the territory. This language board provides a two 
years' course of study, appoints examiners for each year's work, 
and has charge of the language examinations for all the missions 
represented on the board. 

The examination for each year's course requires three days. 
Written examinations are given on two subjects each day for 
two days. These subjects are English into the vernacular, the 
vernacular into English, Bible and tracts, and grammar. The 
third day is given over- to oral examination, consisting of reading, 
dictation, memory work, and conversation. This examination is 
conducted by an educated Indian in the presence of the examiners. 

The Marathi missions have a language school at Poona. During the hot season this 
school is transferred to the hill station, Mahableshwar. Candidates may take the exami- 
nations in October or February at Poona, or in May at Mahableshwar. There has been 
no united action for a language school in Gujarat. Each candidate takes his written 
examinations at his own station, under the direction of a senior missionary, and then goes 
to some mission station, determined by the examiners, for his oral examination. He 
may take the examinations in March or November. 

For the most part the missionaries pursue their study individually, with the help 
of an Indian teacher, not under his direction, for the missionary has to direct the work 
himself. When there are several people at the same station, beginning language at the 
same time, a class is formed. The direct method of study is used as far as is possible 
with the teachers available. During the first months the student has at least two hours 
each day, and more if possible, with a teacher. Later, when he can study alone, less 
time is needed with the teacher. 

Language study is a tedious and sometimes rather trying process, but it is interesting, 
nevertheless, to some, at any rate. While the missionary is growing into the "language 
— and that is really what he has to do — he grows into the history and traditions of the 
country and the life and customs of the people. It is surely a very fine discipline and 
one that pays well in the end. We often hear it said that if the new missionary can learn 
to eat the hot Indian foods he can get the language. It is also said that if he doesn't 
break the back of the language the first year it will break him. It is when one first 
gets to the field and feels his helplessness on every hand, because he can neither under- 
stand nor talk, that the challenge to get the language is the strongest. And it is while he 
still has an abundant supply of energy and enthusiasm that he is best able to meet the 
challenge. The language plays such a big part in the success of the missionary that he 
can never hope to mean the most possible to the people he has come to serve unless he 
gets their language well. It is a part of the task of the foreign missionary, and he owes 
his first and best efforts to getting the language to the best of his ability. 

Miss Elsie Shickel passed first language examination in Gujarati during the year. 
Those who passed second language examination during the year were Miss Anetta C. 
Mow, Miss Sara Replogle, Bro. B. F. Summer, Bro. A. S. B. Miller, Bro. J. Elmer 
Wagoner. Those who passed first language examination in Marathi during the year 
were Mrs. Nora Hollenberg and Bro. A. G. Butterbaugh. Those who passed second 
language examination in Marathi during the year were Miss Anna M. Brumbaugh, Bro. 
Fred M. Hollenberg, Bro. Chalmer G. Shull. 


Annual Report 


Indian Mission Statistical Report for 1922 

I Stations. Their Equipment and Force of Workers 

1. Name of District 

Gujarati— First. Dist. 

Marathi— Second Dist. 

2. Name of Station 

3. Date of opening, . 

4. Staff, Amer. men, 

5. Staff, American 

6. Staff, Indian men, 

7. Staff, Indian 

8. Churchhouses 

9. Schoolhouses 

10. Bungalows, 

11. Land, area acres, 

12. Land under 

13. Value of land ($), 

14. Value of Equip., 
build., etc., ($), .. 

15. Evangelists, men, 

16. Evangelists, Bible 

17. Villages occupied, 

18. Villages to be 

19. Population to be 

20. Families in homes 
owned by mission, 

21. Christian families 
in their own houses 

| 1899 
















|12,880| 11,000| 1,200| 2,950| 1,000| 19,030) 

|20,000| 53,000| 18,0001 26,650| 30,000 1 147,650 












660| 417 
252,0001 168,000(127,193 














1902 1905 
2 2 












3,000| 1,333 



• 5 











12/ 8 











my 2 






















II. Indian Church Statistics for 1922 

1. Name of District 

Gujarati— First Dist. 

Second Dist. 

2. Name of Station 

3. Organized churches, 

4. No. baptized, 

5. Received by letter, 

6. Dismissed by letter 

7. Died 

8. Disowned, 

9. Reinstated, 

10. Ministers — Indian, 

11. Ministers — American, 

12. Deacons, 

13. Members at end of year, 

14. Contributions (not stated elsewhere) ($) 








































































The Missionary Visitor 


III. Indian Sunday School Statistics for 1922 

1. Name of District 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi — Second Dist. 

2. Name of Station 
















































3. Total No. Sunday-schools 

4. No. of Teachers, 

5. Amount total offering ($), 

6. Enrollment, 

7. Average attendance, 

8. Pupils baptized during yr. 

9. Christians in villages, ... 

10. Christians attending S. S., 

11. Teachers' meetings, 

12. Passed S. S. examination, 
































421 283 
































*Under D. M. Board. 

IV. Educational Statistics for 1922 
A. Village Schools 

1. District, 

Gujarati— First Dist. 

Marathi — 
Second Dist. 

2. Station, 

3. Village day schools, 

4. Village night schools, 

5. Village school teachers, 

6. Enrollment, 

7. Average attendance, 

8. No. of boys 

9. No. of girls, 

10. Christian pupils, , 

11. Non-Christian pupils, 

12. Lower primary, below 3rd S., 

13. Lower primary, 3rd and 4th S 

14. Upper primary, 5th arid 6th S. 

15. Passed examination, 

16. Government grants, 






































































1 26 











f 21 
18| 155 










































Annual Report 


B. Boarding School Statistics for 1922 

1. District, 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Second Dist. 

2. Name oi school, 


























No. of teachers 

Day pupils, boys 

Day pupils, girls, 

Total day pupils, 

Boarding pupils, boys 

Boarding pupils, girls, 

Total boarding pupils 

Total enrollment, 

Passed examination, 

Lower primary below 3rd standard 

Lower prim. 3rd & 4th, 

Upper prim. 5th & 6th, 

Pupils baptized, 

Christian pupils 

Total av. annual cost per pupil ($) 
Government grants ($) 

*D. M. B. 




33 1 33 

44 [ 44 

6| 51 



SI 8 














C. Scholarship and Training Department — 1922 

1. District, 

2. Bulsar Bible Normal School— teachers, 

3. Bulsar Bible Normal School— students— men, .. 

4. Bulsar Bible Normal School — students — women 

5. 7th standard vernacular, 

6. Teacher training college students, 

7. Learning English, 

8. Medical and industrial, 

9. Total tr. students— men, 

10. Total tr. students— women, 

11. Grand total tr. students 









nj *i 














































D. Summary of Educational Statistics 

1. Total No. mission schools 

2. Total teaching force— men 

3. Total teaching force — women, ... 

4. Grand total teaching force, 

5. Total under instruction — males, 

6. Total under instruction — females 

7. Grand total under instruction, .. 









































*Night schools, 44. 
**Night schools, 27. 
tNight schools, 22. 
JNight schools. 21. 



The Missionary Visitor 


L. District, 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi — 
Second Dist. 

2. Stations, 











Groups tenting or touring, ... 
No. weeks tenting or touring, , 
Missionaries tenting or touring, 
Indians tenting or touring ..... 
Villages where repeated meetings | 

were held, 

Bibles sold, , 

New Testaments sold 

Gospels sold, 

Tracts sold, 

Tracts distributed free, 

Periodicals used (vernacular), 

S. S. Quarterlies used, 

Dist. Meeting offerings ($), .. 






























4 7 







18 s' 








65 1 

















60 1 







,000 1,600 



18 18 



201 40 




































*General offerings included, Gujarati D. M. $68, Marathi D. M. $70. 
tTotal printed, Gujarati, 2,000 quarterly. 
ITotal printed, Prakash Patra, 550 monthly. 
**Total printed, Onyanodaya, 900 weekly. 


1. District, 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi — 
Second Dist. 

2. Stations, 































2 < 











3. No. temperance societies 

4. No. members, 

5. No. of work groups, 

6. No. workers, 

7. Villages visited, 

8. Meetings held, 

9. No. who heard, 

10. Temperance papers used, 

11. Tracts sold, 

12. Tracts distributed free, 

13. Total pledges secured, . 

14. Offerings, fees, etc. ($), 

241 12 


674 314 651 



[4,273 1 5 











2741 462 
11 28 
























1,350 8,550 








































































*No written pledge secured but mere show of hands. 
12,000 copies Gujarat Temperance News, printed quarterly. 


Annual Report 



1. Stations, 

Hospital or dispensary, . 

Doctors — American, 

Nurses— American, 

Doctors — Indian, 

Nurses — Indian, 

New cases, 

Repeated calls 

Total calls at dispensary, 

Daily average, 


Obstetrical cases 

Minor operations, 

Major operations, 

Receipts ($) 

Expenditures ($), 










































































*Two American doctors for 3 months and one 
tOne at Anklesvar. 
tTrained Indian assistants. 
<J, New cases included. 

for 2 months. 


1 19221192111920 


1. No. boys, 

2. No. girls 

3. Total 

4. Under school age, 


1. Baby Home, UmalTa" 


(1) Total children for year 

(2) Entered boarding school, — 

(3) Died 

(4) Left 

(5) No. in home at close of year, 














2. Widows' Home, Bulsar |1922|1921|1920|1919 

(1) No. women at close of year, I 41 5| 5| 8 

(2) No. children at close of year, ] 2 | 8 | 4 | 7 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ping Ting Chou, Men's Evangelistic 



F. H. Crumpacker 

HE year has been marked by the coming of two new 

workers to our department. One is Bro. O. C. Sollen- 

berger, who is to do country evangelist work, and Mr. 

Chao, who is doing work both in the central church and in the 


The work that the church did in famine relief was in itself 
worthy of the effort, and now a reflex on the part of these people, 
many of them, shows that they do appreciate the church in their 

In the second month, which was the first Chinese moon, we 
had our annual evangelistic campaign. This was the best yet. 
We began by having several bands of workers and schoolboys 
go to the near-by villages for preaching, singing and distribution 
of literature. Later we sent three bands to the Northeastern part 
of the county, and one to the Southeastern part, to the north of us. These bands had 
three and four men in them. They were on their itinerary for about a month. Their 
plan was to locate in a village, stay three or four days, and have two or three meetings 
daily in the place they were living, and also from here work the near-by smaller villages 
by making tours out from the central place. Practically every place visited received 
them gladly and made possible a lot of good seed sowing. 

Another band worked in the county to the south of Ping Ting, and here a little 
different method was used. We either located at an out-station or where there were one 
or more members. We also stayed about a week at each place. We did some preach- 
ing at the adjoining villages, but centered our principal efforts on the people of the place. 
This band held three meetings per day and tried to have about the same crowd present 
at all of the meetings. This plan, also, was successful. 

After these special efforts our colporteur work was done by five men in the first 
half of the year and six in the latter half. The six out-stations kept up their regular rou- 

Part of the Group of Men Baptized at Ping Ting Chou in 1922 


Annual Report 


tine, and in February we opened one new out-station at Yang Chuan, where we leave the 
train for Ping Ting and Liao Stations. 

Probably the most outstanding happening in our department came as a result of the 
Christian Conference for China held in Shanghai. The emphasis at this was put on the 
idea of the Chinese getting under the task of the church's work in China. One of our 
leaders was there and he became fired. At a meeting held at Show Yang for all of our 
three stations the spirit was good all through, so that when they came to this report and 
a discussion of the same it took hold of the Chinese representatives in a remarkable way. 
The Liao church had about eight representatives, the Ping Ting church about forty, and 
about twenty went from Show Yang. They took hold of this with an earnestness that 
we all enjoyed. They took the lead, and before the conference closed had a movement 
on foot to get an organization of the Church of the Brethren in China that will put a 
big percentage of the management of things upon the Chinese themselves. This move 
is in its beginning, but we all pray that it will be a permanent help to the independence 
of the church in China. 

Besides the representative at the Christian Conference in China we had a represent- 
ative at the Sunday-school Convention held under the auspices of Mr. Tukesberry, 
secretary for the China Sunday-school Union. One of our men attended a conference 
held at Yu Ta Ho, under the direction of Mr. Pye, of the American Board, of Fenchow- 
fu. Then we had a good representation at our own conference at Showyang, and at this 
we had invited a speaker from one of our neighboring missions that has made a success 
of self-management and self-support. He stirred our people most blessedly. Several 
of the high-school boys who helped in our summer schools attended the Y. M. C. A. 
conference at Tai Ku in August. 

We held three summer schools last summer, which was our first trial, and they were 
very successful. . They helped the teachers as well as the pupils. Our year's work con- 
summated in November and early December, when we held a class for Bible study that 
was attended by about forty men and ten women. This was our best class ever. At 
the close we held a baptismal service and seventy-four were received into the church. 
Of these, eight were girls, eight were women and thirteen were boys; the rest, forty-five 
in all, were men. The out-station and country work furnished the most of these men. 
Our love feast followed, where about 230 in all communed, and again the comment was 
that it was the best we ever held. Many mistakes were made, but we pray the Lord to 
forgive them and bless every honest effort, that his name may be glorified in our entire 

Woman's Work, Fing Ting Chou 

HIS year our work has been varied and interesting to 


an unusual degree — work, prayers, blessings, progress, 
souls for the kingdom of God. 
The winter was spent with six Bible women working 
in a number of villages, which are two or three miles from 
the city. yVe visited eleven hundred and fifty homes, tell- 
ing the Gospel Story to over thirteen thousand people. In 
many places it was the first time they had heard it. The 
work at each village was closed with a big meeting, where 
all interested came together for services. 

The spring was occupied in teaching in the kindergarten 
and Woman's Bible School. We were delighted to graduate 
our first of Bible women, the result of these years of teach- 

The later part of the summer and fall was spent in vil- 
lage work, filling the place of Miss Blough. The Bible 
woman and I visited a number of distant villages, and held three station classes of 
about two weeks each, teaching the women of the outlying districts to read the Bible 

Emma Horning 

208 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

and to know the Christian truths. The days were spent in teaching the women. In 
the evening big lantern meetings were held for everybody. 

The married ladies did a great deal of entertaining in their homes, inviting the 
Christian women, inquirers and other friends. They also held a number of social 
gatherings in the Christian homes, calling in the neighbors and having a pleasant 
time together. 

Between times we made a canvass of over half the city, visiting the homes and 
studying conditions. The first two weeks of September were spent in a health 
campaign. Outdoor meetings were held at the homes in various parts of the city. 
The hostess called all her friends and neighbors together in her courtyard, which 
usually is filled with potted trees and flowering plants. As they gathered we en- 
tertained them with our new - Victrola music. Then, under the influence of flowers 
and music, they were shown the health chart pictures, and told the causes of diseases 
and how to prevent their spread; also how to care for little children, etc. We closed 
with more music and an invitation to attend the Sunday services. Twenty such 
meetings were held during these two weeks. 

A Bible woman has been kept busy teaching in the Christians' and inquirers' 
homes. All those who are able attend the Woman's Bible School at least part of 
the day. Those who cannot attend are taught by this Bible woman in their homes, 
that they may continue to grow in their Christian life. 

On Sunday afternoons several groups of Christian women spread to various 
parts of the city and near villages, to tell the Gospel Story to those who do not attend 
services. In this way they reached two hundred and seventy compounds, teaching 
over twelve hundred people. 

In the fall we had a two weeks' study class for the Christians and inquirers from 
far and near. At the close seventy were baptized, but of all these only seven were 
women, with eight schoolgirls. This shows how much easier it is to work with men 
than women. Many of the men can read and have had a much broader experience. 
It also shows what an effort we must yet make to reach the wives, mothers and 
daughters of these baptized men that come from all corners of our territory. 

Drops of water wear away the hardest stone, so w r e trust these constant drops of 
Christian teaching and unceasing efforts will wear away these thousands of years of in- 
difference and sorrow and sadness among these Chinese women. 

Report of Women's Country Work at Ping Ting 


THE year 1922 opened with prospects for a most successful one in the women's 
country field. We had many calls for classes; our schedule was full up to June. 
Sister Blough and myself were in class work together until the last of 
March. At that time we came home for a little rest. The work had been most 
encouraging. The village elders had provided a place for us to live, and a separate 
room for class work; also fuel and light and sometimes transportation. Our class 
enrollment varied in number from fifteen to fifty. A number of women enrolled as 
inquirers. Two women were granted diplomas in the phonetic script. Our plans and 
hopes knew no bounds when we came home. 

Then I went to An Hwei to help in famine relief work for six weeks, and during 
that time Sister Blough left us for the spirit world. It seemed impossible, but there 
was nothing to do only to go ahead as best we could. 

Two Vacation Bible schools were held, with splendid success. One school was 
in session for four weeks; the other for eight. Both schools had two departments, 
one for women and one for girls. One of our elderly sisters taught the women to 
read the phonetic script, gave regular daily Bible classes, and helped in the Sunday 
service. Schoolgirls from the central girls' school at Ping Ting taught the girls. 
They had regular school work, beside a little athletics, industrial work and Bible 
lessons. The villages where these schools were held provided everything for the schools 

J^ e Annual Report 209 

except the teachers' support. Five women were enrolled as inquirers as a direct result 
of these schools. 

Our colporteurs, men evangelists and country Christians, have shown an increased 
interest in teaching the women. For this we are extremely glad. Sisters Horning and 
Schaeffer held a class in Yu Hsien in October. This is the first women's work done 
in this county for over two years. Sister Horning also held three other classes. 

Report of Boys' Schools, Ping Ting District 


"Foes in' plenty we shall meet, 
Hearts courageous scorn defeat, 
So we press with eager feet 

Up and on. 
Ever onward to the fight, 
Ever upward to the Light, 
Ever true to God and right 
Up and on. 

— John Oxenham. 

PLANTS are interesting. They are ever reaching up and 
out toward the light. Our schools are where human 
plants grow, seeking the Light of Truth. May we make 
conditions such that they will grow as God intends they should. 
Our schools grew in number of students and improved in 
quality during 1922. The total enrollment reached 143, with an 
average attendance of 125 throughout the year here at Ping Ting. 
With the 4 out-station schools the total enrollment was some 300. 
With the opening of spring and April showers, came the 
desire to work in the ground and to plant. All available ground 
at the Ping Ting Boys' School was divided into plots, and each 
boy then prepared, planted and tended his own garden. Some 
were tended well, others better, as was shown by the fruits. We 

Ernest D. Vaniman . . , . - . t . 

think it of vital importance that our pupils learn something of 
the industry which provides the world with the food by which it lives. 

In June our main school closed for the summer with graduating exercises, when 
ten boys completed the seventh year's work. At our Mission Teachers' Institute, held 
at Liao Chou in August, it was decided to adopt the 6-6-4 plan of curriculum in our 
schools. During 1923 we shall try to grow into this plan and thus graduate from the 
elementary with six years' work and then give certificates when the next three years, 
or junior high school, is completed. This means the addition of two years' work to the 
curriculum at each of our main station schools. The first senior high-school work will 
be offered at Liao Chou if satisfactory arrangements can be made. 

Coeducation was begun in the mission this year by the uniting of the first year's 
students in both the boys' and girls' schools. All the students are together for their 
classes, the boys and girls returning to their respective schools to eat and sleep. This 
plan is much more efficient than that formerly used. We need a trained kindergartner to 
help with these as well as with younger children. 

During October, Mr. Ch'en, the student secretary of the Y. M. C. A., visited our 
schools. He pronounced the Ping Ting Y. M. C. A. the best and most practical of 
all schools of similar grade that he had visited in Shansi. This organization is largely 
responsible for the improved deportment of the school. 

The health of the students has been very good. Some thirty of the boys were 
examined and only a few were below normal. 

In November the electric lights were turned on, to the great astonishment of all. 
Most of the students had never seen such lights. Needless to say they are appreciated. 
Thanks to Bro. Garst, whose gift to the hospital made this plant possible. 

Dec. 1 there were fourteen schoolboys among the eighty-four applicants received 
into the church by baptism. Then there was much joy at the Christmas time. Every 
department of the mission here had special songs at the special church service, praising 
him who is the Light of the world. Let us help each other up and on to the Perfect 

210 The Missionary Visitor J» 2 n 3 e 

Report of Ping Ting Medical Work 



E began the year by increasing our prices, making the 
dispensary gate fee two coppers instead of one, and in- 
creasing the price on food $1, $3, and $6 for the third, 
second and first-class foods respectively. In addition to this 
rise in price, we were much stricter in making collections. Dur- 
ing the year there were only a very limited number of charity 
patients, and only three or four left the hospital without paying 
the full amount of their bills. 

During the early part of the year a board of directors was 
selected, consisting of four Chinese and four foreigners. This 
board takes up and discusses all the bigger problems connected 
with the management of the hospital, and is of much assistance 
Fred J. Wampler, M. D. to the hospital superintendent. The regular meeting is scheduled 
for the first Monday of each month. Special meetings are sometimes called. This board 
understands that it is not to interfere in questions of a strictly professional nature. 

We also have a board of advisers, consisting of eight members. The members com- 
posing this board are the county magistrate, the brigade commander of the local 
brigade — the Shansi Tenth — one member representing the department of education, one 
the Chamber of Commerce, two the gentry, one representing the Pao Chin Kung Shih, 
and one the Chien Ch'ang Kung Shih, mining companies at Yang Ch'iian. We had a 
meeting of this advisory board Nov. 13, at which time it was planned to have a meeting 
twice a year. From these two boards we hope to receive much help. 

Dr. Han has continued to do good, conscientious surgical and medical work, and is 
quite an assistance in the management of the hospital. 

Dr. Y. T. Hsing, a graduate of the Shantung Christian University Medical School 
and the Peking Union Medical College, has been serving our hospital as interne this 
year and has done very satisfactory work. The coming year he will go to Show Yang, 
where he will have charge of a dispensary. 

Mr. Pien, our druggist and laboratory technician, spent six months of the year in 
Peking in the laboratories of the Peking Union Medical College. He comes back to us 
with many new ideas and is very enthusiastic about his work. He was granted a schol- 
arship by the China Medical Board for this six months' work. 

Miss Rider left for America the last part of April for her furlough. The direction of 
the nursing in the two departments of the hospital has fallen upon Miss Flory, which 
makes her work very heavy. Miss Flory had about five weeks away from the hospital 
for rest in the summer. She spent the greater part of the time at Pei Tai He. 

Our hospital staff has been much augmented by the coming of Dr. and Mrs. Coffman. 
While Dr. Coffman has spent most of his time in language study this year, he has been of 
considerable help at odd times. Mrs. Coffman is a graduate nurse and has had some 
exceptional opportunities in her line. It is the plan for her to have charge of the operat- 
ing room nursing when she has had a little more time at the language. 

Dr. Coffman spent six weeks in a special course of study on the X-Ray under Dr. 
Hodges at the Peking Union Medical College, in the summer. 

Dr. Wampler spent two weeks in a special course in the department of obstetrics 
and gynecology at the P. U. M. C. in September. The hospital is indebted to the 
China Medical Board for fellowships for these two courses. 

The electric light plant, the money for which was given to the hospital by Eld. J. H. 
Garst and wife, of Sebring, Fla., was installed during the year and is giving rather satis- 
factory service. This plant, of course, will make possible the installing of an X-Ray 
equipment as well as make night operating more satisfactory. 

The Honorable Yen Hsi Shan, governor of Shansi, and his staff, visited our hospital 

J™ 3 e Annual Report 211 

Aug. 7. He expressed himself as much pleased with the plan and condition of the 
hospital, and made a gift of $500, Mexican. This gift our board of directors later voted 
to use towards the X-Ray plant. The governor himself was gotten sufficiently inter- 
ested in X-Ray equipment while here to investigate the purchase of one for one of the 
hospitals in Taiyuanfu. 

Among the interesting cases in the hospital, typhus and relapsing fever were greatly 
decreased from last year. Unfortunately we had two of our missionary ladies in the hos- 
pital with typhus. Miss Blough, who had done heroic work in the famine relief work last 
year, contracted typhus while doing itinerating evangelistic work among the women. 
She came into the hospital, and in spite of all that could be done for her, she succumbed 
to the disease May 9. I was absent at Shanghai, being a delegate to the National Chris- 
tian Conference, which was in session at that time. Fortunately Dr. and Mrs. Horning, 
of Liao Chou, were here during the entire sickness, and, with Dr. Han's much experience 
with typhus, she had the best possible care. Miss SchaefTer, of the Show Yang station, 
took sick with the same disease a few days later than Miss Blough, and, while she was 
very sick, recovered nicely. 

This year there were fourteen Caesarian sections, as compared with fifteen last year. 
However, there were more normal deliveries this year and more other operative cases. 
Altogether, there was a total of thirty-three obstetrical cases. The operative cases came 
later this year, and our results in the Caesarian sections were not as gratifying as the year 

This year we had an abnormal number of fractures — dislocated spinal columns. Five 
cases of broken backs, in the lumbar region, and one broken neck were treated in the 
hospital. Three of these died, including the broken neck. One man recovered without 
any effects of paralysis; one man recovered, but was paralyzed in his legs, and the third 
recovered, with a limited use of his lower limbs, the rest of his body being normal. 

This year we succeeded in using a treatment for corneal ulcers that has given us 
much satisfaction. We found in the abstract department of the Journal of the American 
Medical Association an abstract of an article on the intermuscular injection of milk for 
corneal ulcers, especially those with pus in the anterior chamber. We have since used 
this treatment repeatedly on all the ulcer cases we get in the hospital, and results so far 
have been most gratifying. Every case we have treated has not only cleared up, but has 
cleared up with remarkable rapidity. Six to ten days will see smaller ulcers well, while 
larger ones will generally get well and epithelium grow over them in from fifteen to twenty 
days. The pus in the anterior chamber also disappears very rapidly. Our technique here 
is to heat in a water bath, allowing the milk to remain in the water bath ten minutes 
after the water boils. We then inject 10 c. c. of the milk into the gluteus muscle. This 
is repeated every other day. 

During the year we have spent considerable time on the study of osteomalacia. In 
addition to the cases seen in the hospital, in the regular obstetrical work, and six or 
seven cases which we had in for making a special study of the disease, we have treated 
fifteen cases in their homes, thus leaving the hygienic, sanitary and food factors all un- 
disturbed. The results of our study will be given in a paper to be read before the China 
Medical Missionary Conference at Shanghai, Feb. 14 to 21, 1923. 

This year I, as well as the entire hospital staff, have been paying much more attention 
to public health activities than formerly. Many diseases could be prevented so easily, and 
it is strange that hospitals in China have not done more in this line. We have assisted 
Dr. Appleton, of the Council on Health Education, Shanghai, in arranging for a cam- 
paign in Shansi, in which she laid special emphasis on child hygiene and welfare. She 
held campaigns at six places in our territory, and as a result public health associations 
were organized in four of the centers and in Ping Ting a Women's Health Association 
was organized, which bids well to outdo all the rest in activity. All of these associations 
have taken on some definite phase of public health work, which will better the sanitary 
conditions of their communities. Two of the associations made surveys of their com- 
munities to find out the number of osteomalacia cases. 

212 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Our nursing schools this year have gone along very satisfactorily. The nurses in the 
women's department have not had quite as much supervision as we would have liked, 
because it is impossible for one nurse carefully to oversee two groups of nurses that are 
a little distance apart, but in spite of this, the morale of the schools seems to be very 
good. We dismissed one of the girl pupil nurses, and one of the boy pupil nurses left. 
We are now running two classes in each nursing school, and this is as many as a staff 
the size of ours can take care of. There are eight pupil nurses in the Men's Nursing 
School and four in the Women's Nursing School. 

The evangelistic work of the men's department of the hospital this year has been 
headed by Mr. Chao Ch'eng Ling. He is not properly trained for the work, and we are 
looking for a good man to take his place. Mrs. Kuan is doing very satisfactory work 
in the women's department. 

This year our local receipts were more than $3,500, Mexican. A very small amount 
of this, likely less than $150, came from other budgets of the board, like the extra fees 
the schools would pay, or for some medicines sent to Show Yang, etc. All the rest of it 
was from local sources. Mr. Chang Cho Chiang, our assistant business manager, de- 
serves much credit for collecting the fees and gifts, as well as for helping to keep the 
running expenses down. The $3,503.33 collected was nearly half our expenses and we 
have great hopes that next year we may be able to get more than half our funds locally. 

The statistical report for the year is as follows: 

In-patients — men 243 

In-patients — women 126 

Operations under general anesthetic 93 

Operations under local anesthetic 44 

Operations without anesthetic 200 

Obstetrical cases, included in above 33 

Out-patient obstetrical cases 4 

Dispensary treatments — 

1st calls — men 1,657 

1st calls — women 380 

Return calls — men 3,331 

Return calls — women 1,459 

Show Yang dispensary, total 1,306 

Le P'ing and Yii Hsien dispensaries 242 

Physical examinations 141 

Staff: C. F. Coffman, M. D.; H. T. Han, M. D.; Y. T. Hsing, M._D.; F. J. 
Wampler, M. D.; Mrs. C. F. Coffman, R. N.; Miss Edna Flory, R. N.; Miss Bessie 
Rider, R. N.; Mr. H. L. Pien, Lab. Technician; 12 pupil nurses. 

J™ e Annual Report 213 

Report of Liao Woman's City Work 


THE woman's city work during the fall and spring of the 
past year has been largely limited to the work in our 
Woman's School, though during the summer some work 
was done in the city and in eighteen of the surrounding villages, 
not including those visited during evangelistic week. 

During evangelistic week, by the assistance of the Girls' 

School teachers and pupils, forty women and girls helped in the 

work of telling the message by story and song. Twenty-nine 

villages were visited by them, and teaching was done in 238 

homes, including the thirteen homes visited in the city by some of 

our married women missionaries and teachers' wives. Over 5,000 

people heard something of the Gospel Message as given by our 

women and girls during that week. Some days we divided into 

four or five companies, and each day it was my privilege to take 

Anna M. Hutchison cha rge of one of these parties. In spite of the difficulties of travel 

and the sometimes weariness, it was gratifying to see the eagerness and joy with which 

these women and girls freely assisted in the work, and Miss Cripe's and my faithful 

" Beauty " and " Brownie " did good service in helping out in the travel. 

During the two school sessions of the Woman's School of the past year, thirty in 
all were enrolled during the spring session, and twenty-two during the fall session. 
The number enrolled during the past session has been smaller than last spring, because 
of sickness and home duties, yet there has been more regular attendance by those en- 
rolled than at any previous session. 

This school, which formerly was open only four months of the year, is now con- 
tinued for seven months, and since last year is run largely according to the regular 
primary curriculum, with special emphasis on Bible teaching and homemaking. 

It is gratifying to note that, even with these women, noticeable progress is being 
made by some who have been under training longer. 

Of the twenty-two in attendance during the past session, thirteen live and board in 
the school court, though they provide their own food, clothing and bedding; the exception 
being some of the poorer ones who are being helped some by personal funds. Six of 
these are from surrounding villages and three from one of our out-stations, Yu She 
Hsien, whom Sister Senger started in their reading. 

These women, who have most of their lives lived in their own home courts, with but 
little social intercourse with others, find it somewhat difficult at times to adjust them- 
selves to live peaceably and helpfully together in the narrow limits of a school court with 
a dozen or more women associates. The seventh beatitude takes on a new meaning as 
one endeavors to learn and practice the art of peace-making. But invariably their 
troubles can be adjusted, and though one would not court these difficulties, yet the results 
sometimes, when settled by gospel principles, are so gratifying that one feels more than 
repaid for all the trouble. 

A number of the women have little children, and with the care of them, besides other 
duties, are making a brave effort and noble sacrifice to be in school. 

Each Wednesday afternoon we have our weekly prayer meeting, at which time each 
woman present wants to take part and responds with Scripture verses, remarks, song or 
prayer. Each Sunday afternoon the women have their Christian Endeavor, which is con- 
trolled entirely by them. Apart from their studies, monthly lectures are given along the 
line of hygiene, home-making, child-training, etc. 

At the Christmas season, just past, the women gave a little program of their own, 
after which they were made happy by each receiving a gift, sent by kind friends in 
America, who constantly remember us and our work. To these friends in behalf of these 
women, we extend our grateful thanks, and pray our Father's blessing upon them, each 
one, as we hope they will continue to pray for our work, and for all that tends to the 
uplift of the women of China. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Liao Chou Girls' School 


SOON after New Year the second term opened with an en- 
rollment of fifty pupils. In June three graduated from lower 
primary and two from higher primary. All except one are 
continuing their studies. The lower primary graduates are here in 
school, while one of the graduates from higher primary has 
entered middle school of another mission. Our mission, as yet, 
has no middle school for girls. The other higher primary grad- 
uate wished very much also to enter middle school, but she was 
engaged to be married as soon as school closed, and the family 
into which she married was not willing that it should be post- 
poned. However, she has been used in the evangelistic depart- 
ment, and has done quite creditable work. 
Mary E. C me Shortly before school closed, two representatives from the 

school attended a student Y. W. C. A. conference, the first of the kind held in this 
province. To make the trip required five days each way, going in turn by Ford, train, 
ricksha and cart. It was indeed a big experience for these girls. The conference, too, 
was quite worth while. At present we have not an organized Y. W. C. A., but are 
hoping to organize before another school year closes. 

Soon after school closed, there was a change in foreign supervision of the school, 
owing to Miss Shock's going home on furlough. 

During the summer, a class was held in order to get an irregular class to fit in with 
the regular work. The teaching was done by a girl whom the mission is supporting in 
middle school. 

In September regular work was resumed, again with an enrollment of fifty. The 
two out-station schools have an enrollment of forty-five. We are using the same 
Chinese teaching force as the year before. In addition to these, Mr. Ai, from the Boys' 
School, comes twice a week to teach music, and Mrs. Jung, our hospital nurse, is giving 
lessons each week in hygiene and sanitation, a subject, which, to say the least, is needed 
no less in China than in other lands. 

Report of Liao Chou Boys' School 


THIS year on the whole has been a successful one. We 
have not accomplished all that might have been done, 
nor near all that we had expected. That is, however, 
no cause for pessimism, but rather for optimism, because it 
means that there is room for improvement and a desire to 
make it. 

We have had an enrollment equal to the capacity of 
our classrooms and dormitories. Our school cannot grow 
larger, therefore, until we have more buildings. We hope 
to get one in the near future. At the beginning of the 
spring term we instituted the plan of making the pupils 
pay for their board in advance. After the first month it 
worked with very little difficulty and was much more satis- 
factory than the old plan. The out-stations schools have 
a little better enrollment this year than they had last. The 
most difficult problem with these schools is proper supervision. The work should be 
more closely coordinated with the central school so that their standards can be kept 
up to those of the main school. This may be impossible to attain until we have our 
own senior high school and can select our boys more carefully and give them some 
training in educational supervision. 

Norman A. Seese 

J"™ 5 Annual Report 215 

Last summer wc had a very successful institute for the mission. Dr. Li Tien Lu, 
of Peking Academy, was the principal lecturer. He lectured two hours each day, 
and then our own staff used two hours a day to discuss various phases of education. 
These institutes are a very valuable asset in our educational work. They should be 
pushed with vigor. 

It is evident that our high-school work is appreciated by the community, if the 
number who apply to enter can be taken to mean anything. We took in a class this 
fall of fine boys who graduated from the government school. They come from good 
homes, and if the proper influence is brought to bear they can be influenced for Chris- 
tianity. This is a great opportunity that is open to us. 

The grant of $500 (Mex.) which the Board gave us to move a portion of wall and 
the old toilet, has been used and it has added considerable to the improvement of our 
school property. 

Liao Chou School, Students Enrolled Lower Primary 

1st year, 14 

2nd year, 18 

3rd year, 28 

4th year, 39 

Liao Chou School, Students Enrolled Higher Primary 

1 st year, m 24 

2nd year, 30 

3rd year, 17 

Liao Chou School, Students Enrolled High School 

1st year, 28 

2nd year, 12 


Yu She Boys' School, lower Primary students enrolled, 65 

He Hsun Boys' School, lower primary students enrolled, 50 

This year we had the first general physical examination made of the students. 
It has proved quite instructive. Several of the points brought out are contrary to 
what we had expected. In the first place it shows that there are present very few of 
those ailments, such as bad teeth, bad eyes, adenoids, diseased tonsils, and malnutrition, 
which are large factors in retardation. China has many tubercular people, but the 
school seems to be free this year from this malady. We were expecting to find the teeth 
in much worse condition than they were. Such a large percentage of sound teeth is 
remarkable where the toothbrush is unknown, except to a few of the high-school 
students. On the other hand, trachoma seems to be as prevalent, almost, as good 
teeth, and yet at the age of these students it has not affected their sight. It was more 
prevalent among the older students than the younger ones. One would hardly expect 
to find such a large percentage of students with Chinese vaccination, but this practice 
seems to be rather general, and the Chinese say that pitted faces are much less com- 
mon than before they vaccinated. The percentage of erect carriage is not nearly 
so high as it should be. On this point the Chinese could be called the stooped-shouldered 
nation. It appears to me that the clothes for the adults are made in such a style 
that it would be exceedingly difficult to keep an erect carriage while wearing them. 
During the spring term Dr. Horning, who, with his assistant, Dr. Kao, conducted the 
examination, is going to treat those who have trachoma. We hope this will reduce 


The Missionary Visitor 


the percentage of this disease if it does not entirely eliminate it. The sad thing about 
this is that unless the patients are exceedingly careful after they are cured they will 
become infected again from the folks when they return home. It took four days 
to make the examination and the results are quite worth the time and energy spent. 


The figures below show the percentages: 


Number of Students, 11 

Average weight, |54 

Medium weight, |54 

6| 7| 8 | 9|10|11|12 
31 6 

47 1 52 
46|52/ 2 


56 1 64 

68/ 2 

67 68 

|14|15| 16 | 17| 18 

26 28 20 18 
75 189|94 113 1116 



General appearance, 

Nutrition, , 

Carriage, * 

Nervous system, ... 
Head and neck, .... 





Throat, , 



























54.5 Fair 












Slightly stooped 

Exaggerated reflex 



Slightly defective 



Enlarged tonsils 


45 Poor 






















Other defects 
Badly defective 


35.361 Catarrh 



hear'g 4.54|Other defects 3.04 
5.55lOther defects 2.53 

8 lAbnormalties 


4.551 Other defects 










Liao Chou, Woman's Village Evangelistic 


HE woman's village work began promptly Jan. 1. Miss 
Senger, having spent the last few weeks of the old year 
at Yu She Hsien, continued in the work there during the 
month of January. While there she conducted a class and 
visited many of the neighboring villages. After leaving Yu She 
Hsien she spent the most of her time itinerating until April, the 
time her furlough was due. In all she visited twenty-seven 
villages, gave ten lantern lectures and conducted eighteen meet- 

After Miss Senger left nothing was done until October, at 
which time Mrs. Ho, one of our higher primary graduates, and I 
assumed full responsibilities of this department. 

About three weeks were spent at each of the three out- 
stations and a few days each at two of our most wide-awake preaching points. 

Our visits to many of the homes in search for women to teach resulted in finding 
twenty-four, six of whom we taught in their homes; twelve came to our living quarters, 
and a class of six was taught in prison, where they were confined for one month for the 
purpose of breaking off from the opium habit. The phonetic script was used in teaching 
them to read, along with which some of the instructions embodied in the Christian Mes- 
sage were presented. 

The time spent at some of the places was entirely too short, though owing to the 
fact that I am to have charge of the girls' school at Shou Yang during Miss Clapper's 
absence, and some time must be spent in language study, full time cannot be given to 
this line of work. 

Our efforts were not only handicapped because of the short time, but also because of 
the lack of experience. Both Mrs. Ho, who did splendid work under the circumstances, 
and Mrs. Wang, the hospital evangelist, who went on one trip, were unacquainted with 
the field, and it was my first experience in regular mission work. Thus the results for 
the last part of the year are not what they might have been. However, we feel that the 
work has been furthered a little in interest in the phonetic script, which to me seems the 
most hopeful means by which the empty lives of the isolated women, wiU be influenced 
by the Gospel Story. 

J line 

Annual Report 


Liao Chou Medical Reporl 


D. L. 


HE year 1922 began with more than the usual number 

of patients for that season, but the total for the year 

makes a poorer showing than for 1921, due to the fact 

that this year there has been no epidemic and no Red Cross 

patients as there were at that time. 

We are very grateful for the $700 which has been granted for 
buying beds, which were badly needed. Building of our hospital 
wards has been deferred until 1924, and our builders' time during 
1923 will be fully occupied at Show Yang with construction of 
the Boys' School and other work. 

An important event of the early spring was the coming of 
Lan Shing, a baby girl, to brighten the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
ornmg, . . Jung, our two nurses. The later part of April, in the absence of 

Dr. Wampler, we were detained at Ping Ting nearly a month to care for those who were 
stricken with typhus fever, and at that time, as you already know, Miss Anna Blough 
was taken from us. About the same time Miss Valley Miller was confined to her bed 
for nearly a month with dysentery. 

Our Annual Meeting, which convened at Liao Chou, was held in our hospital men's 
chapel, which proved to be quite a suitable place, but on account of our auto breaking 
down at the last moment, several of our number from Ping Ting and Show Yang were 
unable to attend. A little later in the fall Liao Chou station was made happy by the 
arrival of Sylvia Gene, in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Seese. She was the second foreign 
baby born in Liao Chou Hospital. 

During the month of October Dr. Wang, whom we had helped through medical 
school for a period of two years, came to us to assist in medical work. As Dr. Kao was 
still with us by contract, Dr. Wang was sent alternately to each of our three out-stations 
during the months of October, November, December, and part of January, where we 
trust much good was done in opening hearts to the Gospel Message. We also made a 
trip to Yu She during November, holding dispensary while Bro. Flory conducted classes 
for inquirers. 

Early in December health conferences, conducted by Dr. Appleton, of the China 
Council on Health, were held at our various mission stations, and at most of them a 
local Chinese Health Association was formed. In Liao territory societies were formed 
at Ho Shun and Liao Chou, and we trust that these societies will be the means of pro- 
moting much needed health reforms among these people. As Dr. Wampler is giving 
part time to public health work, he keeps several Chinese men in the field, making the 
circuit of our territory, giving lectures on public health topics, such as extermination of 
the house fly, and contagious diseases and how to avoid them. One of these men has 
recently completed a tour of Liao County. 

Below are given a few statistics. To all of the in-patients on the men's side the 
Gospel has been daily preached, and during the year twenty have expressed a desire to 
know more of the doctrine. Some *of these come from great distances, and since at 
present we have no follow-up evangelist, the names of those interested are handed to 
our local pastor, who, as far as possible, keeps in touch with them. On the women's side 
our faithful nurse, Mrs. Jung, uses all her spare time in teaching the* patients simple 
gospel truths and songs, which they learn to love. 

Of the thirty-five surgical cases among the women, fourteen were obstetrical, two of 
the patients being foreigners. In all four foreigners were cared for during the year. There 
were nine major and sixteen minor operations under general anesthetic, with thirty 
trachoma operations under local anesthetic. In addition there were many minor opera- 
tions without anesthetic. Outside calls were made on both foreigners and Chinese, some 
of the country calls being as distant as ten miles or more. 


The Missionary Visitor 


In-patients for 1922 Men Women 

Medical 44 29 

Surgical 89 35 

Dispensary Patients — 

First calls 937 204 

Returns 1,515 298 

Patients Seen at Out-stations 

First calls 252 56 

Returns 316 57 

Total treatments, men and women 5,635 

Men's Evangelistic Report for Liao 


HAVING returned from our fur- 
lough Sept. 1, we spent only 
four months in the station work 
and are therefore unable to give a com- 
plete report for the year. 

Bro. Ernest Wampler, who had 
charge of the evangelistic work in our 
absence, left the station during the lat- 
ter part of August, returning to America 
because of the condition of his wife's 
health. He reported a good evangelistic 
week during the Chinese New Year 
season. Good campaigns were con- 
ducted at each of the out-stations and 
some good work was done. During the 
year much of Bro. Wampler's time was 
occupied in directing the work on the 
new church building which was begun 
early in the year. 

During September we were occupied 
largely in adjusting ourselves in the new 
house erected for the evangelist during 
our absence, and in attending the splen- 
did conference of our missionaries held 
in the latter part of that month. 

In October we made a visit to each 
of our three out-stations, thus getting, in 
touch and acquainting ourselves with the 
work at those places. 

Arrangements were made for in- 
quirers' study classes at each of the out- 
stations, and in November and December these classes were conducted by our 
Chinese pastor, Li Yu Shan, our three out-station evangelists and the writer. 
Over eighty were enrolled in the classes thus held, and many showed much interest in 
the study of the Bible and the other literature prepared especially to help inquirers to 
understand Christianity. 

We look forward to the completion of our large new church building, which will 
be a great aid in our work. Let us go forth into the new year with renewed hope 
and courage, and with continual prayer for the guidance of the Holy Spirit. 

R. C. Flory and Family 

Jgg Annual Report 219 

Annual Report of the Liao Chou Kindergarten 


THE beginning of the year found us in our first attempt at 
real kindergarten work in Liao Chou. It was so new, and 
this line of work was so far from being understood by 
the Chinese, that we found it rather difficult to create sentiment 
for it, as has been true in the beginning of other departments of 
work. After the Chinese New Year we again opened the work, 
but both times were unfortunate in having to close after only a 
few weeks' work on account of illness. Too, we had no native 
helper who was able to continue the work in our absence. 

The entire summer we were looking for a native kindergart- 
ner to assist us, but without results. This work could well be 
done by native teachers if they could be had, but Chinese trained 
Winnie E. Cripe kindergartners are still so rare in China that the. few are holding 

good positions in the missions whicrfhave trained them, and we 
are not likely to secure them until we can train some of our own girls. We had about 
despaired of getting any one to assist us when, we believe in answer to prayer, a Chris- 
tian lady came into our midst, asking for work. We were glad to try her, and have 
found that although she has not had kindergarten training, she has taught in primary 
schools and is responding splendidly to the training we are trying to give her. 

About the time we planned to begin work in the fall a fire broke out in the little 
court. One building was burned entirely and the large main room was badly demolished. 
This meant another delay, but we began repairing at once. Meanwhile we spent time 
on rearranging a course of lessons more adapted to Chinese life, and translating kinder- 
garten songs into the vernacular, getting ready for work. Finally, Nov. 6, we again 
opened the door to the children. In a few days it was noised about that we were having 
kindergarten again, and finally they began to come, till within four weeks we had en- 
rolled sixty children. There were sixty-two during the fall term, and over seventy 
during the year. Of course, in no kindergarten do the children all come each day, but 
nearly all of these came most of the time. 

The children here could be said to have had almost no training before they came to 
us, and to have so many coming at once kept us busy, for black pairs of shiny eyes do not 
twinkle on little brown faces for naught, so Mrs. Yang and I soon found ourselves more 
than busy. We were very grateful to have some of the married missionary ladies come 
in and assist us. This we appreciated very much, especially Mrs. Horning, who could 
be with us more. 

Kindergarten work here is both similar and very different from that in the States. 
While with some of the children it means to direct their active minds and motions into 
helpful, instructive avenues by constructive play, with others it means first to develop 
an active mind in order to have the wherewith to motivate a thought. A kindergarten, 
in an interior place like this, gives opportunity for observing the difference between 
children whose parents are educated, and those whose are illiterate. In many of these 
children their mental faculties — if they can be said to possess any— seem to be lying 
dormant, and that explains why they must be carried along, in many cases largely fed 
and sometimes also clothed, by the mission a year or two before they awaken and begin 
to respond. Here is the decided advantage of having them in kindergarten first, where 
emphasis can be laid upon their special needs, thus hastening their awakening, and yet 
having them fed and clothed at home. The expense is not nearly so great during this 
developing period as if they were in our boarding schools, and at the same time this pe- 
riod is shortened. We also find the kindergarten holds out an inducement not given by 
our other schools, because of there being no expense for the patrons, and that the chil- 
dren find it a place for interesting play-work, rather than a place where real work must be 
done in an atmosphere of rules and regulations. 

220 The Missionary Visitor J™J 

In the short time we have had to test the value of this line of work here we already 
feel it is great, and are hoping we may hit upon some plan whereby the leakage between 
the kindergarten and our primary schools may be reduced to the minimum, that the ma- 
jority of the coming generations may be taken from the mother's arms, carried through 
the years, and finally be put upon their feet in Christian manhood and womanhood, ready 
to cope with their environment, and lending strong influence for right, both in the church 
and state. 

We greatly need native-trained teachers, and better rooms in which to carry on the 
work. Pray that these may be provided as the greater need arises. 

Men's Evangelistic, Shou Yang Hsien 



ATE in 1921 Mr. K'uan, who is our chief native evangelist, 
came to me with the following sad and most discouraging 
outlook: "It seems that the Boys' School, the Girls' 
School, the medical departments are all having some visible 
results for their work. It is only the evangelistic department that 
seems most discouraging and without apparent results." I 
prayed the Lord to open his eyes to see that in the Christian 
world results are not always visible to the human eye. And to- 
gether we continued our labors in prayer and faith. 

During 1922 it was our chief aim to create contacts and build 

friendships as a foundation for Christian work in the county. It 

has had its discouraging aspects, but Mr. K'uan now confesses 

a ter . eisey ^at there was a large growth in the work during the year. We 

used their theatricals and fairs as an opportunity to preach to and meet people 


Casting about for a summary of the year's work it sums itself up something like this: 
The field is wide open for evangelistic work. The prejudice against Christianity, that was 
manifest when the work was opened up here, has, outwardly at least, disappeared. The 
evangelists, both Chinese and foreigners, are welcomed in all of the villages. Whereas, 
there was once an uneasiness and spirit of disapproval when we spoke to the people, 
now many of the villages send invitations for us to come to preach to the people when 
they are having a theatrical. This is most encouraging. We have not had workers 
enough to meet all of these calls. We are most thankful for this wonderful opportunity. 
Many things have helped to bring about this change of attitude. One is that the 
people have learned that the mission is here, not for its own good, but for the good of 
the public. Another thing that has been most helpful is the attitude of the governor 
and some of the other officials from Shou Yang who are working with him. In his 
endeavor to establish self-government for the villages, the governor has demanded that 
each village put on a campaign of lectures. He has asked that the village elder and the 
chief men of the place assume this responsibility. The evangelists, taking advantage of 
this program, used the village self-government material as a basis for entrance into the 
lives of the people. Many of the communities, learning of the willingness of the mission 
people to lecture on these subjects, sent invitations for us to Come to speak to them. In 
this way we had personal contact with the foremost men in the villages, and the common 
folks soon learned that the leading people were favorable to Christianit} 7- , and thus the 
entire community has been opened to preaching. 

As to definite results of preaching and teaching in the schools, there were thirty- 
one baptisms during the year: eleven from the girls' school, five from the boys' 
school, two women and thirteen men. 

In addition to his language study, Bro. Harlan Smith has been active in selling Gos- 
pels and preaching in the near-by villages. He has also ably helped in conducting 
some of the enquirers' classes. We are thankful for his faithful support, even though he 
was very busy studying the language. 


Annual Report 


The work of the year has been most encouraging. There were a few accessions. 
There are some faithful enquirers. The Lord of the harvest has opened the field for 
the preaching of the Gospel Message without reservations. We are thankful for the en- 
couraging outlook for the work here. It promises some good results for the future, 
provided we are faithful in his service. 

Shou Yang Hsien. 

Show Yang Girls' School 



URING the spring thirty-five pupils were enrolled in 
the school, of which number four w^ere new arrivals, 
the same number of former pupils having dropped out. 
In March and April we had our first case of serious, prolonged 
illness in the school, when the daughter of our Bible woman 
was stricken with typhus fever. For more than four weeks 
she was bedfast and was cared for on the school premises. 
Having no resident doctor here. Dr. Wampler made frequent 
trips from Pingting, looking after the case. We were very 
fortunate in having only one case of this much-dreaded disease 
in the school. 

June 10 our hearts were gladdened by seeing eleven of these 
girls born into the kingdom, and our hope and prayer is that 
V. Grace Clapper they may grow into beautiful Christian womanhood, shining 

as lights in the school and in the homes of this community. 

Thirty-seven pupils were enrolled at the beginning of the new school year in Sep- 
tember. Misses Wang and Chang, of the Congregational Mission at Paotingfu, were 
secured as helpers. Early in the term one of our Christian girls became ill and was com- 
pelled to leave school. She will not likely return to us, as her disease is the almost 
incurable tubercular peritonitis. How glad we are that she learned to know and love 
her Savior before this affliction came upon her! 

Next year we are hoping to have larger and more suitable quarters for the school, 
which is likely to result in a much larger enrollment. Pray that wisdom may be 
given to direct these young lives aright! 

Mary Shaeffer 

Women's Work at Show Yang 



HE first few days of the year were spent with Sister 
Anna Blough, in a class in her district. This gave us 
added inspiration to launch out in like classes in our 
own district. Two such classes w r ere held in succession in differ- 
ent villages, and fourteen women and girls learned to read Chi- 
nese in the phonetic script; some are now reading the Bible. We 
taught two Bible lessons daily, aiming to give in ten days a 
general study of the life of Christ and his teachings, hoping 
to follow it up with more definite teaching. 

Sickness of both my helper and myself hindered our work 
for six months. Thus several villages, which had been prom- 
ised classes, had to be disappointed. 

During the fall a trip was made to Yu Hsien with Sister 
Horning. Here tw r o weeks were spent in visiting homes and 
teaching several women to read. This district had been as- 
signed to the Pingting workers, but is to be worked from Show Yang in the future. 

222 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

The health campaign, conducted by Dr. Appleton, was much appreciated by the 
women, especially by those from the country who do not often have an opportunity to 
get such instruction. 

During the year two women were baptized. This is not a large number, but we 
hope that more fruit may be gathered from the year's sowing of seed. The women 
do not have the moral courage to enable them to stand against the ridicule of their 
neighbors, to attend services regularly and to tear down their idols. Therefore the 
work is slow. We have gotten into only eighteen villages during the year, but the 
light will finally penetrate these walls and bring glory to God. 

God granting strength, we hope to have a full year of service for these women 
before time for us to leave for furlough. Pray for us and them. 

A Crisis in China 


CHINA has been called a sleeping monster, and it has been 
said that when the monster awakened and roared the 
world powers would sit up and take notice. That time is 
here. China is shaking off the drowsiness of ages, and the world 
is alert to take note of what she does. Today is a critical time 
in the mission work of China. She is throwing off the age-worn 
monarchy and is now a baby republic. She has cast aside her 
state system, as such, namely Confucianism, and is trying to 
function as a democracy. This change, with her philosophy 
steeping the minds of the students, is necessarily slow. While 
they have cast aside their state system as undesirable, yet they 
are still clinging to the philosophies of the Taoist school. These 
' . __ _ are essentially anarchist, for they believe that to get away from 

Nettie M. Senger ... ' . , 

activity in government matters and retire, getting back to nature, 

doing things in the quiet way nature does, is the best and only solution. Too many 
students, with their much learning acquired both in China and abroad, are retiring, 
hoping in this way to bring about order in their country. It is only reasonable to expect 
that when they give up Confucianism, many would draw closer to the beliefs of her 
great opponent, which is this Taoist system. 

Under Confucianism the people often suffered much because of corrupt officials and 
bad rule, and the Taoist school believed it to be because they were too meddlesome in 
new learning and the rule of the people. For in those old days new learning was finding 
a place in the schools. They said that in passivity of leaders all could be done without 
the evils that come from trying to meddle in, that nature would take care of the 
government if given a chance. 

Today the students of China are called skeptical toward Christianity. Their present 
attitude of mind is but a natural outgrowth of the past. Their state system had higher 
morals than their religion, hence the scholar felt that religion was for the superstitious 
and unlearned, and he does not want a religion of any kind. But Christianity is begin- 
ning to bring itself under the notice of the student sufficiently that he can no longer 
evade it, so now he is asking the real worth of it, and we call him skeptical. He is read- 
ing for himself in the Book, and finding out what it says, and asks that Christians prove 
the truthfulness of the statements he finds there. In short, he wants to know if it works. 
Does it change lives like the Book says? Does Jesus have the power the Book claims 
for him? He says, " Show me." He has the right to ask these questions and expect 
answers, and these answers, to satisfy him, will not be found in philosophic or scientific 
terms; they will be found in the lives of Christians. Can we say to him, "Follow me 
even as I follow Christ and see?" Dare we have him look into our lives to answer his 
question and expect him to get the right answer? And if he finds that it proves to be 
what the Book says he will embrace Christianity as just the need of his life, and the 
religion of knowledge and power that will save his country. Now is the time for mis- 
sionaries to work and pray most earnestly, for China is passing through a crisis. It is 


Annual Report 


like the crisis of a disease, a change for better or worse, for life or death; so it is the 
salvation or downfall of China. 

Missionaries in the past have run well; they have planted Christianity so well that 
it must be taken account of, and we today must water so it will bring- fruit and not be 
set aside as useless, because of some failure on our part. And in this age of new things 
we must still use the same old way of much faith and leaning on Jesus for the power and 
wisdom needed. As he was sufficient then, so will he be now. We are tackling a great 
task for the Great Good Master; he is pleased, and will not fail us. Much of the 
strength and success of the missionary is traced to praying churches and friends at home. 
Pray on; God will yet vindicate his cause. 

" Only melted gold is minted, 
Only moistened clay is moulded. 
Only softened wax receives the seal. 
Only broken, contrite hearts — 
Only these receive the mark 
Of the Potter as he spins us on his wheel, 
Shaped and burned to take and keep the mould — 
The heavenly mark— the stamp of God's pure gold." 

Hartford, Conn. 

Men's Bible Training School Report 



E. Obarholtzer 

HE Lord has indeed been good to us during the year. He 
has given a few men a larger vision of the unprecedented 
opportunities before the Chinese church. He has pointed 
out to six students a hard task that will challenge every ounce of 
strength at their command. He has prepared them for his own 
field, to break down the dense walls of ignorance and superstition, 
and fill the woeful need of a vigorous religion with the love of 
Jesus Christ. He has wrought in the heart of every student an 
enlarged Christian experience of their Savior Christ. For this 
we are thankful. 

During four weeks of the Chinese new year the Bible school 
was closed, and the students gave their time in a special evangel- 
istic campaign. They returned encouraged and happy for the ex- 
perience. On the 22nd of June these six men completed their Bible course of two years 
and received diplomas. Immediately after graduation they took up evangelistic work in 
our out-stations. 

On the 5th of September the school opened, with a new class of seven. Several of 
these came upon their own responsibility, without grants-in-aid, or the solicitation of the 
missionary. Several have previously been in the employ of the mission, but now hope to 
prepare for more responsible duties among their own people. 

During the year the director of the school has been station treasurer for Ping- 
tingchou, and in the absence of the mission builder, Bro. Bright, who took his inter- 
furlough vacation at the coast, he has had the responsibility of overseeing the building of 
one of the foreign residences at Pingting. 

Remember these students, those gone out from the school and those now in school, 
in your daily prayers. For them to leave parents and families that are always dependent 
upon the sons in China, and to go to school, is no small matter. Nor is it easy for them 
to see the importance of an elementary training to meet the good class of Chinese. The 
Bible school is a very necessary factor in the spiritual growth of our mission. Our 
Chinese church, like the chui ch at home, needs more to learn from God's Word. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Report of the Women's Bible School 


UR spring term opened March 6 with an enrollment of 
thirty-three. Our advanced class of four women took full 
work during this term, completing the course and gradu- 
ating the last of May. This being our first graduating exercise it 
was rather an important event and a portent of the larger things 
which we expect in the future. 

Our fall term opened Sept. 4, with a social and program in 
the afternoon, at which time we enrolled thirty women and as- 
signed regular work for the next day. We had three classes in 
the forenoon and five in the afternoon. Five Chinese teachers, 
besides Mrs. Oberholtzer, Mrs. Vaniman and myself, assisted in 
teaching these classes. 

During the two weeks that we foreigners were all attending 
the mission meeting at Liao, Mr. Jung, the -oldest of the Chinese teachers, had charge 
and also substituted for us in some of our classes. 

Thirteen of the women received work from the industrial department (sewing appli- 
que bedspreads, etc.), so were required to attend school. At first they did not take much 
interest in their studies, but later seemed to be really interested; one proof being that 
they, with the others, requested that we continue the school through the winter instead 
of closing Dec. 1 as has been done in the past. 

A special effort was made to get the women to bathe and put on clean clothes each 

Our advanced classes were dismissed for two weeks during the Special Bible Insti- 
tute held the last of November, in order that they might attend those special classes. At 
the close of the meetings four of our school women were baptized. 

At the close of each term the women planned and prepared a program consisting 
of plays and songs. The Chinese are natural actors. In the plays they acted or played 
the story which they wished to tell. 

On the whole our school has been much better this year than last. We had better 
teachers, and the women have shown more interest and have done better work, but it is 
still far from the standard which we hope to attain. 
Pingting, Shansi. 

Shu Hsien Girls' School at Ping Ting Chou 


"Of such the kingdom! Teach thou us, 
O Master most divine, 
To feel the deep significance 

Of these wise words of thine!" — Whittier. 


HE work among our girls for 1922 is done, and you 
ask us to report. There is so little to tell, yet may 
this little encourage you and me to love the Lord 
more and serve his little ones better. 

Of the seventy-five girls enrolled in the city school, all 
the older girls but one are Christians; also several of the 
smaller ones. Eight were baptized the early part of 
December. One of these was our crippled girl, Pang Ti. She 
had been ill, and came out of the hospital the morning of 
the baptizing. Besides the regular religious services in the 
school, there were three special prayer services. One week 
we met every day in behalf of the World's Student Con- 
ference. We were privileged to send two delegates to this 
meeting. Soon after this we again interceded for the 
National Christian Conference, held in Shanghai in May. In 
November we observed the Y. M. and Y. W. C. A. week of prayer. 

Minerva Metzger 

J^| Annual Report 225 

During the fall semester the girls became very much interested in the Sunday- 
school lessons. For the girls from the third grade up we held a written examination, 
covering the fourth quarter lessons. To all who made a grade of 70 we gave a small 
story book. To all the smaller ones who had been present every Sunday and had 
memorized all the golden texts we gave a large picture. 

During the summer vacation several of our graduates taught vacation Bible Schools 
very successfully. Several of the others conducted classes in the city for an hour a 
day. This latter was all volunteer work. Although not so successful, yet we ad- 
mired their courage in staying by it. 

One more village school was opened. This school has been almost self-support- 
ing, the pupils paying a tuition of fifty cents a month. This is paid at the beginning 
of the month. They also bought their books. This is now being done in all the 
out-station and city schools. 

The enrollment for the fall semester has not been as large as in the spring, due 
to a rise in food money and the requirement for a certain amount of clothing to keep 
clean. We are putting more emphasis on hygiene and sanitation. 

A new feature of our school work is the coeducational school. At the beginning 
of the spring semester we opened this school to care for the boys and girls in the 
first grade. The experiment proved satisfactory enough to continue, so we moved 
to a larger place, got more equipment, and hired two teachers. It is a lively place. 

The statistical report is as follows: 

Enrollment, city, 75 

Enrollment, country, 79 

Graduates higher primary, 6 

Graduates lower primary, : 5 

Baptisms, 8 

Report for Tai Yuan 


S our mission has not yet opened regular mission work 
in this city I will mention some phases of the Young 
Men's Christian Association work in which I am most 
interested, and afterwards make a few general remarks con- 
cerning the outlook for Christian work here in the city. 

I personally feel that the Y. M. C. A. is doing a great 
service in Tai Yuan, much of which cannot be computed in 
figures. Among other things it serves as a stepping-stone for 
many to enter the church. By making a little broader applica- 
tion of Christianity than most of the missions do, and by its 
non-sectarian character, it attracts a class of people whom the 
churches can scarcely reach. Many people will come to the 
Minor M. Myers y M c A tQ hear a religious address, or enter a Bible class, 

and thus ofttimes become interested in Christianity, who would not be seen inside 
a churchhouse. But by the influence of the association they are led into the church and 
church activities. 

Especially among the government school students does the Y. M. C. A. hold a 
unique and at the same time a strategic position. The missionary societies and churches 
all over China have largely placed the responsibility for leadership in this field in 
the Young Men's Christian Association, and they use their strength and force through 
the association channels. Mile. Bidgrain, traveling secretary of the World's Student 
Christian Federation, after a few months' stay in China, told several student secretaries 
that " there is no country in Europe in which Christianity has such access into govern- 
ment schools as the Christian Associations have in China." This is for the whole 
country, of course. But you will readily see that our city of 5,000 students of high- 
school grade and above presents quite a task and at the same time a rare opportunity. 


226 The Missionary Visitor J™ 3 e 

Then, too, these students come from every part of the province and some from other 

Work among the students in Tai Yuan is almost in the beginning stages, hence 
we have not done all that we would like to have done. Yet this past year shows 
marked improvement over the previous year, in spite of the Anti-Christian Movement 
among the students in China, or perhaps because of it. However, the thing that has 
figured largest in this improvement is the fact that first-class, fine, zealous Christian 
Chinese has been secured as Y. M. C. A. student secretary, and has put new life into 
the work. 

Last year, while school was in session, public religious meetings were held each 
Sunday afternoon, which was largely attended by students. There were twenty Bible 
classes, meeting at least once a week, under the management of the Y. M. C. A. 
Some of these classes began in the autumn, after school opened. I would not have 
you think that all of these two hundred students enrolled for Bible study were really 
interested in Christianity. Some wanted to improve their English, others desired to 
study the principles of the Christian religion, that they might better know what it is 
that the Anti-Christian Movement is opposing, while still others, a smaller group, 
were seeking for more light and truth as it is found in our Lord Jesus Christ. During 
the year twenty-four were received into the church and fifty-four decided for the Chris- 
tian life. 

In all this good work the writer had only a small share. He taught three of the 
Bible classes mentioned above, along with a number of English classes in the "even- 
ing school. It is a great satisfaction to see these young men decide for the Christian 
life, and still greater when they use their powers in Christian work. The English 
classes furnish a point of contact by which friends are made, and it is only after one 
has become a person's friend that he can wield the greatest influence over him. 

Now, just a few remarks about the Christian forces of the city. The English 
Baptist Mission has been the only foreign work (not including Catholics) since before 
the Boxer year until last summer, when the Salvation Army opened their regular 
lines of work in the city. Off and on there has been a family of the Faith Mission here, 
who, however, have not been much force in a cooperative and constructive way. 
There is also a Chinese church started, which looks rather promising at this stage. 
As yet the religious needs of the city are far from being provided for, but we hope for 
better work in the future. 

I am sure that you will be interested to know that our mission is definitely plan- 
ning to begin regular evangelistic work here by September next. It will be difficult, 
and at times discouraging, but on the other hand Christian work here is necessary and 
of far-reaching consequence. It may require time and patience, but we know fruits 
will be forthcoming if the spirit and power of our Lord are in the efforts. 

Lord, hasten the day when Tai Yuan shall not only be the administrative and 
educational center of the province, but that it may also be the Christian center, from 
which shall go out to every nook and corner of Shansi, and even beyond the borders 
of Shansi, that new life, power and purpose that come only from our Lord and Savior 
Jesus Christ. 



Annual Report 





J. F. Graybill 

HE time has come to make our Annual 
Report. As we look upon the past, it 
seems but a short time since we wrote our 
last Annual Report. This reminds us that time 
is passing rapidly, and what one would do must be 
done now. This our Lord and Savior recognized 
when he said, " I must work the work of him that 
sent me, while it is day; the night cometh, when 
no man can work." 

It appears to be a hard struggle for the 
Scandinavian countries to gain their equilibrium 
after the World War, because of their great de- 
pendence on the other nations. Industrial condi- 
tions have improved but little. Strikes and lock- 
outs are the order of the day, and discontentment 
characterizes the masses as they struggle for an 
existence. All this has a disagreeable effect on 
society and church work in general. 

Politically the country is slowly turning more 
and more socialistic. This tends to loosen the 
shackles of the State Church, and evidences are 
for a radical change along this line in the not far distant future. But Socialism is non- 
Christian, and a strong rival with Christianity. Therefore the great need and difficult 
task of evangelizing socialism if this country is to be saved from infidelity. If the 
Christian church shall hold its place in Sweden, the Gospel must be preached so that 
the Spirit of Christ will permeate the masses and Christian democracy become the 
ruling power. 

Our work during the past year has met with numerous discouragements, but the 
grace of God was sufficient and has helped us through it all. We have enjoyed two 
love feasts, which were fairly well attended. We had the pleasure of having Brother 
and Sister Glasmire, from Denmark, with us for a series of meetings in October. These 
meetings were a blessing to the church and the salvation of sinners. We have been 
spared sickness and disease during the year and have but few deaths to report. If there 
has been much to discourage us, there is much for which we are thankful. 

The Malmo church has since April of last year adopted the envelope system for 
weekly offering to defray our local expenditures, and is well pleased with the experiment. 
The Vanneberga and Olserod churches also inaugurated the plan during the last half of 
the year. The other churches are falling in line this year. Considering the depressed 
financial condition we think we have developed in offering unto the Lord, but still there 
is much room for improvement. 

We are much encouraged in the reinforcement the Mission Board has promised us. 
May the Lord find the right family for this place. We are not in a heathen country. 
The condition and our needs require a family especially fitted, and greatly different 
from our other foreign work. It is also encouraging to the work in this city that there 
are prospects of worshiping under our own roof before the close of this year, if all goes 
well. This will supply a pressing need and prove a great stimulus to the work here. 
At this writing a plot of ground has been purchased and plans for building are well 
on the way. The reader will better understand this need when we state that after the 
first of April the Malmo Mission may be without a home until the new building is 
erected and ready for use. All efforts to rent a hall have been futile. We still hope the 
Lord will in some way provide for our needs. If the last effort fails, we may have to 
discontinue the Sunday-school and Junior and Young People's work for a few months. 
Our Sunday-schools have continued their regular work. The Juniors in Malmo and 
Limhamn are a veritable beehive in their industrial work. The Limhamn Juniors or- 

228 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

ganized a Bible class in their society the beginning of the past year. The Malmo 
Juniors have organized a Bible class of those who are over thirteen years of age, the first 
of the present year as the last addition of their work. As a name they have chosen 
"Faithful Friends." May they be loyal to their name! This organization is anxious 
for better-adapted quarters for their work in the proposed building. 

The Young People's organization continued its charity work by clothing twenty 
poor children and serving a dinner to some fifty aged poor during the holiday season. 
They also assist in the local church expenditures. This organization celebrated its 
tenth anniversary last October. Brother and Sister Glasmire were invited to assist on 
this occasion. To this they consented and performed their part in a commendable 
manner. During these ten years 265 poor children have received clothes and 661 aged 
poor were served with a Christmas dinner at the cost of 6,682 kroner. Over 1,000 
kroner were contributed to World-wide Missions. This organization has established a 
fund to furnish the library in the new church building. The Young People's Society 
has conducted an Aid Society from the time of its organization, and continues this work 
with variating interest. 

Aid Society No. 2 was organized by the Malmo church during the past year. This 
organization works exclusively to defray the local church expenditures, such as hall rent 
and fuel, and met with not a little success the first year of its existence. They gathered 
in over 300 kroner. In our new quarters we are planning for modern Sunday-school 
conveniences, as well as for the Junior industrial and Young People's social work. In 
these we see the future Church of the Brethren in Malmo. 

The Olserod church has taken a good step along the line of Aid Society work and 
has done nobly in charity work for Russia and local expenditures. 

We begin the new year with a sense of great responsibility on account of the 
building project in connection with the regular church work. We desire to join in with 
the Apostle Paul when he said, " Forgetting the things which are behind, and stretching 
forward to the things which are before, I press on toward the goal unto the prize of the 
high calling of God in Christ Jesus." 

Financial Report for District Expenses, 1922 


General Mission Board .22,095.00 

World-Wide Mission offering 691.67 

Home Mission offering 523.69 

Pastoral Support 380.41 

Disbursements 23.690.77 

Support — Andersson, Hydehn, Jonsson, Lindell, Olsson 13,320.08 

Rents 3,871.25 

Publication 1,105.00 

Property expenses 149.45 

Traveling expenses, 1,608.35 

World-Wide Missions 691.67 

Pastoral support 307.71 

Miscellaneous 45.90 

Cash on hand Dec. 31, 1922 2,591.36 

The above figures represent Swedish kroner. 


Annual Report 


Statistical Report for 1922 






































































co O 



















1 1 

& P 




U! P 









i 2 , 

| 2| 2\VM\ 99 1 89| 95| 39| 348| 9 
1 21 314521 Sll 81 251 161 7801 2 


21 7I...I...I 11 56 

$ 767.19 




2J. ..]...]...] 2 61 

] 999.87 


1|...|...|133| 31I...I...I 131 771 5 
|...|...|...| 11. ..)... )...)••• 17 1 


AA:1:H ", 


| 700.92 



;...i...i...iiii...i...i...i...i'....i i 

...(...(...( If...f..,| 9 




4| 4| 5|730|181| 97|120| 68|1,222| 18 

4| 5| 9| 1| 1| 3|150|$1,217.09|$4,976.89 


Will E. Glasmire 

Baptized 2 

DENMARK, 1922 


HE year 1922 started out with bright prospects. Our 
Sunday-schools were in a healthy condition. The mem- 
bers had taken on new courage and hoped for a successful 
year. We were all hoping that the year would prove a great 
blessing to all. 

The additions to the church were not as numerous as we had 
hoped for. Nevertheless, the spirit of the members was good. 
As usual, where the Lord has a work, there the devil, too, is on 
the job, and as a result of his efforts some allowed the world too 
much room in their lives. 

We were sorrowed by the death of Sister Poulsen, who had 
been a faithful sister in the Master's service for many years. 

Bro. Lars Peter Jensen, a deacon, was also called home 
through an attack of influenza. He had been a faithful brother in the discharge of his 
duties, but the Lord saw fit to call a halt in his labors. He went home to his reward after 
a short period of illness. He was interred at Bronderslev with Bro. Neils Esbensen 

Our Sunday-schools have increased both in number and interest, the present enroll- 
ment being 164. We had programs on Easter and Christmas, which were very much 
appreciated by the parents as well as the children. Our outing for the summer was 
celebrated at a place called " Sjorring Void," the home and judgment *eat of a viking 
king. I preached two sermons from the place where, in the days of old, judgment was 
meted out to offenders. It is one of the historic spots in this part of the country. 

The Young People's Society conducted a sewing circle during the summer. The 
articles were sold in the fall and the income was used for the furthering of the work 
here. The work has been restarted after a rest during the Christmas season. 

In the spring Bro. Esbensen and family moved to the Vensyssel District, where he 
has been carrying on the work during the year. The Sunday-school work has not been 
started, for numerous reasons, but we hope for the forwarding of the work as the Lord 

An interesting and blessed alliance meeting, together with the Free Mission, Bap- 
tists, and the Salvation Army, was held at " Vildsund Strand " in July. Many were there 
who would not otherwise hear us preach. One of the Indre Mission preachers stopped 
as he passed by, to listen to one of the speakers. He was warned by his followers to 


The Missionary Visitor 


do such a thing again at the peril of losing his position. This shows the kindly (?) feel- 
ing they have toward us. The meeting proved a great blessing to all, and is a step 
toward a greater unity on the part of the churches not connected with the State Church. 

The Mission Board has provided a permanent home for the missionary in the Thy 
District, where the writer is located for the present. This provision does away with the 
fear of being asked to move because of the house being sold, as is often the case. Finan- 
cial conditions here are not good. One of the largest banks failed to the tune of 350,000,- 
000 kroner. This has affected most of the business institutions in the country. The gov- 
ernment has guaranteed for five years now, which simply means that we as taxpayers 
must make good for the bank from now on. 

We certainly wish to thank all the contributors to the " Ford," which is being sent 
here for our use. It is another manifestation of the Lord's goodness in providing for the 
furthering of his work. May he bless you all richly for your liberality. 

This last year was marked by a great religious lethargy. The " Indre Mission," a 
branch of the State Church, is the only one that has made any progress. The other 
churches have great difficulties to surmount. The present condition is due to the 
existing state of affairs in Europe in general. 

During the latter part of summer a phenomenon was observed on the island of 
" Mors," lying directly east of our home, which seems to have aroused the people to the 
idea that the latter days are here and that the Lord will soon make his appearance. It 
occurred one clear night when there appeared a very dark cloud, which hung over the 
southern part of the island, which is about thirty-two English miles long and twelve 
miles wide. In the cloud appeared a huge white cross for the space of a few seconds; 
then it disappeared, to reappear in a few minutes. This cross was visible three times, 
after which the cloud disappeared. What this means is a mystery. It was seen by 

We hope and pray that the work here may grow. We ask a continued interest in 
your prayers, that the Lord will give us the needed wisdom to guide the work aright. 




























































































| 2| 1| 4| SO | 1| 0| 5| 0| 4| 21 21 164| 1| 46 1 57|$2',176.66 
•I 2j 1| Q| 23 1 0[ 1| Q| S| 21 1| 0| 00| 0| 0] 26| 396.27 

Offerings represent kroner. 

J™ e Annual Report 231 


For the Year Ended February 28, 1923 
1. Mission Income and Expense 

Balances, March 1, 1922— 

World Wide fund, $ 20,284.03 

India funds (Account No. 6), 21,185.83 

China funds (Account No. 7), 3.639.26 

Sweden Churchhouse fund, 2,608.54 

Home Missions fund, 286.24 

Africa Mission fund, 1,092.91 

Income — 

$ 49,096.81 

World Wide- 
Contributions reported in Visitor, $ 48,738.44 

Forward Movement — 1921 (Account No. 4f), 4,757.52 
Forward Movement— 1922 (Account No. 4g), 40,010.00 

Total contributions of living donors, 93,505.96 

Bequests and Lapsed Annuities (Acc't No. 

16), 10,332.43 

Net from Investments (Account No. 15), . . 30,955.35 

India Mission (Account No. 6) 

China Mission (Account No. 7), 

Sweden Mission (Account No. 8), 

Denmark Mission (Account No. 9), 

So. China Mission (Account No. 10), 

Africa Mission (Account No. 11), 

Home Missions (Account No. 12), 

Total Mission Income, 309,924.41 











Publications (Account No. 13), $ 7,649.32 

General Expenses (Account No. 14), 18,509.92 $26,159.24 

India Mission (Account No. 6), 140,826.80 

China Mission (Account No. 7), 76,655.12 

Sweden Mission (Account No. 8), 13.506.88 

Denmark Mission (Account No. 9), 5,973.89 

So. China Mission (Account No. 10), 485.19 

Africa Mission (Account No. 11), 3,353.27 

Home Missions (Account No. 12), 64,550.72 

Total Mission Expense, $331,511.11 

Balances, February 28, 1923 — 

India funds (Account No. 6) 21,711.75 

China funds (Account No. 7), 34,856.13 

Sweden Church House fund, 2,608.54 

Denmark Church House fund, 1,250.91 60,427.33 

Less World Wide fund deficit, 32,917.22 27,510.11 



The Missionary Visitor 


2. Endowment and Annuity Funds 

a. World Wide Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 


Receipts — 

W. Alex. Farm, 

. .$ 1470 

59858 $ 


W. Alex. Farm, . . . 




W. Alex. Farm, 




W. Alex. Farm, . . . 




W. Alex. Farm, 













. . 2,000.00 



W. Alex. Farm, 


Total new funds, . . . 


Transfer from Endowment Annuities, 

Less refund, inheritance tax, 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 

b. Endowment Annuities — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 

Receipts — 

57216, $13,000.00 

57343, 200.00 

57379, 2,000.00 

57589, 300.00 

57824, 400.00 

59019, 1,000.00 

59112, 500.00 

59240, 1,000.00 

59871, 200.00 

Total new funds, 


$ 300.00 

















Less transfers by death lapses of annuitants — 

To World Wide Endowment, 

To India Endowment, , 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 

Mission Annuities — 
Balance, March 1, 1922, .. 

Receipts — 

56800, $ 300.00 

57103, 1,000.00 

57257, 200.00 

57373, 5,000.00 










Total new funds, 

Less refunds to donors, . . 
Balance, February 28, 1923, 












J™ e Annual Report 233 

d. Gospel Messenger Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, $ 16,506.56 

e. India Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 4,610.00 

1 57175, $1,409.00 59279 $140.00 

Total new funds, 1,549.00 

By transfer from Endowment Annuities, 300.00 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 6,459.00 

f. China Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, 2,350.00 

g. Ministerial and Missionary Relief — 

Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, 10.00 

h. H. H. Rohrer Memorial Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, 1,000.00 

i. Gish Estate Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, 56,667.08 

j. D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 850.00 

Receipts, 1,200.00 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 2,050.00 

3. Relief Funds 

a. Swedish Relief — 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, $ 24.00 

Expenditures — sent to Sweden Mission, 24.00 

b. China Famine Relief — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, $ 72,796.66 

Transferred to China Mission Fund (Account No. 7), 72,796.66 

c. Ministerial and Missionary Relief — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 25,053.90 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement— 1921 (Account No. 4f), $ 4,347.61 

Forward Movement— 1922 (Account No. 4g), $ 3,060.00 

Brethren Publishing House (Account No. 17), 2,760.00 

Gish Estate— 20% of Income (Account No. 15), 680.00 10,847.61 

Expenditures — 

In assistance to ministers or their widows, 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 

d. Denmark Poor Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 

Receipts — none. 
Expenditures — 

Relief to needy in our Denmark Mission, 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 3,542.67 




234 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

e. General Relief and Reconstruction — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 1,000.00 

Receipts — 

Near East Relief— reported in Visitor, 18,150.73 

Armenian Relief — reported in Visitor, 1,373.32 

Smyrna Relief — reported in Visitor, 130.60 

Russian Relief — reported in Visitor, 3,626.74 

General Relief— reported in Visitor, 3,503.05 $ 26,784.44 

Expenditures — 

Remitted through Near East Relief, New York, 19,654.65 

Remitted through American Friends, Philadelphia, 7,129.79 

Expenses of Committee, 119.95 26,904.39 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 880.05 

India Leper Relief — 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 10.00 

Expenditures — to our India Mission, 10.00 

4. Miscellaneous Funds 

a. Student Loan — 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor, 

Forward Movement — 1921 (Account No. 4f), 
Forward Movement — 1922 (Account No. 4g), 

Expenditures — 

Loans to Students, 

Deficit, March 1, 1922, 

Deficit, February 28, 1923, 

b. Stover Lecture Foundation — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 

Receipts, Interest from investments, 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 

c. Gish Testament Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 

Receipts — by sale of Testaments, 

Expenditures — new edition, 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 13.96 

d. Gish Publishing Fund — 
Receipts — 

By sales of books, 

Income — 80% from Gish Endowment (Ac- 
count No. 15), 

Expenditures — 

Cost of new books, 

Committee's expenses, 

Deficit, March 1, 1922 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 

e. Church Extension Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 

Receipts — 

Interest on loans, 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 11,796.21 













. 3,454.73 
























J™f Annual Report 235 

f. Forward Movement — 1921 — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 40,523.78 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 19,437.1 1 

Expenditures — 

To General Mission Board — 

For World Wide Missions (Acc't No. 1), 

For Home Missions (Acc't No. 12), .... 
For Ministerial & Missionary Relief (Ac- 
count No. 3c), 

For Student Loans (Account No. 4a), .... 
To General Educational Board, 

General Sunday School Board, 

Temperance & Purity Committee, . . 

General Christian Workers' Board, .... 

Dress Reform Committee, 

Homeless Children Committee, 

General Music Committee, 

American Bible Society, 

Tract Examining Committee, 

g. Forward Movement — 1922 — 

Balance, March f, 1922, 

Receipts — as reported in Visitor, 

Expenditures — 

Expenses of Movement — 

District Directors, 63.87 

Literature and General Printing, 307.96 

Auditing 1921 books, 42.60 

Office rent for 1921, 50.00 

Telephone, .90 

Office stationery and supplies 36.41 

Postage, 246.06 

Salaries, 2,008.75 

Traveling Expense, 189.18 2,945.73 

Advances to General Mission Board — 

For World Wide Missions (See Account 

No. 1), 40,010.00 

For Ministerial and Missionary Relief 

(Sec Account No. 3c) » 3,060.00 

For Student Loan Fund (See Acc't No. 

4a), 2,930.00 

Advances to General Sundav School 

Board, 7,300.00 

Advances to General Christian Workers' 

Board, 4,500.00 

Advances to Music Committee, 550.00 

Advances to Temperance and Purity 

Committee 150.00 

Advances to Homeless Children Com- 
mittee 550.00 

Advances to Dress Reform Committee, . 450.00 

Advances to American Bible Society, . . 270.00 62,715.73 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 5,774.42 

h. Brooklyn Italian Church Building — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 42.90 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 16,388.37 

Balance, February 28, 1923, 16,431.27 

236 The Missionary Visitor J«" e 

i. Miscellaneous Missions — 

Japan — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, .... 98.80 

Philippines — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . . 81.40 

Porto Rico — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, .... 234.42 

Arab work — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . . 50.00 

So. America — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . . 152.34 

New England — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, .... 202.50 

Southern Native White — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . 197.23 

Cuba Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . . 331.27 

Australia — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, .... 16.00 

Jerusalem — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . . 200.66 

Colored Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . 156.10 

Colored Mission Industrial — 

Balance, March 1, 1922, no increase, . . . 397.75 

Oakland Church Building — 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 212.00 

Expenditures — remitted to No. Calif. 

Treas., 212.00 

Mexican Industrial School — 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 132.96 

Expenditures — remitted to Falfurrias, 

Tex., 132.96 

Total of balances, February 28, 1923, 2,118.47 

5. Balance Sheet, as of February 28, 1923 


Current Assets — 

Cash in office, $ 200.00 

Cash in bank, 11,042.81 $ 11,242.81 

U. S. Government Bonds, booked at par, 19,550.00 

Short Term Commercial Loans, 50,000.00 

Accounts Receivable and Advances — 

Advanced to India Treasurer, unspent, 38,418.95 

Advanced to China Treasurer, unspent, ..... 29,787.19 

Advanced to Sweden Treasurer, unspent, 3,382.84 

Advanced to Denmark Treasurer, unspent, . . 3,272.12 

Advanced to Africa Treasurer, unspent, .... 3,580.58 

Accounts Receivable, foreign bills paid, . . . 4,794.66 

Income Special deficit, 2,348.78 

Missionary Support deficit (Account No. 19), 8,947.34 

Student Loan Fund deficit (Account No. 4a), 532.43 95,064.89 175,857.70 

Investments for Endowments and Annuities — 

First Farm Mortgage Loans, 1,290,454.93 

Brethren Publishing House, 100,548.59 1,391,003.52 

Church Extension Bills Receivable (Account No. 18), 11,536.00 

Contingent Investments Receivable, 133,238.43 


J "" e Annual Report 237 


Current Funds — 

Missions Surplus (Account No. 1), 27,510.11 

Mission Reserve for Advances, 80,245.53 

Relief Funds — 

Ministerial and Missionary (Account No. 3c), 26,555.58 

Denmark (Account No. 3d), 3,542.67 

General Relief and Reconstruction (Account 

No. 3e), 880.05 30,978.30 

Miscellaneous — 

Stover Lecture Foundation (Acc't No. 4b), 536.37 

Gish Testament Fund (Account No. 4c), . . . 13.96 

Gish Publishing Fund (Acc't No. 4d), 782.76 

Forward Movement— 1922 (Acc't No. 4g), . 5,774.42 

Brooklyn Italian Church Fund (Acc't No. 4h), 16,431.27 

Miscellaneous Missions (Account No. 4i), .. 2,118.47 25,657.25 

Notes Payable, 20,000.00 

Foreign Transmission Certificates, 863.34 185,254.53 

Endowments and Annuities — 

World Wide Mission Endowment (Acc't No. 2a), 431,185.93 

Endowment Annuity Bonds (Acc't No. 2b) 599,936.91 

Mission Annuity Bonds (Acc't No. 2c), 265,181.00 

India Mission Endowment (Account No. 2e), . . 6,459.00 

China Mission Endowment (Account No. 2f), . . 2,350.00 
Ministerial and Missionary Relief Endowment 

(Account No. 2g), 10.00 

Rohrer Memorial Endowment (Account No. 2h), 1,000.00 

Gospel Messenger Endowment (Account No. 2d), 16,506.56 

Gish Estate Endowment (Account No. 2i) 56,667.08 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund (Acc't No. 2j), 2,050.00 1,381,346.48 

Church Extenson Fund, (Account No. 4e), 11,796.21 

Contingent Agreements, $133,238.43 



6. India Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1922 — 

Rhodes Memorial Fund, $ 5,848.69 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 6,571.91 

India School Dormitories, 2,200.00 

India Village Church Fund, 950.00 

Anklesvar Churchhouse, 3,231.19 

India Bdg. School Buildings, 884.04 

Ross Auto Fund, 1,500.00 21,185.83 


The Missionary Visitor 


Receipts — 

Contributions as reported in Visitor- 
Student Fellowship— 1921, $ 1,403.70 

Aid Societies Foreign Fund ( l / 2 ), 2,995.68 

Foreign Missions (y 2 ), 448.98 

India general donations, 1,974.67 

India Native Workers, 1,936.04 

India Boarding Schools, 2,682.73 

India Share Plan, 6,972.48 

Rosa Kaylor Memorial, 150.75 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 29.04 

Palghar Hospital Building, 439.18 

India Hospitals, 112.32 

India Widows' Home, 59.04 

India School Dormitories, 175.00 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 19), 

India endowment income, 367.28 

Rohrer memorial endowment income, 60.00 

Rhodes memorial fund income, 350.92 

Total transfer from Account No. 15, 

Bequests (Account No. 16), 

Total receipts, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 





Expenditures — 

American Missionaries — 

Supports, $ 33,569.32 

Medical expenses, 593.71 

Special training, .... 570.55 

Furlough expenses, 685.00 

Sending to Field, 3,745.06 

Unclassified expenses, 149.29 

Total expense paid 
from home office, . . 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses on Field (Op- 
erating expenses) — 

Ahwa — 
Boys' Boarding 

School, $ 1,377.64 

Evangelistic, 3,427.31 

G i r 1 s' Boarding 

School 671.06 

Medical, 203.60 

Women's Work, .. 444.05 6,123.66 

Anklesvar — 

Evangelistic, ....... 3,761.50 

Girls' Boarding 

School, 6,716.59 

Property Expense, . 23.30 

Women's Work, .. 695.83 11,197.22 

Bulsar — 
Boys' Boarding 

School, 9,105.84 

Evangelistic, 3,519.71 

Industrial School, . 757.04 

Medical, 1,430.75 

Property Expense, . 7.17 

Women's Work, .. 5.00 

Widows' Home, .... 334.40 15,159.91 

Dahanu — 
Boys' Boarding 

School, 1,521.07 

Evangelistic, 3,241.67 

School, 1,687.43 

Medical, 161.72 

Girls' Boarding 

Property Expense,.. 10.08 

Women's Work, ... 356.65 6,978.62 

Jalalpor — 

Evangelistic, 2,901.00 

Girls' Boarding 

School, 1,672.69 

Property Expense, . 36.51 

39,312.93 Women's Work, ... 464.27 5,074.47 

Palghar — 

Evangelistic 1,211.82 

Evangelistic Equip- 
ment, 610.45 1,822.27 

Boys' Boarding 

School, 4,631.75 

Evangelistic, * 2,449.31 

Medical, 446.33 

Property Expense, . 2.27 

Women's Work, .. 381.71 

Baby Home, 1,136.97 

Industrial Work, .. 140.15 9,188.49 

Boys' Boarding 

School, 1,352.70 

Evangelistic, ....... 2,329.58 

Girls' Boarding 

School, 1,121.78 

Property Expense, . 135.38 

Women's Work, ... 391.78 5,331,22 

Boys' Boarding 

School 5,353 89 

Evangelistic, 4,020.53 

G i r ls : Boarding 

School, 3,999.93 

Industrial School, .. 517.39 

Medical, 15.97 

Women's Work, 478.33 14,386.04 


Annual Report 


General — 
Administration offi- 
ces, 65.71 

Furloughs, 6,994.63 

Children's Missioner, 200.37 

Landour Prop. Exp., 4.00 

Language School, .. 1,846.33 

Publishing, 1,148.33 

Sec. Welfare-Temp., 131.96 

Training School, ... 4,475.10 

Widows' Home, ... 41.04 

Building Repairs, .. 2,463.39 

Bible School 873.20 

Gen'l Evangelistic, 1,022.31 

Industrial School, .. 200.00 

Vacations, 529.49 

New Property (new 

land, buildings & 

equipment) — 
Anklesvar — 

Girls' School Bldg. 


Girls' School Furni- 


Well No. 3 (bal.), .. 
Well No. 4 (bal.), .. 
Church Building 


Stable (balance), .. 
Bungalow No. 3 




ulsar — 

Native Quarters, .. 

Wankel House (bal), 


Dahanu — 
Native Quarters, .. 

Jalalpor — 
Teachers' line (bal.), 
Well (bal.) 

Palghar — 

Bungalow No. 2 (bal), 

Boys' Boarding Bldg. 

Native Quarters, ... 

Baby Home, (bal.),.. 

19,995.86 $ 95,257.76Vyara— 

Native Quarters, ... 

Cost of partly con- 
structed bldgs., etc., 
to be itemized after 

Total gross India Mis- 
sion Expenses, 

Less — 
Gain in exchange on 
Annual Budget ex- 

Gain in exchange 
on New Property, 

Total gain in ex- 

8,557.45 change, 

Deduction from Re- 
serve for Mission 



Total India Mission expense, 

Balances, February 28, 1923— 

Rhodes Memorial Fund, 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 

India School Dormitory Fund, . . . 

India Village Church Fund, 

Anklesvar Churchhouse Fund, . 

India Boarding School Buildings, 

Ross Auto Fund, 

Balances, March l, 1922— 7. China Mission Fund 

Liao Chou Girls' School Bldg., 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund, 

Liao Chou Memorial Church, 

Ping Ting Girls' Dormitory, 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor — 

Student Fellowship— 1920, 

Student Fellowship— 1922 

Aid Societies Foreign Fund (^), 

Foreign Missions (y^) 






China Native Workers, 

China Boys' School 

China Girls' School, 

China Share Plan, 

Liao Chou Hospital Bed Fund 

Ping Ting Hospital, 

China Hospitals, 

Liao Chou Hospital, 

general donations, 2,151.84 









Missionary Supports (Account No. 19), 

Total contributions of living donors, 

China endowment income (Account No. 15), .... 

Bequests (Account No. 16), 

China Famine balance transfer (Acc't No. 3b), 



24.66 1,61376 



315.57 710.66 


20,540.26 34,162.20 




7,000.00 27,906.09 



















The Missionary Visitor 


Expenditures — 

American Mission- 

Medical expenses, .. 
Special training, ... 
Furlough expenses, 
Sending to Field, . . 
U n c 1 a s s ified ex- 

Total expense paid 
from home office, 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses on Field (Op- 
erating expenses) — 

Liao Chou — 



Boys' School, 

Girls' School, 

Men's Evangelistic, 
Women's Evangelis- 





Language Teachers, 

Chinese Busine s s 





Ping Ting Chou — 

Rent, 225.88 

Repairs 345.82 

Boys' School 1,895.26 

Girls' School, 1,365.85 

Men's Evangelistic, 1,609.05 
Women's Evangelis- 


Language Teachers, 
Chinese Business 
















Shou Yang — 

Rent, 26.13 

Repairs, 196.86 

Boys' School, 1,169.95 

Girls' School, 507.13 

Men's Evangelistic, 469.63 

Total China Mission expense, 
Balances, February 28, 1923— 

China general fund, 

Liao Chou Girls' School Bldg., 
Liao Chou X-Ray Fund, ...... 

Liao Chou Memorial Church, . 
Ping Ting Girls' Dormitory, . . . 

Women's Evangelis- 



Language Teachers, 

Chinese Business 





Tai Yuan Fu — 

216 00 


, Language Teacher, 


Agency Hire, 


Language School, .. 




Bldg. Dept. Exp. Fd., 


Men's Bible School, 




5,807.23 24,277.27 

New Property (new 

land, buildings and 

equipment) — 
Liao Chou— 

Boys' Indust. Equip., 
General — 

Builder's Motor bike, 

Cost of partly con- 
structed buildings, 
etc., to be itemized 
after completion, . . 


125.00 375.00 

19,362.00 19,737.00 

Loss in Exchange — 

On supports, 

On Annual Budget 



On New Property, . . 


Total gross China Mis- 
sion Expenses, 

Less deduction from 
Reserve for Advan- 
ces. ..-..■ 


$ 76,655.12 









8. Sweden Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1922— 

Sweden Churchhouse Fund, 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor, 
Missionary Supports (Account No. 19), 

Total receipts — from living donors, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 





$ 16,115.42 


Expenditures — 

Support American 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses — 

On Field (Operating 

expenses) — 
Malmo — 
Native preacher s' 

support, $ 1,340.00 

House and hall rent, 615.42 

Publications, 296.14 

Traveling expense, 193.03 2,444.59 


Hall rent, 32.16 

Traveling expense, 31.09 63.25 

Native preacher s' 

support 557.44 

Property expense, .. 13.40 

Traveling expense, 53.60 624.44 

Olserod — 
Native preacher s' 

support, 557.44 

House and hall rent, 121.91 

Property expense, .. 24.94 

Traveling expense, . 44.75 749.04 

Total Sweden Mission expense, . . 
Balance, February 28, 1923— 

Sweden Churchhouse Fund, . . 

Annual Report 


Vanneberga — 
1,350.00 Native preachers' 

support, 557.46 

Property expense, . 1.72 

Traveling expense, . 67.54 

Tingsrud — 
Native preacher s' 

support,- 557.44 

House and hall rent, 268.00 
Traveling expense, . 41.00 

Total Annual Budget 


New Property (new 
land, buildings and 

equipment) — 
Advance on new 
Malmo Church 
Building (at mar- 
ket rate of ex- 

Total gross Sweden 

Mission Expenses, . 
Less — 
Gain in exchange, .. 
Deduction from Re- 
serve for Advances, 




250.00 717.60 


$ 2,608.54 
$ 16,115.42 

9. Denmark Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor, 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 19), 

Total contributions of living donors, 

Part sale price Sindal Churchhouse, 

Total receipts, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 

$ 29.65 


$ 2,180.56 

$ 7,224.80 

Expenditures — 

Support of American 
worker and family. $ 1,370.00 

Other expense paid 
from home office, 22.54 $ 1,392.54 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses on Field 

(Operating expenses) 
Native pastor sup- 
port 1,340.00 

General Evangelistic, 672.44 

Publications 265.17 

Property expense, .. 139.14 

Taxes, 136.09 

Rent 536.00 

Total Annual Budget 


Total Denmark Mission expense, . . 

Balance, February 28, 1923 — 

Denmark Churchhouse Fund, , , 

New Property 

Part cost of 


Total gross Denmark 
Mission expense, .. 
Less — 

Gain in exchange, An- 
nual Budget ex- 
penses, $ 

Gain in exchange, 
New Property, .. 

Deduction from Re- 
serve for Advances, 



$ 3,016.17 


$ 1,373.66 

150.00 1,523.66 

$ 5,973.89 


$ 7,224.80 


The Missionary Visitor 


10. South China Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contribution reported in Visitor, 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 15), 

Total receipts — from living donors, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 



$ 485.19 

Expenditures — 

Support of native pastor (part 
of year), 

Annual Budget Expenses on Field 
(Operating expenses)— 

Stationery and stamps, ,.••$ 4.08 

Chapel rent, 69.75 

Seats for chapel, 29.65 

Woods and oil, 13.78 

Bibles and tracts, 9.44 

Repairs in chapel, 7.17 

Miscellaneous, 12.32 

Total Annual Budget Expenses, 

Loss in exchange, remitting 


Total South China Mission expense, 



$ 485.19 


11. Africa Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 

$ 1,092.91 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor, . . . 
Missionary Supports (Account No. 19), 

Total receipts — from living donors, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, . . . 



$ 3,353.27 

Expenditures — 

Support and special training, 

wives of exploring party, 

Exploring party — 
Passage to Lagos, Africa via 

London, .$ 1,176.47 

Expenses in London purchasing 

supplies, 134.09 

Travel Equipment for explora- 
tion, 896.30 

Medical Equipment and sup- 
plies, 107.41 

Food for party, guides and car- 
riers, 360.55 

Enroute to Lagos, 143.30 

Expenses in Lagos, 40.63 

Miscellaneous, 87.59 

Total cost exploration to date, .. 

Total gross Africa Mission ex- 

Less gain in exchange, 

Total Africa Mission expense, . , . , , 

$ 550.43 






Annual Report 


12. Home Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1922, 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor- 
Aid Societies Home Fund, . 
Home missions general, 
Greene Co., Va., Mission, 

..$ 4,861.09 

Forward Movement — 1921 (Account No. 4f), 

$ 286.24 

Total contributions of living donors, 
Bequests (Account No. 16), 

$ 6,414.25 


Total receipts, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 

Expenditures — 

Aid to Districts — 

Xo. 111. & Wis. (Douglas Park, 
Chicago) $ 

No. 111. & Wis. (Rice Lake, 

Oklahoma, Pan. Tex. & N. 

S. W. Kansas & S. E. Colorado, 

Middle Missouri, 

Northern California, 



S. W. Missouri & Arkansas, .. 

S. E. Kansas, 

Idaho & W. Montana, 

Southern Iowa, 

Florida (Sebring region), 

Second West Virginia, 




Summer Pastorates — 

304 26 

Rice Lake, Wisconsin, 

Meadow Branch, Tennessee, .. 


161 93 

243. S8 



Goshen, West Virginia, 

153 50 

Training school for pastors, . . 


Southland — 

Evangelistic work in Alabama, 

Evangelistic work at Ft. 

Worth, Tex 


48 35 

D. V. B. S., work in Alabama, 
Pastorate at Nocona, Texas, 
Pastorate at Fort Worth, Tex., 
Pastorate at Broadwater, Mo., 
Pastorate at Fruitdale, Ala., . . 



Red Cloud, Nebr., Parish- 
Repairs on Building, 

Part support of pastor, 

Total Home Mission expense, 


Contribution to Home Mission 


Advisory council expense, 

Kodak for use Home Secretary, 

Greene County, Va., Mission- 
Parsonage (part pay- 

Farm (350 acres), 

Industrial School Bldg. — 

Material, $ 8.411.23 

Labor, 4,584.16 

Plumbing & Heat- 
ing, 5,571.02 

Lighting 351.85 

Equipment, 2,026.04 

$ 8, 

579.35power plant-building, 


Repairs on old build- 

New barn — first ma- 

Operating School — 
Teaching and help, 

School supplies 

Culinary department, 

Operating Farm — 

Labor, . . . .- 


2,726.73 Stock 

Fertilizer & Seed ,.. 
Farm supplies, 


General — 

Fire insurance, 

Community pastor, 

I 758.17 Less tuition 





$ 64,550.72 

Total Greene Co., Mis- 
sion Expense 


Missionary Visitor — 

Binding files, 



Printing and mailing, 

13. Publications Expense 

Less paid subscriptions, 







22.00 $ 








30.00 1,649.45 


$ 64,550.72 


$ 6,227.50 

244 The Missionary Visitor J"£ e 

Missionary Education — 

Booklets, leaflets, etc., 929.44 

Conference exhibit, 91.42 

General Missionary Books, etc., ..$ 138.95 

Less sales, ...... . 41.60 97.35 

Contribution to Missionary Educa 

tion movement,* 251.24 

Miscellaneous, 88.21 

Stereopticons and slides, 299.66 

Less sales, 117.87 181.79 


Less sales Mission Study Books, . 185.38 

Less sales Mission Study Certificates, 32.25 217.63 1,421.82 7,649.32 

14. General Expenses 

Salaries, $ 12,766.49 

Traveling Expense — 

Board meetings, $ 552.53 

General officers, 572.52 

Home Mission Secretary, 611.19 

Missionaries on deputation, 262.73 

Officers to Annual Conference, 102.34 

Special committees, 95.32 2,196.63 

General Office Expense — 

Auditing books, 262.43 

Fidelity bonds, 55.00 

Legal services, 45.00 

Medical examinations, 24.40 

Contribution to Committee of Reference and 

Counsel, 840.00 

Miscellaneous, 99.11 

Office equipment, 176.74 

Office stationery, 434.84 

Office supplies, 308.75 

Postage, , 715.08 

Telephone and Telegraph, 135.45 

Office rent (Account No. 17), 450.00 3,546.80 $ 18,509.92 

15. Investment Income and Expense 

Receipts — 

Interest received from — 

Farm mortgage loans, $ 72,821.08 

Government bonds, 1,305.89 

Short term loans, 2,883.14 

Local bank balances, 1,137.48 

Foreign bank balances, 806.03 78,953.62 

Brethren Pub. House (Account No. 17), 7,105.81 

Profits sale of Williams book, 500.00 $ 86,559.43 

Expenditures — 

Annuities paid, 47,096.56 

Endowment income transferred — 

India Mission Fund (Account No. 6), 778.20 

China Mission Fund (Account No. 7), 141.00 

Gish Estate to Publishing Fund (Acc't No. 

4d), 2,720.02 

Gish Estate to Minis. & Missy. Relief Fund 

(Account No. 3c), .' 680.00 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial to Income Special, 181.50 

Gospel Messenger to B. P. H. (Acc't No. 17), 990.39 5,491.11 

Expense endowment — 

Nursing — U. Swihart contract, 350.00 

Miscellaneous taxes, etc., 13.79 

Recording fees, etc., 31.00 

Wenger taxes, 145.75 540.54 


Annual Report 


Book and Tract Work — 

Publication of tracts, 439.48 

Mailing of tracts, 241.40 

Missionary publications, 305.44 

Gospel Messenger distribution, 1,380.00 

Rebates on endowment, 162.49 

Less tracts paid for, 39.94 

Less contributions, 13.00 

Net income to World Wide Fund (Acc't No. 1), 

30,955.35 $ 86,559.43 

16. Bequests and Lapsed Annuities 











59826 (China), 
59965 (India), 
60797 (W. W. F 


(W. W. 
(W. W. 
(W. W. 

Receipts — 

57211 (W. W. F.) $4,384.67 

57262 (W. W. 

57460 (W. W. 

57633 (India) 

58854 (W. W. 

59266 (W. W. 

59443 (India) 

59575 (W. W. 

Total bequests, 

No lapsed annuities. 

Expenditures — 

Transferred to World Wide Fund (Acc't No. 1), 
Transferred to India Mission Fund (Acc't No. 6), 
Transferred to China Mission Fund (Acc't No. 7), 
Transferred to Home Mission Fund (Acc't No. 


$ 500.00 








$ 12,634.69 




262.26 12,634.69 

17. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — 

1921-22 earnings 6% on investment, 

Payment on building and grounds, 

Payment to reduce investment fund, 

Rent charged to expenses (Account No. 14), ... 

Income Gospel Messenger endowment (Account 

No. 15), 

Expenditures — 

Transfer to B. P. H. investment, 

Office rental paid over 

Gospel Messenger endowment paid over, 

20% of earnings to Minis. & Missy. .Relief (Ac- 
count No. 3c), 

Legal expenses securing exemption from federal 

To Investment Income (Account No. 15), 

18. Church Extension Bills 

Balance — 

Loans, March 1, 1922, 

Loans made — 

To Figarden, California, 

To Rockford, Illinois, 

$ 13,800.00 














$ 7,199.75 

$ 1,000.00 



$ 12,199.75 


The Missionary Visitor 


Loans paid by churches — 

Mt. Tanner, Virginia, 

Freeport, Illinois, 

Bartlesville, Oklahoma, . . 
Mt. Joy, Virginia, 

Balance — 

Loans, February 28, 1923, 

19. Missionary Supports 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor (credited to sup- 
porting accounts), 

Expenditures — 

Supports as charged to supporting accounts — 

To India Mission Fund (Account No. 6), . .$ 25,033.75 
To China Mission Fund (Account No. 7), . . 18,835.53 
To Sweden Mission Fund (Account No. 8), 1,350.00 
To Denmark Mission Fund (Account No. 9), 900.00 

To So. China Mission Fund (Account No. 10), 360.00 

To Africa Mission Fund (Account No. 11), 575.00 

Total credits to Mission Funds, 

Charged special, 

Deficit, March 1, 1922, 

Deficit, February 28, 1923, 





$ 12,199.75 

$ 46,628.43 

$ 47,054.28 

$ 47,373.25 

8,202.52 $ 55,575.77 

$ 8,947.34 

Please Notice: Publication of individual statements of missionary supports will be 
discontinued. Such statements are being prepared and sent direct in each case. 


Tai Yuan 

The "government schools of Tai Yuan have 
resumed work again since the Chinese New 
Year and the Y. M. C. A. is finding it quite 
a problem to supply enough teachers for 
the many students desiring Bible teaching. 
This surely is a hopeful outlook, but not an 
easy task for those in charge of the work. 


Mr. Smith came in from Show Yang last 
Friday night, spent a couple days, and gave 
us a very splendid message Sunday morn- 

We also had the pleasure of having Mr. 
Moyer, from our neighboring mission at 
T'aiku, spend a day with us in looking over 
the work and getting acquainted a bit be- 
fore his return to the States. 

The schools are again resounding with 
activity after the several weeks' vacation at 
the Chinese New Year rather than at the 
Christmas season. 

The Boys' School has an enrollment of 
one hundred and eighty, but the attendance 
has not yet come up to what it was in the 
fall. Twenty-eight of these are in the first 
and second year of high school. 

Forty-five little boys and girls have been